European Olympic Committees
The European Olympic Committees is an organisation based in Rome, Italy, consisting of 50 National Olympic Committees from the continent of Europe. Among other duties, the EOC organizes three major multi-sport events; the European Youth Olympic Festival, the Games of the Small States of Europe and the European Games.
|Category||Continental Sports Organization|
|Membership||50 National Olympic Committees|
|Vice president(s)||Niels Nygaard (’acting president’)|
|Other key staff||Secretary-General|
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The EOC has no connection with the multi-sport European Championships which are organised by the individual sports federations involved.
In the following table, the year in which the NOC was recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) is also given if it is different from the year in which the NOC was created.
|Nation||Code||National Olympic Committee||Created/Recognized||Disbanded|
|Czechoslovakia||TCH||Czechoslovak Olympic Committee||1919||1992|
|East Germany||GDR||National Olympic Committee of the GDR||1951/1968||1990|
|Serbia and Montenegro||SCG||Olympic Committee of Serbia and Montenegro||2003||2006|
|Soviet Union||URS||Soviet Olympic Committee||1951||1992|
|Yugoslavia||YUG||Yugoslav Olympic Committee||1919/1920||2003|
- Members include Israel, Cyprus, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia which are physically in Asia but have strong historical and cultural ties to Europe, and Turkey and the Russian Federation, both of which countries have land in both Europe and Asia.
- Between 1954 and 1974, Israel took part in the Asian Games, but political pressure exerted by Arab countries due to the Arab–Israeli conflict led to Israel's exclusion from the re-organized Olympic Council of Asia in 1981 (See Israelis Facing Asian Ban). It then became a member of the European Olympic Committees in 1994.
- The Olympic Committee of Serbia was founded in 1911, as a successor to the Serbian Olympic Club (source).