Japan Asia Airways
Japan Asia Airways, Co., Ltd. (日本アジア航空株式会社, Nihon Ajia Kōkū Kabushiki-gaisha) (JAA) was a subsidiary of Japan Airlines (JAL) which existed between 1975 and 2008. JAA was headquartered in the Japan Airlines Building in Shinagawa, Tokyo.
|Ceased operations||2008 (merged into Japan Airlines)|
|Focus cities||Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport|
Narita International Airport
Kansai International Airport
Chubu Centrair International Airport
|Alliance||Oneworld (as affiliate of Japan Airlines)|
|Parent company||Japan Airlines Corp.|
|Headquarters||Shinagawa, Tokyo, Japan|
Direct flights between Japan had been suspended since April 1975, following the signing of a civil air treaty with China. However, following negotiations between the Interchange Association, Japan and Taiwan's Association of East Asian Relations, JAA was created and direct flights to Taipei were resumed. JAA began flights to Taipei on September 15, 1975.
Following JAL's privatization, the new 2007 Japan-Taiwan air transport agreement led JAL to liquidate JAA as a cost-saving measure and to normalize Japan-Taiwan flight status. JAA flew its last flights on March 31, 2008, and all flights were operated by JAL from April 1, 2008.
Routes served by JAA before being folded into JAL:
- Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport -- Narita International Airport
- Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport -- Kansai International Airport
- Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport -- Chubu Centrair International Airport
- Kaohsiung International Airport -- Narita International Airport
The above routes were all taken over by JAL on April 1, 2008.
Historically, JAA even offered Taipei -- Okinawa, Taipei -- Hong Kong, and Taipei -- Manila routes under the Fifth Freedom traffic rights granted by Taiwan, as well as the connection flights between Taipei and Kaohsiung before the direct Narita—Kaohsiung route was inaugurated in August 2005. JAA was to date the only international carrier to be granted the right to fly in-island by the Civil Aeronautics Administration (Republic of China).
The Japan Asia Airways fleet consisted of the following aircraft before its integration to Japan Airlines:
- 3 Boeing 767-300 (JA8264, JA8976, JA8987)
- 2 Boeing 747-300 (JA8185, JA8189)
- 2 Boeing 747-100 (JA8116, JA8128)
- 1 Boeing 747-200 (JA8130)
- 1 McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62H (JA8052)
- 3 McDonnell Douglas DC-10-40 (JA8531, JA8532, JA8534)
Beginning in 2004, most JAA flights were operated with JAL Boeing 747-400 aircraft to meet market demand and to improve JAL fleet utilization. Previously, JAA operated Douglas DC-8-53/61, Boeing 747-100/200 and McDonnell Douglas DC-10-40 aircraft.
- The Far East and Australasia 2003, Psychology Press, 2002, page 644
- Air Pictorial, Volume 38, Air League of the British Empire, 1976, page 357
- Flights resumed, UPI, Beaver County Times, May 12, 1976, page 41
- Diplomatic Ambiguity Looms In Taiwan Links, New York Times News Service, The Times-News, December 21, 1978, page 12
- The Foreign Trade of China: Policy, Law, and Practice, Gene T. Hsiao, University of California Press, 1977, page 68
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 30, 1985. 88." Retrieved on June 17, 2009.
- History of JAL
- "JAL/JAA Taiwan flight number swaps". Routesonline. Retrieved 2018-06-14.
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