Hauts-de-Seine (French pronunciation: [o d(ə) sɛn] ; lit.'Seine Heights') is a department in the Île-de-France region of France. It covers Paris's western inner suburbs. It is bordered by Paris, Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne to the east, Val-d'Oise to the north, Yvelines to the west and Essonne to the south. With a population of 1,624,357 (as of 2019)[4] and a total area of 176 square kilometres (68 square miles), it has the second highest population density among all departments of France, after Paris. It is the fifth most populous department in France. Its prefecture is Nanterre, but Boulogne-Billancourt, one of its two subprefectures, alongside Antony, has a larger population.

From top down, left to right: a view of Boulogne-Billancourt from the Parc de Saint-Cloud, Meudon site of the Paris Observatory, the Château de Sceaux, lake in Rueil-Malmaison, La Défense seen from La Garenne-Colombes
Flag of Hauts-de-Seine
Coat of arms of Hauts-de-Seine
Location of Hauts-de-Seine in France
Location of Hauts-de-Seine in France
Coordinates: 48°50′N 02°12′E / 48.833°N 2.200°E / 48.833; 2.200
 • President of the Departmental CouncilGeorges Siffredi[1] (LR)
 • Total176 km2 (68 sq mi)
 • Total1,635,291
 • Rank5th
 • Density9,300/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
 • Total€188.333 billion (2021)
 • Per capita€115,168 (2021)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-92
Department number92
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Hauts-de-Seine is best known for containing the modern office, cinema and shopping complex La Défense, one of Grand Paris's main economic centres and one of Europe's major business districts. Hauts-de-Seine is one of the wealthiest departments in France; it had the highest GDP per capita in France at €107,800 in 2020.[5] Its inhabitants are called Altoséquanais (masculine) and Altoséquanaises (feminine) in French.

History edit

From 1790 to 1968, Hauts-de-Seine was part of the former department of Seine.

The Hauts-de-Seine department was created in 1968, from parts of the former departments of Seine and Seine-et-Oise. Its creation reflected the implementation of a law passed in 1964; Nanterre had already been selected as the prefecture for the new department early in 1965.

In 2016, the Departmental Council of Hauts-de-Seine voted in favour of a fusion of Hauts-de-Seine and Yvelines, its western neighbour. Following a similar vote in Yvelines, an établissement public interdépartemental was established.[6] The fusion project was abandoned in 2021, but the cooperation between the two departments continues.[7]

Demographics edit

Population development since 1881 edit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
YearPop.±% p.a.

Place of birth of residents edit

Place of birth of residents of Hauts-de-Seine in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
80.6% 19.4%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.5% 3.5% 3.8% 10.6%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. A foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. An immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Geography edit

Location edit

Hauts-de-Seine and two other small departments (Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne) form an inner ring around Paris, known as the Petite Couronne (literal translation: "Little Crown"). Together with the City of Paris, they are included in Greater Paris since 1 January 2016. It is the Smallest Department in France followed by Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne. It is slightly smaller than Maldives. The whole of the department is a salient which is looks like Warwickshire in England, within the districts of North Warwickshire, Nuneaton and Bedworth, and Rugby.


Administration edit

Hauts-de-Seine comprises three departmental arrondissements and 36 communes:

Map number Name Area (km2) Population (2019)[4] Coat of arms Arrondissement Map Labelled map
1 Antony 9.56 62,760   Antony    
2 Châtenay-Malabry 6.38 34,021    
3 Sceaux 3.6 20,004    
4 Bourg-la-Reine 1.86 21,050    
5 Bagneux 4.19 40,936    
6 Fontenay-aux-Roses 2.51 25,531    
7 Le Plessis-Robinson 3.43 30,061    
8 Clamart 8.77 52,925    
9 Châtillon 2.92 36,639    
10 Montrouge 2.07 48,352    
11 Malakoff 2.07 30,950    
12 Vanves 1.56 27,846   Boulogne-Billancourt  
13 Issy-les-Moulineaux 4.25 67,981    
14 Boulogne-Billancourt 6.17 121,583    
15 Meudon 9.9 45,818    
16 Sèvres 3.91 23,463    
17 Chaville 3.55 20,771    
18 Ville-d'Avray 3.67 11,225    
20 Marnes-la-Coquette 3.48 1,774    
19 Saint-Cloud 7.56 30,012   Nanterre  
21 Vaucresson 3.08 8,683    
22 Garches 2.69 17,795    
23 Rueil-Malmaison 14.7 78,317    
24 Suresnes 3.79 49,311    
25 Puteaux 3.19 45,157    
26 Nanterre 12.19 96,277    
27 Colombes 7.81 86,534    
28 La Garenne-Colombes 1.78 29,642    
29 Bois-Colombes 1.92 28,841    
30 Courbevoie 4.17 81,558    
31 Neuilly-sur-Seine 3.73 59,599    
32 Levallois-Perret 2.41 66,082    
33 Clichy 3.08 63,089    
34 Asnières-sur-Seine 4.82 87,143    
35 Gennevilliers 11.64 48,530    
36 Villeneuve-la-Garenne 3.2 24,097    

Hauts-de-Seine currently has the fewest number of any communes in Metropolitan France. With only 36 communes, not including Paris which has only one commune, this makes the French department in Metropolitan France with the fewest number of communes.

Economy edit

Hauts-de-Seine is one of France's wealthiest departments and one of Europe's richest areas. Its GDP per capita was €106,800 in 2020, according to Eurostat official figures.[5]

Politics edit

In the 1990s and early 2000s, Hauts-de-Seine received national media attention as the result of a corruption scandal concerning the misuse of public funds provided for the department's housing projects. Implicated were former minister and departmental council president Charles Pasqua, as well as other personalities of the Rally for the Republic (RPR) party.

Hauts-de-Seine was the political base of Nicolas Sarkozy, President of the French Republic from 2007 to 2012. He was Mayor of Neuilly-sur-Seine (1983–2002) and President of the Departmental Council of Hauts-de-Seine (2004–2007) before he assumed the office. Sarkozy succeeded Pasqua as President of the Departmental Council.[10]

Departmental Council of Hauts-de-Seine edit

Hauts-de-Seine is governed by a departmental council. Its 46 members are called departmental councillors. The electorate of Hauts-de-Seine usually votes for right-wing parties; there has never been a left-wing majority since the department's inception in 1968.

The departmental council is the deliberative organ of the department. The executive is led by the council president, assisted by vice presidents, in charge of various portfolios. Departmental councillors are elected (two per canton) by the department's inhabitants for six-year terms (no term limits). The president of the Departmental Council is Georges Siffredi, elected in 2020.

Presidential elections 2nd round edit

Election Winning Candidate Party % 2nd Place Candidate Party %
2022[11] Emmanuel Macron LREM 80.39 Marine Le Pen FN 19.61
2017[12] Emmanuel Macron LREM 85.65 Marine Le Pen FN 14.35
2012 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 50.52 François Hollande PS 49.48
2007 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 55.65 Ségolène Royal PS 44.35
2002[12] Jacques Chirac RPR 87.99 Jean-Marie Le Pen FN 12.01
1995[13] Jacques Chirac RPR 57.25 Lionel Jospin PS 42.75

National representation edit

Hauts-de-Seine elected the following members of the National Assembly in the 2017 legislative election:

Constituency Member[14] Party
Hauts-de-Seine's 1st constituency Elsa Faucillon French Communist Party
Hauts-de-Seine's 2nd constituency Adrien Taquet La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 3rd constituency Christine Hennion La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 4th constituency Isabelle Florennes La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 5th constituency Céline Calvez La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 6th constituency Constance Le Grip The Republicans
Hauts-de-Seine's 7th constituency Jacques Marilossian La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 8th constituency Jacques Maire La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 9th constituency Thierry Solère The Republicans
Hauts-de-Seine's 10th constituency Florence Provendier La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 11th constituency Laurianne Rossi La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 12th constituency Jean-Louis Bourlanges Democratic Movement
Hauts-de-Seine's 13th constituency Frédérique Dumas La République En Marche!

In the Senate, Hauts-de-Seine is represented by:

Tourism edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2021". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2023.
  3. ^ "Gross domestic product (GDP) at current market prices by NUTS 3 regions". ec.europa.eu.
  4. ^ a b Populations légales 2019: 92 Hauts-de-Seine, INSEE
  5. ^ a b "Gross domestic product (GDP) at current market prices by NUTS 3 regions". Eurostat. Retrieved 31 October 2022.
  6. ^ "Fusion Yvelines - Hauts-de-Seine : pas question de rompre les fiançailles maintenant", Le Parisien, 16 June 2020.
  7. ^ "La fusion Hauts-de-Seine/Yvelines "plus à l'ordre du jour", la coopération maintenue". Actu.fr. 5 July 2021.
  8. ^ "Le SPLAF - Historique des Hauts-de-Seine". splaf.free.fr.
  9. ^ "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
  10. ^ Viviano, Frank (April 21, 1995). "The Power Broker in France's Election / Interior Minister Pasqua embodies nation's social divide". SFGATE.
  11. ^ "Les résultats du second tour de l'élection présidentielle". 19 April 2022.
  12. ^ a b "Présidentielles".
  13. ^ "Résultats de l'élection présidentielle de 1995 par département - Politiquemania".
  14. ^ Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.

External links edit