Serbia and Montenegro at the Olympics

The former State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) was represented at the Olympic Games on six occasions between 1996 and 2006, when the union was dissolved and Montenegro and Serbia each declared full independence.

Serbia and Montenegro at the
Olympics
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.svg
IOC codeSCG
NOCOlympic Committee of Serbia and Montenegro
Medals
Gold
2
Silver
4
Bronze
3
Total
9
Summer appearances
Winter appearances
Other related appearances
 Yugoslavia (1920–1992 W)
 Independent Olympic Participants (1992 S)
 Montenegro (2008–)
 Serbia (1912, 2008–)
 Kosovo (2016–)

HistoryEdit

Yugoslavia had been represented at every Summer Olympic Games from 1920–1988, and all but two Winter Olympic Games between 1924–1988. Because of the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991 and 1992, Olympic participation changed. Newly independent Croatia and Slovenia sent their own delegations to the 1992 Winter Olympics, with Yugoslavia represented by athletes from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.[1] These would be the last Games for the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was established in April 1992, consisting of the Republic of Montenegro and the Republic of Serbia. However, United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 (adopted May 30, 1992)[2] called upon states to:

Take the necessary steps to prevent the participation in sporting events on their territory of persons or groups representing the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro);

— Paragraph 8(b)

Despite this, the International Olympic Committee decided unanimously that athletes from Serbia and Montenegro (and also Macedonia) could compete in the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. The conditions imposed were that the athletes would compete as Independent Olympic Participants (IOP), wear white clothing without distinctive signs, and use the Olympic Anthem and Olympic flag in victory ceremonies.[3] The athletes could not participate at the opening and closing ceremonies of the games. A team of 52 athletes competed in individual events, with three medals won in shooting. The restriction for individual athletes meant that the men's water polo team, the women's basketball team, and the men's and women's handball teams could not compete, despite having qualified for the Games.[4]

The continued sanctions against FR Yugoslavia meant that no athletes could qualify to compete or even to compete under the Olympic flag at the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer.[5] The sanctions were lifted in time for the next Olympiad.

At the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, the team was designated Yugoslavia, using the same IOC code (YUG) as the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1988 and previous Games.[6] despite the fact that FR Yugoslavia had not been recognized as the successor to SFRY. The team of 68 athletes participated in 13 sports and won four medals.[7] In Sydney for the 2000 Summer Olympics, the Yugoslavia[8] team participated with 111 athletes in 14 sports and won three medals.[9]

In 2003, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia reconstituted as the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, and the nation was designated Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) for the first time at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.[10] The team of 87 athletes competed in 14 sports and won two silver medals.[11]

After the Montenegrin independence referendum in 2006, the state union was dissolved and each nation declared independence. The Olympic Committee of Serbia succeeded the NOC for Serbia and Montenegro in June 2006,[12] with approval of the Assembly of the Olympic Committee of Serbia and Montenegro. The newly formed Montenegrin Olympic Committee was recognized by the IOC in July 2007.[13] At the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, Serbia returned to the Olympics for the first time in 96 years under that name, while Montenegro made its debut as an independent nation.

ParticipationEdit

Timeline of participationEdit

Date Team
1912 as part of   Austria   Serbia (SRB)
1920–1936   Kingdom of Yugoslavia (YUG)
1948–1988   SFR Yugoslavia (YUG)
1992 W   Croatia (CRO)   Slovenia (SLO)   SFR Yugoslavia (YUG)
1992 S   Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)   Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)
1994 ban on participation by the UN
1996–2006   North Macedonia (MKD)   FR Yugoslavia (YUG)/
  Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)
2008–2014   Serbia (SRB)   Montenegro (MNE)
2016–   Serbia (SRB)   Kosovo (KOS)

Medal tablesEdit

Medals by Summer GamesEdit

Medals won by the National Olympic Committee designated first with IOC code YUG then with SCG (upon the renaming of the nation, with no change in NOC territorial coverage):

Year Sports Competitors Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
  1996 Atlanta 13 68 1 1 2 4 41
  2000 Sydney 14 109 1 1 1 3 44
  2004 Athens 14 87 0 2 0 2 61
Total 2 4 3 9 88

Medals by Winter GamesEdit

Year Sports Competitors Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
  1998 Nagano 1 2 0 0 0 0
  2002 Salt Lake City 2 6 0 0 0 0
  2006 Turin 4 7 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 0

Medals by sportEdit

SportGoldSilverBronzeTotal
  Shooting1214
  Volleyball1012
  Water polo0112
  Basketball0101
Totals (4 sports)2439

List of medalistsEdit

This list includes all competitors who won Olympic medals for Serbia and Montenegro (SCG), including under its previous designation as Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY).[14]

Medal Name(s) Games Sport Event
  Gold Aleksandra Ivošev   1996 Atlanta   Shooting Women's 50m Rifle 3 Positions
  Silver   1996 Atlanta   Basketball Men's tournament
  Bronze Aleksandra Ivošev   1996 Atlanta   Shooting Women's 10m Air Rifle
  Bronze   1996 Atlanta   Volleyball Men's tournament
  Gold   2000 Sydney   Volleyball Men's tournament
  Silver Jasna Šekarić   2000 Sydney   Shooting Women's 10m Air Pistol
  Bronze   2000 Sydney   Water polo Men's tournament
  Silver Jasna Šekarić   2004 Athens   Shooting Women's 10 m air pistol
  Silver National water polo team
Aleksandar Ćirić
Vladimir Gojković
Danilo Ikodinović
Viktor Jelenić
Predrag Jokić
Nikola Kuljača
Slobodan Nikić
Aleksandar Šapić
Dejan Savić
Denis Šefik
Petar Trbojević
Vanja Udovičić
Vladimir Vujasinović
  2004 Athens   Water polo Men's competition

FlagbearersEdit

Flag bearers carry the national flag of their country at the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games.

Games Season Flagbearer Sport
  2006 Turin Winter Jelena Lolović (2) Skiing
  2004 Athens Summer Dejan Bodiroga Basketball
  2002 Salt Lake City Winter Jelena Lolović Skiing
  2000 Sydney Summer Vladimir Grbić Volleyball
  1998 Nagano Winter Marko Đorđević Alpine skiing
  1996 Atlanta Summer Igor Milanović Water polo

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Yugoslavia - 1992". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-13.[dead link]
  2. ^ "United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 (Implementing Trade Embargo on Yugoslavia)". University of Minnesota Human Rights Center. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
  3. ^ "Decisions of the 99th Session" (PDF). Olympic Review. International Olympic Committee (299): 415–416. September 1992. Retrieved 2008-08-14.
  4. ^ "Games of the XXV Olympiad - Barcelona 1992". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-14.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "XVII Games - Lillehammer 1994". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-14.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ (ed.) Watkins, Ginger T. (1997). The Official Report of the Centennial Olympic Games, Volume III The Competition Results (PDF). Atlanta: Peachtree Publishers. pp. viii–ix. ISBN 1-56145-150-9. Retrieved 2008-08-15. {{cite book}}: |author= has generic name (help)
  7. ^ "Yugoslavia - 1996". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-15.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games. (2001). "National Olympic Committees". Official Report of the XXVII Olympiad, Volume Three: Results (PDF). Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games. pp. 1–5. ISBN 0-9579616-1-8. Retrieved 2008-02-05.
  9. ^ "Yugoslavia - 2000". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-15.[dead link]
  10. ^ (ed.) Skarveli, Efharis; Zervos, Isabel (November 2005). Official Report of the XXVIII Olympiad, Volume Two: The Games (PDF). Athens 2004 Organising Committee for the Olympic Games. pp. 528–529. ISBN 960-88101-7-5. Retrieved 2008-02-05. {{cite book}}: |author= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ "Serbia and Montenegro". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-14.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Olympic Committee of Serbia". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Archived from the original on 2009-03-28. Retrieved 2008-06-10.
  13. ^ "Two new National Olympic Committees on board!". International Olympic Committee. 2007-07-06. Retrieved 2008-06-10.
  14. ^ "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-08-13.

External linksEdit