All-time Olympic Games medal table

The all-time medal table for all Olympic Games from 1896 to 2022, including Summer Olympic Games, Winter Olympic Games, and a combined total of both, is tabulated below. These Olympic medal counts do not include the 1906 Intercalated Games which are no longer recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as official Games. The IOC itself does not publish all-time tables, and publishes unofficial tables only per single Games. This table was thus compiled by adding up single entries from the IOC database.[1]

The results are attributed to the IOC country code as currently displayed by the IOC database. Usually, a single code corresponds to a single National Olympic Committee (NOC). When different codes are displayed for different years, medal counts are combined in the case of a simple change of IOC code (such as from HOL to NED for the Netherlands) or simple change of country name (such as from Ceylon to Sri Lanka). As the medals are attributed to each NOC, not all totals include medals won by athletes from that country for another NOC, such as before independence of that country. Names in italic are national entities that no longer exist. The totals of NOCs are not combined with those of their predecessors and successors.

World map showing nations that have won Summer Olympic medals.
World map showing nations that have won Winter Olympic medals.

List of NOCs with medals (sortable & unranked)

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The table is pre-sorted by the name of each Olympic Committee, but can be displayed as sorted by any other column, such as the total number of gold medals or total number of overall medals. To sort by gold, silver, and then bronze, sort first by the bronze column, then the silver, and then the gold. The table does not count revoked medals (e.g., due to doping).

A total of 156 current and historical NOCs have earned at least one medal. Medal totals in this table are current through the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing, People's Republic of China, and all changes in medal standings due to doping cases and medal redistributions up to 5 May 2023 are taken into account.

  Special delegation, not an actual nation
Team Summer Olympic Games Winter Olympic Games Combined total
Team (IOC code)

No.

No.

No.

 Afghanistan (AFG) 15 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 15 0 0 2 2
 Algeria (ALG) 14 5 4 8 17 3 0 0 0 0 17 5 4 8 17
 Argentina (ARG) 25 21 26 30 77 20 0 0 0 0 45 21 26 30 77
 Armenia (ARM) 7 2 8 8 18 8 0 0 0 0 15 2 8 8 18
 Australasia (ANZ)[ANZ] 2 3 4 5 12 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 4 5 12
 Australia (AUS)[AUS] [Z] 27 164 173 210 547 20 6 7 6 19 47 170 180 216 566
 Austria (AUT) 28 20 35 41 96 24 71 88 91 250 52 91 123 132 346
 Azerbaijan (AZE) 7 7 14 28 49 7 0 0 0 0 14 7 14 28 49
 Bahamas (BAH) 17 8 2 6 16 0 0 0 0 0 17 8 2 6 16
 Bahrain (BRN) 10 2 2 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 10 2 2 0 4
 Barbados (BAR)[BAR] 13 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 13 0 0 1 1
 Belarus (BLR) 7 13 30 42 85 8 8 7 5 20 15 21 37 47 105
 Belgium (BEL) 27 44 56 57 157 22 2 2 4 8 49 46 58 61 165
 Bermuda (BER) 19 1 0 1 2 8 0 0 0 0 27 1 0 1 2
 Bohemia (BOH)[BOH] [Z] 3 0 1 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 1 3 4
 Botswana (BOT) 11 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 11 0 1 1 2
 Brazil (BRA) 23 37 42 71 150 9 0 0 0 0 32 37 42 71 150
 British West Indies (BWI)[BWI] 1 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 2
 Bulgaria (BUL)[H] 21 54 88 82 224 21 1 2 3 6 42 55 90 85 230
 Burkina Faso (BUR) 10 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0 1 1
 Burundi (BDI) 7 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 7 1 1 0 2
 Cameroon (CMR) 15 3 1 2 6 1 0 0 0 0 16 3 1 2 6
 Canada (CAN) 27 71 110 145 326 24 77 72 76 225 51 148 182 221 551
 Chile (CHI)[I] 24 2 7 4 13 18 0 0 0 0 42 2 7 4 13
 China (CHN)[CHN] 11 263 199 174 636 12 22 32 23 77 23 285 231 197 713
 Colombia (COL) 20 5 13 16 34 3 0 0 0 0 23 5 13 16 34
 Costa Rica (CRC) 16 1 1 2 4 6 0 0 0 0 22 1 1 2 4
 Ivory Coast (CIV)[CIV] 14 1 1 2 4 0 0 0 0 0 14 1 1 2 4
 Croatia (CRO) 8 14 13 14 41 9 4 6 1 11 17 18 19 15 52
 Cuba (CUB)[Z] 21 84 69 82 235 0 0 0 0 0 21 84 69 82 235
 Cyprus (CYP) 11 0 1 0 1 12 0 0 0 0 23 0 1 0 1
 Czech Republic (CZE)[CZE] 7 19 22 26 67 8 10 11 13 34 15 29 33 39 101
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)[TCH] 16 49 49 45 143 16 2 8 15 25 32 51 57 60 168
 Denmark (DEN)[Z] 28 48 78 79 205 15 0 1 0 1 43 48 79 79 206
 Djibouti (DJI)[B] 9 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 9 0 0 1 1
 Dominican Republic (DOM) 15 3 5 4 12 0 0 0 0 0 15 3 5 4 12
 Ecuador (ECU) 15 3 2 0 5 2 0 0 0 0 17 3 2 0 5
 Egypt (EGY)[EGY] [Z] 23 8 11 19 38 1 0 0 0 0 24 8 11 19 38
 Eritrea (ERI) 6 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 8 0 0 1 1
 Estonia (EST) 13 10 9 17 36 11 4 2 2 8 24 14 11 19 44
 Ethiopia (ETH) 14 23 12 23 58 2 0 0 0 0 16 23 12 23 58
 Fiji (FIJ) 15 2 0 1 3 3 0 0 0 0 18 2 0 1 3
 Finland (FIN) 26 101 85 119 305 24 45 65 65 175 50 146 150 184 480
 France (FRA)[O] [P] [Z] 29 223 251 277 751 24 41 42 55 138 53 264 293 332 889
 Gabon (GAB) 11 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 11 0 1 0 1
 Georgia (GEO) 7 10 12 18 40 8 0 0 0 0 15 10 12 18 40
 Germany (GER)[GER] [Z] 17 201 207 247 655 13 104 98 65 267 30 305 305 312 922
 United Team of Germany (EUA)[EUA] 3 28 54 36 118 3 8 6 5 19 6 36 60 41 137
 East Germany (GDR)[GDR] 5 153 129 127 409 6 39 36 35 110 11 192 165 162 519
 West Germany (FRG)[FRG] 5 56 67 81 204 6 11 15 13 39 11 67 82 94 243
 Ghana (GHA)[GHA] 15 0 1 4 5 3 0 0 0 0 18 0 1 4 5
 Great Britain (GBR)[GBR] [Z] 29 284 318 314 916 24 12 5 17 34 53 296 323 331 950
 Greece (GRE) 29 35 45 41 121 20 0 0 0 0 49 35 45 41 121
 Grenada (GRN) 10 1 1 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 10 1 1 1 3
 Guatemala (GUA) 14 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 15 0 1 0 1
 Guyana (GUY)[GUY] 18 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 18 0 0 1 1
 Haiti (HAI)[J] 17 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 18 0 1 1 2
 Hong Kong (HKG)[HKG] 17 2 3 4 9 6 0 0 0 0 23 2 3 4 9
 Hungary (HUN) 27 181 154 176 511 24 2 2 6 10 51 183 156 182 521
 Iceland (ISL) 21 0 2 2 4 19 0 0 0 0 40 0 2 2 4
 India (IND)[F] 25 10 9 16 35 11 0 0 0 0 36 10 9 16 35
 Indonesia (INA) 16 8 14 15 37 0 0 0 0 0 16 8 14 15 37
 Iran (IRI)[K] 17 24 23 29 76 12 0 0 0 0 29 24 23 29 76
 Iraq (IRQ) 15 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 15 0 0 1 1
 Ireland (IRL) 22 11 10 14 35 8 0 0 0 0 30 11 10 14 35
 Israel (ISR) 17 3 1 9 13 8 0 0 0 0 25 3 1 9 13
 Italy (ITA)[M] [S] 28 217 188 213 618 24 42 43 56 141 52 259 231 269 759
 Jamaica (JAM)[JAM] 18 26 36 26 88 9 0 0 0 0 27 26 36 26 88
 Japan (JPN) 23 169 150 178 497 22 17 29 30 76 45 186 179 208 573
 Jordan (JOR) 11 1 1 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 11 1 1 1 3
 Kazakhstan (KAZ) 7 14 22 35 71 8 1 3 4 8 15 15 25 39 79
 Kenya (KEN) 15 35 42 36 113 4 0 0 0 0 19 35 42 36 113
 Kosovo (KOS) 2 3 0 0 3 2 0 0 0 0 4 3 0 0 3
 North Korea (PRK) 10 16 16 23 55 9 0 1 1 2 19 16 17 24 57
 South Korea (KOR) 18 96 91 101 288 19 33 30 16 79 37 129 121 117 367
 Kuwait (KUW) 13 0 0 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 13 0 0 3 3
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ) 7 0 3 4 7 8 0 0 0 0 15 0 3 4 7
 Latvia (LAT) 12 4 11 6 21 12 1 3 6 10 24 5 14 12 31
 Lebanon (LBN) 18 0 2 2 4 18 0 0 0 0 36 0 2 2 4
 Liechtenstein (LIE) 18 0 0 0 0 20 2 2 6 10 38 2 2 6 10
 Lithuania (LTU) 10 6 7 13 26 10 0 0 0 0 20 6 7 13 26
 Luxembourg (LUX)[O] 25 2 1 0 3 10 0 2 0 2 35 2 3 0 5
 Malaysia (MAS)[MAS] 14 0 8 5 13 2 0 0 0 0 16 0 8 5 13
 Mauritius (MRI) 10 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0 1 1
 Mexico (MEX) 24 13 24 35 72 10 0 0 0 0 34 13 24 35 72
 Moldova (MDA) 7 0 2 4 6 8 0 0 0 0 15 0 2 4 6
 Mongolia (MGL) 14 2 11 17 30 15 0 0 0 0 29 2 11 17 30
 Montenegro (MNE) 4 0 1 0 1 4 0 0 0 0 8 0 1 0 1
 Morocco (MAR) 15 7 5 12 24 8 0 0 0 0 23 7 5 12 24
 Mozambique (MOZ) 11 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 11 1 0 1 2
 Namibia (NAM) 8 0 5 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 8 0 5 0 5
 Netherlands (NED)[Z] 27 95 105 122 322 22 53 49 45 147 49 148 154 167 469
 Netherlands Antilles (AHO)[AHO] [I] 13 0 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 15 0 1 0 1
 New Zealand (NZL)[NZL] 24 53 33 51 137 17 2 2 2 6 41 55 35 53 143
 Niger (NIG) 13 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 13 0 1 1 2
 Nigeria (NGR) 17 3 11 13 27 2 0 0 0 0 19 3 11 13 27
North Macedonia North Macedonia (MKD) 7 0 1 1 2 7 0 0 0 0 14 0 1 1 2
 Norway (NOR)[Q] 27 61 52 50 163 24 148 134 123 405 51 209 186 173 568
 Pakistan (PAK) 18 3 3 4 10 4 0 0 0 0 22 3 3 4 10
 Panama (PAN) 18 1 0 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 18 1 0 2 3
 Paraguay (PAR) 13 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 14 0 1 0 1
 Peru (PER)[L] 19 1 3 0 4 3 0 0 0 0 22 1 3 0 4
 Philippines (PHI) 22 1 5 8 14 6 0 0 0 0 28 1 5 8 14
 Poland (POL) 22 72 89 137 298 24 7 7 9 23 46 79 96 146 321
 Portugal (POR) 25 5 9 14 28 9 0 0 0 0 34 5 9 14 28
 Puerto Rico (PUR) 19 2 2 6 10 8 0 0 0 0 27 2 2 6 10
 Qatar (QAT) 10 2 2 4 8 0 0 0 0 0 10 2 2 4 8
 Romania (ROU) 22 90 97 121 308 22 0 0 1 1 44 90 97 122 309
 Russia (RUS)[RUS] 6 147 126 150 423 6 47 39 35 121 12 194 165 185 544
 Russian Empire (RU1)[RU1] 3 1 4 3 8 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 4 3 8
 Soviet Union (URS)[URS] 9 395 319 296 1,010 9 78 57 59 194 18 473 376 355 1,204
 Unified Team (EUN)[EUN] 1 45 38 29 112 1 9 6 8 23 2 54 44 37 135
 Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)[OAR] 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 6 9 17 1 2 6 9 17
ROC (ROC)[ROC] 1 20 28 23 71 1 5 12 15 32 2 25 40 38 103
 San Marino (SMR) 15 0 1 2 3 11 0 0 0 0 26 0 1 2 3
 Saudi Arabia (KSA) 12 0 2 2 4 1 0 0 0 0 13 0 2 2 4
 Samoa (SAM) 10 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 1 0 1
 Senegal (SEN) 15 0 1 0 1 5 0 0 0 0 20 0 1 0 1
 Serbia (SRB)[SRB] 5 6 7 11 24 4 0 0 0 0 9 6 7 11 24
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)[YUG/SCG] 3 2 4 3 9 3 0 0 0 0 6 2 4 3 9
 Singapore (SGP) 17 1 2 2 5 1 0 0 0 0 18 1 2 2 5
 Slovakia (SVK)[SVK] 7 10 14 8 32 8 4 4 2 10 15 14 18 10 42
 Slovenia (SLO) 8 8 9 11 28 9 4 8 12 24 17 12 17 23 52
 South Africa (RSA) 20 27 33 29 89 7 0 0 0 0 27 27 33 29 89
 Spain (ESP)[Z] 24 48 72 49 169 21 1 1 3 5 45 49 73 52 174
 Sri Lanka (SRI)[SRI] 18 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 18 0 2 0 2
 Sudan (SUD) 13 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 13 0 1 0 1
 Suriname (SUR)[E] 14 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 14 1 0 1 2
 Sweden (SWE)[Z] 28 147 177 179 503 24 65 51 60 176 52 212 228 239 679
 Switzerland (SUI) 29 53 79 74 206 24 63 47 58 168 53 116 126 132 374
 Syria (SYR) 14 1 1 2 4 0 0 0 0 0 14 1 1 2 4
 Chinese Taipei (TPE)[TPE] [TPE2] 15 7 11 18 36 13 0 0 0 0 28 7 11 18 36
 Tajikistan (TJK) 7 1 1 2 4 4 0 0 0 0 11 1 1 2 4
 Tanzania (TAN)[TAN] 14 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 14 0 2 0 2
 Thailand (THA) 17 10 8 17 35 5 0 0 0 0 22 10 8 17 35
 Togo (TOG) 11 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 13 0 0 1 1
 Tonga (TGA) 10 0 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 12 0 1 0 1
 Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)[TTO] 18 3 5 11 19 4 0 0 0 0 22 3 5 11 19
 Tunisia (TUN) 15 5 3 7 15 0 0 0 0 0 15 5 3 7 15
 Turkey (TUR) 23 41 26 36 103 18 0 0 0 0 41 41 26 36 103
 Turkmenistan (TKM) 7 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 1 0 1
 Uganda (UGA) 16 4 4 3 11 0 0 0 0 0 16 4 4 3 11
 Ukraine (UKR) 7 35 36 68 139 8 3 2 4 9 15 38 38 72 148
 United Arab Emirates (UAE) 10 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 10 1 0 1 2
 United States (USA)[P] [Q] [R] [Z] [F] 28 1,061 830 738 2,629 24 114 121 95 330 52 1,175 951 833 2,959
 Uruguay (URU) 22 2 2 6 10 1 0 0 0 0 23 2 2 6 10
 Uzbekistan (UZB) 7 10 6 20 36 8 1 0 0 1 15 11 6 20 37
 Venezuela (VEN) 19 3 7 9 19 4 0 0 0 0 23 3 7 9 19
 Vietnam (VIE) 16 1 3 1 5 0 0 0 0 0 16 1 3 1 5
 Virgin Islands (ISV) 13 0 1 0 1 8 0 0 0 0 21 0 1 0 1
 Yugoslavia (YUG)[YUG to 1992] 16 26 29 28 83 14 0 3 1 4 30 26 32 29 87
 Zambia (ZAM)[ZAM] 14 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 14 0 1 1 2
 Zimbabwe (ZIM)[ZIM] 14 3 4 1 8 1 0 0 0 0 15 3 4 1 8
 Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA)[IOA] 3 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 1 2
 Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)[IOP] 1 0 1 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 3
 Mixed team (ZZX)[ZZX] 3 11 6 8 25 0 0 0 0 0 3 11 6 8 25
Totals 29 5,460 5,429 5,892 16,781 24 1,171 1,169 1,160 3,500 53 6,631 6,598 7,052 20,281

The sum total of gold, silver, and bronze medals are not equal for the following reasons:

  • Some sports (such as boxing, judo, taekwondo, and wrestling) award or have previously awarded two bronze medals per competition.
  • Team sports medals, such as in football or basketball count as one, even if there are multiple players on each team, who get a medal.
  • Some tied performances have resulted in multiple medals of the same colour being awarded for an event. If this tie is for gold or silver, there will be a consequent absence of a silver or bronze medal for that event.
  • Some medals that have been revoked have not been re-awarded.
  • Some early events, such as cricket at the 1900 Summer Olympics, had only two entrants.
  • Retroactively awarding gold, silver, and bronze medals for the 1896 and 1900 games results in some anomalies, such as the 100 metre freestyle swimming event in 1896 where no surviving records distinguish the places of those who finished between 3rd and 10th position.

List of NOCs without medals (sortable & unranked)

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After the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing, 68 of the current 206 National Olympic Committees have yet to win an Olympic medal. Seven historic National Olympic Committees and the Refugee Olympic Team are also included in this list.

Team (IOC code) No. Summer No. Winter No. Games
 Albania (ALB) 9 5 14
 American Samoa (ASA) 9 2 11
 Andorra (AND) 12 13 25
 Angola (ANG) 10 0 10
 Antigua and Barbuda (ANT) 11 0 11
 Aruba (ARU) 9 0 9
 Bangladesh (BAN) 10 0 10
 Belize (BIZ)[BIZ] 13 0 13
 Benin (BEN)[BEN] 12 0 12
 Bhutan (BHU) 10 0 10
 Bolivia (BOL) 15 7 22
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) 8 8 16
 British Virgin Islands (IVB) 10 2 12
 Brunei (BRU)[A] 6 0 6
 Cambodia (CAM) 10 0 10
 Cape Verde (CPV) 7 0 7
 Cayman Islands (CAY) 11 2 13
 Central African Republic (CAF) 11 0 11
 Chad (CHA) 13 0 13
 Comoros (COM) 7 0 7
 Republic of the Congo (CGO) 13 0 13
 Democratic Republic of the Congo (COD)[COD] 11 0 11
 Cook Islands (COK) 9 0 9
 Dominica (DMA) 7 1 8
 El Salvador (ESA) 12 0 12
Eswatini Eswatini (SWZ)[SWZ] 11 1 12
 Equatorial Guinea (GEQ) 10 0 10
 The Gambia (GAM) 10 0 10
 Guam (GUM) 9 1 10
 Guinea (GUI) 12 0 12
 Guinea-Bissau (GBS) 7 0 7
 Honduras (HON) 12 1 13
 Kiribati (KIR) 5 0 5
 Laos (LAO) 10 0 10
 Lesotho (LES) 12 0 12
 Liberia (LBR)[C] 13 0 13
 Libya (LBA)[D] 11 0 11
 Madagascar (MAD) 13 3 16
 Malawi (MAW) 11 0 11
 Maldives (MDV) 9 0 9
 Mali (MLI) 14 0 14
 Malta (MLT) 17 3 20
 Marshall Islands (MHL) 4 0 4
 Mauritania (MTN) 10 0 10
 Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) 6 0 6
 Monaco (MON)[N] 21 11 32
 Myanmar (MYA)[MYA] 18 0 18
 Nauru (NRU) 7 0 7
 Nepal (NEP)[a] 14 4 18
 Nicaragua (NCA) 13 0 13
 Oman (OMA) 10 0 10
 Palau (PLW) 6 0 6
 Palestine (PLE) 7 0 7
 Papua New Guinea (PNG) 11 0 11
 Rwanda (RWA) 10 0 10
 Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN) 7 0 7
 Saint Lucia (LCA) 7 0 7
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (VIN) 9 0 9
 São Tomé and Príncipe (STP) 7 0 7
 Seychelles (SEY) 10 0 10
 Sierra Leone (SLE) 12 0 12
 Solomon Islands (SOL) 10 0 10
 Somalia (SOM) 10 0 10
 South Sudan (SSD) 2 0 2
 East Timor (TLS)[I] 5 3 8
 Tuvalu (TUV) 4 0 4
 Vanuatu (VAN) 9 0 9
 Yemen (YEM)[YEM] 8 0 8
 Korea (COR) 0 1 1
Federation of Malaya Malaya (MAL)[MAL] 2 0 2
 North Borneo (NBO)[NBO] 1 0 1
 Republic of China (ROC)[ROC] 3 0 3
 Saar (SAA)[SAA] 1 0 1
 North Yemen (YAR)[YAR] 2 0 2
 South Yemen (YMD)[YMD] 1 0 1
 Refugee Olympic Team (ROT) 2 0 2
  1. ^ Tejbir Bura was the first and only Nepalese person to receive an Olympic gold medal. During the 1924 Winter Olympic closing ceremony, the IOC awarded a gold medal in alpinism for the 1922 British Mount Everest expedition, which recognized 21 mountaineers, including the first athletes to be awarded medals posthumously, seven Indian sherpas who were killed in an avalanche on the third and last attempt to summit.[2][3]

List of defunct historical NOCs and special delegations with medals (sortable & unranked)

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Defunct historical NOCs with medals

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A total of 10 defunct historical NOCs have earned at least one medal.

Team Summer Olympic Games Winter Olympic Games Combined total
Team (IOC code)

No.

No.

No.

 Bohemia (BOH)[BOH] [Z] 3 0 1 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 1 3 4
 British West Indies (BWI)[BWI] 1 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 2
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)[TCH] 16 49 49 45 143 16 2 8 15 25 32 51 57 60 168
 East Germany (GDR)[GDR] 5 153 129 127 409 6 39 36 35 110 11 192 165 162 519
 West Germany (FRG)[FRG] 5 56 67 81 204 6 11 15 13 39 11 67 82 94 243
 Netherlands Antilles (AHO)[AHO] [I] 13 0 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 15 0 1 0 1
 Russian Empire (RU1)[RU1] 3 1 4 3 8 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 4 3 8
 Soviet Union (URS)[URS] 9 395 319 296 1,010 9 78 57 59 194 18 473 376 355 1,204
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)[YUG/SCG] 3 2 4 3 9 3 0 0 0 0 6 2 4 3 9
 Yugoslavia (YUG)[YUG to 1992] 16 26 29 28 83 14 0 3 1 4 30 26 32 29 87
Totals 24 682 603 588 1873 19 130 119 123 372 43 812 722 711 2245

Special delegations with medals

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A total of 8 special delegations have earned at least one medal. Medal totals in this table are current through the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing, People's Republic of China, and all changes in medal standings due to doping cases and medal redistributions up to 20 February are taken into account.

  Special delegation, not an actual nation
Team Summer Olympic Games Winter Olympic Games Combined total
Team (IOC code)

No.

No.

No.

 Australasia (ANZ)[ANZ] 2 3 4 5 12 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 4 5 12
 United Team of Germany (EUA)[EUA] 3 28 54 36 118 3 8 6 5 19 6 36 60 41 137
 Unified Team (EUN)[EUN] 1 45 38 29 112 1 9 6 8 23 2 54 44 37 135
 Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)[OAR] 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 6 9 17 1 2 6 9 17
ROC (ROC)[ROC] 1 20 28 23 71 1 5 12 15 32 2 25 40 38 103
 Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA)[IOA] 3 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 1 2
 Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)[IOP] 1 0 1 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 3
 Mixed team (ZZX)[ZZX] 3 11 6 8 25 0 0 0 0 0 3 11 6 8 25
Totals 13 108 131 104 343 6 24 30 37 91 19 132 161 141 434

Top ten medal rankings (combined NOCs)

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The following is the overall medal tally (top ten nations) with the records of current NOCs combined with those of their precursors (sorted by gold, then silver, then bronze), through 2022.

Complete ranked medals (excluding precursors)

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Summer Olympics (1896–2020)

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RankNOCGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States (USA)10618307382629
2 Soviet Union (URS)*3953192961010
3 Great Britain (GBR)284318314916
4 China (CHN)263199174636
5 France (FRA)223251277751
6 Italy (ITA)217188213618
7 Germany (GER)201207247655
8 Hungary (HUN)181154176511
9 Japan (JPN)169150178497
10 Australia (AUS)164173210547
11 East Germany (GDR)*153129127409
12 Sweden (SWE)147177179503
13 Russia (RUS)147126150423
14 Finland (FIN)10185119305
15 South Korea (KOR)9691101288
16 Netherlands (NED)95105122322
17 Romania (ROU)9097121308
18 Cuba (CUB)846982235
19 Poland (POL)7289137298
20 Canada (CAN)71110145326
21 Norway (NOR)615250163
22 West Germany (FRG)*566781204
23 Bulgaria (BUL)548882224
24 Switzerland (SUI)537974206
25 New Zealand (NZL)533351137
26 Czechoslovakia (TCH)*494945143
27 Denmark (DEN)487879205
28 Spain (ESP)487249169
29 Unified Team (EUN)*453829112
30 Belgium (BEL)445657157
31 Turkey (TUR)412636103
32 Brazil (BRA)374271150
33 Greece (GRE)354541121
34 Kenya (KEN)354236113
35 Ukraine (UKR)353668139
36 United Team of Germany (EUA)*285436118
37 South Africa (RSA)27332989
38 Jamaica (JAM)26362688
39 Yugoslavia (YUG)*26292883
40 Iran (IRI)24232976
41 Ethiopia (ETH)23122358
42 Argentina (ARG)21263077
43 Austria (AUT)20354196
44 ROC (ROC)*20282371
45 Czech Republic (CZE)19222667
46 North Korea (PRK)16162355
47 Kazakhstan (KAZ)14223571
48 Croatia (CRO)14131441
49 Belarus (BLR)13304285
50 Mexico (MEX)13243572
51 Ireland (IRL)11101435
52 Mixed team (ZZX)*116825
53 Slovakia (SVK)1014832
54 Georgia (GEO)10121840
55 Estonia (EST)1091736
56 India (IND)1091635
57 Thailand (THA)1081735
58 Uzbekistan (UZB)1062036
59 Indonesia (INA)8141537
60 Egypt (EGY)8111938
61 Slovenia (SLO)891128
62 Bahamas (BAH)82616
63 Azerbaijan (AZE)7142849
64 Chinese Taipei (TPE)7111836
65 Morocco (MAR)751224
66 Lithuania (LTU)671326
67 Serbia (SRB)671124
68 Colombia (COL)5131634
69 Portugal (POR)591428
70 Algeria (ALG)54817
71 Tunisia (TUN)53715
72 Latvia (LAT)411621
73 Uganda (UGA)44311
74 Nigeria (NGR)3111327
75 Venezuela (VEN)37919
76 Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)351119
77 Dominican Republic (DOM)35412
78 Australasia (ANZ)*34512
79 Zimbabwe (ZIM)3418
80 Pakistan (PAK)33410
81 Ecuador (ECU)3205
82 Israel (ISR)31913
83 Cameroon (CMR)3126
84 Kosovo (KOS)3003
85 Mongolia (MGL)2111730
86 Armenia (ARM)28818
87 Chile (CHI)27413
88 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)*2439
89 Hong Kong (HKG)2349
90 Puerto Rico (PUR)22610
 Uruguay (URU)22610
92 Qatar (QAT)2248
93 Bahrain (BRN)2204
94 Luxembourg (LUX)2103
95 Fiji (FIJ)2013
96 Philippines (PHI)15814
97 Russian Empire (RU1)*1438
98 Vietnam (VIE)1315
99 Peru (PER)1304
100 Singapore (SIN)1225
101 Costa Rica (CRC)1124
 Ivory Coast (CIV)1124
 Syria (SYR)1124
 Tajikistan (TJK)1124
105 Grenada (GRN)1113
 Jordan (JOR)1113
107 Burundi (BDI)1102
108 Panama (PAN)1023
109 Bermuda (BER)1012
 Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA)*1012
 Mozambique (MOZ)1012
 Suriname (SUR)1012
 United Arab Emirates (UAE)1012
114 Malaysia (MAS)08513
115 Namibia (NAM)0505
116 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)0347
117 Moldova (MDA)0246
118 Iceland (ISL)0224
 Lebanon (LIB)0224
 Saudi Arabia (KSA)0224
121 Sri Lanka (SRI)0202
 Tanzania (TAN)0202
123 Ghana (GHA)0145
124 Bohemia (BOH)*0134
125 Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)*0123
 San Marino (SMR)0123
127 Botswana (BOT)0112
 Haiti (HAI)0112
 Niger (NIG)0112
 North Macedonia (MKD)0112
 Zambia (ZAM)0112
132 Cyprus (CYP)0101
 Gabon (GAB)0101
 Guatemala (GUA)0101
 Montenegro (MNE)0101
 Netherlands Antilles (AHO)*0101
 Paraguay (PAR)0101
 Samoa (SAM)0101
 Senegal (SEN)0101
 Sudan (SUD)0101
 Tonga (TGA)0101
 Turkmenistan (TKM)0101
 Virgin Islands (ISV)0101
144 Kuwait (KUW)0033
145 Afghanistan (AFG)0022
 British West Indies (BWI)*0022
147 Barbados (BAR)0011
 Burkina Faso (BUR)0011
 Djibouti (DJI)0011
 Eritrea (ERI)0011
 Guyana (GUY)0011
 Iraq (IRQ)0011
 Mauritius (MRI)0011
 Togo (TOG)0011
Totals (154 entries)54605429589216781

Winter Olympics (1924–2022)

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RankNOCGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Norway (NOR)148134123405
2 United States (USA)11412195330
3 Germany (GER)1049865267
4 Soviet Union (URS)*785759194
5 Canada (CAN)777276225
6 Austria (AUT)718891250
7 Sweden (SWE)655160176
8 Switzerland (SUI)634758168
9 Netherlands (NED)534945147
10 Russia (RUS)473935121
11 Finland (FIN)456565175
12 Italy (ITA)424356141
13 France (FRA)414255138
14 East Germany (GDR)*393635110
15 South Korea (KOR)33301679
16 China (CHN)22322377
17 Japan (JPN)17293076
18 Great Britain (GBR)1251734
19 West Germany (FRG)*11151339
20 Czech Republic (CZE)10111334
21 Unified Team (EUN)*96823
22 Belarus (BLR)87520
23 United Team of Germany (EUA)*86519
24 Poland (POL)77923
25 Australia (AUS)67619
26 ROC*5121532
27 Slovenia (SLO)481224
28 Croatia (CRO)46111
29 Slovakia (SVK)44210
30 Estonia (EST)4228
31 Ukraine (UKR)3249
32 Czechoslovakia (TCH)*281525
33 Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)*26917
34 Hungary (HUN)22610
 Liechtenstein (LIE)22610
36 Belgium (BEL)2248
37 New Zealand (NZL)2226
38 Latvia (LAT)13610
39 Kazakhstan (KAZ)1348
40 Bulgaria (BUL)1236
41 Spain (ESP)1135
42 Uzbekistan (UZB)1001
43 Yugoslavia (YUG)*0314
44 Luxembourg (LUX)0202
45 North Korea (PRK)0112
46 Denmark (DEN)0101
47 Romania (ROU)0011
Totals (47 entries)1171116911603500

Combined total (1896–2022)

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RankNOCGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States (USA)11759518332959
2 Soviet Union (URS)*4733763551204
3 Germany (GER)305305312922
4 Great Britain (GBR)296323331950
5 China (CHN)285231197713
6 France (FRA)264293332889
7 Italy (ITA)259231269759
8 Sweden (SWE)212228239679
9 Norway (NOR)209186173568
10 Russia (RUS)194165185544
11 East Germany (GDR)*192165162519
12 Japan (JPN)186179208573
13 Hungary (HUN)183156182521
14 Australia (AUS)170180216566
15 Canada (CAN)148182221551
16 Netherlands (NED)148154167469
17 Finland (FIN)146150184480
18 South Korea (KOR)129121117367
19 Switzerland (SUI)116126132374
20 Austria (AUT)91123132346
21 Romania (ROU)9097122309
22 Cuba (CUB)846982235
23 Poland (POL)7996146321
24 West Germany (FRG)*678294243
25 Bulgaria (BUL)559085230
26 New Zealand (NZL)553553143
27 Unified Team (EUN)*544437135
28 Czechoslovakia (TCH)*515760168
29 Spain (ESP)497352174
30 Denmark (DEN)487979206
31 Belgium (BEL)465861165
32 Turkey (TUR)412636103
33 Ukraine (UKR)383872148
34 Brazil (BRA)374271150
35 United Team of Germany (EUA)*366041137
36 Greece (GRE)354541121
37 Kenya (KEN)354236113
38 Czech Republic (CZE)293339101
39 South Africa (RSA)27332989
40 Jamaica (JAM)26362688
41 Yugoslavia (YUG)*26322987
42 ROC (ROC)*254038103
43 Iran (IRI)24232976
44 Ethiopia (ETH)23122358
45 Belarus (BLR)213747105
46 Argentina (ARG)21263077
47 Croatia (CRO)18191552
48 North Korea (PRK)16172457
49 Kazakhstan (KAZ)15253979
50 Slovakia (SVK)14181042
51 Estonia (EST)14111944
52 Mexico (MEX)13243572
53 Slovenia (SLO)12172352
54 Ireland (IRL)11101435
55 Uzbekistan (UZB)1162037
56 Mixed team (ZZX)*116825
57 Georgia (GEO)10121840
58 India (IND)1091635
59 Thailand (THA)1081735
60 Indonesia (INA)8141537
61 Egypt (EGY)8111938
62 Bahamas (BAH)82616
63 Azerbaijan (AZE)7142849
64 Chinese Taipei (TPE)7111836
65 Morocco (MAR)751224
66 Lithuania (LTU)671326
67 Serbia (SRB)671124
68 Latvia (LAT)5141231
69 Colombia (COL)5131634
70 Portugal (POR)591428
71 Algeria (ALG)54817
72 Tunisia (TUN)53715
73 Uganda (UGA)44311
74 Nigeria (NGR)3111327
75 Venezuela (VEN)37919
76 Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)351119
77 Dominican Republic (DOM)35412
78 Australasia (ANZ)*34512
79 Zimbabwe (ZIM)3418
80 Pakistan (PAK)33410
81 Ecuador (ECU)3205
82 Israel (ISR)31913
83 Cameroon (CMR)3126
84 Kosovo (KOS)3003
85 Mongolia (MGL)2111730
86 Armenia (ARM)28818
87 Chile (CHI)27413
88 Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)*26917
89 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)*2439
90 Hong Kong (HKG)2349
91 Luxembourg (LUX)2305
92 Liechtenstein (LIE)22610
 Puerto Rico (PUR)22610
 Uruguay (URU)22610
95 Qatar (QAT)2248
96 Bahrain (BRN)2204
97 Fiji (FIJ)2013
98 Philippines (PHI)15814
99 Russian Empire (RU1)*1438
100 Vietnam (VIE)1315
101 Peru (PER)1304
102 Singapore (SIN)1225
103 Costa Rica (CRC)1124
 Ivory Coast (CIV)1124
 Syria (SYR)1124
 Tajikistan (TJK)1124
107 Grenada (GRN)1113
 Jordan (JOR)1113
109 Burundi (BDI)1102
110 Panama (PAN)1023
111 Bermuda (BER)1012
 Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA)*1012
 Mozambique (MOZ)1012
 Suriname (SUR)1012
 United Arab Emirates (UAE)1012
116 Malaysia (MAS)08513
117 Namibia (NAM)0505
118 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)0347
119 Moldova (MDA)0246
120 Iceland (ISL)0224
 Lebanon (LIB)0224
 Saudi Arabia (KSA)0224
123 Sri Lanka (SRI)0202
 Tanzania (TAN)0202
125 Ghana (GHA)0145
126 Bohemia (BOH)*0134
127 Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)*0123
 San Marino (SMR)0123
129 Botswana (BOT)0112
 Haiti (HAI)0112
 Niger (NIG)0112
 North Macedonia (MKD)0112
 Zambia (ZAM)0112
134 Cyprus (CYP)0101
 Gabon (GAB)0101
 Guatemala (GUA)0101
 Montenegro (MNE)0101
 Netherlands Antilles (AHO)*0101
 Paraguay (PAR)0101
 Samoa (SAM)0101
 Senegal (SEN)0101
 Sudan (SUD)0101
 Tonga (TGA)0101
 Turkmenistan (TKM)0101
 Virgin Islands (ISV)0101
146 Kuwait (KUW)0033
147 Afghanistan (AFG)0022
 British West Indies (BWI)*0022
149 Barbados (BAR)0011
 Burkina Faso (BUR)0011
 Djibouti (DJI)0011
 Eritrea (ERI)0011
 Guyana (GUY)0011
 Iraq (IRQ)0011
 Mauritius (MRI)0011
 Togo (TOG)0011
Totals (156 entries)66316598705220281

Medal leaders by year

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Summer

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Number of occurrences

Rank Country Number of games
1  United States 18 times
2  Soviet Union 6 times
3  France 1 time
 Great Britain
 Germany
 China
 Unified Team

Winter

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Number of occurrences

Rank Country Number of games
1  Norway 9 times
2  Soviet Union 7 times
3  Germany 3 times
4  Russia 2 times
5  United States 1 time
 Sweden
 East Germany
 Canada

Special case of Germany

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If results for East and West Germany are combined, German athletes also won the most gold medals at the 1976 Summer Olympics and the 1988 Winter Olympics.

Variations

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Early Olympics

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For the 1900 Summer Olympics several countries are credited with appearances that are not considered official by the IOC. Only one of these cases concerns a medal. A gold medal that is officially added to France's total is given to Luxembourg.[4]

Other differences from the official table are based on disagreements about which events were Olympic. This affects several of the events in the 1900 and 1904 Olympics. In addition, some sources include the 1906 Intercalated Games when compiling their medal tables.[5]

Alpinism and aeronautics

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From 1924 through 1936, the IOC on several occasions awarded gold medals for feats of alpinism and aeronautics that occurred in the preceding four-year Olympiad. In 1924, 1932 and 1936, gold medals were awarded to 25 mountaineers from six nations for expeditions in the Himalayas and the Matterhorn. In 1936, a gold medal was awarded to Hermann Schreiber of Switzerland for crossing the Alps in a glider in 1935, the first time that had been done.[2][6][7][8] Some sources include these IOC awards of gold medals in the overall count.

Australasia

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Australasia was a combined team of athletes from Australia and the Dominion of New Zealand that competed together at the 1908 and 1912 Summer Olympics. When the Olympic Games resumed in 1920 after World War I, the two nations sent separate teams to the Games, and have done so ever since.

Date Team
1900–1904  Australia (AUS)
1908–1912  Australasia (ANZ)
1920–  Australia (AUS)  New Zealand (NZL)

Medal counts:
status after the 2022 Winter Olympics

Summer Games Winter Games Combined total
Team (IOC code)

No.

No.

No.

 Australasia (ANZ) 2 3 4 5 12 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 4 5 12
 Australia (AUS) 27 164 173 210 547 20 6 7 6 19 47 170 180 216 566
 New Zealand (NZL) 24 53 33 51 137 17 2 2 2 6 41 55 35 53 143
Total 29 220 210 266 696 20 8 9 8 25 49 228 219 274 721

British West Indies

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The West Indies Federation,[9][10] also known as the West Indies,[11][12] the Federation of the West Indies[13] or the West Indian Federation,[14][15][16] was a short-lived political union that existed from 3 January 1958 to 31 May 1962. Various islands in the Caribbean that were part of the British Empire, including Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Jamaica, and those on the Leeward and Windward Islands, came together to form the Federation.The expressed intention of the Federation was to create a political unit that would become independent from Britain as a single state[17] Before that could happen, the Federation collapsed due to internal political conflicts over how it would be governed or function viably.

Athletes from the West Indies Federation competed under the name Antilles (ANT),[18] renamed to British West Indies (BWI) by the IOC, at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy. Thirteen competitors—two from Barbados, four from Trinidad, and seven from Jamaica—all men, took part in thirteen events in five sports.[19] The short-lived nation only participated at these single Games, as Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago competed independently again in 1964, and Barbados started competing at the 1968 Games.

Date Team
1948–1956  Jamaica (JAM)  Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)
1960  British West Indies (BWI)
1964  Jamaica (JAM)  Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)
1968–  Barbados (BAR)

Medal counts:
status after the 2022 Winter Olympics

Summer Games Winter Games Combined total
Team (IOC code)

No.

No.

No.

 British West Indies (BWI) 1 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 2
 Jamaica (JAM) 18 26 36 26 88 9 0 0 0 0 27 26 36 26 88
 Trinidad and Tobago (TTO) 18 3 5 11 19 4 0 0 0 0 22 3 5 11 19
 Barbados (BAR) 13 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 13 0 0 1 1
Total 18 29 41 40 110 9 0 0 0 0 27 29 41 40 110

Czechoslovakia

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Czechoslovakia first participated at the Olympic Games in 1920, after having competed as Bohemia from 1900 to 1912. The nation sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games since then, except for the 1984 Games when they were part of the Soviet-led boycott of the 1984 Summer Olympics. Czechoslovakia has participated in every Winter Olympic Games since the inaugural Games of 1924.

After the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1993, the Czech Republic and Slovakia sent independent teams to the Olympics starting in 1994.

Date Team
1896 as part of  Hungary
1900–1912 as  Bohemia (BOH)
1920–1992  Czechoslovakia (TCH)
1996–  Czech Republic (CZE)  Slovakia (SVK)

Medal counts:
status after the 2022 Olympics

Summer Games Winter Games Combined total
Team (IOC code)

No.

No.

No.

 Bohemia (BOH) 3 0 1 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 1 3 4
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 16 49 49 45 143 16 2 8 15 25 32 51 57 60 168
 Czech Republic (CZE) 7 19 22 26 67 8 10 11 13 34 15 29 33 39 101
 Slovakia (SVK) 7 10 14 8 32 8 4 4 2 10 15 14 18 10 42
Total 26 78 86 82 246 24 16 23 30 69 50 94 109 112 315

Germany

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Germany has competed under five different designations, including as two separate teams at several Games. Sources vary in how they present the medals won by these teams. The table below shows sourced combinations of these teams, when applied to the updated medal totals from the main table. A part of Germany, Saar, competed independently in the Summer Olympic games in 1952, but failed to win any medals. Due to most lists only listing medal counts, it is possible Saar was included as part of Germany in their calculations. Germany was banned on three occasions (1920, 1924, and 1948).

Date Team
1896–1912 German Empire Germany (GER)
1920–1924 banned
1928–1936 Weimar Republic Nazi Germany Germany (GER)
1948 banned
1952  Saar (SAA)  Germany (GER)
1956–1964  United Team of Germany (EUA)
1968–1988  West Germany (FRG)  East Germany (GDR)
1992–  Germany (GER)

Medal counts:
status after the 2022 Olympics

Summer Games Winter Games Combined total
Team (IOC code)

No.

No.

No.

   Germany (GER) 17 201 207 247 655 13 104 98 65 267 30 305 305 312 922
 Saar (SAA) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
 United Team of Germany (EUA) 3 28 54 36 118 3 8 6 5 19 6 36 60 41 137
 East Germany (GDR) 5 153 129 127 409 6 39 36 35 110 11 192 165 162 519
 West Germany (FRG) 5 56 67 81 204 6 11 15 13 39 11 67 82 94 243
Total 26 438 457 491 1386 22 162 155 118 435 48 600 612 609 1821

Kuwait

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At the 2016 Summer Olympics nine athletes from Kuwait competed as Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA), as the Kuwait Olympic Committee had been suspended by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for the second time in five years due to governmental interference.[20][21][22] Although not allowed to compete as a sovereign state at the 2016 Summer Olympics, the nation's participants were able to compete as Independent Olympic Athletes under the Olympic flag. At those games, Kuwaiti shooters Fehaid Al-Deehani and Abdullah Al-Rashidi won a gold medal and bronze medal respectively as independent athletes.

Date Team
1968–2012  Kuwait (KUW)
2016  Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA) (2016)
2020–  Kuwait (KUW)

Medal counts:
status after the 2022 Olympics

Summer Games Winter Games Combined total
Team (IOC code)

No.

No.

No.

 Kuwait (KUW) 13 0 0 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 13 0 0 3 3
 Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA) (2016) 1 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 2
Total 14 1 0 4 5 0 0 0 0 0 14 1 0 4 5

Netherlands Antilles

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The Netherlands Antilles participated at the Olympic Games from 1952 until 2008 as a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The National Olympic Committee for the Netherlands Antilles was created in 1931 and recognized by the International Olympic Committee from 1950 until 2011 upon the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles.[23]

Aruba left the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 to become a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Between 1952 until 1984, Aruban athletes competed as part of the Netherlands Antilles. Since the Olympic Games in 1988, athletes from Aruba have competed separately under their own Olympic banner and have participated in each Summer Olympic Games since then.

After the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba became part of the Netherlands as special municipalities of the Netherlands. Curaçao and Sint Maarten became separate constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. At the 2012 Olympics, participants from the five islands competed as independent athletes under the Olympic flag. However, athletes from the former Netherlands Antilles who qualified for the 2012 Olympics were allowed to participate independently under the Olympic flag, in addition to the possibility of competing for the Netherlands (as for example Churandy Martina did) or Aruba (because they have Dutch nationality).[24] Ultimately, three athletes from the Netherlands Antilles participated as Independent Olympic Athletes.

Date Team
1900–1948  Netherlands (NED)
1952–1984  Netherlands Antilles (AHO)
1988–2008  Netherlands Antilles (AHO)  Aruba (ARU)
2012 as part of  Netherlands /
 Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA) (2012)
2014–  Netherlands (NED)

Medal counts:
status after the 2022 Olympics

Summer Games Winter Games Combined total
Team (IOC code)

No.

No.

No.

 Netherlands (NED) 27 95 105 122 322 22 53 49 45 147 49 148 154 167 469
 Netherlands Antilles (AHO) 13 0 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 15 0 1 0 1
 Aruba (ARU) 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 0 0 0 0
 Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA) (2012) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Total 27 95 106 122 323 22 53 49 45 147 49 148 155 167 470

Republic of China

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The Republic of China (ROC) participated in its first Summer Olympics in 1932 under the name of China. After the Chinese Civil War, the ROC retreated to the island of Taiwan in 1949, and only Taiwan-based athletes have competed on its behalf since then. In 1971, the ROC was expelled from the United Nations, but was permitted to compete under its official name, flag, and anthem in the 1972 Winter, 1972 Summer, and 1976 Winter Olympics. It was denied official representation in the 1976 Summer Olympics and boycotted it as a result. The 1979 Nagoya Resolution allowed the ROC to compete under the deliberately-ambiguous name "Chinese Taipei"; it protested against this decision and boycotted the 1980 Summer Olympics as well, but has competed under this name since the 1984 Winter Olympics.

The Republic of China took part in the Opening Ceremony of the 1924 Summer Olympics, but its four athletes, all of whom were tennis players, withdrew from competition.[25]

Date Team
1924–1948  Republic of China (ROC)
1952  China (CHN)
1956–  Chinese Taipei (TPE)

Medal counts:
status after the 2022 Olympics

Summer Games Winter Games Combined total
Team (IOC code)

No.

No.

No.

 Republic of China (ROC) 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0
 China (CHN) 11 263 199 174 636 12 22 32 23 77 23 285 231 197 713
 Chinese Taipei (TPE) 15 7 11 18 36 13 0 0 0 0 28 7 11 18 36
Total 19 270 210 192 672 14 22 32 23 77 33 292 242 215 749

Russia and the Soviet Union

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The Russian Federation, the Russian Empire, the Olympic Athletes from Russia and the Russian Olympic Committee (ROC) are sometimes combined outside of IOC sources. The Soviet Union is often combined with the post-union team that competed in 1992.[26][27][28] Some sources combine the Soviet Union and Russia, despite the fact that many republics which subsequently gained or re-gained independence (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan) contributed to the medal tally of the USSR, and there are sources that combine all medals of RU1, URS, EUN, OAR, ROC and RUS.[29][30] On 31 January 1992, the United Nations recognized, without objection, Russia as legal successor of the rights and obligations of the former Soviet Union,[31] but this has no significance in medal tallies.

Date Team
1900–1912  Russian Empire (RU1)
1920  Estonia (EST)
1924–1936  Latvia (LAT)  Lithuania (LTU)
1952–1988  Soviet Union (URS)
1992  Estonia (EST)  Latvia (LAT)  Lithuania (LTU)  Unified Team (EUN)
1994  Russia (RUS)  Armenia (ARM),  Belarus (BLR),  Georgia (GEO),  Kazakhstan (KAZ),  Kyrgyzstan (KGZ),  Moldova (MDA),  Ukraine (UKR),  Uzbekistan (UZB)
1996–2016  Azerbaijan (AZE),  Tajikistan (TJK),  Turkmenistan (TKM)
2018  Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)
2020–2022 Russian Olympic Committee (ROC)

Medal counts:
Russia combined with precursors
status after the 2022 Olympics

Summer Games Winter Games Combined total
Team (IOC code)

No.

No.

No.

 Russia (RUS) 6 147 126 150 423 6 47 39 35 121 12 194 165 185 544
 Russian Empire (RU1) 3 1 4 3 8 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 4 3 8
 Soviet Union (URS) 9 395 319 296 1010 9 78 57 59 194 18 473 376 355 1204
 Unified Team (EUN) 1 45 38 29 112 1 9 6 8 23 2 54 44 37 135
 Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR) 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 6 9 17 1 2 6 9 17
Russian Olympic Committee (ROC) 1 20 28 23 71 1 5 12 15 32 2 25 40 38 103
Total 20 608 515 501 1624 18 141 120 126 387 38 749 635 627 2011

Medal counts:
Post-Soviet states (except Russia)
status after the 2022 Olympics

Summer Games Winter Games Combined total
Team (IOC code)

No.

No.

No.

 Estonia (EST) 13 10 9 17 36 11 4 2 2 8 24 14 11 19 44
 Latvia (LAT) 12 4 11 6 21 12 1 3 6 10 24 5 14 12 31
 Lithuania (LTU) 10 6 7 13 26 10 0 0 0 0 20 6 7 13 26
 Armenia (ARM) 7 2 8 8 18 8 0 0 0 0 15 2 8 8 18
 Belarus (BLR) 7 13 30 42 85 8 8 7 5 20 15 21 37 47 105
 Georgia (GEO) 7 10 12 18 40 8 0 0 0 0 15 10 12 18 40
 Kazakhstan (KAZ) 7 14 22 35 71 8 1 3 4 8 15 15 25 39 79
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ) 7 0 3 4 7 8 0 0 0 0 15 0 3 4 7
 Moldova (MDA) 7 0 2 4 6 8 0 0 0 0 15 0 2 4 6
 Ukraine (UKR) 7 35 36 68 139 8 3 2 4 9 15 38 38 72 148
 Uzbekistan (UZB) 7 10 6 20 36 8 1 0 0 1 15 11 6 20 37
 Azerbaijan (AZE) 7 7 14 28 49 7 0 0 0 0 14 7 14 28 49
 Tajikistan (TJK) 7 1 1 2 4 4 0 0 0 0 11 1 1 2 4
 Turkmenistan (TKM) 7 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 1 0 1
Total 13 112 162 265 539 12 18 17 21 56 25 130 179 286 595

Yugoslavia

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Teams from Yugoslavia first participated at the Olympic Games in 1920. Yugoslavia has been the designation for Olympic teams from three distinct national entities:

The United Nations[32] affirmed that the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia had ceased to exist, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) was a new state. All former republics were entitled to state succession, while none of them continued SFR Yugoslavia's international legal personality. As a result of the U.N. resolution, individual FRY athletes were allowed to compete as Independent Olympic Participants at the 1992 Summer Olympics, and FRY was not allowed to compete at the 1994 Winter Olympics.

The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, consisting of the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro, participated at the Games since 1996. At the 1996[33] and 2000[34] Games, the nation was designated with the same code, Yugoslavia (YUG), as the defunct SFRY. It was rechartered as the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in 2003 with there being no territorial changes. The Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) designation and code were used at the 2004 Games.[35]

Two of the successor nations (Croatia and Slovenia) began to compete as independent teams at the Olympics starting at the 1992 Winter Games and Bosnia and Herzegovina at the 1992 Summer Games and as of the 2008 Summer Olympics, all six successor nations, former socialist republics, have participated independently. Kosovo, a former autonomous province, made its Olympic debut as an independent national team at the 2016 Summer Olympics.

Date Team
1912 as part of  Austria  Serbia (SRB)
1920–1936 Kingdom of Yugoslavia Kingdom of Yugoslavia (YUG)
1948–1988 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia SFR Yugoslavia (YUG)
1992 W  Croatia (CRO)  Slovenia (SLO) Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia SFR Yugoslavia (YUG)
1992 S  Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)  Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)
1994 ban on participation by the UN
1996–2006  North Macedonia (MKD)