Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport

Rome–Fiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci" (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"; IATA: FCO, ICAO: LIRF), commonly known as Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, is an international airport in Fiumicino, Italy, serving Rome. It is the busiest airport in the country, the eleventh-busiest airport in Europe and the world's 49th-busiest airport with over 43.5 million passengers served. It covers an area of 16 square kilometres (6.2 sq mi).[2]

Rome–Fiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci"

Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"
Aeroporti di Roma Logo.svg
Rom Fiumicino 2011-by-RaBoe-02.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerAtlantia
OperatorAeroporti di Roma
ServesRome metropolitan area / Vatican City
LocationFiumicino, Lazio, Italy
Opened
  • 20 August 1960; 62 years ago (1960-08-20)
    (operational)
  • 15 January 1961; 62 years ago (1961-01-15)
    (official)
Hub forITA Airways
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL15 ft / 5 m
Coordinates41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889Coordinates: 41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889
Websiteadr.it
Map
Click on the map to see marker
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
16R/34L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16L/34R 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
Statistics (2021)
Passengers11.662.842
Passenger change 20–21Increase 18.6%
Aircraft movement113.972
Movements change 20–21Increase 10.1%
Cargo (tons)101,325
Cargo change 20–21Increase 32.9%
Source:[1]

The airport served as the main hub for Alitalia, formerly the flag carrier and largest Italian airline, which terminated operations on 15 October 2021. It is now the main international hub for Alitalia's successor, ITA Airways.

As of 2022, it has won the “Best Airport Award” in the category of hubs with over 40 million passengers, issued by Airports Council International (ACI) Europe, for three years in a row.[3]

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

During construction the remains of Caligula's Giant Ship were found.

The airport was officially opened on 15 January 1961, with two runways, replacing the smaller Rome Ciampino Airport, which remains in service for some low-cost airlines as well as domestic and charter operations. Despite being officially opened in 1961, Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport had actually been in use since 20 August 1960. This was to help relieve air traffic that was congesting Rome Ciampino Airport during the 1960 Summer Olympics.[4]

During the 1960s, former home-based Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centres; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R).

Later developmentEdit

Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police) to Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A. in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created ADR Security S.r.l. (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato, Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Italian Civil Aviation Authority and Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A..[citation needed] Ground handling services were provided by Aeroporti di Roma until 1999, when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines except for Alitalia, which continued to be handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001, Alitalia created "Alitalia Airport" and started providing ground handling for itself and other airlines. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled, but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones at Fiumicino. In May 2006, Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci.[citation needed]

Since 2005, the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog. Three runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 m (13,000 ft), and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs owing to the prevailing winds. The airport used to have a fourth runway, 16C/34C which was located alongside 16L/34R, it was mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup for 16L/34R; the runway is now designated as Taxiway "D".[5]

In 2010, the new single baggage handling system for more efficient luggage delivery began operations.

Several projects are planned. These include the construction of an environmentally-friendly cogeneration system, which would allow the airport to produce its own energy; the "Masterplan Fiumicino Nord", involving four new terminals and two new runways to be built in the future handling 100 million passengers per year.[citation needed]

TerminalsEdit

OverviewEdit

As of 2021, after major expansion and refurbishment works, the airport now features two reorganised passenger terminals, one of which is currently operational.[6]

  • Terminal 1 (Gates A1–A83)[6] has been closed for renovations with many gates currently unused, its main pier is currently being expanded with a second one next to it.
  • Terminal 3 (Gates E1–E52)[6] is the largest terminal which serves as the home base for ITA Airways amongst several other airlines. It also incorporates the former Terminal 5 as well as the satellite building for non-Schengen departures. A new central airside hall has been built as its middle part in recent years.

DevelopmentEdit

The terminals were upgraded during the 1990s and 2000s.[7][unreliable source?] In 1991, the domestic Pier A with 12 gates opened, followed in 1995 by the international Pier B with 10 gates and in 1999 by the international Satellite C with 14 gates. In 2000, the new domestic Terminal A opened, and the terminal buildings, then consisting of Terminal A (with Pier A), Terminal AA, Terminal B (with Pier B) and Terminal C (with Satellite C), were reorganized.

The dedicated Cargo City terminal was added in 2004, while the check-in counters for Northwest Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Continental Airlines, United Airlines, US Airways, American Airlines and El Al in Terminal 5 opened in 2008, with passengers then being bused to what was then called Satellite C. In 2009, the terminals were renamed – A was renamed T1, AA was renamed T2, B and C became T3, and T5 stayed the same.

In January 2017, Terminal 5 was closed for renovations; a new central airside hall is currently being built in the middle section.

The former Terminal 2 closed permanently on 15 December 2017 to make way for the north-west expansion of Terminal 1. A new three-storey boarding and waiting area, as well as a new Pier A with 13 boarding and 10 remote gates, are currently being constructed alongside Terminal 1, to open in Summer 2022.[8][9]

From 17 March 2020 to 6 August 2021, Terminal 1 has been closed due to decreased passenger traffic amidst the Covid-19 pandemic;[10] this pause was used to perform a redesign of the main hall layout, which increased the available passenger space.[8]

Future plans include a new Terminal 4, expansion of runways, and new buildings for car parking, services, and airport facilities.[11]

SkyBridgeEdit

An automated people mover (APM) called SkyBridge opened in 1999 along with the Satellite C. It consists of two stations, one in the third floor of Terminal 3, and the other in the second floor of gate area E31–44. This shuttle train is the only means of transport for passengers between the two parts of the terminal. The westbound service, from T3 to Gates E31–44, is for departing passengers only, while the eastbound service is for arriving passengers only. Arriving passengers are not permitted to take the train back, as they need to pass through a transfer security checkpoint to reenter the departure area. Likewise, departing passengers are not permitted to take the train back to Terminal 3.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled, seasonal and charter flights to and from Fiumicino:[12]

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki [13]
Aer Lingus Dublin
AeroItalia Bergamo [14]
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
Aeroméxico Mexico City (resumes 26 March 2023) [15]
Air Albania Tirana
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Cairo Sharm El Sheikh
Seasonal: Luxor
[16]
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Air China Hangzhou [17]
Air Corsica Seasonal: Ajaccio[18]
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Malta
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Mountain Seasonal: Sion
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson [19][20]
airBaltic Riga
AlbaStar Trapani
American Airlines Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, New York–JFK
AnadoluJet Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen [21]
Arkia Tel Aviv [22]
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Bluebird Airways Tel Aviv
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan (resumes 27 March 2023) [23]
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou [24]
Croatia Airlines Split, Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik
Cyprus Airlines Larnaca [25]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Detroit (resumes 25 March 2023)[26]
easyJet Amsterdam (ends 24 March 2023),[27] Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin, Bristol, Geneva, London–Gatwick, Lyon, Manchester, Nantes, Nice, Paris–Orly
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa [28]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi [29]
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Prague, Stockholm–Arlanda (begins 26 March 2023),[30] Stuttgart [31]
Finnair Helsinki
FlyOne Seasonal: Chisinau (begins 16 May 2023) [32]
Gulf Air Bahrain
Hainan Airlines Chongqing [33]
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavik–Keflavík
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
ITA Airways Alghero, Algiers, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Bologna, Boston, Brindisi, Brussels, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cagliari, Cairo, Catania, Delhi, Florence, Geneva, Genoa, Lamezia Terme, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Miami, Milan–Linate, Munich, Naples, New York–JFK, Nice, Olbia, Palermo, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Reggio Calabria, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão (begins 29 October 2023),[34] San Francisco (begins 1 July 2023),[35] São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sofia, Tel Aviv, Tirana, Tokyo–Haneda, Trieste, Tunis, Turin, Venice, Washington-Dulles (begins 2 June 2023),[36] Zürich
Seasonal: Corfu, Frankfurt, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Lampedusa, Malé, Malta, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Pantelleria, Rhodes, Split
Charter: Hurghada,[37] Sharm El Sheikh, Fort-de-France, La Romana,[38] Rostock (resumes 4 June 2023)[39]
[40][41][42][43][44]
Jet2.com Birmingham, Glasgow, London–Stansted (begins 30 March 2023),[45] Manchester
Seasonal: Leeds/Bradford, Newcastle upon Tyne
[46]
Kenya Airways Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait City
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Radom (begins 28 April 2023)[47]
Seasonal: Gdańsk, Kraków, Poznań, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Neos Boa Vista, Cancún, Havana, Malé, Marsa Alam, Sal, Sharm El Sheikh, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Karpathos, Lahore, La Romana, Mombasa, Montego Bay, Mykonos, Nosy Be, Rhodes, Sialkot, Zanzibar
[48]
Norse Atlantic Airways New York–JFK (begins 19 June 2023)[49] [50]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Bergen
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qantas Seasonal: Perth, Sydney[51]
Qatar Airways Doha [52]
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Asturias, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beauvais, Berlin, Brindisi, Brussels, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Comiso, Cork, Cuneo, Dublin, Eindhoven, Faro (begins 27 March 2023),[53] Gdańsk (begins 3 May 2023),[54] Gran Canaria, Hahn, Madrid, Málaga, Marseille, Memmingen (begins 3 May 2023),[55]Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Prague, Santander, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Trapani, Valencia, Vienna, Vilnius, Zagreb
Seasonal: Alicante, Chania, Figari, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Lanzarote, Menorca, Preveza, Santorini, Skiathos (begins 3 June 2023),[56] Split (begins 1 June 2023),[57] Toulouse, Zadar, Zakynthos
[58][59][60]
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Oslo
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu
Singapore Airlines Singapore [61]
Sky Express Athens [62]
Smartwings Prague
SpiceJet Seasonal: Amritsar[63]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia Nantes, Rotterdam/The Hague
Seasonal: Montpellier
Tunisair Tunis
Tunisair Express Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Tus Airways Tel Aviv (begins 26 March 2023) [64]
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, San Francisco (begins 25 May 2023),[65] Washington–Dulles
Volotea Alghero, Cagliari, Lille, Nantes, Olbia, Strasbourg
Seasonal: Bilbao (begins 1 April 2023),[66] Lourdes (begins 31 March 2023)[67]
[68]
Vueling Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, London–Gatwick, Málaga, Paris–Orly, Seville, Toulouse, Valencia
Seasonal: Bilbao (begins 1 July 2023),[69] Corfu, Dubrovnik, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Menorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Split, Zadar, Zakynthos
[70]
WestJet Seasonal: Calgary [71]
Wizz Air Abu Dhabi (begins 17 February 2023),[72] Alexandria, Amman–Queen Alia, Baku (begins 1 May 2023),[73] Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Belgrade, Bucharest, Budapest, Castellón (begins 27 June 2023),[74] Cluj-Napoca, Craiova, Dammam, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Funchal (begins 6 September 2023),[75] Gothenburg (begins 30 April 2023),[76] Hurghada, Iași, Jeddah, Katowice, Kraków, Kutaisi, Kuwait City (begins 1 August 2023),[77] Larnaca, London–Gatwick, Luxembourg (begins 1 August 2023),[78] Lyon, Madrid, Málaga (begins 28 April 2023),[76] Memmingen (begins 5 September 2023),[79] Nice, Paris–Orly, Podgorica, Porto, Prague, Reykjavik–Keflavík, Riyadh, Seville (begins 29 April 2023),[76] Sharm El Sheikh (ends 24 June 2023),[80] Suceava, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Timișoara, Tirana, Turku, Valencia, Vienna, Vilnius (begins 4 April 2023),[81] Warsaw–Chopin, Yerevan
Seasonal: Corfu, Eilat, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Lampedusa, Marrakesh, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Santorini, Skiathos, Skopje, Split, Zakynthos
[82]

StatisticsEdit

GraphEdit

Annual passenger traffic on the two Rome airports. See Wikidata query.

Busiest domestic routesEdit

Busiest domestic routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2020)[83]
Rank Rank
(v. 2019)
Airport Passengers % Change
from 2019
Airline(s)
1  

  Catania, Sicily

650,320  64.4

Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling

2  

  Palermo, Sicily

550,707  65.2

Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling

3  

  Cagliari, Sardinia

364,345  59.7

Alitalia

4  

  Milan-Linate, Lombardy

246,631  68.0

Alitalia

5  

  Bari, Apulia

204,377  72.2

Alitalia, Ryanair

6  

  Brindisi, Apulia

149,261  71.5

Alitalia, Ryanair

7  

  Turin, Piedmont

145,991  69.2

Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines

8  2

  Milan-Malpensa, Lombardy

143,153  66.1

Air Italy, Alitalia

9  4

  Olbia, Sardinia

143,027  53.9

Air Italy, Volotea

10  1

  Lamezia Terme, Calabria

136,170  68.5

Alitalia

11  1

  Alghero, Sardinia

131,701  58.7

Volotea

12  4

  Venice, Veneto

125,943  71.8

Alitalia

13  2

  Genoa, Liguria

104,651  69.6

Alitalia

14  1

  Bologna, Emilia-Romagna

100,387  65.2

Alitalia

15  1

  Naples, Campania

72,544  76.5

Alitalia

16  2

  Reggio Calabria, Calabria

66,393  67.5

Alitalia

17  1

  Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia

57,809  78.3

Alitalia

18  1

  Verona, Veneto

46,135  77.0

Alitalia

19  2

  Florence, Tuscany

45,142  83.0

Alitalia

Busiest European routesEdit

Busiest European Routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2020)[83]
Rank Rank
(v. 2019)
Airport Passengers % Change
from 2019
Airline(s)
1  1

  Paris–Charles de Gaulle, France

343,498  73.8

Alitalia, Air France, Vueling

2  3

  London–Heathrow, United Kingdom

304,734  67.2

Alitalia, British Airways

3  1

  Amsterdam, Netherlands

291,981  72.1

Alitalia, KLM, easyJet, Vueling

4  1

  Madrid, Spain

285,846  77.4

Air Europa, Alitalia, Iberia, Vueling

5  4

  Barcelona, Spain

280,903  79.8

Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling

6  4

  Frankfurt am Main, Germany

199,163  71.2

Alitalia, Lufthansa

7  1

  Brussels, Belgium

195,735  72.8

Alitalia, Brussels Airlines, Ryanair

8  1

  Munich, Germany

185,466  74.2

Alitalia, Lufthansa, Vueling

9  2

  Paris–Orly, France

160,911  77.9

easyJet, Vueling

10  4

  London–Gatwick, United Kingdom

159,087  78.5

British Airways, easyJet, Vueling

11  2

  Vienna, Austria

133,189  76.0

Eurowings, Laudamotion, Vueling, Wizz Air

12  1

  Athens, Greece

122,705  79.4

Aegean Airlines, Alitalia, Ryanair, Sky Express

13  2

  Zurich, Switzerland

117,235  71.1

Alitalia, Swiss International Air Lines

14  

  Lisbon, Portugal

107,604  76.6

TAP Portugal

15  2

  Istanbul, Turkey

99,012  73.8

Turkish Airlines

16  2

  Tirana, Albania

95,996  71.5

Alitalia, Air Albania

17  1

  Luqa, Malta

93,910  76.1

Air Malta, Alitalia, Ryanair

18  1

  Geneva, Switzerland

92,994  71.8

Alitalia, easyJet

19  7

  Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Russia

91,833  83.5

Aeroflot, Alitalia

20  1

  Nice, France

62,181  79.6

Alitalia, easyJet

Busiest intercontinental routesEdit

Busiest intercontinental routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2020)[83]
Rank Rank
(v. 2019)
Airport Passengers % Change
from 2019
Airline(s)
1  1

  New York–JFK, United States

134,482  83.0

Alitalia, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines

2  4

  Doha, Qatar

126,289  69.6

Qatar Airways

3  

  Dubai-International, United Arab Emirates

106,347  81.6

Emirates

4  3

  Tel Aviv, Israel

104,617  87.1

Alitalia, El Al, Vueling, Ryanair

5  6

  Cairo, Egypt

83,948  70.5

Alitalia, EgyptAir

6  2

  São Paulo–Guarulhos, Brazil

403,276  83.5

Alitalia, LATAM Brasil

7  5

  Tunis, Tunisia

69,674  71.4

Alitalia, Tunisair

8  

  Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Argentina

66,385  81.5

Aerolíneas Argentinas, Alitalia

9  2

  Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

372,266  82.7

Etihad Airways

10  

  Delhi, India

57,286  75.3

Air India, Alitalia

11  6

  Seoul–Incheon, South Korea

52,712  87.8

Alitalia, Asiana Airlines, Korean Air

12  20

  Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

44,553  62.7

Ethiopian Airlines

13  1

  Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Turkey

35,947  84.8

Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines

14  10

  Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

33,114  80.3

Alitalia

15  5

  Tokyo–Narita, Japan

32,986  83.3

Alitalia

16  6

  Casablanca, Morocco

30,776  82.0

Royal Air Maroc

17  9

  Miami, United States

29,494  81.8

Alitalia

18  15

  Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Thailand

26,358  76.4

Thai Airways

19  11

  Santiago, Chile

23,489  80.7

Alitalia

20  7

  Atlanta, United States

22,002  90.9

Delta Air Lines

Ground transportationEdit

SkyBridge
Overview
StatusOperational
OwnerAeroporti di Roma
LocaleLeonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, Italy
Stations2
Service
TypePeople mover
Services1
Rolling stock2 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 vehicles
History
Opened1999
Technical
Track length0.55 km
CharacterServes sterile parts of the airport

TrainEdit

Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in a non-stop trip that is provided every 15 minutes. Alternatively, local trains (FL1 line) leave once every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. However, these trains do not head to Termini station. Passengers have to change at Trastevere, Ostiense (Metro Piramide) or Tuscolana.[84] The railway opened in December 1989, with non-stop and several stopping services available.[85]

RoadEdit

Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 km (22 mi) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is served by the six-lane Autostrada A91 motorway and numerous buses and taxis.

Incidents and accidentsEdit

From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flight—some engendered by Palestinians as part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.

  • On 23 November 1964, TWA Flight 800, operated by a Boeing 707, had an engine catch fire during takeoff. 50 of the 73 passengers and crew on board were killed.
  • On 17 December 1973, during the 1973 Rome airport attacks and hijacking, a Boeing 707-321B operating as Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) Flight 110 was attacked by Palestinian assailants. 30 passengers were killed when phosphorus bombs were thrown aboard the aircraft as it was preparing for departure.[86] During the same incident a Lufthansa Boeing 737 (D-ABEY)[87] was hijacked and landed at Athens, Damascus and finally in Kuwait. All remaining passengers and crew were then released.[86] Two people died in the incident.[87]
  • In January 1973, a number of extremists planned to attack Prime Minister Golda Meir's plane at Fiumicino airport. They placed Strela missiles inside a number of vehicles at certain locations around the airport, but Italian and Israeli authorities were able to intercept them.[88]
  • On 19 November 1977, an Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 707-360C, a cargo flight, crashed after takeoff 0.5 km (0.3 m) W of FCO. The plane barely gained height after takeoff from runway 25, reaching a height of 7–8 meters, contacting treetops, and struck the ground 280 meters further on. All 5 occupants (3 crew, 2 passengers) were killed. Unconfirmed reports indicated the plane was overloaded.[89]
  • On 27 December 1985, during the Rome and Vienna airport attacks, assailants shot and killed 16 people and wounded 99 others at the check-in counter. Most perpetrators were shot by security and police officers.
  • On 17 October 1988, Uganda Airlines Flight 775 from London Gatwick to Entebbe International Airport via Fiumicino, crashed short of the runway after two missed approaches. Twenty-six of the 45 passengers aboard, as well as all 7 crew members, died.
  • On 2 February 2013, Alitalia Flight 1670, operated by a leased ATR 72, en route from Pisa International Airport to Rome, overran the runway during landing. Sixteen occupants were injured, two of them seriously.[90][91][92] The aircraft was subsequently written off.
  • On 8 June 2013, Wizz Air Flight 3141, an Airbus A320-232 (registration HA-LWM) from Bucharest – Henri Coandă Airport, Romania to Rome-Ciampino, Italy, made an emergency landing at Fiumicino Airport when the crew encountered problems lowering one of the main undercarriages and locking it into position. The aircraft diverted to Fiumicino because of the longer runway, and firefighters applied foam after landing as a precautionary measure. The aircraft was evacuated using slides. Initial reports of injured passengers were denied by both Wizz Air and Rome Fiumicino Airport, who said some passengers requested medical checkups but reported no injuries.[93]
  • On 29 September 2013 at 20:10, an Alitalia Airbus A320 flying from Madrid Barajas Airport to Rome Fiumicino Airport failed to deploy the landing gear during a storm on landing and the aircraft toppled, skidded off the runway, and crashed. Ten passengers suffered minor injuries, and all 151 passengers and crew were evacuated and taken to hospital.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Assaeroporti" (PDF).
  2. ^ Studio Impatto Ambientale ENAC
  3. ^ Turismo Roma
  4. ^ "Fiumicino: Italy's Fast Growing Airport | Italy". Lifeinitaly.com. 31 May 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  5. ^ Jeppesen Data dated 5 June 2020
  6. ^ a b c adr.it – Airport map retrieved 25 July 2021
  7. ^ "Expansion projects at Fiumicino". Airport-technology.com. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  8. ^ a b "Dal 6 Agosto Riapre l'Area Check-In del Terminal 1 Completamente Rinnovata".
  9. ^ Helen Norman. Transforming the passenger experience at Rome-Fiumicino Airport. April 16, 2021
  10. ^ "Rome Fiumicino airport reopens Terminal 1". 6 August 2021.
  11. ^ "The Terminals – AEROPORTI DI ROMA".
  12. ^ adr.it – Compagnie aeree retrieved 10 September 2020
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External linksEdit

  Media related to Fiumicino Airport at Wikimedia Commons
  Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage