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Zagreb Airport (IATA: ZAG, ICAO: LDZA) is the largest and busiest international airport in Croatia. In 2018 it handled around 3.4 million passengers and some 13,500 tons of cargo.

Franjo Tuđman Airport Zagreb

Međunarodna zračna luka Franjo Tuđman Zagreb
Zagrebinternationalairportlogo.png
Zagreb Airport New Terminal.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic/Military
OperatorMZLZ d.d., Aéroports de Paris
ServesZagreb, Croatia
LocationVelika Gorica
Hub for
Elevation AMSL353 ft / 108 m
Coordinates45°44′35″N 016°04′08″E / 45.74306°N 16.06889°E / 45.74306; 16.06889Coordinates: 45°44′35″N 016°04′08″E / 45.74306°N 16.06889°E / 45.74306; 16.06889
Websitezagreb-airport.hr
Map
LDZA is located in Croatia
LDZA
LDZA
Location in Croatia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,252 10,669 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Number of Passengers3,366,310Increase 7,9%
Aircraft movements43,688 Increase 5,0%
revenue€174.9 million[1] Increase 2.1%
net income€5.12 million[1] Increase 312%
number of employees743 directly + 305 indirectly Increase 0.5%[2]
Economic impact€0.7 billion
Assets€537 million[3]

Named after Franjo Tuđman, the first President of Croatia, the airport is located some 10 km (6.2 mi) south-east of Zagreb Central Station[4] in Velika Gorica. It is the hub of the Croatian flag carrier Croatia Airlines and a focus city for Trade Air. The main base of the Croatian Air Force is also located at the airport´s premises. Moreover the Croatian Air Traffic Control has its administratration situated on the grounds of the airport.

The airport was awarded to the ZAIC consortium (Zagreb Airport International Company) in a 30-year concession under the terms of a contract signed by the Government of Croatia with the aforementioned. The contract includes the financing, designing and construction of a new passenger terminal which was completed in March 2017. For the purpose of managing the airport ZAIC registered a company called MZLZ d.d. (Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb d.d.) that is now the operator of the Airport.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The history of Zagreb civil aviation began in 1909 when the first airfield was built close to the western city neighbourhood (city district) of Črnomerec.[citation needed]

With the creation of the first Yugoslav flag carrier Aeroput in 1927 the airport was relocated to the Borongaj airfield in 1928 which began serving the ever-growing number of passengers on 15 February of that year.[citation needed] Although several European airliners connected the city it was mostly Aeroput which connected Zagreb to major destinations across Europe and thus significantly increased traffic at Zagreb in the period preceding the Second World War.

Following World War II commercial services were moved to a former military airbase near the village of Lučko south-west of the city in 1947. JAT Yugoslav Airlines took the role of Aeroput and made Zagreb its second hub. At its peak in 1959 Lučko served 167,000 passengers.

 
The new terminal

The current location of the airport at Pleso in the south-east of Lučko opened in 1962 with a 2,500 m (8,200 ft) long runway and 1,000 m2 (11,000 sq ft) terminal. By 1966 Zagreb Airport got a new 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq ft) state-of-the-art passenger terminal. The runway capacity was lengthened to its current 3,252 m (10,669 ft) in 1974.

In the 1980s Zagreb Airport was the second largest in Yugoslavia by passenger and aircraft movements. Yugoslav flag-carrier JAT maintained a hub in Zagreb and connected the city to numerous destinations including New York, Chicago, Toronto which inevitably had a major impact on air traffic at Zagreb during that period.

Following an increase in passenger numbers and the necessity to upgrade its infrastructure the airport installed a CAT-IIIb instrument landing system (ILS) in 2004.

In 2008 a new VIP terminal was added and the terminal extended for extra amenities, restaurants and bars. The terminal was expanded to 15,500 m2 (167,000 sq ft)[5]

By 2010 the old terminal has been nearing its maximum annual capacity. That year the passenger terminal received a major face lift in the course of which a viewing platform with a bar was added.

On 12 April 2012 the ZAIC (Aeroports de Paris) consortium received a 30-year concession for the airport from the Government of Croatia. The concession includes financing, designing and constructing a new passenger terminal. The construction of a brand new 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) terminal facility designed by Neidhardt architects of Zagreb and carried out by Bouygues Bâtiment International in partnership with Viadukt began on 18 December 2013 with the aim to replace the old terminal. It now has an initial annual capacity of 5.5 million passengers in the first phase and was officially completed in October 2016. The official inauguration of the terminal was on 28 March 2017. ZAIC now operates the entire airport for 30 years including the runways, the current passenger terminal, the cargo terminal, car parks and all future property developments. The concession contract involves a total investment of around €324m (£259m): €236 million for the design and construction of the new terminal and €88 million for operation of all airport infrastructure for the entire period of the concession.[6]

TerminalEdit

 
Departures area

The current terminal building was opened to the public on 28 March 2017.[7][not in citation given] It stretches over 65,800 m2 (708,000 sq ft) on three levels featuring three baggage carousels, 8 air bridges, 9 security checkpoints, 30 check-in desks, 23 passport control booths and a car park with the capacity of 1,100 vehicles. Furthermore, the new apron has three remote stands next to the terminal, while 23 stands at the old passenger building are also used during the peak season. Each of the aircraft parking positions at the facility includes a visual docking guidance system which gives information to a pilot on how to park their aircraft. The terminal itself features a large 600 square metre duty-free shop operated by Aelia, 16 cafés, bars, restaurants and snack bars.

Enough space has been left for 30 additional check-in counters and 2 baggage carousels to be added once the new terminal reaches its current maximum capacity of 5 million passengers. Further extensions envisaged along the thirty-year concession period will potentially see expanding current apron from present 100,000 to 300,000 m2 (1,100,000 to 3,200,000 sq ft) and terminal capacity increased to 8 million through gradual expansion of the terminal in four Phase 2 expansions.[8][unreliable source?][9][10]

Scheduled airlines and destinationsEdit

Ground transportationEdit

Public transportationEdit

ZAG can be reached from the city centre by scheduled local bus services (No.290) operated by ZET[19] or scheduled coach services operated by Croatia Airlines´ subsidiary Pleso Prijevoz.

StatisticsEdit

Graph of passenger trafficEdit

 

See source Wikidata query.

TrafficEdit

Traffic at Zagreb Airport[20]
Year Passengers Passenger %
Change
Aircraft Movements Aircraft Movements%
Change
Cargo (tonnes) Cargo %
Change
2000 1,149,830 n/a n/a n/a 7,388 n/a
2001 1,185,471 3.10  n/a n/a 7,791 5.45 
2002 1,203,436 1.52  n/a n/a 7,347 5.70 
2003 1,314,652 9.24  n/a n/a 8,608 17.16 
2004 1,408,206 7.12  n/a n/a 8,899 3.38 
2005 1,551,519 10.18  37,484 n/a 12,492 40.38 
2006 1,728,414 11.40  40,884 9.07  10,393 16.80 
2007 1,992,455 15.28  43,250 5.79  12,564 20.89 
2008 2,192,453 10.04  44,542 2.99  12,697 1.06 
2009 2,062,242 5.94   40,684 8.66  10,065 20.73 
2010 2,071,561 0.45   39,812 2.14  8,156 18.97 
2011 2,319,098 11.95  42,360 6.40  8,012 1.77 
2012 2,342,309 1.00  39,084 7.80  8,133 1.51 
2013 2,300,231 1.80  36,874 5.58  7,699 5.34 
2014 2,430,971 5.68  38,348 4.00  8,855 15.01 
2015 2,587,798 6.45  39,854 3.93  9,225 4.18 
2016 2,766,087 6.89  40,796 2.36  10,074 9.20 
2017 3,092,047 11.78  41,585 1.93  11,719 11.75 
2018 3,336,310 7.89  43,688 5,06  13,676 16.71 
Traffic at Zagreb Airport in 2018/2019 by month[20]
Month Passengers 2018 Passengers 2019 Passenger %
Change
Aircraft Movements 2018 Aircraft Movements 2019 Aircraft Movements %
Change
Cargo (tonnes) 2018 Cargo (tonnes) 2019 Cargo %
Change
January 191,276 191,197 0.04  3,039 3,045 0.19  946 924 2.38 
February 170,658 181.154 6.15  2,692 2.826 4.98  993 758 23.6 
March 223,642 232.978 4.17  3,143 3.356 6.8  1,109 957 13.7 
April 253,843 280,790 10.61  3,384 3,776 11.58  1,211 1.061 12.3 
May 300,676 4,023 1,081
June 331.533 4,124 1,111
July 379,193 4,461 1,297
August 372,590 4,393 1,138
September 345,770 4,176 1,240
October 318,074 3,970 1.220
November 234.075 3.223 1.228
December 214.865 3.060 1.208

Busiest routesEdit

Busiest routes at Zagreb Airport
City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(Summer 2018)
Airlines
  Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport 35 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa
  Dubrovnik Dubrovnik Airport 34 Croatia Airlines
  Vienna Schwechat Airport 33 Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines
  Split Split Airport 33 Croatia Airlines
  Munich Franz Josef Strauss Airport 28 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa
  Zürich Zürich Airport 17 Croatia Airlines, Swiss Air Lines
  Brussels Brussels Airport 16 Brussels Airlines, Croatia Airlines
  Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport 14 Air France, Croatia Airlines
  Amsterdam Schiphol Airport 14 Croatia Airlines, KLM
  Doha Hamad International Airport 14 Qatar Airways
  Istanbul Atatürk Airport 14 Turkish Airlines
  Madrid Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport 14 Iberia
  Warsaw Warsaw Chopin Airport 14 LOT Polish Airlines
  Sarajevo Sarajevo Airport 13 Croatia Airlines
  Zadar Zadar Airport 13 Croatia Airlines
  Pula Pula Airport 13 Croatia Airlines (via Zadar)
  London Heathrow Airport 12 British Airways, Croatia Airlines
  Skopje Skopje International Airport 12 Croatia Airlines
  Belgrade Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport 12 Air Serbia
  Prague Václav Havel Airport 11 Croatia Airlines, Czech Airlines
  Athens Athens International Airport 10 Aegean Airlines, Croatia Airlines (via Dubrovnik 6 times per week)
  Copenhagen Copenhagen Airport 9 Croatia Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle
  Rome Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport 9 Croatia Airlines (via Dubrovnik twice weekly and Split 6 times per week)
  Dubai Dubai International Airport 7 Emirates, flydubai
  Moscow Sheremetyevo International Airport 7 Aeroflot
Source: Zagreb Airport[21]

Busiest airlinesEdit

Rank Carrier Passengers 2017 Passengers %
1   Croatia Airlines 1,608,502 52.00
2   Lufthansa 253,843 8.21
3   Turkish Airlines 141,844 4.35
4   Eurowings 135,720 4.30
5   Qatar Airways 127,218 4.2
6   Austrian Airlines 105,525 3.29
7   Emirates 98,442 3.18
8   British Airways 71,347 2.31
9   KLM 58,435 1.89
10   Air France 58,240 1.88
- All others 442,119 14.00
Source: Zagreb Airport[21]
Rank Carrier Weekly departures
(Summer 2017)
Number of
destinations
1   Croatia Airlines 277 32
2   Lufthansa 28 2
3   Austrian Airlines 20 1
4   Eurowings 18 5
5   Turkish Airlines 14 1
5   Qatar Airlines 14 1
5   Iberia 14 1
5   LOT Polish Airlines 14 1
9   Air Serbia 12 1
10   British Airways 10 1
11   Emirates 7 1
11   Air France 7 1
11   Aeroflot 7 1
11   Czech Airlines 7 1
11   KLM Royal Dutch Airlines 7 1
Source: Zagreb Airport[21]
Busiest routes at Zagreb Airport in 2017
Rank Destination Departing passengers Operating airlines
1   Frankfurt Airport 321,907 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa
2   Dubrovnik Airport 268,173 Croatia Airlines
3   Split Airport 201,065 Croatia Airlines
4   Munich 191,990 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa
5   Amsterdam 167,469 Croatia Airlines, KLM
6   London–Heathrow 164,426 British Airways, Croatia Airlines
7   Vienna 164,108 Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines
8   Paris–Charles de Gaulle 151,505 Air France, Croatia Airlines
9   Istanbul–Atatürk 141,844 Turkish Airlines
10   Hamad International Airport 127,218 Qatar Airways
12   Brussels Airport 118,675 Brussels Airlines, Croatia Airlines
12   Zurich 110,912 Croatia Airlines, Swiss International Air Lines
13   Dubai 98,301 Emirates
14   Copenhagen Airport 79,541 Croatia Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle
15   Cologne Bonn Airport 68,750 Eurowings
Source: Zagreb Airport[21]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Bohtinski, Josip (24 June 2017). "Sedam zračnih luka zaradilo je lani čak 215,5 milijuna kuna". Večernji list (in Croatian). Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  2. ^ "ZRAČNA LUKA ZAGREB, d.o.o." prosjecna-placa.info. Archived from the original on 28 April 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb d.d." prosjecna-placa.info. Archived from the original on 28 April 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  4. ^ a b "EUROCONTROL – The European AIS Database: Introduction to EAD Basic – Home". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb – Zagreb International Airport – Naslovna". Archived from the original on 8 April 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  6. ^ Vlada Republika Hrvatska Potpisan Ugovor O Koncesiji za izgradnju Archived 1 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine (In Croatian) 11 April 2012
  7. ^ http://hrcak.srce.hr/file/126124
  8. ^ "Nešto o pregovorima s Francuzima, Nizozemskoj bolesti i gospodinu Petitu, bacanju papira i vremenu od travnja 2012. godine do prosinca 2013. godine. - Siniša Hajdaš Dončić". Siniša Hajdaš Dončić (in Croatian). 18 March 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  9. ^ "Grand opening of the new passenger terminal of Franjo Tuđman Airport". Zagreb Airport. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  10. ^ "Zagreb International Airport's New Terminal - Airport Technology". Airport Technology. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  11. ^ "Aegean Airlines outlines new Athens routes in S18". Routesonline. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  12. ^ "Air Canada Expands its Global Network". Air Canada. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Croatia Airlines plans Mostar service resumption in May 2018". Routesonline. 2 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  14. ^ "Emirates and flydubai come together to offer customers seamless travel options to Zagreb this winter". emirates.com. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  15. ^ "Emirates resumes flights to Zagreb for summer season". arabianbusiness.com. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  16. ^ "Emirates and flydubai come together to offer customers seamless travel options to Zagreb this winter". emirates.com. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  17. ^ "Korean Air schedules Zagreb regular service in Sep/Oct 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  18. ^ "Flights to the Croatian Island of Losinj". SilverAirTravels. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  19. ^ "How to get from Zagreb Airport". Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  20. ^ a b "Statistics – Naslovna". MZLZ. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  21. ^ a b c d "Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb | Zagreb International Airport – Naslovna". Zagreb-airport.hr. Retrieved 20 May 2016.

External linksEdit