Open main menu

Wikipedia β

The flag of the international Olympic movement
The flag of the international Paralympic movement

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) uses three-letter abbreviation country codes[1] to refer to each group of athletes that participate in the Olympic Games. Each code usually identifies a National Olympic Committee (NOC), but there are several codes that have been used for other instances in past Games, such as teams composed of athletes from multiple nations, or groups of athletes not formally representing any nation.

Several of the IOC codes are different from the standard ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 codes. Other sporting organisations, such as FIFA, use similar country codes to refer to their respective teams, but with some differences. Still others, such as the Commonwealth Games Federation or Association of Tennis Professionals, use the IOC list verbatim.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The 1956 Winter Olympics and 1960 Summer Olympics were the first Games to feature Initials of Nations to refer to each NOC in the published official reports.[2] However, the codes used at the next few Games were often based on the host nation's language (e.g., GIA for Japan at the 1956 Winter Olympics and 1960 Summer Olympics, both held in Italy, from Italian Giappone) or based on the French name for the nation (e.g., COR for Korea, from Corée). By the 1972 Winter Olympics, most codes were standardized on the current usage, but several have changed in recent years. Additionally, the dissolution of the Soviet Union, division and unification of Germany, breakup of Yugoslavia, dissolution of Czechoslovakia, and several other instances of geographical renaming have all resulted in code changes.

In addition to this list of over 200 NOCs, the participation of National Paralympic Committees (NPCs) at the Paralympic Games requires standardised IOC codes, such as Macau (or as "Macau, China" since 1999) and the Faroe Islands, coded MAC and FRO respectively.[3][4]

Current NOCsEdit

There are 206 current NOCs (National Olympic Committees) within the Olympic Movement. The following tables show the currently used code for each NOC and any different codes used in past Games, per the official reports from those Games. Some of the past code usage is further explained in the following sections. Codes used specifically for a Summer Games only or a Winter Games only, within the same year, are indicated by "S" and "W" respectively.

Code Link National Olympic Committee Other codes used
AFG [1]   Afghanistan
ALB [2]   Albania
ALG [3]   Algeria AGR (1964), AGL (1968 S)
AND [4]   Andorra
ANG [5]   Angola
ANT [6]   Antigua and Barbuda
ARG [7]   Argentina
ARM [8]   Armenia
ARU [9]   Aruba
ASA [10]   American Samoa
AUS [11]   Australia
AUT [12]   Austria
AZE [13]   Azerbaijan
BAH [14]   Bahamas
BAN [15]   Bangladesh
BAR [16]   Barbados BAD (1964)
BDI [17]   Burundi
BEL [18]   Belgium
BEN [19]   Benin DAY (1964), DAH (1968–1976)
BER [20]   Bermuda
BHU [21]   Bhutan
BIH [22]   Bosnia and Herzegovina BSH (1992 S)
BIZ [23]   Belize HBR (1968–1972)
BLR [24]   Belarus
BOL [25]   Bolivia
BOT [26]   Botswana
BRA [27]   Brazil
BRN [28]   Bahrain
BRU [29]   Brunei
BUL [30]   Bulgaria
BUR [31]   Burkina Faso VOL (1972–1984)
CAF [32]   Central African Republic AFC (1968)
CAM [33]   Cambodia CAB (1964), KHM (1972–1976)
CAN [34]   Canada
CAY [35]   Cayman Islands
CGO [36]   Congo
CHA [37]   Chad CHD (1964)
CHI [38]   Chile CIL (1956 W, 1960 S)
CHN [39]   China PRC (1952 S)
CIV [40]   Côte d'Ivoire IVC (1964), CML (1968)
CMR [41]   Cameroon
COD [42]   DR Congo COK (1968), ZAI (1972–1996)
COK [43]   Cook Islands
COL [44]   Colombia
COM [45]   Comoros
CPV [46]   Cape Verde
CRC [47]   Costa Rica COS (1964)
CRO [48]   Croatia
CUB [49]   Cuba
CYP [50]   Cyprus
CZE [51]   Czech Republic TCH (1984)
DEN [52]   Denmark DAN (1960 S, 1968 W), DIN (1968 S)
DJI [53]   Djibouti
DMA [54]   Dominica
DOM [55]   Dominican Republic
ECU [56]   Ecuador
EGY [57]   Egypt RAU (1960, 1968), UAR (1964)
ERI [58]   Eritrea
ESA [59]   El Salvador SAL (1964–1976)
ESP [60]   Spain SPA (1956–1964, 1968 W)
EST [61]   Estonia
ETH [62]   Ethiopia ETI (1960, 1968)
FIJ [63]   Fiji FIG (1960)
FIN [64]   Finland
FRA [65]   France
FSM [66]   Micronesia
GAB [67]   Gabon
GAM [68]   The Gambia
GBR [69]   Great Britain GRB (1956 W–1960), GBI (1964)
GBS [70]   Guinea-Bissau
GEO [71]   Georgia
GEQ [72]   Equatorial Guinea
GER [73]   Germany ALL (1968 W), ALE (1968 S)
GHA [74]   Ghana
GRE [75]   Greece
GRN [76]   Grenada
GUA [77]   Guatemala GUT (1964)
GUI [78]   Guinea
GUM [79]   Guam
GUY [80]   Guyana GUA (1960), GUI (1964)
HAI [81]   Haiti
HKG [82]   Hong Kong HOK (1960–1968)
HON [83]   Honduras
HUN [84]   Hungary UNG (1956 W, 1960 S)
INA [85]   Indonesia INS (1960)
IND [86]   India
IRI [87]   Iran IRN (1956–1988), IRA (1968 W)
IRL [88]   Ireland
IRQ [89]   Iraq IRK (1960, 1968)
ISL [90]   Iceland ICE (1960 W, 1964 S)
ISR [91]   Israel ISL
ISV [92]   Virgin Islands
ITA [93]   Italy
IVB [94]   British Virgin Islands
JAM [95]   Jamaica
JOR [96]   Jordan
JPN [97]   Japan GIA (1956 W, 1960 S), JAP (1960 W)
KAZ [98]   Kazakhstan
KEN [99]   Kenya
KGZ [100]   Kyrgyzstan
KIR [101]   Kiribati
KOR [102]   South Korea COR (1956 W, 1960 S, 1968 S, 1972 S)
KOS [103]   Kosovo
KSA [104]   Saudi Arabia ARS (1968–1976), SAU (1980–1984)
KUW [105]   Kuwait
LAO [106]   Laos
LAT [107]   Latvia
LBA [108]   Libya LYA (1964), LBY (1968 W)
LBN [109]   Lebanon LEB (1960 W, 1964 S), LIB (1964-2016)
LBR [110]   Liberia
LCA [111]   Saint Lucia
LES [112]   Lesotho
LIE [113]   Liechtenstein LIC (1956 W, 1964 S, 1968 W)
LTU [114]   Lithuania LIT (1992 W)
LUX [115]   Luxembourg
MAD [116]   Madagascar MAG (1964)
MAR [117]   Morocco MRC (1964)
MAS [118]   Malaysia MAL (1964–1988)
MAW [119]   Malawi
MDA [120]   Moldova MLD (1994)
MDV [121]   Maldives
MEX [122]   Mexico
MGL [123]   Mongolia MON (1968 W)
MHL [124]   Marshall Islands
MKD [125]   Macedonia
MLI [126]   Mali
MLT [127]   Malta MAT (1960–1964)
MNE [128]   Montenegro
MON [129]   Monaco
MOZ [130]   Mozambique
MRI [131]   Mauritius
MTN [132]   Mauritania
MYA [133]   Myanmar BIR (1960, 1968–1988), BUR (1964)
NAM [134]   Namibia
NCA [135]   Nicaragua NCG (1964), NIC (1968)
NED [136]   Netherlands OLA (1956 W), NET (1960 W), PBA (1960 S), NLD (1964 S), HOL (1968–1988)
NEP [137]   Nepal
NGR [138]   Nigeria NIG (1960 S), NGA (1964)
NIG [139]   Niger NGR (1964)
NOR [140]   Norway
NRU [141]   Nauru
NZL [142]   New Zealand NZE (1960, 1968 W)
OMA [143]   Oman
PAK [144]   Pakistan
PAN [145]   Panama
PAR [146]   Paraguay
PER [147]   Peru
PHI [148]   Philippines FIL (1960, 1968)
PLE [149]   Palestine
PLW [150]   Palau
PNG [151]   Papua New Guinea NGY (1976–1980), NGU (1984–1988)
POL [152]   Poland
POR [153]   Portugal
PRK [154]   North Korea NKO (1964 S, 1968 W), CDN (1968)
PUR [155]   Puerto Rico PRI (1960), PRO (1968)
QAT [156]   Qatar
ROU [157]   Romania ROM (1956–1960, 1972–2006), RUM (1964–1968)
RSA [158]   South Africa SAF (1960–1972)
RUS [159]   Russia
RWA [160]   Rwanda
SAM [161]   Samoa
SEN [162]   Senegal SGL (1964)
SEY [163]   Seychelles
SGP [164]   Singapore SIN (1959–2016)
SKN [165]   Saint Kitts and Nevis
SLE [166]   Sierra Leone SLA (1968)
SLO [167]   Slovenia
SMR [168]   San Marino SMA (1960–1964)
SOL [169]   Solomon Islands
SOM [170]   Somalia
SRB [171]   Serbia
SRI [172]   Sri Lanka CEY (1960-1964, 1972), CEI (1968 S)
SSD [173]   South Sudan
STP [174]   São Tomé and Príncipe
SUD [175]   Sudan
SUI [176]   Switzerland SVI (1956 W, 1960 S), SWI (1960 W, 1964 S)
SUR [177]   Suriname
SVK [178]   Slovakia
SWE [179]   Sweden SVE (1956 W, 1960 S), SUE (1968 S)
SWZ [180]   Swaziland
SYR [181]   Syria RAU (1960), SIR (1968)
TAN [182]   Tanzania
TGA [183]   Tonga TON (1984)
THA [184]   Thailand
TJK [185]   Tajikistan
TKM [186]   Turkmenistan
TLS [187]   Timor-Leste IOA (Individual Olympic Athletes, 2000)
TOG [188]   Togo
TPE [189]   Chinese Taipei[5] RCF (1960), TWN (1964–1968), ROC (1972–1976)
TTO [190]   Trinidad and Tobago TRT (1964–1968) TRI (1972–2012)
TUN [191]   Tunisia
TUR [192]   Turkey
TUV [193]   Tuvalu
UAE [194]   United Arab Emirates
UGA [195]   Uganda
UKR [196]   Ukraine
URU [197]   Uruguay URG (1968)
USA [198]   United States SUA (1960 S), EUA (1968 S)
UZB [199]   Uzbekistan
VAN [200]   Vanuatu
VEN [201]   Venezuela
VIE [202]   Vietnam VET (1964), VNM (1968–1976)
VIN [203]   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
YEM [204]   Yemen
ZAM [205]   Zambia NRH (1964)
ZIM [206]   Zimbabwe RHO (1960–1972)

Historic NOCs and teamsEdit

Codes still in useEdit

Fourteen historical NOCs or teams have codes that are still used in the IOC results database[6] to refer to past medal winners from these teams.

Code Nation/Team Other codes used
AHO   Netherlands Antilles
ANZ   Australasia
BOH   Bohemia
BWI   British West Indies ANT (1960, 1968), WID (1964)
EUA   United Team of Germany GER (1956–1964)
EUN   Unified Team
FRG   West Germany ALL (1968 W), ALE (1968 S), GER (1972–1976)
GDR   East Germany ADE (1968)
RU1   Russian Empire
SCG   Serbia and Montenegro YUG (1996 S-2002 W)
TCH   Czechoslovakia CSL (1956 W), CZE (1960 W), CSV (1960 S), CZS (1964 S), CHE (1968 S)
URS   Soviet Union SOV (1968 W)
YUG   Yugoslavia JUG (1956–1960, 1968 W), YUS (1964 S)
ZZX   Mixed teams

Obsolete codesEdit

Code Nation (NOC) Years Notes
BIR   Burma 1948–1988 Now   Myanmar (MYA)
CEY   Ceylon 1948–1972 Now   Sri Lanka (SRI)
DAH   Dahomey 1964–1976 Now   Benin (BEN)
GUI   British Guiana 1948–1964 Now   Guyana (GUY)
HBR   British Honduras 1968–1972 Now   Belize (BIZ)
KHM   Khmer Republic 1972–1976 Now   Cambodia (CAM)
MAL   Malaya 1956–1960 Competed independently prior to the formation of Malaysia in 1963.
Now   Malaysia (MAS)
NBO   North Borneo 1956
NRH   Northern Rhodesia 1964 Now   Zambia (ZAM)
RAU   United Arab Republic 1960 Now   Egypt (EGY)
and   Syria (SYR)
RHO   Rhodesia 1960–1972 Now   Zimbabwe (ZIM)
ROC   Republic of China 1932–1976 Now competing under the name '  Chinese Taipei (TPE)'
SAA   Saar 1952 Competed independently prior to rejoining   West Germany (FRG) in 1957.
UAR   United Arab Republic 1964–1968 Now   Egypt (EGY)
VOL   Upper Volta 1972–1984 Now   Burkina Faso (BUR)
YAR   North Yemen 1984–1988 Competed independently prior to Yemeni unification in 1990.
Now   Yemen (YEM)
YMD   South Yemen 1988
ZAI   Zaire 1972–1996 Now   DR Congo (COD)
——   Gold Coast 1952 Now   Ghana (GHA)

Two other significant code changes have occurred, both because of a change in the nation's designation as used by the IOC:

  • HOL was changed to NED for the Netherlands for the 1992 Games, reflecting the change in designation from Holland.
  • IRN was changed to IRI for Iran for the 1992 Games, reflecting the change in designation to Islamic Republic of Iran.

Special codesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.olympic.org/Documents/Commissions_PDFfiles/Olympic_Solidarity/2011_report_Moving_Forward.pdf
  2. ^ Mallon, Bill; Ove Karlsson (May 2004). "IOC and OCOG Abbreviations for NOCs" (PDF). Journal of Olympic History. 12 (2): 25–28. Retrieved 2008-02-08. 
  3. ^ Faroe Islands
  4. ^ Macau, China
  5. ^ Official name given to the Republic of China for Olympic competition
  6. ^ a b c "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-02-08. 
  7. ^ "Mixed NOCs". Archived from the original on 2014-02-25. 
  8. ^ Rio2016.org, 3 June 2016 Archived 2016-08-05 at the Wayback Machine.