The Panam Sports (Formerly Pan American Sports Organization; Spanish: Organización Deportiva Panamericana; Portuguese: Organizacão Depórtiva Panamericana; French: Organisation Sportive PanAméricaine) is an international organization which represents the current 41 National Olympic Committees of the American Continent.

Panam Sports
Formation1940
TypeContinental Sports Organization
HeadquartersMexico City, Mexico
Membership
41 National Olympic Committees
Official language
English, Spanish, French
President
Neven Ilić Álvarez
Websitepanamsports.org

It is affiliated with the International Olympic Committee and its affiliated bodies, including ANOC, the Association of National Olympic Committees, and serves as the continental association of the American Continent.

The organization's flagship event is the quadrennial Pan American Games, held since 1951. The Parapan American Games were inaugurated in 1999 for disabled athletes and are held alongside the able-bodied Pan American Games. The Pan American Winter Games, for winter sports, were held only once in 1990. The Pan American Sports Festival was inaugurated in 2014 as a developmental event for the region's athletes.

Affiliated organizationsEdit

There are four regional entities affiliated with Panam Sports, they are:

FlagEdit

Just like the International Olympic Committee, Panam Sports has its own flag. In 2017, Panam Sports underwent a complete rebranding of the organization, including changes to its commercial name (now Panam Sports), brand and flag. The modern design emphasizes the unity of Panam Sports' 41 member nations, displaying the entire continent within a seal that features the new commercial name 'Panam Sports' at the top and 'Organization' at the bottom. The Olympic Rings reside below the seal, symbolizing the continental organization's close relationship with the IOC and the Olympic Games. The seal and accompanying rings are centered on the white background of the flag.

The original flag of PASO-ODEPA contained the four words, "América", "Espírito", "Sports" and "Fraternité", each respectively in one of the four official languages of the organization, namely Spanish, Portuguese, English and French. The original flag also displayed a torch along with the Olympic Rings and five circles with the official colors of the Olympics on a white background. Finally, the words PASO and ODEPA were written to indicate the organization the flag represents.

Member countriesEdit

In the following table, the year in which the NOC was recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) is also given if it is different from the year in which the NOC was created.

Nation Code National Olympic Committee President Created/Recognised IOC member Subregion
  Antigua and Barbuda ANT The Antigua and Barbuda Olympic Association E.P. Chet Greene 1966/1976 Yes Caribbean
  Argentina ARG Argentine Olympic Committee Mario Moccia 1923 Yes South America
  Aruba ARU Aruban Olympic Committee Wanda Broeksema 1985/1986 Yes Caribbean/South American
  Bahamas BAH Bahamas Olympic Committee Romell Knowles 1952 Yes Caribbean
  Barbados BAR Barbados Olympic Association Sandra Osborne 1955 Yes Caribbean
  Belize BIZ Belize Olympic and Commonwealth Games Association Hilberto Martínez 1967 Yes Central America/Caribbean
  Bermuda BER Bermuda Olympic Association Peter Dunne 1935/1936 Yes Northern America[note 1]
  Bolivia BOL Bolivian Olympic Committee Marco Antonio Arze Mendoza 1932/1936 Yes South America/Bolivarian
  Brazil BRA Brazilian Olympic Committee Paulo Wanderley Teixeira 1914/1935 Yes South America
  British Virgin Islands IVB British Virgin Islands Olympic Committee Ephraim Penn 1980/1982 Yes Caribbean
  Canada CAN Canadian Olympic Committee Tricia Smith 1904/1907 Yes Northern America[note 2]
  Cayman Islands CAY Cayman Islands Olympic Committee Lorette Powell (acting) 1973/1976 Yes Caribbean
  Chile CHI Chilean Olympic Committee Miguel Ángel Mujica 1934 Yes South America/Bolivarian
  Colombia COL Colombian Olympic Committee Ciro Solano Hurtado 1936/1948 Yes South America/Caribbean/Bolivarian
  Costa Rica CRC Costa Rican Olympic Committee Alexánder Zamora Gomez 1953/1954 Yes Central America/Caribbean
  Cuba CUB Cuban Olympic Committee Roberto León Richards Aguiar 1926/1954 Yes Caribbean
  Dominica DMA Dominica Olympic Committee Billy Doctrove 1987/1993 Yes Caribbean
  Dominican Republic DOM Dominican Republic Olympic Committee Antonio Acosta Corletto 1946/1962 Yes Caribbean
  Ecuador ECU Ecuadorian National Olympic Committee Cap. Jorge Delgado Panchana 1948/1959 Yes South America/Bolivarian
  El Salvador ESA El Salvador Olympic Committee Jose Armando Bruni Ochoa 1949/1962 Yes Central America
  Grenada GRN Grenada Olympic Committee Cheney Joseph 1984 Yes Caribbean
  Guatemala GUA Guatemalan Olympic Committee Gerardo Aguirre 1947 Yes Central America/Caribbean
  Guyana GUY Guyana Olympic Association Kalam Azad Juman-Yassin 1935/1948 Yes South America[note 3]
  Haiti HAI Haitian Olympic Committee Hans Larsen 1914/1924 Yes Caribbean
  Honduras HON Honduran Olympic Committee Salvador Jiménez Cáceres 1956 Yes Central America/Caribbean
  Jamaica JAM Jamaica Olympic Association Christopher Samuda 1936 Yes Caribbean
  Mexico MEX Mexican Olympic Committee María José Alcalá 1923 Yes Central America/Caribbean[note 4]
  Nicaragua NCA Nicaraguan Olympic Committee Emmett Lang Salmerón 1959 Yes Central America/Caribbean
  Panama PAN Panama Olympic Committee Camilo Amado 1934/1947 Yes Central America/Caribbean/South America/Bolivarian
  Paraguay PAR Paraguayan Olympic Committee Camilo Pérez López Moreira 1970 Yes South America
  Peru PER Peruvian Olympic Committee Renzo Manyari 1924/1936 Yes South America/Bolivarian
  Puerto Rico PUR Puerto Rico Olympic Committee Sara Rosario 1948 Yes Caribbean
  Saint Kitts and Nevis SKN St. Kitts and Nevis Olympic Committee Alphonso Bridgewater 1986/1993 Yes Caribbean
  Saint Lucia LCA Saint Lucia Olympic Committee Alfred Emmanuel 1987/1993 Yes Caribbean
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VIN Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Olympic Committee George Trevor Bailey 1982/1987 Yes Caribbean
  Suriname SUR Suriname Olympic Committee Ramon Tjon-A-Fat 1959 Yes South America[note 5]
  Trinidad and Tobago TTO Trinidad and Tobago Olympic Committee Diane Henderson 1946/1948 Yes Caribbean[note 6]
  United States USA United States Olympic & Paralympic Committee Susanne Lyons 1894 Yes Northern America[note 7]
  Uruguay URU Uruguayan Olympic Committee Julio César Maglione 1923 Yes South America
  Venezuela VEN Venezuelan Olympic Committee Eduardo Álvarez Camacho 1935 Yes South America/Caribbean/Bolivarian
  Virgin Islands ISV Virgin Islands Olympic Committee Angel L. Morales 1967 Yes Caribbean

Former member: Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee

There are some areas not a part of Panam Sports as they are not independent countries:

PresidentsEdit

S. No. Name Country Tenure
1. Avery Brundage   United States 1940–1951
2. José de Jesús Clark Flores   Mexico 1951–1955
3. Doug Roby   United States 1955–1959
4. José de Jesús Clark Flores   Mexico 1959–1971
5. Sylvio de Magalhaes Padilha1   Brazil 1971–1971
6. José Beracasa   Venezuela 1971–1975
7. Mario Vázquez Raña   Mexico 1975–2015
8. Ivar Sisniega   Mexico 2015–2015
9. Julio César Maglione   Uruguay 2015–2017
10. Neven Ilic Álvarez   Chile 2017–present

^1 Served as acting president for two months until new election.

Athlete CommissionEdit

In 2011, a new Panam Sports Athlete Commission was formed. Former Canadian rhythmic gymnast and three-time Pan American Games gold medalist Alexandra Orlando was selected the president of the commission. The commission will be made up of seven athletes (five current and two former) with two being reserved for non-Olympic sports.[4][5]

Member Country Since Pan American Games Participation
Alexandra Orlando   Canada 2011 2003–2007
Mijaín López   Cuba 2011 2003–2019
Samyr Laine   Haiti 2011 2003–2011
Andrea Estrada   Guatemala 2011 2011
Guillermo Perez   Mexico 2011 2011
Pedro Causil   Colombia 2011 2011
Shannon Nishi   United States 2011 2011

Debut of countries per GamesEdit

Games Host Year Debuting Countries Total
I   Buenos Aires 1951   Argentina,   Brazil,   Chile,   Colombia,   Costa Rica,   Cuba,   Ecuador,   El Salvador,   Guatemala,   Haiti,   Jamaica,   Mexico,   Nicaragua,   Panama,   Paraguay,   Peru,   Trinidad and Tobago,   United States,   Uruguay,   Venezuela. 20
II   Mexico City 1955   Bahamas,   Canada,   Dominican Republic,   Netherlands Antilles,   Puerto Rico. 5
III   Chicago 1959   Guyana. 1
IV   São Paulo 1963   Barbados. 1
V   Winnipeg 1967   Belize,   Bolivia,   Bermuda,   Virgin Islands. 4
VI   Cali 1971 - 0
VII   Mexico City 1975   Honduras. 1
VIII   San Juan 1979   Antigua and Barbuda. 1
IX   Caracas 1983   British Virgin Islands,   Suriname. 2
X   Indianapolis 1987   Aruba,   Cayman Islands,   Grenada. 3
XI   Havana 1991   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. 1
XII   Mar de Plata 1995   Dominica,   Saint Kitts and Nevis,   Saint Lucia. 3
XIII   Winnipeg 1999 - 0
XIV   Santo Domingo 2003 - 0
XV   Rio de Janeiro 2007 - 0
XVI   Guadalajara 2011 - 0
XVII   Toronto 2015 - 0
XVIII   Lima 2019 - 0
XIX   Santiago 2023 Future -
XX   Barranquilla 2027 Future -

Exclusion of indigenous sportsEdit

Despite criticisms that Ulama or Mesoamerican Ballgame and Lacrosse[6][7] are not included in the program of the Pan American Games, the number of countries practicing the sport is too small for the sport to be added to the program. As of 2020, there are 19 national federations in the Americas affiliated with World Lacrosse with a minimum number of Panam Sports recognition being 14 (Argentina, Barbados, Bermuda, Canada, United States, Iroquois, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico, Chile, Ecuador, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Panama, and the United States Virgin Islands). However, the Iroquois nation is not recognized by Panam Sports or the IOC.[8] Thus, there are at this time 14 regional member nations of World Lacrosse, enough for the sport to be included in the Pan Am Games as early as 202i. Lacrosse is recognized by the Global Association of International Sports Federations and by the International Olympic Committee. However, this is not the case with ulama, which inhibits its participation in the Pan American Games. It is a possibility that lacrosse will be included in the program of the Games in the future.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Northern America does not have a regional multi-sport event, Bermuda competes in the Central American and Caribbean Games instead.
  2. ^ Northern America does not have a regional multi-sport event, Canada only competes in the Pan American Games.
  3. ^ Geographically a part of South America, Guyana also competes in the Central American and Caribbean Games.
  4. ^ Mexico does not compete in the Central American Games, the country only competes in the Central American and Caribbean Games.
  5. ^ Geographically a part of South America, Suriname also competes in the Central American and Caribbean Games.
  6. ^ Geographically a part of both the Caribbean and South America, Trinidad and Tobago only competes in the Central American and Caribbean Games.
  7. ^ Northern America does not have a regional multi-sport event, the United States only competes in the Pan American Games.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Curtain comes down on 123rd IOC Session". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 2012-08-15. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  2. ^ "Buenos Aires 1951". QuadrodeMedalhas.com. Retrieved 2009-11-26.
  3. ^ "Santo Domingo 2003". QuadrodeMedalhas.com. Retrieved 2019-08-19.
  4. ^ "Alexandra Orlando elected president of PASO Athletes' Commission". March 8, 2012.
  5. ^ Athlete's commission
  6. ^ Nahwegahbow, Barb (2014). "Aboriginal pavilion will tell "our story" our way". AMMSA.
  7. ^ Windle, Jim (February 4, 2015). "Six Nations announces participation in Pan-Am Games". The Two Rows Times.
  8. ^ "Haiti Voted in as FIL's 55th Member". filacrosse.com. Retrieved 12 April 2018.

External linksEdit