Milan Malpensa "Silvio Berlusconi" Airport (IATA: MXP, ICAO: LIMC)[3][4] is an international airport in Ferno, in the Province of Varese, Lombardy, Italy. It is the largest airport in northern Italy, serving Lombardy, Piedmont and Liguria, as well as the Swiss canton of Ticino. The airport is located 49 kilometres (30 mi) northwest of Milan,[5] next to the Ticino river dividing Lombardy and Piedmont. The airport is located inside the Parco naturale lombardo della Valle del Ticino, a nature reserve included by UNESCO in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves.[6][7] The airport was opened in 1909 by Giovanni Agusta and Gianni Caproni to test their aircraft prototypes, before switching to civil operation in 1948.

Milan Malpensa Airport

Aeroporto internazionale di Milano Malpensa
"Silvio Berlusconi"
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerSEA S.p.A
OperatorSEA Aeroporti di Milano
ServesMilan metropolitan area
LocationFerno, Varese, Italy
Opened21 November 1948; 75 years ago (1948-11-21)
Hub for
Focus city forAmazon Air
Operating base for
Built27 May 1910; 114 years ago (1910-05-27)
Elevation AMSL767 ft / 234 m
Coordinates45°37′48″N 8°43′23″E / 45.63000°N 8.72306°E / 45.63000; 8.72306
Websitewww.milanomalpensa-airport.com
Map
MXP is located in Lombardy
MXP
MXP
Location within Northern Italy
MXP is located in Italy
MXP
MXP
MXP (Italy)
MXP is located in Europe
MXP
MXP
MXP (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17L/35R 3,920 12,861 Asphalt
17R/35L 3,920 12,861 Asphalt
Statistics (2023)
Passengers26.1 millions
Passenger change 22–23Increase 20%
Aircraft movements186,626
Movements change 21–22Increase 57.7%
Cargo tons721,255
Cargo change 21–22Decrease -3.5%
Statistics from Assaeroporti [2]

Malpensa Airport is 9th in the world and 6th in Europe for the number of countries served with direct scheduled flights.[8] In 2022, Malpensa Airport handled 21.3 million passengers and was the 23rd busiest airport in Europe in terms of passengers and 2nd busiest airport in Italy in terms of passengers after Rome Fiumicino Airport.[9] It is the busiest airport in Italy for freight and cargo, handling 721,254 tons of international freight annually (2022).

Together with Linate Airport and Bergamo Airport, it forms the Milan airport system with 42.2 million passengers in 2022, the largest airport system in Italy by number of passengers.[10]

History

 
Control tower with the Italian Alps visible in the background
 
Apron view
 
An easyJet Airbus A319-100 landing at Malpensa with the Alps visible in the background.
 
Interior of Terminal 1.

Early years

The site of today's Malpensa Airport has seen aviation activities for more than 100 years. The first began on 27 May 1910, when the Caproni brothers flew their "flying machine", the Cal biplane. In the years that followed, many aircraft prototypes took off from the same site; eventually, it was decided to upgrade the farming patch to a more formal airfield. Both Gianni Caproni and Giovanni Agusta established factories on the new site; the airfield soon developed into the largest aircraft production centre in Italy.

During the 1920s and 1930s, the airfield hosted two squadrons of the Regia Aeronautica Italiana (Italian Air Force). In September 1943, Malpensa airfield was taken over by Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe when northern Italy was invaded by Adolf Hitler. Soon after their arrival, the Germans laid the airfield's first concrete runway.

After the cessation of hostilities during the Second World War, manufacturers and politicians of the Milan and Varese regions, led by banker Benigno Ajroldi of Banca Alto Milanese, restored the airfield. They aimed to make it an industrial fulcrum for the post-war recovery of Italy. The main runway, heavily damaged by German troops as they retreated from northern Italy, was rebuilt and extended to 1,800 m (5,900 ft). A small wooden terminal was constructed to protect goods and passengers from bad weather.

After World War II

Malpensa Airport officially commenced commercial operations on 21 November 1948 as Aeroporto Città di Busto Arsizio, although the Belgian national flag-carrier Sabena had started flying to Brussels from here a year earlier. On 2 February 1950 Trans World Airlines (TWA) became the first company to fly long-haul flights from Malpensa, using Lockheed Constellations on their services to New York Idlewild Airport (now JFK).

A change of ownership occurred in 1952 when the Municipality of Milan took control of the airport's operator, the Società Aeroporto di Busto Arsizio. The operator's name was subsequently changed to Società Esercizi Aeroportuali SpA [it] (SEA). After assuming full control, SEA decided to develop Malpensa as an international and intercontinental gateway, whereas Milan's other airport, Linate Airport, would be tasked with handling only domestic services.

Between 1958 and 1962 a new terminal arrived at Malpensa and the airport's two parallel runways were extended to 3,915 m (12,844 ft), becoming the longest in Europe at that time. By the early 1960s, however, major European carriers such as British Airways, Air France, Lufthansa and Alitalia had moved the majority of their services to Linate Airport, which is just 11 km (6.8 mi) east of Milan's city centre, making it much easier for passengers to reach central Milan. This left Malpensa with just a handful of intercontinental links, charter flights and cargo operations. Malpensa suffered a decline in commercial traffic, with passenger numbers dropping from 525,000 in 1960 to just 331,000 by 1965. It was destined to play second fiddle to Linate Airport for another 20 years.

Expansion and development (1995–1998)

By the mid-1980s Linate Airport was handling seven million passengers per year and, with only a short single runway and limited parking slots, had reached its saturation point. With no available land nearby for expansion, an alternative solution was sought: Società Esercizi Aeroportuali SpA (SEA) quickly found that developing Malpensa was the only practical alternative.

By the end of 1985, a law had been passed by the Italian Parliament that paved the way for the reorganisation of the Milan airport system. Malpensa was designated as the centre for all services covering northern Italy, while Linate Airport was downgraded to a domestic and short-haul facility. "Malpensa 2000", as the plan was called, included the construction of a new terminal as well as the development of fast, efficient connections to Milan's city centre. The European Union recognised this project as one of the 14 "Essential to the Development of the Union" and provided €200 million to help finance the work. Construction started in November 1990; Malpensa airport was re-opened eight years later.

Alitalia's main hub (1998–2008)

During the night of 24/25 October 1998, Alitalia moved the majority of its fleet from Rome Fiumicino Airport – where it had been flying from for over 50 years – to Malpensa Airport. The airport started a new lease of life as the Italian flag carrier's main hub. Alitalia added up to 488 movements and 42,000 passengers a day at the facility which, by the end of 1998, had handled 5.92 million passengers (an increase of more than two million over the previous year's figure).

In 1999, it recorded a spectacular leap to 16.97 million and, by 2007, passenger numbers had reached 23.9 million. Efficient rail links from two different stations in Milan (Centrale and Cadorna stations) ensured easy access by railway, whereas the nearby A8 motorway had an extra lane added in each direction to help speed up traffic into and out of the city centre.

Before 2001, ground handling services at Malpensa were shared by the SEA (airport's operator) and Trans-World Airlines. Since then, the contracting process has gradually been deregulated. In 2000, airport security services at Malpensa were transferred from the Polizia di Stato (State Police) to SEA's internal division, SEA Airport Security. Up to 2002, SEA was assisted by IVRI in providing security services, but the contract was not renewed after its expiry. Nevertheless, SEA Airport Security is supervised by the Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police), Guardia di Finanza (Italian Military Customs Police) and Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile (Italy's Civil Aviation Authority), whereas the Carabinieri (Italian Military Police) supervises ramp entrance.[citation needed]

Ramp services are provided by SEA Handling, ATA and, more recently, Aviapartner. SEA Handling provided 80% of the ramp services at Malpensa Airport due to its major customer, Alitalia. In May 2006, however, Italy's Civil Aviation Authority took off the limitation of two ramp handlers.

In 2008, a new development plan was launched by Società Esercizi Aeroportuali SpA (SEA), valued at €1.4 billion, to include a third pier for Terminal 1 and the construction of a third runway. In a surprise move, however, Alitalia announced its decision to revert to Rome Fiumicino Airport as its main hub, due to 'high operating costs' at Malpensa Airport. Alitalia did not pull out of Malpensa altogether and continued to fly several domestic and European services from Milan and two intercontinental flights (to New York–JFK and Tokyo–Narita). However, Malpensa lost around 20% of its daily movements, a decrease from 700 to 550, which resulted in only 19.2 million passengers passing through in 2008. The airport continued to suffer during 2009 when the international financial crisis and higher fuel prices caused a reduction to only 17.6 million passengers that year.

2010s

Responding to Alitalia's pullout, the operator SEA launched an all-out publicity programme and aggressively marketed Malpensa Airport around the world. As a result, from 2008 to 2011, a total of 34 new passenger and cargo routes were added to Malpensa's network.

The low-cost carrier EasyJet made Malpensa its main base after London Gatwick, with more than 20 of its Airbus A319s and Airbus A320s based there. The airline currently flies services from Malpensa to more than 70 destinations in Italy and across Europe.[11] Competitor Ryanair confirmed plans to open an operating base at Malpensa from December 2015, initially with one aircraft.[12]

In 2014, a contract was awarded for the extension of the railway line from Terminal 1 to Terminal 2. The line was opened in December 2016.[13] The new Malpensa Terminal 2 railway station is 200 m (660 ft) north of the T2 arrivals hall, that is accessed by an outdoor covered walkway.[14]

2020s

On 5 July 2024, Italian minister of infrastructure and transport Matteo Salvini announced that Malpensa Airport would officially be named after former prime minister Silvio Berlusconi, following ENAC's approval of a request by the regional government of Lombardy from 2023.[15] ENAC officially changed the name to Aeroporto internazionale Milano Malpensa "Silvio Berlusconi" on 11 July 2024.[16]

Terminals

Malpensa Airport has two passenger terminals and they are connected by free airport shuttle buses and trains.[17]

Terminal 1

Terminal 1, which opened in 1998, is the newer,[18] larger and more prominent terminal. The terminal is divided into three sections and handles most passengers on scheduled as well as charter flights:

  • Concourse A handles domestic and intra-Schengen flights.
  • Concourse B handles non-Schengen and intercontinental flights.
  • Concourse C (B2), opened in January 2012, handles non-Schengen, intercontinental flights and security-sensitive flights to the USA and Israel.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 is the older terminal.[18] It was previously used exclusively by easyJet, but was closed in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[19] It reopened on 31 May 2023. All charter services, which were previously based in this terminal, moved to Terminal 1 upon its opening, making easyJet its sole tenant.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

The following airlines operate regular scheduled, seasonal and charter flights to and from Malpensa:[20]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Dublin
Air Albania Tirana
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Cairo Cairo, Sharm El Sheikh
Seasonal: Hurghada, Luxor
Air Canada Montreal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu–Tianfu,[21] Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou
Air Corsica Seasonal: Calvi, Figari[22]
Air Dolomiti Frankfurt, Munich
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Horizont Seasonal charter: Lampedusa,[23] Olbia,[24] Sharm El Sheikh
Air India Delhi
Air Senegal Dakar–Diass
Air Serbia Belgrade
airBaltic Riga
AlbaStar Seasonal charter: Marsa Alam, Sharm El Sheikh
American Airlines New York–JFK
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku
Azores Airlines Seasonal: Ponta Delgada[25]
BeOnd Malé[26]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia[27]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong[28]
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Split
Cyprus Airways Larnaca
Delta Air Lines New York–JFK
Seasonal: Atlanta[29]
easyJet A Coruña, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Birmingham, Bordeaux, Brindisi, Bristol, Cagliari, Catania, Comiso,[30] Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Fuerteventura, Hurghada, Lamezia Terme, Lanzarote, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Luxembourg, Málaga, Marsa Alam, Manchester, Marrakesh, Munich, Nantes, Naples, Olbia, Oslo (begins 27 October 2024),[31] Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Porto, Prague, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Salerno (begins 11 July 2024),[32] Sharm El Sheikh, Tel Aviv (resumes 27 October 2024),[33] Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Beauvais, Bilbao, Chania, Corfu, Faro, Gran Canaria,[34] Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Lampedusa, Larnaca, Lourdes, Malta, Menorca, Mykonos, Preveza/Lefkada, Pristina (begins 7 December 2024),[35] Rabat (begins 30 October 2024),[36] Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos, Split, Toulouse,[37] Tromsø (begins 4 December 2024),[31] Zadar, Zakynthos
Egyptair Cairo
Seasonal: Luxor (begins 6 October 2024)[38]
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International, New York–JFK[39]
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Zurich
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart
Finnair Helsinki
FlyOne Chisinau, Yerevan
Gulf Air Bahrain
Seasonal: Geneva,[40] Nice
Hainan Airlines Chongqing,[41] Guiyang,[42] Shenzhen
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Juneyao Air Zhengzhou
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait City
La Compagnie Newark
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
LOT Polish Airlines Rzeszów,[43] Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Lumiwings Foggia
Luxair Luxembourg
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Neos Almaty, Amritsar, Cairo, Cancún, Dakar–Diass, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Havana, Holguín, La Romana, Marsa Alam, Mombasa, Nanjing, New York–JFK, Sal, Sharm El Sheikh, Tenerife–South, Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Amman–Queen Alia, Boa Vista, Brindisi, Cagliari, Cartagena (begins 22 December 2024),[44] Catania, Cayo Largo, Comiso, Corfu, Djerba, Enfidha, Freeport, Hamburg,[45] Heraklion, Ibiza, Karpathos, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Lanzarote, Luxor, Male, Marsa Matruh, Mauritius, Menorca, Monastir, Montego Bay, Mykonos, Nosy Bé, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Phuket,[46] Pointe-à-Pitre, Punta Cana (resumes 22 December 2024),[44] Rhodes, Rovaniemi, Salalah, Samos, Santorini, Skiathos, Tel Aviv, Tianjin, Varadero, Tromsø,[47] Zanzibar
Seasonal charters: Copenhagen[48]
Nesma Airlines Seasonal: Cairo[49]
Seasonal charter: Marsa Alam (resumes 30 July 2024)[citation needed]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo
Nouvelair Tunis
Seasonal charter: Djerba,[50] Monastir[51]
Oman Air Muscat[52]
Qanot Sharq Tashkent, Urgench (both begin 17 August 2024)[53]
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Alghero, Alicante, Athens,[54] Barcelona, Bari, Beauvais,[54] Berlin, Brindisi, Bucharest–Otopeni, Budapest,[54] Cagliari, Catania, Dublin, Gran Canaria, Kraków (begins 27 October 2024),[55] Lamezia Terme, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh, Naples, Palermo, Porto, Reggio Calabria (begins 27 October 2024),[56] Rzeszów (begins 28 October 2024),[55] Seville, Tallinn,[57] Tenerife–South, Valencia, Vienna
Seasonal: Corfu, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Kos, Lanzarote, Palma de Mallorca, Santorini, Trapani, Zadar
Saudia Jeddah
Seasonal: Medina, Riyadh
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Bergen, Stavanger
Singapore Airlines Barcelona, Singapore
Sky Express Athens
SunExpress Izmir
Seasonal: Antalya
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
Thai Airways International Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi[58]
Transavia Seasonal: Paris–Orly[59]
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat[60]
Twin Jet Lyon, Marseille
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
Vueling Barcelona, Paris–Orly
Seasonal: Bilbao, Ibiza
Wizz Air Amman–Queen Alia, Athens, Bacău, Barcelona, Beauvais, Bucharest–Otopeni (begins 27 October 2024),[61] Budapest, Chișinău,[62] Gdańsk (begins 1 October 2024),[63] Giza, Jeddah, Kraków, Kutaisi, Larnaca (begins 9 September 2024),[64] London–Gatwick, Madrid, Málaga (begins 10 September 2024),[65] Marrakesh, Podgorica, Prague, Pristina, Reykjavik–Keflavík, Rzeszów (begins 9 September 2024),[63] Sharm El Sheikh, Skopje, Suceava,[66] Tallinn, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South,[67] Tirana, Valencia (resumes 29 October 2024),[65] Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin (begins 9 September 2024),[63] Yerevan
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Lampedusa, Olbia, Porto, Riyadh, Skiathos, Zakynthos

Cargo

The following airlines operate regular cargo services to and from Malpensa:

AirlinesDestinations
Amazon Air[68][69] Cagliari, Catania, Leipzig/Halle
Asiana Cargo[70] Almaty, Seoul–Incheon
Atlas Air[71] Amsterdam, Chicago–O'Hare, Liège, San Juan, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita
Cargolux[72] Luxembourg
Cargolux Italia[citation needed] Almaty, Baku, Curitiba–Afonso Pena, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dubai–International, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Mexico City–AIFA, New York–JFK, Novosibirsk, Osaka–Kansai, San Juan, Vilnius, Zhengzhou
Cathay Cargo[73] Frankfurt, Hong Kong
DHL Aviation[74] Ancona, Athens, Bahrain, Barcelona, Belgrade, Brussels, Bucharest–Otopeni, Budapest, Cincinnati, Cologne/Bonn, East Midlands, Leipzig/Halle, London–Heathrow, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Madrid, Naples, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pisa, Seoul–Incheon, Thessaloniki, Vitoria, Zagreb
Egyptair Cargo[75] Cairo
Emirates SkyCargo[76] Amsterdam, Dubai–Al Maktoum
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo[77] Addis Ababa
Hong Kong Air Cargo[78] Hong Kong
Korean Air Cargo[79] Seoul–Incheon
Lufthansa Cargo[80] Frankfurt
MSC Air Cargo Tokyo–Narita[81]
Nippon Cargo Airlines[82] Amsterdam, Tokyo–Narita
Qatar Airways Cargo[83] Doha, Munich[84]
Saudia Cargo[85] Jeddah, Riyadh
Silk Way West Airlines[86] Baku
Turkish Cargo[87] Istanbul
Turkmenistan Airlines[88] Ashgabat

Statistics

Busiest routes

Busiest domestic routes

Busiest domestic routes to/from Milan Malpensa (2018)[89]
Rank Rank
var.
(prev. year)
Airport Passengers % var.
(prev. year)
Airline(s)
1     Catania, Sicily   1,048,371   10.24 Air Italy, AlbaStar, Alitalia, easyJet, Neos Air, Ryanair
2     Palermo, Sicily   673,401   81.54 Air Italy, Alitalia, easyJet, Neos Air, Ryanair
3   2   Lamezia Terme, Calabria   557,529   80.38 Air Italy, Alitalia, easyJet, Ryanair
4   1   Naples, Campania   359,168   29.13 Air Italy, Alitalia, easyJet
5   1   Olbia, Sardinia   324,110   3.16 Air Italy, Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines, easyJet, Neos Air
6   new   Rome–Fiumicino, Lazio   242,114   new Air Italy, Alitalia
7   1   Bari, Apulia   229,529   10.17 Alitalia, easyJet
8   1   Brindisi, Apulia   191,036   6.40 Alitalia, easyJet, Neos Air
9   1   Cagliari, Sardinia   158,621   11.38 Air Italy, Alitalia, easyJet, Neos Air
10   1   Comiso, Sicily   118,181   2.24 Ryanair

Busiest European routes

Busiest routes between Milan Malpensa and destinations within the European Union (2018)[89]
Rank Rank
var.
(prev. year)
Airport Passengers % var.
(prev. year)
Airline(s)
1     Paris–Charles de Gaulle, France   911,510   15.41 Air France, Alitalia, easyJet
2   1   Amsterdam, Netherlands   840,160   12.78 Alitalia, easyJet, KLM, Vueling
3   1   Barcelona, Spain   819,077   7.88 easyJet, Vueling
4   1   London–Gatwick, England   577,011   1.35 easyJet
5   1   Madrid, Spain   544,472   9.63 Air Europa, Alitalia, easyJet, Iberia, Ryanair
6   1   Munich, Germany   466,052   12.26 Air Dolomiti, easyJet, Lufthansa
7   1   Lisbon, Portugal   437,438   1.24 Alitalia, easyJet, TAP Portugal
8   2   Frankfurt, Germany   381,004   12.86 Alitalia, Lufthansa
9   2   Vienna, Austria   377,191   25.16 Austrian Airlines, Wizz Air
10   1   Copenhagen, Denmark   362,846   1.63 Alitalia, easyJet, Scandinavian Airlines
11   3   Brussels, Belgium   337,104   8.21 Alitalia, Brussels Airlines, Ryanair
12     Prague, Czech Republic   304,128   2.76 Alitalia, Czech Airlines, easyJet
13     Athens, Thessaloniki, Greece   274,995   0.10 Aegean Airlines, Alitalia, easyJet
14     London–Heathrow, England   248,369   1.40 Alitalia, British Airways
15   2   Budapest, Hungary   239,457   7.32 Wizz Air
16   2   Düsseldorf, Germany   235,165   23.75 Alitalia, Eurowings
17   2   Ibiza, Spain   225,132   0.69 Alitalia, easyJet, Iberia, Neos Air, Vueling
18   2   London–Stansted, England   217,971   2.37 Ryanair
19   5   Paris–Orly, France   206,011   27.61 Aigle Azur, Alitalia, easyJet, Vueling
20     Helsinki, Finland   195,876   7.24 Finnair
21   2   Berlin–Schönefeld, Germany   183,298   1.19 easyJet
22   16   Porto, Portugal   177,852   115.74 Ryanair, TAP Portugal
23     London–Luton, England   170,303   2.84 easyJet
24   1   Edinburgh, Scotland   165,084   4.69 Alitalia, easyJet
25   2   Málaga, Spain   159,629   3.13 easyJet, Neos Air, Ryanair
26   4   Manchester, England   152,858   11.26 easyJet, Flybe
27   1   Stuttgart, Germany   151,790   2.51 easyJet, Eurowings
28   new   Berlin–Tegel, Germany   149,610   new easyJet, Ryanair
29   1   Luxembourg, Luxembourg   147,866   2.72 easyJet, Luxair
30   1   Warsaw, Poland   137,333   3.99 LOT Polish Airlines
31     Palma de Mallorca, Spain   129,491   13.10 Alitalia, easyJet, Neos Air
32   11   Hamburg, Germany   129,223   25.67 Eurowings
33     Valencia, Spain   128,252   new Ryanair
34   4   Sofia, Bulgaria   113,709   8.28 Bulgaria Air, Ryanair
35   3   Bucharest, Romania   112,400   1.56 Blue Air, Ryanair
36   2   Stockholm–Arlanda, Sweden   109,095   5.88 easyJet, Neos Air, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Scandinavian Airlines
37   2   Mykonos, Greece   99,491   2.37 easyJet, Neos
38   5   Cologne, Germany   94,148   12.97 Eurowings
39   new   Alicante, Spain   93,742   new easyJet, Ryanair, Vueling
40   4   Menorca, Spain   85,662   2.22 easyJet, Neos
41     Bordeaux, France   79,224   9.87 easyJet
42   2   Tenerife, Spain   77,708   2.64 easyJet, Neos, Ryanair
43   1   Dublin, Ireland   71,749   14.54 Aer Lingus
44   5   Nantes, France   71,259   11.82 easyJet
45   new   Vilnius, Lithuania   67,869   Wizz Air
46   3   Riga, Latvia   67,589   7.85 airBaltic
47   2   Heraklion, Greece   61,370   5.31 Blue Panorama Airlines, easyJet, Neos Air, Ryanair
48   11   Birmingham, England   59,974   29.69 Flybe
49   3   Seville, Spain   54,643   0.19 Ryanair
50   2   Toulouse, France   54,436   1.12 easyJet
51   4   Lyon, France   53,475   1.13 HOP!
52   2   Lanzarote, Spain   52,420   1.03 easyJet, Neos Air

Busiest international routes

Busiest routes between Milan Malpensa and destinations outside the European Union (2018)[89]
Rank Rank
var.
(prev. year)
City Passengers % var.
(prev. year)
Airline(s)
1     New York–JFK, New York, United States   791,985   15.30 Air Italy, Alitalia, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Emirates
2     Dubai–International, United Arab Emirates   681,844   3.18 Emirates
3     Istanbul–Atatürk, Turkey   416,778   6.30 Turkish Airlines
4     Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Russia   398,790   6.78 Aeroflot
5     Doha, Qatar   359,792   14.19 Qatar Airways
6   1   Tirana, Albania   283,107   6.06 Blue Panorama Airlines, Ernest Airlines
7   1   Tel Aviv, Israel   275,348   0.89 Alitalia, easyJet, El Al, Neos Air
8   1   Zürich, Switzerland   229,597   5.95 Swiss International Air Lines
9   1   Cairo, Egypt   215,614   4.03 Air Italy, Egypt Air
10   1   Hong Kong, SAR   176,538   0.38 Cathay Pacific
11   6   Miami, Florida, United States   176,283   36.95 Air Italy, American Airlines
12   1   Muscat, Oman   164,120   8.39 Oman Air
13   1   Shanghai–Pudong, China   148,389   3.64 Air China
14   2   São Paulo-Guarulhos, Brazil   147,770   7.22 LATAM Brasil
15   9   Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Thailand   145,414   46.34 Air Italy, Thai Airways International
16     Newark, New Jersey, United States   145,394   10.31 United Airlines
17   9   Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates   143,445   34.96 Etihad Airways
18   3   Casablanca, Morocco   133,982   0.94 Jetairfly, Royal Air Maroc
19   1   Tokyo–Narita, Japan   130,477   1.84 Alitalia
20   2   Beijing–Capital, China   124,394   20.47 Air China
21   2   Oslo, Norway   118,130   2.72 Norwegian Air Shuttle, Scandinavian Airlines
22   1   Kyiv, Ukraine   116,101   7.75 Ukraine International Airlines
23   3   Tunis, Tunisia   113,614   2.29 Tunisair
24   1   Singapore, Singapore   112,287   11.23 Singapore Airlines
25   new   Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt   108,124   new Air Cairo, Air Italy, Neos Air
26     Saint Petersburg, Russia   103,460   16.46 Rossiya Airlines
27   8   Marsa Alam, Egypt   102,956   79.19 Air Cairo, Neos Air
28   3   Havana, Cuba   92,704   5.36 Blue Panorama Airlines, Neos
29   2   Delhi, India   92,583   11.36 Air India, Air Italy
30   2   Marrakesh, Morocco   88,805   7.17 easyJet
31   2   Toronto–Pearson, Canada   75,347   25.90 Air Canada, Air Italy
32   3   Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Turkey   69,684   0.88 Turkish Airlines
33   3   Seoul–Incheon, South Korea   68,056   1.89 Korean Air
34   3   Belgrade, Serbia   65,439   1.81 Air Serbia
35   3   Tehran, Iran   62,207   0.24 Iran Air, Mahan Air
36   new   Moscow–Domodedovo, Russia   61,429   new Air Italy
37   new   Moscow–Vnukovo, Russia   60,114   new Utair
38   new   Addis Ababa, Ethiopia   56,481   new Ethiopian Airlines
39   new   La Romana, Dominican Republic   53,448   new Neos Air
40   new   Zanzibar, Tanzania   52,810   new Blue Panorama Airlines, Neos Air
41   new   Dakar, Senegal   51,104   new Air Italy

Movements by country

European Union countries with passenger movements
from/to Milan Malpensa Airport (2018)
Rank Rank
var.
(prev. year)
Country Passengers 2018
1     Italy   4,093,221
2     Spain   2,559,852
3   1   Germany   1,805,491
4   1   UK   1,717,631
5     France   1,396,510
6     Netherlands   841,773
7     Greece   652,323
8     Portugal   644,147
9   2   Austria   377,548
10     Denmark   367,156
11   2   Belgium   337,648
12     Czech Republic   304,878
13     Hungary   240,128
14   1   Poland   232,147
15   1   Finland   198,838
16     Luxembourg   147,866
17     Romania   119,021
18     Bulgaria   114,080
19     Sweden   109,465
20   1   Lithuania   75,768
21   1   Ireland   71,749
22   1   Estonia   36,937
23   1   Cyprus   34,714
24     Malta   10,198

General statistics

Years Movements % variation Passengers % variation Cargo (tons) % variation
2000 249,107  13.3 20,716,815  22.1 301,045  4.6
2001 236,409  5.1 18,570,494  10.4 323,707  7.5
2002 214,886  9.1 17,441,250  6.1 328,241  1.4
2003 213,554  0.6 17,621,585  1 362,587  10.5
2004 218,048  2.1 18,554,874  5.3 361,237  13.1
2005 227,718  4.4 19,630,514  5.8 384,752  6.5
2006 247,456  8.7 21,767,267  10.9 419,128  8,9
2007 267,941  8.3 23,885,391  9.7 486,666  16.1
2008 218,476  18.5 19,221,632  19.5 415,952  14.5
2009 187,551  14.2 17,551,635  8.7 344,047  17.3
2010 193,771  3.3 18,947,808  8 432,674  25.8
2011 190,838  1.5 19,303,131  1.8 450,446  4.1
2012 174,892  8.4 18,537,301  4 414,317  8
2013 164,745  5.8 17,955,075  3.1 430,343  3.9
2014 166,749  1.2 18,853,203  5 469,657  9.1
2015 160,484  3.8 18,582,043  1.4 511,191  8.8
2016 166,842  4 19,420,690  4.5 548,767  7.4
2017 178,953  7.3 22,169,167  14.2 589,719  7.5
2018 194,515  8.7 24,725,490  11.5 572,774.8  2.9
2019 234,054  20.3 28,846,299  16.7 558,481.5  2.5
2020 92,432  60.5 7,241,766  74.9 516,739.6  7.5
2021 118,341  28.0 9,622,464  32.9 747,242  44.6
2022 186,626  57.7 21,347,652  121.9 721,255  3.5
2023 201,958  8.2 26,076,714  22.2 671,908  6.8
Annual passenger traffic at MXP airport. See Wikidata query.

Rail

 
Malpensa Express at Milan Cadorna station platform 1
 
Connection between Terminal 1 and its railway station

The airport is served by two train stations, one at each terminal.

Malpensa Express

Malpensa Express is a direct train connection between Terminal 2, Terminal 1 and Milan's city centre.

As of 2019, its service is based on a clock-face timetable with four services per hour in both directions: two run between the two airport terminals and Milan Cadorna station; the other two between the two airport terminals, Milan Garibaldi and Milan Centrale stations. All services call at Busto Arsizio Nord, Saronno (connections for Como, Novara and Varese) and Milan Bovisa stations.[90]

The journey time ranges between 30 and 50 minutes, depending on the type of service and the number of stops.

Other train services

TiLo operate services to Bellinzona in Switzerland.[91]

Milan's Suburban Line S10 (Milano Rogoredo–Milano Bovisa) ran to Malpensa Airport/Aeroporto from June 2010.[92] Trains called at: Ferno, Busto Arsizio, Castellanza, Rescaldina, Saronno, Milano Bovisa, Milano Lancetti, Milano Porta Garibaldi M2-M5, Milano Repubblica M3, Milano Porta Venezia M1, Milano Dateo and Milano Porta Vittoria. The service was terminated in October 2012.

The Malpensa – Varese – Mendrisio (CH) – Lugano (CH) line provides a direct connection between Malpensa Airport/Aeroporto and the south-eastern part of Switzerland. There are plans to connect Gallarate Station and Milan's Centrale Station (FS), which is currently a terminus station with no through tracks, to allow more convenient access to high-speed international lines.

Bus

Road

Malpensa Airport is accessible by a four-lane motorway to the A8 (connecting Switzerland to Milan) and by a five-lane motorway to the A4 (connecting Turin/Torino, Verona, Venice and Triest/Trieste). Local access to the airport is provided by the State Road SS336 from Busto Arsizio and by the State Road SS336dir from Magenta.

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