The Pan American Sports Organization (Panam Sports; Spanish: Organización Deportiva Panamericana) is an international organization which represents the current 41 National Olympic Committees of North America, South America, Central America and the Caribbean.
Member countries are in green
|Type||Continental Sports Organization|
|Headquarters||Mexico City, Mexico|
|41 National Olympic Committees|
|English, Spanish, French|
|Neven Ilić Álvarez|
It is affiliated with the International Olympic Committee and its affiliated bodies, including ANOC, the Association of National Olympic Committees, and serves as the continental association of the Americas.
The organization's flagship event is the quadrennial Pan American Games, held since 1951. The Parapan American Games were inaugurated in 1999 for disabled athletes and are held alongside the able-bodied Pan American Games. The Pan American Winter Games, for winter sports, were held only once in 1990. The Pan American Sports Festival was inaugurated in 2014 as a developmental event for the region's athletes.
There are four regional entities affiliated with Panam Sports, they are:
Just like the International Olympic Committee, Panam Sports has its own flag. In 2017, Panam Sports underwent a complete rebranding of the organization, including changes to its commercial name (now Panam Sports), brand and flag. The modern design emphasizes the unity of Panam Sports' 41 member nations, displaying the entire continent within a seal that features the new commercial name 'Panam Sports' at the top and 'Organization' at the bottom. The Olympic Rings reside below the seal, symbolizing the continental organization's close relationship with the IOC and the Olympic Games. The seal and accompanying rings are centered on the white background of the flag.
The original flag of PASO-ODEPA contained the four words, "América", "Espírito", "Sports" and "Fraternité", each respectively in one of the four official languages of the organization, namely Spanish, Portuguese, English and French. The original flag also displayed a torch along with the Olympic Rings and five circles with the official colors of the Olympics on a white background. Finally, the words PASO and ODEPA were written to indicate the organization the flag represents.
In the following table, the year in which the NOC was recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) is also given if it is different from the year in which the NOC was created.
|Nation||Code||National Olympic Committee||Created/Recognised||Subregion||Ref.|
|Antigua and Barbuda||ANT||The Antigua and Barbuda Olympic Association||1966/1976||Caribbean|||
|Argentina||ARG||Argentine Olympic Committee||1923||South America|||
|Aruba||ARU||Aruban Olympic Committee||1985/1986||Caribbean/South American|||
|Bahamas||BAH||Bahamas Olympic Committee||1952||Caribbean|||
|Barbados||BAR||Barbados Olympic Association||1955||Caribbean|||
|Belize||BIZ||Belize Olympic and Commonwealth Games Association||1967||Central America/Caribbean|||
|Bermuda||BER||Bermuda Olympic Association||1935/1936||Northern America[note 1]|||
|Bolivia||BOL||Bolivian Olympic Committee||1932/1936||South America/Bolivarian|||
|Brazil||BRA||Brazilian Olympic Committee||1914/1935||South America|||
|British Virgin Islands||IVB||British Virgin Islands Olympic Committee||1980/1982||Caribbean|||
|Canada||CAN||Canadian Olympic Committee||1904/1907||Northern America[note 2]|||
|Cayman Islands||CAY||Cayman Islands Olympic Committee||1973/1976||Caribbean|||
|Chile||CHI||Chilean Olympic Committee||1934||South America/Bolivarian|||
|Colombia||COL||Colombian Olympic Committee||1936/1948||South America/Caribbean/Bolivarian|||
|Costa Rica||CRC||Costa Rican Olympic Committee||1953/1954||Central America/Caribbean|||
|Cuba||CUB||Cuban Olympic Committee||1926/1954||Caribbean|||
|Dominica||DMA||Dominica Olympic Committee||1987/1993||Caribbean|||
|Dominican Republic||DOM||Dominican Republic Olympic Committee||1946/1962||Caribbean|||
|Ecuador||ECU||Ecuadorian National Olympic Committee||1948/1959||South America/Bolivarian|||
|El Salvador||ESA||El Salvador Olympic Committee||1949/1962||Central America|||
|Grenada||GRN||Grenada Olympic Committee||1984||Caribbean|||
|Guatemala||GUA||Guatemalan Olympic Committee||1947||Central America/Caribbean|||
|Guyana||GUY||Guyana Olympic Association||1935/1948||South America[note 3]|||
|Haiti||HAI||Haitian Olympic Committee||1914/1924||Caribbean|||
|Honduras||HON||Honduran Olympic Committee||1956||Central America/Caribbean|||
|Jamaica||JAM||Jamaica Olympic Association||1936||Caribbean|||
|Mexico||MEX||Mexican Olympic Committee||1923||Central America/Caribbean[note 4]|||
|Nicaragua||NCA||Nicaraguan Olympic Committee||1959||Central America/Caribbean|||
|Panama||PAN||Panama Olympic Committee||1934/1947||Central America/Caribbean/South America/Bolivarian|||
|Paraguay||PAR||Paraguayan Olympic Committee||1970||South America|||
|Peru||PER||Peruvian Olympic Committee||1924/1936||South America/Bolivarian|||
|Puerto Rico||PUR||Puerto Rico Olympic Committee||1948||Caribbean|||
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||SKN||St. Kitts and Nevis Olympic Committee||1986/1993||Caribbean|||
|Saint Lucia||LCA||Saint Lucia Olympic Committee||1987/1993||Caribbean|||
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||VIN||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Olympic Committee||1982/1987||Caribbean|||
|Suriname||SUR||Suriname Olympic Committee||1959||South America[note 5]|||
|Trinidad and Tobago||TTO||Trinidad and Tobago Olympic Committee||1946/1948||Caribbean[note 6]|||
|United States||USA||United States Olympic & Paralympic Committee||1894||Northern America[note 7]|||
|Uruguay||URU||Uruguayan Olympic Committee||1923||South America|||
|Venezuela||VEN||Venezuelan Olympic Committee||1935||South America/Caribbean/Bolivarian|||
|Virgin Islands||ISV||Virgin Islands Olympic Committee||1967||Caribbean|||
Former member: Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee
There are some areas not a part of Panam Sports as they are not independent countries:
- Anguilla, the Falkland Islands, Montserrat, and the Turks and Caicos Islands are British Overseas Territories without internal autonomy and so failed to create their own National Olympic committees and so are not members of the Pan American Sports Organization.
- Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten are part of the Dutch Caribbean since 2010. With the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles later in that year, the athletes from these territories were allowed to compete at the 2011 Pan American Games with the older denomination. This also happened with these athletes at the 2012 Summer Olympics, but they were part of the Independent Olympic Athletes team. Since 2013, athletes from these five territories were absorbed by the Aruban Olympic Committee.
- French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, and Saint Pierre and Miquelon are not members of the Pan American Sports Organization as they are overseas departments and collectivities of France. Nevertheless, French Guiana participated in the 1951 Pan American Games. Guadeloupe and Martinique also competed at the 2003 Games as guests at the shooting events.
- Greenland is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark and geopolitically associated with Europe, therefore it is the only Northern American country not involved in Panam Sports.
Panam Sports PresidentsEdit
|1.||Mr. Avery Brundage||United States||1940–1951|
|2.||Mr. José de Jesús Clark Flores||Mexico||1951–1955|
|3.||Mr. Doug Roby||United States||1955–1959|
|4.||Mr. José de Jesús Clark Flores||Mexico||1959–1971|
|5.||Mr. Sylvio de Magalhaes Padilha1||Brazil||1971–1971|
|6.||Mr. José Beracasa||Venezuela||1971–1975|
|7.||Mr. Mario Vázquez Raña||Mexico||1975–2015|
|8.||Mr. Ivar Sisniega||Mexico||2015–2015|
|9.||Mr. Julio César Maglione||Uruguay||2015–2017|
|10.||Mr. Neven Ilic Álvarez||Chile||2017–present|
^1 Served as acting president for two months until new election.
Panam Sports Athlete CommissionEdit
In 2011, a new Panam Sports Athlete Commission was formed. Former Canadian Rhythmic Gymnast and three-time Pan American Games gold medalist Alexandra Orlando was selected the president of the commission. The commission will be made up of seven athletes (five current and two former) with two being reserved for non-Olympic sports.
|Member||Country||Since||Pan American Games Participation|
|Shannon Nishi||United States||2011||2011|
Debut of countries per GamesEdit
|I||Buenos Aires||1951||Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela.||20|
|II||Mexico City||1955||Bahamas, Canada, Dominican Republic, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico.||5|
|V||Winnipeg||1967||Belize, Bolivia, Bermuda, Virgin Islands.||4|
|VIII||San Juan||1979||Antigua and Barbuda.||1|
|IX||Caracas||1983||British Virgin Islands, Suriname.||2|
|X||Indianapolis||1987||Aruba, Cayman Islands, Grenada.||3|
|XI||Havana||1991||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.||1|
|XII||Mar de Plata||1995||Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia.||3|
|XV||Rio de Janeiro||2007||-||0|
Exclusion of indigenous sportsEdit
Despite criticisms that Ulama or Mesoamerican Ballgame and Lacrosse are not included in the program of the Pan American Games, the number of countries practicing the sport is too small for the sport to be added to the program. As of 2018, there are 15 national federations in the Americas affiliated with World Lacrosse with a minimum number of Panam Sports recognition being 14 (Bermuda, Canada, United States, Iroquois, Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico, Chile, Ecuador and Haiti). However, the Iroquois nation is not recognized by Panam Sports or the IOC. Thus, there are at this time 14 regional member nations of World Lacrosse, enough for the sport to be included in the Pan Am Games as early as 2023. Lacrosse is recognized by the Global Association of International Sports Federations and by the International Olympic Committee. However, this is not the case with ulama, which inhibits its participation in the Pan American Games. It is a possibility that lacrosse will be included in the program of the Games in the future.
- Northern America does not have a regional multi-sport event, Bermuda competes in the Central American and Caribbean Games instead.
- Northern America does not have a regional multi-sport event, Canada only competes in the Pan American Games.
- Geographically a part of South America, Guyana also competes in the Central American and Caribbean Games.
- Mexico does not compete in the Central American Games, the country only competes in the Central American and Caribbean Games.
- Geographically a part of South America, Suriname also competes in the Central American and Caribbean Games.
- Geographically a part of both the Caribbean and South America, Trinidad and Tobago only competes in the Central American and Caribbean Games.
- Northern America does not have a regional multi-sport event, the United States only competes in the Pan American Games.
- "Curtain comes down on 123rd IOC Session". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 2012-08-15. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- "Buenos Aires 1951". QuadrodeMedalhas.com. Retrieved 2009-11-26.
- "Santo Domingo 2003". QuadrodeMedalhas.com. Retrieved 2019-08-19.
- "Alexandra Orlando elected president of PASO Athletes' Commission". March 8, 2012.
- Athlete's commission
- Nahwegahbow, Barb (2014). "Aboriginal pavilion will tell "our story" our way". AMMSA.
- Windle, Jim (February 4, 2015). "Six Nations announces participation in Pan-Am Games". The Two Rows Times.
- "Haiti Voted in as FIL's 55th Member". filacrosse.com. Retrieved 12 April 2018.