Unified Team at the Olympics
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The Unified Team (Russian: Объединённая команда) was the name used for the sports team of the former Soviet Union (except the Baltic states) at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville and the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. The IOC country code was EUN, after the French name, Équipe unifiée. The Unified Team was sometimes informally called the CIS Team (Commonwealth of Independent States, as a counterpart of CIS national football team taking part in Euro 1992 of the same year), although Georgia did not join the CIS until 1993.
|Unified Team at the|
|Other related appearances|
| Russian Empire (1900–1912)|
Estonia (1920–1936, 1992–)
Latvia (1924–1936, 1992–)
Lithuania (1924–1928, 1992–)
Soviet Union (1952–1988)
Olympic Athletes from Russia (2018)
During the Winter Olympics, the National Olympic Committees (NOCs) of the constituent countries had not yet been affiliated to the IOC due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union having only taken place little more than two months prior, so the Olympic Flag was used in place of a national flag at the Opening Ceremony and at medals ceremonies, and the Olympic Hymn was played for gold medallists. By the time of the Summer Olympics, the NOCs had affiliated separately, though they fielded a joint team with a standard uniform as Olympic qualifying rounds had been completed before the final demise of the Soviet Union. Where an EUN individual won a medal, the national flag of the medallist's nation was raised rather than the Olympic flag, and a gold medallist's national anthem was played rather than the Olympic Hymn. In team events, the EUN team continued to use the Olympic flag and the Olympic Hymn, as team members represented different nations.
The team finished runner-up in the medal table at the 1992 Winter Games, and became the top ranked team at the 1992 Summer Games, edging its old rival the US in the latter.
While only six of the EUN countries took part in the 1992 Winter Olympics, all twelve participated in the 1992 Summer Olympics. At the 1994 Winter Olympics and the 1996 Summer Olympics, the nations that were part of the Unified Team started to make their Olympic debuts as independent countries.
* Unified Team participant in Winter games.
Timeline of participationEdit
|1900–1912||Russian Empire (RU1)|
|1924–1936||Latvia (LAT)||Lithuania (LTU)|
|1952–1988||Soviet Union (URS)|
|1992||Unified Team (EUN)||Estonia (EST)||Latvia (LAT)||Lithuania (LTU)|
|1994||Armenia (ARM)||Belarus (BLR)||Georgia (GEO)||Kazakhstan (KAZ)||Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)||Moldova (MDA)||Russia (RUS)||Ukraine (UKR)||Uzbekistan (UZB)|
|1996–2016||Azerbaijan (AZE)||Tajikistan (TJK)||Turkmenistan (TKM)|
|2018||Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)|
Medals by gamesEdit
|1992 Albertville Winter Olympics||Unified Team at the 1992 Winter Olympics||9||6||8||23||2|
|1992 Barcelona Summer Olympics||Unified Team at the 1992 Summer Olympics||45||38||29||112||1|
Medals by summer sportEdit
|Totals (20 sports)||45||38||29||112|
Medals by winter sportEdit
|Cross country skiing||3||2||4||9|
|Short track speed skating||0||0||1||1|
|Totals (6 sports)||9||6||8||23|