Colombes (French pronunciation: [kɔlɔ̃b] (listen)) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 10.6 km (6.6 mi) from the centre of Paris. In 2012, Colombes was the 53rd largest city in France.
The town hall of Colombes
Paris and inner ring départements
|Canton||Colombes-1 and 2|
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Patrick Chaimovitch|
|7.81 km2 (3.02 sq mi)|
|• Density||11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||23–44 m (75–144 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The name Colombes comes from Latin columna (Old French colombe), meaning "column". This is interpreted as referring either to a megalithic column used in ancient times by a druidic cult which stood in Colombes until its destruction during the French Revolution, or to the columns of an atrium in a ruined Gallo-Roman villa that also stood in Colombes.
On 13 March 1896, 17% of the territory of Colombes was detached and became the commune of Bois-Colombes (literally "Colombes Woods"). On 2 May 1910, 19% of the (reduced) territory of Colombes was detached and became the commune of La Garenne-Colombes. Thus, the commune of Colombes is now only two-thirds the size of its territory before 1896. The population data in the table and graph below refer to the commune of Colombes proper, in its geography at the given years.
|Source: EHESS and INSEE (1968-2017)|
The city is divided into two cantons:
The commune has 21 preschools and 19 elementary schools.
- Quilapayún, Chilean music group forced into exile in France after the 1973 Coup. They settled in Colombes.
- Jordan Aboudou, basketball player
- Lens Aboudou, basketball player
- Josue Albert, footballer
- Bryan Alceus, footballer
- Mame-Ibra Anne, athlete
- Jean-Ricner Bellegarde, footballer
- Kelly Berville, footballer
- Zoumana Camara, footballer
- Pierre Clayette, artist
- Mathieu Cossou, karateka
- Simone Jorry, deaf/hoh rights activist
- Marie-Antoinette Katoto, footballer
- Claude Mérelle, actress
- Eliaquim Mangala, footballer
- Samuel Nadeau, basketball player
- Alexandre Postel (born 1982), writer
- Steven Nzonzi, footballer
- Kevin Thalien, basketball player
- Elodie Thomis, footballer
- Axel Tony, singer
- Jonathan Toto, footballer
- Eddy Viator, footballer
- Rama Yade, politician, moved into a council flat in Colombes with her mother and three sisters at the age of fourteen.
- pierpoljak, reggae singer
The stadium was built in 1907. Officially named the Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, the Olympic Stadium of Colombes was the site of the opening ceremony and several events of the 1924 Summer Olympics. The arena's capacity was increased to 60,000 for the 1938 World Cup. The stadium lost its importance after the restoration in 1972 of Paris' 49,000-seat Parc des Princes. In the 1990s, three of the four grandstands were torn down due to decay and the stadium's capacity was down to 7,000; later renovations have brought the current capacity to 14,000.
Through November 2017, it had been home to the Racing 92 rugby club, currently playing in France's Top 14, but Racing has since moved to the new U Arena in Nanterre. The RCF Paris football club, which plays in the fourth division, remains at Yves-du-Manoir. The stadium will be the field hockey venue at the 2024 Summer Olympics.
- "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
- "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
- Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Colombes, EHESS. (in French)
- Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
- "Carte scolaire." Colombes. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
- "Établissements d'enseignement publics sécondaires (collèges)[permanent dead link]." Académie de Versailles. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
- Rama Yade: The political star who's eclipsing Sarko, The Independent, 14 April 2009
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Colombes.|
- [permanent dead link] Official website[permanent dead link]
- (in French) Colombes in postal card (Colombes philatelic society)
- (in French) History of the Olympic Stadium
- Article: Chariots of Fire stadium reprieved