Vienna International Airport

Vienna International Airport (German: Flughafen Wien-Schwechat, Slovak: Letisko Viedeň-Schwechat; IATA: VIE, ICAO: LOWW) is the international airport of Vienna, the capital of Austria, located in Schwechat, 18 km (11 mi) southeast of central Vienna and 57 kilometres (35 mi) west of Bratislava. It is the country's largest airport and serves as the hub for Austrian Airlines and Eurowings Europe as well as a base for low-cost carriers Lauda, Wizz Air and Ryanair. It is capable of handling wide-body aircraft up to the Airbus A380. The airport features a dense network of European destinations as well as long-haul flights to Asia, North America and Africa. In 2018, the airport handled 27 million passengers, a 10.8% increase compared to 2017.[2]

Vienna International Airport

Flughafen Wien-Schwechat
Letisko Viedeň-Schwechat
Vienna International Airport Logo.svg
2011-06-14 10-23-56 Austria Niederösterreich Fischamend Markt.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorFlughafen Wien AG
ServesVienna, Austria and
Bratislava, Slovakia
LocationSchwechat, Austria
Hub forAustrian Airlines
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL183 m / 600 ft
Coordinates48°06′39″N 016°34′15″E / 48.11083°N 16.57083°E / 48.11083; 16.57083Coordinates: 48°06′39″N 016°34′15″E / 48.11083°N 16.57083°E / 48.11083; 16.57083
Websiteviennaairport.com
Maps
Airport map
Airport map
VIE is located in Austria
VIE
VIE
Location within Austria
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11/29 3,500 11,483 Asphalt
16/34 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passengers31,662,189 Increase 17.1%
Aircraft movements266,802 Increase 10.7%
Freight (including
road feeder service,
metric tons)
283,806 Decrease 3,9%
Source: Flughafen Wien AG[1]

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

Originally built as a military airport in 1938, and used during World War II as the Heinkel firm's southern military aircraft design and production complex, or Heinkel-Süd facility, it was taken over by the British in 1945 and became RAF Schwechat under the occupation of the country. In 1954, the Betriebsgesellschaft was founded, and the airport replaced Aspern as Vienna's (and Austria's) principal aerodrome. There was just one runway, which in 1959 was expanded to measure 3,000 m (9,843 ft). The erection of the new airport building starting in 1959.[citation needed]

In 1972, another runway was built. In 1982 the airport was connected to the national motorway network (Ostautobahn). In 1986 the enlarged arrivals hall was opened, and in 1988 Pier East with 8 jetbridges.[citation needed]

On 27 December 1985, the El Al ticket counter was attacked by Abu Nidal, a Palestinian terrorist organization that simultaneously conducted a terrorist attack at Fiumicino Airport in Rome.[3]

Flughafen Wien AG [de], one of the few publicly traded airport operators in Europe, was privatised in 1992. The state of Lower Austria and the City of Vienna each hold 20% of the shares, the private employee participation foundation holds 10%, with the remaining 50% held privately.[4] The shares are part of the Austrian Traded Index.[citation needed]

In 1992, the new Terminal 1 was opened and a year later the shopping area around the plaza in the transit area of the B, C and D gates. In 1996 Pier West with 12 jetbridges got in operation.[citation needed]

Development since the 2000sEdit

In 2006, the 109 m (358 ft) tall control tower started operating. It allows a free overview of the entire airport area and offers a night laser show, which should welcome the passengers even from the aircraft. From 2004–2007, an Office Park had been erected offering 69,000 m2 (740,000 sq ft) of rentable space. A VIP- and general aviation-terminal, including a separated apron, opened in 2006.[citation needed]

To accommodate future growth, in 1998 Vienna Airport published a master plan that outlined expansion projects until 2015. These projects included a new office park, railway station, cargo center, general aviation center, air traffic control tower, terminal, and runway. Additionally, the plan called for streamlined security control.[5] The centerpiece of the enlargement was the new terminal, dubbed Skylink during its construction. In 2002, the airport's management estimated that building the new terminal will cost 401.79 million.[6] However, costs skyrocketed and in 2009 stood at an estimated 929.5 million.[6] The Austrian Court of Audit then recommended that the airport implement several cost-savings measures, which in the Court's estimate brought down final costs to 849.15 million, still more than double the original plans.[6]

On June 5, 2012, the new Austrian Star Alliance Terminal (Terminal 3, named Skylink during its construction) was opened, which enables the airport to handle up to 30 million passengers per year.[7] Construction started in 2004 and was suspended due to projected cost increases in 2009, but resumed in 2010. The maximum planned costs totaled less than €770 million.[8] Following concerns over the mismanagement of the Skylink project, chief executive Herbert Kaufman agreed to resign at the end of December 2010.[9] The new building with its North Pier has 17 jetbridges and makes the airport capable of handling more aircraft, although the new terminal is not able to handle Airbus A380 aircraft. However, the older Concourse D will see an upgrade to accommodate the A380.[10]

TerminalsEdit

 
Concourse D seen from the tower
 
Aerial view of the airport

The airport has four terminal buildings named Terminal 1, 2 and 3 which are directly built against each other as well as the additional Terminal 1A located opposite Terminal 1. Terminals 1, 2 and 3 connect to the five concourses. The central arrivals hall for all terminal areas is located in Terminal 3.[11]

TerminalsEdit

ConcoursesEdit

  • Concourse B is in the basement of Concourse C and features Gates B31–B42 (boarding by buses) for Schengen destinations
  • Concourse C (pier west) for Schengen destinations; features Gates C31–C42 (jetbridges), C71–C75 (buses, Schengen only)
  • Concourse D (pier east; formerly Concourse A) for non-Schengen destinations with shared passport control at the entrance of pier east; features Gates D21–D29 (boarding via jetbridges), D31–D37 (boarding via buses), D61–D70 (buses). Concourse D will be refurbished and equipped to handle the Airbus A380 as part of the refurbishment programme announced in March 2016.[10]
  • Concourse F (Level 1 of pier north) is used for Schengen destinations and consists of Gates F01-F37 (jetbridges and buses)
  • Concourse G (Level 3 and basement of pier north) for non-Schengen destinations; shared passport control at the entrance of Level 3; features Gates G01-G37 (jetbridges and busgates) and G61-67 (boarding via buses)

LoungesEdit

  • Terminal 1A - no lounge facilities, only check-in counters
  • Terminal 2 - under refurbishment

Expansion projectsEdit

Vienna Airport originally projected that it would need a third runway by 2012, or 2016 at the latest, in the event of cooperation with nearby Bratislava Airport.[5] It currently projects that a third runway will be necessary by 2025,[12] however, environmental organizations and some local communities oppose construction.[13] These groups have attacked the decision of Lower Austria (the state in which the airport is located) to move ahead with the first phase of construction; verdict from the administrative court that has taken up the lawsuit was expected later in 2015.[14] As of September 2016, there were ongoing public protests while as no legal decision had been made.[15] On 28 March 2018, the Austrian Federal Administrative Court ruled in favour of a third runway, a decision that may be appealed by opponents within six weeks.[16][17]

The third runway is planned to be parallel to and south of the existing runway 11/29. It will be designated 11R/29L, with the existing runway being renamed 11L/29R. The new runway is planned to be 3680 m long and 60 m wide, and equipped with a category III instrument landing system in one direction (29L).[18]

In July 2019, the refurbishment of Terminal 2 started. Terminal 2 is planned to reopen in the end of 2020. Once Terminal 2 has been reopened, Concourse D will be closed for refurbishment at the beginning of 2021, it is expected to open again in 2023. In addition to that, a completely new building will be built. It will connect the existing pier east and pier north. The so called T3 Southern Enlargement will be offering 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) of leisure area and new additional bus gates. Opening is set for 2023.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Vienna International Airport:[19]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Algerie Algiers
Air Arabia[20] Sharjah
Air Arabia Maroc Marrakesh
airBaltic Riga, Tallinn
Air Cairo Seasonal charter: Sharm El Sheikh[21]
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air India Delhi
Air Malta Catania,[22] Malta
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Serbia Belgrade, Kraljevo
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda
AnadoluJet Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen[23]
Austrian Airlines[24] Amman–Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Athens, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing–Capital, Belgrade, Berlin–Tegel, Birmingham, Bologna, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cairo, Chicago–O'Hare, Chișinău, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dnipropetrowsk, Düsseldorf, Erbil, Frankfurt, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Graz, Hamburg, Iași, Innsbruck, Kiev–Boryspil, Klagenfurt, Košice, Kraków, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle, London–Heathrow, Lviv, Lyon, Manchester, Marrakesh, Milan–Malpensa, Minsk, Montréal–Trudeau, Moscow–Domodedovo, Munich, Naples, Newark, New York–JFK, Nice, Nuremberg, Odessa, Oslo–Gardermoen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Podgorica, Prague, Pristina, Rome–Fiumicino, Sarajevo, Shanghai–Pudong, Sibiu, Skopje, Sofia, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Tokyo–Narita, Varna, Venice, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Yerevan, Zagreb, Zurich
Seasonal: Antalya, Bari, Bodrum, Brindisi, Cagliari, Cape Town, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Florence, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gothenburg, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kalamata, Karpathos, Kavala, Kefalonia, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Los Angeles, Menorca, Mykonos, Mytilene, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Preveza/Lefkada, Reykjavík–Keflávik, Rhodes, Saint Petersburg, Samos, Santorini, Skiathos, Split, Volos, Zadar, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Hurghada,[25] Malé,[25] Marsa Alam[25] Mauritius[25]
Belavia Minsk[26]
BH Air Seasonal charter: Burgas
Blue Islands Seasonal charter: Jersey[27]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Seasonal: London–Gatwick
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Urumqi[28]
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya,[29] Bodrum,[30] İzmir[31]
Corendon Airlines Europe Seasonal: Hurghada[32]
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Split
Czech Airlines Seasonal charter: Brač
easyJet Amsterdam, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin–Schönefeld, Berlin–Tegel, Bristol, Edinburgh, London–Gatwick, Lyon, Manchester, Naples
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Tbilisi, Yerevan
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi (begins 25 October 2020)[33][34]
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Eurowings Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Hannover, Lanzarote, Málaga, Marsa Alam, Pristina, Stuttgart, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Bastia, Brindisi, Calvi, Chania, Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kavala, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Mytilene, Nice, Olbia, Pisa, Porto, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini
EVA Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Taipei–Taoyuan
Finnair Helsinki
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Hurghada[21]
Flynas Seasonal: Riyadh[35]
Georgian Airways Tbilisi
Hainan Airlines Shenzhen[36]
Iberia Madrid
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Jet2.com Seasonal: Birmingham, Edinburgh, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Seasonal: Kuwait City
Lauda Tel Aviv[37]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo–Gardermoen
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Izmir, Kayseri
People's St. Gallen/Altenrhein
Qatar Airways Doha
Rossiya Saint Petersburg
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca[38]
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair[39][37] Alicante, Athens, Banja Luka (begins 26 October 2020),[37] Barcelona, Beauvais, Beirut, Bergamo, Billund, Birmingham, Bologna, Bordeaux, Brindisi, Bristol, Bucharest, Catania, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dortmund, Dublin, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Faro, Gothenburg, Helsinki, Kherson (begins 26 October 2020),[37] Kiev–Boryspil, Lanzarote, Lappeenranta, Larnaca, Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Milan–Malpensa, Münster/Osnabrück, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Riga, Rome–Fiumicino, Sandefjord, Santander, Seville, Sofia, Stockholm–Skavsta, Tallinn, Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki, Valencia, Vilnius, Warsaw–Modlin, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Alghero, Bari, Burgas, Cagliari, Chania, Corfu, Fuerteventura, Gdańsk, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kalamata, Kefalonia, Kos, Marrakesh, Mykonos, Naples, Paphos, Preveza/Lefkada, Rhodes, Santorini, Shannon, Skiathos, Varna, Zadar, Zakynthos
Saudia Jeddah
Seasonal: Riyadh[40]
Smartwings Seasonal charter: Boa Vista,[41] Gran Canaria,[42] Sal[41]
SunExpress[43] Antalya, Izmir
Seasonal: Adana,[44] Ankara, Dalaman[45]
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Transavia Rotterdam
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul
Seasonal: Gaziantep, Izmir, Kayseri, Samsun
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
Utair Moscow–Vnukovo,[46] Ufa[47]
Volotea Nantes
Seasonal: Bilbao
Vueling Barcelona, Florence
Wings of Lebanon Seasonal charter: Beirut[48]
Wizz Air[49][50][51] Athens, Alicante, Barcelona, Bari, Billund, Burgas, Bremen, Bucharest, Catania, Charleroi, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Cologne/Bonn, Constanta, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Faro, Kharkiv, Kiev–Zhuliany, Kutaisi, Larnaca, Lisbon, London–Luton, Madrid, Málaga, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Nice, Niš, Ohrid, Oslo–Gardermoen, Palma de Mallorca (begins 6 August 2020),[52] Podgorica, Porto, Pristina, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Rome–Fiumicino, Stockholm–Skavsta, Suceava, Tallinn, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Valencia, Varna, Warsaw–Chopin, Yerevan, Zaporizhia
Seasonal: Alghero, Castellón, Corfu, Eilat, Gdańsk, Heraklion, Malta, Marrakech (begins 27 October 2020),[51] Menorca, Mykonos (begins 11 August 2020),[53] Rhodes, Santorini, Tuzla, Zakynthos

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Asiana Cargo[54]Seoul–Incheon
Cargolux[55]Luxembourg
Korean Air Cargo[56]Delhi, Frankfurt, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Oslo–Gardermoen, Seoul–Incheon
Silk Way Airlines[57]Baku
Turkish Cargo[58]Istanbul–Atatürk, Minsk
UPS Airlines[59]Budapest, Cologne/Bonn

StatisticsEdit

Traffic figuresEdit

 
Interior of Terminal 1
 
Interior of Terminal 1A
 
Interior of Terminal 3
 
Empty entrance area of Terminal 1 in the wake of the corona crisis
 
View of the airport
 
Control tower
Traffic by calendar year. Official ACI statistics.
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Change from previous year Cargo
(including road feeder service,
metric tons)
Change from previous year
2005 15,859,050   7.26% 252,988   3.42% 180,066  13.77%
2006 16,855,725   6.28% 260,846   3.11% 201,870  12.11%
2007 18,768,468  11.35% 280,912   7.69% 205,024   1.56%
2008 19,747,289   5.22% 292,740   4.21% 201,364   1.79%
2009 18,114,103   8.27% 261,758  10.58% 198,407   1.47%
2010 19,691,206   8.71% 265,150   1.30% 231,824  16.84%
2011 21,106,292   7.19% 266,865   0.65% 291,313  25.66%
2012 22,195,794   5.02% 264,542   0.87% 265,467   8.89%
2013 21,999,926   0.75% 250,224   5.41% 268,155   1.03%
2014 22,483,158   2.20% 249,989   0.09% 290,116   8.19%
2015 22,775,054   1.30% 226,811   1.70% 272,575   1.80%
2016 23,352,016   2.50% 226,395   0.20% 282,726   3.70%
2017 24,392,805   4.50% 224,568   0.80% 287,692   1.90%
2018 27,037,292   10.80% 241,004   7.30% 295,427   2.60%
2019 31,662,189   17.10% 266,802   10.70% 283,806   3.90%
Source: Airports Council International. World Airport Traffic Reports
(Years 2005,[60] 2006,[61] 2007,[62] 2009,[63] 2011,[64] 2012,[65] 2013,[66] and 2014[67])

Vienna International Airport Traffic Reports
(Years 2015,[68] 2016,[69] 2017[70] 2018[71] 2019[72])

Busiest routesEdit

Busiest routes at Vienna Airport (2019)[73]
Rank Destination Passengers Rank Destination Passengers
1   Frankfurt 1,109,585 11   Tel Aviv 596,989
2   Berlin–Tegel 966,659 12   Madrid 564,199
3   Paris–Charles de Gaulle 944,404 13   Rome–Fiumicino 558,401
4   Amsterdam 943,705 14   Stuttgart 556,925
5   Zürich 940,410 15   Munich 531,507
6   London–Heathrow 833,930 16   Palma de Mallorca 479,402
7   Düsseldorf 771,175 17   Copenhagen 455,575
8   Hamburg 720,332 18   Brussels 454,019
9   Barcelona 640,052 19   Milan–Malpensa 447,270
10   Bucharest 634,044 20   Dubai–International 415,169


Busiest intercontinental routes at Vienna Airport (2019)[73]
Rank Airport Passengers Operating airlines
1   Tel Aviv 596,989 Austrian Airlines, El Al, Wizz Air, Lauda, Malta Air
2   Dubai–International 415,169 Emirates
3   Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi 340,639 Austrian Airlines, EVA Air, Thai Airways
4   Taipei–Taoyuan 301,982 China Airlines, EVA Air
5   Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen 299,778 Pegasus Airlines, AnadoluJet
6   Antalya 273,000 Austrian Airlines, SunExpress, Lauda, Corendon Airlines
7   Doha 228,502 Qatar Airways
8   Chicago–O'Hare 163,006 Austrian Airlines
9   Toronto–Pearson 152,583 Air Canada
10   Cairo 147,210 Austrian Airlines, EgyptAir
11   Beijing–Capital 147,021 Austrian Airlines
12   Shanghai–Pudong 136,528 Austrian Airlines
13   Newark 134,170 Austrian Airlines
14   New York–JFK 126,844 Austrian Airlines
15   Hurghada 119,418 Austrian Airlines, FlyEgypt, Corendon Airlines Europe
16   Washington–Dulles 116,269 Austrian Airlines
17   Tokyo–Haneda 114,961 All Nippon Airways
18   Tehran 114,373 Austrian Airlines, IranAir
19   Los Angeles 111,709 Austrian Airlines
20   Tokyo–Narita 105,207 Austrian Airlines
21   Amman–Queen Alia 99,615 Austrian Airlines, Royal Jordanian
22   Seoul–Incheon 87,715 Korean Air
23   Montréal–Trudeau 87,715 Austrian Airlines
24   Delhi 81,250 Air India
25   Addis Ababa 80,490 Ethiopian Airlines

Ground transportationEdit

TrainEdit

 
The airport's railway station

The Vienna S-Bahn line S7 provides a local service to the city centre taking approx. 25 minutes.[74] The more expensive City Airport Train connects the airport directly to Wien Mitte railway station, close to the city centre, in 16 minutes.[75]

Additionally, the underground railway station has been expanded to accommodate long-distance trains. Since December 2014, the first trains passing Vienna's new main station, ICE services from Germany, terminate at the airport. Since December 2015, ÖBB Railjet services operate to the airport as well. Long-distance train rides between the airport and the main station take approx. 15 minutes.

CarEdit

The airport lies directly adjacent to motorway A4 which leads from central Vienna to Budapest. It has its own exit named Flughafen Wien-Schwechat. Bratislava can be reached via motorway A6 which splits from the A4 in the east. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport. There are also several taxi companies that operate at the airport.

BusEdit

Buses operate from the airport to various places in Vienna and to other cities including Bratislava, Budapest and Brno.[76][77]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • In 1955, a Convair CV-340 crashed on approach to the airport, killing 7 of the 29 passengers and crew on board. This is the last fatal aviation accident to occur at Wien-Schwechat Airport.[78]
  • On 27 December 1985, terrorist attacks were carried out at Vienna and Rome Airports. Arab terrorists attacked the airports with assault rifles and hand grenades. In the Vienna attack three people were killed and 44 others were wounded. One terrorist was killed and two captured by police and security guards.[79]
  • On 12 July 2000, Hapag-Lloyd Flight 3378 crashed short of the runway at the airport on the final approach of its diverted flight due to fuel exhaustion. There were no fatalities, but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.[80]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "Strong Growth in 2018: Flughafen Wien Group Achieves the Highest Passenger Volume in Its History with 34.4 Million Passengers (+11.3%), Vienna Airport Surpasses Threshold of 27 Million for the First Time" (Press release). Vienna International Airport. 22 January 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  3. ^ nytimes.com - IN VIENNA, PANIC IN MIDDLE OF SHOOTING AND GRENADES retrieved 14 December 2017
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  35. ^ "Flynas nimmt Kurs auf Wien".
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External linksEdit

  Media related to Vienna International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
  Vienna International Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage