Hauts-de-Seine

Hauts-de-Seine (French pronunciation: [o d(ə) sɛn] (listen); lit.'Upper Seine') is a landlocked department in the Île-de-France region, Northern France. It covers Paris's western inner suburbs. It is bordered by Paris, Seine-Saint-Denis, and Val-de-Marne to the east, Val-d'Oise to the north, Yvelines to the west and Essonne to the south. With a population of 1,603,268 (as of 2016) and a total area of 176 square kilometres (68 square miles), it is the second most highly densely populated department of France after Paris. It is the fifth most populous department in France. Its prefecture is Nanterre although Boulogne-Billancourt, one of its two subprefectures alongside Antony, has a larger population.

Hauts-de-Seine
View on Boulogne-Billancourt from Parc de Saint-Cloud 140411 1.jpg
Meudon Observatory (3559558087) (cropped).jpg
Le Château-Musée départemental de Sceaux, Journées du Patrimoine 2020.jpg
Rueil-Malmaison Bois de Saint-Cucufa en automne 009.JPG
La Défense depuis La Garenne-Colombes.jpg
From top down, left to right: a view of Boulogne-Billancourt from the Parc de Saint-Cloud, Meudon site of the Paris Observatory, the Château de Sceaux, lake in Rueil-Malmaison, La Défense seen from La Garenne-Colombes
Flag of Hauts-de-Seine
Coat of arms of Hauts-de-Seine
Location of Hauts-de-Seine in France
Location of Hauts-de-Seine in France
Coordinates: 48°50′N 02°12′E / 48.833°N 2.200°E / 48.833; 2.200Coordinates: 48°50′N 02°12′E / 48.833°N 2.200°E / 48.833; 2.200
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
PrefectureNanterre
SubprefecturesAntony
Boulogne-
Billancourt
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilGeorges Siffredi (LR)
Area
 • Total176 km2 (68 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
 • Total1,624,357
 • Rank5th
 • Density9,200/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Altoséquanais.e
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number92
Arrondissements3
Cantons23
Communes36
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Hauts-de-Seine is best known for containing the modern office, cinema and shopping complex La Défense, one of Grand Paris's main economic centres and one of Europe's major business districts. Hauts-de-Seine is one of the wealthiest department in France; it has the highest GDP per capita at €104,000 in 2016.[2] Its inhabitants are called Altoséquanais in French.

HistoryEdit

From 1790 to 1968, Hauts-de-Seine was part of the former department of Seine.

The Hauts-de-Seine department was created in 1968, from parts of the former departments of Seine and Seine-et-Oise. Its creation reflected the implementation of a law passed in 1964; Nanterre had already been selected as the prefecture for the new department early in 1965.

In 2016, the Departmental Council of Hauts-de-Seine voted in favour of a fusion of Hauts-de-Seine and Yvelines, its western neighbour. Following a similar vote in Yvelines, an établissement public interdépartemental was established. The fusion will proceed if voters in both departments return a favourable majority of councillors in the 2021 elections.[3] The name Seine-et-Oise (department abolished in 1968) has been discussed for a new department.

DemographicsEdit

Population development since 1881Edit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1881254,928—    
1891332,076+2.68%
1901467,391+3.48%
1911614,862+2.78%
1921724,261+1.65%
1931949,231+2.74%
19361,019,627+1.44%
1946992,859−0.27%
19541,118,020+1.50%
19621,381,805+2.68%
19681,461,619+0.94%
19751,438,930−0.22%
19821,387,039−0.52%
19901,391,658+0.04%
19991,428,881+0.29%
20061,536,100+1.04%
20111,581,268+0.58%
20161,603,268+0.28%
source:[4]

Place of birth of residentsEdit

Place of birth of residents of Hauts-de-Seine in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
80.6% 19.4%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.5% 3.5% 3.8% 10.6%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

GeographyEdit

SituationEdit

Hauts-de-Seine and two other small departments (Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne) form an inner ring around Paris, known as the Petite Couronne (literal translation: "Little Crown"). Together with the City of Paris, they are included in Greater Paris since 1 January 2016. It is the Smallest Department in France after Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne. It is slightly smaller than Maldives or the State of Connecticut. The whole of the department is a salient which is looks like Warwickshire in England, within the districts of North Warwickshire, Nuneaton and Bedworth, and Rugby.

 

AdministrationEdit

Hauts-de-Seine comprises three departmental arrondissements and 36 communes:

Map number Name Area (km2) Population Coat of arms Arrondissement Map Labelled map
1 Antony 9.56 62,570   Antony    
2 Châtenay-Malabry 6.38 33,286    
3 Sceaux 3.6 19,344    
4 Bourg-la-Reine 1.86 20,667    
5 Bagneux 4.19 40,918    
6 Fontenay-aux-Roses 2.51 24,564    
7 Le Plessis-Robinson 3.43 29,100    
8 Clamart 8.77 52,971    
9 Châtillon 2.92 37,355    
10 Montrouge 2.07 50,260    
11 Malakoff 2.07 30,720    
12 Vanves 1.56 27,729    
13 Issy-les-Moulineaux 4.25 68,451   Boulogne-Billancourt  
14 Boulogne-Billancourt 6.17 120,071    
15 Meudon 9.9 45,352    
16 Sèvres 3.91 23,507    
17 Chaville 3.55 20,520    
18 Ville-d'Avray 3.67 11,453    
19 Saint-Cloud 7.56 29,973    
20 Marnes-la-Coquette 3.48 1,810    
21 Vaucresson 3.08 8,667    
22 Garches 2.69 17,869   Nanterre  
23 Rueil-Malmaison 14.7 78,152    
24 Suresnes 3.79 48,264    
25 Puteaux 3.19 44,645    
26 Nanterre 12.19 95,105    
27 Colombes 7.81 85,177    
28 La Garenne-Colombes 1.78 29,169    
29 Bois-Colombes 1.92 28,239    
30 Courbevoie 4.17 81,719    
31 Neuilly-sur-Seine 3.73 60,361    
32 Levallois-Perret 2.41 64,379    
33 Clichy 3.08 61,070    
34 Asnières-sur-Seine 4.82 85,191    
35 Gennevilliers 11.64 46,907    
36 Villeneuve-la-Garenne 3.2 23,771    

EconomyEdit

Hauts-de-Seine is one of France's wealthiest departments and one of Europe's richest areas. Its GDP per capita was €104,000 in 2016, according to Eurostat official figures.[2]

PoliticsEdit

In the 1990s and early 2000s, Hauts-de-Seine received national media attention as the result of a corruption scandal concerning the misuse of public funds provided for the department's housing projects. Implicated were former minister and departmental council president Charles Pasqua, as well as other personalities of the Rally for the Republic (RPR) party.

Hauts-de-Seine was the political base of Nicolas Sarkozy, President of the French Republic from 2007 to 2012. He was Mayor of Neuilly-sur-Seine (1983–2002) and President of the Departmental Council of Hauts-de-Seine (2004–2007) before he assumed the office. Sarkozy succeeded Pasqua as President of the Departmental Council.[5]

Departmental Council of Hauts-de-SeineEdit

Hauts-de-Seine is governed by a departmental council. Its 46 members are called departmental councillors. The electorate of Hauts-de-Seine usually votes for right-wing parties; there has never been a left-wing majority since the department's inception in 1968.

The departmental council is the deliberative organ of the department. The executive is led by the council president, assisted by vice presidents, in charge of various portfolios. Departmental councillors are elected (two per canton) by the department's inhabitants for six-year terms (no term limits).

Presidential elections 2nd roundEdit

Election Winning Candidate Party % 2nd Place Candidate Party %
2022[6] Emmanuel Macron LREM 80.39 Marine Le Pen FN 19.61
2017[7] Emmanuel Macron LREM 85.65 Marine Le Pen FN 14.35
2012 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 50.52 François Hollande PS 49.48
2007 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 55.65 Ségolène Royal PS 44.35
2002[7] Jacques Chirac RPR 87.99 Jean-Marie Le Pen FN 12.01
1995[8] Jacques Chirac RPR 57.25 Lionel Jospin PS 42.75


National representationEdit

Hauts-de-Seine elected the following members of the National Assembly in the 2017 legislative election:

Constituency Member[9] Party
Hauts-de-Seine's 1st constituency Elsa Faucillon French Communist Party
Hauts-de-Seine's 2nd constituency Adrien Taquet La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 3rd constituency Christine Hennion La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 4th constituency Isabelle Florennes La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 5th constituency Céline Calvez La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 6th constituency Constance Le Grip The Republicans
Hauts-de-Seine's 7th constituency Jacques Marilossian La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 8th constituency Jacques Maire La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 9th constituency Thierry Solère The Republicans
Hauts-de-Seine's 10th constituency Florence Provendier La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 11th constituency Laurianne Rossi La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 12th constituency Jean-Louis Bourlanges Democratic Movement
Hauts-de-Seine's 13th constituency Frédérique Dumas La République En Marche!

In the Senate, Hauts-de-Seine is represented by:

TourismEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Database - National accounts - Eurostat".
  3. ^ "Fusion Yvelines - Hauts-de-Seine : pas question de rompre les fiançailles maintenant", Le Parisien, 16 June 2020.
  4. ^ "Le SPLAF - Historique des Hauts-de-Seine". splaf.free.fr.
  5. ^ Writer, Frank Viviano, Chronicle Staff (April 21, 1995). "The Power Broker in France's Election / Interior Minister Pasqua embodies nation's social divide". SFGATE.
  6. ^ "Les résultats du second tour de l'élection présidentielle". 19 April 2022.
  7. ^ a b "Présidentielles".
  8. ^ "Résultats de l'élection présidentielle de 1995 par département - Politiquemania".
  9. ^ Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.

External linksEdit