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Neukölln ("New Cölln") is one of the twelve boroughs of Berlin. It is located in the southeastern part from the city centre towards Berlin Schönefeld Airport. It was part of the former American sector under the Four-Power occupation of the city. It features many Gründerzeit buildings and is characterized by having one of the highest percentage of immigrants in Berlin. In recent years an influx of students and creative types has led to gentrification.[1]

Neukölln
Borough of Berlin
Coat of arms of Neukölln
Coat of arms
Location of Neukölln in Berlin
Berlin Bezirk Neukölln (labeled).svg
Neukölln is located in Germany
Neukölln
Neukölln
Neukölln is located in Berlin
Neukölln
Neukölln
Coordinates: 52°29′N 13°27′E / 52.483°N 13.450°E / 52.483; 13.450Coordinates: 52°29′N 13°27′E / 52.483°N 13.450°E / 52.483; 13.450
CountryGermany
StateBerlin
CityBerlin
Subdivisions5 localities
Government
 • MayorMartin Hikel (SPD)
Area
 • Total44.93 km2 (17.35 sq mi)
Population
 (2012-11-30)
 • Total322,931
 • Density7,200/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Vehicle registrationB
WebsiteOfficial homepage

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Richardplatz

Neukölln's independence ended in 1920 when it was incorporated into Berlin. In September 1929, Goebbels led his men into Neukölln, a KPD stronghold, and the two warring parties exchanged pistol and revolver fire. From 1966 to 1975 the Gropiusstadt was built, a "Trabantenstadt" or city-within-a-city housing estate, designed by architect Walter Gropius.

Localility subdivisionsEdit

 
Britzer Garten in Neukölln's South

Neukölln is subdivided into five localities:

Locality
Area
(km2)
Inhabitants
Density
(Inhabitants/km2)
0801 Neukölln
11.71 155,950 13,318
0802 Britz
12.40 39,029 3,148
0803 Buckow
6.35 38,219 6,019
0804 Rudow
11.81 40,733 3,449
0805 Gropiusstadt
2.67 35,751 13,390

 

Public transportEdit

 
County-Court Building of Neukölln, near the Rathaus Neukölln U-Bahn station
 
Hermannplatz

Neukölln is served by three operational sections of urban rail.

U-Bahn:

Part of each of the following S-Bahn routes share an East ↔ West running section of Ringbahn track through Neukölln:

Among the numerous rail stations in Neukölln three act as interchanges:

DemographicsEdit

As of 2010, the borough had a population of 310,283, of whom 121,000 (38.9%) were of non-German ethnicity. The percentage is significantly higher in the same-named locality of Neukölln.[8] The borough is known for its large Turkish, Arab and Kurdish communities, which together make up roughly 18% of the borough's population. Recently,[when?] there has been an influx of Romani people and Sub-Saharan Africans.[9]

Population by migration background[10]
Ethnic Germans 60% (189,000)
Middle Eastern origin 18% (55,000)
non-German European origin 11% (33,000)
Afro-Germans 4% (12,400)
Others (East Asians, Americans, etc.) 6.5% (21,000)

GentrificationEdit

A trend is the rapid gentrification of certain neighborhoods within the borough. There has been an influx of students, creatives and other young professionals of mostly Western origin avoiding higher rents charged in other parts of Berlin. This has caused a knock on effect of rents to rise in some parts of Neukölln.[1] Northern Neukölln, just to the south of the Kreuzberg area has become informally referred to as "Kreuzkölln" as the area becomes increasingly fashionable.[11]

PoliticsEdit

 
Sitzverteilung in der BVV

At the 2016 elections for the parliament of the borough (Bezirksverordnetenversammlung) the following parties were elected:

PersonalitiesEdit

 
Leo Arons around 1901
 
Memorial plate Ursula Goetze (1987)
 
Alexander Hacke performing on 5 May 2007

References in popular cultureEdit

  • "Neuköln" (deliberately spelt with one 'l') is an instrumental piece by David Bowie, the ninth track on his 1977 album "Heroes".
  • The last track of Miss Kittin's first solo album I Com is called "Neukölln 2".
  • The German film Knallhart is set in the northern part of Neukölln.
  • The German documentary Neukölln Unlimited tells the story of three Lebanese teenagers based in Neukölln, who fight their deportation out of Germany.
  • Electronic music producer Kobosil is a native of the city. With a Bachelor of Arts in audio production, he has released music on the Ostgut Ton and MDT labels.[13]
  • The series 4 Blocks is set in Neukölln and Kreuzberg.

Photo galleryEdit

Twin CitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/neukoelln-nasties-foreigners-feel-accused-in-berlin-gentrification-row-a-750297.html
  2. ^ S41 "Bahnhofs- und Linieninformationssystem" s-bahn-berlin.de accessed 19 March 2018
  3. ^ S42 "Bahnhofs- und Linieninformationssystem" s-bahn-berlin.de accessed 19 March 2018
  4. ^ S45 "Bahnhofs- und Linieninformationssystem" s-bahn-berlin.de accessed 91 march 2018
  5. ^ "2020 vision for Berlin's long-overdue Brandenburg Airport" Travel weekly, 9 January 2018
  6. ^ S45 "Bahnhofs- und Linieninformationssystem" s-bahn-berlin.de accessed 19 March 2018
  7. ^ S47 "Bahnhofs- und Linieninformationssystem" s-bahn-berlin.de accessed 19 March 2018
  8. ^ http://www.statistik-berlin-brandenburg.de/Publikationen/Stat_Berichte/2011/SB_A1-5_hj02-10_BE.pdf
  9. ^ https://www.welt.de/die-welt/politik/article9920445/Die-Roma-von-Berlin-Neukoelln.html
  10. ^ http://www.statistik-berlin-brandenburg.de/Publikationen/Stat_Berichte/201gnm1/SB_A1-5_hj02-10_BE.pdf[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ "Sagt endlich Kreuzkölln!" 12 April 2016 Der Tagesspiegel
  12. ^ Roma, A. S. (9 June 2016). "Antonio Rudiger: This is the story of my life". forza roma. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  13. ^ "Kobosil". Resident Advisor. Resident Advisor Ltd. 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.

External linksEdit