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Canoeing at the Summer Olympics

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Canoeing and kayaking have been featured as competition sports in the Summer Olympic Games since the 1936 Games in Berlin, although they were demonstration sports at the 1924 Games in Paris.[1] There are two disciplines of canoeing in Olympic competition: slalom and sprint.

Canoeing at the Summer Olympics
Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg
Governing bodyICF
Events16 (men: 8; women: 8)
Games
  • 1896
  • 1900
  • 1904
  • 1908
  • 1912
  • 1920
Note: demonstration or exhibition sport years indicated in italics

Two styles of boats are used in this sport: canoes with 1 or 2 canoers and kayaks with 1, 2 or 4 kayakers. This leads to the name designation of each event. For example, "C-1" is a canoe singles event and "K-2" is a kayak doubles event. Races are usually 500 metres or 1000 metres long, although there were also 10 km events from 1936 to 1956. On 13 August 2009, it was announced by the International Canoe Federation that the men's 500 m events would be replaced at the 2012 Summer Olympics by 200 m events with one of them being K-1 200 m for the women. The other events for men at 200 m will be C-1, K-1, and K-2.[2] This was confirmed at their 2009 Board of Directors meeting in Windsor, Berkshire, Great Britain on 5 December 2009.[3]

Contents

EventsEdit

The following tables shows which events were contested at each Games.

SlalomEdit

Current program
Event 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Total
Men's C-1 9
Men's K-1 9
Women's C-1 1
Women's K-1 9
Past events
Event 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Total
Men's C-2 8
Total 4 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

SprintEdit

Current program
Event 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Total
Men's C-1 1000 m 20
Men's C-2 1000 m 20
Men's K-1 200 m 3
Men's K-1 1000 m 20
Men's K-2 1000 m 20
Men's K-4 500 m 1
Women's C-1 200 m 1
Women's C-2 500 m 1
Women's K-1 200 m 3
Women's K-1 500 m 19
Women's K-2 500 m 16
Women's K-4 500 m 10
Past events
Event 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Total
Men's C-1 200 m 2
Men's C-1 500 m 9
Men's C-1 10000 m 3
Men's C-2 500 m 9
Men's C-2 10000 m 4
Men's K-1 500 m 9
Men's K-1 10000 m 4
Men's K-1 4 × 500 m 1
Men's K-2 200 m 2
Men's K-2 500 m 9
Men's K-2 10000 m 4
Men's K-4 1000 m 14
Men's folding K-1 10000 m 1
Men's folding K-2 10000 m 1
Total 9 9 9 9 7 7 7 7 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12

Medal tableEdit

Updated after the 2016 Summer Olympics

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Germany (GER)32182070
2  Soviet Union (URS)2913951
3  Hungary (HUN)25292680
4  Sweden (SWE)1511430
5  East Germany (GDR)147930
6  Romania (ROU)10101434
7  France (FRA)891936
8  Slovakia (SVK)86418
9  Czechoslovakia (TCH)74112
10  New Zealand (NZL)73212
11  Italy (ITA)66416
12  Norway (NOR)64414
13  Great Britain (GBR)57517
14  Spain (ESP)57416
15  United States (USA)55616
16  Finland (FIN)52310
17  Canada (CAN)4101024
18  Bulgaria (BUL)45817
19  Czech Republic (CZE)45514
20  United Team of Germany (EUA)45211
21  Australia (AUS)381324
22  Denmark (DEN)36514
23  Austria (AUT)35614
24  Ukraine (UKR)3238
25  West Germany (FRG)26311
26  Russia (RUS)23813
27  Belarus (BLR)2248
28  Yugoslavia (YUG)2215
29  China (CHN)2002
30  Unified Team (EUN)1102
31  Poland (POL)071320
32  Netherlands (NED)0358
33  Cuba (CUB)0303
34  Brazil (BRA)0213
35  Latvia (LAT)0202
  Slovenia (SLO)0202
37  Azerbaijan (AZE)0112
38  Moldova (MDA)0101
  Portugal (POR)0101
  Serbia (SRB)0101
  Switzerland (SUI)0101
42  Israel (ISR)0011
  Japan (JPN)0011
  Lithuania (LTU)0011
  South Africa (RSA)0011
  Togo (TOG)0011
Totals (46 nations)226225227678

NationsEdit

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
  Andorra (AND)                 1 1
  Angola (ANG)                 1 2 2
  Antigua and Barbuda (ANT)                 3 1
  Argentina (ARG)                 1 8 5 4 3 2 2 3 10 9
  Australia (AUS)                 8 7 10 6 7 8 5 9 8 17 23 21 16 16 20 18 16
  Austria (AUT)                 9 7 7 7 10 5 4 12 2 6 2 4 3 4 2 4 4 2 18
  Armenia (ARM)                 1 1
  Azerbaijan (AZE)                 3 4 2
  Belarus (BLR)                 4 5 9 8 12 12 6
  Belgium (BEL)                 9 9 4 2 4 2 3 8 11 6 5 2 2 3 1 3 2 4 1 19
  Bolivia (BOL)                 1 1 2
  Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)                 1 1 1 3
  Brazil (BRA)                 6 3 4 2 2 3 13 7
  Bulgaria (BUL)                 5 2 3 7 12 12 12 11 11 7 7 2 1 2 14
  Canada (CAN)             (D)     8 7 11 9 6 6 10 12 14 15 14 18 21 16 19 21 8 9 19
  Chile (CHI)                 1 1 2
  China (CHN)                 4 4 4 8 15 23 18 10 8
  Cook Islands (COK)                 2 2 2
  Costa Rica (CRC)                 4 2 2
  Croatia (CRO)                 4 4 4 3 2 1 6
  Cuba (CUB)                 2 3 5 3 4 4 6 6 8
  Czech Republic (CZE)                 25 19 10 7 11 12 6
  Czechoslovakia (TCH)                 13 13 13 5 10 4 5 23 11 9 9 27 12
  Denmark (DEN)                 4 7 9 7 9 7 5 6 1 1 1 6 6 4 3 2 4 5 5 19
  East Germany (GDR)                 12 26 11 13 15 5
  Ecuador (ECU)                 1 1 2
  Egypt (EGY)                 1 2 2
  Estonia (EST)                 1 1 1 3
  Finland (FIN)                 3 5 10 6 9 3 5 4 7 4 5 3 2 1 1 2 4 2 18
  France (FRA)                 3 10 13 6 9 2 6 14 13 11 14 16 31 19 14 13 15 14 15 19
  Georgia (GEO)                 1 1
  Germany (GER)                 14 10 29 27 25 26 22 21 16 19
  Great Britain (GBR)                 3 7 7 3 7 5 10 20 11 11 15 17 25 17 12 9 7 15 11 19
  Greece (GRE)                 1 6 3 1 4
  Guam (GUM)                 1 1
  Guatemala (GUA)                 1 1
  Hong Kong (HKG)                 6 7 2 2 4
  Hungary (HUN)                 5 5 12 13 9 10 10 12 14 16 16 14 19 15 16 16 13 18 18
  Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)                 5 1
  Indonesia (INA)                 3 1 2
  Iran (IRI)                 1 2 2
  Ireland (IRL)                 4 4 2 1 4 5 6 3 2 1 3 11
  Israel (ISR)                 1 1 5 3 1 5
  Italy (ITA)                 1 6 12 4 2 10 11 5 7 5 18 15 8 8 16 8 4 17
  Ivory Coast (CIV)                 3 5 4 2 2 2 1 7
  Japan (JPN)                 12 2 5 3 5 8 6 8 2 5 9 8 5 13
  Kazakhstan (KAZ)                 8 4 3 7 5 13 6
  Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)                 2 1
  Latvia (LAT)                 3 3 1 1 3 2 2 7
  Lebanon (LIB)                 1 1
  Lithuania (LTU)                 1 2 3 3 4 2 6 7
  Luxembourg (LUX)                 3 3 4 3 4
  Macedonia (MKD)                 3 1 1 1 4
  Malaysia (MAS)                 1 1
  Mexico (MEX)                 12 7 4 2 4 6 2 3 1 1 10
  Moldova (MDA)                 4 1 2
  Morocco (MAR)                 1 1 1 3
  Mozambique (MOZ)                 1 1
  Myanmar (MYA)                 1 1
  Netherlands (NED)                 9 7 5 4 5 7 2 2 6 3 2 4 2 2 2 15
  New Zealand (NZL)                 2 4 3 6 7 8 1 2 5 8 9 11
  Nigeria (NGR)                 1 1 2
  Norway (NOR)                 1 4 4 1 2 5 6 7 13 7 7 5 4 6 1 2 16
  Palau (PLW)                 1 1
  Panama (PAN)                 1 1
  Peru (PER)                 1 1
  Poland (POL)                 2 3 4 6 9 8 23 13 15 12 18 23 21 23 21 13 15 17
  Portugal (POR)                 3 7 6 1 1 4 6 7 8
  Romania (ROU)                 1 5 11 11 11 11 13 14 14 5 14 14 13 10 5 11 8 17
  Russia (RUS)                 14 12 8 14 21 19 6
  Saar (SAA)                 3 1
  Samoa (SAM)                 1 1 1 3
  São Tomé and Príncipe (STP)                 1 1 2
  Senegal (SEN)                 2 1 3 3
  Serbia (SRB)                 12 10 2
  Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)                 1 6 2 3
  Seychelles (SEY)                 1 1 2
  Singapore (SIN)                 1 1
  Slovakia (SVK)                 17 19 16 12 12 12 6
  Slovenia (SLO)                 6 5 4 4 3 6 6 7
  South Africa (RSA)                 11 1 2 1 10 2 1 7
  South Korea (KOR)                 2 15 6 2 1 1 2 7
  Soviet Union (URS)                 13 9 12 13 11 15 15 15 17 9
  Spain (ESP)                 2 5 4 7 5 10 11 22 19 17 14 10 8 11 14
  Sweden (SWE)                 9 9 10 6 6 7 11 10 11 12 11 11 13 12 10 5 3 6 5 19
  Switzerland (SUI)                 9 6 7 4 6 3 4 1 6 8 3 4 1 2 14
  Thailand (THA)                 1 1
  Togo (TOG)                 1 1 1 3
  Tunisia (TUN)                 3 3 2
  Turkey (TUR)                 1 1
  Ukraine (UKR)                 13 11 7 6 2 9 6
  United Team of Germany (EUA)                 10 10 12 3
  Unified Team (EUN)                 19 1
  United States (USA)             (D)     10 8 9 12 13 11 12 26 16 16 16 32 25 14 17 7 7 6 19
  Uruguay (URU)                 1 1 2
  Uzbekistan (UZB)                 17 1 7 1 2 4 6
  Venezuela (VEN)                 3 1
  Vietnam (VIE)                 1 1
  West Germany (FRG)                 13 28 13 15 14 5
  Yugoslavia (YUG)                 4 1 3 4 2 13 1 3 3 3 10
No. of nations 94
No. of athletes
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Olympic sprint events
  2. ^ "IOC announcement of canoe sprint format changes for the 2012 Summer Olympics". International Canoe Federation. Archived from the original on 14 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. ^ "The Board of Directors Wrap Up in Windsor." - International Canoe Federation (5 December 2009) - accessed 18 December 2009.[permanent dead link]