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All-time Olympic Games medal table

The silver medal was awarded to the winner of each event during the 1896 Summer Olympics. The current system of gold, silver, and bronze medals was not implemented until the 1912 Olympic Games

An all-time medal table for all Olympic Games from 1896 to 2016, including Summer Olympic Games, Winter Olympic Games, and a combined total of both, is tabulated below. These Olympic medal counts do not include the 1906 Intercalated Games which are no longer recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as official Games. The IOC itself does not publish all-time tables, and publishes unofficial tables only per single Games. This table was thus compiled by adding up single entries from the IOC database.[1]

The results are attributed to the IOC country code as currently displayed by the IOC database. Usually, a single code corresponds to a single National Olympic Committee (NOC). When different codes are displayed for different years, medal counts are combined in the case of a simple change of IOC code (such as from HOL to NED for the Netherlands) or simple change of country name (such as from Ceylon to Sri Lanka). As the medals are attributed to each NOC, not all totals include medals won by athletes from that country for another NOC, such as before independence of that country (see individual footnotes for special cases such as combined teams). Names in italic are national entities that no longer exist. The totals of NOCs are not combined with those of their predecessors and successors.

World map showing which nations have won Summer Olympic medals.
World map showing which nations have won Winter Olympic medals.

Contents

NOCs with medalsEdit

The table is pre-sorted by the name of each Olympic Committee, but can be displayed as sorted by any other column, such as the total number of gold medals or total number of overall medals. To sort by gold, silver, and then bronze, sort first by the bronze column, then the silver, and then the gold. The table does not include the medals revoked (e.g., due to doping, etc.).

Medal totals in this table are current as of the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and all changes in medal standings due to doping cases up to and including 10 February 2017 are taken into account.

Summer Games Winter Games Combined Total
Team (IOC code)

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Total

  Afghanistan (AFG) 14 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 14 0 0 2 2
  Algeria (ALG) 13 5 4 8 17 3 0 0 0 0 16 5 4 8 17
  Argentina (ARG) 24 21 25 28 74 18 0 0 0 0 42 21 25 28 74
  Armenia (ARM) 6 2 5 7 14 6 0 0 0 0 12 2 5 7 14
  Australasia (ANZ) [ANZ] 2 3 4 5 12 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 4 5 12
  Australia (AUS) [AUS] [Z] 26 147 163 187 497 18 5 3 4 12 44 152 166 191 509
  Austria (AUT) 27 18 33 36 87 22 59 78 81 218 49 77 111 117 305
  Azerbaijan (AZE) 6 7 11 25 43 5 0 0 0 0 11 7 11 25 43
  Bahamas (BAH) 16 6 2 6 14 0 0 0 0 0 16 6 2 6 14
  Bahrain (BRN) 9 1 1 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 9 1 1 1 3
  Barbados (BAR) [BAR] 12 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 12 0 0 1 1
  Belarus (BLR) 6 12 27 38 77 6 6 4 5 15 12 18 31 43 92
  Belgium (BEL) 26 40 53 55 148 20 1 1 3 5 46 41 54 58 153
  Bermuda (BER) 18 0 0 1 1 7 0 0 0 0 25 0 0 1 1
  Bohemia (BOH) [BOH] [Z] 3 0 1 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 1 3 4
  Botswana (BOT) 10 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 1 0 1
  Brazil (BRA) 22 30 36 63 129 7 0 0 0 0 29 30 36 63 129
  British West Indies (BWI) [BWI] 1 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 2
  Bulgaria (BUL) [H] 20 51 86 80 217 19 1 2 3 6 39 52 88 83 223
  Burundi (BDI) 6 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 6 1 1 0 2
  Cameroon (CMR) 14 3 1 1 5 1 0 0 0 0 15 3 1 1 5
  Canada (CAN) 26 63 102 136 301 22 62 56 52 170 48 125 158 188 471
  Chile (CHI) [I] 23 2 7 4 13 16 0 0 0 0 39 2 7 4 13
  China (CHN) [CHN] 10 224 164 153 541 10 12 22 19 53 20 236 186 172 594
  Colombia (COL) 19 5 8 14 27 1 0 0 0 0 20 5 8 14 27
  Costa Rica (CRC) 15 1 1 2 4 6 0 0 0 0 21 1 1 2 4
  Ivory Coast (CIV) [CIV] 13 1 1 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 13 1 1 1 3
  Croatia (CRO) 7 11 10 12 33 7 4 6 1 11 14 15 16 13 44
  Cuba (CUB) [Z] 20 77 68 75 220 0 0 0 0 0 20 77 68 75 220
  Cyprus (CYP) 10 0 1 0 1 10 0 0 0 0 20 0 1 0 1
  Czech Republic (CZE) [CZE] 6 15 17 24 56 6 7 9 8 24 12 22 26 32 80
  Czechoslovakia (TCH) [TCH] 16 49 49 45 143 16 2 8 15 25 32 51 57 60 168
  Denmark (DEN) [Z] 27 45 74 75 194 13 0 1 0 1 40 45 75 75 195
  Djibouti (DJI) [B] 8 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 8 0 0 1 1
  Dominican Republic (DOM) 14 3 2 2 7 0 0 0 0 0 14 3 2 2 7
  Ecuador (ECU) 14 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 14 1 1 0 2
  Egypt (EGY) [EGY] [Z] 22 7 9 13 29 1 0 0 0 0 23 7 9 13 29
  Eritrea (ERI) 5 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 1 1
  Estonia (EST) 12 9 9 16 34 9 4 2 1 7 21 13 11 17 41
  Ethiopia (ETH) 13 22 10 21 53 2 0 0 0 0 15 22 10 21 53
  Fiji (FIJ) 14 1 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 0 17 1 0 0 1
  Finland (FIN) 25 101 85 117 303 22 42 62 57 161 47 143 147 174 464
  France (FRA) [O] [P] [Z] 28 212 241 262 715 22 31 31 47 109 50 243 272 309 824
  Gabon (GAB) 10 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 1 0 1
  Georgia (GEO) 6 8 7 17 32 6 0 0 0 0 12 8 7 17 32
  Germany (GER) [GER] [Z] 16 191 192 232 615 11 78 78 53 209 27 269 270 285 824
  United Team of Germany (EUA) [EUA] 3 28 54 36 118 3 8 6 5 19 6 36 60 41 137
  East Germany (GDR) [GDR] 5 153 129 127 409 6 39 36 35 110 11 192 165 162 519
  West Germany (FRG) [FRG] 5 56 67 81 204 6 11 15 13 39 11 67 82 94 243
  Ghana (GHA) [GHA] 14 0 1 3 4 1 0 0 0 0 15 0 1 3 4
  Great Britain (GBR) [GBR] [Z] 28 263 295 289 847 22 10 4 12 26 50 273 299 301 873
  Greece (GRE) [Z] 28 33 43 40 116 18 0 0 0 0 46 33 43 40 116
  Grenada (GRN) 9 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 9 1 1 0 2
  Guatemala (GUA) 14 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 15 0 1 0 1
  Guyana (GUY) [GUY] 17 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 17 0 0 1 1
  Haiti (HAI) [J] 15 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 15 0 1 1 2
  Hong Kong (HKG) [HKG] 16 1 1 1 3 4 0 0 0 0 20 1 1 1 3
  Hungary (HUN) 26 175 147 169 491 22 0 2 4 6 48 175 149 173 497
  Iceland (ISL) 20 0 2 2 4 17 0 0 0 0 37 0 2 2 4
  India (IND) [F] 24 9 7 12 28 9 0 0 0 0 33 9 7 12 28
  Indonesia (INA) 15 7 13 12 32 0 0 0 0 0 15 7 13 12 32
  Iran (IRI) [K] 16 19 22 28 69 10 0 0 0 0 26 18 21 29 68
  Iraq (IRQ) 14 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 14 0 0 1 1
  Ireland (IRL) 21 9 10 12 31 6 0 0 0 0 27 9 10 12 31
  Israel (ISR) 16 1 1 7 9 6 0 0 0 0 22 1 1 7 9
  Italy (ITA) [M] [S] 27 206 178 193 577 22 37 34 43 114 49 243 212 236 691
  Jamaica (JAM) [JAM] 17 22 33 22 77 7 0 0 0 0 24 22 33 22 77
  Japan (JPN) 22 142 135 162 439 20 10 17 18 45 42 152 152 180 484
  Jordan (JOR) 10 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 10 1 0 0 1
  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 6 14 21 25 60 6 1 3 3 7 12 15 24 28 67
  Kenya (KEN) 14 31 38 31 100 3 0 0 0 0 17 31 38 31 100
  Kosovo (KOS) 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1
  North Korea (PRK) 10 16 15 23 54 8 0 1 1 2 18 16 16 24 56
  South Korea (KOR) 17 90 85 89 264 17 26 17 10 53 34 116 102 99 317
  Kuwait (KUW) 12 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 12 0 0 2 2
  Kyrgyzstan (KGZ) 6 0 1 2 3 6 0 0 0 0 12 0 1 2 3
  Latvia (LAT) 11 3 11 5 19 10 0 4 3 7 21 3 15 8 26
  Lebanon (LIB) 17 0 2 2 4 16 0 0 0 0 33 0 2 2 4
  Liechtenstein (LIE) 17 0 0 0 0 18 2 2 5 9 35 2 2 5 9
  Lithuania (LTU) 9 6 7 12 25 8 0 0 0 0 17 6 7 12 25
  Luxembourg (LUX) [O] 23 1 1 0 2 8 0 2 0 2 31 1 3 0 4
  Macedonia (MKD) 6 0 0 1 1 5 0 0 0 0 11 0 0 1 1
  Malaysia (MAS) [MAS] 13 0 7 4 11 0 0 0 0 0 13 0 7 4 11
  Mauritius (MRI) 9 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 9 0 0 1 1
  Mexico (MEX) 23 13 24 30 68 8 0 0 0 0 31 13 24 30 68
  Moldova (MDA) 6 0 2 4 6 6 0 0 0 0 12 0 2 4 6
  Mongolia (MGL) 13 2 10 14 26 13 0 0 0 0 26 2 10 14 26
  Montenegro (MNE) 3 0 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 5 0 1 0 1
  Morocco (MAR) 14 6 5 12 23 6 0 0 0 0 20 6 5 12 23
  Mozambique (MOZ) 10 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 10 1 0 1 2
  Namibia (NAM) 7 0 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 4 0 4
  Netherlands (NED) [Z] 26 85 92 108 285 20 37 38 35 110 46 122 130 143 395
  Netherlands Antilles (AHO) [AHO] [I] 13 0 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 15 0 1 0 1
  New Zealand (NZL) [NZL] 23 46 27 44 117 15 0 1 0 1 38 46 28 44 118
  Niger (NIG) 12 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 12 0 1 1 2
  Nigeria (NGR) 16 3 9 12 24 0 0 0 0 0 16 3 9 12 24
  Norway (NOR) [Q] 25 56 49 47 152 22 118 111 100 329 47 174 160 147 481
  Pakistan (PAK) 17 3 3 4 10 2 0 0 0 0 19 3 3 4 10
  Panama (PAN) 17 1 0 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 17 1 0 2 3
  Paraguay (PAR) 12 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 13 0 1 0 1
  Peru (PER) [L] 18 1 3 0 4 2 0 0 0 0 20 1 3 0 4
  Philippines (PHI) 21 0 3 7 10 4 0 0 0 0 25 0 3 7 10
  Poland (POL) 21 66 85 131 282 22 6 7 7 20 43 72 92 138 302
  Portugal (POR) 24 4 8 12 24 7 0 0 0 0 31 4 8 12 24
  Puerto Rico (PUR) 18 1 2 6 9 6 0 0 0 0 24 1 2 6 9
  Qatar (QAT) 9 0 1 4 5 0 0 0 0 0 9 0 1 4 5
  Romania (ROU) 21 89 95 122 306 20 0 0 1 1 41 89 95 123 307
  Russia (RUS) [RUS] 6 147 125 153 425 6 49 40 35 124 12 196 165 188 549
  Russian Empire (RU1) [RU1] 3 1 4 3 8 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 4 3 8
  Soviet Union (URS) [URS] 9 395 319 296 1,010 9 78 57 59 194 18 473 376 355 1,204
  Unified Team (EUN) [EUN] 1 45 38 29 112 1 9 6 8 23 2 54 44 37 135
  Saudi Arabia (KSA) 11 0 1 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 11 0 1 2 3
  Samoa (SAM) 9 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 9 0 1 0 1
  Senegal (SEN) 14 0 1 0 1 5 0 0 0 0 19 0 1 0 1
  Serbia (SRB) [SRB] 4 3 6 6 15 2 0 0 0 0 6 3 6 6 15
  Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) [SCG] 3 2 4 3 9 3 0 0 0 0 6 2 4 3 9
  Singapore (SIN) 16 1 2 2 5 0 0 0 0 0 16 1 2 2 5
  Slovakia (SVK) [SVK] 6 9 11 8 28 6 2 2 1 5 12 11 13 9 33
  Slovenia (SLO) 7 5 8 10 23 7 2 4 9 15 14 7 12 19 38
  South Africa (RSA) 19 25 32 29 86 6 0 0 0 0 25 25 32 29 86
  Spain (ESP) [Z] 23 45 63 41 149 19 1 0 1 2 42 46 63 42 151
  Sri Lanka (SRI) [SRI] 17 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 17 0 2 0 2
  Sudan (SUD) 12 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 12 0 1 0 1
  Suriname (SUR) [E] 12 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 12 1 0 1 2
  Sweden (SWE) [Z] 27 145 170 179 494 22 50 40 54 144 49 195 210 233 638
  Switzerland (SUI) 28 50 75 67 192 22 50 40 48 138 50 100 115 115 330
  Syria (SYR) 13 1 1 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 13 1 1 1 3
  Chinese Taipei (TPE) [TPE] [TPE2] 14 5 7 12 24 11 0 0 0 0 25 5 7 12 24
  Tajikistan (TJK) 6 1 1 2 4 4 0 0 0 0 10 1 1 2 4
  Tanzania (TAN) [TAN] 13 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 13 0 2 0 2
  Thailand (THA) 16 9 8 14 31 3 0 0 0 0 19 9 8 14 31
  Togo (TOG) 10 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 11 0 0 1 1
  Tonga (TGA) 9 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 10 0 1 0 1
  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) [TRI] 17 3 5 11 19 3 0 0 0 0 20 3 5 11 19
  Tunisia (TUN) 14 4 2 7 13 0 0 0 0 0 14 4 2 7 13
  Turkey (TUR) 22 39 24 28 91 16 0 0 0 0 38 39 24 28 91
  Uganda (UGA) 15 2 3 2 7 0 0 0 0 0 15 2 3 2 7
  Ukraine (UKR) 6 35 29 55 119 6 2 1 4 7 12 37 30 59 126
  United Arab Emirates (UAE) 9 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 9 1 0 1 2
  United States (USA) [P] [Q] [R] [Z] 27 1,022 794 705 2,521 22 96 102 84 282 49 1,118 896 788 2,802
  Uruguay (URU) 21 2 2 6 10 1 0 0 0 0 22 2 2 6 10
  Uzbekistan (UZB) 6 8 6 17 31 6 1 0 0 1 12 9 6 17 32
  Venezuela (VEN) 18 2 3 10 15 4 0 0 0 0 22 2 3 10 15
  Vietnam (VIE) 15 1 3 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 15 1 3 0 4
  Virgin Islands (ISV) 12 0 1 0 1 7 0 0 0 0 19 0 1 0 1
  Yugoslavia (YUG) [YUG] 16 26 29 28 83 14 0 3 1 4 30 26 32 29 87
  Zambia (ZAM) [ZAM] 13 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 13 0 1 1 2
  Zimbabwe (ZIM) [ZIM] 13 3 4 1 8 1 0 0 0 0 14 3 4 1 8
  Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA) [IOA] 3 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 1 2
  Independent Olympic Participants (IOP) [IOP] 1 0 1 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 3
  Mixed team (ZZX) [ZZX] 3 8 5 4 17 0 0 0 0 0 3 8 5 4 17
Totals 28 5,106 5,063 5,467 15,636 22 959 958 948 2,865 50 6,065 6,021 6,415 18,501

NOCs without medalsEdit

After the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio, 71 of the current 206 National Olympic Committees, 6 historic National Olympic Committees, and the Refugee Olympic Team have not yet won an Olympic medal.

Team (IOC code) № Summer № Winter № Games
  Albania (ALB) 8 3 11
  American Samoa (ASA) 8 1 9
  Andorra (AND) 11 11 22
  Angola (ANG) 9 0 9
  Antigua and Barbuda (ANT) 10 0 10
  Aruba (ARU) 8 0 8
  Bangladesh (BAN) 9 0 9
  Belize (BIZ) [BIZ] 12 0 12
  Benin (BEN) [BEN] 11 0 11
  Bhutan (BHU) 9 0 9
  Bolivia (BOL) 14 5 19
  Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) 7 6 13
  British Virgin Islands (IVB) 9 2 11
  Brunei (BRU) [A] 5 0 5
  Burkina Faso (BUR) [BUR] 9 0 9
  Cambodia (CAM) 9 0 9
  Cape Verde (CPV) 6 0 6
  Cayman Islands (CAY) 10 2 12
  Central African Republic (CAF) 10 0 10
  Chad (CHA) 12 0 12
  Comoros (COM) 6 0 6
  Congo (CGO) 12 0 12
  DR Congo (COD) [COD] 10 0 10
  Cook Islands (COK) 8 0 8
  Dominica (DMA) 6 1 7
  El Salvador (ESA) 11 0 11
  Equatorial Guinea (GEQ) 9 0 9
  The Gambia (GAM) 9 0 9
  Guam (GUM) 8 1 9
  Guinea (GUI) 11 0 11
  Guinea-Bissau (GBS) 6 0 6
  Honduras (HON) 11 1 12
  Kiribati (KIR) 4 0 4
  Laos (LAO) 9 0 9
  Lesotho (LES) 11 0 11
  Liberia (LBR) [C] 12 0 12
  Libya (LBA) [D] 10 0 10
  Madagascar (MAD) 12 1 13
  Malawi (MAW) 10 0 10
  Maldives (MDV) 8 0 8
  Mali (MLI) 13 0 13
  Malta (MLT) 16 1 17
  Marshall Islands (MHL) 3 0 3
  Mauritania (MTN) 9 0 9
  Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) 5 0 5
  Monaco (MON) [N] 20 9 29
  Myanmar (MYA) [MYA] 17 0 17
  Nauru (NRU) 6 0 6
  Nepal (NEP) 13 4 17
  Nicaragua (NCA) 12 0 12
  Oman (OMA) 9 0 9
  Palau (PLW) 5 0 5
  Palestine (PLE) 6 0 6
  Papua New Guinea (PNG) 10 0 10
  Rwanda (RWA) 9 0 9
  Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN) 6 0 6
  Saint Lucia (LCA) 6 0 6
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (VIN) 8 0 8
  San Marino (SMR) 14 9 23
  São Tomé and Príncipe (STP) 6 0 6
  Seychelles (SEY) 9 0 9
  Sierra Leone (SLE) 11 0 11
  Solomon Islands (SOL) 9 0 9
  Somalia (SOM) 9 0 9
  South Sudan (SSD) 1 0 1
  Swaziland (SWZ) 10 1 11
  Timor-Leste (TLS) [I] 4 1 5
  Turkmenistan (TKM) 6 0 6
  Tuvalu (TUV) 3 0 3
  Vanuatu (VAN) 8 0 8
  Yemen (YEM) [YEM] 7 0 7
  North Borneo (NBO) [NBO] 1 0 1
  Malaya (MAL) [MAL] 2 0 2
  Republic of China (ROC) [ROC] 3 0 3
  Saar (SAA) [SAA] 1 0 1
  North Yemen (YAR) [YAR] 2 0 2
  South Yemen (YMD) [YMD] 1 0 1
  Refugee Olympic Team (ROT) [ROT] 1 0 1

VariationsEdit

The sections above are based on information published by the International Olympic Committee. Various sources deal with some of the entries in the preceding sections differently.

Early OlympicsEdit

For the 1900 Summer Olympics several countries are credited with appearances that are not considered official by the IOC. Only one of these cases concerns a medal. A gold medal that is officially added to France's total is given to Luxembourg.[2]

Similar cases of disputed nationality affect the 1904 Summer Olympics. France is credited with a silver medal[3] and Norway with two gold medals.[4] In the table above these medals are listed under the United States. Furthermore, Newfoundland is occasionally listed as a separate country at the 1904 Olympics, and would be listed as a historical NOC without medals.[5]

Other differences from the official table are based on disagreements about which events were Olympic.This affects several of the events in the 1900 and 1904 Olympics. In addition, some sources include the 1906 Intercalated Games when compiling their medal tables.[6]

GermanyEdit

Germany has competed under five different designations, including as two separate teams at several Games. Sources vary in how they present the medals won by these teams. The table below shows sourced combinations of these teams, when applied to the updated medal totals from the main table.

Summer Games Winter Games Combined Total
Team (IOC code)

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Total

  Germany (GER)[7] 16 191 192 232 615 11 78 78 53 209 27 269 270 285 824
  Germany (GER) (EUA)[8] 19 219 246 268 733 14 86 84 58 228 33 305 330 326 961
  Germany (GER) (EUA) (FRG)[9] 24 275 313 349 937 20 97 99 71 267 44 372 412 420 1204
  Germany (GER) (EUA) (FRG) (GDR)[10] 25[11] 428 442 476 1346 20 136 135 106 377 45[11] 564 577 582 1723

Russia and the Soviet UnionEdit

The Russian Federation and the Russian Empire are often combined outside of IOC sources. The Soviet Union is combined with the post-union team that competed in 1992. Some sources combine the Soviet Union and Russia.

Summer Games Winter Games Combined Total
Team (IOC code)

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Total

  Russia (RUS)[12] 6 147 125 153 425 6 49 40 35 124 12 196 165 188 549
  Russia (RUS) (RU1)[13] 9 148 129 156 433 6 49 40 35 124 15 197 169 191 557
  Soviet Union (URS)[9] 10 395 319 296 1010 9 78 57 59 194 19 473 376 355 1204
  Soviet Union (URS) (EUN)[10] 11 450 357 325 1132 10 87 63 67 217 21 537 420 392 1349
  Russia (RUS) (RU1)   Soviet Union (URS) (EUN)[14] 20 598 486 481 1565 16 136 103 102 341 35 734 589 583 1906

NotesEdit

Obsolete nations notesEdit

Name changes notesEdit

Participation notesEdit

Disputed participation notesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Olympic Games - Sochi 2014 | Winter Summer Past and Future Olympics". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  2. ^ a b "Luxembourg at the 1900 Paris Summer Games". Sports Reference. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  3. ^ "France at the 1904 St. Louis Summer Games". Sports Reference. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  4. ^ a b "Norway at the 1904 St. Louis Summer Games". Sports Reference. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  5. ^ a b "Bob Fowler". Sports Reference. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  6. ^ "What Events are Olympic?". Sports Reference. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  7. ^ "Germany". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  8. ^ "Germany". Sports Reference. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  9. ^ a b "All Time Summer Olympics Medal Tally". Olympics Universe. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  10. ^ a b "Timeline: Olympic Powers". BBC. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  11. ^ a b Counting one more Summer Olympic Games where East Germany in 1980 and West Germany in 1984 competed.
  12. ^ "Russian Federation". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  13. ^ "Russia". Sports Reference. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  14. ^ Alexander Picolin jr. "Statistics (choose Ewige Tabellen)". Olympiastatistik.de. Retrieved 2014-02-10. 
  15. ^ "Cycling at the 1900 Paris Summer Games: Men's Points Race". Sports Reference. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  16. ^ "Italy - Olympic Summer Games". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 15 May 2012. 
  17. ^ "Monaco at the 1924 Summer Olympics". Sports Reference. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  18. ^ "When the Olympics Gave Out Medals for Art | Arts & Culture | Smithsonian". Smithsonian Magazine. 2012-07-25. Retrieved 2014-02-10. 
  19. ^ "Frank Bizzoni Olympic Results". Sports Reference. Retrieved 2013-05-02. 

External linksEdit

All-time medal counts are compiled by various sources, often adding up related results for Russia, Germany, Serbia, Czech Republic etc.

Sources