Wrestling at the Summer Olympics

  (Redirected from Wrestling at the Olympics)

Wrestling had been contested at the Summer Olympic Games since the sport was introduced in the ancient Olympic Games in 708 BC.[1] When the modern Olympic Games resumed in Athens in 1896, wrestling (in the form of Greco-Roman wrestling) became a focus of the Games, with the exception of the 1900 Summer Olympics when wrestling did not appear on the program. Freestyle wrestling and weight classes both made their first appearance in 1904. The women's competition was introduced in 2004.

Wrestling at the Summer Olympics
Wrestling pictogram.svg
Governing bodyUWW
Events18 (men: 12; women: 6)
Games

In February 2013, the IOC voted to drop wrestling from the Summer Olympic programme, effective 2020. The president of the sport's governing body, FILA (now United World Wrestling), resigned after a subsequent motion of no confidence. Following changes in leadership, and revisions to the programme for 2016 (including rule changes and additional women's competitions), wrestling successfully campaigned to be readmitted to the Summer Olympic program.

Removal and reinstatementEdit

In an effort to control the size and costs of the Summer Olympics, and make the Games "relevant to sports fans of all generations", the IOC evaluated the Olympic event programme in place for the 2016 Summer Olympics, and voted on 25 "core" sports that would comprise the programme of the 2020 Summer Olympics. One vacancy was to be left open for a new sport. In February 2013, IOC members voted to remove wrestling from the Olympic programme; The New York Times cited several potential factors in the decision, including the lack of universally-known talent unlike other sports, and concern for the lack of women's competitions in wrestling (having only introduced women's freestyle competitions in 2004). FILA (now United World Wrestling), the governing body of Olympic wrestling, immediately criticized the decision. The organization cited wrestling's long-standing history as an Olympic event, which dates as far back as the ancient Olympic Games.[2][3][4]

The decision resulted in immediate backlash; Armen Nazaryan and Sagid Murtazaliev both returned gold medals to the IOC in protest, while Nazaryan also staged a hunger strike until the 2013 European Wrestling Championships.[5] FILA president Raphaël Martinetti resigned after a vote of non-confidence by the organization's staff.[6]

Martinetti was replaced as acting president by Nenad Lalovic. Under his leadership, the organization began to make changes to its Olympic programme for 2016, including rule changes designed to make bouts faster and encourage more aggression, as well as additional women's weight classes. These changes were intended to help improve audience interest, and address the shortcomings that likely led to the removal of the sport; wrestling joined baseball/softball, as well as squash, on a final shortlist of three sports to be included in the core Olympic programme for 2020.[2] On 8 September 2013, at the 125th IOC Session, the IOC selected wrestling to be reinstated in the Olympic program for 2020 and 2024.[7] [8] Lalović was largely credited for his role in the reinstatement; he remarked that "normally this is done in a few years, we did it in a few months. It was a question of our survival."[9][10]

EventsEdit

MenEdit

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Greco-Roman light flyweight X X X X X X X 7
Greco-Roman flyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
Greco-Roman bantamweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Greco-Roman featherweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Greco-Roman lightweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Greco-Roman welterweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
Greco-Roman middleweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Greco-Roman light heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 20
Greco-Roman heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Greco-Roman super heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
Greco-Roman open X 1
Freestyle light flyweight X X X X X X X X 8
Freestyle flyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 15
Freestyle bantamweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Freestyle featherweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Freestyle lightweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Freestyle welterweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Freestyle middleweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Freestyle light heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 18
Freestyle heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Freestyle super heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X 13
Total 1 0 7 9 5 10 13 13 14 14 16 16 16 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 16 14 14 14 12 12

WomenEdit

Event 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Freestyle flyweight X X X X X 5
Freestyle bantamweight X X X X X 5
Freestyle welterweight X X 2
Freestyle middleweight X X X X X 5
Freestyle light heavyweight X X 2
Freestyle heavyweight X X X X X 5
Total 4 4 4 6 6

Participating nationsEdit

The following nations have taken part in the wrestling competition. The numbers in the table indicate the number of competitors sent to that year's Olympics (X means qualified wrestlers for the next Olympics).

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
  Afghanistan (AFG)   7 8 5 8 8 5 1 7
  Albania (ALB)   1 1 2 3
  Algeria (ALG)   3 2 2 2 1 3 3 3 8
  American Samoa (ASA)   1 1 1 3
  Argentina (ARG)   5 8 5 2 3 4 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 1 15
  Armenia (ARM)   8 8 7 9 7 8 6
  Australia (AUS)   1 3 1 3 4 4 15 9 8 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 9 11 1 4 1 3 22
  Austria (AUT)   8 2 1 7 5 3 4 7 4 1 4 2 5 7 5 2 3 1 1 19
  Azerbaijan (AZE)   8 9 7 16 13 14 6
  Bahamas (BAH)   2 1
  Bahrain (BRN)   1 1
  Belarus (BLR)   16 14 10 9 11 7 6
  Belgium (BEL)   4 1 12 17 13 11 9 8 3 5 3 2 2 2 3 1 1 1 18
  Bohemia (BOH)   4 4 2
  Bolivia (BOL)   1 1
  Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)   1 1
  Brazil (BRA)   2 1 1 1 1 5 6
  Bulgaria (BUL)   8 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 20 11 8 13 12 9 11 15
  Cambodia (CAM)   1 1 2
  Cameroon (CMR)   6 5 4 1 1 1 3 7
  Canada (CAN)   1 1 5 5 6 5 9 4 2 4 7 9 15 13 11 13 14 4 7 10 9 8 22
  Central African Republic (CAF)   1 1
  Chile (CHI)   1 1
  China (CHN)   7 11 8 5 5 9 16 8 13 9
  Chinese Taipei (TPE)   1 4 1 3
  Colombia (COL)   1 4 1 3 1 1 3 3 5 9
  Croatia (CRO)   1 1 2 1 4
  Cuba (CUB)   3 3 7 9 10 15 15 13 12 12 12 10 12
  Cyprus (CYP)   1 1 2
  Czech Republic (CZE)   3 3 2 1 1 1 6
  Czechoslovakia (TCH)   10 9 6 2 13 3 3 5 4 6 10 5 8 9 7 15
  Denmark (DEN)   11 9 10 11 7 3 5 5 5 4 3 3 3 2 1 2 2 1 18
  Dominican Republic (DOM)   2 1 1 1 4
  East Germany (GDR)   10 17 12 9 8 5
  Ecuador (ECU)   2 1 1 2 2 5
  Egypt (EGY)   1 2 4 3 13 12 4 4 4 4 10 5 3 1 2 3 7 13 10 19
  El Salvador (ESA)   1 1 1 3
  Estonia (EST)   4 8 6 1 8 4 4 3 1 2 3 11
  Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)   1 1
  Finland (FIN)   4 37 18 24 13 10 13 15 16 10 14 10 9 10 7 8 11 12 7 5 4 2 1 2 3 25
  France (FRA)   6 17 23 13 5 10 11 10 2 9 3 4 5 5 2 8 9 9 2 3 6 9 6 2 24
  The Gambia (GAM)   3 1
  Georgia (GEO)   8 13 12 10 13 11 6
  Germany (GER) 1   1 14 6 5 14 8 17 11 10 9 7 4 7 14
  Great Britain (GBR) 1   53 12 10 14 6 2 6 16 6 4 6 6 4 6 7 6 7 7 1 1 1 1 23
  Greece (GRE) 2   1 5 2 3 2 4 5 3 2 3 5 8 9 4 5 10 5 11 10 7 18 3 2 1 25
  Guam (GUM)   1 1 1 1 1 1 6
  Guatemala (GUA)   3 5 4 1 1 1 6
  Guinea (GUI)   2 1
  Guinea-Bissau (GBS)   1 1 1 1 2 2 6
  Haiti (HAI)   1 1
  Honduras (HON)   1 1
  Hungary (HUN) 1   7 10 12 6 5 12 12 12 8 10 10 13 18 18 19 18 17 11 8 9 9 7 8 24
  Iceland (ISL)   1 1
  Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)   9 1
  India (IND)   2 3 6 4 7 5 8 4 8 6 8 7 6 1 1 7 3 5 8 19
  Indonesia (INA)   2 1
  Iran (IRI)   8 8 12 9 14 17 15 16 10 11 13 12 13 12 14
  Iraq (IRQ)   1 1 9 3 5 1 6
  Ireland (IRL)   1 1 4 2 1 5
  Israel (ISR)   2 1 2 4 1 3 3 1 8
  Italy (ITA)   1 6 8 17 5 6 10 11 14 5 16 5 5 7 8 6 7 4 5 4 2 6 2 1 2 25
  Ivory Coast (CIV)   1 1
  Japan (JPN)   1 1 7 5 5 8 16 16 15 20 20 20 20 16 12 8 13 10 13 10 20
  Jordan (JOR)   2 1
  Kazakhstan (KAZ)   11 11 12 16 15 12 6
  Kenya (KEN)   4 1
  Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)   4 6 8 5 4 7 6
  Latvia (LAT)   6 2 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 9
  Lebanon (LBN)   5 4 6 2 2 1 1 1 1 9
  Lithuania (LTU)   1 3 2 3 4 2 1 7
  Luxembourg (LUX)   2 2 3 1 2 3 4 1 8
  Macedonia (MKD)   3 2 2 1 4
  Madagascar (MAD)   1 1
  Malta (MLT)   2 2 2
  Mauritania (MTN)   2 4 2
  Mauritius (MRI)   1 1
  Mexico (MEX)   2 4 5 1 4 4 12 9 2 2 5 4 2 7 1 2 1 17
  Moldova (MDA)   6 4 2 2 2 3 6
  Mongolia (MGL)   8 8 13 13 13 9 7 4 4 6 6 8 10 13
  Morocco (MAR)   5 4 3 4 5 5 4 5 2 3 10
  Namibia (NAM)   1 1 2
  Netherlands (NED)   9 3 9 8 6 4 3 1 1 1 10
  New Zealand (NZL)   1 1 2 1 2 3 2 2 3 1 10
  Nicaragua (NCA)   1 1
  Nigeria (NGR)   1 3 6 5 4 2 1 2 4 7 10
  North Korea (PRK)   2 3 3 4 3 4 1 3 5 4 10
  Norway (NOR)   1 9 7 7 7 1 3 6 7 1 4 1 3 5 2 5 5 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 24
  Pakistan (PAK)   6 7 6 2 2 2 2 3 1 1 10
  Palau (PLW)   1 2 1 3
  Panama (PAN)   1 3 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 9
  Peru (PER)   4 2 2 1 5 1 1 1 8
  Philippines (PHI)   1 1 1 3 4 4 3 2 8
  Poland (POL)   2 4 3 5 12 5 12 18 14 20 18 13 11 9 9 9 4 8 18
  Portugal (POR)   2 1 3 4 3 3 1 1 1 1 10
  Puerto Rico (PUR)   5 3 2 4 5 1 3 2 8
  Republic of China (ROC)   1 1
  Romania (ROU)   5 7 4 7 10 12 20 19 20 10 4 11 10 5 5 8 2 5 18
  Russia (RUS)   4 11 20 16 18 18 16 17 8
  Samoa (SAM)   2 1 2
  Senegal (SEN)   4 5 3 4 4 3 2 1 1 1 2 2 12
  Serbia (SRB)   2 1 3 3
  Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)   1 1
  Slovakia (SVK)   4 4 3 2 4
  South Africa (RSA)   1 1 2 3 5 4 3 1 1 1 1 11
  South Korea (KOR)   4 1 3 4 13 8 4 11 14 19 16 15 10 9 11 9 5 17
  Soviet Union (URS)   16 16 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 9
  Spain (ESP)   4 4 1 2 3 9 10 2 3 1 1 11
  Sweden (SWE)   9 34 13 13 9 13 14 16 1 10 12 9 7 7 8 8 11 10 8 7 5 7 5 6 7 25
  Switzerland (SUI)   4 12 11 13 12 5 12 3 3 9 1 2 4 4 2 4 2 1 1 19
  Syria (SYR)   2 2 17 3 8 3 2 7
  Tajikistan (TJK)   1 4 2 4 4
  Tunisia (TUN)   2 3 3 3 4 1 3 8 4 9
  Turkey (TUR)   5 6 11 16 15 13 16 15 16 16 11 16 13 15 13 12 12 13 13 14 20
  Turkmenistan (TKM)   1 1 2
  Ukraine (UKR)   17 16 16 16 13 11 6
  Unified Team (EUN)   20 1
  United States (USA)   42 6 2 18 14 7 7 7 8 8 15 16 16 16 19 20 19 20 20 20 16 17 17 17 14 24
  United Team of Germany (EUA)   5 15 14 3
  Uzbekistan (UZB)   10 11 7 8 8 8 6
  Venezuela (VEN)   3 2 1 6 2 2 3 7 9 9
  Vietnam (VIE)   5 1 1 2 4
  Virgin Islands (ISV)   4 1
  West Germany (FRG)   11 17 15 14 17 5
  Yemen (YEM)   3 1 2
  Yugoslavia (YUG)   2 5 5 3 2 5 4 8 10 6 10 9 2 13
Nations 4 1 14 18 19 26 29 18 29 28 36 30 44 39 45 49 41 35 44 69 59 75 55 66 59 71 67
Competitors 5 42 115 170 152 229 166 79 200 207 215 167 338 270 296 388 331 266 267 429 370 401 314 342 344 344 344 288
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

All-time medal table – 1896–2016Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Soviet Union (URS)623123116
2  United States (USA)544336133
3  Japan (JPN)32201769
4  Russia (RUS)30121456
5  Turkey (TUR)29181663
6  Sweden (SWE)28273186
7  Finland (FIN)26282983
8  Hungary (HUN)19161954
9  Bulgaria (BUL)16322169
10  South Korea (KOR)11111436
11  Iran (IRI)10141943
12  Cuba (CUB)96722
13  Romania (ROU)781934
14  Italy (ITA)741021
15  Unified Team (EUN)65516
16  Poland (POL)591125
17  Estonia (EST)52411
18  Germany (GER)412925
19  Azerbaijan (AZE)471122
20  Yugoslavia (YUG)46616
21  France (FRA)441018
22  Switzerland (SUI)44614
23  Canada (CAN)37717
24  Ukraine (UKR)35614
25  Georgia (GEO)341017
  Great Britain (GBR)341017
27  North Korea (PRK)32510
28  China (CHN)23611
29  Armenia (ARM)2338
30  East Germany (GDR)2327
  Egypt (EGY)2327
32  Uzbekistan (UZB)2237
33  Norway (NOR)2226
34  Czechoslovakia (TCH)17715
35  Kazakhstan (KAZ)151016
36  United Team of Germany (EUA)1539
37  West Germany (FRG)1449
38  Greece (GRE)13711
39  Serbia (SRB)1001
40  Belarus (BLR)05611
41  Mongolia (MGL)0459
42  Denmark (DEN)0369
43  Belgium (BEL)0303
  Russian Empire (RU1)0303
45  India (IND)0145
46  Australia (AUS)0123
  Lebanon (LIB)0123
48  Lithuania (LTU)0112
49  Latvia (LAT)0101
  Mexico (MEX)0101
  Slovakia (SVK)0101
  Syria (SYR)0101
  Tajikistan (TJK)0101
54  Austria (AUT)0022
  Colombia (COL)0022
56  Czech Republic (CZE)0011
  Macedonia (MKD)0011
  Moldova (MDA)0011
  Pakistan (PAK)0011
  Tunisia (TUN)0011
Totals (60 nations)4094084591276

All-time medal table – Greco-Roman – 1896–2016Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Soviet Union (URS)34161060
2  Sweden (SWE)20172158
3  Finland (FIN)18211958
4  Hungary (HUN)16121139
5  Russia (RUS)123722
6  Turkey (TUR)116724
7  Bulgaria (BUL)914932
8  Cuba (CUB)75214
9  South Korea (KOR)72716
10  Romania (ROU)681327
11  Italy (ITA)64919
12  Poland (POL)58720
13  Germany (GER)410620
14  Japan (JPN)46313
15  United States (USA)36615
16  Yugoslavia (YUG)35412
17  Unified Team (EUN)3339
18  Estonia (EST)3148
19  Iran (IRI)3137
20  Egypt (EGY)2327
21  France (FRA)2259
22  Armenia (ARM)2237
23  Norway (NOR)2125
24  East Germany (GDR)2114
25  Czechoslovakia (TCH)16411
26  Greece (GRE)1359
27  West Germany (FRG)1315
28  Georgia (GEO)1247
29  Azerbaijan (AZE)1236
30  Kazakhstan (KAZ)1225
  Ukraine (UKR)1225
32  Uzbekistan (UZB)1012
33  Serbia (SRB)1001
34  United Team of Germany (EUA)0437
35  Denmark (DEN)0369
36  Russian Empire (RU1)0303
37  Belarus (BLR)0257
38  China (CHN)0145
39  Lebanon (LIB)0123
40  Lithuania (LTU)0112
41  Latvia (LAT)0101
  Mexico (MEX)0101
43  Austria (AUT)0011
  Czech Republic (CZE)0011
  Moldova (MDA)0011
  North Korea (PRK)0011
  Switzerland (SUI)0011
Totals (47 nations)193194212599

All-time medal table – Freestyle – 1904–2016Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA)513730118
2  Soviet Union (URS)28151356
3  Japan (JPN)28141456
4  Turkey (TUR)1812939
5  Russia (RUS)189734
6  Sweden (SWE)8101028
7  Finland (FIN)871025
8  Bulgaria (BUL)7181237
9  Iran (IRI)7131636
10  South Korea (KOR)49720
11  Switzerland (SUI)44513
12  Canada (CAN)37717
13  Azerbaijan (AZE)35816
14  Great Britain (GBR)341017
15  Hungary (HUN)34815
16  North Korea (PRK)3249
17  Unified Team (EUN)3227
18  Ukraine (UKR)2349
19  Georgia (GEO)22610
20  France (FRA)2259
21  China (CHN)2226
22  Cuba (CUB)2158
23  Estonia (EST)2103
24  Uzbekistan (UZB)1225
25  Yugoslavia (YUG)1124
26  United Team of Germany (EUA)1102
27  Romania (ROU)1067
28  Italy (ITA)1012
29  Mongolia (MGL)0459
30  Kazakhstan (KAZ)03811
31  Belarus (BLR)0314
32  Belgium (BEL)0303
33  Germany (GER)0235
34  East Germany (GDR)0213
35  India (IND)0145
  Poland (POL)0145
37  Czechoslovakia (TCH)0134
  West Germany (FRG)0134
39  Australia (AUS)0123
40  Armenia (ARM)0101
  Norway (NOR)0101
  Slovakia (SVK)0101
  Syria (SYR)0101
  Tajikistan (TJK)0101
45  Colombia (COL)0022
  Greece (GRE)0022
47  Austria (AUT)0011
  Macedonia (MKD)0011
  Pakistan (PAK)0011
  Tunisia (TUN)0011
Totals (50 nations)216214247677

Source: Wrestling Freestyle Olympics Medal Table at olympicmedals.com

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Equipment and History".
  2. ^ a b Hamilton, Tracee (2013-09-08). "Wrestling, IOC make right moves in getting sport back on 2020 Olympics program". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
  3. ^ Longman, Jeré (2013-02-12). "Olympics Moves to Drop Wrestling in 2020". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
  4. ^ "Wrestling to be dropped from 2020 Olympic Games". BBC Sport.
  5. ^ "Bulgaria wrestling coach Armen Nazaryan on hunger strike". BBC Sport. 2013-03-04. Retrieved 2018-05-26.
  6. ^ "International Wresting President forced to quit after Olympic shock". Inside the Games. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
  7. ^ "Wrestling, baseball/softball and squash shortlisted by IOC for 2020 as five fail to make cut".
  8. ^ "Wrestling added to Olympic programme for 2020 and 2024 Games". IOC. 8 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  9. ^ KAROLOS GROHMANN (8 September 2013). "Wrestling wins vote and will be part of 2020 Tokyo Olympics". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 8 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  10. ^ "Wrestling gets reinstated for 2020 Olympics". Retrieved 2016-08-15.