King Abdulaziz International Airport
King Abdulaziz International Airport (KAIA) (Arabic: مطار الملك عبدالعزيز الدولي) (IATA: JED, ICAO: OEJN) is an airport located 19 km to the north of Jeddah. Named after King Abdulaziz Al Saud and inaugurated in 1981, the airport is the busiest airport of Saudi Arabia and the third-largest airport in the kingdom. The airport's Hajj Terminal was specially built for Muslim pilgrims going to Mecca annually on the Hajj. It is one of the largest in the world, and can handle 80,000 passengers at the same time.
King Abdulaziz International Airport
Mataar Al-Malik Abdulazīz Ad-Dowaliy
مطار الملك عبدالعزيز الدولي
|Operator||General Authority of Civil Aviation|
|Serves||Jeddah, Saudi Arabia|
|Location||Al Madinah Al Munawwarah Road|
|Elevation AMSL||15 m / 48 ft|
The airport occupies an area of 15 square kilometres (5.8 square miles). Beside the airport proper, this includes a royal terminal, facilities of Prince Abdullah Air Base for the Royal Saudi Air Force, and housing for airport staff. Construction work on KAIA airport began in 1974, and was finalized in 1980. Finally, on 31 May 1981, the airport opened for service after being officially inaugurated in April 1981.
Because of Jeddah's proximity to Islam's holy city of Mecca, the airport has a dedicated Hajj Terminal, built to handle pilgrims taking part in the rituals associated with the annual Hajj. It can accommodate 80,000 travelers at the same time.
Designed by the Bangladeshi-American engineer Fazlur Rahman Khan of the architectural firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP (SOM), it is known for its tent-like roof structure, engineered by Horst Berger while part of Geiger Berger Associates. Ten modules, each consisting of 21 "tents" of white colored Teflon-coated fiberglass fabric suspended from pylons, are grouped together into two blocks of five modules and separated by a landscaped mall between the blocks. Only customs, baggage handling and similar facilities are located in an air-conditioned building. The vast majority of the complex, called "Terminal Support Area", is a flexible, open area, conceived to function like a village, complete with souk (market) and mosque. Not enclosed by walls, this area is sheltered from the intense sun while allowing for natural ventilation; because of this, some consider it to be a green, environmentally-friendly building.
The Hajj Terminal received the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1983. According to the jury, "the brilliant and imaginative design of the roofing system met the awesome challenge of covering this vast space with incomparable elegance and beauty."
At five million square feet (460,000 m2), the Jeddah airport Hajj Terminal is estimated to be among the world's largest air terminals after Beijing Capital International Airport, Dubai International Airport and Hong Kong International Airport. Many airlines from Muslim and non-Muslim countries have used the Hajj Terminal.
Jeddah-KAIA airport serves as a major hub for Saudia who originally had the exclusive use of the South Terminal. In 2007, however, the privately owned Saudi carriers Flynas and Sama Airlines were also given permission to use it. Due to the closure of Sama Airlines, the terminal was only used by Saudia and Flynas. The terminal is now also used by Flyadeal, Garuda Indonesia, Kenya Airways, and Korean Air. The North Terminal at Jeddah airport is used by all other foreign airlines.
The new King Abdulaziz International Airport three-stage development started in 2006, and is currently scheduled for an official opening in mid 2019 . However, from 2018 a number of local flights have been started to land in the airport. The project is designed to increase the airport's yearly capacity from 13 million to 80 million passengers.
The expansion includes brand-new passenger terminal building, a 136 meter air traffic control (ATC) tower(the world's largest atc tower), airfield hard-standing and paved areas, lighting, fuel network systems, electronic passenger guidance system and storm water drainage network. There will also be a newly constructed support services building and upgrades to the existing runway and airfield systems. The three stages, according to GACA—the General Authority of Civil Aviation of Saudi Arabia, will be marked by staged capacity increase to 30 million, 60 million and 80 million passengers per year.
The new airport will be accessed by the Haramain high-speed rail project network. Prince Majed Street will connect to the Al-Laith Highway, forming a fast north-south transit route.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
Accidents and incidentsEdit
- On 11 July 1991, Nigeria Airways Flight 2120, a Douglas DC-8-61, suffered cabin pressure problems followed by a fire due to a failed landing gear. The pilots tried to return to the airport but failed to reach the airport and the plane crashed, killing all 247 passengers and 14 crew.
- On 1 March 2004, PIA Flight 2002, an Airbus A300B4-200, burst two tires whilst taking off. Fragments of the tire were ingested by the engines, this caused the engines to catch fire and an aborted takeoff was performed. Due to substantial damage to the engine and the left wing, the aircraft was written off. All 261 passengers and 12 crew survived.
- on 21 May 2018, an Onur Air-leased Airbus A330-200 (reg TC-OCH), operating as flight 3818 from Medina to Dhaka, was diverted to Jeddah after suffering a malfunction with the nose landing gear. It was forced to make a landing with no nose gear，the remaining gear did not.collapse. No injuries were reported.
- "Jeddah airport at new altitude with record number of flights, passengers". Retrieved 17 November 2018.
- "King Abdulaziz International airport – Economic and social impact". Ecquants. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
- About KAIA on the GACA website
- "SOM's Hajj Terminal Wins AIA 25-Year Award". fabricARCHITECTURE. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- Cold air is poured into the space and allowed to escape into the desert. Aga Khan Awards, Project brief Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- Aga Khan Award for Architecture.
- "King Abdulaziz International Airport Development Project". Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- Gazette, Saudi (18 September 2018). "More flights shifted to new Jeddah airport". Saudigazette. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
- "Low Fare Calendar - Aegean Airlines". Aegean Airlines.
- "Air Arabia Egypt adds Assiut – Jeddah service from March 2019". routesonline.com.
- "Ariana schedule". Archived from the original on 4 December 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
- "Schedule". www.cairoaviation.com.eg.
- 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "flyadeal plans Abha launch in Feb 2018".
- "flyadeal launches new routes to Dammam and Al-Qassim". 24 October 2017.
- "flyadeal brings affordable air travel to Tabuk". Flyadeal.com. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
- "Fly Egypt Airlines". booking.flyeg.com.
- "First international flight lands at Erbil airport from Saudi after ban lifted".
- 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "flynas adds new domestic routes in late-Jan 2017".
- "Saudi Arabia's Flynas launches flights to Tbilisi from June". agenda.ge. 13 April 2018. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- "Indigo adds Mumbai to Jeddah from June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
- "Iraqi Airways Jeddah charter data at fllightradar24".
- 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Kam Air adds Kandahar – Jeddah from late-March 2018".
- 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Lion Air further expands 737MAX 8 Saudi Arabia routes from Oct 2017".
- 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Lion Air adds Boeing 737MAX service to Saudi Arabia from Oct 2017".
- "Lion Air Buka Penerbangan Langsung dari Pekanbaru ke Madinah". 27 September 2017.
- 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Nesma Airlines expands Hail service in Nov 2016".
- "Nile Air adds Jeddah from Dec 2018". RoutesOnline. 26 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
- 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Salam Air schedules Jeddah Apr 2017 launch".
- "Saudia adds regular Ankara service from Nov 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "Saudi Airlines to operate regular Baghdad route late October". Arab News. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
- 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Saudia adds Jeddah – Erbil route from Oct 2018".
- "Saudi Airlines to operate wide-body planes from Kozhikode from Dec 3". Manorama Online. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
- "Saudia to operate wide-bodied aircraft from December". The Hindu. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
- 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Saudia plans Multan launch in April 2017".
- 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Saudia plans Port Sudan launch in S17".
- "SaudiGulf Airlines to launch on October 29". ch-aviation. 28 October 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
- "SpiceJet To Launch Hyderabad-Jeddah Flight Service From March". NDTV. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
- "India's SpiceJet plans to launch Jeddah flights from Calicut". Arabian Business. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
- "Istanbul New Airport Transition Delayed Until April 5, 2019 (At The Earliest)".
- 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Uzbekistan Airways adds 2 routes from late-Oct 2018".
- ET cargo schedule Archived 11 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Ethiopianairlines.com.
- "Saudia Cargo Resumes New York Service from Sep 2015". Airlineroute.net. 23 September 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule Archived 4 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- "Sectors – Safety & Economic Regulations > Contact Information." General Authority of Civil Aviation. Retrieved on 25 February 2012. "1- GACA HANGAR BLDG.364, KAIA, JEDDAH" – Arabic: "1- مبنى رقم 364 – مطار الملك عبد العزيز الدولي -جدة"
- "Nationair Flight 2120 accident". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 16 March 2010.
- "PIA Flight 2002 accident". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 16 March 2010.
- "Saudia Airbus A330-200 makes emergency landing at Jeddah airport". Arab News. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
Media related to King Abdulaziz International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- King Abdulaziz International Airport new website
- Arrivals and Departures
- Information on the GACA website for the King Abdulaziz Int. Airport Development Project (KADP)
- Airport information for OEJN at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
- Airport information for OEJN at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
- Current weather for OEJN at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for JED at Aviation Safety Network