Spain at the 1920 Summer Olympics

Spain competed at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium. It was only the second appearance of the nation at the Summer Games, after competing in the 1900 Summer Olympics, but missing the Games in 1904, 1908, and 1912. 58 competitors, all men, took part in 29 events in 7 sports.[1]

Spain at the
1920 Summer Olympics
Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg
IOC codeESP
NOCSpanish Olympic Committee
Websitewww.coe.es (in Spanish)
in Antwerp
Competitors58 in 7 sports
Flag bearerMariano Arrate
Medals
Ranked 17th
Gold
0
Silver
2
Bronze
0
Total
2
Summer Olympics appearances (overview)

MedalistsEdit

Medal Name Sport
  Silver Spain national football team
Football
  Silver Álvaro de Figueroa
José de Figueroa
Hernando Fitz-James
Jacobo Fitz-James
Leopoldo Saínz de la Maza
Polo

AquaticsEdit

SwimmingEdit

Two swimmers, both men, represented Spain in 1920. It was the nation's debut in the sport. Neither man advanced past the quarterfinals.

Ranks given are within the heat.

Men
Swimmer Event Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
Result Rank Result Rank Result Rank
Luis Balcells 200 m breast Unknown 6 Did not advance
400 m breast Did not finish Did not advance
Joaquín Cuadrada 1500 m free Unknown 4 Did not advance

Water poloEdit

Spain competed in the Olympic water polo tournament for the first time in 1920. The Bergvall System was in use at the time. Spain took advantage of an Italian forfeit in the round of 16 to advance to the quarterfinals, but there met the dominant Great Britain—the British team was on its way to its fourth gold medal in four appearances. Losing to the gold medalist, however, had its advantages under the Bergvall System. Spain got a chance to contest the silver medal. It lost in the silver medal semifinals to the United States, however, and the Americans' loss to Belgium kept Spain from trying for the bronze.

Round of 16
Spain   1–1   Italy Antwerp
Italy forfeited the match.
Quarterfinals
Great Britain   9–0   Spain Antwerp
Silver medal semifinals
United States   5–0   Spain Antwerp
Final rank
7th

AthleticsEdit

14 athletes represented Spain in 1920. It was the nation's debut in athletics. Domínguez's 25th-place finish in the cross country was the only time a Spanish athlete competed in, and finished, an event final.

Ranks given are within the heat.

Athlete Event Heats Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
Result Rank Result Rank Result Rank Result Rank
Carlos Botín 100 m 11.2 3 Did not advance
Jaime Camps 100 m Unknown 5 Did not advance
Julio Domínguez Cross country N/A Unknown 25
José García Lorenzana 400 m 52.8 4 Did not advance
Miguel García Onsalo 400 m 52.0 2 Q 52.6 4 Did not advance
800 m N/A 2:02.2 3 Q 2:01.2 6 Did not advance
José Grasset 800 m N/A Unknown 7 Did not advance
Ignacio Izaguirre Shot put 11.235 17 N/A Did not advance
Javelin throw 38.92 23 N/A Did not advance
Luis Meléndez 10 km walk N/A 53:56.6 5 Q Did not finish
Félix Mendizábal 100 m 11.2 2 Q Unknown 2 Q Unknown 5 Did not advance
200 m 23.2 3 Did not advance
Juan Muguerza 1500 m N/A Did not finish Did not advance
5000 m N/A Unknown 6 Did not advance
Diego Ordóñez 100 m Unknown 3 Did not advance
200 m 23.7 3 Did not advance
Carlos Pajarón 200 m 24.2 3 Did not advance
Teodoro Pons 5000 m N/A Did not finish Did not advance
10000 m N/A Unknown 7 Did not advance
Federico Reparez 200 m Unknown 5 Did not advance
Félix Mendizábal
Diego Ordóñez
Jaime Camps
Federico Reparez [2]
4 × 100 m relay N/A 44.6 3 Did not advance

FootballEdit

Spain competed in the Olympic football tournament for the first time. The team compiled a record of 4–1 on the way to a silver medal; the four wins were the most of any team in 1920. A first-round win over Denmark set up a quarterfinal contest against eventual gold-medalists Belgium—Spain's only loss. In the consolation tournament, the Spanish squad won its matches against Sweden and Italy to advance to the silver medal game against the Netherlands, which Spain won.

First round
Spain  1–0  Denmark
Arabolaza   54' Report
Attendance: 3,000
Referee: Willem Eymers (NED)
Quarterfinals
Belgium  3–1  Spain
Coppée   11'   52'   55' Report Arrate   62' (pen.)
Attendance: 18,000
Referee: Johannes Mutters (NED)
Consolation first round
Spain  2–1  Sweden
Belauste   51'
Acedo   53'
Report Dahl   28'
Attendance: 1,500
Referee: Giovanni Mauro (ITA)
Consolation semifinals
Spain  2–0  Italy
Sesúmaga   43'   72' Report
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: Paul Putz (BEL)
Consolation final
Spain  3–1  Netherlands
Sesúmaga   7'   35'
Pichichi   72'
Report Groosjohan   68'
Attendance: 14,000
Referee: Paul Putz (BEL)
Final rank
  Silver

PoloEdit

Spain competed in the Olympic polo tournament for the first time. The team took the silver medal, beating the United States in the semifinals but losing to Great Britain in the final.

Semifinals
  Spain (ESP)13–3  United States (USA)
 
Final
  Spain (ESP)11–13  Great Britain (GBR)
 
Final rank
  Silver

ShootingEdit

Seven shooters represented Spain in 1920. It was the nation's debut in the sport. Spain's best result was sixth place, achieved in the team military pistol event.

Shooter Event Final
Result Rank
José Benito López 50 m small-bore rifle Unknown
300 m free rifle, 3 pos. Unknown
Antonio Bonilla 50 m small-bore rifle Unknown
300 m free rifle, 3 pos. Unknown
Luis Calvet 50 m small-bore rifle Unknown
300 m free rifle, 3 pos. Unknown
Antonio Moreira 50 m small-bore rifle Unknown
300 m free rifle, 3 pos. Unknown
Domingo Rodríguez 50 m small-bore rifle Unknown
300 m free rifle, 3 pos. Unknown
José Benito López
Antonio Bonilla
Luis Calvet
José María Miró
Antonio Vázquez
30 m team military pistol 1224 6
50 m team free pistol 2010 12
José Benito López
Antonio Bonilla
Luis Calvet
Antônio Moreira
Domingo Rodríguez
50 m team small-bore rifle 1753 9
Team free rifle 4080 11
300 m team military rifle, prone 278 7
300 m team military rifle, standing 200 14
600 m team military rifle, prone 253 13
300 & 600 m team military rifle, prone 510 12

TennisEdit

Four tennis players, all men, competed for Spain in 1920. It was the nation's debut in the sport. Manuel Alonso had the most success in the singles, winning three matches to advance to the quarterfinals before being beaten. Fernández de Liencres and de Satrústegui were the better of the two doubles pairs, advancing to the second round.

Player Event Round of 64 Round of 32 Round of 16 Quarterfinals Semifinals Finals Rank
Opposition
Score
Opposition
Score
Opposition
Score
Opposition
Score
Opposition
Score
Opposition
Score
José María Alonso Men's singles   Kumagae (JPN)
L 7–5, 6–3, 6–3
Did not advance 32
Manuel Alonso Men's singles   Just (TCH)
W 6–3, 2–6, 6–0, 6–2
  Woosnam (GBR)
W 6–1, 2–6, 6–1, 6–3
  Beamish (GBR)
W 6–1, 5–7, 5–7, 6–3, 6–1
  Turnbull (GBR)
L 0–6, 7–5, 4–6, 6–3, 7–5
Did not advance 5
Enrique de Satrústegui Men's singles Bye   Simon (SUI)
L 3–6, 8–6, 6–2, 6–8, 6–2
Did not advance 17
José Miguel Fernández de Liencres Men's singles   Lindqvist (SWE)
W 0–6, 6–2, 6–3, 6–2
  Balbi (ITA)
L 6–2, 6–4, 6–1
Did not advance 17
José Alonso
Manuel Alonso
Men's doubles N/A   Norton & Raymond (RSA)
L 6–3, 7–5, 6–0
Did not advance 17
Enrique de Satrústegui
J.M. Fernández de Liencres
Men's doubles N/A   de Laveleye & Halot (SUI)
W 7–5, 6–3, 1–6, 6–4
  Albarran & Décugis (FRA)
L 6–2, 3–6, 6–0, 6–4
Did not advance 9

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Spain at the 1920 Antwerp Summer Games". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  2. ^ "EL ATLETISMO ESPAÑOL EN LOS JUEGOS OLÍMPICOS" (PDF).

External linksEdit