Aden International Airport

Aden International Airport is an international airport in Aden, Yemen (IATA: ADE, ICAO: OYAA) and the oldest airport in the Arabian peninsula. Prior to its use as a civil air facility, the aerodrome was known as RAF Khormaksar, which opened in 1917 and closed as an RAF station in 1967. In the 1970s and 1980s it was both a civilian airport and a Soviet Air Force air base. It continues to be used for military purposes by the Yemeni Air Force.

Aden International Airport

مطار عدن الدولي
Plane on finals to Aden International Airport
Airport typePublic / Military
OperatorGovernment of Yemen
LocationAden, Yemen
Hub for Yemenia Airways
Elevation AMSL7 ft / 2 m
Coordinates12°49′46″N 045°01′44″E / 12.82944°N 45.02889°E / 12.82944; 45.02889
ADE is located in Yemen
Location within Yemen
Direction Length Surface
ft m
08/26 10,171 3,100 Asphalt
Source: World Aero Data[1]

History Edit

The airport was established on the former RAF Khormaksar, which opened in 1917 and closed as an RAF station in 1967. It later served as a Soviet Air Force station during the 1970s and 1980s. From 1971 until 1996 it was also the main hub of Alyemda Yemen Democratic Airlines. It is the second-largest airport in Yemen after Sana'a International Airport. The new terminal was built between 1983 and 1985, with a capacity of one million passengers a year. A major reconstruction and expansion of Aden International was completed in 2001, including a new runway that can handle large, long-haul aircraft.[citation needed] In 2000 the constructions at the new control tower and airport department building were completed. Plans to make that airport a regional cargo hub, with an "air cargo village" by 2004 appear to have failed. Although construction began in January 2003, by the end of the year the managing company had dissolved.

During the Yemeni Civil War in the Aftermath of the Houthi takeover in Yemen, the city of Aden including its airport became a battleground. The Battle of Aden Airport took place on 19 March 2015, with Houthi forces mounting an attack on the airport that was repelled by forces loyal to President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi. Operations were suspended for months, owing to bombing by the Saudi Air Force in Operation Decisive Storm.[citation needed]

On 22 July 2015, the airport was declared fit for operation again, as a Saudi plane carrying aid reportedly became the first plane to land in Aden in four months.[2] Two days later two more Saudi planes landed carrying the equipment needed to resume operations, to enable aid to be delivered to the embattled country.[3]

On 26 November 2015, the airport re-opened briefly for civilian air traffic after being closed for 10 months, with a Yemenia flight arriving from Amman-Queen Alia international Airport in Jordan.[4] Service for the next three months was sporadic, but at the end of February 2016 it was reported that the airport would reopen for ordinary commercial service after a few weeks of repairs.[5]

The blockade was reinstated on 21 February 2016.[6]

The blockade was lifted on 14 November 2017, when the first commercial flight has landed at Aden International Airport.[7][8] Flights were cancelled once again, for four days (28-31 January 2018), but resumed on 1 February 2018.[9][10]

Military usage Edit

The airport is also a Yemeni Air Force base. The base is home to the 128 Squadron Detachment. Aircraft attached to the squadron are mainly transport and attack helicopters (Ka27/28, Mi-8, Mi-14, Mi-17, Mi-24, Mi-171Sh).[citation needed]

Airlines and destinations Edit

Air Djibouti[11] Djibouti
Royal Jordanian[12] Amman–Queen Alia
Yemenia[13] Addis Ababa, Al Ghaydah,[14] Amman–Queen Alia, Cairo, Djibouti, Jeddah, Mukalla, Mumbai, Riyadh, Seiyun, Socotra

Accidents and incidents Edit

  • On 10 April 1969, an Ethiopian Airlines Douglas C-47A landed at Aden after being hijacked by men of the Eritrean Liberation Front. One hijacker was shot by an air marshal before being arrested by Yemen police.[15]
  • On 22 February 1972, hijacked Lufthansa Flight 649, a Boeing 747-200, was diverted to the airport. Once a ransom of $5 million was paid, all 187 hostages were released on the following day.[16]
  • On 19 March 1972, EgyptAir Flight 763 crashed while on approach to Aden International. All 30 passengers and crew on board were killed.
  • On 16 October 1977, the hijacked Lufthansa Flight 181 performed a fuel stop on its way to Mogadishu despite an attempt to prevent it landing by airport personnel. The captain of the flight was murdered by the lead hijacker in Aden.
  • On 1 March 1977, Douglas C-47A 7O-ABF of Alyemda crashed into the Red Sea shortly after take-off. The aircraft was on a scheduled passenger flight. All 19 people on board were killed.[17]
  • On 1 April 1992, Ethiopian Airlines Flight 637 was hijacked and landed at Aden International. The hijacker, an Ethiopian seeking asylum, released the passengers.[18]
  • On 19 March 2015, more than 100 people were evacuated from a Yemenia aircraft that had been scheduled to fly to Cairo, when a battle over the airport broke out between rival elements of the Yemen Army, forcing a temporary closure.[19] A Boeing 747 used as a presidential aircraft was also damaged by gunfire during the fighting.[20]
  • On 30 December 2020, a plane carrying members of the newly formed Yemeni government, landed at the Aden International Airport from Saudi Arabia. During the plane's landing, bombs exploded at the airport and gunmen then opened fire. 25 people were killed and 110 others were wounded to date.[21] Prime Minister Maeen Abdulmalik Saeed, the Saudi ambassador and the rest of the government's members, who were on the plane, were taken to safety.[22] The Houthis were blamed for the attack, but the group denied responsibility.[23]
  • On 30 October 2021, 12 civilians were killed in a bomb blast near the airport.[24]
  • On 25 July 2023, A severe thunderstorm blew through the glass facade of the airport's terminal, wounding 11 passengers, damaging 2 planes and forcing airlines to cancel two flights.[25][26][27]

References Edit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ "Airport information for OYAA". World Aero Data. Archived from the original on 5 March 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link) Data current as of October 2006.
  2. ^ "Aden Airport ready to operate". Yemen Times. 22 July 2015. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Saudis land in Aden with equipment to re-open airport: Arabiya TV". Reuters. Reuters. 24 July 2015. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Aden airport opens for civilian traffic". 26 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Aden airport to reopen fully for commercial traffic within weeks". Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  6. ^ "Yemenia - Yemen Airways". Yemenia - Yemen Airways. Archived from the original on 14 August 2020. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Aden airport receives first commercial flight after Yemen blockade". Reuters Editorial. 14 November 2017.
  8. ^ "Saudi-led coalition allows Yemen's Aden airport to resume daily flights - Xinhua -". Archived from the original on 7 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Yemen Airways resumes Aden flights". wam. 2 January 2018. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Yemen Airways to resume flights to and from Aden airport today".
  11. ^ "Home – Air Djibouti". Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Royal Jordanian Plans to Resume Yemen Service in 2Q23". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 28 November 2022.
  13. ^ "Schedule". 3 August 2022.
  14. ^ "Yemenia Adds Mukalla – Al Ghaydah Sector From July 2023". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  15. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  16. ^ "On This Day—23 February 1972: Hijackers surrender and free Lufthansa crew". BBC. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
  17. ^ "7O-ABF Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  18. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
  19. ^ "Clashes in southern Yemeni city force closure of airport". Deccan Chronicle. 19 March 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
  20. ^ Hendawi, Hamza (19 March 2015). "Aden, Yemen airport attack triggers intense gunbattle, airstrikes". The Star. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
  21. ^ "Yemen war: Deadly attack at Aden airport as new government arrives". BBC News. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  22. ^ Magdy | AP, Ahmed Al-Haj and Samy. "Yemeni officials: Blast at Aden airport kills 25, wounds 110". Archived from the original on 31 December 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020 – via{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  23. ^ "Yemens Information Minister -Muammar al-Iryani, accuses Houthi Rebels for Blasts that hit Yemens Aden airport". The Indian Subcontinent. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  24. ^ "Yemen: bomb blast near Aden airport kills at least 12 civilians". the Guardian. Agence France-Presse. 30 October 2021. Retrieved 30 October 2021.
  25. ^ Fatima, Sakina (25 July 2023). "Yemen: 11 passengers injured as storm shatters glass wall at Aden airport". The Siasat Daily. Retrieved 27 July 2023.
  26. ^ Mahmood, Ali (24 July 2023). "Powerful storm at Yemen's Aden airport injures six". The National. Retrieved 27 July 2023.
  27. ^ "Yemen storm destroys airport facade, wounding six". Arab News. 25 July 2023. Retrieved 27 July 2023.

External links Edit

  Media related to Aden International Airport at Wikimedia Commons