Open main menu

India first participated at the Olympic Games in 1900, with a lone athlete (Norman Pritchard) winning two medals- both silver- in athletics. The nation first sent a team to the Summer Olympic Games in 1920, and has participated in every Summer Games since then. India has also competed at several Winter Olympic Games beginning in 1964. Indian athletes have won 28 medals, all at the Summer Games. For a period of time, India national field hockey team was dominant in Olympic competition, winning eleven medals in twelve Olympics between 1920 and 1980. The run included 8 gold medals total and six successive gold medals from 1928–1956.

India at the
Olympics
Flag of India.svg
IOC codeIND
NOCIndian Olympic Association
Websitewww.olympic.ind.in
Medals
Gold
9
Silver
7
Bronze
12
Total
28
Olympics appearances (overview)
34
Summer appearances
Winter appearances
Other related appearances
 Independent Olympic Participants
The Indian Hockey team at the 1936 Berlin Olympics, later going on to defeat Germany 8–1 in the final

Contents

History

Early history

 
Indian Olympic delegation 1920

India sent its first athlete to the Summer Olympics for the 1900 Games, but an Indian national team did not compete at the Summer Olympics until 1920. Ahead of the 1920 Games, Sir Dorabji Tata and Governor of Bombay George Lloyd helped India secure representation at the International Olympic Council, enabling it to participate in the Games (see India at the 1920 Olympic Games). India then sent a team to the 1920 Olympics, comprising four athletes, two wrestlers, and managers Sohrab Bhoot and A. H. A. Fyzee. The Indian Olympic movement was then established during the 1920s: some founders of this movement were Dorabji Tata, A.G. Noehren (Madras College of Physical Education), H.C. Buck (Madras College of Physical Education), Moinul Haq (Bihar sports associations), S. Bhoot (Bombay Olympic Association), A.S. Bhagwat (Deccan Gymkhana), and Guru Dutt Sondhi (Punjab Olympic Association); Lt.Col H.L.O. Garrett (from the Government College Lahore and Punjab Olympic Association) and Sagnik Poddar (of St. Stephen's School) helped organise some early national games; and prominent patrons included Maharajas and royal princes Bhupinder Singh of Patiala, Ranjitsinhji of Nawanagar, the Maharaja of Kapurthala, and the Maharaja of Burdwan.

In 1923, a provisional All India Olympic Committee was formed, and in February 1924, the All India Olympic Games (that later became the National Games of India) were held to select a team for the Paris Summer Olympics. The Indian delegation at the Paris Olympics comprised seven athletes, seven tennis players and team manager Harry Buck.

In 1927, the provisional Indian Olympic Committee formally became the Indian Olympic Association (IOA); its main tasks were to promote the development of sports in India, choose host cities for the national games, and send teams selected from the national games to the Summer Olympics. Thus, at the 1928 national games, it selected seven athletes to represent India at the next Summer Olympics, with Sondhi as manager. By this time, the Indian Hockey Federation (IHF) had also been established and it sent a hockey team to the Summer Olympics. The national hockey team and additional sportspersons were similarly sent to the 1932 Games (four athletes and one swimmer) and 1936 (four athletes, three wrestlers, one Burmese weight-lifter), along with three officials headed by team manager Sondhi.

From 1948 onward, because of the IOA's wider outreach, India began sending delegations of over 50 sportspersons representing several sport, each selected by its sports federation, to the Summer Olympics. The delegation was headed by a chef-de-mission.

Thus, India's Summer Olympic delegation in the early Olympic Games was as follows:

  • 1900: One athlete
  • 1920: 6 competitors (four athletes, two wrestlers) and managers Bhoot and Fyzee
  • 1924: 14 competitors (seven athletes, seven tennis players) and manager Harry Crowe Buck
  • 1928: 21 competitors (seven athletes and a hockey team of 14) and manager G D Sondhi
  • 1932: 20 competitors (four athletes, one swimmer, and a hockey team of 15) and three officials headed by manager G D Sondhi
  • 1936: 27 competitors (four athletes, three wrestlers, one Burmese weight-lifter, and a hockey team of 19) and three officials including manager G D Sondhi
  • 1948: 79 competitors and a few officials headed by chef-de-mission Moin ul Haq
  • 1952: 64 competitors and some officials headed by chef-de-mission Moin ul Haq

Recent history

At the 2008 Beijing Olympics, Abhinav Bindra won gold in the Men's 10 metre air rifle event becoming the first Indian to win an individual gold medal at the Olympic Games. Vijender Singh got the country's first medal in boxing with his bronze medal in Middleweight category.

The 2012 Summer Olympics saw an 83-member Indian contingent participating in the games and setting a new best for the country with a total of six medals. Wrestler Sushil Kumar became the first Indian with multiple individual Olympic medals (bronze at the 2008 Beijing Olympics and silver at the 2012 Summer Olympics) since Norman Pritchard in 1900. Saina Nehwal won bronze medal in badminton in Women's singles getting the country's first Olympic medal in badminton. Pugilist Mary Kom became the first Indian woman to win a medal in boxing with her bronze medal finish in Women's flyweight.

At the 2016 Summer Olympics, a record number of 118 athletes competed. Sakshi Malik became the first Indian woman wrestler to win an Olympic medal with her bronze medal finish in Women's freestyle 58 kg category. Shuttler P. V. Sindhu became the first Indian woman to win a silver medal in Olympics and also the youngest Indian Olympic medallist.

List of competitors

This list provides a comparative compendium of all the participants/competitors of India in the summer Olympic games.

Games Sports Men Women Total Change   Gold   Silver   Bronze Total Change
1900 1 1 0 1 NA 0 2 0 2 NA
1920 2 6 0 6 +5 0 0 0 0 −2
1924 2 13 2 15 +8 0 0 0 0 0
1928 2 21 0 21 +7 1 0 0 1 +1
1932 3 30 0 30 +9 1 0 0 1 0
1936 3–4 27 0 27 −3 1 0 0 1 0
1948 10 79 0 79 +52 1 0 0 1 0
1952 11 60 4 64 −15 1 0 1 2 +1
1956 8 58 1 59 −5 1 0 0 1 −1
1960 6 45 0 45 −14 0 1 0 1 0
1964 8 52 1 53 +8 1 0 0 1 0
1968 5 25 0 25 −28 0 0 1 1 0
1972 7 40 1 41 +16 0 0 1 1 0
1976 2 20 0 20 −21 0 0 0 0 −1
1980 1 58 18 76 +56 1 0 0 1 +1
1984 48 −28 0 0 0 0 −1
1988 7 46 −2 0 0 0 0 0
1992 5 53 +7 0 0 0 0 0
1996 13 44 4 49 −4 0 0 1 1 +1
2000 7 65 +16 0 0 1 1 0
2004 14 48 25 73 +8 0 1 0 1 0
2008 12 31 25 56 −17 1 0 2 3 +2
2012 13 60 23 83 +27 0 2 4 6 +3
2016 15 66 54 118 +35 0 1 1 2 −4

This list provides a comparative compendium of all the participants/competitors of India in the winter Olympic games.

Games Sports Men Women Total Change   Gold   Silver   Bronze Total Change
1964 1 1 0 1 NA 0 0 0 0 NA
1968 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1988 1 2 1 3 +2 0 0 0 0 0
1992 1 2 0 2 −1 0 0 0 0 0
1998 1 1 0 1 −1 0 0 0 0 0
2002 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
2006 3 3 1 4 +3 0 0 0 0 0
2010 3 3 0 3 −1 0 0 0 0 0
2014 3 3 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
2018 2 2 0 2 −1 0 0 0 0 0

Medal tables

  • Red colour indicates the best performance.

Medals by Summer Games

Games   Gold   Silver   Bronze Total Rank
  1896 Athens did not participate
  1900 Paris 0 2 0 2[1] 17
  1904 St. Louis did not participate
  1908 London
  1912 Stockholm
  1920 Antwerp 0 0 0 0 -
  1924 Paris 0 0 0 0 -
  1928 Amsterdam 1 0 0 1[2] 23
  1932 Los Angeles 1 0 0 1[3] 19
  1936 Berlin 1 0 0 1[4] 20
  1948 London 1 0 0 1[5] 22
  1952 Helsinki 1 0 1 2[5] 26
  1956 Melbourne 1 0 0 1[5] 24
  1960 Rome 0 1 0 1[6] 32
  1964 Tokyo 1 0 0 1[7] 24
  1968 Mexico City 0 0 1 1[8] 42
  1972 Munich 0 0 1 1[9] 43
  1976 Montreal 0 0 0 0 -
  1980 Moscow 1 0 0 1[10] 23
  1984 Los Angeles 0 0 0 0 -
  1988 Seoul 0 0 0 0 -
  1992 Barcelona 0 0 0 0 -
  1996 Atlanta 0 0 1 1[11] 71
  2000 Sydney 0 0 1 1[12] 71
  2004 Athens 0 1 0 1[13] 65
  2008 Beijing 1 0 2 3[13] 50
  2012 London 0 2 4 6[13] 55
  2016 Rio de Janeiro 0 1[14] 1[15] 2[16] 67
Total 9 7 12 28

Medals by sport

  Leading in that Sport
Sport   Gold   Silver   Bronze Total Rank
  Field hockey 8 1 2 11 1
  Shooting 1 2 1 4 34
  Athletics 0 2 0 2 71
  Wrestling 0 1 4 5 43
  Badminton 0 1 1 2 9
  Boxing 0 0 2 2 64
  Tennis 0 0 1 1 30
  Weightlifting 0 0 1 1

56

Total 9 7 12 28 12

List of medallists

Medal Name/Team Games Sport Event
  Silver Norman Pritchard[1][17]   1900 Paris  Athletics Men's 200 metres
  Silver Norman Pritchard[1][17]   1900 Paris  Athletics Men's 200 metre hurdles
  Gold National team[2]   1928 Amsterdam  Field hockey Men's competition
  Gold National team[3]   1932 Los Angeles  Field hockey Men's competition
  Gold National team[4]   1936 Berlin  Field hockey Men's competition
  Gold National team[5]   1948 London  Field hockey Men's competition
  Gold National team[5]   1952 Helsinki  Field hockey Men's competition
  Bronze Khashaba Dadasaheb Jadhav[5]   1952 Helsinki  Wrestling Men's freestyle bantamweight
  Gold National team[5]   1956 Melbourne  Field hockey Men's competition
  Silver National team[6]   1960 Rome  Field hockey Men's competition
  Gold National team[7]   1964 Tokyo  Field hockey Men's competition
  Bronze National team[8]   1968 Mexico City  Field hockey Men's competition
  Bronze National team[9]   1972 Munich  Field hockey Men's competition
  Gold National team[10]   1980 Moscow  Field hockey Men's competition
  Bronze Leander Paes[11]   1996 Atlanta  Tennis Men's singles
  Bronze Karnam Malleswari[12]   2000 Sydney  Weightlifting Women's 69 kg
  Silver Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore[13]   2004 Athens  Shooting Men's double trap
  Gold Abhinav Bindra[13]   2008 Beijing  Shooting Men's 10 m Air Rifle
  Bronze Vijender Singh[13]   2008 Beijing  Boxing Middleweight
  Bronze Sushil Kumar[13]   2008 Beijing  Wrestling Men's freestyle 66 kg
  Silver Vijay Kumar[13]   2012 London  Shooting Men's 25 Rapid Fire Pistol
  Silver Sushil Kumar[13]   2012 London  Wrestling Men's freestyle 66 kg
  Bronze Saina Nehwal[13]   2012 London  Badminton Women's singles
  Bronze Mary Kom[13]   2012 London   Boxing Women's flyweight
  Bronze Gagan Narang[13]   2012 London  Shooting Men's 10m Air Rifle
  Bronze Yogeshwar Dutt[13]   2012 London  Wrestling Men's freestyle 60 kg
  Silver P. V. Sindhu[14]   2016 Rio de Janeiro  Badminton Women's singles
  Bronze Sakshi Malik[15]   2016 Rio de Janeiro  Wrestling Women's freestyle 58 kg

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c N. Kesavan (25 July 2016). "Indian medal winners at Olympics". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  2. ^ a b "1928 Olympics: India's first step towards ascending hockey throne". The Hindu. 7 July 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  3. ^ a b "1932 Olympics games: India's dominance continues". The Hindu. 7 July 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  4. ^ a b "1936 Olympics: Hat-trick for India under Dhyan Chand". The Hindu. 8 July 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Rohan Puri (26 July 2016). "Olympics: Down the memory lane 1940–1956". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  6. ^ a b "1960 Olympics: Pakistan ends India's dominance". The Hindu. 12 July 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Gold winning hockey team of 1964 Tokyo Olympics felicitated". The Times of India. 26 November 2014. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
  8. ^ a b "When Indian hockey first went `bronze'". The Hindu. 16 September 2000. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  9. ^ a b "1972 Olympics: India's golden glory fades". The Hindu. 16 July 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  10. ^ a b "1980 Olympics: India sinks Spain for gold". The Hindu. 17 July 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  11. ^ a b Rohit Brijnath (31 August 1996). "Olympics 1996: How Leander Paes won India's first individual Olympic medal in 44 years". India Today. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  12. ^ a b "Sydney Olympics hero Karnam Malleswari lauds Sakshi Malik, urges her to start preparing for Tokyo Games". India Today. 18 August 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Rohan Puri (30 July 2016). "Olympics: Down the memory lane 2004–2012". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  14. ^ a b Manoj Bhagavatula (19 August 2016). "Rio 2016 Live: Silver for India's golden girl, Sindhu puts up tough fight". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  15. ^ a b "Rohtak Zen in Rio zone, Sakshi Malik brings wrestling bronze from Olympics". The Indian Express. 19 August 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  16. ^ "Rio Olympics 2016: PV Sindhu assures India of a second medal, enters women's badminton finals". The Economic Times. 18 August 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  17. ^ a b "India at the 1900 Paris Summer Games". Sports Reference. Retrieved 18 August 2016.

External links