Chinese Taipei at the Olympics

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), currently competes as "Chinese Taipei" at the Olympic Games. The ROC first participated at the Summer Olympic Games in 1932. After the Chinese Civil War the ROC retreated to the island of Taiwan and only Taiwan-based athletes have competed in its team since then. The ROC boycotted the Olympics starting from the 1976 Summer Games until it returned to the 1984 Winter Games, and started participating as Chinese Taipei.

Chinese Taipei at the
Olympics
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg
IOC codeTPE
NOCChinese Taipei Olympic Committee
Websitewww.tpenoc.net (in Chinese and English)
Medals
Ranked 64th
Gold
7
Silver
11
Bronze
18
Total
36
Summer appearances
Winter appearances
Other related appearances
 Republic of China (1924-1948)

Due to pressure from the People’s Republic of China, since 1984, Taiwanese athletes have competed under the Chinese Taipei Olympic flag instead of the flag of the Republic of China. For any medal ceremony, the National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China is played instead of the National Anthem of the Republic of China.

Taiwanese athletes won their first Olympic medal in 1960, and their first gold medal in 2004, and their highest total medal count in 2020 games.

MedalsEdit

List of medalistsEdit

Medal Players/Players in the team Games Sport Event
  Silver Yang Chuan-kwang   1960 Rome   Athletics Men's decathlon
  Bronze Chi Cheng   1968 Mexico City   Athletics Women's 80 metre hurdles
  Bronze Tsai Wen-yee   1984 Los Angeles   Weightlifting Men's 60 kg
  Silver Chang Cheng-hsien
Chang Wen-chung
Chang Yaw-teing
Chen Chi-hsin
Chen Wei-chen
Chiang Tai-chuan
Huang Chung-yi
Huang Wen-po
Jong Yeu-jeng
Ku Kuo-chian
Kuo Lee Chien-fu
Liao Ming-hsiung
Lin Chao-huang
Lin Kun-han
Lo Chen-jung
Lo Kuo-chong
Pai Kun-hong
Tsai Ming-hung
Wang Kuang-shih
Wu Shih-hsih
  1992 Barcelona   Baseball Men's competition
  Silver Chen Jing   1996 Atlanta   Table tennis Women's singles
  Silver Li Feng-ying   2000 Sydney   Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
  Bronze Chen Jing   2000 Sydney   Table tennis Women's singles
  Bronze Chi Shu-ju   2000 Sydney   Taekwondo Women's 49 kg
  Bronze Huang Chih-hsiung   2000 Sydney   Taekwondo Men's 58 kg
  Bronze Kuo Yi-hang   2000 Sydney   Weightlifting Women's 75 kg
  Gold Chen Shih-hsin   2004 Athens   Taekwondo Women's flyweight
  Gold Chu Mu-yen   2004 Athens   Taekwondo Men's flyweight
  Silver Chen Szu-yuan
Liu Ming-huang
Wang Cheng-pang
  2004 Athens   Archery Men's team
  Silver Huang Chih-hsiung   2004 Athens   Taekwondo Men's lightweight
  Bronze Chen Li-ju
Wu Hui-ju
Yuan Shu-chi
  2004 Athens   Archery Women's team
  Gold Chen Wei-ling   2008 Beijing   Weightlifting Women's 48 kg
  Silver Lu Ying-chi   2008 Beijing   Weightlifting Women's 63 kg
  Bronze Chu Mu-yen   2008 Beijing   Taekwondo Men's 58 kg
  Bronze Sung Yu-chi   2008 Beijing   Taekwondo Men's 68 kg
  Gold Hsu Shu-ching   2012 London   Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
  Bronze Tseng Li-cheng   2012 London   Taekwondo Women's 57 kg
  Gold Hsu Shu-ching   2016 Rio de Janeiro   Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
  Bronze Lei Chien-ying
Lin Shih-chia
Tan Ya-ting
  2016 Rio de Janeiro   Archery Women's team
  Bronze Kuo Hsing-chun   2016 Rio de Janeiro   Weightlifting Women's 58 kg
  Gold Kuo Hsing-chun   2020 Tokyo   Weightlifting Women's 59 kg
  Gold Lee Yang
Wang Chi-lin
  2020 Tokyo   Badminton Men's doubles
  Silver Yang Yung-wei   2020 Tokyo   Judo Men's 60 kg
  Silver Deng Yu-cheng
Tang Chih-chun
Wei Chun-heng
  2020 Tokyo   Archery Men's team
  Silver Lee Chih-kai
  2020 Tokyo   Gymnastics Men's pommel horse
  Silver Tai Tzu-ying   2020 Tokyo   Badminton Women's singles
  Bronze Lo Chia-ling   2020 Tokyo   Taekwondo Women's 57 kg
  Bronze Lin Yun-ju
Cheng I-ching
  2020 Tokyo   Table tennis Mixed doubles
  Bronze Chen Wen-huei   2020 Tokyo   Weightlifting Women's 64 kg
  Bronze Pan Cheng-tsung   2020 Tokyo   Golf Men's individual
  Bronze Huang Hsiao-wen   2020 Tokyo   Boxing Women's flyweight
  Bronze Wen Tzu-yun   2020 Tokyo   Karate Women's 55 kg

Timeline concerning Olympic recognitionEdit

The following timeline concerns the different names and principal events concerning recognition of the ROC Olympic team:

  • 1910: The "Chinese National Olympic Committee" is created.
  • 1932: ROC competes in the Olympics for the first time as China [1]
  • 1951: The Chinese National Olympic Committee moves from Nanjing to Taipei;[1]
  • 1952: ROC team briefly withdraws from the Olympics[2] because its delegation was listed as China (Formosa)[citation needed];
  • 1954: IOC adopted a resolution officially recognising the People's Republic of China (PRC) “Chinese Olympic Committee”. The PRC is invited to take part in the 1956 Winter and Summer Olympics.Beijing could now send a delegation to Cortina D'Ampezzo,Stockholm and Melbourne;[1][3]
  • 1956: ROC represented at Melbourne Games as the Republic of China. People's Republic of China withdraws from the Games in protest because in the list of IOC members two Chinese National Olympic Committees were listed;[1][3]
  • 1958: People's Republic of China withdraws from Olympic movement and from the all the federations governing Olympic sports. Professor Tung Hou Yi, an IOC member for the PRC resigned;[1]
  • 1959: ROC informed IOc that not control sport on Mainland China ,as the rules determines they assumed continue to be recognised as the "Chinese National Olympic Committee" title. All applications under a different name would be considered;[1]
  • 1960: ROC committee renamed the "Olympic Committee of the Republic of China", and so recognised;[1]
  • 1963: IOC recognizes the name Taiwan, and the NOC is allowed to use the initials "ROC" on sports outfits;[1]
  • 1968: IOC agrees to renaming the Taiwan team as the Republic of China after the 1968 Games and to its participation under that banner;[1]
  • 1976: ROC is not permitted to participate in the Montreal Summer Games, as long as it insists on the name Republic of China, because the host country, Canada, recognised the PRC as the sole legitimate government of Chin.
  • 1979: IOC recognises the Chinese Olympic Committee as the official representative of China for the first time since Communist rule began in 1949. The IOC decision followed a postal ballot among 89 members. Under the IOC decision, the ROC's Olympics committee would renamed as Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee; and are now recognised only as a provincial body; and starting on Lake Placid 1980 Winter Olympics is not more allowed to use the ROC's national anthem or flag at the all sporting events.[1][3]
  • 1980: ROC boycotts the Moscow Summer Games due to the decision to use the name Chinese Taipei in international sporting events.
  • 1984: Chinese Taipei competes for the first time under the new moniker at the Sarajevo Winter Games.
  • Chinese Taipei athletes have won a total of 36 medals at the Summer Games, with taekwondo as the top medal-producing sport.Chinese Taipei has never won a medal at the Winter Olympic Games.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i The Times, "The Latest Threat to the Olympics - And its all over a name", 10 July 1976
  2. ^ Werner Soderstrom Osakeyhtio, "The Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad Helsinki 1952" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-11. (30.6 MB) p. 32, Sulo Kolkka (ed.), Alex Matson (trans.), The Organising Committee for the XV Olympiad Helsinki 1952, 1952
  3. ^ a b c Chinese Olympics Committee website

External linksEdit