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Larnaca International Airport

Larnaca International Airport – Glafcos Clerides[a] (IATA: LCA, ICAO: LCLK) is an international airport located 4 km (2.5 mi) southwest of Larnaca, Cyprus.[3] Larnaca International Airport is Cyprus' main international gateway and the largest of the country's two commercial airports, the other being Paphos International Airport on the island's southwestern coast.

Larnaca International Airport – Glafcos Clerides

Διεθνής Aερολιμένας Λάρνακας
Larnaka Uluslararası Havaalanı
Exterior of Larnaca Airport during afternoon Cyprus.JPG
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorHermes Airports Ltd
ServesLarnaca, Limassol, and southeast Nicosia
LocationLarnaca District, Cyprus
Hub for
Elevation AMSL3 m / 7 ft
Coordinates34°52′44″N 033°37′49″E / 34.87889°N 33.63028°E / 34.87889; 33.63028Coordinates: 34°52′44″N 033°37′49″E / 34.87889°N 33.63028°E / 34.87889; 33.63028
Websitewww.hermesairports.com
Map
LCA is located in Cyprus
LCA
LCA
Location within Cyprus
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04/22 3,000 9,823 Asphalt
Statistics
Passengers (2017)Increase 7,734,290
Aircraft movements (2011)Increase 50,329
Cargo tonnage (2008)Increase 37,529
Sources: Hermes Airports,[2] Cypriot AIP at EUROCONTROL[3]

The airport was given its current name in July 2016, in honour of former President of Cyprus (1993 – 2003) Glafcos Clerides.[4]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Larnaca Airport was hastily developed towards the end of 1974 after the invasion of Cyprus by Turkey on 20 July of the same year,[5] which forced the closure of the Nicosia International Airport. The site on which it was built (near the Larnaca Salt Lake) had been previously used as an airfield[which?] in the 1930s and, subsequently, as a military installation[which?] by British forces. Larnaca International opened on 8 February 1975, with only limited infrastructure facilities and a prefabricated set of buildings comprising separate halls for departures and arrivals. The first airlines to use the new airport were Cyprus Airways, using Viscount 800s leased from British Midland, and Olympic Airways, using NAMC YS-11s. Initially, the runway at Larnaca International was too short for jet aircraft.[citation needed]

OperationsEdit

The status of Cyprus as a major tourist destination means that air traffic has steadily risen to over 5 million passengers a year.[6] This is double the capacity the airport was first designed for. For this reason, a tender was put out in 1998 to develop the airport further and increase its capacity (see below). Already completed elements of the expansion include a new control tower, fire station, runway extension, and additional administrative offices. The surrounding road network was improved by upgrading the B4 road and by completing the A3 Motorway.[citation needed] A new junction has been constructed near the new terminal. The new terminal was built some 500–700 m (1,600–2,300 ft) west of the old terminal, adjacent to the new control tower, with new aprons and jetways. The old terminal building is slated to be partially demolished and refurbished as a cargo centre, and is currently used as a private terminal for visiting heads of state, VIPs, and private aircraft operators.[citation needed]

The airport's geographic location in-between Europe, Africa, Russia and the Middle East facilitates it as an airline hub for traffic and flight operations between these locations.[7][8][9][10] It currently holds domestic, regional and international passenger and cargo services by over 30 airlines.[11] Notably, Gulf Air used to provide a non-stop service to New York-JFK twice a week.[12]

FacilitiesEdit

 
Check-in area
 
Departure gate area

The airport has one primary passenger terminal. Departures are accommodated on the upper level, while arrivals at the ground level. A second "VIP terminal" also exists, which is used for visiting heads of state, some private aviation, and for cargo. The airport utilises a single large apron for all passenger aircraft. The concept architectural design of the passenger terminal was developed by French architects at Aéroports de Paris (ADP) with Sofréavia in France. Detail and Tender design was completed in Cyprus by 1998, with local architectural office Forum Architects and a large engineering team under the coordination of ADP.[citation needed]

The design was later used as a base for the BOT projects of both Larnaca and Paphos International Airports though significant changes were made mainly on "value engineering" grounds. A large amount of controversy spurred by the local media surrounded the granting of the contract when it was put out to tender. A consortium led by BAA and Joannou & Paraskevaides (J&P) construction quickly pulled out when it did not receive assurances from the government of Cyprus that it would receive financial compensation in the event that direct flights were allowed between Northern Cyprus and the rest of the world. The contract was eventually hastily granted to the next best bidder, the French led 'Hermes' Consortium. This too, was not free of controversy, causing legal challenges by BAA and J&P, and adding further delays to a much needed project.[citation needed]

A €650 million upgrade of the Larnaca and Paphos airports was completed in 2006.[13] The international tender was won by Hermes Airports, a French-led group. The consortium is made up of Bouygues Batiment International (22%) Egis Projects (20%), the Cyprus Trading Corporation (a local retail group-10%), Iacovou Brothers (a local contractor-10%), Hellenic Mining (10%), Vancouver Airport Services (10%), Ireland's Dublin Airport Authority (Aer Rianta International) (10%), Charilaos Apostolides (a local construction company-5%) and Nice Côte d'Azur Airport (3%). Hermes Airports built new passenger terminals and plans to extend the runways at both airports under a 25-year concession.

A new terminal building opened on 7 November 2009.[14] It has 16 jetways (boarding bridges), 67 check in counters, 8 self check-in kiosks, 48 departure gates, and 2,450 parking spots. The new terminal can handle 7.5 million passengers per year. Infrastructure also features a large engineering hangar, a cargo terminal, and separate facilities for fuelling and provisioning light aircraft. There is a second, smaller apron where cargo aircraft and private aircraft are often parked. There are also spaces for smaller aircraft for flying schools and privately owned aircraft separate from the main two aprons.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Larnaca:[15]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Heraklion, Kalamata, Mykonos, Rhodes, Santorini
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo, St. Petersburg
Air Moldova Chişinău
Air Serbia Belgrade
airBaltic Riga
Alitalia Seasonal: Rome–Fiumicino
Alrosa Seasonal charter: Krasnodar[16]
Arkia Tel Aviv–Sde Dov[17]
Armenia Aircompany Seasonal charter: Yerevan[18][19]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Azur Air Seasonal: Moscow–Vnukovo, St. Petersburg (begins 27 April 2019)[20]
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air Athens, Birmingham, Bucharest, London–Luton, Thessaloniki
Seasonal charter: Chania,[21] Corfu,[21] Kavala,[21] Preveza/Lefkada,[21] Skiathos[21]
Bravo Airways Seasonal charter: Kiev–Zhuliany[22]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Seasonal: London–Gatwick
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Condor Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hannover, Munich
Cyprus Airways Athens, Beirut, Prague, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Bratislava (begins 8 June 2019),[23] Košice (begins 11 June 2019),[23] Zürich
Danish Air Transport Seasonal charter: Copenhagen[24]
easyJet Berlin–Schönefeld, Bristol, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, Milan–Malpensa
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse
Edelweiss Air Zürich
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai–International, Malta
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Katowice[25]
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Stuttgart
Germania Seasonal: Bremen (begins 7 May 2019),[26] Dresden (begins 1 May 2019),[27] Münster/Osnabrück (begins 1 May 2019)[26]
Germania Flug Seasonal: Zürich
Gulf Air Bahrain
I-Fly Seasonal charter: St. Petersburg (begins 27 April 2019)[28]
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv-Sde Dov[29]
Seasonal charter: Haifa[30]
Jet2.com Seasonal: Birmingham, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Jet Time Seasonal charter: Aalborg,[31] Billund,[31] Copenhagen,[31] Jönköping,[32] Norrköping,[32] Örebro,[32] Sundsvall[32]
Laudamotion Vienna
Level Seasonal: Vienna
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Munich
Seasonal: Frankfurt
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Neos Seasonal: Milan–Malpensa (begins 7 June 2019)[33]
NordStar Seasonal charter: Moscow–Domodedovo[34]
Nordwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Kazan,[35] Moscow–Sheremetyevo,[35] Samara[35]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Helsinki, London–Gatwick
Seasonal charter: Bergen,[36] Luleå (begins 29 April 2019),[32] Stavanger[36]
Pobeda Moscow–Vnukovo
Qatar Airways Doha
Qeshm Airlines Seasonal charter: Tehran–Imam Khomeini[37]
Rossiya Airlines Charter: Moscow–Vnukovo,[38] St. Petersburg[38]
Seasonal charter: Chelyabinsk,[38] Kazan,[38] Nizhny Novgorod,[38] Novosibirsk,[38] Omsk,[38] Perm,[38] Samara,[38] Tyumen,[38] Ufa,[38] Yekaterinburg[38]
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Brussels[39]
Ryanair Sun Seasonal charter: Katowice,[40] Warsaw–Chopin[40]
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Seasonal: Novosibirsk[41]
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal charter: Bergen,[42] Gothenburg,[43] Kristiansand,[36] Oslo–Gardermoen,[44] Stockholm–Arlanda,[43] Trondheim,[36] Umeå[32]
SkyUp Kiev–Zhuliany (begins 31 March 2019)[45]
SmartLynx Airlines Estonia Seasonal charter: Tallinn[46]
SmartWings Seasonal: Bratislava, Košice, Prague
TAROM Bucharest
Thomas Cook Airlines Seasonal: Belfast–International, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, East Midlands, Glasgow, London–Gatwick, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Seasonal charter: Billund,[47] Copenhagen,[47] Gothenburg,[48] Helsinki,[49] Malmö,[48] Oslo–Gardermoen,[50] Stockholm–Arlanda,[48] Växjö[48]
Transavia Amsterdam
TUI Airways Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Exeter, Glasgow, London–Gatwick, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne[51]
Seasonal charter: Gothenburg,[32] Oslo–Gardermoen,[36] Stockholm–Arlanda[32]
TUI fly Deutschland Seasonal: Düsseldorf (begins 2 May 2019),[52] Frankfurt (begins 2 May 2019)[52]
TUI fly Nordic Seasonal charter: Copenhagen,[31] Helsinki,[53] Malmö,[32] Oslo–Gardermoen[36]
Tus Airways Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tel Aviv–Sde Dov[54]
Seasonal: Ioannina
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
Ural Airlines Krasnodar, Moscow–Domodedovo
Seasonal: St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona
Widerøe Seasonal charter: Bergen (begins 10 May 2019)[50]
Windrose Airlines Seasonal: Kiev–Boryspil
Wizz Air Budapest, Cluj-Napoca, Debrecen (begins 31 March 2019),[55] Iași, Katowice, Kiev–Zhuliany, Kraków (begins 16 September 2019),[56] Kutaisi, London–Luton, Sofia, Varna, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin
Seasonal: Belgrade

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
ASL Airlines Belgium Athens, Bergamo, Liège
Bluebird Nordic Athens
CAL Cargo Air Lines Liège, New York–JFK, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
DHL Aviation Athens
Royal Jordanian Cargo Amman–Queen Alia, Athens
Swiftair Cologne/Bonn, Madrid, Malta

AccessEdit

The airport can be reached by car, taxi and public transport system. There is a shuttle bus system from/to Limassol[57], Nicosia, Protaras, Paralimni and Ayia Napa[58]. Local buses are available at the airport to various locations in Larnaca.

Incidents and accidentsEdit

  • On 13 October 1977, Lufthansa Flight 181, flying from Palma de Mallorca to Frankfurt, with 91 passengers and crew was hijacked by four Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) members, and was diverted and landed in turn at the airports in Rome, Larnaca, Bahrain and Dubai.[59] The Boeing 737 was then forced to fly on to Mogadishu Airport, Somalia, where a German antiterrorist squad stormed the plane, killing three hijackers, arresting one and rescuing all passengers. The captain of the flight had previously been murdered by the lead terrorist.
  • On 19 February 1978, Larnaca Airport was the scene of the Egyptian raid on Larnaca International Airport: a 1-hour gun battle between Unit 777, an Egyptian military counter-terrorism force, who had raided Larnaca International, and the Cypriot National Guard.
    The crisis had begun the previous day, when Youssef Sebai, editor of a prominent Egyptian newspaper and friend of Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat, was assassinated at the Nicosia Hilton hotel by two gunmen as he was preparing to address the Afro-Asian Peoples’ Solidarity Organization (AAPSO) conference being held at the hotel. The gunmen, a Jordanian and a Kuwaiti, opposed to the Sadat regime, took 50 hostages among the conference attendees, including two representatives of the PLO who happened to be attending the conference. Non-Arab delegates and women were released shortly. Yasser Arafat, with the Cypriot president's agreement, dispatched an unarmed force of 16 to assist with negotiations and any possible rescue operation.
    Through negotiations with the Cypriot government, the two attackers were allowed to board a plane to escape with their 15 remaining hostages, including the two PLO hostages. They forced the plane to approach several countries including Libya and Syria but each time their request to land was refused, so after refueling in Djibouti, the plane was forced to return to Larnaca Airport. Egypt then dispatched its entire antiterrorist squad aboard a C-130 Hercules to deal with the hijacking; however, they did so without the knowledge or consent of the Cypriot government.
    On landing in Larnaca, the commandos launched an all-out assault on the DC-8, even as Cypriot negotiators had secured the hostage-takers' surrender. Cypriot President Spyros Kyprianou and other senior officials observing the events on site were forced to retreat from the airport control tower after it was hit by bullets. Eventually the Egyptian commandos surrendered to the Cypriot forces. The two hijackers were persuaded by the British pilots to give up. The hostages exited the aircraft unharmed once the shooting was over. The Cypriots counted eight wounded. 15 members of the 74-man Egyptian Unit 777 died. President Kyprianou offered reconciliation and apologies, but maintained that Cyprus could not have allowed the Egyptians to act. Egypt and Cyprus each withdrew their diplomatic missions, and frosty relations between the two countries persisted for some time. The two hijackers were condemned to death by a Cypriot court, but the sentence was commuted by Kyprianou and the hijackers released.[60][61][62][63]
  • On 5 April 1988, Kuwait Airways Flight 422, a Kuwait Airways Boeing 747, was hijacked, while en route from Thailand to Kuwait. After forcing the plane to fly to Iran, the hijackers forced the crew to fly the plane further west to Algeria, but the plane landed in Larnaca for refuelling. Two Kuwaiti hostages were murdered by the hijackers and their bodies were thrown out on the airport's runway. The hijacking ended in Algeria on 20 April 1988.[64]
  • As a result of the 2006 Lebanon War, the Lebanese airline Middle East Airlines evacuated its fleet to Larnaca.
  • Also as a result of the 2006 Lebanon War, a Canadian military aircraft carrying Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper and Canadian citizens fleeing the war, landed in Larnaca. Cyprus served as a safe haven for many nationals during the crisis. The Prime Minister was coming home from a visit to Afghanistan but landed in Larnaca to pick up Canadians who had been evacuated from Lebanon, and took them back to Canada.
  • On 28 August 2007, three construction workers were injured when a complete 5 m × 40 m (16 ft × 131 ft) concrete floor collapsed at the construction site for the new passenger terminal.[65][66]
  • On 29 March 2016, EgyptAir Flight 181, operated by Airbus A320-232 SU-GCB, was hijacked whilst on a Flight from Borg El Arab Airport to Cairo International Airport. The aircraft landed at Larnaca.[67] The hijacker claimed to be wearing an explosive belt, but it was later revealed to be fake.[68]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Greek: Διεθνής Aερολιμένας Λάρνακας (Diethnís Aeroliménas Lárnakas). Turkish: Larnaka Uluslararası Havaalanı).

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit