Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Air France (French pronunciation: ​[ɛːʁ fʁɑ̃s]; formally Société Air France, S.A.), stylized as AIRFRANCE, is the French flag carrier headquartered in Tremblay-en-France. It is a subsidiary of the Air France–KLM Group and a founding member of the SkyTeam global airline alliance. As of 2013 Air France serves 36 destinations in France and operates worldwide scheduled passenger and cargo services to 168 destinations in 93 countries (including overseas departments and territories of France) and also carried 46,803,000 passengers in 2015. The airline's global hub is at Charles de Gaulle Airport with Orly Airport. Air France's corporate headquarters, previously in Montparnasse, Paris,[4] are located on the grounds of Charles de Gaulle Airport, north of Paris.[5]

Société Air France, S.A.
Air France Logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
AF AFR AIRFRANS
Founded 7 October 1933; 84 years ago (1933-10-07)
Hubs
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer program

Flying Blue

  • Première Lounge
  • Departures Lounge
  • Arrivals Lounge
  • Salon Air France
  • SkyTeam Lounge
  • Air France Lounge
Alliance SkyTeam
Subsidiaries
Fleet size 227
Destinations 204[citation needed]
Company slogan France is in the air
Parent company Air France–KLM
Headquarters Roissypôle
Charles de Gaulle Airport
Tremblay-en-France, France
Key people
Revenue €15,414 million (2016)[2]
Employees 84,602 [3]
Website www.airfrance.com

Air France was formed on 7 October 1933 from a merger of Air Orient, Air Union, Compagnie Générale Aéropostale, Compagnie Internationale de Navigation Aérienne (CIDNA), and Société Générale de Transport Aérien (SGTA). During the Cold War, from 1950 until 1990, it was one of the three main Allied scheduled airlines operating in Germany at West Berlin's Tempelhof and Tegel airports. In 1990, it acquired the operations of French domestic carrier Air Inter and international rival UTA – Union de Transports Aériens. It served as France's primary national flag carrier for seven decades prior to its 2003 merger with KLM.

Between April 2001 and March 2002, the airline carried 43.3 million passengers and had a total revenue of 12.53bn. In November 2004, Air France ranked as the largest European airline with 25.5% total market share, and was the largest airline in the world in terms of operating revenue.

Air France operates a mixed fleet of Airbus and Boeing widebody jets on long-haul routes, and uses Airbus A320 family aircraft on short-haul routes. Air France introduced the A380 on 20 November 2009 with service to New York City's JFK Airport from Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport. The carrier's regional airline subsidiary, HOP!, operates the majority of its regional domestic and European scheduled services with a fleet of regional jet aircraft.[6]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Formation and early yearsEdit

 
The inauguration of the Aérogare des Invalides on 21 August 1951

Air France was formed on 7 October 1933, from a merger of Air Orient, Air Union, Compagnie Générale Aéropostale, Compagnie Internationale de Navigation Aérienne (CIDNA) and Société Générale des Transports Aériens (SGTA). Of these airlines, SGTA was the first commercial airline company in France, having been founded as Lignes Aériennes Farman in 1919. The constituent members of Air France had already built extensive networks across Europe, to French colonies in North Africa and farther afield. During World War II, Air France moved its operations to Casablanca (Morocco).

In 1936, Air France added French-built twin engine Potez 62 aircraft to its fleet featuring a two compartment cabin that could accommodate 14 to 16 passengers. A high wing monoplane, it had a wooden fuselage with composite coating while the wings were fabric covered with a metal leading edge. Equipped with Hispano-Suiza V-engines, they were used on routes in Europe, South America and the Far East. Although cruising at only 175 miles per hour, the Potez 62 was a robust and reliable workhorse for Air France and remained in service until the Second World War with one used by the Free French Air Force.[7]

 
1936 Air France ad for service using Potez 62 twin-engine aircraft.
 
Air France Douglas DC-3 at Manchester Airport in 1952

On 26 June 1945 all of France's air transport companies were nationalised.[8] On 29 December 1945, a decree of the French Government granted Air France the management of the entire French air transport network.[9] Air France appointed its first flight attendants in 1946. The same year the airline opened its first air terminal at Les Invalides in central Paris. It was linked to Paris Le Bourget Airport, Air France's first operations and engineering base, by coach. At that time the network covered 160,000 km, claimed to be the longest in the world.[10] Société Nationale Air France was set up on 1 January 1946.

European schedules were initially operated by a fleet of Douglas DC-3 aircraft. On 1 July 1946, Air France started direct flights between Paris and New York via refuelling stops at Shannon and Gander. Douglas DC-4 piston-engine airliners covered the route in just under 20 hours.[10] In September 1947 Air France's network stretched east from New York, Fort de France and Buenos Aires to Shanghai.

 
Lockheed Super Constellation of Air France at London (Heathrow) Airport in April 1955

By 1948 Air France operated 130 aircraft, one of the largest fleets in the world.[10] Between 1947 and 1965 the airline operated Lockheed Constellations on passenger and cargo services worldwide.[11] In 1946 and 1948, respectively, the French government authorised the creation of two private airlines: Transports Aériens Internationaux – later Transports Aériens Intercontinentaux – (TAI) and SATI. In 1949 the latter became part of Union Aéromaritime de Transport (UAT), a private French international airline.[10][12]

Compagnie Nationale Air France was created by act of parliament on 16 June 1948. Initially, the government held 70%. In subsequent years the French state's direct and indirect shareholdings reached almost 100%. In mid-2002 the state held 54%.[10][13]

On 4 August 1948 Max Hymans was appointed president. During his 13-year tenure he would implement modernisation practices centred on the introduction of jet aircraft. In 1949 the company became a co-founder of Société Internationale de Télécommunications Aéronautiques (SITA), an airline telecommunications services company.[10]

Jet age re-organisationEdit

 
Passengers disembarking from a Sud-Est SE-161

In 1952 Air France moved its operations and engineering base to the new Paris Orly Airport South terminal. By then the network covered 250,000 km.[10] Air France entered the jet age in 1953 with the original, short-lived de Havilland Comet series 1, the world's first jetliner.

During the mid-1950s it also operated the Vickers Viscount turboprop, with twelve entering service between May 1953 and August 1954 on the European routes. On 26 September 1953 the government instructed Air France to share long-distance routes with new private airlines. This was followed by the Ministry of Public Works and Transport's imposition of an accord on Air France, Aigle Azur, TAI and UAT, under which some routes to Africa, Asia and the Pacific region were transferred to private carriers.[10]

On 23 February 1960 the Ministry of Public Works and Transport transferred Air France's domestic monopoly to Air Inter. To compensate for the loss of its domestic network Air France was given a stake in Air Inter. The following day Air France was instructed to share African routes with Air Afrique and UAT.[10][13]

The airline started uninterrupted jet operations in 1960 with the Sud Aviation Caravelle and the Boeing 707;[10] jet airliners cut travel times in half and improved comfort.[10] Air France later became an early Boeing 747 operator and eventually had one of the world's largest 747 fleets.

 
Air France Caravelle jetliner in 1977

On 1 February 1963 the government formalised division of routes between Air France and its private sector rivals. Air France was to withdraw services to West Africa (except Senegal), Central Africa (except Burundi and Rwanda), Southern Africa (including South Africa), Libya in North Africa, Bahrain and Oman in the Middle East, Sri Lanka (then known as Ceylon) in South Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore in Southeast Asia, Australia, New Zealand as well as New Caledonia and Tahiti. These routes were allocated to the new Union de Transports Aériens (UTA), a new private airline resulting from the merger of TAI and UAT. UTA also got exclusive rights between Japan, New Caledonia and New Zealand, South Africa and Réunion island in the Indian Ocean, as well as Los Angeles and Tahiti.[10][13][14]

From 1974, Air France began shifting the bulk of operations to the new Charles de Gaulle Airport north of Paris. By the early 1980s, only Corsica, Martinique, Guadeloupe, most services to French Guyana, Réunion, the Maghreb region, Eastern Europe (except the USSR), Southern Europe (except Greece and Italy), and one daily service to New York (JFK) remained at Orly. In 1974, Air France also became the world's first operator of the Airbus A300 twin-engine widebody plane, Airbus Industrie's first commercial airliner for which it was a launch customer.[15]

Concorde service and rivalryEdit

 
Air France Concorde at CDG Airport in 2003

On 21 January 1976, Air France operated its inaugural supersonic transport (SST) service on the Paris (Charles de Gaulle) to Rio (via Dakar) route with Anglo-French BAC-Aérospatiale Concorde F-BVFA. Supersonic services from Paris (CDG) to Washington Dulles International Airport began on 24 May 1976, also with F-BVFA. Service to New York (JFK) – the only remaining Concorde service until its end – commenced on 22 November 1977. Paris to New York was flown in 3 hours 23 minutes, at about twice the speed of sound. Approval for flights to the United States was initially withheld due to noise protests. Eventually, services to Mexico City via Washington, D.C. were started. Air France became one of only two airlines – British Airways being the other – to regularly operate supersonic services, and continued daily transatlantic Concorde service until late May 2003.[16]

By 1983, Air France's golden jubilee, the workforce numbered more than 34,000, its fleet about 100 jet aircraft (including 33 Boeing 747s) and its 634,400 km network served 150 destinations in 73 countries. This made Air France the fourth-largest scheduled passenger airline in the world, as well as the second-largest scheduled freight carrier.[10] Air France also codeshared with regional French airlines, TAT being the most prominent. TAT would later operate several regional international routes on behalf of Air France.[17] In 1983 Air France began passenger flights to South Korea, being the first European airline to do so.[18]

In 1986 the government relaxed its policy of dividing traffic rights for scheduled services between Air France, Air Inter and UTA, without route overlaps between them. The decision opened some of Air France's most lucrative routes on which it had enjoyed a government-sanctioned monopoly since 1963 and which were within its exclusive sphere of influence, to rival airlines, notably UTA. The changes enabled UTA to launch scheduled services to new destinations within Air France's sphere, in competition with that airline.[citation needed]

 
Air France operated 33 Boeing 747s by 1983. Here, a 747-100 is seen at CDG Airport in 1978.

Paris-San Francisco became the first route UTA served in competition with Air France non-stop from Paris. Air France responded by extending some non-stop Paris-Los Angeles services to Papeete, Tahiti, which competed with UTA on Los Angeles-Papeete. UTA's ability to secure traffic rights outside its traditional sphere in competition with Air France was the result of a campaign to lobby the government to enable it to grow faster, becoming more dynamic and more profitable. This infuriated Air France.[19]

In 1987 Air France together with Lufthansa, Iberia and SAS founded Amadeus, an IT company (also known as a GDS) that would enable travel agencies to sell the founders and other airlines' products from a single system.[citation needed]

In 1988, Air France was a launch customer for the fly-by-wire (FBW) A320 narrowbody twin, along with Air Inter and British Caledonian. It became the first airline to take delivery of the A320 in March 1988, and along with Air Inter became the first airlines to introduce Airbus A320 service on short-haul routes.[20]

Acquisitions and privatisationEdit

 
Dassault Mercure of Air Inter which became part of Air France in 1990

On 12 January 1990, the operations of government-owned Air France, semi-public Air Inter and wholly private Union de Transports Aériens (UTA) were merged into an enlarged Air France.[10] Air France's acquisition of UTA and Air Inter was part of an early 1990s government plan to create a unified, national air carrier with the economies of scale and global reach to counter potential threats from the liberalisation of the EU's internal air transport market.[21]

On 25 July 1994, a new holding company, Groupe Air France, was set up by decree. Groupe Air France became operational on 1 September 1994. It acquired the Air France group's majority shareholdings in Air France and Air Inter (subsequently renamed Air Inter Europe). On 31 August 1994, Stephen Wolf, a former United Airlines CEO, was appointed adviser to the Air France group's chairman Christian Blanc. Wolf was credited with the introduction of Air France's hub and spoke operation at Paris Charles de Gaulle. (Wolf resigned in 1996 to take over as CEO at US Airways.)[22][23]

In 1997, Air France Europe was absorbed into Air France. On 19 February 1999, French Prime Minister Lionel Jospin's Plural Left government approved Air France's partial privatisation. Its shares were listed on the Paris stock exchange on 22 February 1999. In June 1999, Air France and Delta Air Lines formed a bilateral transatlantic partnership. On 22 June 2000, this expanded into the SkyTeam global airline alliance.[24][10]

Air France-KLM mergerEdit

 
The merger of Air France and KLM occurred in 2004

On 30 September 2003, Air France and Netherlands-based KLM Royal Dutch Airlines announced the merger of the two airlines, the new company to be known as Air France-KLM. The merger became reality on 5 May 2004. At that point former Air France shareholders owned 81% of the new firm (44% owned by the French state, 37% by private shareholders), former KLM shareholders the rest. The decision of the Jean-Pierre Raffarin government to reduce the French state's shareholding in the former Air France group from 54.4% to 44% of the newly created Air France-KLM Group effectively privatised the new airline. In December 2004 the state sold 18.4% of its equity in Air France-KLM. The state's shareholding in Air France-KLM subsequently fell to just under 20%.[24]

Air France-KLM became the largest airline in the world in terms of operating revenues, and third-largest (largest in Europe) in passenger kilometres.[24] Although owned by a single company, Air France and KLM continued to fly under their own brand names. Air France-KLM remained part of the SkyTeam alliance, which then included Aeroflot, Delta Air Lines, Aeroméxico, Korean Air, Czech Airlines, Alitalia, Northwest Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Air Europa, Continental Airlines, Garuda Indonesia, Vietnam Airlines and Saudi Arabian Airlines. As of March 2004, Air France employed 71,654 people.[25] As of March 2007, the airline employed 102,422 personnel.[24]

Open Skies ventureEdit

On 17 October 2007, the creation of a profit and revenue-sharing transatlantic joint venture between Air France-KLM and Delta Air Lines was announced during a press conference at Air France-KLM's headquarters. The venture became effective on 29 March 2008. It aimed to exploit transatlantic opportunities to capture a major share of long-haul business traffic from London Heathrow Airport, which opened to unrestricted competition on that day as a result of the "Open Skies" pact between the EU and US. It was envisaged that Air France and Delta would begin nine daily round trips between London-Heathrow and destinations in the USA, including a daily London (Heathrow) to Los Angeles service by Air France. Once the new Air France-Delta venture received antitrust immunity, it was to be extended to the other two transatlantic SkyTeam partners, enabling all four partners to codeshare flights as well as to share revenue and profit.[26][27] The new transatlantic joint venture marks the Air France-KLM Group's second major expansion in the London market, following the launch of CityJet-operated short-haul services from London City Airport that have been aimed at business travellers in the City's financial services industry.[26] However, the daily London (Heathrow) to Los Angeles service was not as successful as hoped, and was discontinued in November 2008.[28]

2010sEdit

On 12 January 2012, Air France-KLM announced their three-year transformation plan, called Transform 2015, to restore profitability. This plan works by restoring competitiveness through cost-cutting, restructuring the short- and medium-haul operations and rapidly reducing debt. The main objective of this plan was to turn Air France-KLM back into a world player by 2015. Air France had been losing 700 million euros a year. As the financial results of 2011 demonstrated, the long-haul operations, also subject to increasing competition, would not be able to offset these losses. On 22 February 2012, Air France released their plan for summer schedule. Because of the uncertain economic environment, Air France-KLM set a limit of 1.4% maximum increase in capacity from 25 March 2012 – 28 October 2012.[citation needed]

On 21 June 2012, Air France-KLM had announced its decision to cut just under 10% of the total 53,000 workforce (about 5,000 jobs) by the end of 2013 in an attempt to restore profitability. The airline expected to lose 1,700 jobs through natural turnover and the rest by voluntary redundancies.[29] As of August 2012, the Transform 2015 plan was accepted by ground staff and pilot unions but rejected by cabin crew unions.[30]

At the beginning of July 2012, it was announced that Air France-KLM found partners for the new African start-up airline Air Cemac, which was co-founded by six countries in Central Africa to replace the former Air Afrique. But several problems and two partners, who decided to back out, delayed the implementation of the project. Following its launch, Air Cemac announced it would commence operations in 2013.[31]

In September 2013, Air France introduced a brand new Economy product along with an improved Premium Economy seat and service. It is expected that the new improvements would be fitted on aircraft from June 2014 onwards.[32] In October 2013, Air France-KLM announced they were writing off the 25% stake in Alitalia, as it was hesitant the struggling carrier would obtain the 300 million euros in financing. The group has denied Alitalia of additional funds as it is currently struggling to restructure itself to profitability with the Transform 2015 plan.[33]

In December 2013, Air France announced that Cityjet no longer meets the short haul needs of the group and is in the process of closing a deal with German firm Intro Aviation by the end of Q1 of 2014.[34]

In 2014, the airline was targeted by a negative publicity campaign, spearheaded by PETA, for being the only major airline that permits the transport of primates for research.[35][36][37][38]

On 4 February 2014, the new business product was unveiled, featuring a fully flat bed from Zodiac Aerospace. The seat will be fitted on Boeing 777 aircraft from June 2014 onwards.[39] In September 2014, Air France announced it would sell a 3 percent stake in travel technology company Amadeus IT Group for $438 million.[40]

Late in 2015, Air France faced a financial crisis, which was exacerbated by a pilot's strike against the airline. The airline answered the strike by announcing it would cut some 2,900 jobs.[41] In December 2015, Air France announced to retire their last Boeing 747-400 with a special scenic flight on 14 January 2016. The airline operated the 747 in several variants since 1970.[42]

In January 2017 Air France received its first Boeing 787-9.

From November 2017 CityJet will no longer operate Air France flights and the affected destinations will be served by Air France and HOP! from then on.[43]

In July 2017 Air France-KLM entered into a multi-airline strategic partnership with Delta Air Lines, China Eastern Airlines and Virgin Atlantic Airways, solidifying the existing ties between the carriers. Under the agreement Delta and China Eastern are each buying 10% of Air France-KLM while Air France-KLM will buy 31% of Virgin Atlantic. [44]

Corporate affairs and identityEdit

Head officeEdit

Head office of Air France in Roissypôle, Charles de Gaulle Airport, Tremblay-en-France

Air France's head office is located in the Roissypôle complex on the grounds of Charles de Gaulle Airport and in the commune of Tremblay-en-France, Seine-Saint-Denis, near the city of Paris.[45][46][47][48][49] Wil S. Hylton of The New York Times described the facility as "a huge white box that squats near the runways at Charles de Gaulle Airport."[50]

The 130,000 square metres (1,400,000 sq ft) complex was completed in December 1995. The French firm Groupement d'Etudes et de Méthodes d'Ordonnancement (GEMO) managed the project. The architect was Valode & Pistre and the design consultants were Sechaud-Boyssut and Trouvin. The project cost 137,000,000 euros[47] (less than 700 million francs[51]). The runways of the airport are visible from the building.[52] The Air France Operations Control Centre (OCC, French: Centre de Contrôle des Opérations, CCO), which coordinates Air France flights worldwide, is situated at the AF head office.[53][54]

 
Former head office, Square Max Hymans

For about 30 years prior to December 1995, Air France's headquarters were located in a tower adjacent to the Gare Montparnasse rail station in the Montparnasse area and the 15th arrondissement of Paris.[55] By 1991 two bids for the purchase of the Square Max Hymans building had been made.[56] By 1992 the complex was sold to Mutuelle générale de l'Éducation nationale (fr) (MGEN) for 1.6 billion francs.[57] By that year Air France had planned to move its head office to Roissypôle,[58] taking 50,000 square metres (540,000 sq ft) of space inside the hotel, office, and shopping complex on the grounds of Charles de Gaulle Airport.[59] After Air France moved to Tremblay-en-France, the ownership of the former head office complex was transferred.[60]

On a previous occasion the head office was at 2 rue marbeuf in the 8th arrondissement of Paris.[61]

Foreign officesEdit

Air France's United States offices are in the 125 West 55th Street building in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.[62] Air France first signed a lease to occupy the building in 1991.[63] The site also formerly housed the New York City city ticket office for Air France.

Air France-KLM's head office for United Kingdom and Ireland operations, which includes facilities for Air France and KLM, is located in Plesman House in Hatton Cross. The facility's inauguration was on 6 July 2006. Air France moved the office from Hounslow to Hatton.[64]

Crew baseEdit

Air France Cité PN, located at Charles de Gaulle Airport, acts as the airline's crew base. The building, developed by Valode & Pistre, opened in February 2006. The first phase consisted of 33,400 square metres (360,000 sq ft) of space and 4,300 parking spaces. The building is connected to the Air France head office.[65]

Vaccination centreEdit

Air France operates the Air France Vaccinations Centre in the 7th arrondissement of Paris.[66][67] The centre distributes vaccines for international travel. Since 2001 the centre was the only French vaccination centre certified International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9001.[68] In 2005 the centre moved from the Aérogare des Invalides to its current location.[69]

 
Aérogare des Invalides, 7th arrondissement, Paris

Aérogare des InvalidesEdit

The Aérogare des Invalides in the 7th arrondissement of Paris houses the Agence Air France Invalides and the Air France Museum.[70][71] Until 2005 the building hosted the Air France Vaccinations Centre.[69] On 28 August 1959 Air France opened a ticket and information agency in the former air terminal in Invalides, targeting transit passengers and customers from offices and companies in the Invalides area.[72]

Subsidiaries and franchisesEdit

 
Air France regional jet operated by Brit Air, now HOP!

The subsidiaries of Air France include:[73]

Air France and Dutch affiliate Transavia formed Transavia France, a low-cost joint venture in May 2007, based at Orly Airport.[75]

Air Corsica, CityJet and HOP! all operate flights on behalf of Air France, either as subsidiaries or as franchisees.

Air France Asie and Air France Cargo AsieEdit

 
Air France Cargo Asie Boeing 747-200F

Owing to the disputed status of Taiwan, Air France could not operate flights to the island under its own name. In 1993, its subsidiary, Air Charter, began operating flights between Paris and Taipei via Hong Kong,[76] but after Air Charter ceased operations in 1998, a subsidiary called Air France Asie was established.[77] The airline was one of a number of airline subsidiaries flying under the "Asia" name with the purpose of flying to Taiwan, which included Japan Asia Airways (a Japan Airlines subsidiary), KLM Asia, British Asia Airways, Swissair Asia, and Australia Asia Airlines (a Qantas subsidiary).

The livery of Air France Asie differed from that of Air France by having a design in blue and white on tailfin, rather than one in blue, white and red, representing the French Tricolour. Air France Asie used two Airbus A340-200 aircraft, F-GLZD and F-GLZE, and two Boeing 747-428Ms, F-GISA and F-GISC. Similarly, Air France Cargo Asie used a 747-200 Combi (for passengers and freight), F-GCBH) or the all-cargo (F-GCBL, F-GPAN and F-GBOX). Air France Asie ceased operations in 2004 while Air France Cargo Asie ceased operations in 2007.

OutsourcingEdit

In 2010 Air France migrated from an internally managed Passenger service system (Alpha3) that manages reservation, inventory and pricing to an external system (Altéa) managed by Amadeus. In rail ventures, Air France and Veolia are looking into jointly operating high-speed rail services in Europe. Routes have become available to operators in accordance with European rail liberalisation on 1 January 2010.[78]

LiveryEdit

 
Boeing 777-200ER with Air France's Eurowhite 1970s–2008 livery
 
Air France Boeing 777-300ER in the new livery landing at Montreal-Trudeau.

Air France's present livery is a "Eurowhite" scheme, comprising a white fuselage with the blue Air France title and design. The tail is white with a series of parallel red and blue lines across the it at an angle, and a small European flag at the top. This livery has been in use since the late 1970s. Prior to the "Eurowhite" livery, Air France aircraft had a bare-metal underside, extending up to a blue cheat-line that ran across the cabin windows. Above the cheat-line the fuselage was again white, with Air France titles and a French flag. The tail was white with two thick blue lines, which tapered from the rear of the tail and met at point towards the front bottom. This basic livery, with minor variations, would appear on all post-war Air France aircraft until the late 1970s.

On January 2009, to coincide with Air France's new logo, a new livery was unveiled.[79] Air France rolled out their new livery on 11 February 2009. The 2009 livery saw the tail slightly changed; there are now 3 blue bars running down instead of 4 previously. The bars also now curve at the bottom, reflecting the design of the logo.

MarketingEdit

The new official song played before and after Air France flights (during boarding and after landing) is 'The World Can Be Yours' by Telepopmusik. Air France has used different popular music groups for its marketing and on-board ambience, ranging from The Chemical Brothers in 1999 to Telepopmusik in 2010.[80]

Air France launched a new ad campaign in 2015 designed by BETC and directed by We Are From LA, focusing on French culture. Along with the ad campaign and print ads, Air France also introduced a similarly themed safety video. The music is a customised version of Glass Candy's song Warm in the Winter.[81]

UniformsEdit

Air France uniforms denote the ranks for the flight attendants. Two silver sleeve stripes denote a Chief Purser. One silver sleeve stripe denote a Purser. Flight attendants do not have any sleeve stripes. The female cabin crew uniforms feature the stripes on the breast pocket rather than the sleeve for their male counterparts. Air France's current uniforms were created by French fashion designer Christian Lacroix.[82]

BrandingEdit

Upon its formation, Air France adopted the seahorse logo of its predecessor Air Orient, known as the hippocampe ailé (sometimes derisively called "la crevette" – or shrimp – by its employees), as its insignia.[83][84] Prior to the Air France-KLM merger, the hippocampe ailé was used on the nose section of aircraft next to the Groupe Air France title; after the merger, the Air France-KLM logo was substituted at the nose area, and the hippocampe ailé was relocated to engine nacelles. The acronym "AF" has also featured prominently on the airline's flag and its signage. On 7 January 2009, Air France officially changed its logo to a red stripe.

DestinationsEdit

 
Air France destinations as of 2017
 
An Air France Boeing 777-300ER specially painted in SkyTeam livery to commemorate the airline's membership

Air France is a full service global airline. As of 2011, it flies to 36 domestic destinations and 168 international destinations in 93 countries (including Overseas departments and territories of France) across 6 continents. This includes Air France Cargo services and destinations served by franchisees Air Corsica, CityJet and HOP!.

Most of Air France's international flights operate from Paris-Roissy Charles de Gaulle airport. Air France also has a strong presence at Paris-Orly, Lyon-Saint-Exupéry, Marseilles Provence, Toulouse Blagnac, Nice Côte d'Azur and Bordeaux-Merignac airports.

Hub informationEdit

  • Charles de Gaulle Airport: Air France's intercontinental and biggest hub, with 335 daily departures. It is also a hub for Air France's subsidiary HOP!.
  • Orly Airport: Air France's second biggest hub serving 40 destinations around the world, it is also a hub for Air France's subsidiary HOP!. Long-haul flights are mainly operated to destinations in French overseas departments.
  • Lyon-Saint Exupéry Airport: Air France's third biggest hub serving 37 destinations in France and Europe, also a hub for Air France's subsidiary HOP!.
  • Marseille Provence Airport: This is Air France's newest hub as part of its offensive in the French regions. It serves 30 destinations in France, Europe and Africa.
  • Nice Côte d'Azur Airport: Air France flies to four destinations from Nice.
  • Toulouse-Blagnac Airport: Air France flies to 14 destinations from Toulouse.

Codeshare agreementsEdit

Air France codeshares with the following airlines:[85]

FleetEdit

Current fleetEdit

 
Airbus A320 (2010)

As of November 2017, the Air France fleet consists of the following aircraft:[88][89]

Air France Passenger Fleet
Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
F J W Y Total
Airbus A318-100 18 26 86 112 Largest operator.
Airbus A319-100 38 28 115 143 2 leased to Air Côte d'Ivoire.
142 142
Airbus A320-200 43 26 139 165 2 operated for Transavia France, 1 leased to Air Corsica.
15 150 165
30 135 165
178 178
Airbus A321-100 5 212 212 Former Air Inter fleet
Airbus A321-200 15 212 212
32 168 200
Airbus A330-200 15 40 21 147 208
Airbus A340-300 9 30 21 224 275 To be replaced by Airbus A350-900.
Some are to be transferred to subsidiary Joon.
Airbus A350-900 21[90]
TBA
Entering service in 2019.[91]
Airbus A380-800 10 9 80 38 389 516
Boeing 777-200ER 25 40 24 216 280
Boeing 777-300ER 43 14 32 422 468 Launch customer.[92]
42 24 315 381
4 58 28 206 296
Boeing 787-9 4 13 30 21 225 276
Air France Cargo Fleet
Boeing 777F 2
Cargo
Launch customer.[92]
Total 227 34

OrdersEdit

  • On 16 September 2011, Air France-KLM announced their order of 50 Airbus A350 and Boeing 787s with 60 options to operate 43 Airbus A350-900 and 30 Boeing 787-9 through 2024 : Air France will receive its first A350 in 2018 and later, both airlines will operate both types of aircraft.[93] The first Boeing 787-9 entered into service with KLM in 2015 and will also enter service with Air France in early 2017.[94]

Airbus A380Edit

Air France signed as a launch customer for the Airbus A380-800 "superjumbo" in 2001.[95] Air France had ordered 12 Airbus A380-800 aircraft, with options on a further two. Air France was the first airline in Europe to be operating the A380 with Lufthansa following in June 2010. The first A380 was delivered on 30 October 2009, and the Paris to New York route was used as the first route. All of Air France's Airbus A380s depart from their international hub at Charles de Gaulle Airport in Terminal 2E (Main Terminal, Satellites 3 and 4). Air France will keep its 10 Airbus A380 and plans to renew their cabins from 2020 onwards, with densification up to 70 seats.[96]

Widebody fleetEdit

Air France-KLM has a commitment for 37 Boeing 787s, 25 directly and 12 through AerCap: 16 for Air France and 21 for KLM. Air France plans to take delivery of five 787-9s in 2017 and two in 2018 to replaces some A340-300s, subsequent A340s would be replaced by A350s from 2019, Air France-KLM has 28 A350s on firm order.[96]

Narrowbody fleetEdit

Air France have to decide in 2018 how its narrowbody fleet should be replaced: it operates 117 A320 family aircraft including 41 A320s and 18 A318s. KLM operates a younger fleet of Boeing 737NGs that doesn't need replacement soon.[96]

Fleet historyEdit

Before its current fleet, Air France has operated the following aircraft types:[97]

Air France historical fleet
Aircraft Introduced Retired Notes/Refs
Aérospatiale/BAC Concorde 1976 2003 One crashed in 2000 as AF4590
Airbus A300B2-100 1974 1986
Airbus A300B4-200 1976 1998
Airbus A310-200 1984 2002
Airbus A310-300 1989 2002
Airbus A340-200 1993 1999
Amiot AAC.1 Toucan (Junkers Ju 52/3m) 1945 1953
Boeing 707-320B 1960 1982 [98]
Boeing 707-320C 1960 1984 [98]
Boeing 707-320 Intercontinental 1959 1979 [98]
Boeing 727-200 1968 1993[99]
Boeing 737-200 1982 2002
Boeing 737-300 1991 2004
Boeing 737-500 1990 2007
Boeing 747-100 1970 2008
Boeing 747-200B 1977 2005
Boeing 747-200F 1974 2003
Boeing 747-300 1991 2007
Boeing 747-400 1991 2016
Boeing 747-400BCF 2009 2011
Boeing 747-400ERF 2002 2015
Boeing 767-200ER 1991 1992 [100]
Boeing 767-300ER 1991 2003 [100]
Breguet Deux-Ponts 1949 1971 [101]
Douglas DC-3 1946 1962 [102]
Douglas DC-4 1946 1971 [103]
Douglas DC-6 1949 1968 [104]
Fokker F27 1967 1997 [105]
Fokker 100 1997 1999
Junkers Ju 52/3m 1945 1953
Latécoère 631 1947 Unknown
Lockheed L-049 Constellation 1946 1950
Lockheed L-749 Constellation 1947 1961 [106]
Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation 1953 1968 [107]
Lockheed L-1649A Starliner 1957 1963 [108]
Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 1989 1991
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 1992 1995
SNCASE Languedoc 1945 1952 [109]
Sud-Ouest Bretagne Unknown Unknown
Sud Aviation SE 210 Caravelle 1959 1981 [110]
Transall C-160 1973 1978
Vickers Viscount 700 1953 1968 [111]

Air France also briefly operated Convair 990 and Douglas DC-8-61 jet aircraft.[112]

ConcordeEdit

 
Aerial view of Air France Concorde F-BVFA at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Virginia

The five Air France Concordes were retired on 31 May 2003, as a result of insufficient demand following the 25 July 2000 crash of AF Concorde F-BTSC, at Gonesse (near Charles de Gaulle Airport), as well as higher fuel and maintenance costs. British Airways flew its last Concorde service on 24 October 2003. Concorde F-BVFA was transferred to the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center at Washington Dulles International Airport. F-BVFB was given to the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum in Germany, F-BTSD to the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace at Le Bourget Airport in Paris, while F-BVFC returned to its place of manufacture in Toulouse, at the Airbus factory. F-BVFF is the only example to remain at Charles de Gaulle Airport.

Boeing 747Edit

 
Air France Boeing 747-400

On 11 and 14 January 2016, Air France finally retired its last Boeing 747-400, the airline had operated 747-series aircraft since 3 June 1970. They were replaced by A380s and 777s.[113][114]

CabinEdit

 
La Première seats on a Boeing 777

Air France offers a mix of three and four cabin configurations for international long haul routes, featuring La Première (select aircraft), Business, Premium Economy and Economy. Personal screens with audio video on demand is available in all cabins on all long-haul aircraft. European short-haul and medium-haul flights feature a three cabin configuration with Business, Premium Economy, and Economy.

La PremièreEdit

La Première, Air France's long-haul first class product, is available on the Airbus A380-800 and selected Boeing 777-300ER aircraft.[115] The Première cabin features wood and leather seats which recline 180°, forming two-metre long beds. Each seat features a 10.4" touchscreen personal screen with interactive gaming and audio video on demand, a privacy divider, automassage feature, reading light, storage drawer, noise-cancelling headphones, personal telephone, and laptop power ports. Each passenger is also provided with a personalised coat service, pure merino wool blanket, a "boudoir-style" cushion, and a travel kit featuring Biologique Recherche facial and body care products to moisturize and refresh the skin. Turndown service includes a mattress, a duvet, hypoallergenic feather pillow, sleepwear, a dust bag for shoes, and a pair of slippers[116] À la carte on-demand meal services feature entrées created by Chef Guy Martin. Private lounge access is offered worldwide featuring a chauffeured car to the aircraft. La Première is not available on the Airbus A330-200, Airbus A340-300, Boeing 747-400, Boeing 777-200ER and selected Boeing 777-300ER aircraft where Business is the highest cabin class. Four-class 777-200ER and 777-300ER configurations are equipped with four and eight La Première seats respectively, while the Airbus A380 feature 9 La Première seats.

BusinessEdit

Business, Air France's long-haul business class product, is available on all long haul aircraft. Business features angled lie-flat seats which recline to two metres in length. Each seat includes a 10.4" touchscreen TV monitor with interactive gaming and AVOD, reading light, personal telephone, and laptop power ports. Meal service features three-course meals and a cheese service, or an express menu served shortly after takeoff.

Air France has released a brand new business class product, the seat is a Zodiac Aerospace Cirrus and is designed by Mark Collins of Design Investment, specialized in the world of high-end transportation and by the design and branding agency, Brandimage. The new seat would be installed on the Boeing 777 aircraft from June 2014 until summer 2016, all other aircraft types would then be retrofitted. A total of 2,102 seats would be installed. The new cabin features a 1-2-1 layout as opposed to the 2-3-2 layout found currently on the 777. The new 16-inch (41 cm) screen offers a unique onboard navigation experience similar to a tablet. With a completely redesigned user interface and available in 12 languages (French, English,Spanish, Brazilian Portuguese, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, German, Italian, Dutch, Russian and Arabic), choosing an entertainment program from over 1,000 hours of entertainment. The seat converts into a fully flat bed with 180 degrees recline, it features a touchscreen remote control, USB port, universal electrical outlet, new noise cancelling headphones, privacy screen, an Air France signature padded headboard, ample storage space, adjustable headrest, and a duvet with XXL feather down pillow.[117]

Premium EconomyEdit

Premium Economy, is Air France's premium economy product for long haul flights, which became available on the Boeing 777-200ER, 777-300ER, Airbus A340-300 and Airbus A330-200 in late 2009 and early 2010, and on the A380-800 in late 2010 and early 2011. It is a dedicated cabin section with a 2-4-2 (2-3-2 on the long haul Airbus fleet and 3-3-3 for Alize on the 777-300 serving Indian Ocean and Caribbean routes) configuration with 38″ pitch (36″ for long haul Alize seats), 123° reclining fixed shell seats, including an adjustable headrest, a 10.4″ touchscreen, personal reading lamp, universal power ports, and an adjustable leg rest (40% more space, compared to Voyageur seats; the seats are 20% wider and offer 20% more legroom). There are 38 seats on the Airbus A380, 32 on the Boeing 777-300ER, 24 on the Boeing 777-200 and 21 on the Airbus A340-300 & A330-200 (between the Business and Economy cabin; behind Business on the A380 upper deck).[118] Passengers receive double baggage allowance, priority airport services, lounge access, and extra frequent flier mileage. On board, business class amenities include Sennheiser noise-cancelling headphones, an amenity kit (featuring socks, eye mask, toothbrush & toothpaste, and earplugs), improved blankets, and an enhanced meal service with second hot meal, candies, and ice-cream all served with real glass and metal cutlery.[119] A new improved Premium Economy seat using the same shell will be introduced from June 2014 on the Boeing 777 aircraft, featuring better cushioning and improved foot rest, adding comfort to the passenger.[32]

EconomyEdit

 
Economy cabin on an Airbus A380

Economy, Air France's economy class long haul product, features seats that recline up to 118°. The current long-haul Economy seat, which debuted on the Boeing 777-300ER, includes winged headrests, a personal telephone, and a touchscreen TV monitor with AVOD Interactive Entertainment System which have been installed on all of Air France's long haul fleet. On long haul flights, a menu is presented with a choice of two meals. Short and medium haul Economy services are operated by Airbus A320 family aircraft with different seating arrangements. Air France is one of the few airlines who features winged headrests on short to medium haul aircraft in both classes. On short haul flights a snack is served, while on medium haul flights a three course cold meal is served. Free alcoholic beverages are available on all flights, including champagne{{Citation needed}}. On most aircraft, Air France offers extra legroom seats in economy called Seat Plus. These seats are located in the economy class exit rows and other rows depending on the plane, as well as the economy seats on the 747's upper deck, offering at least 4" more seat pitch(36" versus the usual 32" in standard economy seats), the 747's Seat Plus section also provides an extra half-inch of seat width. Seat Plus prices vary by flight time, but it is free to elites and passengers with a full fare economy ticket.

Air France has introduced a brand new economy long haul product which features a new slimline seat providing up to an inch more legroom, wider table, universal electrical sockets, retractable armrests, winged leather headrests, more storage space, high definition 10-inch screens featuring the latest in flight entertainment with a USB port, a headphones holder, and newly designed pillows featuring different patterns of the Air France logo. The seats would be installed along with the new La Première, Business, and Premium Economy seats from June 2014 till summer 2016 on the Boeing 777 aircraft, the core of the fleet. All other aircraft will be retrofitted except the Airbus A340-300 and Boeing 747-400 as they would be leaving the fleet soon.[120]

ServicesEdit

In-flight cateringEdit

 
Gourmet appetizer and seasonal salad in Business

For La Première, Air France's first class menu is designed by Guy Martin, chef of Le Grand Vefour, a Michelin three-star restaurant in Paris.[121] Menu items include hors d'oeuvres, entrées, bread basket, and cheeses, along with a dessert cart including pastries, petit fours, and tartlets.[122] On long-haul flights, Air France also serves complimentary champagne to passengers in all classes.[123]

In-flight entertainmentEdit

Air France offers Audio Video on Demand (AVOD) in all cabins on all long haul aircraft. The in flight entertainment system features multiple channels of video, audio, music, and games. Air France Magazine, the airline's in-flight publication, is included at each seat, and Air France Madame, a fashion luxury magazine with a feminine perspective, is included in La Première and Business cabins and lounges.[124] On all flights, all films may be watched in English, Spanish, and French. Selected films on all flights are also available in Chinese, Japanese, Hindi, and Korean. The airline offers Berlitz International language courses via the in-flight entertainment system.[125]

On 29 May 2013, KLM and Air France launched a pilot to test inflight Wi-Fi. Both airlines have equipped one Boeing 777-300ER of each of their fleets with Wi-Fi. Using the inflight Wi-Fi, passengers can stay online using their Wi-Fi enabled smartphones, laptops, or tablets. Wireless service will commence once the flight has reached 20,000 feet.[126]

Le SalonEdit

 
Air France Le Salon La Première

Air France lounges are known as Le Salon, and are open to La Première, Business, and Premium Economy passengers, as well as Flying Blue Gold, Flying Blue Platinum, SkyTeam Elite and Elite Plus members. Worldwide, there are 530 Air France and Skyteam lounges in 300 international airports on every continent except Antarctica.[127]

Flying BlueEdit

Flying Blue, the frequent flyer program of Air France-KLM, awards members points based on miles travelled and class of service. Membership into the program is free. The program is divided into standard (Ivory), Elite (Silver) and Elite Plus (Gold and Platinum) statuses. Ivory is the basic level which is attained upon entry into the program. Elite status is attained by accruing a certain number of miles within one calendar year. Elite Silver, Elite Plus Gold, and Elite Plus Platinum cards have added benefits. An invitation-only card called Club 2000 is attributed to some VIPs, celebrities and politicians.[128] Officially, it provides the same benefits as Platinum status but numerous sources confirm it almost guarantees upgrade to Business or La Première.[129] Flying Blue succeeded Air France's previous frequent flyer program, Fréquence Plus, which operated until the Air France-KLM merger in 2003.[130]

In popular cultureEdit

  • Air France is the official airline of the Cannes Film Festival.[131]
  • Air France "flight 273" is the plane that "Chat Noir" in "Magic Kaito 1412" episode 18: Golden Eye (Part 2): Kid vs Chat Noir Showdown, uses to escape.[132]

Anniversary jetEdit

On 14 November 2008, Air France released the first picture[133] of an Airbus A320 with registration F-GFKJ that has been repainted in the full 1946 paint scheme[134] to celebrate the airline's 75 years anniversary. This heritage aircraft was planned to fly under the special colours until early 2010.[135] The aircraft was officially withdrawn from use and scrapped at Phoenix Goodyear Airport in September 2013 [136]

Incidents and accidentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Board of directors : Air France – Corporate". Corporate.airfrance.com. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.airfranceklm.com/sites/default/files/communiques/fy_2016_press_release_en.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.airfranceklm.com/sites/default/files/communiques/consolidated_financial_statemetns_2016.12_english.pdf
  4. ^ Salpukas, Agis (27 December 1992). "Air France's Big Challenge". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 18 June 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2009. 
  5. ^ "Air France – Company Overview". Hoover's. 2009. Archived from the original on 27 April 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2009. 
  6. ^ Régional (Compagnie Aérienne Européenne), Company Profile Archived 19 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "For Air France: The Potez 62: Cruising Speed of 175 mph with Fourteen Passengers". Flight, 21 March 1935, p. 304.
  8. ^ "Ordonnance n°45-1403 du 26 juin 1945 portant nationalisation des transports aériens" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  9. ^ "Air France: History". Air France. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Air France (Airline, France)". Fotw.net. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  11. ^ Marson, Peter, "The Lockheed Constellation Series", Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd, 1982, ISBN 0-85130-100-2, pages 137–141
  12. ^ Aeroplane – Airline of the Month: UTA – Five-star independent, Vol. 109, No. 2798, p. 4, Temple Press, London, 3 June 1965
  13. ^ a b c "The Changing Nature of French Dirigisme" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  14. ^ Aeroplane – Airline of the Month: UTA – Five-star independent, Vol. 109, No. 2798, pp. 4–6, Temple Press, London, 3 June 1965
  15. ^ "Airliner Classic: Airbus A300 – the beginning for a giant: key.Aero, Commercial Aviation". Key.aero. Archived from the original on 28 April 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  16. ^ "Decades of safe flying come to an end". The Birmingham Post. Highbeam.com. 26 July 2000. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  17. ^ Richard Aplin; Joseph Montchamp (1 April 1999). A dictionary of contemporary France. Taylor & Francis. p. 453. ISBN 978-1-57958-115-2. Retrieved 4 August 2010. 
  18. ^ Rahn, Kim. "Air France Celebrates 25th Years in Korea." The Korea Times. 25 September 2008. Retrieved on 29 June 2010.
  19. ^ "Chargeurs International". Answers.com. Archived from the original on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  20. ^ "Evènements aéronautiques de l'année 1988". Aeroweb-fr.net. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  21. ^ "Pilot who found the right trajectory". Financial Times. 30 September 2007. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  22. ^ Leonhardt, David (31 August 1994). "Air France's New Adviser". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  23. ^ Statement from Air France Group Chairman regarding Stephen M. Wolf. Business Wire, 16 January 1996[dead link]
  24. ^ a b c d "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 27 March 2007. pp. 56–57. 
  25. ^ "AIR FRANCE – KLM Company Profile". Yahoo! Finance. Archived from the original on 28 August 2007. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  26. ^ a b "Air France and Delta target London". Financial Times. 17 October 2007. Archived from the original on 10 May 2008. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  27. ^ "Air France And Delta Set Transatlantic Venture". Airwise. 17 October 2007. Archived from the original on 16 May 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  28. ^ Engle, Jane. "Air France will refund or reroute LAX-Heathrow fliers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 9 May 2009. 
  29. ^ "Air France to cut 5,000 jobs by the end of 2013". BBC. 21 June 2012. 
  30. ^ "AIR FRANCE-KLM : les pilotes approuvent le plan Transform 2015" (in French). Capital.fr. 26 February 2014. Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  31. ^ N. Tchallabes (25 July 2012). "New chance for the successor of Air Afrique, Air Cemac". Volaspheric.blogspot.de. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  32. ^ a b "Air France unveils new economy and premium economy". Business Traveller. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  33. ^ Clark, Nicola (31 October 2013). "Air France-KLM Writes Off Alitalia Stake" – via NYTimes.com. 
  34. ^ "CityJet's disposal by Air France-KLM is under way, but what will happen after the Intro? | CAPA". Centre for Aviation. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  35. ^ Lazare, Lewis (3 December 2014). "PETA targeting Air France to stop shipping monkeys through O'Hare". Chicago Business Journal. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  36. ^ "Air France slammed for transporting lab monkeys". The Local FR. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  37. ^ Meikle, James (20 May 2014). "Jane Goodall and Peter Gabriel urge Air France to stop ferrying lab monkeys". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  38. ^ Tidy, Joe (5 May 2014). "Animal Testing Campaign Causing Industry Crisis". Sky News. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  39. ^ Rothman, Andrea (4 February 2014). "Air France Installs Business-Class Beds to Match Rivals". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  40. ^ "Air France to reap 339 million euros in cash from Amadeus shares" (Press release). Reuters. 10 September 2014. 
  41. ^ "Air France to cut 2,900 jobs reports say". 2 October 2015 – via www.bbc.com. 
  42. ^ aero.de – "Air France bids farewell to the Jumbo" (German) 8 December 2015
  43. ^ "Air France". Air France. Retrieved 10 January 2017. 
  44. ^ cnn.com online article dated July 28, 2017;"Four huge airlines on three continents are creating a virtual super-airline;"http://money.cnn.com/2017/07/27/news/companies/delta-airfrance-virgin-china-tie-up/index.html
  45. ^ "Head Office" Archived 10 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine., Air France. Retrieved on 9 February 2010.
  46. ^ "Plan interactif." Tremblay-en-France. Retrieved on 20 September 2009.
  47. ^ a b "AIR FRANCE HEAD QUARTERS – Roissypôle." Groupement d'Etudes et de Méthodes d'Ordonnancement (GEMO). Retrieved on 20 September 2009.
  48. ^ "Air France Archived 23 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.." Tremblay-en-France. Retrieved on 20 September 2009.
  49. ^ "Roissy Charles-de-Gaulle." Tremblay-en-France. Retrieved on 20 September 2009. "Roissypôle réunit dans un cadre architectural moderne des infrastructures indispensables aux entreprises pour lesquelles le contact avec l'international est une necessité quotidienne. La cité d'affaires desservie par le RER accueille le siège social d'Air-France, le Hilton aisni que les bureaux du Continental square et du dôme."
  50. ^ Hylton, Wil S. (4 May 2011). 5 "What Happened to Air France Flight 447?". The New York Times. Retrieved on 5 May 2011.
  51. ^ "Le futur siège d'Air France devrait coûter près de 700 millions[permanent dead link]." Les Échos. 27 March 1992. Page 12. Retrieved on 23 February 2010.
  52. ^ "Air France au bord des pistes." Le Journal du Net. Retrieved on 7 July 2010. "Depuis la fenêtre de son bureau, Jean-Cyril Spinetta peut voir les avions de sa compagnie décoller et attérir."
  53. ^ "The Air France Operations Control Centre (OCC) Archived 13 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine.." Air France. 9 September 2009. Retrieved on 10 April 2011.
  54. ^ "Fonctionnement du CCO Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.." Air France. 9 September 2009. Retrieved on 10 April 2011.
  55. ^ Mlekuz, Nathalie. "Air France vole vers ses avions, destination Roissy." Le Monde. 2 April 1997. Retrieved on 22 September 2009. "Situé pendant plus de trente ans dans une des tours au-dessus de la gare Montparnasse, le siège d'Air France se trouve désormais près de l'aéroport de Roissy."
  56. ^ "Deux offres pour l'achat du siège d'Air France[permanent dead link]." Les Échos. 25 September 1991. Page 12. Retrieved on 26 November 2009.
  57. ^ "Air France toujours à la recherche de capitaux frais[permanent dead link]." Les Échos. 20 January 1992. Page 12. Retrieved on 23 December 2009. "Air France a pu boucler son exercice 1991 en incorporant la dotation en capital de 2 milliards de francs consentie par l'Etat-actionnaire, 1,25 milliard apportés par la BNP contre des obligations remboursables en actions (ORA), ainsi que le produit de la vente de son siège à la MGEN (1,6 milliard)."
  58. ^ Chenay, Christophe de. "Une ville pousse entre les pistes de Roissy Il ne manquera que des logements pour faire de Roissypôle une véritable cité Mais le projet inquiète les communes environnantes." Le Monde. 13 September 1992. Retrieved on 20 January 2010. "Le transfert du siège d'Air France qui quittera le quartier Montparnasse en 1995 pour Roissypôle devrait donner une légitimité aux ambitions immobilières."
  59. ^ "Roissypôle ouvre ses portes[permanent dead link]." Les Échos. 1 October 1992. Page 23. Retrieved on 20 January 2010. "Et le goupe Air France va y installer son nouveau siège social sur 50.000 mètres carrés en 1995."
  60. ^ "Air France à Roissy: le décollage du siège social[permanent dead link]." Les Échos. 1 June 1995. Page 32. Retrieved on 22 September 2009. "au terme d'un transfert rigoureusement planifié par la vente de l'ancien siège de Montparnasse."
  61. ^ "Rapport final de la commission d'enquête sur l'accident survenu 29 août 1960 au large de Dakar." (Archive) Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile. 10 September 1963. p. 575. Retrieved on 28 January 2013. "Propriétaire : compagnie nationale Air France, 2, rue Marbeuf, à Paris (8e)"
  62. ^ "Air France in the United States Archived 6 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine.." Air France. 11 June 2007. 15 (15/16). Retrieved on 13 February 2010. "The Air France "United States" regional management is located in New York: 125 West 55th Street, New York, NY 10019 Tel: (212) 830–4000."
  63. ^ "Air France leases 29,500 sf at Avenue of the Americas Plaza Archived 19 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine.." Real Estate Weekly. 10 July 1991. Retrieved on 24 February 2011.
  64. ^ "AIR FRANCE and KLM celebrate official inauguration of new office in London." at the Wayback Machine (archived 27 February 2012) Air France. 6 July 2006. Retrieved on 13 February 2010. Archived from the original, 27 February 2012
  65. ^ Valode & Pistre – Projects -> Thematic -> Office -> Air France Cité PN (in English). Valode & Pistre. Retrieved on 28 June 2010.
  66. ^ "Nous Situer." Air France Vaccinations Centre. Retrieved on 5 May 2010.
  67. ^ "Vaccinations Centre Archived 6 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine.." Air France. Retrieved on 5 May 2010.
  68. ^ "La protection au quotidien." Air France Vaccinations Centre. Retrieved on 5 May 2010.
  69. ^ a b B. H. "Twingo travaillaient à la chaîne La station Simplon ne rouvrira qu'en novembre Le centre de vaccinations d'Air France déménage." Le Parisien. 10 August 2005. Retrieved on 5 May 2010. "Le centre de vaccinations internationales d'Air France quittera samedi le terminal de la compagnie aux Invalides (VII e ) pour emménager à deux pas, au... 148, rue de l'Université (Paris VII e )."
  70. ^ "Agences Air France Paris." Air France. Retrieved on 22 June 2010.
  71. ^ "Contact Us." Air France Museum. Retrieved on 22 June 2010.
  72. ^ "1959–2009 The 50th anniversary of the Air France ticket agency at Les Invalides Archived 28 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.." Air France. Thursday 27 August 2009. Retrieved on 22 June 2010.
  73. ^ "Subsidiaries covering the needs of the markets Archived 4 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine.." Air France. Retrieved on 21 June 2010.
  74. ^ "ISO Album" (PDF). quali-audit.aero. Retrieved 21 June 2010. [permanent dead link]
  75. ^ Airliner World (January 2007)
  76. ^ French plans for Taipei, South China Morning Post, 8 September 1993
  77. ^ FRANCE'S TAIWAN POLICY: A CASE OF SHOPKEEPER DIPLOMACY, Jean Pierre Cabestan, 2001
  78. ^ Air France, Veolia plan high-speed rail venture Reuters, 8 September 2008
  79. ^ "Air France's new livery retains much of current scheme". Flight International. Archived from the original on 12 February 2009. Retrieved 11 February 2009. 
  80. ^ ""Air France Music" takes off" (Press release). Air France. 16 March 2010. Archived from the original on 4 December 2010. Retrieved 3 August 2010. 
  81. ^ "Air France Bring A Bit of Parisian Flair To Our Screens". The Design Air. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  82. ^ "Air France presents new uniforms designed by Lacroix". USA Today. 4 April 2005. Retrieved 3 August 2010. 
  83. ^ "AVIATION: Pegasus a la Francaise". Time. 23 January 1956. Archived from the original on 9 July 2010. Retrieved 3 August 2010. 
  84. ^ "Air France's Hippocampe and BOAC's Speedbird: the semiotic status of logos". French Cultural Studies. Archived from the original on 22 January 2016. 
  85. ^ "Profile on Air France". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  86. ^ "Air France-KLM Signs Codeshare Agreement with Singapore Airlines and SilkAir". Air France KLM. 13 April 2017. 
  87. ^ "Singapore Airlines And SilkAir Sign Codeshare Agreement With Air France-KLM". www.singaporeair.com. [permanent dead link]
  88. ^ "Air France fleet". Retrieved 10 November 2017. 
  89. ^ "Air France fleet". Retrieved 10 November 2017. 
  90. ^ Airbus Commercial Aircraft (31 August 2017). "Orders and Deleveries". Toulouse: Airbus S.A.S. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  91. ^ Gubisch, Michael (6 January 2017). "KLM to introduce A350 in 2020". flightglobal.com. London, UK: Flight Global. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  92. ^ a b "Boeing delivers 777th 777 to Air France with new airline livery". timesofmalta.com. 14 April 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  93. ^ "Air France KLM announces the order of 110 Airbus A350 and Boeing 787 aircraft" (PDF) (Press release). Air France-KLM. 16 September 2011. 
  94. ^ 2016, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Air France plans 787-9 debut in Jan 2017". Retrieved 1 October 2016. 
  95. ^ "ASIATravelTips.com, 18 June 2001 – Air France confirms major A380 order". Sydney Morning Herald. Asiatraveltips.com. 18 June 2001. Archived from the original on 27 May 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  96. ^ a b c Jens Flottau (20 April 2017). "Air France Anticipates 2018 Narrowbody Aircraft Decision". Aviation Daily. Aviation Week. 
  97. ^ "Air France historic fleet at airfleets.ner. Retrieved 20 November 2009". Airfleets.net. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  98. ^ a b c "Photo ref B707". Airliners.net. 1 April 1969. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  99. ^ "Photo ref B727-200". Airliners.net. 28 July 1968. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  100. ^ a b "Photo ref 767-200". Airliners.net. 11 April 1992. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  101. ^ "Photo ref Breguet 763". Airliners.net. 8 October 2004. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  102. ^ "Photo ref DC-3". Airliners.net. 16 December 2006. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  103. ^ "Photo ref DC-4". Airliners.net. 4 April 2001. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  104. ^ "Photo ref DC-6". Airliners.net. 16 July 1994. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  105. ^ "Photo ref F27". Airliners.net. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  106. ^ "Photo ref L-749". Airliners.net. 18 December 2004. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  107. ^ "Photo ref L-1049G". Airliners.net. 30 October 1966. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  108. ^ "Photo ref L-1649". Airliners.net. 26 January 2001. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  109. ^ "Photo ref SE 161". Airliners.net. 7 April 1952. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  110. ^ "Photo ref Caravelle". Airliners.net. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  111. ^ "Photo ref Viscount 700". Airliners.net. 30 March 1968. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  112. ^ http://www.airliners.net, photos of Air France aircraft
  113. ^ http://airwaysnews.com/blog/2016/01/13/air-france-retires-747-whos-left-and-whos-next/
  114. ^ "Air France Accelerates Boeing 747 Retirement Schedule". Routes. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  115. ^ "Air France – Corporate : Livraison du nouveau Boeing 777 à Air France" (PDF). Air France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2011. 
  116. ^ "La Première – First Class – Comfort – Air France airline". Airfrance.co.uk. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  117. ^ "Air France unveils its new Business class seat: a cocoon in the sky : Air France – Corporate". Corporate.airfrance.com. 4 February 2014. Archived from the original on 1 March 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  118. ^ "Air France reçoit son 50e Boeing 777 et lance une Tempo premium". flying to New York, Tokyo, Singapore, Beirut, Beijing, Hong Kong and Osaka 
  119. ^ "Air France Premium Comfort". Airfrance.us. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  120. ^ "The new Economy seat, optimum comfort for all : Air France – Corporate". Corporate.airfrance.com. 25 September 2013. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  121. ^ "Forbes – First-Class Chefs Take Flight". Forbes. 26 October 2006. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  122. ^ Heger, Monica (6 November 2008). "There is such thing as a good airline meal". MSNBC. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  123. ^ "Source ? Seems incorrect". 
  124. ^ Ryan Rager. "Air France Madame". Echo-media.com. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  125. ^ "Air France KLM in Asia Pacific Archived 6 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine.." Air France-KLM. 27. Retrieved on 27 June 2010.
  126. ^ "Air France and KLM launch inflight Wi-Fi" (Press release). KLM. 29 May 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  127. ^ "lounges at the airport, conditions for admission to lounges". Air France. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  128. ^ "Les cartes dont raffolent les grands dirigeants : Club 2000 d'Air France" (in French). Journaldunet.com. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  129. ^ "Vols intercontinentaux, Choix des sièges et surclassement .. : Le café des hôtesses de l'air et stewards". Pnc-contact.com. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  130. ^ "Air France Flying Blue". Archived from the original on 23 February 2012. 
  131. ^ Air France Reaching for the Stars Archived 29 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  132. ^ "Golden Eye". detectiveconanworld.com. 
  133. ^ "Concours de photos d'avions, du 15 mai au 15 août 2009". Roissy, France: Air France. 15 May 2009. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  134. ^ "LE COURRIER AIR FRANCE PARTENAIRE DE L'ÎLE-DE-FRANCE JANVIER 2009" (PDF). Air France. 2009. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  135. ^ "Photo of F-GFKJ". Toulouse, France: Airliners.net. 20 November 2008. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  136. ^ Chroszcz, Paul (February 2011). "Photo of F-GFKJ" (Photo). Barcelona, Spain. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit