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Jean-Yves Le Drian (French pronunciation: ​[ʒã.iv lə.dʁi.jã]; born 30 June 1947) is a French politician serving as Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs since 2017. A former member of the Socialist Party, he previously was Minister of Defence and Veterans Affairs from 2012 to 2017 under President François Hollande.[1][2] He was nominated by Emmanuel Macron to serve as Foreign Minister in the Philippe Government on 17 May 2017.

Jean-Yves Le Drian
Jim Mattis and Jean-Yves Le Drian, NATO Headquarters, Brussels, Feb. 15, 2017 (cropped).jpg
Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs
Assumed office
17 May 2017
Prime MinisterÉdouard Philippe
Preceded byJean-Marc Ayrault
President of the Regional Council of Brittany
In office
18 December 2015 – 2 June 2017
Preceded byPierrick Massiot
Succeeded byLoïg Chesnais-Girard
Minister of Defence
In office
16 May 2012 – 10 May 2017
Prime MinisterJean-Marc Ayrault
Manuel Valls
Bernard Cazeneuve
Preceded byGérard Longuet
Succeeded bySylvie Goulard
Personal details
Born (1947-06-30) 30 June 1947 (age 71)
Lorient, France
Political partySocialist Party (1974–2018)
Independent (2018–present)
Alma materUniversity of Rennes 2


Early life and educationEdit

Jean-Yves Le Drian was born on 30 June 1947 in Lorient, Brittany, to working-class parents, Jean and Louisette, who were active members of the Young Christian Workers (Jeunesse ouvrière chrétienne, or JOC, in French). He completed his studies at the University of Rennes, where he was an activist for the Union Nationale des Étudiants de France (UNEF).[1]

Political careerEdit

First of all interested by Breton Democratic Union (UDB) in the 1970s,[3] he joined the French Socialist Party (PS) in May 1974. He served as the deputy mayor of Lorient in 1977 and then, at the age of 30, he became a member of the French National Assembly for Morbihan. He served until 1993 and then again from 1997 until June 2007.[4]

He served as Minister of the Sea in the government of Prime Minister Édith Cresson from 1991 to 1992.

In 2004 at the top of the list Bretagne à gauche, Bretagne pour tous (PS-PCF-PRG-Les Verts-UDB), he won 58.66% in the runoff and a total of 58 seats in the regional council. He thus became regional president of Brittany. In October 2010 he became President of the Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions of Europe (CPMR).[5]

He was nominated to serve as the Minister of Defence under Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault on 16 May 2012.[5] As Minister of Defence, he managed the withdrawal of French troops from Afghanistan and the deployment of French troops in the Northern Mali conflict and Operation Barkhane. He is also credited with leading a resurgence in French weapons' exports that have resulted in billions of euros in deals, including the first exports of the Dassault Rafale fighter jet.[6]

On 23 March 2017, Le Drian endorsed Emmanuel Macron's candidacy for President.[7]

On 8 March 2018 he officially resigned from the Socialist Party.

Awards and honoursEdit


  1. ^ a b "Actualité – Personnalité – Jean-Yves Le Drian". Le Point. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  2. ^ "CV: Jean-Yves LE DRIAN" (PDF). European Commission. 25 January 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 February 2014.
  3. ^ Raynaudon-Kerzerho, Maiwenn (1 March 2014). "L'Union démocratique bretonne : un demi-siècle de lutte pour l'autonomie" [The Breton Democratic Union: half a century of fight for the autonomy]. Bretons (in French) (96). Vannes/Gwened, Brittany: Les Éditions Blanc et Noir. p. 38. ISSN 0245-9507.
  4. ^ "Monsieur Jean-Yves LE DRIAN" Le Trombinoscope 29 May 2008, a commercial biographical database in French
  5. ^ a b "Jean-Yves Le Drian is the new French Minister for Defence". Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions of Europe. 18 May 2012. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  6. ^ Factbox: Ministers in new French government Reuters, May 17, 2017.
  7. ^ "French election: Defence Minister Le Drian defects to Macron". BBC. 23 March 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  8. ^ "Real Decreto 1093/2015, de 4 de diciembre por el que se concede la Gran Cruz de la Orden de Isabel la Católica Jean-Yves Le Drian, Ministro de Defensa de la República Francesa". BOE (Spanish Official Journal). 5 December 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  9. ^ "RDes C130J franco-allemands bientôt à Evreux". defense.gouv.f. 14 April 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  10. ^ "Le Drian décoré par le président égyptien" [Le Drian decorated by the Egyptian President] (in French). Le Figaro. 2017-02-28.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Gérard Longuet
Minister of Defence
Succeeded by
Sylvie Goulard
Preceded by
Jean-Marc Ayrault
Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs