Vancouver International Airport

Vancouver International Airport (IATA: YVR, ICAO: CYVR) is an international airport[4] located on Sea Island in Richmond, British Columbia, serving the city of Vancouver and the Lower Mainland region. It is located 12 km (7.5 mi) from Downtown Vancouver. YVR is the second busiest airport in Canada by passenger traffic (24.9 million),[3] behind Toronto Pearson International Airport in Ontario. As a trans-Pacific hub,[5] the airport has more direct flights to China than any other airport in North America or Europe.[6] It is a hub for Air Canada and WestJet. Vancouver International Airport is one of eight Canadian airports that have US Border Pre-clearance facilities. It is also one of the few major international airports to have a terminal for scheduled float planes.

Vancouver International Airport

Aéroport international de Vancouver
Airport typePublic
OwnerTransport Canada
OperatorVancouver Airport Authority
ServesGreater Vancouver
LocationSea Island, Richmond, British Columbia, Canada
OpenedJuly 22, 1931; 92 years ago (1931-07-22)
Hub for
Focus city for
Operating base for
Time zonePST (UTC−08:00)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC−07:00)
Elevation AMSL13 ft / 4 m
Coordinates49°11′41″N 123°11′02″W / 49.19472°N 123.18389°W / 49.19472; -123.18389
Public transit access YVR–Airport station
Direction Length Surface
ft m
08L/26R 9,941 3,030 Concrete
08R/26L 10,803 3,293 Asphalt/concrete
13/31 7,300 2,225 Asphalt/concrete
Number Length Surface
ft m
A 110 34 Turf
B 79 24 Asphalt
C 108 33 Concrete/asphalt
Statistics (2023)
Aircraft movements284,404
Number of passengers24,938,184
[citation needed] Sources: Canada Flight Supplement[1]
Environment Canada[2]
Passenger traffic and movements from[3]

The airport has won several notable international best airport awards. It won the Skytrax Best North American Airport award in 2007 and 2010 through 2022, for a record of 12 consecutive years.[7] The airport also made the top 10 list of airports in the world for the first time in 2012, rated at 9th (2012), 8th (2013), and 9th (2014) overall.[8] It is the only North American airport included in the top 10 for 2013 and 2014.[8][9][10][11] YVR also retains the distinction of Best Canadian Airport in the regional results.[12]

Vancouver International is managed by Vancouver Airport Authority, a non-profit organization.[13]

YVR covers a total expanse of about 1,340 hectares (3,311 acres) of airport property.[14]

History edit

The airport & surrounding area in 1940

In 1929, the City of Vancouver purchased land located on Sea Island to be used for aviation purposes, replacing the original grass airstrip at Minoru Park on Lulu Island. During World War II, the airport and its original terminal, now the South Terminal, were leased to the federal government and operated by the Department of National Defence and the Department of Transport as RCAF Station Sea Island. The airport was used for the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. The crews and their families were housed in a new town-site on the island, named Burkeville, after Boeing president Stanley Burke. Funds from the lease were used to purchase additional land for new hangars and a production plant for Boeing Aircraft of Canada[15] (now Boeing Canada).

The present main terminal was completed in 1968 and has since been expanded to include separate domestic and international terminals. A north runway was completed in 1996.[16]

A United States border pre-clearance facility was created in the 1970s, and as of 2024 has the largest operating hours of any US pre-clearance facility, operating from 4:30 AM to midnight the next day.[17]

In 2011, the airport announced that it would enact a program aiming to encourage airlines to start more flights between Vancouver and Asia.[18] As of 2022, the program has succeeded in many of its goals.

The airport has often been described as a major trans-Pacific hub, due to its location in the Pacific Northwest and destinations in the Americas, Asia, and Australia, which help facilitate connecting flights. In 2019, Craig Richmond, then President and CEO of the Vancouver Airport Authority, said that the recent growth of Seattle–Tacoma International Airport in the United States could challenge Vancouver's status as a trans-Pacific hub, although Seattle–Tacoma is already the larger airport.[5]

Terminals edit

Vancouver International Airport has two terminals: the Main Terminal and the South Terminal. The Main Terminal contains Domestic and International concourses. Free internet access is available in all sections of the airport. Throughout the airport, there is trilingual English, French, and Chinese signage.[19] The South Terminal, along with the adjacent floatplane docks, is referred to by airport management as "Airport South".[citation needed]

Domestic Concourse edit

Air Canada domestic check-in facilities at the Domestic Terminal

The Domestic section of the terminal was constructed in 1968 by the Vancouver-based firm Thompson, Berwick and Pratt[20] and was given a top-to-bottom renovation in 2005 by Vancouver architect Kasian Kennedy.[21] The Domestic area consists of three piers (A-C).

Pier A edit

Pier A consists of 6 gates: A6 through A10 and A12. These gates are ground loading ramps used by WestJet Encore.[citation needed]

Pier B edit

Pier B consists of 15 gates: gates B13 through B27. Gates B14 to B17 can receive international and US arrivals. Gate B23 to B25 are ground loading ramps. Pier B is the hub for domestic flights for WestJet, and additionally serves domestic flights by Air North, Air Transat, Flair Airlines and Porter Airlines.[citation needed]

Pier C edit

Pier C consists of 24 gates: C29 through C52. This is the hub for Air Canada and Air Canada Express domestic flights. Gates C48 to C52 are swing gates, which can be used for international departures (designated as D48 to D52) as well as international and US arrivals.

International & U.S. Concourse edit

International departure hall
International arrivals hall

The International concourse was designed by Vancouver-based Architectura, now Stantec,[22] with Kansas City–based HNTB Corporation (1994–1996).[20] It was expanded to the west between 2017 and 2021 to allow for more gates and more remote stand operations.[23] YVR is one of eight Canadian airports with United States border preclearance facilities, which are situated in this section of the terminal. All international concourse gates can accept flights arriving from international and U.S. origins; passengers are directed onto overhead walkways which lead to the Canada Border Services Agency screening area.

Pier D (International Pier) edit

Exterior of airport (International Concourse)

Pier D consists of 31 gates: D48 to D78, of which 7 (D56, D57, D59, D60, D61, D63, and D65) are bus gates for remote stands.[24] All international-bound flights, excluding those to the United States, depart from D gates. All gates can handle wide-body aircraft; 11 gates are fitted with 2 jet bridges, and four of these gates can handle the Airbus A380, a service of which was seasonally operated to Vancouver by British Airways until September 26, 2022. Gates D48 to D52 are swing gates which can be used for domestic departures (designated C48 to C52), and gates D71 through D78 are swing gates which can be used for United States border preclearance flights (designated E71 through E78).

A SkyTeam airport lounge[25] operated by Global Lounge Network[26] is located near gate D53 and the Air Canada Maple Leaf Lounge is at Gate D52.

Pier E (U.S. Pier) edit

Corridor to the boarding gates after the US border clearance, with signs in English, French and Chinese

Preclearance was added to the airport in the 1970s.[17]

Pier E is the US border preclearance area and consists of 25 gates: E71 to E88 and E90 to E96. Gates E71 to E78 are swing gates which can be used switched to international departures (as gates D71 to D78) as needed. Gate E84 is a bus gate for remote stands. Gates E90-E96 are located in a smaller satellite building connected via a ground-level walkway. Gate E95 accesses ground-loading stands 95A and 95B.

Flights from an international origin continuing on to the US after a stopover in Vancouver (none of which currently operate) do not use the preclearance facility and must use D gates.[citation needed]

Airport South edit

Floatplanes at Vancouver International Water Airport

The Airport South complex includes the South Terminal, the Floatplane Facility, and other adjacent operations.

South Terminal edit

The South Terminal, a portion of the original pre-1968 terminal which is still in use, also houses the corporate headquarters and main base of Pacific Coastal Airlines[27] and Harbour Air.[28]

The South Terminal serves regional airlines which fly mostly within British Columbia, such as Pacific Coastal Airlines and Central Mountain Air, in addition to chartered flights.[29] A nearby building serves as the YVR terminal for Helijet.[30]

Floatplane facility edit

The Vancouver International Water Airport (TC LID: CAM9) is located on Inglis Drive, a short distance from the South Terminal. This facility allows floatplanes to land and dock on the South Arm of the Fraser River. The facility is served by all floatplane operators other than Harbour Air, which maintains a separate dock and terminal at the Flying Beaver Bar and Grill nearby.[31]

Airlines and destinations edit

Passenger edit

Aeroméxico Mexico City [32]
Air Canada Brisbane, Calgary, Cancún, Chicago–O'Hare, Denver,[33] Edmonton, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Las Vegas, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Mexico City, Miami, Montréal–Trudeau, Newark, Orange County, Ottawa, Puerto Vallarta, San Francisco, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore,[34] Sydney, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Anchorage, Auckland, Austin, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Dubai–International,[35] Dublin, Frankfurt, Halifax, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Kelowna, Osaka–Kansai,[36] Palm Springs, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Québec City,[37] San José del Cabo, Washington–Dulles
Air Canada Express Castlegar, Comox, Cranbrook, Fort St. John, Kamloops, Kelowna, Nanaimo, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Prince George, Prince Rupert, Regina, Sacramento, San Diego, Sandspit, Saskatoon, Seattle/Tacoma, Smithers, Terrace/Kitimat, Victoria, Whitehorse, Yellowknife[33]
Seasonal: Calgary, Edmonton
Air China Beijing–Capital1 [39]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle [40]
Air India Delhi [41]
Air New Zealand Auckland [42]
Air North Kelowna, Victoria, Whitehorse
Seasonal: Yellowknife[43]
Alaska Airlines Portland (OR) (ends October 1, 2024),[45][46] Seattle/Tacoma [47]
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda [48]
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth
Seasonal: Charlotte (begins June 5, 2024),[49] Chicago–O'Hare, Los Angeles
American Eagle Seasonal: Los Angeles [50]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Seasonal: London–Gatwick[51]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong [53]
Central Mountain Air Campbell River, Kelowna, Quesnel, Smithers, Williams Lake [54]
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan [55]
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt [56]
Corilair Seasonal: Campbell River [57]
Delta Air Lines Minneapolis/St. Paul [58]
Delta Connection Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma [58]
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich [59]
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan [60]
Fiji Airways Nadi [61]
Flair Airlines Calgary, Edmonton, Guadalajara (begins May 31, 2024),[62] Kelowna,[63] Kitchener/Waterloo, Las Vegas,[64] London (ON),[65] Los Angeles, Montréal–Trudeau, Puerto Vallarta, San Francisco,[63] Toronto–Pearson, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Cancún,[66] Palm Springs, Phoenix–Sky Harbor,[67] San José del Cabo, Saskatoon
Gulf Island Seaplanes Gabriola Island/Silva Bay [70]
Hainan Airlines Shenzhen[71] [72]
Harbour Air Seaplanes Bedwell Harbour, Comox Harbour,[73] Ganges Harbour, Miners Bay, Nanaimo Harbour, Sechelt, Tofino, Victoria Airport, Victoria Harbour, Whistler/Green Lake [74]
Helijet Nanaimo Harbour, Vancouver Harbour, Victoria Harbour [75]
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík [76]
Iskwew Air Qualicum Beach [77]
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita [78]
JetBlue New York–JFK
Seasonal: Boston[79]
KLM Amsterdam [81]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon [82]
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Seasonal: Munich
North Cariboo Air Charter: Calgary, Edmonton, Kelowna, Nanaimo, Kamloops, Prince George [84]
Pacific Coastal Airlines Anahim Lake, Bella Bella, Bella Coola, Campbell River, Comox, Masset, Nanaimo,[85] Penticton, Port Hardy, Powell River, Prince George, Tofino, Trail, Victoria, Williams Lake
Charter: Terrace/Kitimat
Pacific Seaplanes Bamfield, Galiano Island, Miners Bay, Port Alberni, Port Washington, Thetis Island, Ucluelet [87]
Philippine Airlines Manila [88]
Porter Airlines Montréal–Trudeau,[89] Ottawa,[90] Toronto–Pearson [91]
Qantas Sydney [92]
Salt Spring Air Ganges Harbour, Victoria Airport [93]
Seair Seaplanes Bedwell Harbour, Ganges Harbour, Miners Bay, Montague Harbour, Nanaimo Harbour, Port Washington [94]
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu–Tianfu[95] [96]
Sun Country Airlines Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul [97]
Sunshine Coast Air Nanaimo Harbour, Sechelt [98]
Summit Air Charter: Kelowna, Prince George, Edmonton, Calgary, Yellowknife [99]
Sunwing Airlines Cancún, Puerto Vallarta
Seasonal: Mazatlán, Punta Cana, San José del Cabo, Varadero
Tofino Air Charter: Tofino [101]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul [102]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, San Francisco
Seasonal: Newark, Washington–Dulles[103]
United Express Seasonal: San Francisco [104]
WestJet Atlanta, Calgary, Cancún, Edmonton, Honolulu, Kahului, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Orange County, Orlando, Palm Springs, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Puerto Vallarta, Regina, San José del Cabo, Saskatoon, Toronto–Pearson, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Detroit,[105] Fort Lauderdale (begins November 3, 2024),[106] Halifax, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo,[107] Kailua-Kona, Lihue, Mazatlán, Montréal–Trudeau, Nashville, Ottawa, San Diego, San Francisco
WestJet Encore Comox (begins October 27, 2024),[109] Cranbrook (begins October 27, 2024),[109] Fort St. John, Kamloops (begins October 27, 2024),[109] Kelowna, Nanaimo (begins October 27, 2024),[109] Prince George, Terrace/Kitimat, Victoria [108]
WestJet Link Comox, Cranbrook, Kamloops, Nanaimo (all end October 26, 2024)[109] [108]
XiamenAir Xiamen [110]
Zipair Tokyo Tokyo–Narita [111]

^1 Air China's flight from Vancouver to Beijing–Capital has a technical stop in Shenyang. However, Air China does not sell tickets solely from Vancouver to Shenyang.

Cargo edit

Aerial shot showing Georgia Strait near the airport.
Cargojet Calgary, Cincinnati, Edmonton, Hamilton, Montreal–Mirabel, Tokyo–Narita, Victoria, Winnipeg
Carson Air[112] Calgary, Kamloops, Kelowna
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
China Southern Cargo[113] Qingdao, Toronto–Pearson
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, Los Angeles, Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma
FedEx Express Memphis
FedEx Feeder Calgary, Edmonton, Oakland, Spokane, Toronto–Pearson, Victoria, Winnipeg
KF Cargo Kamloops, Kelowna, Prince George, Victoria
Korean Air Cargo Guadalajara, Seoul–Incheon
SkyLink Express Abbotsford, Kamloops, Kelowna, Nanaimo, Prince George, Seattle–Boeing, Victoria
UPS Airlines Abbotsford, Louisville, Portland (OR), Seattle–Boeing
WestJet Cargo Calgary, Los Angeles, Toronto–Pearson

Statistics edit

Vancouver International has seen a steady increase in passenger volumes from 2010 to 2019. Between 2020 and 2021, patronage dropped significantly due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The airport has seen a steady recovery of passengers, however; the patronage in 2022 was about 72% of the patronage in 2019.

Annual traffic edit

Annual passenger traffic at YVR airport. See Wikidata query.
  1. ^ a b Statistics reflect a large reduction in the amount of travellers due to the COVID-19 pandemic since March 2020.

Ground transportation edit

Rapid transit (SkyTrain) edit

SkyTrain's Canada Line

The airport has a station on the SkyTrain network called YVR–Airport, the terminus of the Sea Island branch of the Canada Line. The airport authority contributed $300 million towards construction as part of the Canada Line's funding.[115] A pedestrian footbridge ($117 million, completed in 2007) links the international terminal with the domestic terminal and serves as the arrival and departure area for users of the Canada Line.[116] The Canada Line itself opened in August 2009 as the third line of Vancouver's rapid transit network, in advance of the 2010 Winter Olympics which took place the following February.[117] It was the only airport rail link service of any kind in Canada until the opening of Toronto's Union Pearson Express in 2015.

Bus edit

When Canada Line service is interrupted, such as overnight or other service disruptions, the N10 night bus operated by Coast Mountain Bus Company (under contract to TransLink) connects the airport's international and domestic terminals to Richmond and downtown Vancouver. The airport's south terminal is served by the 412 bus, which connects to the Canada Line at Bridgeport Station.[118] Between 2001 and the Canada Line's opening in 2009, regular bus service was provided by TransLink route 424.

Coach to Whistler, Squamish, and Victoria edit

YVR Skylynx[119] is an official partner of YVR Vancouver Airport.

YVR Skylynx buses to Whistler run directly from YVR Vancouver Airport and Vancouver City Centre to Squamish, Creekside Village, and Whistler using up to 16 services a day. YVR Skylynx also operates daily services to Victoria from YVR Vancouver Airport via BC Ferries Tsawwassen to Swartz Bay route.

Expansion edit

South runway at YVR in 2017 showing the lengthened runway.

In preparation for the Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympic Games, YVR completed a $1.4-billion multi-year capital development plan, which included a four-gate expansion to the International Terminal Wing, completed in June 2007.[citation needed] Two of the four new gates are conventional wide-bodied gates and two can accommodate the Airbus A380. The international terminal addition includes interior design elements intended to represent British Columbia, including a stream in a pathway and fish and jellyfish tanks.

A five-gate expansion was completed in 2009 for Domestic Terminal's C-Pier. Food and retail expansions were also completed for the C Pier at this time. The train that links downtown Vancouver, YVR, and central Richmond opened in August 2009.

Vancouver International Airport Authority has developed a 2017–2037 Master Plan, named Flight Plan 2037 which includes 75 projects at a projected cost of $5.6 billion. The plan allows for the airport to serve 35 million passengers by 2037. The plan is calling for the expansion of facilities around the existing large terminal. New piers and gates are to be added, as well as a second parking garage and taxiways. It is also planned to improve vehicle access. Eight gates were added to the international terminal in the first phase which was completed in February 2021.[120] Final approval of the plan by the Ministry of Transport is needed.[121]

Distinctives edit

Architecture edit

Indoor stream and shops inside the restricted zone
Bill Reid's The Jade Canoe
Graham Clarke atrium
International arrivals lobby on Level 2
Aquarium at YVR

YVR's interior has a uniquely British Columbian theme, featuring an extensive collection of Pacific Northwest Coast Native art, and blues and greens to reflect the colours of the land, sea, and sky. This theme was designed by Vancouver-based firm Architectura. The airport uses a great deal of carpet and vast expanses of glass to let in large amounts of natural light. One of the most noticeable places for an arriving passenger is the international arrivals hall, a large area where customs and immigration procedures are completed. Arriving passengers come down escalators leading to a platform across a large waterfall.

In 2020, the expansion of International Pier D was completed with a glassed-in island forest with access to the outdoors and an immersive digital experience that explores the rugged British Columbia Coast.[122]

Pier D expansion with glassed-in island forest completed in 2020.

Art edit

The YVR aboriginal art collection includes wooden sculptures and totem poles. Bill Reid's sculpture in bronze, "The Spirit of Haida Gwaii, The Jade Canoe", is displayed in the international departures area. This is the second of two castings of this sculpture; the first casting, "The Spirit of Haida Gwaii, The Black Canoe", is now displayed outside the Canadian Embassy in Washington, D.C.[123] The Pacific Passage area includes artwork by Stan Wamiss and Connie Watts.[124] The Institute for Stained Glass in Canada has documented the stained glass at Vancouver International Airport.[125]

Accessibility edit

Since 1992, Vancouver Airport Authority has been working with an independent accessibility consultant to eliminate the physical barriers in the built environment and is "committed to providing fully accessible terminal facilities for people of all backgrounds and capabilities".[126]

In 2004, the airport received the Rick Hansen Accessibility Award, which recognizes "facilities and communities that improve the quality of life for people with mobility limitations".[127]

Designated short-term parking spaces and curb-side ramps are available on each level of the terminal building for vehicles displaying a valid SPARC permit. Accessible counters with toe clearance for wheelchair users are also available at the check-in, customer care, and retail area in Vancouver Airport. Bathrooms have also been designed to be wheelchair-accessible with doorless and no-touch entry features, lowered sinks, and hands-free bathroom dispensers. Grab bars and emergency call buttons are also present in all wheelchair-accessible toilet stalls.[128]

Low resistance carpeting and other materials such as laminate flooring have been utilized throughout the airport to make it easier for people using wheelchairs and walkers to move throughout the airport. Elevators are large and allow for easy turning in a wheelchair and special wheelchairs designed to fit down aircraft aisles are utilized to assist with boarding and de-planing. Wheelchair lifts have been installed at aircraft gates.[126]

"Visual pagers" are dedicated video monitors that are located throughout the airport and convey important information to travelers who have hearing impairments.

Various types of flooring are utilized throughout the terminal and function as a textured guide to assist travelers in identifying their location within the airport. In areas with tile, patterns in the tile help to identify exits. Tactile maps are also available at customer service counters throughout the airport, and braille and tactile lettering are used throughout the airport to indicate building features such as washrooms.[128]

Green Coat Ambassadors edit

Vancouver Airport Authority was one of the first airports in North America to institute a volunteer program in 1989.[129] Volunteers in a green vest/jacket are deployed around the airport to provide information, customer service and be the 'eyes and ears' for the various partners in the airport community between the hours of 6 am to 10 pm every day.[130] Volunteers are given basic training in airport operations and undertake many of the similar trainings mandated to airport employees. Each volunteer is required to obtain a Transportation Security Clearance and Restricted Area Identification Card to access the restricted and sterile areas of the terminal.

YVR Sustainability edit

Operation Yellow Ribbon edit

Following the September 11 attacks, the airspace over the United States was shut down. Aircraft over the North Atlantic and Pacific bound for the United States were therefore diverted to Canadian airports. Vancouver International Airport accommodated 34 of these flights (3rd highest after Halifax and Gander) amounting to a total of 8,500 passengers.

The airport won the 2001 Airport Management Award from the B.C. Aviation Council[131] and was cited for overcoming many challenges in a professional and compassionate way.[132]

Emergency Services edit

Vancouver International Airport Emergency Services Team is the primary fire services at the airport. The airport fire station has 4 tenders that are owned by the Vancouver Airport Authority. Richmond Fire has additional resources when required from Richmond Fire Hall #4 (Sea Island) at 3900 Russ Baker Way, as well as the Canadian Coast Guard.

Policing at the airport is provided by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Richmond detachment. Airport emergency health services are provided by the British Columbia Ambulance Service, with Station 270 providing a dedicated bike squad for rapid EMS response to passengers and staff. In addition, BCAS air ambulance Station 280 is located near the YVR South Terminal, providing air ambulance service with two Sikorsky S-76 helicopters, two Beechcraft Super King Air turboprop aircraft, and one Cessna Citation Bravo jet.

Accidents and incidents edit

  • On February 7, 1968, a Canadian Pacific Airlines Boeing 707 overran a runway and hit two buildings, vehicles, and parked aircraft while landing in heavy fog, killing one crew member and one person on the ground.[133]
  • On March 1, 1970, Vickers Viscount CF-THY of Air Canada collided in mid-air with an Ercoupe 415 CF-SHN on approach to Vancouver International Airport. The Ercoupe pilot was killed.[134]
  • On June 23, 1985, two pieces of unauthorized luggage containing bombs were checked in at the airport and loaded onto Canadian Pacific Airlines Flight 60 to Toronto and Canadian Pacific Airlines Flight 3 to Tokyo respectively. Upon exploding, the former killed all 329 on board Air India Flight 182, and the latter, intended for Air India Flight 301, exploded at Tokyo Narita International Airport, killing two baggage handlers.
  • On August 19, 1995, Douglas C-47B (DC-3) C-GZOF of Air North crashed during an emergency return to the airport, killing one of the three crew. The aircraft was on a ferry flight to Prince Rupert Airport when the starboard propeller went into overspeed and the decision was made to return to Vancouver International.[135]
  • On October 19, 1995, a Canadian Airlines McDonnell Douglas DC-10 aborted takeoff on runway 26 (now 26L) two seconds after the V1 call. The aircraft ended up in the soft ground west of the end of runway, causing the failure of the nose gear. All 243 passengers and 14 crew escaped with no more than minor injuries.[136]
  • During the September 11 attacks, an Air China Boeing 747 from Beijing to San Francisco, was escorted by two U.S. F-15s onto the airport's north runway during Operation Yellow Ribbon, apparently following a communication problem.
  • On October 14, 2007, a Polish immigrant, Robert Dziekanski, died after being shot with a taser by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police at the airport. Dziekański, who did not speak English, became agitated after waiting approximately 10 hours at the arrivals hall because he could not find his mother. While police were attempting to take Dziekanski into custody he was tased by officers and subsequently died. The subsequent Braidwood Inquiry began in May 2008. In June 2010, the judge found that the use of the taser was not justified. The RCMP issued an apology to Dziekanski's mother. The commission also found that tasers have the capability to injure or kill by causing heart irregularities, especially where the individual is medically or emotionally compromised.[137]
  • On October 19, 2007, at approximately 4:10 pm, a Piper Seneca bound for Pitt Meadows Airport took off from YVR and crashed into a nearby apartment building in Richmond. The pilot was the sole occupant of the plane. He was killed in the crash. Two others were injured, both of whom were in the apartment building at the time.
  • On September 18, 2008, in the afternoon, an Air Canada Airbus A340 collided with an Air Canada Jazz Dash 8 aircraft. The Jazz flight was taxiing on the runway when it collided. The Air Canada flight was bound for Hong Kong. Both aircraft received damage but there were no injuries or fatalities.
  • On July 9, 2009, at approximately 10:08 pm, a Piper Navajo airplane originating from Victoria crashed into an industrial area in Richmond, British Columbia. The two pilots were killed. It was owned and operated by Canadian Air Charters and was carrying units of blood for Canadian Blood Services at the time. Officials say that wake turbulence was the main cause of the crash. Fatigue, along with diminished depth perception in darkness, was also a factor.[138]
  • On October 27, 2011, a Northern Thunderbird Air Beechcraft King Air 100 attempted to land on the south runway but missed by about 900 metres (3,000 ft), hitting a lamppost and a car, then crashing on the nearby intersection on Russ Baker Way and Gilbert Road at the west end of the Dinsmore Bridge. There were seven passengers and two crew members on board; only the pilot was confirmed dead at 9:00 pm that evening, while the others survived with various injuries. Two on the ground were also injured.[139] On November 16, 2011, the co-pilot of the flight died in hospital.[140]
  • On May 9, 2021, a 28-year-old man was fatally shot outside the international terminal.[141] The Integrated Homicide Investigation Team said the shooting was targeted and linked to ongoing Lower Mainland gang conflict in Metro Vancouver. Richmond RCMP pursued a suspect vehicle from the terminal to Lulu Island, where the suspects reportedly shot at police. The vehicle was later found burned-out in Surrey.

Nearby major airports edit

 SEA (205 km (127 mi))
 PDX (403 km (250 mi))
 YYC (688 km (428 mi))
 YEG (811 km (504 mi))
 YYJ (63 km (39 mi))
 YLW (288 km (179 mi))
 YXS (523 km (325 mi))

References edit

Citations edit

  1. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 16 July 2020 to 0901Z 10 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Synoptic/Metstat Station Information". Environment Canada. Archived from the original on June 27, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "YVR Traffic Update December 2023" (PDF). Retrieved February 12, 2024.
  4. ^ "Advisory Circular (AC) No. 302-032 Subject: Designation of international airports in Canada" (PDF). Transport Canada.
  5. ^ a b Chan, Kenneth (May 10, 2019). "Seattle is Vancouver's greatest threat to Trans-Pacific airport hub supremacy: YVR CEO". Daily Hive. Archived from the original on May 15, 2019. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  6. ^ Slutsken, Howard. "How Vancouver became China's aviation hub to the West". CNN Travel. Retrieved September 26, 2019.
  7. ^ "Vancouver International Airport named North America's best airport for 10th consecutive year". Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  8. ^ a b YVR Media Relations (April 10, 2013). "Vancouver International Airport named Best Airport in North America". Archived from the original on May 5, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  9. ^ "2010 Regional Airport Awards". Skytrax. 2010. Archived from the original on November 29, 2010. Retrieved March 25, 2010.
  10. ^ "2007 Regional Airport Awards". Skytrax. 2007. Archived from the original on August 11, 2007. Retrieved August 26, 2007.
  11. ^ Campbell, Alan (April 23, 2012). "YVR wins best airport award again". The Vancouver Sun. Archived from the original on July 31, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2012.
  12. ^ "2006 Airport of the Year: Results". Skytrax. 2007. Archived from the original on March 18, 2007. Retrieved April 4, 2007.
  13. ^ "YVR Leadership". Archived from the original on March 2, 2016. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  14. ^ "YVR Airport Master Plan". Retrieved November 1, 2023.
  15. ^ "YVR > About Us > History". Archived from the original on March 14, 2016. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  16. ^ "YVR – Vancouver International Airport -History". Simon Fraser University. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  17. ^ a b "Preclearance | U.S. Customs and Border Protection". Retrieved January 31, 2024.
  18. ^ Hume, Mark (January 25, 2012). "Vancouver airport launches plan to lure Asia-Pacific traffic". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
  19. ^, Thompson Rivers University. "Arriving at Vancouver Airport". Thompson Rivers University. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  20. ^ a b Kalman, Harold D. (March 4, 2015). "Airport Architecture". The Canadian Encyclopedia (online ed.). Historica Canada.
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