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King Abdulaziz International Airport

King Abdulaziz International Airport (KAIA) (Arabic: مطار الملك عبدالعزيز الدولي‎) (IATA: JED, ICAO: OEJN) is a Saudi international airport located 19 km to the north of Jeddah. Named after King Abdulaziz Al Saud and inaugurated in 1981, the airport is the busiest airport of Saudi Arabia and the third-largest airport in the kingdom. The airport's Hajj Terminal was specially built for Muslim pilgrims going to Mecca annually on the Hajj. It is one of the largest in the world, and can handle 80,000 passengers at the same time.

King Abdulaziz International Airport

Mataar Al-Malik Abdulazīz Ad-Dowaliy

مطار الملك عبدالعزيز الدولي
Jeddahairportlogo.jpg
KAAirport-NT.JPG
Summary
Airport typeMilitary/Public
OperatorGeneral Authority of Civil Aviation
ServesJeddah, Saudi Arabia
LocationAl Madinah Al Munawwarah Road
Hub for
Elevation AMSL15 m / 48 ft
Coordinates21°40′46″N 039°09′24″E / 21.67944°N 39.15667°E / 21.67944; 39.15667Coordinates: 21°40′46″N 039°09′24″E / 21.67944°N 39.15667°E / 21.67944; 39.15667
Websitewww.jed-airport.com
Map
JED is located in Saudi Arabia
JED
JED
Location of airport in Saudi Arabia
JED is located in Asia
JED
JED
JED (Asia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
16L/34R 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
16C/34C 4,000 13,123 Concrete
16R/34L 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers34,000,000+
Traffic movement226,894[1]
Economic impact (2012)$11.5 billion[2]
Social impact (2012)126.7 thousand[2]

Contents

DescriptionEdit

The airport occupies an area of 15 square kilometres (5.8 square miles).[3] Beside the airport proper, this includes a royal terminal, facilities of Prince Abdullah Air Base for the Royal Saudi Air Force, and housing for airport staff. Construction work on KAIA airport began in 1974, and was finalized in 1980. Finally, on 31 May 1981, the airport opened for service after being officially inaugurated in April 1981.[3]

New King Abdulaziz International AirportEdit

In 2019, the new King Abdulaziz International Airport had a soft opening with a number of domestic flights transferred to operate from it. The airport is considered one of the largest of its kind worldwide.[4] Visitors and passengers will enjoy a number of facilities including 810,000 square meters lounges and a transport center that links between the building and the car park and train station.[5] Moreover, the airport will have a huge aquarium with 10 meters in diameter and 14 meters in height as well as a capacity of million liter of water.[5] Furthermore, a mosque with a capacity of 3,732 worshippers has been established in the airport.[5]

FacilitiesEdit

 
٘North Terminal

Hajj TerminalEdit

 
Hajj Terminal

Because of Jeddah's proximity to Islam's holy city of Mecca, the airport has a dedicated Hajj Terminal, built to handle pilgrims taking part in the rituals associated with the annual Hajj. It can accommodate 80,000 travelers at the same time.

Designed by the Bangladeshi-American engineer Fazlur Rahman Khan of the architectural firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP (SOM), it is known for its tent-like roof structure, engineered by Horst Berger while part of Geiger Berger Associates.[6] Ten modules, each consisting of 21 "tents" of white colored Teflon-coated fiberglass fabric suspended from pylons, are grouped together into two blocks of five modules and separated by a landscaped mall between the blocks. Only customs, baggage handling and similar facilities are located in an air-conditioned building. The vast majority of the complex, called "Terminal Support Area", is a flexible, open area, conceived to function like a village, complete with souk (market) and mosque. Not enclosed by walls, this area is sheltered from the intense sun while allowing for natural ventilation; because of this, some consider it to be a green, environmentally-friendly building.[7]

The Hajj Terminal received the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1983. According to the jury, "the brilliant and imaginative design of the roofing system met the awesome challenge of covering this vast space with incomparable elegance and beauty."[8]

At five million square feet (460,000 m2), the Jeddah airport Hajj Terminal is estimated to be among the world's largest air terminals after Beijing Capital International Airport, Dubai International Airport and Hong Kong International Airport. Many airlines from Muslim and non-Muslim countries have used the Hajj Terminal.

Other terminalsEdit

 
South Terminal

Jeddah-KAIA airport serves as a major hub for Saudia who originally had the exclusive use of the South Terminal. In 2007, however, the privately owned Saudi carriers Flynas and Sama Airlines were also given permission to use it. Due to the closure of Sama Airlines, the terminal was only used by Saudia and Flynas. The terminal is now also used by Flyadeal, Garuda Indonesia, Kenya Airways, and Korean Air. The North Terminal at Jeddah airport is used by all other foreign airlines.

Expansion projectEdit

The new King Abdulaziz International Airport three-stage development started in 2006, and is currently scheduled for an official opening in mid 2019.[9] However, as of 2018 local flights have been landing at the airport.[10] The project is designed to increase the airport's yearly capacity from 13 million to 80 million passengers.[citation needed]

The expansion includes a brand-new passenger terminal building, a 136-meter tall air traffic control (ATC) tower (the largest in the world), airfield hard-standing and paved areas, lighting, fuel network systems, electronic passenger guidance system and a new storm water drainage network. There will also be a newly constructed support services building and upgrades to the existing runway and airfield systems. The three stages, according to GACA—the General Authority of Civil Aviation of Saudi Arabia, will be marked by staged capacity increase to 30 million, 60 million and 80 million passengers per year.

The new airport will be accessed by the Haramain high-speed rail project network. Prince Majed Street will connect to the Al-Laith Highway, forming a fast north-south transit route.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens[11]
Afriqiyah Airways Misrata,[12] Tripoli–Mitiga
Seasonal: Bayda, Benghazi
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Arabia Ras al Khaimah, Sharjah
Air Arabia Egypt Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Assiut,[13] Sohag
Air Cairo Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Assiut, Cairo, Sohag
Air China Hajj: Ürümqi
AirAsia XSeasonal: Kuala Lumpur–International
Airblue Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Multan
Air India Delhi, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kozhikode (suspended), Mumbai
Hajj: Bhopal, Kozhikode
AlMasria Universal Airlines Alexandria–Borg el Arab
Ariana Afghan Airlines Kabul, Kandahar[14]
AtlasGlobal Ankara, Istanbul
Seasonal: Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Hajj: Sarajevo
Azerbaijan AirlinesSeasonal charter: Baku[15]
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Chittagong, Dhaka
Hajj: Sylhet
British Airways London–Heathrow
Cairo Aviation Cairo[16]
Citilink Seasonal: Medan, Surabaya, Surakarta/Solo[17]
Daallo Airlines Hargeisa, Mogadishu
EgyptAir Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Cairo
Seasonal: Sharm El Sheikh[18]
Emirates Dubai–International
Eritrean Airlines Asmara
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Hajj: Al Ain[19]
Flyadeal Abha,[20] Dammam,[21] Gassim,[21] Riyadh, Tabuk[22]
FlyBosnia Sarajevo[23]
flydubai Dubai–International
FlyEgypt Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Sohag[24]
Flynas Abu Dhabi, Adana, Algiers, Amman–Queen Alia, Baghdad, Beirut, Dammam, Dubai–International, Erbil,[25] Hatay, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Jizan, Kano, Khartoum, Kuwait, Medina, Riyadh, Sharjah, Sharm El Sheikh, Tabuk, Yanbu[26]
Seasonal: Kozhikode,[27] Sarajevo,[28] Tbilisi
Charter: Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Kuala Lumpur–International
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Seasonal: Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Makassar, Medan, Padang, Surabaya, Surakarta/Solo
Hajj: Banjarmasin, Palembang
Gulf Air Bahrain
IndiGo Delhi (begins 25 July 2019),[29] Mumbai[30]
Iran Air Hajj: Bandar Abbas, Birjand, Bushehr, Goragan, Isfahan, Medina, Rasht, Shiraz, Urmia, Zahedan
Iraqi Airways Charter: Baghdad, Basra, Erbil, Najaf, Sulaimaniyah[31]
Jazeera Airways Kuwait City
Jet2.com Hajj: Leeds/Bradford, Manchester
Jubba Airways Hargeisa, Mogadishu
Kabo Air Hajj: Abuja, Kano
Kam Air Kabul,[32] Kandahar
Kuwait Airways Kuwait City
Libyan Airlines Seasonal: Benghazi, Tripoli–Mitiga
Libyan Wings Charter: Tripoli
Lion Air Seasonal: Balikpapan1,[33] Banda Aceh1,[33] Makassar, Padang1, Palembang1,[34] Pekanbaru1,[35] Surabaya, Surakarta/Solo
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International
Hajj: Alor Setar, Johor Bahru, Kuala Terengganu, Penang
Max Air Hajj: Kano
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Nesma Airlines Ha'il[36]
Nile Air Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Assiut,[37] Aswan,[37] Cairo, Luxor,[37] Sohag[37]
Nordwind Airlines Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Oman Air Muscat, Salalah
Pakistan International Airlines Faisalabad,[38] Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Multan, Peshawar, Sialkot
Hajj: Rahim Yar Khan, Quetta, Bahawalpur
Palestinian Airlines El Arish
Pegasus Airlines Seasonal: Trabzon[39]
Qeshm Airlines Hajj: Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Hajj: Rabat, Tangier
Royal Brunei Airlines Seasonal: Bandar Seri Begawan
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
SalamAir Muscat,[40] Salalah
Saudia Abha, Abu Dhabi, Addis Ababa, Al Ahsa, Al Baha, Al Jawf, Al Ula, Al Wajh, Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Algiers, Amman–Queen Alia, Ankara,[41] Arar, Athens (begins 28 October 2019),[42] Baghdad,[43] Bahrain, Bengaluru, Beirut, Bhopal, Bisha, Cairo, Casablanca, Chennai, Colombo, Dammam, Dawadmi, Delhi, Dhaka, Dubai–International, Erbil,[44] Frankfurt, Gassim, Geneva, Guangzhou, Gurayat, Ha'il, Hyderabad, Islamabad, Istanbul, Jizan, Kano, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Johannesburg–O.R. Tambo, Karachi, Khartoum, Kochi, Kozhikode,[45][46] Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuwait, Lahore, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Lucknow, Madrid, Malè, Manchester, Manila, Mauritius, Medan, Medina, Milan–Malpensa, Multan,[47] Mumbai, Munich, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, Najran, New York–JFK, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Port Sudan,[48] Qaisumah, Rafha, Riyadh, Rome–Fiumicino, Sharm El Sheikh, Sharurah, Singapore, Tabuk, Ta'if, Tunis, Turaif, Vienna, Wadi al-Dawasir, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Adana, Agadir, Ahwaz, Ahmedabad, Annaba, Batam, Constantine, Fes, Ghardaïa, Izmir, Málaga, Marrakech, Mashhad, Oran, Rabat, Surabaya, Tabriz, Tangier
SaudiGulf Airlines Dammam[49]
Scoot Singapore
SpiceJet Delhi (begins 31 July 2019),[50] Hyderabad,[51] Kozhikode,[52] Mumbai[53]
SriLankan Airlines Colombo
Sudan Airways Khartoum
Syrian Air Hajj: Damascus
Thai AirwaysHajj: Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Narathiwat, Krabi, Hat Yai
Tarco Airlines Khartoum
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul,[54] Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Hajj: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Bursa, Denizli, Diyarbakır, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Isparta, Izmir, Kayseri, Konya, Samsun, Sivas, Trabzon, Van
Utair Aviation Hajj: Magas, Kazan
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent[55]
Yemenia Aden

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Air France Cargo Dammam, Hong Kong, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
DHL International Aviation ME Bahrain
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa[56]
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Sharjah
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha (suspended)
Saudia Cargo Addis Ababa, Amsterdam, Brussels, Dammam, Dhaka, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Khartoum, Kozhikode, Maastricht, Lagos, Lucknow, Milan–Malpensa, Mumbai, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, New York–JFK,[57] N'Djamena, Riyadh, Shanghai–Pudong, Sharjah

Other facilitiesEdit

The General Authority of Civil Aviation has the GACA Hangar (Building 364) at the airport.[58]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On 11 July 1991, Nigeria Airways Flight 2120, a Douglas DC-8-61, suffered cabin pressure problems followed by a fire due to a failed landing gear. The pilots tried to return to the airport but failed to reach it and the plane crashed, killing all 247 passengers and 14 crew.[59]
  • On 1 March 2004, PIA Flight 2002, an Airbus A300B4-200, burst two tires whilst taking off. Fragments of the tire were ingested by the engines, causing the engines to catch fire and takeoff was aborted. Due to substantial damage to the engine and the left wing, the aircraft was written off. All 261 passengers and 12 crew survived.[60]
  • on 21 May 2018, an Onur Air-leased Airbus A330-200 (reg TC-OCH), operating as flight 3818 from Medina to Dhaka, was diverted to Jeddah after suffering a malfunction with the nose landing gear. It was forced to make a landing with no nose gear, and the remaining landing gear did not collapse. No injuries were reported.[61]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

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  20. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "flyadeal plans Abha launch in Feb 2018".
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  34. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Lion Air adds Boeing 737MAX service to Saudi Arabia from Oct 2017".
  35. ^ "Lion Air Buka Penerbangan Langsung dari Pekanbaru ke Madinah". 27 September 2017.
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  38. ^ Faisalabad,
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External linksEdit

  Media related to King Abdulaziz International Airport at Wikimedia Commons