The International Olympic Committee (IOC) uses three-letter abbreviation country codes to refer to each group of athletes that participate in the Olympic Games. Each geocode usually identifies a National Olympic Committee (NOC), but there are several codes that have been used for other instances in past Games, such as teams composed of athletes from multiple nations, or groups of athletes not formally representing any nation.
Several of the IOC codes are different from the standard ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 codes. Other sporting organisations like FIFA use similar country codes to refer to their respective teams, but with some differences. Still others, such as the Commonwealth Games Federation or the Association of Tennis Professionals, use the IOC list verbatim.
Because French is the first reference language of the IOC, followed by English, followed by the host country's language when necessary, most IOC codes have their origins in either French or English.
The 1956 Winter Olympics and 1960 Summer Olympics were the first Games to feature Initials of Nations to refer to each NOC in the published official reports. However, the codes used at the next few Games were often based on the host nation's language (e.g., GIA for Japan at the 1956 Winter Olympics and 1960 Summer Olympics, both held in Italy, from Italian Giappone) or based on the French name for the nation (e.g., AUT for Austria, from Autriche). By the 1972 Winter Olympics, most codes were standardized on the current usage, but several have changed in recent years. Additionally, the dissolution of the Soviet Union, division and unification of Germany, breakup of Yugoslavia, dissolution of Czechoslovakia, and several other instances of geographical renaming have all resulted in code changes.
In addition to this list of over 200 NOCs, the participation of National Paralympic Committees (NPCs) at the Paralympic Games requires standardised IOC codes, such as Macau (or as "Macau, China" since 1999) and the Faroe Islands, coded MAC and FRO respectively.
There are 206 current NOCs (National Olympic Committees) within the Olympic Movement. The following tables show the currently used code for each NOC and any different codes used in past Games, per the official reports from those Games. Some of the past code usage is further explained in the following sections. Codes used specifically for a Summer Games only or a Winter Games only, within the same year, are indicated by "S" and "W" respectively.
|Code||National Olympic Committee||Other codes used||Link|
|ANG||Angola||ANO (As referenced in IAAF World Championships Beijing 2015 Statistics Handbook)|||
|ANT||Antigua and Barbuda|||
|AUT||Austria||current code from French Autriche|||
|BIH||Bosnia and Herzegovina||BSH (1992 S), BOS current code from Bosnian Bosna i Hercegovina|||
|BIZ||Belize||HBR (1968–1972) from French Honduras britannique as British Honduras Also BHO|||
|BUR||Burkina Faso||VOL (1972–1984) as Upper Volta Also BKF|||
|CAF||Central African Republic||AFC (1968)|||
|CGO||Republic of the Congo|||
|CHN||China||PRC (1952 S) as People's Republic of China|||
current code from French Côte d'Ivoire
|COD||Democratic Republic of the Congo||
|CRC||Costa Rica||COS (1964)|||
previous codes taken from Italian Danimarca, French Danemark and Spanish Dinamarca
previous codes taken from Italian Repubblica Araba Unita, French République Arabe Unie and Spanish República Árabe Unida
|ESA||El Salvador||SAL (1964–1976)|||
current code taken from French Espagne or Spanish España
|FIJ||Fiji||FIG (1960) from Italian Figi|||
|FSM||Federated States of Micronesia|||
|HKG||Hong Kong, China||HOK (1960–1968)|||
current code from Islamic Republic of Iran
|IRL||Ireland||current code taken from French Irlande|||
current code taken from French Islande, Icelandic Ísland or Spanish Islandia
|ISV||Virgin Islands||current code taken from French Îles Vierges (des États-Unis)|||
|IVB||British Virgin Islands||current code taken from French Îles Vierges britanniques|||
previous code taken from Italian Corea, French Corée and Spanish Corea
current code from Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
|LTU||Lithuania||LIT (1992 W)|||
|MAR||Morocco||MRC (1964); current code from French Maroc|||
|MGL||Mongolia||MON (1968 W)|||
|MKD||North Macedonia||current code taken from Macedonian Македонија/Makedonija|||
|MRI||Mauritius||From French Maurice|||
|PNG||Papua New Guinea||
current code from People's Republic of Korea
current code from French Roumanie
|RSA||South Africa||SAF (1960–1972)
current code from Republic of South Africa
|RUS||Russia||From 1994 to 2016|||
|SAM||Samoa||WSM (1984–1996) as Western Samoa|||
|SKN||Saint Kitts and Nevis|||
|SLE||Sierra Leone||SLA (1968)|||
|SMR||San Marino||SMA (1960–1964)|||
|STP||São Tomé and Príncipe|||
current code from French Suisse
|SWZ||Eswatini||current code from former name Swaziland|||
|SYR||Syria||SIR (1968) from Spanish Siria|||
|TLS||East Timor||current code taken from Portuguese Timor-Leste|||
|TTO||Trinidad and Tobago||
|UAE||United Arab Emirates|||
|VIN||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines|||
|ZAM||Zambia||NRH (1964) as Northern Rhodesia|||
|ZIM||Zimbabwe||RHO (1960–1972) as Rhodesia|||
Most National Paralympic Committees (NPC) cover a territory with an active NOC. In these cases the NPC codes matches the IOC codes shown above. The two current NPCs without a corresponding NOC use the following NPC codes.
|Code||National Paralympic Committee||Link|
|MAC||Macau, China||Associação Recreativa dos Deficientes de Macau|
|FRO||Faroe Islands||The Faroese Sport Organisation for Disabled|
Historic NOCs and teamsEdit
Codes still in useEdit
Fourteen historical NOCs or teams have codes that are still used in the IOC results database to refer to past medal winners from these teams.
|Code||Nation/Team||Other codes used|
code from French Antilles hollandaises
|BWI||British West Indies|
|EUA||United Team of Germany||GER (1956–1964)|
code taken from French Équipe unifiée d'Allemagne
|EUN||Unified Team||code from the French Équipe unifiée or Spanish Equipo Unificado|
code FRG taken from Federal Republic of Germany
|GDR||East Germany||ADE (1968) from Spanish Alemania Democrática|
code GDR taken from German Democratic Republic
|SCG||Serbia and Montenegro||code from Serbian Србија и Црна Гора / Srbija i Crna Gora|
code taken from French Tchécoslovaquie
|URS||Soviet Union||SOV (1968 W)|
code from French Union des républiques socialistes soviétiques (URSS)
|VNM||South Vietnam||Code of the State of Vietnam and then Republic of Vietnam from 1952 to 1975.|
Unlike the previous list, these codes no longer appear in the IOC results database. When a past athlete from one of these teams has won a medal, the new code is shown next to them instead.
From French Birmanie
|1948–1988||Now Myanmar (MYA)|
From French Ceylan
|1948–1972||Now Sri Lanka (SRI)|
|DAH||Dahomey||1964–1976||Now Benin (BEN)|
|GUI||British Guiana||1948–1964||Now Guyana (GUY).|
The code former GUI has been reassigned to Guinea (GUI) in 1965 when its new NOC was recognized by the IOC and used publicly in their first competed games in 1968. All formerly known by BGU
|HBR|| British Honduras
From French Honduras britannique
|1968–1972||Now Belize (BIZ)|
|IHO|| Dutch East Indies
code from French Indes orientales hollandaises
|1934–1938||Now Indonesia (INA)|
|KHM|| Khmer Republic
From French République khmère
|1972||Now Cambodia (CAM)|
From French Malaisie
|1956–1960||Competed independently before the formation of Malaysia in 1963.|
Now Malaysia (MAS)
|NRH||Northern Rhodesia||1964||Now Zambia (ZAM)|
|RAU|| United Arab Republic
code from French République arabe unie
|1960||Now Egypt (EGY) and Syria (SYR)|
also Southern Rhodesia and Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland until it became Zimbabwe in 1980
|1960–1972||Now Zimbabwe (ZIM)|
|ROC||Republic of China||1932–1976||Medal winners from 1948 and earlier display as China (CHN), while medal winners from after 1948 display as Chinese Taipei (TPE) under which the team now competes.|
|SAA||Saar||1952||Competed independently before rejoining West Germany (FRG) in 1957|
|UAR||United Arab Republic||1964–1968||Now Egypt (EGY)|
|VOL||Upper Volta||1972–1984||Now Burkina Faso (BUR)|
|WSM||Western Samoa||1984–1996||Now Samoa (SAM)|
|YAR|| North Yemen
code from Yemen Arab Republic
|1984–1988||Competed independently before Yemeni unification in 1990.|
Now Yemen (YEM)
|YMD|| South Yemen
code from Yemen Democratic Republic
|ZAI|| Democratic Republic of the Congo
From French Zaïre
|1972–1996||Now Democratic Republic of the Congo (COD)|
Two other significant code changes have occurred, both because of a change in the nation's designation as used by the IOC:
- HOL was changed to NED for the Netherlands for the 1992 Games, reflecting the change in designation from Holland.
- IRN was changed to IRI for Iran for the 1992 Games, reflecting the change in designation to Islamic Republic of Iran.
Special codes for OlympicsEdit
|ANZ||Australasia||1908–1912||Used in the IOC's medal database to identify the team from Australasia, composed of athletes from both Australia and New Zealand for the 1908 and 1912 Games. Both nations competed separately by 1920.|
from French Corée
|2018||Used for the unified Korean women's ice hockey team at the 2018 Winter Olympics.|
|EOR|| Refugee Olympic Team
from French Équipe olympique des réfugiés
|2020||Used for the IOC Refugee Olympic Team at the 2020 Summer Olympics for athletes to compete who have been displaced from their home countries. The IOC code was changed from ROT which was used in 2016.|
|EUA|| United Team of Germany
from French Équipe unifiée d'Allemagne
|1956–1964||Used in the IOC's medal database to identify the United Team of Germany, composed of athletes representing the NOCs of both East Germany and West Germany for the 1956–1964 Games. The team was simply known as Germany in the official reports for those six games at the time.|
|EUN|| Unified Team
from French Équipe unifiée
|1992||Used in 1992 (both Summer and Winter Games) for the Unified Team, composed of athletes from most of the ex-republics of the Soviet Union that chose to compete as a unified team. Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania entered separately in 1992, whereas Russia and eleven other post-Soviet nations competed independently for the first time in 1994 and/or 1996.|
|IOP||Independent Olympic Participants||
||Used for independent Olympic participants at the 1992 Summer Olympics as a designation used for athletes from FR Yugoslavia who could not compete as a team due to United Nations sanctions. At the 1992 Summer Olympics IOP was used as a designation for athletes from the Republic of Macedonia too. IOP was also used during the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi by Indian athletes due to the Indian Olympic Association suspension.|
|IOA||Independent Olympic Athletes||
||Used for Individual Olympic Athletes in 2000, a designation used for athletes from Timor-Leste before the formation of its NOC. IOA was used again in the 2012 Games, when it stood for Independent Olympic Athletes, comprising athletes from the former Netherlands Antilles and a runner from South Sudan. The Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee's membership from the IOC was withdrawn the previous year, and South Sudan had not yet formed an NOC at the time. IOA was used again in 2016 for athletes from Kuwait as a result of the suspension of its National Olympic Committee.|
|IOC||Athletes from Kuwait||2010–2012||Used as the country code for Athletes from Kuwait, when the Kuwait Olympic Committee was suspended the first time, at the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics, the 2010 Asian Games and the 2011 Asian Winter Games; for the second suspension in 2015–2017, athletes from Kuwait were also competing in several international competitions under the IOC flag, but this time in the team of Individual Olympic Athletes (IOA), including (but not only) in the 2016 Summer Olympics.|
|MIX||Mixed-NOCs||2010–||Used as the country code for Mixed NOCs at the Youth Olympics.|
|OAR||Olympic Athletes from Russia||2018||Used for Olympic Athletes from Russia competing as neutral athletes due to the state-sponsored doping scandal.|
from the abbreviation for Russian Olympic Committee
|2020–||Used for Russian Olympic Committee athletes at the 2020 Summer Olympics and 2022 Winter Olympics following the sanctions due to the state-sponsored doping scandal. The delegation used a flag depicting the logo of the Russian Olympic Committee.|
|ROT||Refugee Olympic Team||2016||Used for the Refugee Olympic Team at the 2016 Summer Olympics for athletes to compete who have been displaced from their home countries.|
|ZZX||Mixed team||1896–1904||Used in the IOC's medal database to identify medals won by mixed teams of athletes from multiple nations (such as the combination of France and Great Britain, for example), a situation that happened several times in the Games of 1896, 1900, and 1904.|
Special codes for ParalympicsEdit
|IPP||Independent Paralympic Participants||1992||Used for Independent Paralympic Participants at the 1992 Summer Paralympics as a designation used for athletes from FR Yugoslavia and Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia who could not compete as a team due to United Nations sanctions.|
|IPA||Individual Paralympic Athletes||
||De facto independent East Timor was not yet recognised as a sovereign state, and did not have a recognised National Paralympic Committee. Two athletes from the country gained the opportunity to in the 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney, but they competed officially as Individual Paralympic Athletes, rather than as representatives of an NPC.|
|IPA||Independent Paralympic Athletes||
||A team consisting of refugee and asylee Paralympic athletes competed at the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro as Independent Paralympic Athletes.|
|NPA||Neutral Paralympic Athletes||
||Used in 2018 for Russian athletes competing as neutral athletes due to the state-sponsored doping scandal. Was to be used in 2022 for Russian athletes competing as neutral athletes due to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, however the Russian athletes were ultimately banned before the start of the 2022 Games.|
|PNA||Paralympic Neutral Athletes||—||Was to be used for Belarusian athletes competing as neutral athletes due to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, however the Belarusian athletes were ultimately banned before the start of the 2022 Winter Paralympics and the code was not used.|
from the abbreviation for Russian Paralympic Committee
||Used for Russian Paralympic Committee athletes at the 2020 Summer Paralympics following the sanctions due to the state-sponsored doping scandal. Was to be used in 2022 as well, however the Russian athletes were ultimately banned due to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. The delegation used a flag depicting a specially created emblem representing the Russian Paralympic Committee.|
|RPT||Refugee Paralympic Team||2020|
Special codes for World GamesEdit
The World Games are a multi-sport event comprising sports and sporting disciplines that are not contested in the Olympic Games. The World Games are governed by the International World Games Association, under the patronage of the International Olympic Committee.
|HNL||Iroquois||2022||The Haudenosaunee Nationals (also known as the Iroquois), who invented the sport of lacrosse and which has spiritual significance to them, were initially denied a spot to compete at the 2022 World Games, despite the Haudenosaunee national team's placement at the 2018 World Lacrosse Championship, due to not having a recognized NOC and issues concerning other countries recognizing sovereignty; they were given a spot to compete after Ireland agreed to drop out of competition in a show of solidarity.|
- Comparison of IOC, FIFA, and ISO 3166 country codes
- List of FIFA country codes
- Lists of National Olympic Committees by continental association:
- List of participating nations at the Summer Olympic Games
- List of participating nations at the Winter Olympic Games
- List of CGF country codes
- ISO 3166-1
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