Chinese Taipei at the Olympics

The Republic of China (commonly known as Taiwan) currently competes as "Chinese Taipei" at the Olympic Games. The ROC first participated at the Summer Olympic Games in 1932. After the Chinese Civil War the ROC retreated to the island of Taiwan and only Taiwan-based athletes have competed in its team since then. The ROC boycotted the Olympics starting from the 1976 Summer Games until it returned to the 1984 Winter Games, and started participating as Chinese Taipei.

Chinese Taipei at the
Olympics
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg
IOC codeTPE
NOCChinese Taipei Olympic Committee
Websitewww.tpenoc.net (in Chinese and English)
Medals
Gold
5
Silver
6
Bronze
11
Total
22
Summer appearances
Winter appearances
Other related appearances
 Republic of China (1924–1972)

Due to pressure from the People’s Republic of China, since 1984, Taiwanese athletes have competed under the Chinese Taipei Olympic flag instead of the flag of the Republic of China. For any medal ceremony, the National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China is played instead of the National Anthem of the Republic of China.

Taiwanese athletes won their first Olympic medal in 1960, and their first gold medal in 2004.

Medal tablesEdit

Medals by sportEdit

SportGoldSilverBronzeTotal
  Weightlifting3238
  Taekwondo2158
  Archery0123
  Athletics0112
  Table tennis0112
  Baseball0101
Totals (6 sports)571224

List of medalistsEdit

Medal Name Games Sport Event
  Silver Yang Chuan-kwang   1960 Rome   Athletics Men's decathlon
  Bronze Chi Cheng   1968 Mexico City   Athletics Women's 80 metre hurdles
  Bronze Tsai Wen-yee   1984 Los Angeles   Weightlifting Men's 60 kg
  Silver Chang Cheng-hsien
Chang Wen-chung
Chang Yaw-teing
Chen Chi-hsin
Chen Wei-chen
Chiang Tai-chuan
Huang Chung-yi
Huang Wen-po
Jong Yeu-jeng
Ku Kuo-chian
Kuo Lee Chien-fu
Liao Ming-hsiung
Lin Chao-huang
Lin Kun-han
Lo Chen-jung
Lo Kuo-chong
Pai Kun-hong
Tsai Ming-hung
Wang Kuang-shih
Wu Shih-hsih
  1992 Barcelona   Baseball Men's competition
  Silver Chen Jing   1996 Atlanta   Table tennis Women's singles
  Silver Li Feng-ying   2000 Sydney   Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
  Bronze Chen Jing   2000 Sydney   Table tennis Women's singles
  Bronze Chi Shu-ju   2000 Sydney   Taekwondo Women's 49 kg
  Bronze Huang Chih-hsiung   2000 Sydney   Taekwondo Men's 58 kg
  Bronze Kuo Yi-hang   2000 Sydney   Weightlifting Women's 75 kg
  Gold Chen Shih-hsin   2004 Athens   Taekwondo Women's flyweight
  Gold Chu Mu-yen   2004 Athens   Taekwondo Men's flyweight
  Silver Chen Szu-yuan
Liu Ming-huang
Wang Cheng-pang
  2004 Athens   Archery Men's team
  Silver Huang Chih-hsiung   2004 Athens   Taekwondo Men's lightweight
  Bronze Chen Li-ju
Wu Hui-ju
Yuan Shu-chi
  2004 Athens   Archery Women's team
  Gold Chen Wei-ling   2008 Beijing   Weightlifting Women's 48 kg
  Silver Lu Ying-chi   2008 Beijing   Weightlifting Women's 63 kg
  Bronze Chu Mu-yen   2008 Beijing   Taekwondo Men's 58 kg
  Bronze Sung Yu-chi   2008 Beijing   Taekwondo Men's 68 kg
  Gold Hsu Shu-ching   2012 London   Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
  Bronze Tseng Li-cheng   2012 London   Taekwondo Women's 57 kg
  Gold Hsu Shu-ching   2016 Rio de Janeiro   Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
  Bronze Le Chien-ying
Lin Shih-chia
Tan Ya-ting
  2016 Rio de Janeiro   Archery Women's team
  Bronze Kuo Hsing-chun   2016 Rio de Janeiro   Weightlifting Women's 58 kg

Timeline concerning Olympic recognitionEdit

The following timeline concerns the different names and principal events concerning recognition of the ROC Olympic team:

  • 1910: The "Chinese National Olympic Committee" is created.
  • 1932: ROC competes in the Olympics for the first time as China [1]
  • 1951: The Chinese National Olympic Committee moves from Nanking to Taipei;[1]
  • 1952: ROC team briefly withdraws from the Olympics[2] because its delegation was listed as China (Formosa)[citation needed];
  • 1954: IOC adopted a resolution officially recognising the People's Republic of China (PRC) “Chinese Olympics Committee”. The PRC is invited to take part in the 1956 Olympics. The PRC organises a delegation;[1][3]
  • 1956: ROC represented at Melbourne Games as the Republic of China. PRC withdrew from the Games in protest because in the list of IOC members two Chinese National Olympic Committees were listed;[1][3]
  • 1958: PRC withdrew from Olympic movement and from the federations governing Olympic sports. Professor Tung Hou Yi, an IOC member for the PRC resigned;[1]
  • 1959: ROC informed that as it did not control sport on Mainland China, it could not continue to be recognized as the "Chinese National Olympic Committee". All applications under a different name would be considered;[1]
  • 1960: ROC committee renamed the "Olympic Committee of the Republic of China", and so recognized;[1]
  • 1963: Agreed by the IOC that during an Olympic Games the delegation from Taiwan should be known as Taiwan but would be allowed to use the initials "ROC" on sports outfits;[1]
  • 1968: IOC agreed to renaming the Taiwan team as the Republic of China after the 1968 Games and to its participation under that banner;[1]
  • 1976: ROC is not permitted to participate in the Montreal Games as long as it insists on the name "Republic of China," because the host country, Canada, recognized the PRC as the sole legitimate government of "China".
  • 1979: IOC recognises the PRC Olympics committee as representing China for the first time since Communist rule began in 1949. The IOC decision followed a postal ballot among 89 members. Under the IOC decision, the ROC’s Olympics committee would be: renamed the “Chinese Taipei Olympics Committee”; recognised only as a provincial body; and would no longer be allowed to use the ROC's national anthem or flag at the Olympic Games.[1][3]
  • 1980: Chinese Taipei boycotts the Moscow Games due to the decision it must use the name Chinese Taipei in international sporting events.
  • 1984: Chinese Taipei competes for the first time under the new moniker at the Sarajevo Winter Games.
  • ROC athletes have won a total of 24 medals at the Summer Games, with taekwondo as the top medal-producing sport. The ROC has never won a medal at the Winter Olympic Games.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i The Times, "The Latest Threat to the Olympics - And its all over a name", 10 July 1976
  2. ^ Werner Soderstrom Osakeyhtio, "The Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad Helsinki 1952" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-11. (30.6 MB) p. 32, Sulo Kolkka (ed.), Alex Matson (trans.), The Organising Committee for the XV Olympiad Helsinki 1952, 1952
  3. ^ a b c Chinese Olympics Committee website

External linksEdit