Florence Parly

Florence Parly (born 8 May 1963) is a French politician serving as Minister of the Armed Forces since 2017 under President Emmanuel Macron. A former member of the Socialist Party, which she left in 2006, she previously was Secretary of State for the Budget from 2000 to 2002 under President Jacques Chirac.

Florence Parly
(Florence Parly) 190907-D-BN624-0170 (48694393657) (cropped).jpg
Minister of the Armed Forces
Assumed office
21 June 2017
Prime MinisterÉdouard Philippe
Jean Castex
Preceded bySylvie Goulard
Secretary of State for the Budget
In office
3 January 2000 – 6 May 2002
Prime MinisterLionel Jospin
Preceded byChristian Sautter
Succeeded byAlain Lambert
Personal details
Born (1963-05-08) 8 May 1963 (age 58)
Boulogne-Billancourt, France
NationalityFrench
Political partySocialist Party (1995–2006)
Alma materSciences Po
École nationale d'administration

CareerEdit

An alumna of the École nationale d'administration, Parly was appointed Secretary of State for the Budget on 3 January 2000 in the government of Prime Minister Lionel Jospin. In office until 6 May 2002, she seconded Christian Sautter, then Laurent Fabius at the Ministry of Finance.[1][2]

After briefly serving as a member of the Burgundy Regional Council from 2004 to 2006, Parly worked at Air France as deputy general director from 2006 until 2014, where she was in charge of passenger activity at Orly Airport and stopovers in France.[3]

In 2014, Parly moved on to become director-general of SNCF Voyageurs until 2017.[4][5] She also served on the boards of French companies Altran, Ingenico and Zodiac Aerospace.[6]

Minister of the ArmiesEdit

 
Florence Parly and Indian Navy Vice Admiral Girish Luthra in 2017

Parly was named Minister of the Armies on 21 June 2017 after Sylvie Goulard was forced to resign due to an ongoing investigation of her party.[7] Following the nomination, she resigned from all her board positions; her husband Martin Vial withdrew from his position on the board of Thales Group.[8]

Internal investigationsEdit

Shortly after taking office, Parly ordered an investigation into allegations brought forward by the satirical weekly Le Canard enchaîné that the acting head of the French Air Force borrowed a Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet on weekends to fly from his base in Bordeaux to his home in Provence.[9]

In 2020, Parly placed a French lieutenant colonel, based in Italy and stationed with NATO, under investigation over a suspected breach of security after having passed sensitive documents to the Russian secret services.[10]

International crisesEdit

 
Parly with US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin in 2021

Regarding the Iran Nuclear Deal, Parly told BFM TV in 2019 that "nothing would be worse than Iran leaving this deal. We absolutely want to keep this agreement alive".[11] Following the US-led Baghdad airstrike in January 2020 that killed Iranian Quds Force leader Qasem Soleimani, Parly rejected pressure to withdraw French troops from Iraq, even stating on her Twitter account that France had already reinforced security for its 160 soldiers stationed in Iraq.[12] She further reiterated that it was the French government's priority to fight against ISIS militants, who were re-merging in the area.[12] Parly also warned Iran not to escalate tensions.[12]

Under Parly's leadership, France joined military exercises with Italy, Greece and Cyprus in the Eastern Mediterranean amid a worsening dispute between Turkey and Greece over energy resources in the region in 2020.[13] During that conflict, Parly underlined that France would stand by Greece and Cyprus.[14] On her initiative, NATO investigated French accusations that the Turkish Naval Forces failed to respond to an allied call to inspect a vessel in the Mediterranean, an incident suspected to involve Turkish arms smuggling to Libya.[15]

By mid-2021, Parly oversaw the phase-out of Operation Barkhane with some 5,100 soldiers across the Sahel region, and its transition into the Takuba Task Force.[16] As part of Operation Barkhane, she also authorized the killing of al Qaeda leader Baye ag Bakabo in June 2021; Bakabo had been determined the chief suspect for having abducted and shot Radio France Internationale journalists Claude Verlon and Ghislaine Dupont in November 2013.[17]

The announcement of the AUKUS security pact between the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia in September 2021 sparked a period of diplomatic tensions in French-American and French-Australian relations.[18] The French government received official notification from Australia that the Attack-class submarine project, involving a A$90 billion Australian contract to buy 12 French submarines, was to be cancelled only a few hours before it was publicly announced.[19] In a joint statement, Parly and French foreign minister Jean-Yves Le Drian expressed disappointment at Australia's decision to abandon their joint submarine program with France.[20][21]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kim Willsher (21 June 2017), Macron appoints new faces to senior roles after four ministers resign The Guardian.
  2. ^ "France's Macron Brings Corporate Background to Cabinet Shake-up France's Macron Brings Corporate Background to Cabinet Shake-up" Voice of America, 21 June 2017.
  3. ^ Florence Parly quitte Air France pour d'autres activités Le Point, August 28, 2014.
  4. ^ Valérie Collet (November 19, 2014), Florence Parly, la discrète Le Figaro.
  5. ^ Romain Herreros (17 February 2013). "Qui est Florence Parly, la nouvelle ministre des Armées?" [Who is Florence Parly, the new Minister of the Armies?]. Huffingtonpost.fr. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  6. ^ Matthieu Protard and Mathieu Rosemain (26 June 2017), "Head of French state holding agency asks to be replaced at Thales board" Reuters.
  7. ^ "Macron adds new faces to Cabinet after losing 4 ministers". National Post. Associated Press. 21 June 2017 [19 June 2017].
  8. ^ Matthieu Protard and Mathieu Rosemain (26 June 2017), "Head of French state holding agency asks to be replaced at Thales board" Reuters.
  9. ^ Rory Mulholland (28 June 2017), "French air force commander under investigation for allegedly using fighter jet to fly to Provence home" Daily Telegraph.
  10. ^ Maya Nikolaeva and Gwenaelle Barzic (30 August 2020), French military officer investigated over suspected security breach Reuters.
  11. ^ David Rising (8 May 2019), "Europeans struggle to preserve Iran nuclear accord" Associated Press.
  12. ^ a b c "Governement [sic] Source: France not Planning to Cut Troop Numbers in Iraq for Now" Reuters, 7 January 2020.
  13. ^ Tangi Salaun (26 August 2020), France joins military exercises in east Mediterranean Reuters.
  14. ^ George Georgiopoulos (23 February 2020), France stands by Greece over tensions in Aegean Sea: French defense minister Reuters.
  15. ^ Robin Emmott and John Irish (18 June 2020), NATO to investigate Mediterranean incident between French, Turkish warships Reuters.
  16. ^ Tangi Salaün and John Irish (10 June 2021), France ends West African Barkhane military operation Reuters.
  17. ^ Tangi Salaün and John Irish (11 June 2021), Middle East: France kills senior Islamist leader in Sahel, vows to fight on Reuters.
  18. ^ "Explainer: Why is a submarine deal sparking a diplomatic crisis?". www.aljazeera.com.
  19. ^ Probyn, Andrew (17 September 2021). "French Ambassador says Australia's decision to scrap submarine deal was a breach of trust". ABC News. Archived from the original on 17 September 2021.
  20. ^ "Communiqué conjoint de Jean-Yves Le Drian et de Florence Parly". France Diplomatie (in French). Ministère de l'Europe et des Affaires étrangères. 16 September 2021. Archived from the original on 16 September 2021.
  21. ^ "Aukus: UK, US and Australia launch pact to counter China". BBC News. 16 September 2021. Archived from the original on 16 September 2021.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
State Secretary for the Budget
2000–2002
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Minister of the Armies
2017–present
Incumbent