Boulogne-Billancourt (French pronunciation: [bulɔɲ bijɑ̃kuʁ]; often colloquially called simply Boulogne, until 1924 Boulogne-sur-Seine) is a commune in the western suburbs, and 8 km (5 mi) from the centre, of the French capital Paris. Boulogne-Billancourt is a subprefecture of the Hauts-de-Seine department and the seat of the Arrondissement of Boulogne-Billancourt.
The church of Our Lady of Boulogne-Billancourt
Paris and inner ring départements
|Canton||Boulogne-Billancourt-1 and 2|
|• Mayor (2008–2020)||Pierre-Christophe Baguet|
|6.17 km2 (2.38 sq mi)|
|• Density||19,000/km2 (50,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||28–40 m (92–131 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
With an average household income in 2013 of €47,592, nearly twice the French average of €25,548, Boulogne-Billancourt is one of the wealthiest cities in France.
Boulogne-Billancourt is the most populous suburb of Paris and one of the most densely populated municipalities in Europe. Formerly an important industrial site, it has successfully reconverted into business services and is now home to major communication companies headquartered in the Val de Seine business district.
The original name of the commune was Boulogne-sur-Seine (meaning "Boulogne upon Seine").
Before the 14th century, Boulogne was a small village called Menuls-lès-Saint-Cloud (meaning "Menuls near Saint-Cloud"). In the beginning of the 14th century, King Philip IV of France ordered the building in Menuls-lès-Saint-Cloud of a church dedicated to the virgin of the sanctuary of Boulogne-sur-Mer, then a famous pilgrimage center in northern France. The church, meant to become a pilgrimage centre closer to Paris than the distant city of Boulogne-sur-Mer, was named Notre-Dame de Boulogne la Petite ("Our Lady of Boulogne the Minor"). Gradually, the village of Menuls-lès-Saint-Cloud became known as Boulogne-la-Petite, and later as Boulogne-sur-Seine.
In 1924, Boulogne-sur-Seine was officially renamed Boulogne-Billancourt to reflect the development of the industrial neighbourhood of Billancourt annexed in 1860 (see history section below).
As for the name Billancourt, it was recorded for the first time in 1150 as Bullencort, sometimes also spelled Bollencort. It comes from Medieval Latin cortem, accusative of cors, meaning "enclosure", "estate", suffixed to the Germanic patronym Buolo (meaning "friend, brother, kinsman"), thus having the meaning of "estate of Buolo".
On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighbouring communes. On that occasion, the communes of Auteuil and Passy were disbanded and divided between Boulogne-Billancourt (then called Boulogne-sur-Seine) and the city of Paris. Boulogne-sur-Seine received a small part of the territory of Passy, and about half of the territory of Auteuil (including the area of Billancourt, which belonged to the disbanded commune of Auteuil).
In 1929, the Bois de Boulogne, which was hitherto divided between the communes of Boulogne-Billancourt and Neuilly-sur-Seine, was annexed in its entirety by the city of Paris. On that occasion, Boulogne-Billancourt, to which most of the Bois de Boulogne belonged, lost about half of its territory.
Boulogne-Billancourt is known for being the birthplace of three major French industries. It was the location, in 1906 for the very first aircraft factory, that of Appareils d'Aviation Les Freres Voisin, which was then followed by those of many other aviation pioneers, and the tradition continues with several aviation related companies still operating in the area. The automobile industry had a large presence with Renault on Île Seguin, and Salmson building both cars and aircraft engines. Finally, the French film industry started here and, from 1922 to 1992 it was the home of the Billancourt Studios, and since becoming a major location for French film production. It was used as the setting of the TV show Code Lyoko.
- The ecologic neighborhood of the Trapèze in Boulogne-Billancourt: the district stands on 74ha and will be able to contain up to 18000 inhabitants at the end of its construction. 65% of the district's energy is brought by geothermal power, which heats and freshens the buildings. Solar panels and a vegetable greenhouse were installed in the aim to link the district to sustainable energies. Bicycle and “soft” travels will of course be put first to reduce the pollution caused by cars, and others vehicles which do not run on electricity.
- The Ambroise Paré Hospital is located in the city.
Boulogne-Billancourt hosts the global headquarters of several multinational companies, including:
- Alcatel-Lucent 
- Française des Jeux
- Pika Édition
- TF1 (TF1 Tower)
- The Musée Albert-Kahn at 14, rue du Port, Boulogne-Billancourt is a national museum and includes four hectares of gardens, joining together landscape scenes of various national traditions. The museum also includes historic photographs and film.
- The Musée des Années Trente is a museum of artistic and industrial objects from the 1930s.
- See also: Enseignement à Boulogne-Billancourt (French)
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2014)
The public collèges (middle schools) in the commune include Jacqueline-Auriol, Bartholdi, Paul-Landowski, and Jean-Renoir. The public high schools are the Lycée Jacques-Prévert and the Lycée polyvalent Étienne-Jules-Marey. Prior to the September 1968 opening of Prévert, the first high school/sixth-form in Boulogne, an annex of Lycée La Fontaine served the city.
The private school Groupe Scolaire Maïmonide Rambam covers maternelle through lycée. There is also the private high school Notre-Dame. The latter's performance and ranking in Boulogne-Billancourt are given by its success of baccalaureate rate in different series. According to the ranking of L'Express in 2015, the national rank of Notre-Dame de Boulogne was 170 out of 2301 and 7 out of 52 at department level. The private schools Dupanloup and Saint-Joseph-du-Parchamp serve maternelle through collège. Private maternelle and élémentaire schools include Saint-Alexandre and Saint-François d’Assise. Jardin de Solférino and La Maison de l'Enfant are private maternelles.
The Association Eveil Japon (エベイユ学園 Ebeiyu Gakuen), a supplementary Japanese education program, is located in Boulogne-Billancourt. A campus of the École supérieure des sciences commerciales d'Angers is also located in the city.
Boulogne-Billancourt was the birthplace of:
- Pierre Bellemare, actor, writer
- Pape Badiane, basketball player
- Pierre Bleuse, (born 1977), music conductor
- Bertrand Blier (born 14 March 1939), screenwriter and film director; son of Bernard Blier
- Hubert Le Blon, (21 March 1874 -2 April 1910), automobilist and pioneer aviator.
- Christophe Boltanski (born 10 July 1962), writer and journalist
- Booba, (born 1976) rapper
- Daniel Buren (born 1938), conceptual artist
- Guillaume Canet (born 10 April 1973), actor, screenwriter and director
- Leslie Caron (born 1931), film actress and dancer
- Benjamin Castaldi (born 28 March 1970), TV presenter and producer; son of actor Jean-Pierre Castaldi, former husband of fellow TV presenter Flavie Flament
- Matthieu Chedid (born 21 December 1971), composer, singer, guitarist; son of fellow singer and composer Louis Chedid and grandson of writer and poet Andrée Chedid.
- Michel Combes (born 1962), French businessman; the current CEO of Alcatel-Lucent
- Guillaume Connesson (born May 5, 1970), composer;
- Édith Cresson (born 1934), politician, former Prime Minister of France under François Mitterrand's presidency;
- Xavier de Roux (born 1940), politician;
- Michel Deville (born 13 April 1931), screenwriter and film director;
- Françoise Deslogères (born 9 May 1929), ondist;
- Frederic Eger(born 14 July 1975), International award winning TV journalist, host, screenwriter, director and producer; to date (last update 10 march 2019), has won 9 awards and 35 nominations worldwide for his work in news, news magazines, documentaries and narratives, in particular Quantum Earth;
- Laurent Garnier (born 1 February 1966), electronic music producer/DJ;
- Anna Gavalda (born 1970), novelist;
- Hippolyte Girardot (born 10 October 1955), actor;
- André Glucksmann (1937-2015), political philosopher, writer;
- David Hallyday, (born David Smet on 14 August 1966), composer, pop rock singer; son of singers Johnny Hallyday (born Jean-Philippe Smet) and Sylvie Vartan, brother of actress Laura Smet, cousin of actor Michael Vartan
- Raphaël Hamburger, (born on 2 April 1981), music supervisor, son of singers Michel Berger (born Michel Hamburger) and France Gall
- Raphaël Haroche, (born 7 November 1975), singer, songwriter and actor;
- Sébastien Akchoté-Bozović, known mononymously as Sebastian (born 3 February 1981), electronic music producer/DJ;*
- Jacques Huntzinger, (born 1 August 1943), ambassador;
- Henri Kagan (born 1930), chemist;
- Jean Keraudy (1920-2001) prison escape artist
- Keny Arkana (born 20 December 1982), Argentinian-French rapper, and co-founder of the social movement La Rage du peuple;
- Sandrine Kiberlain (born 25 February 1968), actress; wife of fellow French actor Vincent Lindon;
- Louise L. Lambrichs (born 1952), novelist and screenwriter;
- Gérard Lanvin (born 21 June 1950), actor;
- Corinne Lepage (born 11 May 1951), politician;
- Marc Levy (born 16 October 1961), novelist;
- Thierry Lhermitte (born 24 November 1952), actor, co-writer (usually with the band of the Splendid), director, producer.;
- Nicolas Mahut (born January 21, 1982), tennis player;
- Patrick Modiano (born 30 July 1945), writer, winner of the 2014 Nobel Prize in Literature;
- Nelson Monfort (born 12 March 1954), TV presenter, translator, sports commentator for French public television.;
- Thibault de Montaigu (born 21 December 1978), writer and journalist
- Roger Monteaux (born 18 July 1879), actor
- Joachim, 8th Prince Murat (born 26 November 1944), aristocrat
- Charles, Prince Napoléon (born 19 October 1950), aristocrat and descendent of Napoleon Bonaparte
- Bulle Ogier (born Marie-France Thielland on 9 August 1939), actress
- Florence Parly (born 1963), politician, Minister of the Armed Forces
- Claude Pinoteau, actor, director, writer, producer
- François Polgár (born 19 October 1946), choir conductor
- Jérôme Pradon (born 3 June 1964), stage actor
- Thierry Roland (1934-2012), football specialist, sports journalist, TV commentator and presenter.
- Baron Edmond James de Rothschild (1845–1934), philanthropist and activist for Jewish affairs
- Véronique Sanson, singer
- Alain Sarde (born 28 March 1952), former actor, now writer and producer.
- Catherine Spaak (born 3 April 1945), actress
- Agnès Spaak (born 29 April 1944), actress
- Georgette Tissier (26 June 1910 – 30 March 1957 in Paris), actress
- Marie Trintignant (1962–2003), actress
- Gaspard Ulliel, (born 25 November 1984), actor, model
- Michael Vartan (born 1968), French-American actor
- Marin de Viry (born 1962), writer
- Zazie (Isabelle de Truchis de Varennes, born 1964), singer-songwriter
- HI&RH Prince Lorenz of Belgium Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Royal of Hungary (born 1955)
Twin towns — sister citiesEdit
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Boulogne-sur-Seine.|