Water polo at the Summer Olympics

  (Redirected from Water polo at the Olympics)

Water polo has been part of the Summer Olympics program since the second games, in 1900. A women's water polo tournament was introduced for the 2000 Summer Olympics. Hungary has been the most successful country in men's tournament, while the United States is the only team to win multiple times at the women's tournament since its introduction.

Water polo at the Summer Olympics
Water polo pictogram.svg
Governing bodyFINA
Events2 (men: 1; women: 1)
Games
Note: demonstration or exhibition sport years indicated in italics

HistoryEdit

The history of water polo as a team sport began in mid 19th century England and Scotland, where water sports were a feature of county fairs and festivals.[1][2] Water polo has been included in every Summer Olympic Games as a men's competition sport, except 1896. Women's water polo made its debut in the Summer Olympics in 2000. Water polo is now popular in many countries around the world, notably Europe (particularly in Croatia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Spain), Australia, Brazil, Canada and the United States.

BeginningsEdit

 
Water polo final at the 1908 London Olympics

Men's water polo was among the first team sports introduced at the modern Olympic games in 1900. Seven European teams from four countries, including four from the host nation France, took part in the competition. The British team was the inaugural champion.

At the 1904 Summer Olympics, a water polo tournament was contested, but only American contestants participated. Currently International Olympic Committee (IOC) consider water polo event as part of unofficial program in 1904.

From 1908 to 1920, the British water polo team won three gold medals at the Olympics, becoming the first and only team to win four consecutive Olympic gold medals in water polo.

Hungary dominanceEdit

Hungary men's national water polo team has participated in 22 of 27 Olympic tournaments, with fifteen Olympic medals (nine gold, three silver and three bronze). From 1928 to 1980, the Hungarians won twelve consecutive medals in water polo. Twenty years later, the team won three Olympic gold medals in a row between 2000 and 2008, becoming the second water polo team to win three consecutive Olympic gold medals.

Blood in the Water matchEdit

The most famous water polo match in Olympic history often refers to as the Blood in the Water match, was a 1956 Summer Olympics semi-final match between Hungary and the Soviet Union, played in Melbourne on 6 December 1956. As the athletes left for the games, the Hungarian revolution began, and the Soviet army crushed the uprising. The match was bloody and violent. The Hungarians defeated the Soviets 4–0 before the game was called off in the final minute to prevent angry Hungarians in the crowd reacting to Soviet player Valentin Prokopov punching Hungarian player Ervin Zador. Pictures of Zádor's injuries were published around the world, leading to the "Blood in the Water" moniker.[3]

The Hungarians went on to win the Olympic gold medal by defeating Yugoslavia 2–1 in the final.

Addition of women's programEdit

Women's water polo became an Olympic sport at the 2000 Sydney Olympics. Six nations competed in the women’s tournament with home team Australia winning the gold medal over the United States.

From 2000 to 2016, the United States women's team won five consecutive medals in water polo.

VenuesEdit

 
Tokyo Tatsumi International Swimming Center will be used at the 2020 Olympics in water polo.

For the Summer Olympics, there are 34 venues that have been or will be used for water polo.

The Seine in Paris hosted the first water polo competitions at the 1900 Olympics. The Forest Park in St. Louis hosted the water polo events for the 1904 Summer Olympics.

The first water polo venue not located on a river or a lake took place at the 1908 London Olympics. It was not until the 1920 Olympics that a separate venue was created for the aquatic venues. The 1948 Games was the first Olympics in water polo took place both indoor and in more than one venue. The first separate water polo venue that was not connected to other aquatic venues was at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics.

The Water Polo Arena of the 2012 London Olympics was the first dedicated water polo venue to be built for an Olympics, the structure was taken down after the games.

Source: Official Reports; Official Results Books.

EventsEdit

Notes
The X indicates that the tournament was held on the appropriate olympic game
The bullet () denotes that it was contested as a demonstration sport.
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Games
Men's tournament X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 27
Women's tournament X X X X X X 6
Total 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2

RulesEdit

QualificationEdit

Since 2012, the qualifying process consists of five stages:

  1. The team of the host nation qualifies automatically.
  2. No more than one team qualifies as the top team in the FINA World League.
  3. No more than three teams qualify as the top teams in the World Aquatics Championships.
  4. No more than five teams qualify as the continental Olympic qualification tournament champions.
  5. No more than four teams qualify through a world qualifying tournament, in which the best teams which did not qualify directly from each continent compete for the remaining berths.
Men's qualification
Stage Zone Tournament Berths
2012 2016 2020
1 Host nation 1 (from
Europe)
1 (from
Americas)
1 (from
Asia)
2 World – FINA FINA Water Polo World League 1 1   1  
3 World – FINA World Aquatics Championships 3 2   2  
4 Africa – CANA African Continental Selection 0 0   1  
Americas – ASUA Pan American Games 1 1   1  
Asia – AASF Asian Water Polo Championship 1 1   1  
Europe – LEN European Water Polo Championship 0 1   1  
Oceania – OSA Oceanian Continental Selection 1 1   1  
5 World – FINA World Qualification Tournament 4 4   3  
Total 12   12   12  
Women's qualification
Stage Zone Tournament Berths
2012 2016 2020
1 Host nation 1 (from
Europe)
1 (from
Americas)
1 (from
Asia)
2 World – FINA FINA Water Polo World League 0 0   1  
3 World – FINA World Aquatics Championships 0 0   1  
4 Africa – CANA African Continental Selection 0 0   1  
Americas – ASUA Pan American Games 1 0   1  
Asia – AASF Asian Water Polo Championship 1 1   1  
Europe – LEN European Water Polo Championship 0 1   1  
Oceania – OSA Oceanian Continental Selection 1 1   1  
5 World – FINA World Qualification Tournament 4 4   2  
Total 8 8   10  

PlayersEdit

EligibilityEdit

According to the FINA General Rules[4], the list below shows the requirements for a player to be eligible to play in international tournaments:

  • "GR 1.1: All competitors shall be registered with their National Federation to be eligible to compete."
  • "GR 2.5: When a competitor or competition official represents his/her country in a competition, he/she shall be a citizen, whether by birth or naturalisation, of the nation he/she represents, provided that a naturalised citizen shall have lived in that country for at least one year prior to that competition. Competitors, who have more than one nationality according to the laws of the respective nations must choose one 'Sport Nationality'. This choice shall be exercised by the first representation of the competitor for one of the countries."
  • "GR 2.6: Any competitor or competition official changing his sport nationality from one national governing body to another must have resided in the territory of and been under the jurisdiction of the latter for at least twelve months prior to his first representation for the country."

Competition formatEdit

For both the men's and women's tournaments at the 2020 Olympics, the competition consists of a round-robin group stage followed by a knockout stage. Teams are placed into two groups, with each team playing each other team in its group once. Teams earn 2 points for a win, 1 point for a draw, and 0 points for a loss. The top four teams in each group advance to the knockout rounds. The knockout rounds are a single-elimination tournament consisting of quarterfinals, semifinals, and the gold and bronze medal matches.

Matches consist of four quarters of eight minutes each. During the knockout rounds, if the score is tied after four quarters (32 minutes), penalty shootouts, which is 5 rounds, plus extra rounds if tied, are used to determine the winner.

Men's tournament
Year Number of teams Competition format
1900 7 teams Single-elimination tournament
1904 3 teams  
1908 4 teams  
1920 12 teams   Single-elimination tournament; Bergvall system for second- and third-place
1924 13 teams  
1928 14 teams   Single-elimination tournament; Bergvall system for third-place
1932 5 teams   Round-robin tournament
1936 16 teams   Series of round-robin elimination pools, followed by round-robin semi-final pools, and then round-robin final pools
1948 18 teams  
1952 21 teams   Preliminary single-elimination tournament qualifying, followed by several series of round-robin pools
1956 10 teams   Round-robin pools advanced teams to the round-robin final pool
1960 16 teams  
1964 13 teams  
1968 15 teams   Round-robin pools advanced teams to classification matches
1972 16 teams   Round-robin pools advanced teams to the round-robin final pool
1976 12 teams  
1980–1984 12 teams  
1988–2020 12 teams   Round-robin pools advanced teams to classification matches
Year Number of teams Competition format
Women's tournament
Year Number of teams Competition format
2000 6 teams Round-robin pools advanced teams to classification matches
2004 8 teams  
2008–2016 8 teams  
2020 10 teams  

Source: Official Reports; Official Results Books; Sports Reference website.

Game rulesEdit

Maximum number of players per teamEdit

Men's tournament
Maximum number of players
1900–1904 1908–1980 1984–2016 2020–
In the playing area of the pool during an Olympic match 7 7   7   7  
During an Olympic match 11 11   13   12[5]  
During an Olympic tournament 11 11   13   13[5]  
per club per nation per nation per nation
Women's tournament
Maximum number of players
2000–2016 2020–
In the playing area of the pool during an Olympic match 7 7  
During an Olympic match 13 12[5]  
During an Olympic tournament 13 13[5]  
per nation per nation

Source: Official Reports; Official Results Books.

Anti-dopingEdit

The FINA follows the World Anti-Doping Agency's (WADA) regulations on performance-enhancing drugs. According to the WADA, a positive in-competition test results in disqualification of the player and a suspension that varies based on the number of offences. When a player tests positive, the rest of their team is subjected to testing; another positive test can result in a disqualification of the entire team.[6][7][8][9]

Men's tournamentsEdit

Results summaryEdit

Year[10] Hosts Gold medal game Bronze medal game Number of teams
Gold Score Silver Bronze Score 4th place
1900
Details
 
Paris
 
Great Britain

(Osborne Swimming Club)
7–2  
Belgium
(Brussels Swimming and Water Polo Club)
 
France
(Libellule de Paris)
 
France
(Pupilles de Neptune de Lille #2)
[a] 8
1904
Details
 
St. Louis
Water polo was a demonstration sport Water polo was a demonstration sport
1908
Details
 
London
 
Great Britain
9–2  
Belgium
 
Sweden
[b]  
Netherlands
4
1912
Details
 
Stockholm
 
Great Britain
8–0  
Sweden
 
Belgium
5–4  
Austria
6
1920
Details
 
Antwerp
 
Great Britain
3–2  
Belgium
 
Sweden
5–0  
United States
12
1924
Details
 
Paris
 
France
3–0  
Belgium
 
United States
3–2  
Sweden
13
1928
Details
 
Amsterdam
 
Germany
5–2  
Hungary
 
France
8–1  
Great Britain
14
1932
Details
 
Los Angeles
 
Hungary
Round-robin  
Germany
 
United States
Round-robin  
Japan
5
1936
Details
 
Berlin
 
Hungary
Round-robin  
Germany
 
Belgium
Round-robin  
France
16
1948
Details
 
London
 
Italy
Round-robin  
Hungary
 
Netherlands
Round-robin  
Belgium
18
1952
Details
 
Helsinki
 
Hungary
Round-robin  
Yugoslavia
 
Italy
Round-robin  
United States
21
1956
Details
 
Melbourne
 
Hungary
Round-robin  
Yugoslavia
 
Soviet Union
Round-robin  
Italy
10
1960
Details
 
Rome
 
Italy
Round-robin  
Soviet Union
 
Hungary
Round-robin  
Yugoslavia
16
1964
Details
 
Tokyo
 
Hungary
Round-robin  
Yugoslavia
 
Soviet Union
Round-robin  
Italy
13
1968
Details
 
Mexico City
 
Yugoslavia
13–11 (aet)  
Soviet Union
 
Hungary
9–4  
Italy
15
1972
Details
 
Munich
 
Soviet Union
Round-robin  
Hungary
 
United States
Round-robin  
West Germany
16
1976
Details
 
Montreal
 
Hungary
Round-robin  
Italy
 
Netherlands
Round-robin  
Romania
12
1980
Details
 
Moscow
 
Soviet Union
Round-robin  
Yugoslavia
 
Hungary
Round-robin  
Spain
12
1984
Details
 
Los Angeles
 
Yugoslavia
Round-robin  
United States
 
West Germany
Round-robin  
Spain
12
1988
Details
 
Seoul
 
Yugoslavia
9–7 (aet)  
United States
 
Soviet Union
14–13  
West Germany
12
1992
Details
 
Barcelona
 
Italy
9–8 (aet)  
Spain
 
Unified Team
8–4  
United States
12
1996
Details
 
Atlanta
 
Spain
7–5  
Croatia
 
Italy
20–18 (aet)  
Hungary
12
2000
Details
 
Sydney
 
Hungary
13–6  
Russia
 
FR Yugoslavia[c]
8–3  
Spain
12
2004
Details
 
Athens
 
Hungary
8–7  
Serbia and Montenegro
 
Russia
6–5  
Greece
12
2008
Details
 
Beijing
 
Hungary
14–10  
United States
 
Serbia
6–4  
Montenegro
12
2012
Details
 
London
 
Croatia
8–6  
Italy
 
Serbia
12–11  
Montenegro
12
2016
Details
 
Rio
 
Serbia
11–7  
Croatia
 
Italy
12–10  
Montenegro
12
2020
Details
 
Tokyo
12

Confederation statisticsEdit

Best performances by tournamentEdit

This is a summary of the best performances of each confederation in each tournament.[10]

Note: italic number in header means demonstration tournament was held.

Confederation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20
Africa – CANA 7th 10th 9th 12th 15th 12th Q
Americas – ASUA 4th 3rd 7th 3rd 9th 10th 4th 5th 7th 9th 5th 3rd 7th 5th 2nd 2nd 4th 7th 6th 7th 2nd 8th 10th Q
Asia – AASF 4th 14th 12th 21st 10th 14th 11th 12th 15th 12th 9th 11th 9th 11th 12th 11th 12th Q
Europe – LEN 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st Q
Oceania – OSA 18th 19th 9th 15th 10th 12th 11th 7th 5th 8th 5th 8th 9th 8th 7th 9th Q
Nations 4 4 6 12 13 14 5 16 18 21 10 16 13 15 16 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12

All-time best performancesEdit

This is a summary of the best performances of each confederation at the Olympics.[10]

Legend
  • *Host team
  • Defunct team
Confederation Best performance Team
Africa – CANA 7th   Egypt (1948)
Americas – ASUA 2nd   United States (1984, 1988, 2008)
Asia – AASF 4th   Japan (1932)
Europe – LEN 1st   Croatia (2012),   France (1924*),   Germany (1928),   Great Britain (1900, 1908*, 1912, 1920),   Hungary (1932, 1936, 1952, 1956, 1964, 1976, 2000, 2004, 2008),   Italy (1948, 1960*, 1992),   Serbia (2016),   Soviet Union (1972, 1980*),   Spain (1996),   Yugoslavia (1968, 1984, 1988)
Oceania – OSA 5th   Australia (1984, 1992)

Team statisticsEdit

Participating teamsEdit

Note: Numbers refer to the final placing of each team at the respective Games; italic number in header means demonstration tournament was held.

Legend
  •  1  – Winners
  •  2  – Runners-up
  •  3  – Third place
  •  4  – Fourth place
  •     – Hosts
  • = – More than one team tied for that rank
  • Q – Qualified for forthcoming tournament
  • Defunct team
Africa – CANA (2 teams)
Team[10] 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 years
  Egypt 7 10 13 12 15 12 6
  South Africa 14 9 Q 2
Americas – ASUA (8 teams)
Team[10] 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 years
  Argentina 13 10 16 11 4
  Brazil 6 5 9 12 13 13 12 8 8
  Canada 16 9 10 11 4
  Chile 17 1
  Cuba 8 9 7 5 8 5
  Mexico 18 11 13 10 4
  United States 4 3 7 3 9 11 4 5 7 9 5 3 2 2 4 7 6 7 2 8 10 Q 21
  Uruguay 13 16 2
Asia – AASF (7 teams)
Team[10] 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 years
  China 9 11 12 3
  India 12 21 2
  Iran 12 1
  Japan 4 14 14 11 12 15 11 12 Q 8
  Kazakhstan 9 11 11 Q 3
  Singapore 10 1
  South Korea 12 1
Europe – LEN (33 teams)
Team[10] 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 years
  Austria 4 7 13 3
  Belgium 2 2 3 2 2 6 3 4 6 16 7 11
  Bulgaria 11 12 2
  Croatia 2 7 10 6 1 2 6
  Czechoslovakia 12 6 10 11 12 Defunct 5
  East Germany 6 Merged with West Germany 1
  France 3[d] 6 9 1 3 4 6 10 10 11 11 11
  Germany =5 1 2 2 See East Germany and West Germany 7 9 5 10 8
  Great Britain 1 1 1 1 8 4 8 13 12 7 12 11
  Greece 8 13 15 14 14 10 8 9 10 6 10 4 7 9 6 15
  Hungary 5 5 2 1 1 2 1 1 3 1 3 2 1 3 5 6 4 1 1 1 5 5 Q 22
Team 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 years
  Iceland 15 1
  Ireland 9 14 2
  Italy 10 11 1 3 4 1 4 4 6 2 8 7 7 1 3 5 8 9 2 3 Q 20
  Luxembourg 11 1
  Malta 8 16 2
  Montenegro 4 4 4 3
  Netherlands 4 5 7 5 5 3 5 8 8 7 7 3 6 6 9 10 11 17
  Portugal 20 1
  Romania 17 8 5 5 8 4 9 11 10 9
  Russia 5 2 3 3
  Serbia 3 3 1 Q 3
  Serbia and Montenegro 2 Defunct 1
Team 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 years
  Slovakia 12 1
  Soviet Union 7 3 2 3 2 1 8 1 3 Defunct 9
  Spain 7 10 9 8 8 9 10 4 4 6 2 1 4 6 5 6 7 Q 17
  Sweden 3 2 3 4 6 5 11 11 8
   Switzerland 11 12 12 12 14 5
  Ukraine 12 1
  Unified Team 3 Defunct 1
  West Germany 15 6 6 6 10 4 6 3 4 See Germany 9
  Yugoslavia 10 9 2 2 4 2 1 5 5 2 1 1 Defunct 12
  FR Yugoslavia 8 3 Defunct 2
Oceania – OSA (1 team)
Team[10] 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 years
  Australia 18 19 9 15 10 12 11 7 5 8 5 8 9 8 7 9 Q 16
Total teams 4 4 6 12 13 14 5 16 18 21 10 16 13 15 16 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12

Debut of teamsEdit

Legend
  • *Host team
  • Defunct team
Year Debuting teams Number Cumulative total
1900   Belgium,   France*,   Germany,   Great Britain 4 4
1908   Netherlands,   Sweden 2 6
1912   Austria,   Hungary 2 8
1920   Brazil,   Czechoslovakia,   Greece,   Italy,   Spain,    Switzerland,   United States 7 15
1924   Ireland 1 16
1928   Argentina,   Luxembourg,   Malta 3 19
1932   Japan 1 20
1936   Iceland,   Uruguay,   Yugoslavia 3 23
1948   Australia,   Chile,   Egypt,   India 4 27
1952   Mexico,   Portugal,   Romania,   South Africa,   Soviet Union,   West Germany 6 33
1956   Singapore 1 34
1960 No debuts 0 34
1964 No debuts 0 34
1968   Cuba,   East Germany 2 36
1972   Bulgaria,   Canada 2 38
1976   Iran 1 39
1980 No debuts 0 39
1984   China 1 40
1988   South Korea* 1 41
1992   Unified Team 1 42
1996   Croatia,   Russia,   Ukraine,   FR Yugoslavia 4 46
2000   Kazakhstan,   Slovakia 2 48
2004   Serbia and Montenegro 1 49
2008   Montenegro,   Serbia 2 51
2012 No debuts 0 51
2016 No debuts 0 51
2020

Finishes in the top fourEdit

The following table is pre-sorted by total finishes in the top four (in descending order), number of Olympic gold medals (in descending order), number of Olympic silver medals (in descending order), number of Olympic bronze medals (in descending order), name of the team (in ascending order), respectively.

Legend
  • *Host team
  • Defunct team
Rk Team Total Winners Runners-up Third place Fourth place First
year
Last
year
1   Hungary 16 9 (1932, 1936, 1952, 1956, 1964, 1976, 2000, 2004, 2008) 3 (1928, 1948, 1972) 3 (1960, 1968, 1980) 1 (1996) 1928 2008
2   Italy 13 3 (1948, 1960*, 1992) 2 (1976, 2012) 3 (1952, 1996, 2016) 3 (1956, 1964, 1968) 1948 2016
3   United States 9 3 (1984*, 1988, 2008) 3 (1924, 1932*, 1972) 3 (1920, 1952, 1992) 1920 2008
4   Yugoslavia 8 3 (1968, 1984, 1988) 4 (1952, 1956, 1964, 1980) 1 (1960) 1952 1988
5   Soviet Union 7 2 (1972, 1980*) 2 (1960, 1968) 3 (1956, 1964, 1988) 1956 1988
6   Belgium 7 4 (1900, 1908, 1920*, 1924) 2 (1912, 1936) 1 (1948) 1900 1948
7   Great Britain 5 4 (1900, 1908*, 1912, 1920) 1 (1928) 1900 1928
8   Spain 5 1 (1996) 1 (1992*) 3 (1980, 1984, 2000) 1980 2000
9   France 5 1 (1924*) 3 (1900*×2[a], 1928) 1 (1936) 1900 1936
10   Sweden 4 1 (1912*) 2 (1908, 1920) 1 (1924) 1908 1924
11   Croatia 3 1 (2012) 2 (1996, 2016) 1996 2016
  Germany 1 (1928) 2 (1932, 1936*) 1928 1936
13   Serbia 3 1 (2016) 2 (2008, 2012) 2008 2016
14   Netherlands 3 2 (1948, 1976) 1 (1908) 1908 1976
15   West Germany 3 1 (1984) 2 (1972*, 1988) 1972 1988
16   Montenegro 3 3 (2008, 2012, 2016) 2008 2016
17   Russia 2 1 (2000) 1 (2004) 2000 2004
18   Serbia and Montenegro 1 1 (2004) 2004 2004
19   FR Yugoslavia 1 1 (2000) 2000 2000
  Unified Team 1 (1992) 1992 1992
21   Austria 1 1 (1912) 1912 1912
  Greece 1 (2004*) 2004 2004
  Japan 1 (1932) 1932 1932
  Romania 1 (1976) 1976 1976
Rk Team Total Winners Runners-up Third place Fourth place First
year
Last
year

Team recordsEdit

Teams having equal quantities in the tables below are ordered by the tournament the quantity was attained in (the teams that attained the quantity first are listed first). If the quantity was attained by more than one team in the same tournament, these teams are ordered alphabetically.

Tournament positions

Most titles won
9,   Hungary (1932, 1936, 1952, 1956, 1964, 1976, 2000, 2004, 2008).
Most finishes in the top two
12,   Hungary (1928, 1932, 1936, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1964, 1972, 1976, 2000, 2004, 2008).
Most finishes in the top three
15,   Hungary (1928, 1932, 1936, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 2000, 2004, 2008).
Most finishes in the top four
16,   Hungary (1928, 1932, 1936, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008).
Most appearances
22,   Hungary (1912, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016).

Consecutive

Most consecutive medals
12,   Hungary (1928–32–36–48–52–56–60–64–68–72–76–80).
Most consecutive golds
4,   Great Britain (1900–08–12–20).
Most consecutive silvers
2,   Belgium (1920–24);   Germany (1932–36);   Yugoslavia (1952–56);   United States (1984–88).
Most consecutive bronzes
2,   Serbia (2008–12).
Most consecutive finishes in the top four
12,   Hungary (1928–32–36–48–52–56–60–64–68–72–76–80).
Most consecutive appearances
18,   Italy (1948–52–56–60–64–68–72–76–80–84–88–92–96–2000–04–08–12–16).

Gaps

Longest gap between successive titles
24 years,   Hungary (1976–2000).
Longest gap between successive appearances in the top two
24 years,   Hungary (1976–2000).
Longest gap between successive appearances in the top three
40 years,   United States (1932–1972).
Longest gap between successive appearances in the top four
40 years,   Netherlands (1908–1948).
Longest gap between successive appearances
56 years,   Czechoslovakia (1936–1992).

Host team

Best finish by host team
Champion:   Great Britain (1908);   France (1924);   Italy (1960);   Soviet Union (1980).

Other

Most finishes in the top two without ever being champion
4,   Belgium (1900, 1908, 1920, 1924).
Most finishes in the top three without ever being champion
6,   Belgium (1900, 1908, 1912, 1920, 1924, 1936);   United States (1924, 1932, 1972, 1984, 1988, 2008).
Most finishes in the top four without ever being champion
9,   United States (1920, 1924, 1932, 1952, 1972, 1984, 1988, 1992, 2008).
Most finishes in the top four without ever being medaled
3,   Montenegro (2008, 2012, 2016).

Medal tableEdit

The following table is pre-sorted by number of Olympic gold medals (in descending order), number of Olympic silver medals (in descending order), number of Olympic bronze medals (in descending order), name of the team (in ascending order), respectively.

Legend
  • Defunct team
RankTeamGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Hungary93315
2  Great Britain4004
3  Yugoslavia3407
4  Italy3238
5  Soviet Union2237
6  Croatia1203
  Germany1203
8  Spain1102
9  France[a]1034
10  Serbia1023
11  Belgium0426
12  United States0336
13  Sweden0123
14  Russia0112
15  Serbia and Montenegro0101
16  Netherlands0022
17  FR Yugoslavia0011
  Unified Team0011
  West Germany0011
Totals (19 teams)26262779

Player statisticsEdit

(C) Captain App Appearance Ref Reference Rk Rank
L/R Handedness Pos Playing position FP Field player GK Goalkeeper

Age recordsEdit

Record Age of first
Olympic match
Player Date of birth Men's team Pos Date of first
Olympic match
Ref
Youngest male Olympian 14 years, 133 days Alfonso Tusell 11 April 1906   Spain FP 22 August 1920 [11]
Oldest Olympic debutant 42 years, 303 days Alexandr Polukhin 15 October 1961   Kazakhstan GK 13 August 2004 [12]
Record Age of last
Olympic match
Player Date of birth Men's team Pos Date of last
Olympic match
Ref
Oldest male Olympian 45 years, 169 days Charles Smith 26 January 1879   Great Britain GK 13 July 1924 [13]

Multiple appearances (five-time Olympians)Edit

 
Manuel Estiarte of Spain is the only water polo player to compete at six Olympics.

The following table is pre-sorted by number of Olympic appearances (in descending order), date of the last Olympic appearance (in ascending order), date of the first Olympic appearance (in ascending order), date of birth (in ascending order), name of the player (in ascending order), respectively.

Fourteen athletes competed in water polo at five or more Olympic Games between 1900 and 2016 inclusive. Paul Radmilovic, representing Great Britain, is the first water polo player to compete at five Olympics (1908–1928).[14]

Four athletes (Manuel Estiarte, Salvador Gómez, Jesús Rollán and Jordi Sans) were all members of the Spain men's national water polo team (1988–2000). Manuel Estiarte is the first and only water polo player (man or woman) to compete at six Olympic Games (1980–2000).[15] Jesús Rollán is the first water polo goalkeeper (man or woman) to compete at five Olympics (1984–2004).[16]

Italian goalkeeper Stefano Tempesti competed at five Olympics between 2000 and 2016.[17]

Legend
  •     – Hosts
Male athletes who competed in water polo at five or more Olympics
App Player Birth Height Men's team Pos Water polo tournament Period
(age of
first/last)
Medals Ref
G S B T
6 Manuel Estiarte 1961 1.78 m
(5 ft 10 in)
  Spain FP 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 20 years
(18/38)
1 1 0 2 [15]
5 Paul Radmilovic 1886 1.80 m
(5 ft 11 in)
  Great Britain FP 1908 1912 1920 1924 1928 Does not appear 20 years
(22/42)
3 0 0 3 [14]
Dezső Gyarmati 1927 1.86 m
(6 ft 1 in)
  Hungary FP 1948 1952 1956 1960 1964 Does not appear 16 years
(20/36)
3 1 1 5 [18]
Gianni De Magistris 1950 1.85 m
(6 ft 1 in)
  Italy FP 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 Does not appear 16 years
(17/33)
0 1 0 1 [19]
Jordi Sans 1965 1.80 m
(5 ft 11 in)
  Spain FP 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 Does not appear 16 years
(18/35)
1 1 0 2 [20]
George Mavrotas 1967 1.75 m
(5 ft 9 in)
  Greece FP 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 Does not appear 16 years
(17/33)
0 0 0 0 [21]
Salvador Gómez 1968 1.94 m
(6 ft 4 in)
  Spain FP 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 Does not appear 16 years
(20/36)
1 1 0 2 [22]
Jesús Rollán 1968 1.87 m
(6 ft 2 in)
  Spain GK 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 Does not appear 16 years
(20/36)
1 1 0 2 [16]
Tibor Benedek 1972 1.90 m
(6 ft 3 in)
  Hungary FP 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 Does not appear 16 years
(20/36)
3 0 0 3 [23]
Igor Hinić 1975 2.02 m
(6 ft 8 in)
  Croatia FP 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 Does not appear 16 years
(20/36)
1 1 0 2 [24]
Tamás Kásás 1976 2.00 m
(6 ft 7 in)
  Hungary FP 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 Does not appear 16 years
(20/36)
3 0 0 3 [25]
Georgios Afroudakis 1976 1.94 m
(6 ft 4 in)
  Greece FP 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 Does not appear 16 years
(19/35)
0 0 0 0 [26]
Stefano Tempesti 1979 2.05 m
(6 ft 9 in)
  Italy GK 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016 Does not appear 16 years
(21/37)
0 1 1 2 [17]
Tony Azevedo 1981 1.85 m
(6 ft 1 in)
  United States FP 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016 Does not appear 16 years
(18/34)
0 1 0 1 [27]
App Player Birth Height Men's team Pos Water polo tournament Period
(age of
first/last)
G S B T Ref
Medals

Multiple medalistsEdit

The following table is pre-sorted by total number of Olympic medals (in descending order), number of Olympic gold medals (in descending order), number of Olympic silver medals (in descending order), date of receiving the last Olympic medal (in ascending order), date of receiving the first Olympic medal (in ascending order), name of the player (in ascending order), respectively.

Eight male athletes won four or more Olympic medals in water polo. Aside from Belgian player Joseph Pletinckx who won medals before World War II[28], all were members of the Hungary men's national water polo team. Dezső Gyarmati is the first and only athlete (man or woman) to win five Olympic medals in water polo (three gold, one silver and one bronze).[18]

Legend
  •     – Hosts
Male athletes who won four or more Olympic medals in water polo
Rk Player Birth Height Men's team Pos Water polo tournament Period
(age of
first/last)
Medals Ref
G S B T
1 Dezső Gyarmati 1927 1.86 m
(6 ft 1 in)
  Hungary FP 1948 1952 1956 1960 1964 16 years
(20/36)
3 1 1 5 [18]
2 György Kárpáti 1935 1.67 m
(5 ft 6 in)
  Hungary FP 1952 1956 1960 1964 Does not appear 12 years
(17/29)
3 0 1 4 [29]
3 László Jeney 1923 1.81 m
(5 ft 11 in)
  Hungary GK 1948 1952 1956 1960 Does not appear 12 years
(25/37)
2 1 1 4 [30]
4 Mihály Mayer 1933 1.85 m
(6 ft 1 in)
  Hungary FP 1956 1960 1964 1968 Does not appear 12 years
(22/34)
2 0 2 4 [31]
5 András Bodnár 1942 1.80 m
(5 ft 11 in)
  Hungary FP 1960 1964 1968 1972 Does not appear 12 years
(18/30)
1 1 2 4 [32]
Endre Molnár 1945 1.85 m
(6 ft 1 in)
  Hungary GK 1968 1972 1976 1980 Does not appear 12 years
(23/34)
1 1 2 4 [33]
István Szívós Jr. 1948 2.02 m
(6 ft 8 in)
  Hungary FP 1968 1972 1976 1980 Does not appear 12 years
(20/32)
1 1 2 4 [34]
8 Joseph Pletinckx 1888   Belgium FP 1908 1912 1920 1924 Does not appear 16 years
(20/36)
0 3 1 4 [28]
Rk Player Birth Height Men's team Pos Water polo tournament Period
(age of
first/last)
G S B T Ref
Medals

Multiple gold medalistsEdit

 
Paul Radmilovic, representing Great Britain, won three gold medals in water polo at the 1908, 1912 and 1920 Olympics.

The following table is pre-sorted by number of Olympic gold medals (in descending order), number of Olympic silver medals (in descending order), number of Olympic bronze medals (in descending order), date of receiving the last Olympic gold medal (in ascending order), date of receiving the first Olympic gold medal (in ascending order), name of the player (in ascending order), respectively.

Ten athletes won three or more Olympic gold medals in water polo. Six players (Tibor Benedek, Péter Biros, Tamás Kásás, Gergely Kiss, Tamás Molnár and Zoltán Szécsi) were all members of the Hungary men's national water polo team that won three consecutive Olympic gold medals in 2000, 2004 and 2008.

Legend
  •     – Hosts
Male athletes who won three or more Olympic gold medals in water polo
Rk Player Birth Height Men's team Pos Water polo tournament Period
(age of
first/last)
Medals Ref
G S B T
1 Dezső Gyarmati 1927 1.86 m
(6 ft 1 in)
  Hungary FP 1948 1952 1956 1960 1964 16 years
(20/36)
3 1 1 5 [18]
2 György Kárpáti 1935 1.67 m
(5 ft 6 in)
  Hungary FP 1952 1956 1960 1964 Does not appear 12 years
(17/29)
3 0 1 4 [29]
3 Paul Radmilovic 1886 1.80 m
(5 ft 11 in)
  Great Britain FP 1908 1912 1920 1924 1928 20 years
(22/42)
3 0 0 3 [14]
Charles Smith 1879 1.86 m
(6 ft 1 in)
  Great Britain GK 1908 1912 1920 1924 Does not appear 16 years
(29/45)
3 0 0 3 [13]
Tibor Benedek 1972 1.90 m
(6 ft 3 in)
  Hungary FP 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 16 years
(20/36)
3 0 0 3 [23]
Péter Biros 1976 1.96 m
(6 ft 5 in)
  Hungary FP 2000 2004 2008 2012 Does not appear 12 years
(24/36)
3 0 0 3 [35]
Tamás Kásás 1976 2.00 m
(6 ft 7 in)
  Hungary FP 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 16 years
(20/36)
3 0 0 3 [25]
Gergely Kiss 1977 1.98 m
(6 ft 6 in)
  Hungary FP 2000 2004 2008 2012 Does not appear 12 years
(22/34)
3 0 0 3 [36]
Tamás Molnár 1975 1.93 m
(6 ft 4 in)
  Hungary FP 2000 2004 2008 Does not appear Does not appear 8 years
(25/33)
3 0 0 3 [37]
Zoltán Szécsi 1977 1.98 m
(6 ft 6 in)
  Hungary GK 2000 2004 2008 2012 Does not appear 12 years
(22/34)
3 0 0 3 [38]
Rk Player Birth Height Men's team Pos Water polo tournament Period
(age of
first/last)
G S B T Ref
Medals

Top goalscorers by tournamentEdit

 
Aleksandar Šapić was the top goalscorer at the 2000 and 2004 Olympics.

The following table is pre-sorted by edition of the Olympics (in ascending order), number of matches played (in ascending order), name of the player (in ascending order), respectively.

Spaniard Manuel Estiarte holds the record for the most goals scored by a water polo player in a single Olympic tournament, scoring 34 goals at the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics. At 18 years old, he made his Olympic debut at the 1980 Moscow Olympics, where he was the top goalscorer with 21 goals. He was also the top goalscorer at the 1988 Seoul Olympics, with 27 goals.[15]

Estiarte and Hungrian Tibor Benedek were the joint top goalscorers at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, with 22 goals. Benedek was the top goalscorer at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, with 19 goals.[23]

Aleksandar Šapić, representing FR Yugoslavia, was the top goalscorer at the 2000 Sydney Olympics, with 18 goals. Four years later, he scored 18 goals for Serbia and Montenegro, becoming the top goalscorer at the 2004 Athens Olympics.[39]

33-year-old Alessandro Calcaterra of Italy was the top goalscorer at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, with 27 goals.[40]

Filip Filipović scored 19 goals at the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Olympics, helping the Serbian team win the gold medal.[41]

Tibor Benedek and Filip Filipović are both left-handed players.

Legend
  •     – Host team
Top male goalscorers by tournament
Year Player Birth Age Height L/R Goals Matches
played
Goals
per
match
Men's team Finish Ref
1976 Tamás Faragó 1952 23 1.94 m
(6 ft 4 in)
Right 22 8 2.750   Hungary 1st of 12
teams
[42]
1980 Manuel Estiarte 1961 18 1.78 m
(5 ft 10 in)
Right 21 8 2.625   Spain 4th of 12
teams
[15]
1984 Manuel Estiarte (C) 1961 22 1.78 m
(5 ft 10 in)
Right 34 7 4.857   Spain 4th of 12
teams
[15]
1988 Manuel Estiarte (C) 1961 26 1.78 m
(5 ft 10 in)
Right 27 7 3.857   Spain 6th of 12
teams
[15]
1992 Tibor Benedek 1972 20 1.90 m
(6 ft 3 in)
Left 22 7 3.143   Hungary 6th of 12
teams
[23]
Manuel Estiarte (C) 1961 30 1.78 m
(5 ft 10 in)
Right 7 3.143   Spain 2nd of 12
teams
[15]
1996 Tibor Benedek 1972 24 1.90 m
(6 ft 3 in)
Left 19 8 2.375   Hungary 4th of 12
teams
[23]
2000 Aleksandar Šapić 1978 22 1.88 m
(6 ft 2 in)
Right 18 8 2.250   FR Yugoslavia 3rd of 12
teams
[39]
2004 Aleksandar Šapić 1978 26 1.88 m
(6 ft 2 in)
Right 18 8 2.250   Serbia and Montenegro 2nd of 12
teams
[39]
2008 Alessandro Calcaterra (C) 1975 33 1.87 m
(6 ft 2 in)
Right 27 8 3.375   Italy 9th of 12
teams
[40]
2012 Andrija Prlainović 1987 25 1.87 m
(6 ft 2 in)
Right 22 8 2.750   Serbia 3rd of 12
teams
[43]
2016 Filip Filipović 1987 29 1.96 m
(6 ft 5 in)
Left 19 8 2.375   Serbia 1st of 12
teams
[41]
Guillermo Molina (C) 1984 32 1.95 m
(6 ft 5 in)
Right 8 2.375   Spain 7th of 12
teams
[44]
Year Player Birth Age Height L/R Goals Matches
played
Goals
per
match
Men's team Finish Ref

Source:

  • Official Reports (PDF): 1976 (p. 497), 1980 (p. 510), 1984 (p. 534), 1988 (pp. 590–598), 1992 (pp. 386–400), 1996 (pp. 56–73);
  • Official Results Books (PDF): 2000 (pp. 45–92), 2004 (p. 184), 2008 (p. 179), 2012 (p. 466), 2016 (p. 100).

All-time top goalscorersEdit

 
Gianni De Magistris of Italy scored 59 goals at five Olympics (1968–1984).

The following table is pre-sorted by number of total goals (in descending order), number of total Olympic matches played (in ascending order), date of the last Olympic match played (in ascending order), date of the first Olympic match played (in ascending order), name of the player (in ascending order), respectively.

Six-time Olympian Manuel Estiarte holds the record for the most goals scored by a water polo player in Olympic history, with 127 goals, far more than any other player. At his first three Olympics (1980–1988), Estiarte scored 82 goals.[15]

Hungarian left-hander Tibor Benedek scored 65 goals at five Olympics (1992–2008),[23] and his teammate Tamás Kásás scored 56 goals (1996–2012).[25]

Aleksandar Šapić, representing FR Yugoslavia in 1996 and 2000, Serbia and Montenegro in 2004, and Serbia in 2008, scored 64 goals in 32 matches.[39]

Tony Azevedo of the United States holds the record for the most goals scored by a non-European water polo player in Olympic history, with 61 goals at five Olympics (2000–2016).[27]

Gianni De Magistris is the top scorer for the Italy men's Olympic water polo team, with 59 goals.[19]

Legend
  •     – Hosts
All-time top male goalscorers with at least 50 goals at the Olympics
Rk Player Birth Height L/R Men's team Total
goals
Total
matches
played
Goals
per
match
Tournament
(goals)
Period
(age of
first/last)
Medals Ref
G S B T
1 Manuel Estiarte 1961 1.78 m
(5 ft 10 in)
Right   Spain 127 45 2.822 1980
(21)
1984
(34)
1988
(27)
1992
(22)
1996
(13)
2000
(10)
20 years
(18/38)
1 1 0 2 [15]
2 Tibor Benedek 1972 1.90 m
(6 ft 3 in)
Left   Hungary 65 37 1.757 1992
(22)
1996
(19)
2000
(9)
2004
(5)
2008
(10)
Does not appear 16 years
(20/36)
3 0 0 3 [23]
3 Aleksandar Šapić 1978 1.88 m
(6 ft 2 in)
Right   FR Yugoslavia 64 32 2.000 1996
(8)
2000
(18)
Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 12 years
(18/30)
0 1 2 3 [39]
  Serbia and Montenegro Does not appear Does not appear 2004
(18)
Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear
  Serbia Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 2008
(20)
Does not appear Does not appear
4 Tony Azevedo 1981 1.85 m
(6 ft 1 in)
Right   United States 61 35 1.743 2000
(13)
2004
(15)
2008
(17)
2012
(11)
2016
(5)
Does not appear 16 years
(18/34)
0 1 0 1 [27]
5 Gianni De Magistris 1950 1.85 m
(6 ft 1 in)
Right   Italy 59 40 1.475 1968
(6)
1972
(11)
1976
(11)
1980
(20)
1984
(11)
Does not appear 16 years
(17/33)
0 1 0 1 [19]
6 Tamás Kásás 1976 2.00 m
(6 ft 7 in)
Right   Hungary 56 38 1.474 1996
(13)
2000
(12)
2004
(14)
2008
(8)
2012
(9)
Does not appear 16 years
(20/36)
3 0 0 3 [25]

Source: Official Reports; Official Results Books.

Top goalkeepers by tournamentEdit

 
Slobodan Soro, representing Brazil, saved 81 shots at the 2016 Rio Olympics.

The following table is pre-sorted by edition of the Olympics (in ascending order), number of matches played (in ascending order), name of the goalkeeper (in ascending order), respectively.

Stefano Tempesti of Italy holds the record for the most saves by a water polo goalkeeper in a single Olympic tournament, blocking 87 shots in the 2012 edition, and helping the Italian team win the Olympic silver medal. He saved 83 shots at the 2008 Olympics. [17]

Legend
  •     – Host team
Top male goalkeepers by tournament (statistics since 1996)
Year Goalkeeper Birth Age Height Saves Matches
played
Saves
per
match
Men's team Finish Ref
1996 Arie van de Bunt 1969 27 1.85 m
(6 ft 1 in)
81 8 10.125   Netherlands 10th of 12
teams
[45]
2000 Dan Hackett 1970 30 1.98 m
(6 ft 6 in)
67 8 8.375   United States 6th of 12
teams
[46]
2004 Nikolay Maksimov 1972 31 1.90 m
(6 ft 3 in)
62 8 7.750   Russia 3rd of 12
teams
[47]
2008 Stefano Tempesti 1979 29 2.05 m
(6 ft 9 in)
83 8 10.375   Italy 9th of 12
teams
[17]
2012 Stefano Tempesti (C) 1979 33 2.05 m
(6 ft 9 in)
87 8 10.875   Italy 2nd of 12
teams
[17]
2016 Slobodan Soro 1978 37 1.96 m
(6 ft 5 in)
81 8 10.125   Brazil 8th of 12
teams
[48]

Source:

Top goalkeepers with the most savesEdit

 
Italian goalkeeper Stefano Tempesti saved 295 shots at five Olympics (2000–2016).

The following table is pre-sorted by number of total saves (in descending order), number of total Olympic matches played (in ascending order), date of the last Olympic match played (in ascending order), date of the first Olympic match played (in ascending order), name of the goalkeeper (in ascending order), respectively.

Five-time Olympian Stefano Tempesti holds the record for the most shots saved by a water polo goalkeeper at the Olympics since 1996, with 295 saves.[17]

Nikolay Maksimov, representing Russia, saved 178 shots at three Olympics (1996–2004). Eight years later, he represented Kazakhstan at the 2012 London Olympics, blocking 50 shots.[47]

Slobodan Soro, representing Serbia in 2008 and 2012, saved 132 shots. He was a member of the Brazil men's national team that competed at the 2016 Rio Olympics, blocking 81 shots.[48]

Legend
  •     – Hosts
Top male goalkeepers with at least 200 saves at the Olympics (statistics since 1996)
Rk Goalkeeper Birth Height Men's team Total
saves
Total
matches
played
Saves
per
match
Tournament
(saves)
Period
(age of
first/last)
Medals Ref
G S B T
1 Stefano Tempesti 1979 2.05 m
(6 ft 9 in)
  Italy 295 34 8.676 2000
(24)
2004
(50)
2008
(83)
2012
(87)
2016
(51)
16 years
(21/37)
0 1 1 2 [17]
2 Nikolay Maksimov 1972 1.90 m
(6 ft 3 in)
  Russia 228 26 8.769 1996
(58)
2000
(58)
2004
(62)
Does not appear Does not appear 16 years
(23/39)
0 1 1 2 [47]
  Kazakhstan Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 2012
(50)
3 Slobodan Soro 1978 1.96 m
(6 ft 5 in)
  Serbia 213 24 8.875 2008
(57)
2012
(75)
Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 8 years
(29/37)
0 0 2 2 [48]
  Brazil Does not appear Does not appear 2016
(81)
Does not appear Does not appear

Source:

Top sprinters by tournamentEdit

 
Pietro Figlioli, representing Australia then Italy, was the (joint) top sprinter in 2004, 2008 and 2012.

The following table is pre-sorted by edition of the Olympics (in ascending order), number of matches played (in ascending order), name of the sprinter (in ascending order), respectively.

Sprinters are usually the fastest swimmers of the water polo team. If a water polo player won an Olympic medal in swimming, he would be an outstanding sprinter.

Brad Schumacher is the latest example. He won two gold medals for the United States at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics: in the men's 4×100 meter freestyle relay and men's 4×200 meter freestyle relay. At the 2000 Sydney Olympics, he was the top sprinter of the men's water polo tournament.[49]

Pietro Figlioli was the top sprinter in 2004 and 2008, representing Australia. Four years later, he was a member of the Italy men's national team that competed at the 2012 London Olympics. He was the joint top sprinter in 2012.[50]

Rhys Howden of Australia was another joint top sprinter in 2012. He was also the top sprinter at the 2016 Rio Olympics.[51]

Top male sprinters by tournament (statistics since 2000)
Year Sprinter Birth Age Height Sprints
won
Matches
played
Sp won
per
match
Men's team Finish Olympic medal in swimming Ref
2000 Brad Schumacher 1974 26 1.93 m
(6 ft 4 in)
20 8 2.500   United States 6th of 12
teams
1996 – Men's 4×100m freestyle relay  
1996 – Men's 4×200m freestyle relay  
[49]
2004 Pietro Figlioli 1984 20 1.91 m
(6 ft 3 in)
24 8 3.000   Australia 9th of 12
teams
[50]
2008 Pietro Figlioli 1984 24 1.91 m
(6 ft 3 in)
21 7 3.000   Australia 8th of 12
teams
[50]
2012 Pietro Figlioli 1984 28 1.91 m
(6 ft 3 in)
19 8 2.375   Italy 2nd of 12
teams
[50]
Rhys Howden 1987 25 1.89 m
(6 ft 2 in)
8 2.375   Australia 7th of 12
teams
[51]
2016 Rhys Howden 1987 29 1.89 m
(6 ft 2 in)
18 5 3.600   Australia 9th of 12
teams
[51]

Source:

Top sprinters with the most sprints wonEdit

The following table is pre-sorted by number of total sprints won (in descending order), number of total Olympic matches played (in ascending order), date of the last Olympic match played (in ascending order), date of the first Olympic match played (in ascending order), name of the sprinter (in ascending order), respectively.

Pietro Figlioli holds the record for the most sprints won by a water polo player at the Olympics since 2000, with 78 sprints won at four Olympics (2004–2016).[50]

Top male sprinters with at least 50 sprints won at the Olympics (statistics since 2000)
Rk Sprinter Birth Height Men's team Total
Sprints
won
Total
matches
played
Sp won
per
match
Tournament
(sprints won)
Period
(age of
first/last)
Medals Ref
G S B T
1 Pietro Figlioli 1984 1.91 m
(6 ft 3 in)
  Australia 78 31 2.516 2004
(24)
2008
(21)
Does not appear Does not appear 12 years
(20/32)
0 1 1 2 [50]
  Italy Does not appear Does not appear 2012
(19)
2016
(14)

Source:

Coach statisticsEdit

Ref Reference Rk Rank

Most successful coachesEdit

 
Ratko Rudić coached three men's national teams to four Olympic gold medals (Yugoslavia in 1984 and 1988, Italy in 1992 and Croatia in 2012).

The following table is pre-sorted by total number of Olympic medals (in descending order), number of Olympic gold medals (in descending order), number of Olympic silver medals (in descending order), date of the last Olympic appearance (in ascending order), date of the first Olympic appearance (in ascending order), name of the coach (in ascending order), respectively.

Ratko Rudić is the most successful water polo coach in Olympic history. As a head coach, he led three men's national water polo teams to win four Olympic gold medals and one Olympic bronze medal. He guided Yugoslavia men's national team to two consecutive Olympic gold medals in 1984 and 1988, Italy men's national team to an Olympic gold medal in 1992 and an Olympic bronze medal in 1996, and Croatia men's national team to an Olympic gold medal in 2012, making him the first and only coach to lead three different men's national water polo teams to the Olympic titles.[52][53]

Dénes Kemény of Hungary is another coach who led men's national water polo team(s) to win three Olympic gold medals. He guided Hungary men's national team to three Olympic gold medals in a row between 2000 and 2008.[54]

Béla Rajki coached the Hungary men's national team to two consecutive Olympic gold medals in 1952 and 1956, and an Olympic silver medal in 1972.[55]

Boris Popov led Soviet Union men's national team to win an Olympic gold medals in 1980 and an Olympic bronze medal in 1988. Four years later, he coached the Unified Team to win another Olympic bronze medal.[56]

Legend
  •     – Hosts
Head coaches who led men's national teams to win three or more Olympic medals
Rk Head coach Nationality Birth Age Men's team Tournament
(finish)
Period Medals Ref
G S B T
1 Ratko Rudić   Yugoslavia 1948 36–40   Yugoslavia 1984
(1st)
1988
(1st)
Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 32
years
4 0 1 5 [57]
[52]
[53]
  Croatia 44–52   Italy Does not appear Does not appear 1992
(1st)
1996
(3rd)
2000
(5th)
Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear
56   United States Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 2004
(7th)
Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear
60–64   Croatia Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 2008
(6th)
2012
(1st)
Does not appear
68   Brazil Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 2016
(8th)
2 Dénes Kemény   Hungary 1954 46–58   Hungary 2000
(1st)
2004
(1st)
2008
(1st)
2012
(5th)
Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 12
years
3 0 0 3 [54]
3 Béla Rajki   Hungary 1909 43–47, 63   Hungary 1952
(1st)
1956
(1st)
Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 1972
(2nd)
Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 20
years
2 1 0 3 [55]
4 Boris Popov   Soviet Union 1941 39, 47   Soviet Union 1980
(1st)
Does not appear 1988
(3rd)
Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 12
years
1 0 2 3 [58]
[56]
  Russia 51   Unified Team Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 1992
(3rd)
Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear

Women's tournamentsEdit

Results summaryEdit

Year[10] Hosts Gold medal game Bronze medal game Number of teams
Gold Score Silver Bronze Score 4th place
2000
Details
 
Sydney
 
Australia
4–3  
United States
 
Russia
4–3  
Netherlands
6
2004
Details
 
Athens
 
Italy
10–9 (aet)  
Greece
 
United States
6–5  
Australia
8
2008
Details
 
Beijing
 
Netherlands
9–8  
United States
 
Australia
9–9 (aet)
(3–2) (ps)
 
Hungary
8
2012
Details
 
London
 
United States
8–5  
Spain
 
Australia
13–11 (aet)  
Hungary
8
2016
Details
 
Rio
 
United States
12–5  
Italy
 
Russia
12–12
(7–6) (ps)
 
Hungary
8
2020
Details
 
Tokyo
10

Confederation statisticsEdit

Best performances by tournamentEdit

This is a summary of the best performances of each confederation in each tournament.[10]

Confederation 00 04 08 12 16 20
Africa – CANA Q
Americas – ASUA 2nd 3rd 2nd 1st 1st Q
Asia – AASF 6th 8th 5th 5th 7th Q
Europe – LEN 3rd 1st 1st 2nd 2nd Q
Oceania – OSA 1st 4th 3rd 3rd 6th Q
Nations 6 8 8 8 8 10

All-time best performancesEdit

This is a summary of the best performances of each confederation at the Olympics.[10]

Legend
  • *Host team
Confederation Best performance Team
Africa – CANA
Americas – ASUA 1st   United States (2012, 2016)
Asia – AASF 5th   China (2008*, 2012)
Europe – LEN 1st   Italy (2004),   Netherlands (2008)
Oceania – OSA 1st   Australia (2000*)

Team statisticsEdit

Participating teamsEdit

Note: Numbers refer to the final placing of each team at the respective Games.

Legend
  • 1st – Winners
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • 4th – Fourth place
  •     – Hosts
  • Q – Qualified for forthcoming tournament
Team[10] 00
 
04
 
08
 
12
 
16
 
20
 
Years
Africa – CANA (1 team)
  South Africa Q 0
Americas – ASUA (3 teams)
  Brazil 8th 1
  Canada 5th 7th Q 2
  United States 2nd 3rd 2nd 1st 1st Q 5
Asia – AASF (3 teams)
  China 5th 5th 7th Q 3
  Japan Q 0
  Kazakhstan 6th 8th 2
Team[10] 00
 
04
 
08
 
12
 
16
 
20
 
Years
Europe – LEN (7 teams)
  Great Britain 8th 1
  Greece 2nd 8th 2
  Hungary 6th 4th 4th 4th 4
  Italy 1st 6th 7th 2nd 4
  Netherlands 4th 1st 2
  Russia 3rd 5th 7th 6th 3rd Q 5
  Spain 2nd 5th Q 2
Oceania – OSA (1 team)
  Australia 1st 4th 3rd 3rd 6th Q 5
Total teams 6 8 8 8 8 10

Debut of teamsEdit

Legend
  • *Host team
Year Debuting teams Number Cumulative total
2000   Australia*,   Canada,   Kazakhstan,   Netherlands,   Russia,   United States 6 6
2004   Greece*,   Hungary,   Italy 3 9
2008   China* 1 10
2012   Great Britain*,   Spain 2 12
2016   Brazil* 1 13
2020

Finishes in the top fourEdit

The following table is pre-sorted by total finishes in the top four (in descending order), number of Olympic gold medals (in descending order), number of Olympic silver medals (in descending order), number of Olympic bronze medals (in descending order), name of the team (in ascending order), respectively.

Legend
  • *Host team
Rk Team Total Winners Runners-up Third place Fourth place First
year
Last
year
1   United States 5 2 (2012, 2016) 2 (2000, 2008) 1 (2004) 2000 2016
2   Australia 4 1 (2000*) 2 (2008, 2012) 1 (2004) 2000 2012
3   Hungary 3 3 (2008, 2012, 2016) 2008 2016
4   Italy 2 1 (2004) 1 (2016) 2004 2016
5   Netherlands 2 1 (2008) 1 (2000) 2000 2008
6   Russia 2 2 (2000, 2016) 2000 2016
7   Greece 1 1 (2004*) 2004 2004
  Spain 1 (2012) 2012 2012

Team recordsEdit

Teams having equal quantities in the tables below are ordered by the tournament the quantity was attained in (the teams that attained the quantity first are listed first). If the quantity was attained by more than one team in the same tournament, these teams are ordered alphabetically.

Tournament positions

Most titles won
2,   United States (2012, 2016).
Most finishes in the top two
4,   United States (2000, 2008, 2012, 2016).
Most finishes in the top three
5,   United States (2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016).
Most finishes in the top four
5,   United States (2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016).
Most appearances
5,   Australia (2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016);   Russia (2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016);   United States (2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016).

Consecutive

Most consecutive medals
5,   United States (2000–04–08–12–16).
Most consecutive golds
2,   United States (2012–16).
Most consecutive silvers
None.
Most consecutive bronzes
2,   Australia (2008–12).
Most consecutive finishes in the top four
5,   United States (2000–04–08–12–16).
Most consecutive appearances
5,   Australia (2000–04–08–12–16);   Russia (2000–04–08–12–16);   United States (2000–04–08–12–16).

Gaps

Longest gap between successive titles
None.
Longest gap between successive appearances in the top two
12 years,   Italy (2004–2016).
Longest gap between successive appearances in the top three
16 years,   Russia (2000–2016).
Longest gap between successive appearances in the top four
16 years,   Russia (2000–2016).
Longest gap between successive appearances
8 years,   Netherlands (2000–2008).

Host team

Best finish by host team
Champion:   Australia (2000).

Other

Most finishes in the top two without ever being champion
1,   Greece (2004);   Spain (2012).
Most finishes in the top three without ever being champion
2,   Russia (2000, 2016).
Most finishes in the top four without ever being champion
3,   Hungary (2008, 2012, 2016).
Most finishes in the top four without ever being medaled
3,   Hungary (2008, 2012, 2016).

Medal tableEdit

The following table is pre-sorted by number of Olympic gold medals (in descending order), number of Olympic silver medals (in descending order), number of Olympic bronze medals (in descending order), name of the team (in ascending order), respectively.

RankTeamGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States2215
2  Italy1102
3  Australia1023
4  Netherlands1001
5  Greece0101
  Spain0101
7  Russia0022
Totals (7 teams)55515

Player statisticsEdit

(C) Captain App Appearance Ref Reference Rk Rank
L/R Handedness Pos Playing position FP Field player GK Goalkeeper

Age recordsEdit

Legend
  •     – Host team
Record Age of first
Olympic match
Player Date of birth Women's team Pos Date of first
Olympic match
Ref
Youngest female Olympian 16 years, 104 days Paula Leitón 27 April 2000   Spain FP 9 August 2016 [59]
Oldest Olympic debutante 41 years, 150 days Camila Pedrosa 12 March 1975   Brazil FP 9 August 2016 [60]
Record Age of last
Olympic match
Player Date of birth Women's team Pos Date of last
Olympic match
Ref
Oldest female Olympian 41 years, 160 days Camila Pedrosa 12 March 1975   Brazil FP 19 August 2016 [60]

Multiple appearances (four-time Olympians)Edit

The following table is pre-sorted by number of Olympic appearances (in descending order), date of the last Olympic appearance (in ascending order), date of the first Olympic appearance (in ascending order), name of the player (in ascending order), respectively.

Four female athletes competed in water polo at four or more Olympic Games between 2000 and 2016 inclusive.

Female athletes who competed in water polo at four or more Olympics
App Player Birth Height Women's team Pos Water polo tournament Period
(age of
first/last)
Medals Ref
G S B T
4 Heather Petri 1978 1.80 m
(5 ft 11 in)
  United States FP 2000 2004 2008 2012 12 years
(22/34)
1 2 1 4 [61]
Sofia Konukh 1980 1.73 m
(5 ft 8 in)
  Russia FP 2000 2004 2008 2012 12 years
(20/32)
0 0 1 1 [62]
Brenda Villa 1980 1.63 m
(5 ft 4 in)
  United States FP 2000 2004 2008 2012 12 years
(20/32)
1 2 1 4 [63]
Tania Di Mario 1979 1.68 m
(5 ft 6 in)
  Italy FP 2004 2008 2012 2016 12 years
(25/37)
1 1 0 2 [64]

Multiple medalistsEdit

The following table is pre-sorted by total number of Olympic medals (in descending order), number of Olympic gold medals (in descending order), number of Olympic silver medals (in descending order), date of receiving the last Olympic medal (in ascending order), date of receiving the first Olympic medal (in ascending order), name of the player (in ascending order), respectively.

Three female athletes won three or more Olympic medals in water polo. Heather Petri and Brenda Villa, both representing the United States, are the only two female athletes to win four Olympic medals in water polo.[61][63]

Female athletes who won three or more Olympic medals in water polo
Rk Player Birth Height Women's team Pos Water polo tournament Period
(age of
first/last)
Medals Ref
G S B T
1 Heather Petri 1978 1.80 m
(5 ft 11 in)
  United States FP 2000 2004 2008 2012 12 years
(22/34)
1 2 1 4 [61]
Brenda Villa 1980 1.63 m
(5 ft 4 in)
  United States FP 2000 2004 2008 2012 12 years
(20/32)
1 2 1 4 [63]
3 Kami Craig 1987 1.81 m
(5 ft 11 in)
  United States FP 2008 2012 2016 Does not appear 8 years
(21/29)
2 1 0 3 [65]

Multiple gold medalistsEdit

The following table is pre-sorted by number of Olympic gold medals (in descending order), number of Olympic silver medals (in descending order), number of Olympic bronze medals (in descending order), date of receiving the last Olympic gold medal (in ascending order), date of receiving the first Olympic gold medal (in ascending order), name of the player (in ascending order), respectively.

Four female athletes won two or more Olympic gold medals in water polo. They were all members of the United States women's national water polo team that won two consecutive Olympic gold medals in 2012 and 2016.

Female athletes who won two or more Olympic gold medals in water polo
Rk Player Birth Height Women's team Pos Water polo tournament Period
(age of
first/last)
Medals Ref
G S B T
1 Kami Craig 1987 1.81 m
(5 ft 11 in)
  United States FP 2008 2012 2016 8 years
(21/29)
2 1 0 3 [65]
2 Courtney Mathewson 1986 1.71 m
(5 ft 7 in)
  United States FP 2012 2016 Does not appear 4 years
(25/29)
2 0 0 2 [66]
Melissa Seidemann 1990 1.83 m
(6 ft 0 in)
  United States FP 2012 2016 Does not appear 4 years
(22/26)
2 0 0 2 [67]
Maggie Steffens 1993 1.75 m
(5 ft 9 in)
  United States FP 2012 2016 Does not appear 4 years
(19/23)
2 0 0 2 [68]

Top goalscorers by tournamentEdit

 
Daniëlle de Bruijn of the Netherlands was the joint top goalscorer at the 2000 Olympics, and the top goalscorer at the 2008 Olympics.

The following table is pre-sorted by edition of the Olympics (in ascending order), number of matches played (in ascending order), name of the player (in ascending order), respectively.

Maggie Steffens of the United States holds the record for the most goals scored by a female water polo player in a single Olympic tournament, scoring 21 goals in the 2012 edition. She was also the top goalscorer at the 2016 Olympics, with 17 goals.[68]

Dutch left-hander Daniëlle de Bruijn was the joint top goalscorer at the 2000 Olympics, with 11 goals. Eight years later she scored 17 goals, including seven goals in the gold medal match, becoming the top goalscorer at the 2008 Olympics, and helping the Dutch team win the Olympics.[69]

Legend
  •     – Host team
Top female goalscorers by tournament
Year Player Birth Age Height L/R Goals Matches
played
Goals
per
match
Women's team Finish Ref
2000 Daniëlle de Bruijn 1978 22 1.72 m
(5 ft 8 in)
Left 11 7 1.571   Netherlands 4th of 6
teams
[69]
Bridgette Gusterson (C) 1973 27 1.80 m
(5 ft 11 in)
Right 7 1.571   Australia 1st of 6
teams
[70]
Sofia Konukh 1980 20 1.73 m
(5 ft 8 in)
Right 7 1.571   Russia 3rd of 6
teams
[62]
2004 Tania Di Mario 1979 25 1.68 m
(5 ft 6 in)
Right 14 6 2.333   Italy 1st of 8
teams
[64]
2008 Daniëlle de Bruijn 1978 30 1.72 m
(5 ft 8 in)
Left 17 6 2.833   Netherlands 1st of 8
teams
[69]
2012 Maggie Steffens 1993 19 1.75 m
(5 ft 9 in)
Right 21 6 3.500   United States 1st of 8
teams
[68]
2016 Maggie Steffens (C) 1993 23 1.75 m
(5 ft 9 in)
Right 17 6 2.833   United States 1st of 8
teams
[68]

Source:

All-time top goalscorersEdit

The following table is pre-sorted by number of total goals (in descending order), number of total Olympic matches played (in ascending order), date of the last Olympic match played (in ascending order), date of the first Olympic match played (in ascending order), name of the player (in ascending order), respectively.

Four-time Olympian Tania Di Mario holds the record for the most goals scored by a female water polo player in Olympic history, with 47 goals.[64]

Maggie Steffens of the United States scored 38 goals at two Olympics (2012–2016).[68]

Ma Huanhuan, representing China, holds the record for the most goals scored by an Asian female water polo player in Olympic history, with 37 goals at three Olympics (2008–2016).[71]

Legend
  •     – Hosts
All-time top female goalscorers with at least 30 goals at the Olympics
Rk Player Birth Height L/R Women's team Total
goals
Total
matches
played
Goals
per
match
Tournament
(goals)
Period
(age of
first/last)
Medals Ref
G S B T
1 Tania Di Mario 1979 1.68 m
(5 ft 6 in)
Right   Italy 47 23 2.043 2004
(14)
2008
(10)
2012
(18)
2016
(5)
12 years
(25/37)
1 1 0 2 [64]
2 Maggie Steffens 1993 1.75 m
(5 ft 9 in)
Right   United States 38 12 3.167 2012
(21)
2016
(17)
Does not appear Does not appear 4 years
(19/23)
2 0 0 2 [68]
3 Ma Huanhuan 1990 1.78 m
(5 ft 10 in)
Right   China 37 17 2.176 2008
(7)
2012
(19)
2016
(11)
Does not appear 8 years
(18/26)
0 0 0 0 [71]
4 Sofia Konukh 1980 1.73 m
(5 ft 8 in)
Right   Russia 31 22 1.409 2000
(11)
2004
(9)
2008
(7)
2012
(4)
12 years
(20/32)
0 0 1 1 [62]
5 Brenda Villa 1980 1.63 m
(5 ft 4 in)
Right   United States 31 23 1.348 2000
(9)
2004
(7)
2008
(9)
2012
(6)
12 years
(20/32)
1 2 1 4 [63]
6 Kate Gynther 1982 1.75 m
(5 ft 9 in)
Right   Australia 30 17 1.765 2004
(7)
2008
(13)
2012
(10)
Does not appear 8 years
(22/30)
0 0 2 2 [72]

Source:

  • Official Results Books: 2000 (pp. 96–101), 2004 (pp. 53–85), 2008 (pp. 54–78), 2012 (pp. 345–369), 2016 (pp. 193, 196–219).

Top goalkeepers by tournamentEdit

The following table is pre-sorted by edition of the Olympics (in ascending order), number of matches played (in ascending order), name of the goalkeeper (in ascending order), respectively.

Giulia Gorlero of Italy holds the record for the most saves by a female water polo goalkeeper in a single Olympic tournament, blocking 65 shots in the 2016 edition, and helping the Italian team win the Olympic silver medal.[73]

Top female goalkeepers by tournament
Year Goalkeeper Birth Age Height Saves Matches
played
Saves
per
match
Women's team Finish Ref
2000 Karla Plugge 1968 31 1.81 m
(5 ft 11 in)
45 7 6.429   Netherlands 4th of 6
teams
[74]
2004 Jacqueline Frank 1980 24 1.80 m
(5 ft 11 in)
41 5 8.200   United States 3rd of 8
teams
[75]
2008 Elizabeth Armstrong 1983 25 1.88 m
(6 ft 2 in)
49 5 9.800   United States 2nd of 8
teams
[76]
2012 Elena Gigli 1985 27 1.92 m
(6 ft 4 in)
56 6 9.333   Italy 7th of 8
teams
[77]
2016 Giulia Gorlero 1990 25 1.80 m
(5 ft 11 in)
65 6 10.833   Italy 2nd of 8
teams
[73]

Source:

Top goalkeepers with the most savesEdit

The following table is pre-sorted by number of total saves (in descending order), number of total Olympic matches played (in ascending order), date of the last Olympic match played (in ascending order), date of the first Olympic match played (in ascending order), name of the goalkeeper (in ascending order), respectively.

Yang Jun of China holds the record for the most shots saved by a female water polo goalkeeper at the Olympics, with 138 saves at three Olympics (2008–2016).[78]

Elizabeth Armstrong, representing the United States, blocked 102 shots at two Olympics (2008–2012).[76]

Legend
  •     – Hosts
Top female goalkeepers with at least 100 saves at the Olympics
Rk Goalkeeper Birth Height Women's team Total
saves
Total
matches
played
Saves
per
match
Tournament
(saves)
Period
(age of
first/last)
Medals Ref
G S B T
1 Yang Jun 1988 1.80 m
(5 ft 11 in)
  China 138 17 8.118 2008
(39)
2012
(44)
2016
(55)
8 years
(20/28)
0 0 0 0 [78]
2 Elizabeth Armstrong 1983 1.88 m
(6 ft 2 in)
  United States 102 11 9.273 2008
(49)
2012
(53)
Does not appear 4 years
(25/29)
1 1 0 2 [76]

Source:

Top sprinters by tournamentEdit

 
Jennifer Pareja of Spain was the joint top sprinter in 2012.

The following table is pre-sorted by edition of the Olympics (in ascending order), number of matches played (in ascending order), name of the sprinter (in ascending order), respectively.

Kate Gynther, captain of the Australia women's national team, and Jennifer Pareja, captain of the Spain women's national team, were the joint top sprinters at the 2012 London Olympics.[72][79]

Legend
  •     – Host team
Top female sprinters by tournament
Year Sprinter Birth Age Height Sprints
won
Matches
played
Sp won
per
match
Women's team Finish Ref
2000 Tatiana Petrova 1973 27 1.62 m
(5 ft 4 in)
16 7 2.286   Russia 3rd of 6
teams
[80]
2004 Kyriaki Liosi 1979 24 1.70 m
(5 ft 7 in)
21 6 3.500   Greece 2nd of 8
teams
[81]
2008 Wang Yi 1987 21 1.79 m
(5 ft 10 in)
18 5 3.600   China 5th of 8
teams
[82]
2012 Kate Gynther (C) 1982 30 1.75 m
(5 ft 9 in)
21 6 3.500   Australia 3rd of 8
teams
[72]
Jennifer Pareja (C) 1984 28 1.74 m
(5 ft 9 in)
6 3.500   Spain 2nd of 8
teams
[79]
2016 Rachel Fattal 1993 22 1.73 m
(5 ft 8 in)
17 6 2.833   United States 1st of 8
teams
[83]

Source:

Top sprinters with the most sprints wonEdit

The following table is pre-sorted by number of total sprints won (in descending order), number of total Olympic matches played (in ascending order), date of the last Olympic match played (in ascending order), date of the first Olympic match played (in ascending order), name of the sprinter (in ascending order), respectively.

Kate Gynther of Australia holds the record for the most sprints won by a female water polo player at the Olympics, with 39 sprints won at three Olympics (2004–2012).[72]

Top female sprinters with at least 30 sprints won at the Olympics
Rk Sprinter Birth Height Men's team Total
Sprints
won
Total
matches
played
Sp won
per
match
Tournament
(sprints won)
Period
(age of
first/last)
Medals Ref
G S B T
1 Kate Gynther 1982 1.75 m
(5 ft 9 in)
  Australia 39 17 2.294 2004
(5)
2008
(13)
2012
(21)
8 years
(22/30)
0 0 2 2 [72]

Source:

Coach statisticsEdit

Ref Reference Rk Rank

Most successful coachesEdit

The following table is pre-sorted by total number of Olympic medals (in descending order), number of Olympic gold medals (in descending order), number of Olympic silver medals (in descending order), date of the last Olympic appearance (in ascending order), date of the first Olympic appearance (in ascending order), name of the coach (in ascending order), respectively.

Guy Baker guided United States women's national team to three Olympic medals in a row between 2000 and 2008.[84][85]

Adam Krikorian coached the United States women's national team to two consecutive Olympic gold medals in 2012 and 2016.[85]

Greg McFadden led Australia women's national team to win two consecutive Olympic bronze medals in 2008 and 2012.[86]

Head coaches who led women's national teams to win two or more Olympic medals
Rk Head coach Nationality Birth Age Women's team Tournament
(finish)
Period Medals Ref
G S B T
1 Guy Baker   United States   United States 2000
(2nd)
2004
(3rd)
2008
(2nd)
8
years
0 2 1 3 [84]
[85]
2 Adam Krikorian   United States 1974 38–42   United States 2012
(1st)
2016
(1st)
Does not appear 4
years
2 0 0 2 [85]
3 Greg McFadden   Australia 1964 43–51   Australia 2008
(3rd)
2012
(3rd)
2016
(6th)
8
years
0 0 2 2 [87]
[86]

Overall medal tableEdit

The following table is pre-sorted by number of Olympic gold medals (in descending order), number of Olympic silver medals (in descending order), number of Olympic bronze medals (in descending order), name of the team (in ascending order), respectively.

Legend
  • Defunct
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Hungary (HUN)93315
2  Italy (ITA)43310
3  Great Britain (GBR)4004
4  Yugoslavia (YUG)[c]3418
5  United States (USA)25411
6  Soviet Union (URS)2237
7  Croatia (CRO)1203
  Germany (GER)1203
  Spain (ESP)1203
10  France (FRA)[a]1034
11  Australia (AUS)1023
  Netherlands (NED)1023
  Serbia (SRB)1023
14  Belgium (BEL)0426
15  Russia (RUS)0134
16  Sweden (SWE)0123
17  Greece (GRE)0101
  Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)0101
19  Unified Team (EUN)0011
  West Germany (FRG)0011
Totals (20 nations)31313294

Flag bearersEdit

 
Victor Boin was the Belgium flag bearer at the opening ceremony of the 1920 Olympics.

Some sportspeople were chosen to carry the national flag of their country at the opening and closing ceremonies of the Olympic Games. As of the 2016 Summer Olympics, twenty water polo people were given the honour.

Charles Smith, representing Great Britain, was the first water polo player to be a flag bearer at the opening and closing ceremonies of the Olympics.[13]

Victor Boin was the Belgium flag bearer at the opening ceremony of the 1920 Games in Antwerp, where he took the first ever Olympic Oath.[88]

Six-time Olympian Manuel Estiarte of Spain was the flag bearer during the opening ceremony at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney.[15]

Legend
  •  2008 O  – Opening ceremony of the 2008 Summer Olympics
  •  2008 C  – Closing ceremony of the 2008 Summer Olympics
  •     – Hosts
Water polo people who were flag bearers at the opening and closing ceremonies of the Olympic Games
Year Country Flag bearer Birth Age Height Team Pos Water polo tournament Period
(age of
first/last)
Medals Ref
G S B T
1912 O   Great Britain Charles Smith 1879 33 1.86 m
(6 ft 1 in)
  Great Britain GK 1908 1912 1920 1924 Does not appear Does not appear 16 years
(29/45)
3 0 0 3 [13]
1920 O   Belgium Victor Boin 1886 34   Belgium 1908 1912 Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 4 years
(22/26)
0 1 1 2 [88]
1924 O   Great Britain Arthur Hunt 1886 37   Great Britain 1924 Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 0 years
(37/37)
0 0 0 0 [89]
1928 O   France Jean Thorailler 1888 40   France 1912 1920 Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 8 years
(24/32)
0 0 0 0 [90]
1948 O   Australia Les McKay 1917 31   Australia 1948 Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 0 years
(31/31)
0 0 0 0 [91]
  Yugoslavia Božo Grkinić 1913 34   Yugoslavia 1948 Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 0 years
(34/34)
0 0 0 0 [92]
1956 O   Yugoslavia Zdravko-Ćiro Kovačić 1925 31   Yugoslavia GK 1948 1952 1956 Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 8 years
(23/31)
0 2 0 2 [93]
1968 O   Brazil João Gonçalves 1934 33 1.75 m
(5 ft 9 in)
  Brazil FP 1960 1964 1968 Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 8 years
(25/33)
0 0 0 0 [94]
  Netherlands Fred van Dorp 1938 29 1.90 m
(6 ft 3 in)
  Netherlands FP 1960 1964 1968 Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 8 years
(21/29)
0 0 0 0 [95]
1972 O   Yugoslavia Mirko Sandić 1942 30 1.98 m
(6 ft 6 in)
  Yugoslavia FP 1960 1964 1968 1972 Does not appear Does not appear 12 years
(18/30)
1 1 0 2 [96]
1980 O   Hungary István Szívós Jr. 1948 32 2.02 m
(6 ft 8 in)
  Hungary FP 1968 1972 1976 1980 Does not appear Does not appear 12 years
(20/32)
1 1 2 4 [34]
1984 O   Netherlands Ton Buunk 1952 31 1.96 m
(6 ft 5 in)
  Netherlands FP 1972 1976 1980 1984 Does not appear Does not appear 12 years
(19/31)
0 0 1 1 [97]
1996 O   Croatia Perica Bukić 1966 30 1.98 m
(6 ft 6 in)
  Yugoslavia FP 1984 1988 Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 12 years
(18/30)
2 1 0 3 [98]
  Croatia FP Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 1996 Does not appear Does not appear
  FR Yugoslavia Igor Milanović 1965 30 1.95 m
(6 ft 5 in)
  Yugoslavia FP 1984 1988 Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 12 years
(18/30)
2 0 0 2 [99]
  FR Yugoslavia FP Does not appear Does not appear Does not appear 1996 Does not appear Does not appear
2000 O   Spain Manuel Estiarte 1961 38 1.78 m
(5 ft 10 in)
  Spain FP 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 20 years
(18/38)
1 1 0 2 [15]
2004 O  </