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Brisbane Airport (IATA: BNE, ICAO: YBBN) is the primary international airport serving Brisbane and South East Queensland. The airport services 31 airlines flying to 50 domestic and 29 international destinations, in total amounting in more than 22.7 million passengers who travelled through the airport in 2016. In 2016, an OAG report named Brisbane airport as the fifth-best performing large-sized airport in the world for on-time performance with 86.71% of arrivals and departures occurring within 15 minutes of their scheduled times,[6] slipping from 88.31% the year before.[7]

Brisbane Airport
Brisbane Airport logo.svg
Brisbane aerial view 05.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Leased Commonwealth Airport
Operator Brisbane Airport Corporation Pty Limited
Serves Brisbane
Location Brisbane Airport, Queensland, Australia
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 1 ft / 0 m
Coordinates 27°23′00″S 153°07′06″E / 27.38333°S 153.11833°E / -27.38333; 153.11833Coordinates: 27°23′00″S 153°07′06″E / 27.38333°S 153.11833°E / -27.38333; 153.11833
Website bne.com.au
Map
BNE is located in Queensland
BNE
BNE
BNE is located in Australia
BNE
BNE
BNE is located in Oceania
BNE
BNE
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01L/19R 3,300 10,827 Under Construction
01R/19L 3,560 11,680 Asphalt
14/32 1,700 5,577 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 23,205,702[1]
Aircraft movements (2015-16) 192,917[1]
Economic impact (2012) $7.3 billion[2]
Social impact (2012) 50.7 thousand[2]

Brisbane Airport is a major hub for Virgin Australia, and a secondary hub for both Qantas and its low cost subsidiary Jetstar. Tigerair Australia also opened a base[8] at Brisbane Airport on 11 March 2014. Brisbane has the third highest number of domestic connections in Australia following Sydney and Melbourne. It is also home to Qantas' A330 and B737 heavy maintenance facilities.[9][10] Virgin Australia has a smaller maintenance facility at the Airport, where line-maintenance on the Airline's 737 fleet is performed.[11] Other airlines, namely QantasLink, and Alliance Airlines also conduct maintenance at their respective facilities at the Airport.[12][13] The airport has international and domestic passenger terminals, a cargo terminal, a general aviation terminal and apron as well as two runways. JETGO Australia also operated from Brisbane Airport until its demise in 2018.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Charles Kingsford Smith and Charles Ulm, first trans-Pacific flight, June 1928
 
The Kingsford Smith Memorial, housing the Southern Cross

Eagle Farm AirportEdit

Brisbane's first airport was Eagle Farm Airport that was built in 1925 on former agricultural land in the suburb of Eagle Farm located 6 km (3.7 mi) north-east of Brisbane or 5 km (3.1 mi) south-west of Brisbane Airport's Domestic Terminal.[14] Although Qantas started operations there in 1926, most of the flights in Brisbane operated at the Archerfield Airport, which contained a superior landing surface. While in operation, Charles Kingsford Smith landed at Eagle Farm on 9 June 1928, after completing the first trans-pacific flight in his Fokker F.VII, the Southern Cross.[15] There is now a museum containing the original aircraft, along with a memorial located within the Brisbane Airport precinct.

During the Second World War, Brisbane was the headquarters of the Supreme Commander of Allied forces in the South West Pacific Area, General Douglas MacArthur. The United States armed forces upgraded the airfield (Eagle Farm Airport) to cater for military flights, bringing it to such a standard that it became the main civilian airport for the city.[14]

By the 1960s it was clear that the facilities at Eagle Farm Airport were inadequate for a city of Brisbane's size and anticipated growth. Many long-haul international services to Asia were required to make an en route stop (i.e. Darwin), disadvantaging the city to lure prospective carriers and business opportunities.[citation needed]

Some of the infrastructure at Eagle Farm airport was incorporated into today's Brisbane airport. For example, the north-east end of the main runway survives as taxiway Papa of the present airport, while the Eagle Farm international terminal is now the Brisbane Airport cargo terminal.

1988 OpeningEdit

The Federal Government announced the construction of Brisbane Airport to be built immediately north east of Eagle Farm Airport. The new airport was built by Leighton Holdings and opened in 1988 with a new domestic terminal and two runways.[16][17] The new airport was built on the former Brisbane residential suburb of Cribb Island that was demolished to make way for the airport. Large amounts of sand were pumped from nearby Moreton Bay to raise the swamp land above the tidal range.

The 1988 facilities included: a domestic terminal; state-of-the-art maintenance facilities; freight apron at the existing passenger terminal; a 3500-metre and 1700 metre runways[18]) with parallel taxiway systems (cater for Code F+ aircraft); access roads; parking facilities and a 75 m (246 ft) tall Air traffic control tower.

In 1995 the current international terminal opened, and it has been expanded since that time.

PrivatisationEdit

In 1997, as part of the privatisation of numerous Australian airports, the airport was acquired for $1.4 billion from the Federal Airports Corporation by Brisbane Airport Corporation (BAC) under a 50-year lease (with an option to renew for a further 49 years). Since that time, BAC has assumed ultimate responsibility for the operations of Brisbane Airport including all airport infrastructure investment with no government funding. BAC's shareholders are major Australian and international organisations and significant institutional investors, including Queensland Investment Corporation, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Colonial First State and IFM Investors.[19] Approximately 80 per cent of BAC shareholders are Australian "mums and dads" with their savings invested in superannuation and other funds.[20] Brisbane Airport is categorised as a Leased Federal Airport.[21]

TerminalsEdit

Brisbane Airport has two passenger terminals.

International terminalEdit

 
The front of the Brisbane International terminal
 
International terminal departures level

The international terminal was built in 1995 and has 12 bays with aerobridges, two of these are capable of handling A380s. There are also four layover bays.[22] The terminal has four levels: level 1 houses most airline offices and baggage handlers, level 2 handles arrivals, level 3 houses the departure lounge (airside) and other offices (landside), and level 4 houses departure check-in.

The airport contains an Emirates first class lounge, the first outside Dubai that has direct access to the A380 aerobridges, and also has Air New Zealand, Qantas, Singapore Airlines and Plaza Premium lounges.

There is also a five-storey long term carpark and a smaller short term carpark within close proximity to the terminal.[23]

The international terminal redevelopment began in February 2014. The A$45 million redevelopment is designed by Brisbane architectural practices Richards and Spence and Arkhefield. Queensland artists, Sebastian Moody and Mirdidingkingathi Juwarnda Sally Gabori, were commissioned for the artworks.[24][25]

The international terminal at Brisbane Airport was the first airport in the world to roll out a Bitcoin and other crypto-currency related token payment service that majority of the stores within the terminal have taken part in.[26]

Domestic terminalEdit

 
Brisbane Airport domestic terminal

Brisbane Airport's domestic terminal is a two-storey curved building with three complete satellite arms extending beyond the building providing additional passenger lounge and gate facilities for airlines.

The domestic terminal has three distinct areas serving Qantas and Qantaslink at the northern end of the building and Virgin Australia at the southern end of the building with other carriers such as Jetstar, Tiger Airways and JetGo are located in the central area of the terminal.

The Qantas concourse has 9 bays served by aerobridges including one served by a dual bridge. It has three lounges – the Qantas Club, Business Class and chairman's Lounge. Virgin Australia occupies what was the former Ansett Australia end of the terminal. Its concourse has 11 parking bays, nine of which are served by aerobridges including two served by a dual bridge. It has one lounge – the Virgin Australia Lounge which is located in the former Golden Wing Club opposite Gate 41.

Remote bays are located to the north and south of the building (serving non-jet aircraft), and in the central area (serving jet aircraft).

On 27 February 2014, Qantas announced it had disposed of its long-term lease (signed in 1987) at the domestic terminal which was due to expire on 30 December 2018. Under the new arrangements, Qantas would retain exclusive use and operational control over much of the northern end of the terminal until the end of 2018 while securing rights to key infrastructure beyond this period.[27]

In addition, BAC plans to make a significant investment in upgrading and improving facilities and services within the terminal, such as lounges and will assume control of the retail space of this part of the terminal.

Hawker Pacific Flight Centre and Brisbane Jet BaseEdit

Hawker Pacific Brisbane has two FBO Lounge and Operation Facilities, located on the North (Brisbane Jet Base) and South (Flight Centre) Aprons of Brisbane Airport. The Hawker Pacific facilities handle VIP and FIFO movements including Adhoc Military, Medical and Charter flights.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

 
Jetstar Airways Airbus A320 taxiing for take off
 
Qantas Boeing 737-400 taking off from runway 01
 
Cathay Pacific operates 11 services each week to Hong Kong
 
Etihad Boeing 777-300ER docked at the international terminal
 
Fiji Airways operates daily non-stop services to Nadi, Fiji
 
Alliance Airlines is the largest charter airline based in Brisbane
AirlinesDestinations
Air Canada Vancouver
Air China Seasonal: Beijing–Capital[28]
Air New Zealand Auckland, Christchurch, Norfolk Island[29], Queenstown (resumes 18 December 2018),[30] Wellington (resumes 17 December 2018)[31][32]
Air Niugini Port Moresby
Air Vanuatu Luganville, Port Vila
Aircalin Nouméa
Alliance Airlines Charter: Alice Springs, Ballera, Cloncurry, Miles, The Granites, Trepell[33]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
China Airlines Auckland, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou
Emirates Dubai–International, Singapore
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Fiji Airways Nadi
Fly Corporate Armidale,[34] Biloela/Thangool,[35] Coffs Harbour,[36] Dubbo, [37] Inverell,[38] Melbourne, Moree, Narrabri,[39] Orange,[40] Tamworth,[41] Wollongong (begins 12 November 2018)[42]
Hainan Airlines Shenzhen[43]
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu
Hevilift Charter: Moranbah
Jetstar Airways Adelaide, Ayers Rock[44], Cairns, Darwin, Denpasar,[45] Hobart,[46] Launceston, Mackay, Melbourne, Newcastle, Proserpine, Sydney, Townsville
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International[47]
Malindo Air Denpasar, Kuala Lumpur–International[48]
Nauru Airlines Honiara, Nauru
Philippine Airlines Manila
Qantas Adelaide, Auckland,[49] Cairns, Canberra, Christchurch, Darwin, Hong Kong, Los Angeles1, Melbourne, Nouméa, Perth, Port Hedland, Port Moresby, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo–Narita, Townsville
Seasonal: Broome,[50] Hobart, Queenstown
QantasLink Adelaide, Alice Springs, Barcaldine, Blackall, Bundaberg, Cairns, Canberra, Charleville, Emerald, Gladstone, Hamilton Island,[51] Hervey Bay, Longreach, Lord Howe Island, Mackay, Melbourne,[52] Moranbah, Mount Isa, Newcastle, Rockhampton, Roma, Sydney,[52] Townsville
Regional Express Airlines Bedourie2, Birdsville2, Boulia2, Charleville2, Cunnamulla2, Mount Isa2, Quilpie2, St George2, Thargomindah2, Toowoomba Wellcamp2, Windorah2
Samoa Airways Apia-Faleolo (begins 13 November 2018)[53]
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Skytrans Airlines Charter: Chinchilla, Taroom[54]
Solomon Airlines Honiara, Munda (begins 3 November 2018)[55]
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Tigerair Australia Adelaide, Cairns, Canberra,[56] Darwin, Melbourne, Sydney
Virgin Australia Adelaide, Apia-Faleolo,[57] Auckland, Cairns, Canberra, Christchurch, Darwin, Denpasar, Dunedin, Hamilton Island, Hobart, Honiara, Launceston, Los Angeles, Mackay, Melbourne, Nadi, Newcastle, Perth, Port Moresby, Port Vila, Proserpine, Queenstown, Sydney, Townsville, Wellington
Virgin Australia
operated by Alliance Airlines
Alice Springs[58], Bundaberg, Cloncurry, Emerald, Gladstone, Mount Isa, Rockhampton, Port Macquarie[59]
Notes

^1 One of the Qantas flights operating to Los Angeles continues to New York-JFK, but for marketing purposes this sector is flown using a Sydney-Los Angeles flight number. Due to cabotage regulations, only passengers that have arrived on Qantas operated flights into the United States can travel on the Los Angeles-New York JFK sector.

CargoEdit

The following airlines operate scheduled cargo flights from Brisbane. All cargo services operate from the freight terminal.

AirlinesDestinations
DHL Aviation
operated by Pel-Air
Mackay, Rockhampton, Sydney
Nauru Airlines Honiara, Nauru[60][61]
Pacific Air Express Honiara, Nauru, Port Vila[62][63]
Qantas Freight Cairns, Melbourne, Townsville
Toll Aviation Sydney-Bankstown, Mackay, Rockhamptom, Thangool, Townsville
Toll Aviation
operated by Jetcraft Aviation
Adelaide, Gold Coast, Melbourne, Sydney
Toll Priority Melbourne, Perth, Sydney
Virgin Australia Cargo
operated by Pionair Australia
Cairns, Melbourne, Sydney, Townsville

EmergencyEdit

Ground TransportEdit

Motorised transportEdit

Brisbane Airport has 4 car-parks, all operating 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. There are 2 multi-level undercover car parks, the international, providing short and long term services, and the domestic also provides long and short term parking. Qantas and Virgin Australia also offer Valet Parking at the domestic terminal only. Total car spaces number 9,000.

RailEdit

 
The Airport line travels direct from each terminal to Brisbane and the Gold Coast

The airport has two railway stations as part of a privately owned airport rail line. The international terminal railway station is elevated and located next to the international terminal, as is the domestic railway station. Both stations are privately owned and operated by the Airtrain Citylink consortium. As a result, fares are more expensive than a regular suburban ticket however less than half the taxi fare. The AirtrainCitylink travels via the Queensland Rail City network to Fortitude Valley and the Brisbane CBD, with most trains continuing to the Gold Coast via South Bank.

Inter-terminal busEdit

There is an inter-terminal bus connecting the two terminals and the nearby Skygate shopping precinct, DFO and adjacent Novotel Brisbane Airport hotel.

Development projectsEdit

New parallel runwayEdit

 
New parallel runway under construction with domestic terminal road approaches in foreground
 
Brisbane Airport from space, satellite montage

On 18 September 2007, the federal government granted approval for the construction of a new parallel runway. The proposed $1.3 billion, 3,300 m (10,800 ft) runway will take approximately eight years to construct and is being built on swamp land 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) west of the current terminal area and parallel to the existing main runway.[64] The long construction period is due to the settling period of the 13 million cubic metres of sand fill that is to be dredged from Moreton Bay. In early December 2014 the delivery of 11 million cubic metres of sand to the site was completed.[65]

Road infrastructureEdit

To help relieve congestion between Brisbane and the airport, the Queensland Government, Brisbane City Council, and a Thiess/John Holland Group/Macquarie Bank consortium (BrisConnections) built the Airport Link project. It includes the longest tunnel in Australia (over 8 km (5.0 mi); 6 lanes) from the interchange between the Inner City Bypass and Clem Jones Tunnel (the 2nd longest tunnel in Australia) to the Airport Flyover over an improved Gateway Overpass which leads on to Airport Drive, cutting 16 sets of traffic lights. It was completed in mid-2012.[66]

The new Northern Access Road project, completed in December 2009, is expected to dramatically reduce traffic congestion on Airport Drive. Moreton Drive, the 5 km (3.1 mi), multi-lane road network, linking Gateway Motorway with the airport terminals, provides airport users with a second major access route to terminals and on-airport businesses.[67]

Cycling NetworkEdit

Brisbane Airport has cycling and pedestrian connections connecting to the Moreton Bay Bikeway network.[68]

Brisbane CentreEdit

The Brisbane FIR consists of New South Wales north of Sydney, all of Queensland, most of the Northern Territory and the northern half of Western Australia. It also contains the Australian Tasman Sea airspace. Brisbane Centre is located adjacent to Brisbane Tower at Brisbane Airport. It also contains Brisbane Approach.

Due to the nature of the airspace it controls most international flights in and out of Australia (except Indian Ocean flights), and domestic flights operating to airports within the FIR. From Brisbane Centre, Airservices Australia manages the airspace over the northern half of Australia, representing 5 per cent of the world's total airspace.[69] As only two of eight capitals are located in the Brisbane FIR, it handles a lesser volume of traffic than Melbourne Centre. However, Sydney is on the border of the two FIRs, and thus Brisbane Centre has control of flights arriving or departing in Sydney from the North.

Traffic and statisticsEdit

Brisbane Airport's annual passenger numbers were 23.1 million in 2017[1] and is expected to grow to around 50 million by 2035[70]

AwardsEdit

Brisbane Airport has won a number of awards; including being rated as Australia's No. 1 airport for quality of service 10 years in a row (2005–2014 inclusive) in a survey by the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission,[73] and being ranked as 3rd Best Airport in the world (for airports servicing between 20–30 million passengers per year).[74] In 2015, it was reported as the fourth-best medium-sized airport for on-time arrivals and departures.[75] The international terminal won the Queensland architecture award.[76] In 2005 Brisbane Airport was awarded the IATA Eagle Award, the second of only two Australian airports to receive such an award.[77]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

On 15 February 2012, a Toll Aviation Fairchild Metro III freighter came to rest on its fuselage about 2.30 am.[78] Neither of the two pilots were injured. The landing gear on the light plane failed to go down during testing after maintenance.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit