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Linz Airport (German: Flughafen Linz, IATA: LNZ, ICAO: LOWL) is a primary international airport located near Linz, the third-largest city in Austria. In some contexts, the operator calls the airport the blue danube airport linz.

Linz Airport

Flughafen Linz
Hörsching Flughafen.JPG
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorFlughafen Linz GesmbH
ServesLinz, Austria
Elevation AMSL977 ft / 298 m
Coordinates48°14′00″N 14°11′15″E / 48.23333°N 14.18750°E / 48.23333; 14.18750Coordinates: 48°14′00″N 14°11′15″E / 48.23333°N 14.18750°E / 48.23333; 14.18750
Websitelinz-airport.com/en
Map
LNZ is located in Austria
LNZ
LNZ
Location of airport in Austria
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
09/27 9,842 3,000 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers465.798 Increase 15.9%[1]
Freight (including
road feeder service,
metric tons)
52.414 Decrease -2.9%[2]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

Air traffic used to take place at the Südbahnhofmarkt in the center of Linz where the zeppelin Estaric I took off on 30 October 1909. In 1925 air traffic was established between Linz and Vienna. Starting in 1934, the air traffic operation was based in the Linz-Katzenau district (nowadays industrial center), which was later terminated by the NSDAP after 1938. The airport was then moved to Hörsching.

The following table shows some of the units of the Luftwaffe (air force in Nazi Germany), which were deployed from 1943 to 1945.[3]

From To UnitUnit[4]
October 1943 December 1943 I./KG 51 (Bomber Wing 51)
November 1943 March 1944 III./KG 76
October 1944 April 1944 II./KG(J) 27
April 1945 April 1945 II./KG 51
April 1945 May 1945 I./JG 52 (Fighter Wing 52)

Since 1956 regular passenger air traffic takes place. Since 1966 daily flight connections to Frankfurt Airport are available.

Development since the 1970sEdit

In 1972 a passenger terminal was built and was officially opened in 1976. Since 1985 the flight path is equipped with an Instrument landing system, category IIIb. In the years 1998 to 2003 the passenger terminal was adjusted and enlarged. In 2005 a new instrument landing system (ILS) was put into operation at runway 08/26.

Until 1989 the supersonic jet Concorde landed several times at the airport. Since the 90s some cargo flights were dispatched by the high-capacity transporter Antonov An-124 Ruslan. In 2003 the world's largest cargo aircraft Antonov An-225 landed in Austria. On 2 June 2010 a Lufthansa Airbus A380-800 landed at Linz Airport, coming from Vienna and left for Munich.[5]

Amerer Air operated from the airport Linz from 1995 until 2009 and was the only cargo company in Austria.[6] In June 1994 the cargo terminal 1 was completed. In October 2013 the cargo terminal 5 was put into operation. 6 million euros were invested in the new cargo terminal.[7] With more than 100 companies, Linz Airport is the largest business park in Upper Austria. The Flughafen GmbH employs about 160 people.

Linz Airport is the fifth largest airport in Austria by passenger numbers after Vienna, Salzburg, Innsbruck and Graz. The airport is a shared property. 50% belongs to Upper Austria state and 50% belongs to Linz city.[8]

In February 2015, Austrian Airlines announced that they would reduce the domestic route between Linz and the capital Vienna from six down to two daily flights, as most travellers are expected to use the new and improved rail link between the two cities.[9] Since the inauguration of the new rail services in December 2014, the direct journey from Linz central station to Vienna International Airport takes a mere 1:47 hours without change of trains.[10] In September 2016, Austrian Airlines cut down the Linz-Vienna route again to only one flight per day and direction, stating extremely poor passenger numbers. Most travelers between Linz and Vienna now use the aforementioned rail link, as nearly one Railjet per hour departs for Vienna on which Austrian Airlines sells AirRail tickets as well.[11]

Because of geopolitical crises and terrorist attacks in holiday destinations, the demand for package holiday has declined all over Europe. The blue danube airport noted a drop in the destinations of Egypt and Turkey. In cooperation with ARGE "Flieg from Linz", Ibiza and Burgas were therefore included in the summer program 2016 and Tenerife in the winter program.[12] Due to an increasing demand, services to Greece and Egypt will be extended in 2018. Besides this, there will be direct flights to Rostock and Monastir again on a weekly basis starting from 2018.[13][14]

In the first six months of 2018 the airport recorded a significant increase in numbers and a positive effect on passenger development. More than 200.000 passengers used Linz Airport for their trips. Compared to the first half of 2017, traveler traffic increased by 16.8%, which makes 30,879 passengers in total. The holiday travel segment grew by 42.2%. The connections via Frankfurt raised as Lufthansa operates by larger aircraft. Palma de Mallorca has become accessible five times a week, twice by Eurowings and three times by Laudamotion. The airport was able to expand its offer towards the Baltic Sea, making it the only federal airport in Austria to offer this destination. Other newly popular destinations are Turkey, Egypt and Greece.[15] Due to an entire airstrip lockdown of the Salzburg Airport from end of April until end of May 2019, the daily Salzburg-Istanbul flights from Turkish Airlines are going to be translocated to Linz. The operation of this field trial could result a regular flight connection between Linz and Istanbul.[16]

In summer 2019 the Bulgarian Air Charter will launch its premiere from Linz airport with destinations to Bulgaria and Greece. Due to new and future destinations, the number of seats in charter flights will be increased by 20%, from 80,000 to 95,000 seats.[17]

FacilitiesEdit

 
Main hall
 
Check-in area
 
Control tower
 
Aerial view of Linz with the airport on the left side of the picture

Linz Airport is relatively small, with 11 gates. There is a shop and café in the entrance hall, connected to the check-in and airline desks. The airport restaurant can accommodate up to 450 people. On Sundays guest can book a special champagne brunch and on Friday the restaurant offers an Italian themed evening. In addition, the event "Dinner & Crime" takes regularly place at the restaurant. It is a typical Murder mystery game, which is held all over Austria, where the guests can participate and help to solve the murder case alongside professional actors. The Sky Gourmet Restaurant is the only venue for the event in Upper Austria. Beyond the security checks there is a duty-free shop and a small café accessible from both the domestic and international gate areas.

The airport also has a roof terrace, which can be visited during the summer months between 6 and 23 o'clock to observe the airplanes. For guests of the airport the access is free of charge. The rooftop also has a playground for children. For so called plane spotters special viewing spots were created, where visiters are able to take pictures of the planes from a wide range of angles without having to worry about any annoying obstacles.[18]

The airport is equipped with a 3000 meter long precision runway with two instrumental landing systems, as well as a helicopter landing pad. For medium-haul aircraft 16 parking positions are available. Linz Airport is actually a military airport but with a civil right of use. The civil part is located north of the landing strip. To the south lie the second largest barracks of Austria as well as a military airfield named "Fliegerhorst Vogler". On 1 November 2010, both runway 09/27 and helicopter landing pad 07/25 were renamed to runway 08/26 and helicopter landing pad 07/25 due to permanent changes in the magnetic declination. Since the submitted variation of the compass rose results in such a magnetic value which lies closer to 08/26 than the existing identification code 09/27, the Austrian flight control Austro Control initiated the tracking of the new runway designation.

The Cargo sector of the airport operates worldwide under the brand Air Cargo Center. In 2017 there was a significant cargo increase with a total of 53,796 tons of cargo. Thus the airport could strengthen its leading position as Austria’s largest regional airport for cargo services and further increase cargo services by more than 20% compared to last year.[19] Besides the daily rotation of DHL Aviation (Ljubljana – Linz – Leipzig) extra cargo transactions are often handled. The first cargo terminal was completed in 1994. A year later the new extensions was already in progress and opened finale in 1996. In 2000 followed the opening of the third cargo terminal. In June 2014 DHL Global Forwarding transported 9.5 tons of steel tiling from Linz to Mumbai by a Boeing 747-400F.[20] Following the ongoing expansion of the cargo facilities and the opening of cargo terminal 5 on 17 October 2013, a building the size of 70x35 meters, a 2.900 m² cargo hall, 12 loading bays as well as two sawtooth ramps were created.[7] Linz Airport is also equipped to dispatch jumbo jets.[21] Following the legal authorization in August 2017, DHL Express is in the process of setting up a new logistics center at the airport.[22] More than 25 million euros are invested in its construction. The merger aims to establish quality advantages and ensure increased safety standards.[23] Due to modern building technology, more than 360 tons of CO₂ are to be saved each year. In addition, there will be up to 180 more jobs through the new DHL location.[24]

The General Aviation Center is housed in a separate terminal and coordinates among others the following points: Passport and customs checks, refueling, cleaning, defrosting as well as several other passenger and crew services.[25]

The airline pilot school AeronautX Luftfahrtschule is also located in the airport.

AccessibilityEdit

The airport has special parking spaces for passengers with reduced mobility. These pitches have a 20% discount. In addition, there are telephones which can be used to contact the airport personnel and request a free wheelchair, if necessary. The airport itself has elevators and ramps which make the changing of levels easier. Important places such as: Toilets and laundry rooms, as well as the airport restaurant are either on the ground floor or accessible by elevator. 500 MB of free data volume in the WLAN are available to each passenger free of charge. On request, there is also a health psychologist dedicated to travelers' fears of flying.[26]

OwnershipEdit

Linz airport is operated by Flughafen Linz GmbH, which is owned in equal parts by OÖ Verkehrsholding GmbH and Linz city.

Since May 2018 Norbert Draskovits is managing director of the blue danube airport Linz. His concept for ‘Linz Airport 2030’, his longtime professional experience and his industry-specific contacts convinced in the process of application. He was formerly head of management board and Vice President Commercial at FlyNiki. Draskovits, married and father of two adult children, replaces former managing director Gerhard Kunesch who is retiring.[27]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Linz Airport:[28]

AirlinesDestinations
Austrian Airlines Düsseldorf
Seasonal charter: Chania,[29] Karpathos,[29] Rhodes,[29] Zakynthos[29]
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya
Corendon Airlines Europe Seasonal: Heraklion, Rhodes (begins 20 May 2019)[30]
Czech Airlines Seasonal charter: Brač
Eurowings Seasonal: Corfu, Palma de Mallorca
Level Seasonal: Calvi, Vienna
Lufthansa Frankfurt
SunExpress Seasonal charter: Antalya

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
DHL Aviation Leipzig/Halle, Ljubljana[citation needed]

StatisticsEdit

In terms of passenger figures the airport is ranked as number five of the six commercial airports in Austria. These numbers are quoted according to Austria’s traffic statistics.[31][32]

Year Passengers Aircraft operations Air cargo
(metric tons)
Total cargo
(incl. road feeder service,
metric tons)
2005 726,529 13,955 0.384 31,829
2006 762,094 12,705 0.404 33,862
2007 773,114 14,282 1,505 34,661
2008 803,163 15,674 5,181 36,540
2009 682,945 13,881 5,709 33,325
2010 692,039 13,688 6,558 w/o 44,809
2011 679,220 10,669 8,341 w/o 47,341
2012 623,385 10,894 8,283 w/o 42,974
2013 549,961 10,227 9,531 w/o 42,987
2014 561,295 10,433 10,994 w/o 44,414
2015 529,785 8,365 10,329 w/o 45,985
2016 435,468 10,433 10,994 w/o 44,881
2017 402.007 6.890 10.255 w/o 53.976
2018 465.798 6.932 8.298 w/o 52.414

Accidents and incidentsEdit

The database of the Aviation Safety Network collects all fatal flight accidents worldwide since 1943. There are no registered accidents in the closer area of Linz Airport since the last update in 2014.[33]

AccessEdit

BusEdit

Bus line 601 connects the airport within 20 minutes with the city centre of Linz. There is an additional free shuttle service for travellers from Hörsching railway station which itself can be reached from Linz main station.[35]

CarEdit

The airport can be reached via federal highways B139 (which connects to motorway A1 Vienna – Germany) and B1. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport. There are three short-stay and schedule car parks, which offer place for 1,050 cars. Additionally, there are two large car parks with 2,300 parking spaces which are located at the side of the terminal. Passengers can use a shuttle service that takes them to the departure hall.[36] At the schedule car park L2 is also an electronic charging station for free use. Available for any E-cars, E-bikes or Segways.[37]

EnvironmentEdit

URISEdit

The blue danube airport Linz gets support from the URIS (Umfeld Rückkoppelungs- und Informations-System)- Council in its environmental concerns. The Council was founded in 1999 and works as a neutral contact point for all neighboring communities. In the URIS-council following interest groups are represented:[38]

  • Residents communities Ansfelden, Hörsching, Kirchberg-Thenning, Linz, Leonding, Marchtrenk, Oftering, Pasching, Traun
  • Bezirkshauptmannschaft Linz-Land
  • Federal Ministry of Defence
  • Economic Chamber, district office Linz-Land
  • Chamber of Labour Upper Austria
  • Industrialists Association Upper Austria
  • Airport Linz

Aircraft noise measurementEdit

At the end of 2003 three new noise monitoring stations have been set up in the region of Linz airport, which measure and record around the clock the current sound level. The two stationary stations (Oftering and Traun) as well as the mobile measuring trailer were purchased from the Blue Danube Airport to complement the existing aircraft nose measurements. The stationary stations are 2,500 m (fire brigade Oftering) or 3,000 m (cemetery Linz) away from the nearest slope. The environmental protection department of Upper Austria analyzes the results and documents them in regular reports.[39][40] The current maximum value is 87.2 dB (civil) and 93.7 dB (military) in Oftering, 89.2 dB (civil) and 94.0 dB (military) in Traun and 81.8 dB (civil) and 87.0 dB (military) at the mobile station (status 2014).[41]

SafetyEdit

The airport has its own fire department whose area of responsibility is stated in national and international guidelines. The fire department has 6 cars with a total of 37,000 liters of water and 4500 kg foam or powder.[42] In December 2017, the blue danube airport was awarded the EU certificate by the EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency). The certificate confirms the quality and compliance with high safety standards in airport operations and for passengers. The Vienna International Airport, as well as Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz, Salzburg and the Bad Vöslau Airport are also holders of the EASA certificate.

TriviaEdit

The Runway Night Run is a 5 km long marathon which takes place on the slopes of the Blue Danube Airport in Linz. Individuals as well as teams of three can participate. The starters of the teams are also included in the individual competition. The start and finish of the marathon are located at the Northwest corner of the shelf. The route runs along the apron of the taxiway "Foxtrot" to the runway. In the east at the end of the runway "08" is the turning point. Then it goes south to the runway "26" which leads you west to the taxiway "Golf" and finally to the finish line. Apart from the location, the beginning at exactly midnight is another special feature of the marathon.[43][44][45]

The DHL airport NIGHT RUN 2018 took place on the 31st of august, 2018. New airport director, Mag. Norbert Draskovits, was on the starting line to complete the 5km run, alongside 2.500 participants, far more runners than the year before. Several cooperation partners including DHL made the midnight event to be a great success.[46]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Traffic figures". Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Traffic figures". Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Luftwaffe Airfields 1935-45 Austria (1937 Borders)" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 9 March 2015.
  4. ^ "Luftwaffe Airfields 1935-45 Austria (1937 Borders)" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Airbus A380 in Linz gelandet". Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  6. ^ "Wettbewerbsauslobung" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  7. ^ a b "2005 Onwards". Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  8. ^ "Flughafen Linz GesmbH" (in German). Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  9. ^ "AUA kündigt Welcome-Air-Wetlease - Austrian Aviation Net". Austrianaviation.net. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  10. ^ "Flughafen Wien - Bahnverbindungen". Viennaairport.com. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  11. ^ "Linz-Wien: Zug statt Flug - Austrian Aviation Net". Austrianaviation.net. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  12. ^ "Statistics". Linz-airport.com. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  13. ^ "Wieder ein Rostock-Flug". nachrichten.at. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  14. ^ "Verkehrszahlen 2017". Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  15. ^ "Flughafen Linz auf Wachstumskurs". Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  16. ^ "Flughafen Linz legt zweistellig zu". Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  17. ^ "Leichter Aufwind für den Flughafen Linz-Hörsching". Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  18. ^ "plane spotting". Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  19. ^ "Statistiken" (in German). Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  20. ^ "DHL lieferte Riesenbleche mit "Nose Up" Jumbo Charter" (in German). Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  21. ^ "Neues Frachtterminal am Flughafen Linz eröffnet" (in German). Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  22. ^ "DHL zieht positive Zwischenbilanz nach einem Jahr in Österreich" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  23. ^ "Hörsching: DHL Express plant eine ressourcenschonende Niederlassung am Blue Danube Airport" (in German). Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  24. ^ "DHL EXPRESS PLANT NEUE, HOCHMODERNE, RESSOURCENSCHONENDE NIEDERLASSUNG AM FLUGHAFEN LINZ-HÖRSCHING" (in German). Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  25. ^ "General Aviation". Linz-airport.com. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  26. ^ "Service". Linz-airport.com. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  27. ^ "Norbert Draskovits: Neuer Direktor für den Flughafen Linz steht fest". meinbezirk.at (in German). Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  28. ^ "Timetable". Linz-airport.com. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  29. ^ a b c d "Timetable". myholiday.austrian.com.
  30. ^ Liu, Jim. "Corendon Airlines Europe S19 new routes/sectors". Routesonline. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  31. ^ "Statistik Austria". Statistik.at (in German). Retrieved 3 March 2016.
  32. ^ "Statistics". Linz-airport.com. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  33. ^ "Länderseite Österreich". Avitation-safety.net (in German). Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  34. ^ "YU-ABK Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
  35. ^ "Getting here & Parking". Linz-airport.com. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  36. ^ "Linz Airport". Sirportsineurope.com. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  37. ^ "Service". Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  38. ^ "URIS". Linz-airport.com. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  39. ^ "Lärmbericht Flughafen Linz Noise Report" (PDF). Land-oberoesterreich.gv.at (in German). Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  40. ^ "Schallmessungen Flughafen Linz" (in German). Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  41. ^ "Fluglärm-Messwerte". Land-oberoesterreich.gv.at (in German). Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  42. ^ "Daten und Fakten". Linz-airport.com (in German). Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  43. ^ "News". Runwaynightrun.at (in German). Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  44. ^ "Runway Night Run am Flughafen Linz". Austrianwings.info (in German). Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  45. ^ "RUNWAY NIGHT RUN am Flughafen Linz". St-veit.ooe.gv.at (in German). Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  46. ^ "DHL EXPRESS SETZT ÄUSSERST ERFOLGREICHE PARTNERSCHAFT MIT AIRPORT NIGHT RUN AM FLUGHAFEN LINZ HÖRSCHING FORT" (in German). Retrieved 2 October 2018.

External linksEdit