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South Africa first participated at the Olympic Games in 1904, and sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games until 1960. After the passage of United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1761 in 1962 in response to South Africa's policy of apartheid, the nation was barred from the Games.

South Africa at the
Olympics
Flag of South Africa.svg
IOC codeRSA
NOCSouth African Sports Confederation and Olympic Committee
Websitewww.sascoc.co.za
Medals
Gold
26
Silver
31
Bronze
29
Total
86
Summer appearances
Winter appearances

After the negotiations to end apartheid in South Africa commenced in 1990, the nation re-joined the Olympic movement. The South African Sports Confederation and Olympic Committee was created in 1991, and South Africa returned to the Games at the 1992 Summer Olympics (and the 1992 Summer Paralympics). South Africa also participated in the Winter Olympic Games in 1960, and since 1994.

South African athletes have won a total of 86 medals, with athletics, boxing, and swimming as the top medal-producing sports.

Contents

HistoryEdit

South African athletes first participated in the 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, when few foreign athletes arrived and the organizers invited participants of the adjacent 1904 World's Fair to compete.[1] General Piet Cronjé, Len Taunyane, and Jan Mashiani, all Boer War veterans who had been taken prisoner by the British at St. Helena after the Battle of Paardeberg and had reenacted battle scenes at the fair, participated in the men's marathon.[1] Taunyane and Mashiani were the first black Africans to participate in the Olympics, and the only blacks to represent South Africa in the Olympics until the end of apartheid.[1]

Although the four British colonies of Cape of Good Hope, Natal, Transvaal, and Orange River did not form the Union of South Africa until 1910, they fielded a combined South Africa team at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, where Reggie Walker won its first gold medal.[1] The first South African woman in the Olympics was swimmer Barbara Nash in 1920, and the first women to win medals were the 1928 4 × 100 metre freestyle relay quartet, who came third.[1] The South African Olympic and Empire Games Association was awarded the 1934 British Empire Games in Johannesburg but backed out when it became evident that they would have to allow a team from India to compete.[1]

South Africa first entered the Winter Olympics in 1960, and that summer's games in Rome would be its last till the end of apartheid.[1] It was not invited to the 1964 Games, and its 1968 invitation was withdrawn when other teams threatened to withdraw. The South African Olympic and National Games Association was expelled from the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1970.

The nonracial Interim National Olympic Committee of South Africa (now South African Sports Confederation and Olympic Committee) was founded in 1991 during the transition to multiracial equality and affiliated to the IOC months later. The country returned at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona.[1]

Medal tablesEdit

Medals by Summer GamesEdit

GamesGoldSilverBronzeTotal
  1904 St. Louis0000
  1908 London1102
  1912 Stockholm4206
  1920 Antwerp34310
  1924 Paris1113
  1928 Amsterdam1023
  1932 Los Angeles2035
  1936 Berlin0101
  1948 London2114
  1952 Helsinki24410
  1956 Melbourne0044
  1960 Rome0123
  1992 Barcelona0202
  1996 Atlanta3115
  2000 Sydney0235
  2004 Athens1326
  2008 Beijing0101
  2012 London4116
  2016 Rio de Janeiro26210
Totals (19 games)26312986

Medals by sportEdit

SportGoldSilverBronzeTotal
  Athletics913729
  Swimming66618
  Boxing64919
  Tennis3216
  Cycling1438
  Rowing1113
  Shooting0101
  Canoeing0011
  Rugby0011
  Triathlon0011
Totals (10 sports)26313087

List of medalistsEdit

Medal Name Games Sport Event
  Gold Reggie Walker   1908 London   Athletics Men's 100 metres
  Silver Charles Hefferon   1908 London   Athletics Men's Marathon
  Gold Ken McArthur   1912 Stockholm   Athletics Men's Marathon
  Gold Rudolph Lewis   1912 Stockholm   Cycling Men's Individual Time Trial
  Gold Harold Kitson
Charles Winslow
  1912 Stockholm   Tennis Men's Doubles Outdoor
  Gold Charles Winslow   1912 Stockholm   Tennis Men's Singles Outdoor
  Silver Christian Gitsham   1912 Stockholm   Athletics Men's Marathon
  Silver Harold Kitson   1912 Stockholm   Tennis Men's Singles Outdoor
  Gold Bevil Rudd   1920 Antwerp   Athletics Men's 400 Metres
  Gold Clarence Walker   1920 Antwerp   Boxing Men's Bantamweight
  Gold Louis Raymond   1920 Antwerp   Tennis Men's Singles
  Silver Henry Dafel
Jack Oosterlak
Clarence Oldfield
Bevil Rudd
  1920 Antwerp   Athletics Men's 400 Metres Relay
  Silver Henry Kaltenbrunn   1920 Antwerp   Cycling Men's Individual Time Trial
  Silver William Smith
James Walker
  1920 Antwerp   Cycling Men's Tandem
  Silver David Smith
Robert Bodley
Ferdinand Buchanan
Frederick Morgan
  1920 Antwerp   Shooting Men's Team 600 Metres Military Rifle
  Bronze Bevil Rudd   1920 Antwerp   Athletics Men's 800m
  Bronze James Walker
William Smith
Henry Kaltenbrunn
Harry Goosen
  1920 Antwerp   Cycling Team Pursuit
  Bronze Charles Winslow   1920 Antwerp   Tennis Men's Singles
  Gold William Smith   1924 Paris   Boxing Men's Bantamweight
  Silver Sydney Atkinson   1924 Paris   Athletics Men's 110m Hurdles
  Bronze Cecil McMaster   1924 Paris   Athletics Men's 10 Kilometer Walk
  Gold Sydney Atkinson   1928 Amsterdam   Athletics Men's 110m Hurdles
  Bronze Harry Isaacs   1928 Amsterdam   Boxing Men's Bantamweight
  Bronze Rhoda Rennie
Frederica van der Goes
Mary Bedford
Kathleen Russell
  1928 Amsterdam   Swimming Women's 4 × 100 m Freestyle Relay
  Gold Lawrence Stevens   1932 Los Angeles   Boxing Men's lightweight
  Gold David Carstens   1932 Los Angeles   Boxing Men's light-heavyweight
  Bronze Marjorie Clark   1932 Los Angeles   Athletics Women's 80m hurdles
  Bronze Ernest Peirce   1932 Los Angeles   Boxing Men's middleweight
  Bronze Jenny Maakal   1932 Los Angeles   Swimming Women's 400m freestyle
  Silver Charles Catterall   1936 Berlin   Boxing Men's featherweight
  Gold Gerald Dreyer   1948 London   Boxing Men's lightweight
  Gold George Hunter   1948 London   Boxing Men's light-heavyweight
  Silver Dennis Shepherd   1948 London   Boxing Men's featherweight
  Bronze John Arthur   1948 London   Boxing Men's heavyweight
  Gold Esther Brand   1952 Helsinki   Athletics Women's high jump
  Gold Joan Harrison   1952 Helsinki   Swimming Women's 100m backstroke
  Silver Daphne Robb-Hasenjäger   1952 Helsinki   Athletics Women's 100m
  Silver Theunis Van Schalkwyk   1952 Helsinki   Boxing Men's light-middleweight
  Silver Raymond Robinson
Thomas Shardelow
  1952 Helsinki   Cycling (Track) Men's 2000m tandem
  Silver George Estman
Robert Fowler
Thomas Shardelow
Alfred Swift
  1952 Helsinki   Cycling (Track) Men's team pursuit (4000m)
  Bronze William Toweel   1952 Helsinki   Boxing Men's flyweight
  Bronze Leonard Leisching   1952 Helsinki   Boxing Men's featherweight
  Bronze Andries Nieman   1952 Helsinki   Boxing Men's heavyweight
  Bronze Raymond Robinson   1952 Helsinki   Cycling (Track) Men's 1 km time trial
  Bronze Daniel Bekker   1956 Melbourne/Stockholm   Boxing Men's heavyweight
  Bronze Henry Loubscher   1956 Melbourne/Stockholm   Boxing Men's light-welterweight
  Bronze Alfred Swift   1956 Melbourne/Stockholm   Cycling (Track) Men's 1 km time trial
  Bronze Moira Abernethy
Jeanette Myburgh
Natalie Myburgh
Susan Elizabeth Roberts
  1956 Melbourne/Stockholm   Swimming Women's 4 × 100 m freestyle relay
  Silver Daniel Bekker   1960 Rome   Boxing Men's heavyweight
  Bronze Malcolm Clive Spence   1960 Rome   Athletics Men's 400m
  Bronze William Meyers   1960 Rome   Boxing Men's featherweight
  Silver Elana Meyer   1992 Barcelona   Athletics Women's 10,000m
  Silver Wayne Ferreira
Piet Norval
  1992 Barcelona   Tennis Men's Doubles
  Gold Josia Thugwane   1996 Atlanta   Athletics Men's marathon
  Gold Penelope Heyns   1996 Atlanta   Swimming Women's 100m breaststroke
  Gold Penelope Heyns   1996 Atlanta   Swimming Women's 200m breaststroke
  Silver Hezekiel Sepeng   1996 Atlanta   Athletics Men's 800m
  Bronze Marianne Kriel   1996 Atlanta   Swimming Women's 100m backstroke
  Silver Hestrie Cloete   2000 Sydney   Athletics Women's high jump
  Silver Terence Parkin   2000 Sydney   Swimming Men's 200m breaststroke
  Bronze Llewellyn Herbert   2000 Sydney   Athletics Men's 400m hurdles
  Bronze Frantz Kruger   2000 Sydney   Athletics Men's discus throw
  Bronze Penelope Heyns   2000 Sydney   Swimming Women's 100m breaststroke
  Gold Lyndon Ferns
Ryk Neethling
Roland Mark Schoeman
Darian Townsend
  2004 Athens   Swimming Men's 4 × 100 m freestyle relay
  Silver Mbulaeni Mulaudzi   2004 Athens   Athletics Men's 800m
  Silver Hestrie Cloete   2004 Athens   Athletics Women's high jump
  Silver Roland Mark Schoeman   2004 Athens   Swimming Men's 100m freestyle
  Bronze Donovan Cech
Ramon di Clemente
  2004 Athens   Rowing Men's coxless pair
  Bronze Roland Mark Schoeman   2004 Athens   Swimming Men's 50m freestyle
  Silver Khotso Mokoena   2008 Beijing   Athletics Men's long jump
  Gold Sizwe Ndlovu
Matthew Brittain
John Smith
James Thompson
  2012 London   Rowing Men's Lightweight Four
  Gold Cameron van der Burgh   2012 London   Swimming Men's 100m breaststroke
  Gold Chad le Clos   2012 London   Swimming Men's 200m butterfly
  Gold Caster Semenya   2012 London   Athletics Women's 800m
  Silver Chad le Clos   2012 London   Swimming Men's 100m butterfly
  Bronze Bridgitte Hartley   2012 London   Canoeing Women's K-1 500m
  Gold Wayde Van Niekerk   2016 Rio de Janeiro  Athletics Men's 400m
  Gold Caster Semenya   2016 Rio de Janeiro  Athletics Women's 800m
  Silver Chad le Clos   2016 Rio de Janeiro  Swimming Men's 200m freestyle
  Silver Shaun Keeling
Lawrence Brittain
  2016 Rio de Janeiro  Rowing Men's coxless pair
  Silver Chad le Clos   2016 Rio de Janeiro  Swimming Men's 100m butterfly
  Silver Cameron van der Burgh   2016 Rio de Janeiro  Swimming Men's 100m breaststroke
  Silver Luvo Manyonga   2016 Rio de Janeiro  Athletics Men's long jump
  Silver Sunette Viljoen   2016 Rio de Janeiro  Athletics Women's javelin throw
  Bronze Cheslin Kolbe
Juan de Jongh
Seabelo Senatla
Justin Geduld
Kyle Brown
Cecil Afrika
Kwagga Smith
Werner Kok
Rosko Specman
Philip Snyman
Dylan Sage
Francois Hougaard
Tim Agaba
  2016 Rio de Janeiro  Rugby Sevens Men's tournament
  Bronze Henri Schoeman   2016 Rio de Janeiro   Triathlon Men's Triathlon

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Laubscher, Lappe (23 August 2017). "South Africa and the Olympic Games". South African History Online. Retrieved 2019-02-11.

External linksEdit