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Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (IATA: CAN, ICAO: ZGGG) is the major airport of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province, China. Both airport codes were inherited from the former Baiyun Airport, and the IATA code is derived from Guangzhou's historical romanization Canton. Baiyun Airport serves as a hub for China Southern Airlines, FedEx Express, 9 Air, Hainan Airlines and Shenzhen Airlines.

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport

广州白云国际机场
Baiyun Aitport Logo.svg
CAN-ZGGG鳥瞰圖.png
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGuangzhou Baiyun International Airport Co. Ltd.
OperatorGuangdong Airport Authority
ServesGuangzhou
LocationBaiyunHuadu Districts, Guangzhou, Guangdong
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL15 m / 49 ft
Coordinates23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°E / 23.39250; 113.29889Coordinates: 23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°E / 23.39250; 113.29889
WebsiteGBIA
Maps
CAAC airport diagram
CAAC airport diagram
CAN is located in Guangdong
CAN
CAN
Location of the airport
CAN is located in China
CAN
CAN
CAN (China)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 3,600 11,811 Concrete
02L/20R 3,800 12,467 Concrete
02R/20L 3,800 12,467 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passenger volume69,720,403
Cargo (metric tonnes)1,890,560
Aircraft movements477,364
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Simplified Chinese广州白云国际机场
Traditional Chinese廣州白雲國際機場
Cantonese YaleGwóngjāu Baahkwàhn Gwokjai Gēichèuhng

In 2017, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was China's third-busiest and world's 13th-busiest airport by passenger traffic, with 65,806,977 passengers handled. As for cargo traffic, the airport was China's third-busiest and the 19th-busiest worldwide. Baiyun airport was also the third-busiest airport in China in terms of aircraft movements.

Contents

OverviewEdit

1932-2004Edit

The old Baiyun Airport opened in 1932. Due to the expansion of Guangzhou, the airport could not expand to meet passengers needs as buildings surrounded the airport. On August 5, 2004, the new Baiyun airport opened and the old airport was closed.

Since 2004Edit

The new airport is located in Guangzhou's Baiyun District and Huadu District and opened on August 5, 2004 as a replacement for the 72-year-old, identically named former airport, which is now closed. Built at a cost of 19.8 billion yuan, the new airport is 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of downtown Guangzhou and nearly five times larger than its predecessor. "Baiyun" (白云) means "white cloud" in Chinese and refers to the Baiyun Mountain (Baiyunshan), near the former airport even though the mountain is much closer to downtown Guangzhou than it is to the new airport. It is also referred to as "New Baiyun" to distinguish it from the previous airport, but this is not a part of the official name.

Former curfews and restrictions did not apply to the new airport so it could operate 24 hours a day, allowing China Southern Airlines to maximise intercontinental route utilisation with overnight flights. Other airlines also benefit from the removal of previous restrictions.

DataEdit

  • Runways: 3—3,800 metres (12,500 ft), 3,800 metres (12,500 ft) and 3,600 metres (11,800 ft)
  • Aircraft parking bays: 173 (passenger apron and cargo apron)[2]
  • Current passenger capacity: 45 million passengers per year
    • Planned passenger capacity in 2020: 80 million passengers per year[3]
  • Current cargo capacity: 1 million tonnes
    • Planned cargo capacity in 2020: 2.5 million tonnes[3]
  • Destinations: 100 (mostly domestic)
  • Branch airports: Jieyang, Meizhou, Zhanjiang

FacilitiesEdit

 
Airport Layout
 
Drop off zone outside Terminal 1

Terminal 1Edit

Terminal 1 has three components, Main Terminal, Area A and Area B. All check-in counters and most retail stores are placed at the Main Terminal. The two concourses controlled by individual security checkpoints, named Area A and Area B, are the boarding gates, security checkpoints, border control, custom & quarantine, baggage reclaim and relative facilities.

Since 24 January 2016, East Pier 1 & 2 are dedicated to serve international flights, domestic flights occupy the rest.

Terminal 2Edit

Terminal 2 opened on April 26, 2018, with an area measuring over 600,000 square metres. When Terminal 2 officially operates, it will be typically home to China Southern Airlines. In addition, most of SkyTeam member airlines will also typically operate in Terminal 2.[4]

Airlines Check-in Counter
Domestic China Southern Airlines, Xiamen Airlines, Sichuan Airlines, Chongqing Airlines, Hebei Airlines C, D, E, F, G, J
International Japan Airlines, Kenya Airways, Saudia Airlines, Garuda Indonesia M
Korean Air, China Airlines, Vietnam Airlines, Singapore Airlines, Air France, Thai Airways International, Aeroflot Russian Airlines, Sichuan Airlines N
China Southern Airlines P, Q

The new transport centre (GTC) is under construction on the south of terminal 2, passengers will be able to go to Guangzhou downtown by taking metro, rail, bus or taxi there.[5]

FedEx Asia-Pacific hubEdit

 
FedEx Asia-Pacific hub apron

On July 13, 2005, FedEx Express signed a contract with the airport authority to relocate its Asia-Pacific hub from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines to Baiyun airport. The new Asia-Pacific hub covers an area of approximate 63 hectares (160 acres), with a total floor space of 82,000 square metres (880,000 sq ft).[6] At the beginning of operation, the hub employed more than 800 people and operated 136 flights a week, providing delivery services among 20 major cities in Asia and linking these cities to more than 220 countries and territories in the world.[7] The Guangzhou hub was, at the time of the opening, the largest FedEx hub outside the United States,[6] but it was later surpassed by the expanded hub at Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport.[8]

The hub has its own ramp control tower, a first for an international air express cargo company facility in China, which enables FedEx to control aircraft movements on the ground, aircraft parking plans as well as loading and unloading priorities. Included at the hub are a unique package and sorting system with 16 high-speed sorting lines, seven round-out conveyor belts and 90 primary and secondary document-sorting splits. With the new advanced system, up to 24,000 packages can be sorted an hour at the start of operations.[9]

Construction began in 2006 and the hub was originally scheduled to open on December 26, 2008. On November 17, 2008, after several months of testing, FedEx announced that the opening date was delayed to the first half of 2009 when the hub was expected to be fully operational. FedEx claimed that the revised operation date "provided FedEx with the necessary time to fully test all systems and processes, as well as work closely with the Guangzhou authorities to ensure all necessary approvals are in place".[9]

On December 17, 2008, the hub completed its first flight operations test. A FedEx MD-11 aircraft took off from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines and landed at Baiyun Airport at 5:50 am. The flight was handled by the new FedEx hub team, using the FedEx ramp control tower and the new 24,000 package per hour sort system. Following a successful operations' process, the flight departed on time for its final destination at Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, France. This Asia-Europe flight route operated four times per week during test run. FedEx also announced that the hub would start operation on February 6, 2009.[10]

 
Look at the Terminal 1 and Terminal 2 from the runway

FedEx closed its 13-year-old Asia-Pacific hub at Subic Bay of northern Philippines on February 6, 2009 with the last flight leaving for Taiwan just before dawn, while hub operations have moved to Baiyun Airport.[11] The first flight that arrived at the new FedEx Asia-Pacific hub originated from Indianapolis International Airport. The MD-11 aircraft landed at 11:07 pm at Baiyun International Airport from Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris, marking the opening and full operations of the new Asia-Pacific hub.[12]

RunwaysEdit

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport now has three runways. The third runway opened on February 5, 2015,[13] which temporarily tackled the long‐standing capacity obstacle. The operation of the third runway expanded Baiyun Airport's capacity, pushing business up.[14] Unfortunately, the third runway can only be used for landing, as its airspace conflicts with Foshan airport[15]. The airport is planning to build two additional runways.[15].

ExpansionEdit

 
Control Tower of Baiyun Airport

In August 2008, the airport's expansion plan was approved by the National Development and Reform Commission.[16]

It included a third runway, 3,800 metres in length and 60 metres in width, located 400 metres to the east of the existing east runway. The centrepiece of the project is a 531,000-square-metre Terminal 2, equal in size to the current terminal building. Other facilities comprise new indoor and outdoor car parks and a transportation centre with metro and inter-city train services. The total cost of the entire project was estimated to be around ¥18.854 billion. Construction of the third runway began in 2012 and the runway commenced operation in early 2015. The whole project including the new terminal was scheduled to be finished in February 2018, at which time the airport will be able to handle 80 million passengers and 2.5 million tonnes of cargo a year.[3]

According to its master plan, Baiyun Airport will eventually have five runways and a third terminal building, located between the third and fifth runways. When completed, the passenger and cargo handling capacity of the airport will be increased to over 100 million and 5 million tonnes, respectively. A preliminary timetable gives the completion date of 2022.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
9 Air Changchun, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hefei, Lanzhou, Mandalay,[17] Nanjing, Ningbo, Sihanoukville,[18] Tianjin, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xishuangbanna, Yangon, Zhengzhou
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dazhou, Guangyuan, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Luzhou, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin, Tonghua, Urumqi, Wanzhou, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Yinchuan,[19] Yuncheng
Air Madagascar Antananarivo, Saint-Denis de la Réunion
AirAsia Johor Bahru, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul-Incheon
Beijing Capital Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Lijiang, Qingdao, Yinchuan
Cambodia Angkor Air Phnom Penh, Sihanoukville (begins 27 October 2019)[20]
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Manila
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[21] Baoshan, Beijing–Capital, Cangyuan,[22] Changchun, Changzhou, Chengdu, Dali, Datong, Diqing,[23] Hangzhou, Hefei, Huai'an, Jiayuguan, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Lüliang, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Ordos, Qingdao, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shiyan,[24] Taiyuan, Taizhou, Urumqi, Weihai,[25] Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xishuangbanna, Yichang, Yinchuan
China Southern Airlines Adelaide, Altay,[26] Amsterdam, Anqing, Anshan, Auckland, Baishan, Baku,[27] Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baotou,[28] Beihai, Beijing–Capital, Bijie, Brisbane, Busan, Cebu, Chiang Mai, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Changzhi, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chizhou, Chongqing, Christchurch, Colombo, Dali, Dalian, Daocheng, Daqing, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Dubai–International, Enshi, Frankfurt, Fuyang, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Handan, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Harbin, Hefei, Ho Chi Minh City, Hohhot, Hotan,[29] Huangshan, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan, Jining, Jixi, Karamay, Kashgar, Kathmandu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Lahore,[30] Langkawi, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Libo, Lijiang, Linfen, Liupanshui, London–Heathrow, Longnan,[31] Los Angeles, Luoyang, Malé, Manila, Meixian, Melbourne, Mexico City1, Mianyang, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Mudanjiang, Nagoya–Centrair, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Nanyang, New York–JFK, Nha Trang, Ningbo, Nur-Sultan,[32] Nyingchi, Ordos, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phu Quoc, Phuket, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Rizhao, Rome–Fiumicino, San Francisco, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tongliao, Tongren, Toronto–Pearson, Turpan, Urumqi, Vancouver, Vienna,[33] Vientiane, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xichang, Xingyi, Xining, Xinzhou, Xuzhou, Yan'an, Yancheng, Yangon, Yangzhou, Yantai, Yanji, Yichang, Yichun (Heilongjiang), Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yulin, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zunyi–Maotai,[34] Zunyi–Xinzhou
Seasonal: Fukuoka, Jeju
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing
China United Airlines Beijing–Nanyuan, Shiyan
EgyptAir Cairo
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
EVA Air Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan
Finnair Helsinki[35]
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
GX Airlines Baise, Changsha
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Chengde, Chengdu, Chongqing, Da Nang, Dalian, Dongying,[36] Dunhuang,[37] Haikou, Hangzhou, Hanzhong, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot,[38] Jinzhou, Lanzhou, Nanjing, Nha Trang, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Sanming, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tangshan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Weifang, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Xi'an, Xinzhou,[38] Yinchuan, Zhangjiakou, Zhengzhou
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang
IrAero Moscow–Domodedovo[39]
Iraqi Airways Baghdad[40]
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Haneda
JC International Airlines Sihanoukville[41]
Jetstar Pacific Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
Juneyao Airlines Lijiang, Shanghai–Hongqiao
Kenya Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kunming Airlines Kunming
Lanmei Airlines Phnom Penh,[42] Sihanoukville[43]
Lao Airlines Vientiane
Lion Air Charter: Denpasar/Bali,[44] Manado[45]
Loong Air Hangzhou, Ningbo, Shenyang, Xining,[46] Yantai
Lucky Air Kunming
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International
Malindo Air Johor Bahru, Kuala Lumpur–International
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Ulaanbaatar[47]
Myanmar Airways International Yangon
Okay Airways Tianjin
Oman Air Muscat
Pegas Fly Moscow–Sheremetyevo[48]
Philippine Airlines Manila
Philippines AirAsia Manila
Qatar Airways Doha
RwandAir Kigali, Mumbai[49]
S7 Airlines Irkutsk,[50][51] Novosibirsk[52]
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Scoot Singapore
Shandong Airlines Jinan, Qingdao, Wuyishan, Yantai, Xiamen
Shanghai Airlines Hangzhou, Nagoya–Centrair,[53] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong
Shenzhen Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Changchun, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Jinan, Jingdezhen, Kunming, Linyi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nantong, Ningbo, Phnom Penh, Phuket,[54] Qingdao, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Taizhou, Tengchong, Wenzhou, Wuxi, Xi'an, Yangzhou, Yantai,[55] Yibin, Yichun (Jiangxi), Yinchuan
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Harbin, Krabi,[56] Kunming, Nha Trang, Saipan, Yinchuan
Singapore Airlines Singapore
South African Airways Johannesburg–O.R. Tambo (begins 18 September 2019)[57]
Spring Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chiang Mai,[58] Osaka–Kansai,[59] Phnom Penh, Phuket, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shijiazhuang
SriLankan Airlines Colombo
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Mai[60]
Tianjin Airlines Tianjin
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Uni Air Taichung
US-Bangla Airlines Dhaka
Vietnam Airlines Da Nang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
West Air Chongqing, Zhengzhou[61]
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Tianjin, Xiamen
 
CAN world map destination

^1 China Southern's flight from Guangzhou to Mexico City makes a stop in Vancouver, however the airline doesn't have local traffic rights between Vancouver and Mexico City.[62]

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
ANA Cargo Okinawa,[63] Tokyo–Narita[64]
Asiana Cargo Seoul–Incheon
China Airlines Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
China Postal Airlines Nanjing, Shanghai–Hongqiao
China Southern Cargo Amsterdam, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Dhaka,[65] Frankfurt,[66] Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, London–Stansted,[67] Los Angeles,[68] Paris–Charles de Gaulle,[69] Qingdao, Taipei–Taoyuan, Vienna,[70] Zhengzhou
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Oslo-Gardermoen[71]
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al Maktoum
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi, Chittagong
FedEx Express Almaty, Anchorage, Bangalore, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Chengdu, Clark, Cologne/Bonn, Delhi, Dubai–International, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kuala Lumpur–International, Manila, Mumbai, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo–Narita
Korean Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon
Lufthansa Cargo Chongqing, Delhi, Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur–International
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha[72]
Saudia Cargo Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Riyadh
SF Airlines Beijing–Capital,[73] Wuhan, Zhengzhou
Turkish Airlines Cargo Almaty, Bishkek, Istanbul–Atatürk
Suparna Airlines Dhaka, Hangzhou, Nanning, Taipei–Taoyuan, Xiamen

StatisticsEdit

Traffic by calendar year
Passengers Aircraft movements Cargo
(tons)
2010[74] 40,975,673 329,214 1,144,455.7
2011[75] 45,040,340 349,259 1,179,967.7
2012[76] 48,309,410 373,314 1,248,763.8
2013[77] 52,450,262 394,403 1,309,745.5
2014[78] 54,780,346 412,210 1,454,043.8
2015[79] 55,201,915 409,679 1,537,758.9
2016 59,732,147 435,231 1,652,214.9
2017[80] 65,806,977 465,295 1,780,423.1
2018[81] 69,720,403 477,364 1,890,559.997

Ground transportationEdit

 
Airport South metro station
 
Airport Express Bus

Inter-TerminalEdit

There is a free shuttle bus that goes between Terminals 1 and 2.

RoadEdit

The airport is connected to downtown Guangzhou by the S41 Guangzhou Airport Expressway.

RailEdit

Guangzhou–Foshan circular intercity railway which is under construction will set the Baiyun Airport Terminal 1 Station, the Baiyun Airport Terminal 2 Station and the Baiyun Airport Terminal 3 Station in the airport. The rail will connect the airport to the Guangzhou South railway station and the Guangzhou North railway station.

MetroEdit

Baiyun International Airport is served by the Airport South Station (serving Terminal 1) and the Airport North Station (serving Terminal 2) on Line 3 of Guangzhou Metro.

In the future, Guangzhou Metro Line 18 has a plan to link the airport to the Guangzhou downtown.[82]

BusEdit

There are 5 Airport Express lines and 6 Airport Non-stop lines to round-trip between airport and downtown. Buses will take passengers to city's major hotels, grand plaza and transportation center, such as Garden Hotel, Guangdong Hotel, CITIC Plaza, Haizhu Square, Tianhe Coach Station, Guangzhou North Station and so on.

To service passengers out of Guangzhou city, the airport also provides intra city bus service. The buses will take up passengers from/to Dongguan, Foshan, Zhongshan, Huizhou, Jiangmen and so on.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2016年全国机场生产统计公报 (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 2017-05-03.
  2. ^ 在2011年广州地区交通邮电单位协调联席会议上的讲话 (in Chinese). 广州市交通委员会 (Guangzhou City Transport Commission). 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
  3. ^ a b c 白云机场高管谈扩建二期项目融资方案待定 (in Chinese). Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. 2013-05-29. Retrieved 2013-11-06.
  4. ^ 白云机场T2航站楼运营配置方案公布 东航等16家公司将进驻. ycwb.com. 2017-05-14. Retrieved 2017-05-14.
  5. ^ 白云机场2号航站楼初展风姿 将建成交通“巨无霸”. ycwb.com. 2016-09-01. Retrieved 2016-09-01.
  6. ^ a b "FedEx Expands Leadership in Asia Pacific with Plan to Build Region's Largest Air Cargo Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2005-07-13. Retrieved 2008-09-04.
  7. ^ "FedEx Express Guangzhou Hub Fact Sheet" (Press release). FedEx. May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-19.
  8. ^ "The Roissy-Charles de Gaulle (CDG) Hub" (PDF) (Press release). FedEx. February 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
  9. ^ a b "New FedEx Asia-Pacific Hub Prepares for Opening" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-11-17. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
  10. ^ "FedEx Initiates Flight Operations Test at its New Asia Pacific Hub in Baiyun International Airport in Guangzhou" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2008-12-19.
  11. ^ "FedEx closes hub in Philippines". AFP. 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2009-02-07.
  12. ^ "FedEx Express Opens New Asia Pacific Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2009-02-09. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
  13. ^ Guangzhou Airport Set to Open Its 3rd Runway on Feb 5. WCARN.com. 2015-01-10. Retrieved 2015-01-10.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport:Business Growth Picking up,Airport Capacity Gradually Expanding. 研报&兴业证券. 2016-09-07. Retrieved 2016-09-07.
  15. ^ a b "Shenzhen plans three new airports". 2016-06-05. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  16. ^ "Baiyun Airport expansion project receives approval from NDRC". AvBuyer.com.cn. 2008-08-24. Archived from the original on 2009-01-09. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
  17. ^ "9 Air schedules international debut in October 2018".
  18. ^ "9 Air Launches Flight To Sihanoukville From Guangzhou In July 2019". Kucinda-Seita.blogspot.com. June 28, 2019.
  19. ^ http://static.sse.com.cn/disclosure/listedinfo/announcement/c/2019-02-16/601111_20190216_1.pdf
  20. ^ Liu, Jim. "Cambodia Angkor Air adds Sihanoukville – Guangzhou service in W19". Routesonline. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  21. ^ "【7月1日起】东航广州-曼谷,约吧!".
  22. ^ "东航广州-迪庆开航在即,含税¥530起!|广州-沧源一票通达_香格里拉".
  23. ^ "东航在迪庆首条"扶贫航线"通航(附时刻表)_广州".
  24. ^ "夏秋航季首日 东航广州直飞十堰武当山首航成功_广州日报大洋网".
  25. ^ "承让!东航烟台16个新目的地直飞时刻来了".
  26. ^ http://news.carnoc.com/list/479/479767.html
  27. ^ "中国南航开通巴库-乌鲁木齐-广州航班".
  28. ^ https://global.csair.com/
  29. ^ "夏航季来了,南航将新开3条和田至内地航线_城市".
  30. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "China Southern adds Guangzhou – Lahore route from Aug 2018".
  31. ^ "广州-陇南、深圳-陇南航线本月下旬首航".
  32. ^ "南航将新开广州-乌鲁木齐-阿斯塔纳航线-中国民航网".
  33. ^ "China Southern steuert den Flughafen Wien an".
  34. ^ "南航召开夏秋航季航线产品推介会-2019-中国南方航空公司".
  35. ^ Finnair to fly to Guangzhou, China year-round as of winter 2019 News.cision.com 17 April 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  36. ^ "广州来了!东营胜利机场夏航季开通广州-东营-大连、三亚-武汉-东营航班,加密深圳、上海航班!_时刻".
  37. ^ http://news.carnoc.com/list/488/488729.html
  38. ^ a b "呼和浩特机场开通新航线……通航城市达到83个_广州".
  39. ^ Liu, Jim (26 February 2019). "IrAero adds Guangzhou service from April 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  40. ^ "Iraqi Airways Adds China Service from late-August 2014".
  41. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "JC International adds new Sihanoukville – China service in Aug/Sep 2018".
  42. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Lanmei Airlines continues China expansion in mid-May 2018".
  43. ^ "广东广州直飞柬埔寨西港西哈努克港旅游3-30天含税机票(全国各地直飞+不转机不经停+含税+可定单程),马蜂窝自由行 - 马蜂窝自由行".
  44. ^ "广州直飞巴厘岛5天4晚自由行(私家沙滩+泳池酒店+专车接机+自助早餐)_特价自由行预订_自由行特价团购促销优惠 - 穷游折扣,一起发现最世界!".
  45. ^ "广州直飞美娜多5-6天自由行(电影前任3取景地+狮航包机直飞+免签海岛+多酒店选择+接送机服务)_特价自由行预订_自由行特价团购促销优惠 - 穷游折扣,一起发现最世界!".
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