Deputy (France)

Deputies (French: députés), also known in English as Members of Parliament (MPs), are the legislators who sit in the National Assembly, the lower house of the French Parliament.[1] The 15th and current legislature of the Fifth Republic has a total of 577 deputies, elected in 577 constituencies across metropolitan (539) and overseas France (27), as well as for French residents overseas (11).


The term "deputy" is associated with the legislator's task to deputise for the people of his constituency.


There are currently 577 French deputies. They are elected through the two-round system in single-member constituencies.

In 2019, it was reported that the Government of France wanted to cut the number of deputies by 25%. This reform was later abandoned due to a lack of support in the Senate.[2]


Members of Parliament at the National Assembly in 2018.

The number of deputies is codified in the Constitution of France.

Restrictions and privilegesEdit

Deputies have parliamentary immunity. They can have a dual mandate at the local level (most notably municipal, departmental, regional councillor) but a new law that entered in application in 2017 has limited the practice's extent by restricting deputies' ability to serve in local executives. Deputies are paid 5,782.66 euros per month.[3]




  1. ^ Nationale, Assemblée. "Rôle et pouvoirs de l'Assemblée". Assemblée nationale (in French). Retrieved 2021-01-07.
  2. ^ "French government wants to scrap number of MPs by 25 percent". France 24. 2019-08-29. Retrieved 2021-01-10.
  3. ^ "Fiche de synthèse : La situation matérielle du député - Rôle et pouvoirs de l'Assemblée nationale - Assemblée nationale". Retrieved 2021-01-10.