Palma de Mallorca Airport

Palma de Mallorca Airport (Catalan: Aeroport de Palma de Mallorca, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca; IATA: PMI, ICAO: LEPA; also known as Son Sant Joan Airport or Aeroport de Son Sant Joan) is an international airport located 8 km (5.0 mi) east[2] of Palma, Mallorca, Spain, adjacent to the village of Can Pastilla. In 2020, the airport handled 6.1 million passengers (after 29.7 million in pre COVID-19 conditions in 2019), making it the third busiest airport in Spain, after Madrid–Barajas and Barcelona-El Prat.[1] The airport is the main base for the Spanish carrier Air Europa and also a focus airport for EasyJet, Jet2.com, Ryanair and Vueling. The airport shares runways with the nearby Son Sant Joan Air Force Base, operated by the Spanish Air Force.

Palma de Mallorca Airport

Aeroport de Palma de Mallorca
Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca
Aena Mallorca.svg
Aeropuerto PMI.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic and military
OwnerENAIRE
OperatorAena
ServesMallorca
LocationPalma de Mallorca, Spain
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL8 m / 27 ft
Coordinates39°33′06″N 002°44′20″E / 39.55167°N 2.73889°E / 39.55167; 2.73889Coordinates: 39°33′06″N 002°44′20″E / 39.55167°N 2.73889°E / 39.55167; 2.73889
Websiteaena.es
Map
PMI is located in Majorca
PMI
PMI
Location in Majorca
PMI is located in Spain
PMI
PMI
PMI (Spain)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06L/24R 3,270 10,728 Asphalt
06R/24L 3,000 9,842 Asphalt
Statistics (2020)
Passengers6,108,514
Passenger change 19-20Decrease 79.4%
Aircraft movements76,852
Movements change 19-20Decrease 64.6%
Cargo (t)6,732
Cargo change 19-20Decrease 25.4%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[1]
Spanish AIP, AENA[2]

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

The interest of the Spanish Government in developing airmail during the first decades of the 20th century, led to a study of the possibility of establishing an air mail line to the Balearic Islands. Finally, in 1921, the company Aeromarítima Mallorquina established the postal line Barcelona - Palma, which used seaplanes in the port of Palma de Mallorca. Before the creation of this airline, trials were complete in two flat fields: Son Sant Joan and Son Bonet, both of which were later chosen for the construction of aerodromes.[3][4]

In 1934, the company Aero-Taxi de Mallorca was created with the intention of starting tourist flights to the island, establishing a flight school in Son Sant Joan. A year later, another one was founded in Son Bonet.[3]

In May 1935 the company LAPE, Líneas Aéreas Postales Españolas (Spanish Postal Airlines), a predecessor of Iberia; was founded. A month later, in August, the first regular air route between Madrid and Palma, stopping at Valencia, was created using the Son Sant Joan aerodrome. A year later, this line was replaced by a new one connecting Palma and Barcelona. Three years later, Lufthansa and Iberia established new lines in Son Bonet,[5] while Son Sant Joan was beginning to be used by the military. Through the years, Son Bonet became the main civilian airport in the island, while the creation of Son Sant Joan Air Force Base limited further civilian enterprises at the aerodrome.[3]

In 1954, the runway was enlarged and paved to enable the operation of F-86 Sabre fighters, which also meant the diversion of the Palma - Llucmajor road. During those years, the first paved taxiways and aprons were built, while Son Bonet received the first big groups of European tourists through the airlines BEA, Air France and Aviaco.[3]

The creation of the international airportEdit

The increase in traffic, and the inability to enlarge Son Bonet, led the authors of the 1958 National Airport Plan to propose building a large civilian airport near the Son Sant Joan airbase. The National Airport Council approved this plan the following year and commercial traffic was transferred from Son Bonet to Son Sant Joan. This was the birth of what today is known as the Palma de Mallorca Airport. During that year, a terminal and a civilian apron were built south of the military facilities, along with a VHF communication center. Also, a VOR was installed in the island.[3]

Finally, on 7 July 1960, the airport was opened to both domestic and international traffic.[3]

Just two weeks later, expansion of the airport was declared urgent by the government, and on summer 1961 the works of extension of the runway and taxiway were started. At the end of the year, more plans were made, including a power plant, a communications centre and fire and rescue facilities.[3][6]

Growth since the 1960sEdit

After reaching 1 million passengers for the first time in 1962, in 1965, a new terminal was constructed, and air navigation services were completed at the end of the following year. Also in 1965 Air Spain (1965 - 1975) began operating from the airport[7] and a smaller terminal (today's Terminal B) was planned. Passenger numbers increased rapidly, reaching 2 million in 1965. Construction of a second runway, parallel to the existing one, was begun in 1970. Two years later, terminal B went into service, and the second runway (06L/24R) opened in 1974.

In 1980, the airport carried 7 million passengers. However, this increased to nearly 10 million in 1986. This led to the construction of yet another new terminal building, the current central terminal building. This building is now the airport's primary entrance and exit and houses the airport's checkin and baggage claim areas. Construction started in mid-1993 and it was designed by the Majorcan architect Pere Nicolau Bover. During the construction in 1995, passenger numbers exceeded 15 million. The new terminal finally opened in 1997.[8]

TodayEdit

Following a decline in passenger numbers at the airport following the September 11 attacks in 2001, passenger numbers rose steadily between 2002 and 2007 when traffic peaked at 23.2 million passengers. From 2007 onward there was a decline in passenger numbers, with 21.1 million using the airport in 2010.[1] Today, Palma de Mallorca airport carries over 29.7 million passengers[9] per year to their destinations, with 178,253 aircraft movements, mostly to mainland Spain, Germany and the United Kingdom.

In November 2015, Air Berlin (1978 - 2017) announced that it would shut down its hub operations at the airport which it had maintained for over ten years. All seven domestic connection routes to the mainland, such as flights to Valencia, Bilbao and Sevilla, as well as the route to Faro in Portugal ceased during spring 2016.[10]

During the Summer months the dual-runway airport handles as many movements as London–Gatwick. On the busiest day of the week it handles as many as 1,100 movements, almost as many as London–Heathrow, the busiest airport in Europe. According to the operational data provided by AENA, the airport can handle 66 movements per hour, or almost 1,600 movements over a 24-hour operational period.

TerminalsEdit

 
Apron view
 
Outside view of the main terminal
 
Interior of the terminal

Palma de Mallorca Airport occupies an area of 6.3 km2 (2.4 sq mi). Due to rapid growth of passenger numbers, additional infrastructure was added to the two terminals A (1965) and B (1972). This main terminal was designed by local architect Pere Nicolau Bover and was officially opened on 12 April 1997. The airport now consists of four modules: Module A (the former Terminal A Building), Module B (the former Terminal B Building), Module C and Module D (the last two were completely new sets of buildings and gates that opened along with the new central terminal and check in area in 1997). The airport can handle 25 million passengers per year, with a capacity to dispatch 12,000 passengers per hour.

Module AEdit

The former Terminal A Building is located in the north of the airport. It has 28 gates of which 8 have airbridges. This is the only Module that has double airbridges attached to gates. The Pier is mainly used by flights to non-Schengen destinations including the UK and Ireland. This part of the terminal building used to be closed during winter months and is only used in the summer. For winter 2018/2019 it will remain open.[11]

Module BEdit

The former Terminal B Building is the smallest module, located in the north east. It has eight gates located on the ground floor, of which none have airbridges. It is used by regional aircraft of Air Nostrum, mainly operating flights to Ibiza Airport, Menorca Airport, Valencia Airport, Lleida Airport, Asturias Airport and Santiago de Compostela Airport.

Module CEdit

The largest of the Modules located in the east. It has 33 gates of which 9 have airbridges. It is used mainly by Eurowings by Condor along with EasyJet and Norwegian Air Shuttle flights to Schengen destinations. The southern area of the Module was worked on and reopened in May 2010. The refurbishment and expansion is so that the Module can handle more flights, and to improve ways to get into the pier as it is the longest walk from security control. There will also be a further eight gates with airbridges, but there will still be 33 in total.[12]

Module DEdit

Located in the south. It has 19 gates of which 10 have airbridges. All odd numbered gates are gates with a bus transfer. During the closure of the southern area of Module C, it was used mainly for flights to Europe.

Other facilitiesEdit

Previously Spanair (1986–2012) had its head office in the Spanair Building on the airport property.[13] Both Futura International Airways and Iberworld had large operational offices on the premises of the airport but these are no longer in use.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Palma de Mallorca Airport:

AirlinesDestinations
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Cork, Dublin
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Arabia Maroc Nador
Air Europa Alicante, Barcelona, Bilbao, Granada, Ibiza, Madrid, Menorca, Paris–Orly, Valencia, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Málaga, Seville
AirExplore Seasonal charter: Bratislava
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Paris–Orly
Air Serbia Seasonal: Belgrade[14]
Airseven Seasonal charter: Aarhus
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga
AlbaStar[15] Seasonal charter: Bergamo, Bologna, Derry,[16] Erfurt,[17] Groningen, Inverness, Milan–Malpensa, Tel Aviv,[18] Venice, Verona
Animawings Seasonal: Bucharest, Timisoara
Atlantic Airways Seasonal: Vagar[19]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Binter Canarias Gran Canaria, Tenerife–North[20]
Blue Air Seasonal: Bucharest[21]
Blue Islands Seasonal: Jersey
British Airways London–City, London–Heathrow
Seasonal: Edinburgh, London–Gatwick,[22] Southampton[23]
Seasonal charter: Belfast–City, Guernsey,[24] Isle of Man,[25] Jersey
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Buzz Seasonal charter: Katowice,[26] Kraków,[26] Wrocław[26]
Chair Airlines Seasonal: Zurich
Condor Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg
Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Friedrichshafen, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Nuremberg, Stuttgart, Vienna, Zurich
Corendon Airlines Basel/Mulhouse, Münster/Osnabrück, Nuremberg[27]
Seasonal: Billund, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen,[28] Düsseldorf,[29] Hannover[30]
Corendon Dutch Airlines Seasonal: Amsterdam, Groningen
easyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin, Bristol, Geneva, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Manchester, Milan–Malpensa
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Belfast–International, Birmingham,[31] Bordeaux, Cologne/Bonn,[32] Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Lille,[33] London–Southend,[34] Lyon, Milan–Linate,[35] Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne,[31] Nice, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Porto, Toulouse
Edelweiss Air Zurich
Enter Air[26] Seasonal charter: Gdańsk, Katowice, Kraków, Poznań, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław
European Air Charter Seasonal charter: Friedrichshafen
Eurowings Berlin, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hannover, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Münster/Osnabrück, Nuremberg, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Bremen, Dresden, Graz, Innsbruck, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Linz, Memmingen,[36] Paderborn/Lippstadt, Prague,[37] Saarbrücken, Salzburg, Zurich
Eurowings Discover Frankfurt
Seasonal: Munich[38]
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
Flyr Seasonal: Oslo, Stavanger[39]
GetJet Airlines Seasonal charter: Vilnius
Helvetic Airways Seasonal: Bern, Zürich[40]
Seasonal charter: Sion (resumes 14 July 2022)[41]
Iberia Express Madrid
Seasonal: Gran Canaria
Iberia Regional Ibiza, Lleida, Menorca, Valencia
Seasonal: Almería, Badajoz, León, Melilla, Nador, Olbia, Pamplona, Reus,[42] Valladolid, Vigo
Jet Time Seasonal charter: Billund, Copenhagen, Malmö
Jet2.com Birmingham, Manchester
Seasonal: Belfast–International, Bristol,[43] East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, London–Stansted, Newcastle upon Tyne
KLM Seasonal: Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Seasonal: Warsaw–Chopin[44]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Neos Seasonal: Bergamo, Bologna, Milan–Malpensa, Rome–Fiumicino, Verona
Norwegian Air Shuttle[45] Seasonal: Aalborg, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal charter: Bergen, Luleå, Stavanger, Trondheim
Novair Seasonal charter: Copenhagen
People's Seasonal: St. Gallen/Altenrhein
PLAY Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík[46]
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Berlin, Bologna, Bremen, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Hahn, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Jerez de la Frontera, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Memmingen, Naples, Nuremberg, Pisa, Rome–Ciampino, Sandefjord, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Treviso, Turin, Valencia, Vienna, Vitoria, Weeze, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Beauvais, Billund, Birmingham, Bordeaux, Bournemouth, Bratislava, Bristol, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cagliari, Copenhagen, Cork, Dresden, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow–Prestwick, Gothenburg, Kaunas, Knock, Kraków, Leeds/Bradford, Liverpool, Luxembourg, Marseille, Milan–Malpensa, Münster/Osnabrück, Murcia, Newcastle upon Tyne, Porto, Poznań, Prague, Santander, Shannon, Stockholm–Arlanda, Sofia, Teesside, Tenerife–North, Toulouse, Valladolid, Verona, Warsaw–Modlin, Wrocław
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Aarhus, Gothenburg, Oslo
Seasonal charter: Bergen
SkyAlps Seasonal: Bolzano[47]
SkyUp Seasonal: Kyiv–Boryspil
Smartwings Prague
Seasonal: Bratislava,[48] Brno, Košice, Ostrava
Seasonal charter: Warsaw-Chopin
Sunclass Airlines[49][50][51][52] Seasonal charter: Aalborg, Bergen, Billund, Bornholm, Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Helsinki, Jönköping, Kalmar, Karlstad, Kristiansand, Malmö, Odense, Örebro, Oslo, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda, Trondheim, Visby
Sundair Seasonal: Bremen,[53] Dresden,[53] Kassel, Leipzig/Halle, Lübeck
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich
Seasonal: Geneva
Transavia Amsterdam, Paris–Orly
Seasonal: Eindhoven, Lyon,[54] Nantes, Rotterdam/The Hague
TUI Airways[55] Seasonal: Aberdeen, Belfast–International, Birmingham, Bournemouth, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Exeter, Glasgow, Humberside, Leeds/Bradford, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Norwich, Southampton,[55] Teesside[56]
Seasonal charter: Cork,[57] Dublin[57]
TUI fly Belgium[58] Seasonal: Antwerp, Brussels, Charleroi, Liège, Lille, Ostend/Bruges
TUI fly Deutschland Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hannover, Munich, Stuttgart
TUI fly Netherlands Seasonal: Amsterdam, Groningen, Rotterdam
TUI fly Nordic Seasonal charter: Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda, Gothenborg-Landvetter, Norrköping
Uep Fly Ibiza, Menorca
Ukraine International Airlines Seasonal: Kyiv–Boryspil
United Airlines Seasonal: Newark[59]
Volotea[60] Asturias, Bilbao
Seasonal: Bari, Bordeaux, Brest, Deauville, Lille,[61] Lyon, Marseille, Nantes, Salamanca, San Sebastián,[62] Strasbourg, Toulouse
Vueling[63] Alicante, Asturias, Barcelona, Bilbao, Copenhagen,[64] Granada, Jerez de la Frontera, Lisbon, Málaga, Munich, Paris–Orly, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stuttgart, Tenerife–North,[65] Valencia, Zaragoza, Zurich
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Billund,[64] Bordeaux, Cardiff, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote,[66] Marseille, Nantes, Rome–Fiumicino, Santander
Widerøe Seasonal: Bergen[67]
Wizz Air London–Gatwick, London–Luton
Seasonal: Bucharest,[68] Budapest, Cardiff,[69] Cluj-Napoca, Debrecen, Katowice, Rome–Fiumicino,[70] Warsaw–Chopin,[71] Venice[72]

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Swiftair[73] Barcelona, Madrid, Ibiza, Menorca

StatisticsEdit

Passenger statisticsEdit

Annual passenger traffic at PMI airport. See source Wikidata query.
Passengers Movements Cargo (kilos)
1999 19,127,773 168,533
2000 19,424,243 176,997 25,156,479
2001 19,206,964 169,603 23,068,964
2002 17,832,558 160,329 20,412,784
2003 19,185,919 168,988 19,935,677
2004 20,416,083 177,859 20,408,137
2005 21,240,736 182,028 21,025,694
2006 22,408,427 190,304 22,443,596
2007 23,228,879 197,384 22,833,556
2008 22,832,857 193,379 21,395,791
2009 21,203,041 177,502 17,086,478
2010 21,117,417 174,635 17,292,240
2011 22,726,707 180,152 15,777,101
2012 22,666,858 173,966 13,712,034
2013 22,768,032 170,140 12,236,854
2014 23,115,622 172,630 11,462,907
2015 23,745,023 178,254 11,373,639
2016 26,254,110 197,640 10,452,860
2017 27,950,655 208,787 10,191,236
2018 29,081,787 220,329 10,018,045
2019 29,721,123 217,218 9,021,606
2020 6,108,486 76,851 6,732,880
2021 14.496.857 141.189 6.754.791
Source: Aena Statistics[1]

Route statisticsEdit

Busiest national routes from Palma de Mallorca Airport January–December (2019)[74]
Rank City Passengers Top carriers
1 Barcelona 2,173,069 Air Europa, Ryanair Group, Vueling Airlines
2 Madrid 1,991,885 Air Europa, Iberia, Ryanair Group
3 Valencia 539,786 Air Europa, Iberia, Ryanair Group, Vueling Airlines
4 Ibiza 535,344 Air Europa, Iberia
5 Menorca 386,378 Air Europa, Iberia
6 Sevilla 352,202 Air Europa, Ryanair Group, Vueling Airlines
7 Alicante 298,284 Air Europa, Iberia, Ryanair Group, Vueling Airlines
8 Málaga 249,726 Air Europa, Ryanair Group, Vueling Airlines
9 Bilbao 243,853 Air Europa, Iberia, Vueling Airlines, Volotea
10 Granada 189,760 Air Europa, Vueling Airlines
Busiest international routes from Palma de Mallorca Airport January–December (2019)[74]
Rank City Passengers Top carriers
1 Düsseldorf, Germany 1,567,561 Lufthansa Group, Ryanair Group, Condor, TUI Group
2 Frankfurt, Germany 1,139,923 Lufthansa Group, Condor, Ryanair Group, TUI Group
3 Berlin-Tegel, Germany 905,260 EasyJet, Ryanair Group, Lufthansa Group, Sundair
4 Hamburg, Germany 890,130 Lufthansa Group, Ryanair Group, Condor, Sundair
5 Munich, Germany 887,185 Lufthansa Group, Ryanair Group, Condor, Vueling Airlines
6 Cologne, Germany 854,845 Lufthansa Group, Ryanair Group, TUI Group, Corendon Group
7 Stuttgart, Germany 797,873 Lufthansa Group, Ryanair Group, TUI Group, Condor, Vueling Airlines
8 Manchester, United Kingdom 790,489 Jet2.com, Ryanair Group, TUI Group, EasyJet
9 London-Gatwick, United Kingdom 772,157 EasyJet, TUI Group, British Airways, Norwegian
10 Hannover, Germany 643,195 Lufthansa Group, Condor, TUI Group, Ryanair Group

Accidents and incidentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit

  Media related to Palma de Mallorca Airport at Wikimedia Commons