Ecological Democratic Party

The Ecological Democratic Party (German: Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei, ÖDP) is a conservative[3][4][5] and ecologist[6] minor party in Germany. The ÖDP was founded in 1982.

Ecological Democratic Party
Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei
AbbreviationÖDP
LeaderChristian Rechholz
Founded23/24 January 1982
HeadquartersÖDP-Federal Office Würzburg
Pommergasse 1
D-97070 Würzburg
[1]
Youth wingYoung Ecologists
Membership (2018)Increase 8,035[2]
IdeologyGreen conservatism
Political positionCentre-right
International affiliationWorld Ecological Parties
European Parliament groupGreens/EFA
Colours  Orange
Bundestag
0 / 709
State Parliaments
0 / 1,889
European Parliament
1 / 96
Website
http://www.oedp.de/

The strongest level of voting support for the ÖDP is in Bavaria, where in federal state elections they have remained stable with 2% of the votes since 1990, and at municipal level have increased their mandate count in 2014 from 320 to around 380.[7][third-party source needed] After the 2019 European elections, the party was represented in the European Parliament by Klaus Buchner, who resigned in 2020. He was replaced in the European Parliament by Manuela Ripa. The ÖDP is a member of the World Ecological Parties.

HistoryEdit

The Ecological Democratic Party is a bourgeois ecology party that is active throughout Germany and has its clear focus in Bavaria.

The party's rise is closely linked to her founding father, the politician and environmentalist Herbert Gruhl. Gruhl was Member of the Bundestag from 1969 to 1980 and member of CDU. The founding of ÖDP dates back on the ecological movement in the 1970s. Gruhl gained attention by publishing a best-seller in 1975: "Ein Planet wird geplündert" (A Planet is Being Plundered). In the book he criticized the growth-oriented economy of industrial society. He also attacked nuclear energy policy and thus represented a clear minority position among Christian Democrats, while an intensive discussion was already developing in the SPD about a possible nuclear phase-out. Gruhl left the CDU in 1978 but stayed as non-partisan member of the Bundestag until 1980. He founded the "Grüne Aktion Zukunft" (GAZ), which later became part of The Greens. Gruhl lost the election for the party chairmen. Gruhl had a more conservative consistent life ethic ("Lebensschutzkonzeption"), which addresses besides environmentalism also the rejection of abortion, euthanasia and the death penalty. Also his policy was referred as ethno-centric. Gruhl left the Greens and, in 1982, founded the ÖDP.[8]

Some commentators have said that the party has moved over the years in a more liberal direction regarding some issues since the mid-2000s.[9] In many issues it emphasizes, such as the environment and trade, it is similar to the Alliance '90/The Greens. It differs from them by being less supportive of immigration and restrictions on state powers in criminal justice issues, not focusing on gay and lesbian rights as part of its platform, and having a differing view of feminism.

It was one of the earliest supporters (since 1989) of a green tax shift, an idea which later gained broader support and has been partially implemented in Germany since the Social Democratic Party and The Greens were elected to form the Federal government in 1998.

Though a very small party – it has not gained seats in a state parliament or in the Bundestag – the ÖDP became notable for its involvement in the opposition to a Czech nuclear reactor in Temelin, across the border from Bavaria. It led an initiative for a popular referendum to abolish the Bavarian Senate (that state's upper house) which was successful. It brought suit against a law in North Rhine-Westphalia which requires parties to receive 5% of the vote in order to take their seats in local councils, as well as a national law which reserves state financing only for parties that got more than one percent of the vote in at least three state elections; both laws were overturned.

The party has a youth organization called Young Ecologists (Junge Ökologen).

In the 2014 European parliament elections, the ÖDP received 0.7% of the national vote (185,119 votes in total) and returned a single MEP.[10] The MEP, Klaus Buchner, joined The Greens–European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) parliamentary group.[11]

ControversyEdit

On 17 December 2014, a single member of the Memmingen/Unterallgäu chapter of the ÖDP said at a meeting, that the proposed gender mainstreaming law was a "state license to corrupt children" and would give LGBT individuals "too much influence over a passive majority", and that LGBT individuals should not be allowed to marry.[12] Party secretary Pablo Ziller said that the party's federal board was "disappointed" at the remarks and that the statements did not represent the party's position. According to Ziller, the party believes in extending marriage rights to same-sex couples.

LeadersEdit

Christoph RaabsGabriela Schimmer-GöreszSebastian FrankenbergerKlaus BuchnerUwe DolataSusanne BachmaierHans MangoldBernd RichterHans-Joachim RitterHerbert Gruhl


The current leader of the party is Christian Rechholz. He succeeded Christoph Raabs in September 2020.[13]

Election resultsEdit

German Parliament (Bundestag)Edit

Election year # of
constituency votes
% +/- # of
party list votes
% +/- # of
overall seats won
+/-
1983 3,341 0.0 New 11,028 0.0 New
0 / 520
 
1987 40,765 0.1  0.1 109,152 0.3  0.3
0 / 519
 
1990 243,469 0.5  0.2 205,206 0.4  0.1
0 / 662
 
1994 200,138 0.4  0.1 183,715 0.4  
0 / 672
 
1998 145,308 0.3  0.1 98,257 0.2  0.2
0 / 669
 
2002 56,593 0.1  0.2 56,898 0.1  0.1
0 / 603
 
2005 Did not participate
2009 105,653 0.2  0.2 132,249 0.3  0.3
0 / 622
 
2013 128,209 0.3  0.1 127,088 0.3  
0 / 630
 
2017 166,228 0.4  0.1 144,809 0.3  
0 / 709
 
2021 152,886 0.3  0.1 112,351 0.2  0.1
0 / 709
 

European ParliamentEdit

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
+/- # of
overall seats won
+/–
1984 77,026 0.3 New
0 / 81
New
1989 184,309 0.7  0.4%
0 / 81
 
1994 273,776 0.8  0.1%
0 / 99
 
1999 100,048 0.4  0.4%
0 / 99
 
2004 145,537 0.6  0.2%
0 / 99
 
2009 134,893 0.5  0.1%
0 / 99
 
2014 185,244 0.6  0.1%
1 / 96
  1
2019 370,006 1.0  0.4%
1 / 96
 

State Parliaments (Landtage)Edit

The following table shows the results of the most recent state elections the party contested:

State parliament Election Votes % Seats +/– Status
Baden-Württemberg 2021 37,819 0.8 (#12)
0 / 154
  0 No seats
Bavaria 2018 211,951 1.6 (#9)
0 / 205
  0 No seats
Berlin 2021 2,445 0.1 (#22)
0 / 147
  0 No seats
Brandenburg 2019 7.237 0.6 (#10)
0 / 88
New No seats
Hamburg 2020 27.617 0.7 (#9)
0 / 123
  0 No seats
Hesse 2018 7.539 0.3 (#11)
0 / 137
  0 No seats
Lower Saxony 2017 4,042 0.1 (#14)
0 / 137
New No seats
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2021 936 0.1 (#19)
0 / 79
New No seats
North Rhine-Westphalia 2022 9,664 0.1 (#15)
0 / 195
  0 No seats
Rhineland-Palatinate 2021 13,406 0.7 (#12)
0 / 101
  0 No seats
Saarland 2022 613 0.1 (#15)
0 / 51
New No seats
Saxony 2019 6,000 0.3 (#14)
0 / 119
  0 No seats
Saxony-Anhalt 2021 1,062 0.1 (#20)
0 / 97
New No seats
Thuringia 2019[a] 4,833 0.4 (#12)
0 / 90
  0 No seats
  1. ^ Joint list with the Family Party of Germany.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ÖDP Branch addresses and contacts". Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Small German EU Parliament Parties One Year Ahead of National Parliament Election". europeelects.eu.
  3. ^ Klandermans, Bert; Mayer, Nonna (16 November 2005). Extreme Right Activists in Europe: Through the Magnifying Glass. Routledge. p. 171–. ISBN 978-1-134-24546-8.
  4. ^ Buchstab, Günter (2010). Die Ära Kohl im Gespräch: eine Zwischenbilanz. Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar. p. 311–. ISBN 978-3-412-20592-8.
  5. ^ Hofmann, Wilhelm (2005). Politische Identität - visuell. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 71–. ISBN 978-3-8258-8471-0.
  6. ^ Spindler, Max; Schmid, Alois (2003). Das neue Bayern: Staat und Politik. C.H.Beck. p. 972–. ISBN 978-3-406-50451-8.
  7. ^ "ÖDP Bayern: Mandatsträger". oedp-bayern.de. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei (ÖDP) – Historisches Lexikon Bayerns". www.historisches-lexikon-bayerns.de. Retrieved 5 January 2022.
  9. ^ Schminke, Tobias Gerhard (13 August 2020). "Small German EU Parliament Parties One Year Ahead of National Parliament Election". Europe Elects. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Up-to-date list of the MEPs for the new legislative period". greens-efa.eu. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  12. ^ "ÖDP: Homos raus aus dem Standesamt". queer.de. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  13. ^ "ÖDP wählt den Oberfranken Raabs zum neuen Bundesvorsitzenden". br.de.

External linksEdit