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The Pan American Sports Organization (Panam Sports; Spanish: Organización Deportiva Panamericana) is an international organization which represents the current 41 National Olympic Committees of North America, South America, Central America and the Caribbean.

Pan American Sports Organization
Pan American Sports Organization logo.svg
Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) members.svg
Member countries are in green
Formation1940
TypeContinental Sports Organization
HeadquartersMexico City, Mexico
Membership
41 National Olympic Committees
Official language
English, Spanish, French
President
Neven Ilić Álvarez
Websitewww.panamsports.org

It is affiliated with the International Olympic Committee and its affiliated bodies, including ANOC, the Association of National Olympic Committees, and serves as the continental association of the Americas.

The organization's flagship event is the quadrennial Pan American Games, held since 1951. The Parapan American Games were inaugurated in 1999 for disabled athletes and are held alongside the able-bodied Pan American Games. The Pan American Winter Games, for winter sports, were held only once in 1990. The Pan American Sports Festival was inaugurated in 2014 as a developmental event for the region's athletes.

Contents

Affiliated organizationsEdit

There are four regional entities affiliated with Panam Sports, they are:

FlagEdit

Just like the International Olympic Committee, Panam Sports has its own flag. In 2017, Panam Sports underwent a complete rebranding of the organization, including changes to its commercial name (now Panam Sports), brand and flag. The modern design emphasizes the unity of Panam Sports' 41 member nations, displaying the entire continent within a seal that features the new commercial name 'Panam Sports' at the top and 'Organization' at the bottom. The Olympic Rings reside below the seal, symbolizing the continental organization's close relationship with the IOC and the Olympic Games. The seal and accompanying rings are centered on the white background of the flag.

The original flag of PASO-ODEPA contained the four words, "América", "Espírito", "Sports" and "Fraternité", each respectively in one of the four official languages of the organization, namely Spanish, Portuguese, English and French. The original flag also displayed a torch along with the Olympic Rings and five circles with the official colors of the Olympics on a white background. Finally, the words PASO and ODEPA were written to indicate the organization the flag represents.

Member countriesEdit

In the following table, the year in which the NOC was recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) is also given if it is different from the year in which the NOC was created.

Nation Code National Olympic Committee Created Region Ref.
  Antigua and Barbuda ANT The Antigua and Barbuda Olympic Association 1966/1976 Caribbean [1]
  Argentina ARG Argentine Olympic Committee 1923 South America [2]
  Aruba ARU Aruban Olympic Committee 1985/1986 Caribbean [3]
  Bahamas BAH Bahamas Olympic Committee 1952 Caribbean [4]
  Barbados BAR Barbados Olympic Association 1955 Caribbean [5]
  Belize BIZ Belize Olympic and Commonwealth Games Association 1967 Central America [6]
  Bermuda BER Bermuda Olympic Association 1935/1936 North America [7]
  Bolivia BOL Bolivian Olympic Committee 1932/1936 South America [8]
  Brazil BRA Brazilian Olympic Committee 1914/1935 South America [9]
  British Virgin Islands IVB British Virgin Islands Olympic Committee 1980/1982 Caribbean [10]
  Canada CAN Canadian Olympic Committee 1904/1907 North America [11]
  Cayman Islands CAY Cayman Islands Olympic Committee 1973/1976 Caribbean [12]
  Chile CHI Chilean Olympic Committee 1934 South America [13]
  Colombia COL Colombian Olympic Committee 1936/1948 South America [14]
  Costa Rica CRC Costa Rican Olympic Committee 1953/1954 Central America [15]
  Cuba CUB Cuban Olympic Committee 1926/1954 Caribbean [16]
  Dominica DMA Dominica Olympic Committee 1987/1993 Caribbean [17]
  Dominican Republic DOM Dominican Republic Olympic Committee 1946/1962 Caribbean [18]
  Ecuador ECU Ecuadorian National Olympic Committee 1948/1959 South America [19]
  El Salvador ESA El Salvador Olympic Committee 1949/1962 Central America [20]
  Grenada GRN Grenada Olympic Committee 1984 Caribbean [21]
  Guatemala GUA Guatemalan Olympic Committee 1947 Central America [22]
  Guyana GUY Guyana Olympic Association 1935/1948 Caribbean [23]
  Haiti HAI Haitian Olympic Committee 1914/1924 Caribbean [24]
  Honduras HON Honduran Olympic Committee 1956 Central America [25]
  Jamaica JAM Jamaica Olympic Association 1936 Caribbean [26]
  Mexico MEX Mexican Olympic Committee 1923 North America [27]
  Nicaragua NCA Nicaraguan Olympic Committee 1959 Central America [28]
  Panama PAN Panama Olympic Committee 1934/1947 Central America [29]
  Paraguay PAR Paraguayan Olympic Committee 1970 South America [30]
  Peru PER Peruvian Olympic Committee 1924/1936 South America [31]
  Puerto Rico PUR Puerto Rico Olympic Committee 1948 Caribbean [32]
  Saint Kitts and Nevis SKN St. Kitts and Nevis Olympic Committee 1986/1993 Caribbean [33]
  Saint Lucia LCA Saint Lucia Olympic Committee 1987/1993 Caribbean [34]
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VIN Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Olympic Committee 1982/1987 Caribbean [35]
  Suriname SUR Suriname Olympic Committee 1959 Caribbean (South America) [36]
  Trinidad and Tobago TTO Trinidad and Tobago Olympic Committee 1946/1948 Caribbean [37]
  United States USA United States Olympic Committee 1894 North America [38]
  Uruguay URU Uruguayan Olympic Committee 1923 South America [39]
  Venezuela VEN Venezuelan Olympic Committee 1935 South America [40]
  Virgin Islands ISV Virgin Islands Olympic Committee 1967 Caribbean [41]

Former member: Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee

There are three areas not a part of Panam Sports as they are not independent nations:

Panam Sports PresidentsEdit

S. No. Name Country Tenure
1. Mr. Avery Brundage   United States 1940–1951
2. Mr. José de Jesús Clark Flores   Mexico 1951–1955
3. Mr. Doug Roby   United States 1955–1959
4. Mr. José de Jesús Clark Flores   Mexico 1959–1971
5. Mr. Sylvio de Magalhaes Padilha1   Brazil 1971–1971
6. Mr. José Beracasa   Venezuela 1971–1975
7. Mr. Mario Vázquez Raña   Mexico 1975–2015
8. Mr. Ivar Sisniega   Mexico 2015–2015
9. Mr. Julio César Maglione   Uruguay 2015–2017
10. Mr. Neven Ilic Álvarez   Chile 2017–present

^1 Served as acting president for two months until new election.

Panam Sports Athlete CommissionEdit

In 2011, a new Panam Sports Athlete Commission was formed. Former Canadian Rhythmic Gymnast and three-time Pan American Games gold medalist Alexandra Orlando was selected the president of the commission. The commission will be made up of seven athletes (five current and two former) with two being reserved for non-Olympic sports.[1][2]

Member Country Since Pan American Games Participation
Alexandra Orlando   Canada 2011 2003–2007
Mijaín López   Cuba 2011 2003–2015
Samyr Laine   Haiti 2011 2003–2011
Andrea Estrada   Guatemala 2011 2011
Guillermo Perez   Mexico 2011 2011
Pedro Causil   Colombia 2011 2011
Shannon Nishi   United States 2011 2011

Debut of countries per GamesEdit

Games Host Year Debuting Countries Total
I   Buenos Aires 1951   Argentina,   Brazil,   Chile,   Colombia,   Costa Rica,   Cuba,   Ecuador,   El Salvador,   Guatemala,   Haiti,   Jamaica,   Mexico,   Nicaragua,   Panama,   Paraguay,   Peru,   Trinidad and Tobago,   United States,   Uruguay,   Venezuela. 20
II   Mexico City 1955   Bahamas,   Canada,   Dominican Republic,   Puerto Rico. 4
III   Chicago 1959   Guyana,   Netherlands Antilles. 2
IV   São Paulo 1963   Barbados. 1
V   Winnipeg 1967   Belize,   Bolivia,   Bermuda,   Virgin Islands. 4
VI   Cali 1971 - 0
VII   Mexico City 1975   Honduras. 1
VIII   San Juan 1979   Antigua and Barbuda. 1
IX   Caracas 1983   British Virgin Islands,   Suriname. 2
X   Indianapolis 1987   Aruba,   Cayman Islands,   Grenada. 3
XI   Havana 1991   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. 1
XII   Mar de Plata 1995   Dominica,   Saint Kitts and Nevis,   Saint Lucia. 3
XIII   Winnipeg 1999 - 0
XIV   Santo Domingo 2003 - 0
XV   Rio de Janeiro 2007 - 0
XVI   Guadalajara 2011 - 0
XVII   Toronto 2015 - 0
XVIII   Lima 2019 Future -
XIX   Santiago 2023 Future -

Exclusion of indigenous sportsEdit

Despite criticisms that Ulama or Mesoamerican Ballgame and Lacrosse[3][4] are not included in the program of the Pan American Games, the number of countries practicing the sport is too small for the sport to be added to the program. As of 2018, there are 15 national federations in the Americas affiliated with World Lacrosse with a minimum number of Panam Sports recognition being 14 (Bermuda, Canada, United States, Iroquois, Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico, Chile, Ecuador and Haiti). However, the Iroquois nation is not recognized by Panam Sports or the IOC.[5] Thus, there are at this time 14 regional member nations of World Lacrosse, enough for the sport to be included in the Pan Am Games as early as 2023. Lacrosse is recognized by the Global Association of International Sports Federations and by the International Olympic Committee. However, this is not the case with ulama, which inhibits its participation in the Pan American Games. It is a possibility that lacrosse will be included in the program of the Games in the future when more countries join their respective international body.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Alexandra Orlando elected president of PASO Athletes' Commission". March 8, 2012.
  2. ^ Athlete's commission
  3. ^ Nahwegahbow, Barb (2014). "Aboriginal pavilion will tell "our story" our way". AMMSA.
  4. ^ Windle, Jim (February 4, 2015). "Six Nations announces participation in Pan-Am Games". The Two Rows Times.
  5. ^ "Haiti Voted in as FIL's 55th Member". filacrosse.com. Retrieved 12 April 2018.

External linksEdit