Rome–Leonardo da Vinci Fiumicino International Airport (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"; IATA: FCO, ICAO: LIRF), commonly known as Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, is an international airport in Fiumicino, Italy, serving Rome. It is the busiest airport in the country, the 9th busiest airport in Europe and the world's 46th-busiest airport with over 40.5 million passengers served in 2023.[2] It covers an area of 16 square kilometres (6.2 sq mi).[3]

Rome–Fiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci"

Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerMundys
OperatorAeroporti di Roma
ServesRome metropolitan area / Vatican City
LocationFiumicino, Lazio, Italy
Opened
  • Operational: 20 August 1960; 63 years ago (1960-08-20)
  • Official: 15 January 1961; 63 years ago (1961-01-15)
Hub for
Operating base for
Elevation AMSL15 ft / 5 m
Coordinates41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889
Websitewww.adr.it/web/aeroporti-di-roma-en
Maps
Airport map
Airport map
Map
Click on the map to see marker
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
16R/34L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16L/34R 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
Statistics (2023)
Passengers40 545 240
Passenger change 22–23Increase 38.1%
Aircraft movement266,489
Movements change 22–23Increase 25.4%
Cargo (tons)25,862,550
Cargo change 22–23Increase 33.2%
Source:[1]

Rome-Fiumicino Airport "Leonardo da Vinci" serves as the principal hub for ITA Airways, the Italian flag carrier and the largest airline in the country. It was previously the hub of Alitalia, the defunct Italian flag carrier. It is also a focus city for several other airlines, such as Neos, Aeroitalia, Ryanair, Vueling and Wizz Air.

Opened in 1961, it is in Fiumicino 30 km (18,64 mi) south of Rome and is named for Italian polymath Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519). Reproductions of some of his most famous works and inventions are on display inside the airport.

As of 2022, it has won the "Best Airport Award" in the category of hubs with over 40 million passengers, issued by Airports Council International (ACI) Europe, for three years in a row.[4]

History edit

Early years edit

During construction, the remains of some Roman ships were found.[5]

The airport was officially opened on 15 January 1961, with two runways, replacing the smaller Rome Ciampino Airport, which remains in service for some low-cost airlines as well as domestic and charter operations. Despite being officially opened in 1961, Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport had actually been in use since 20 August 1960. This was to help relieve air traffic that was congesting Rome Ciampino Airport during the 1960 Summer Olympics.[6]

During the 1960s, former home-based Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centres; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R).

Later development edit

Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police) to Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A. in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created ADR Security S.r.l. (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato, Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Italian Civil Aviation Authority and Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A..[citation needed] Ground handling services were provided by Aeroporti di Roma until 1999, when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines except for Alitalia, which continued to be handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001, Alitalia created "Alitalia Airport" and started providing ground handling for itself and other airlines. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled, but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones at Fiumicino. In May 2006, Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci.[citation needed]

Since 2005, the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog. Three runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 m (13,000 ft)), and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs owing to the prevailing winds. The airport used to have a fourth runway, 16C/34C which was located alongside 16L/34R, it was mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup for 16L/34R; the runway is now designated as Taxiway "D".[7]

In 2010, the new single baggage handling system for more efficient luggage delivery began operations.

Several projects are planned. These include the construction of an environmentally-friendly cogeneration system, which would allow the airport to produce its own energy; the "Masterplan Fiumicino Nord", involving four new terminals and two new runways to be built in the future handling 100 million passengers per year.[citation needed]

Terminals edit

Overview edit

 
Terminal 1, Rome–Fiumicino International Airport

As of 2021, after major expansion and refurbishment works, the airport now features two terminals:

  • Terminal 1 (Gates A1–A83)[8] home base to ITA Airways
  • Terminal 3 (Gates E1–E52)[8] is the largest terminal. It also incorporates the former Terminal 5 as well as the satellite building for non-Schengen departures. A new central airside hall has been built as its middle part in recent years.

Development edit

The terminals were upgraded during the 1990s and 2000s.[9][unreliable source?] In 1991, the domestic Pier A with 12 gates opened, followed in 1995 by the international Pier B with 10 gates and in 1999 by the international Satellite C with 14 gates. In 2000, the new domestic Terminal A opened, and the terminal buildings, then consisting of Terminal A (with Pier A), Terminal AA, Terminal B (with Pier B) and Terminal C (with Satellite C), were reorganized.

The dedicated Cargo City terminal was added in 2004, while the check-in counters for Northwest Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Continental Airlines, United Airlines, US Airways, American Airlines and El Al in Terminal 5 opened in 2008, with passengers then being bused to what was then called Satellite C. In 2009, the terminals were renamed – A was renamed T1, AA was renamed T2, B and C became T3, and T5 stayed the same.

In January 2017, Terminal 5 was closed for renovations; a new central airside hall is currently being built in the middle section.

The former Terminal 2 closed permanently on 15 December 2017 to make way for the north-west expansion of Terminal 1. A new three-storey boarding and waiting area, as well as a new Pier A with 13 boarding and 10 remote gates, have been built.[10][11]

From 17 March 2020 to 6 August 2021, Terminal 1 has been closed due to decreased passenger traffic amidst the COVID-19 pandemic;[12] this pause was used to perform a redesign of the main hall layout, which increased the available passenger space.[10]

Future plans include a new Terminal 4, expansion of runways, and new buildings for car parking, services, and airport facilities.[13]

SkyBridge edit

An automated people mover (APM) called SkyBridge (Innovia APM 100) opened in 1999 along with the Satellite C. It consists of two stations, one on the third floor of Terminal 3, and the other on the second floor of gate area E31–44. This shuttle train is the only means of transport for passengers between the two sections of the terminal. The westbound service, from T3 to Gates E31–44, is for departing passengers only, while the eastbound service is for arriving passengers only. Arriving passengers are not permitted to take the train back, as they need to pass through a transfer security checkpoint to re-enter the departure area. Likewise, departing passengers are not permitted to take the train back to Terminal 3.

Airlines and destinations edit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled, seasonal and charter flights to and from Fiumicino:[14]

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki [15]
Aer Lingus Dublin
AeroItalia Alghero, Ancona (ends 30 March 2024),[16][17] Bacău, Bergamo, Bucharest–Otopeni,[18] Catania, Comiso, Olbia, Palermo [19]
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
Aeroméxico Mexico City [20]
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Cairo Sharm El Sheikh
Seasonal: Luxor
[21]
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital, Hangzhou [22]
Air Corsica Seasonal: Ajaccio, Bastia [23]
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Malta (ends 30 March 2024) [24]
Air Mauritius Seasonal: Mauritius (resumes 16 October 2024) [25]
Air Montenegro Podgorica [26]
Air Mountain Seasonal: Sion
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson [27]
airBaltic Riga
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, New York–JFK
AnadoluJet Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen [28]
Arkia Tel Aviv [29]
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka (resumes 26 March 2024) [30]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong (suspended)
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan [31]
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou [32]
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou
Croatia Airlines Split, Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik
Cyprus Airlines Larnaca [33]
Dan Air Bacău [34]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Detroit
easyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin, Bristol, London–Gatwick, Lyon, Manchester, Nantes, Nice, Paris–Orly
Egyptair Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa [35]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi [36]
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Prague, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Nuremberg (begins 15 May 2024)[37][38][39]
[40]
Finnair Helsinki
FlyOne Chișinău
Gulf Air Bahrain
Hainan Airlines Chongqing, Shenzhen
HiSky Chișinău [41]
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Reykjavik–Keflavík
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
ITA Airways Accra (begins 5 June 2024),[42] Alghero, Algiers, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Bologna, Boston, Brindisi, Brussels, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cagliari, Cairo, Chicago–O'Hare (begins 7 April 2024),[42] Catania, Dakar–Diass (begins 3 July 2024),[42] Delhi, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Genoa, Jeddah (begins 1 August 2024),[43] Kuwait City (begins 5 June 2024),[42] Lamezia Terme, London–City (begins 31 March 2024),[44]London–Gatwick (begins 1 June 2024),[45] London–Heathrow (ends 30 March 2024),[46] Los Angeles, Madrid, Malta, Miami, Milan–Linate, Munich, Naples, New York–JFK, Nice, Palermo, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Reggio Calabria, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Riyadh (begins 5 May 2024),[42] San Francisco, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sofia, Tel Aviv (resumes 1 March 2024),[47] Tirana, Tokyo–Haneda, Toronto–Pearson (begins 10 May 2024),[48] Trieste, Tunis, Turin, Venice, Washington–Dulles, Zürich
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Lampedusa, Malé, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Pantelleria, Rhodes, Split
Charter: Hurghada, Sharm El Sheikh, Fort-de-France
[49][50]
Jet2.com Birmingham, Edinburgh (begins 8 March 2024),[51] Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne [52]
KLM Amsterdam
KM Malta Airlines Malta (begins 31 March 2024) [24]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait City
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin, Warsaw–Radom [53]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
MedSky Airways Tripoli
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Neos Amritsar, Boa Vista, Cancún, Dakar–Diass, Havana, Malé, Marsa Alam, Mombasa, Sal, Sharm El Sheikh, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Djerba, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Karpathos, La Romana, Marsa Matruh, Mauritius, Menorca, Monastir, Mykonos, Nosy Be, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Salalah, Zanzibar
[54]
Nile Air Seasonal charter: Cairo, Luxor [55]
Norse Atlantic Airways Seasonal: New York–JFK [56][57]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Bergen
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qantas Seasonal: Perth, Sydney [58]
Qatar Airways Doha [59]
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia [60]
Ryanair Alicante, Asturias, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beauvais, Berlin, Brindisi, Brussels, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Cork, Dublin, Eindhoven, Faro, Gdańsk, Gothenburg (begins 31 March 2024),[61] Gran Canaria, Hahn, Lisbon (begins 31 March 2024),[62] Madrid, Málaga, Marseille, Memmingen, Palermo, Poznań, Prague, Riga, Santander, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Toulouse, Trapani, Valencia, Vienna, Vilnius, Wrocław, Zagreb
Seasonal: Billund, Chania, Dubrovnik (begins 3 April 2024),[63] Fuerteventura, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Santorini, Skiathos, Split, Zakynthos
[64][65][66]
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Oslo
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu–Tianfu [67]
Singapore Airlines Singapore [68]
Sky Alps Crotone, Cuneo, Verona,
Seasonal Mostar (begins 2 May 2024)
[69][70][71]
Sky Express Athens [72]
SpiceJet Seasonal: Amritsar [73]
SunExpress Seasonal: İzmir (begins 4 June 2024) [74]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest–Otopeni
Thai Airways International Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi (suspended)
Transavia Nantes, Paris–Orly, Rotterdam/The Hague
Seasonal: Montpellier
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
United Airlines Newark, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, San Francisco
Volotea Bordeaux, Lille, Nantes, Olbia, Strasbourg
Seasonal: Bilbao, Brest (begins 18 April 2024),[75] Lourdes
[76][77]
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, London–Gatwick, Málaga, Paris–Orly, Seville, Valencia
Seasonal: Bilbao, Dubrovnik, Ibiza, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Santorini, Split
[78][79]
WestJet Seasonal: Calgary [80]
Wizz Air Abu Dhabi, Alicante (begins 1 April 2024),[81] Amman–Queen Alia, Baku, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Belgrade (ends 30 March 2024), Berlin (begins 31 March 2024),[81] Bucharest–Otopeni, Budapest, Castellón, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca (begins 31 March 2024),[82] Craiova (ends 29 March 2024), Dammam, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Funchal, Gdańsk (begins 1 April 2024),[83] Giza, Gothenburg, Hamburg (begins 31 March 2024),[81] Iași, Jeddah, Kraków, Kutaisi (ends 30 March 2024), Larnaca, London–Gatwick, Luxembourg (suspended),[84][85] Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Memmingen, Nice, Paris–Orly, Porto, Prague, Reykjavik–Keflavík, Riyadh, Rzeszów, Seville, Sharm El Sheikh, Skopje (ends 30 March 2024),[86] Sofia (resumes 31 March 2024),[86] Suceava, Tel Aviv (resumes 1 March 2024),[87] Tenerife–South, Timișoara (ends 30 March 2024),[88] Tirana, Turku, Valencia, Vienna, Vilnius,[89][86] Warsaw–Chopin, Yerevan
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Lampedusa, Marrakesh, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Santorini, Skiathos, Split, Zakynthos
[90][81][91]

Statistics edit

Graph edit

Annual passenger traffic on the two Rome airports. See Wikidata query.

Busiest domestic routes edit

Busiest domestic routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2020)[92]
Rank Rank
(v. 2019)
Airport Passengers % Change
from 2019
Airline(s)
1  

  Catania, Sicily

650,320  64.4

Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling

2  

  Palermo, Sicily

550,707  65.2

Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling

3  

  Cagliari, Sardinia

364,345  59.7

Alitalia

4  

  Milan-Linate, Lombardy

246,631  68.0

Alitalia

5  

  Bari, Apulia

204,377  72.2

Alitalia, Ryanair

6  

  Brindisi, Apulia

149,261  71.5

Alitalia, Ryanair

7  

  Turin, Piedmont

145,991  69.2

Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines

8  2

  Milan-Malpensa, Lombardy

143,153  66.1

Air Italy, Alitalia

9  4

  Olbia, Sardinia

143,027  53.9

Air Italy, Volotea

10  1

  Lamezia Terme, Calabria

136,170  68.5

Alitalia

11  1

  Alghero, Sardinia

131,701  58.7

Volotea

12  4

  Venice, Veneto

125,943  71.8

Alitalia

13  2

  Genoa, Liguria

104,651  69.6

Alitalia

14  1

  Bologna, Emilia-Romagna

100,387  65.2

Alitalia

15  1

  Naples, Campania

72,544  76.5

Alitalia

16  2

  Reggio Calabria, Calabria

66,393  67.5

Alitalia

17  1

  Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia

57,809  78.3

Alitalia

18  1

  Verona, Veneto

46,135  77.0

Alitalia

19  2

  Florence, Tuscany

45,142  83.0

Alitalia

Busiest European routes edit

Busiest European Routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2020)[92]
Rank Rank
(v. 2019)
Airport Passengers % Change
from 2019
Airline(s)
1  1

  Paris–Charles de Gaulle, France

343,498  73.8

Alitalia, Air France, Vueling

2  3

  London–Heathrow, United Kingdom

304,734  67.2

Alitalia, British Airways

3  1

  Amsterdam, Netherlands

291,981  72.1

Alitalia, KLM, easyJet, Vueling

4  1

  Madrid, Spain

285,846  77.4

Air Europa, Alitalia, Iberia, Vueling

5  4

  Barcelona, Spain

280,903  79.8

Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling

6  4

  Frankfurt am Main, Germany

199,163  71.2

Alitalia, Lufthansa

7  1

  Brussels, Belgium

195,735  72.8

Alitalia, Brussels Airlines, Ryanair

8  1

  Munich, Germany

185,466  74.2

Alitalia, Lufthansa, Vueling

9  2

  Paris–Orly, France

160,911  77.9

easyJet, Vueling

10  4

  London-Gatwick, United Kingdom

159,087  78.5

British Airways, easyJet, Vueling

11  2

  Vienna, Austria

133,189  76.0

Eurowings, Laudamotion, Vueling, Wizz Air

12  1

  Athens, Greece

122,705  79.4

Aegean Airlines, Alitalia, Ryanair, Sky Express

13  2

  Zurich, Switzerland

117,235  71.1

Alitalia, Swiss International Air Lines

14  

  Lisbon, Portugal

107,604  76.6

TAP Portugal

15  2

  Istanbul, Turkey

99,012  73.8

Turkish Airlines

16  2

  Tirana, Albania

95,996  71.5

Alitalia, Air Albania

17  1

  Luqa, Malta

93,910  76.1

Air Malta, Alitalia, Ryanair

18  1

  Geneva, Switzerland

92,994  71.8

Alitalia, easyJet

19  7

  Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Russia

91,833  83.5

Aeroflot, Alitalia

20  1

  Nice, France

62,181  79.6

Alitalia, easyJet

Busiest intercontinental routes edit

Busiest intercontinental routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2020)[92]
Rank Rank
(v. 2019)
Airport Passengers % Change
from 2019
Airline(s)
1  1

  New York–JFK, United States

134,482  83.0

Alitalia, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines

2  4

  Doha, Qatar

126,289  69.6

Qatar Airways

3  

  Dubai-International, United Arab Emirates

106,347  81.6

Emirates

4  3

  Tel Aviv, Israel

104,617  87.1

Alitalia, El Al, Vueling, Ryanair

5  6

  Cairo, Egypt

83,948  70.5

Alitalia, EgyptAir

6  2

  São Paulo–Guarulhos, Brazil

403,276  83.5

Alitalia, LATAM Brasil

7  5

  Tunis, Tunisia

69,674  71.4

Alitalia, Tunisair

8  

  Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Argentina

66,385  81.5

Aerolíneas Argentinas, Alitalia

9  2

  Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

372,266  82.7

Etihad Airways

10  

  Delhi, India

57,286  75.3

Air India, Alitalia

11  6

  Seoul–Incheon, South Korea

52,712  87.8

Alitalia, Asiana Airlines, Korean Air

12  20

  Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

44,553  62.7

Ethiopian Airlines

13  1

  Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Turkey

35,947  84.8

Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines

14  10

  Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

33,114  80.3

Alitalia

15  5

  Tokyo–Narita, Japan

32,986  83.3

Alitalia

16  6

  Casablanca, Morocco

30,776  82.0

Royal Air Maroc

17  9

  Miami, United States

29,494  81.8

Alitalia

18  15

  Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Thailand

26,358  76.4

Thai Airways

19  11

  Santiago, Chile

23,489  80.7

Alitalia

20  7

  Atlanta, United States

22,002  90.9

Delta Air Lines

Ground transportation edit

 
Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station
 
Leonardo Express train at Roma Termini

The main transport link with the airport is the railway network, from Fiumicino Aeroporto station. The railway opened in December 1989, with non-stop and several stopping services available.[93]

Leonardo Express edit

Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in the city center of Rome, with a non-stop trip that is provided every 15 minutes.[94]

FL lines edit

Leonardo da Vinci airport is also connected to Rome by the FL1 line, a suburban commuter and rapid transit line. Departing every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. The FL1 line does not stop at Termini station, connects the airport with the other main stations of Rome where it is possible to change to the metro network, Trastevere (Tram lines 3 and 8), Ostiense (Metro Piramide), Tuscolana (Metro Ponte Lungo) or Roma Tiburtina (Metro Tiburtina).[95]

High-speed edit

The airport is also connected to the Italian high-speed network, the following connections depart from Fiumicino Aeroporto station:[96]

Road edit

Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 km (22 mi) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is served by the six-lane Autostrada A91 motorway and numerous buses (from the Cotral network), shuttle buses, car sharing and taxis.

Incidents and accidents edit

From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flight—some engendered by Palestinians as part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.

  • On 23 November 1964, TWA Flight 800, operated by a Boeing 707, had an engine catch fire during takeoff. 50 of the 73 passengers and crew on board were killed.
  • On 17 December 1973, during the 1973 Rome airport attacks and hijacking, a Boeing 707-321B operating as Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) Flight 110 was attacked by Palestinian assailants. 30 passengers were killed when phosphorus bombs were thrown aboard the aircraft as it was preparing for departure.[97] During the same incident a Lufthansa Boeing 737 (D-ABEY)[98] was hijacked and landed at Athens, Damascus and finally in Kuwait. All remaining passengers and crew were then released.[97] Two people died in the incident.[98]
  • In January 1973, a number of extremists planned to attack Prime Minister Golda Meir's plane at Fiumicino airport. They placed Strela missiles inside a number of vehicles at certain locations around the airport, but Italian and Israeli authorities were able to intercept them.[99]
  • On 19 November 1977, an Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 707-360C, a cargo flight, crashed after takeoff 0.5 km (0.3 m) W of FCO. The plane barely gained height after takeoff from runway 25, reaching a height of 7–8 meters, contacting treetops, and struck the ground 280 meters further on. All 5 occupants (3 crew, 2 passengers) were killed. Unconfirmed reports indicated the plane was overloaded.[100]
  • On 27 December 1985, during the Rome and Vienna airport attacks, assailants shot and killed 16 people and wounded 99 others at the check-in counter. Most perpetrators were shot by security and police officers.
  • On 17 October 1988, Uganda Airlines Flight 775 from London Gatwick to Entebbe International Airport via Fiumicino, crashed short of the runway after two missed approaches. Twenty-six of the 45 passengers aboard, as well as all 7 crew members, died.
  • On 2 February 2013, Alitalia Flight 1670, operated by a leased ATR 72, en route from Pisa International Airport to Rome, overran the runway during landing. Sixteen occupants were injured, two of them seriously.[101][102][103] The aircraft was subsequently written off.
  • On 8 June 2013, Wizz Air Flight 3141, an Airbus A320-232 (registration HA-LWM) from Bucharest – Henri Coandă Airport, Romania to Rome-Ciampino, Italy, made an emergency landing at Fiumicino Airport when the crew encountered problems lowering one of the main undercarriages and locking it into position. The aircraft diverted to Fiumicino because of the longer runway, and firefighters applied foam after landing as a precautionary measure. The aircraft was evacuated using slides. Initial reports of injured passengers were denied by both Wizz Air and Rome Fiumicino Airport, who said some passengers requested medical checkups but reported no injuries.[104]
  • On 29 September 2013 at 20:10, an Alitalia Airbus A320 flying from Madrid Barajas Airport to Rome Fiumicino Airport failed to deploy the landing gear during a storm on landing and the aircraft toppled, skidded off the runway, and crashed. Ten passengers suffered minor injuries, and all 151 passengers and crew were evacuated and taken to hospital.

References edit

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External links edit

  Media related to Fiumicino Airport at Wikimedia Commons
  Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage