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Nuremberg Airport (IATA: NUE, ICAO: EDDN), German: Albrecht Dürer Flughafen Nürnberg, is the international airport of the Franconian metropolitan area of Nuremberg and the second-busiest airport in Bavaria after Munich Airport. With about 4.1 million passengers handled in 2019, it is Germany's 10th biggest airport. It is located approximately 5 km north of Nuremberg's city centre and offers flights within Germany as well as to European metropolitan and leisure destinations, especially along the Mediterranean Sea, on the Canary Islands and in Egypt.
"Albrecht Dürer" Flughafen Nürnberg
|Owner/Operator||Flughafen Nürnberg GmbH|
|Opened||6 April 1955|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||1,046 ft / 319 m|
Nuremberg Airport was the first airport constructed in Germany after World War II. It was inaugurated on 6 April 1955.
In 1960, the number of passengers at Nuremberg Airport reached 100,000 for the first time. In 1961 the runway was extended from 1,900 to 2,300 metres (7,500 ft), and in 1968 the runway was extended to its present length of 2,700 metres (8,900 ft), allowing jumbo jets to use it. On 12 July 1970, a Boeing 747 landed at the airport for the first time and attracted 20,000 visitors.
The apron was enlarged in 1977 and in 1981 a new passenger terminal with an observation deck and a restaurant replaced the previous building. In December 1986, the one million passenger mark was passed for the first time.
Development from the 1990sEdit
The new control tower commenced operations in 1999 and the metro station was opened. In 2002, departure hall 2 was extended and a year later the cargo centre CCN2 with 6,500 m2 (70,000 sq ft) of storage space and 4,600 m2 (50,000 sq ft) of office space was inaugurated after one and a half years' construction. In 2005 Nuremberg Airport celebrated its 50th anniversary with 45,000 visitors. The new transfer control terminal with a floor space of 8,500 m2 (91,000 sq ft) and a new main gate (Tor 1) were completed a year later in 2006. In addition, a fully automatic luggage sorting system was put into operation.
Nuremberg Airport has been voted "Best German Airport" by readers of the Business Traveller magazine consecutively since 2008.
In April 2013 Air Berlin permanently shut down its winter seasonal hub in Nuremberg which had been maintained for several years.
In October 2016, Ryanair announced it would open a base at Nuremberg Airport consisting of two aircraft while four additional routes were inaugurated. In the same month, Air Berlin announced it would close its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures. Shortly after, Germania announced it would open a new base at Nuremberg Airport consisting of one aircraft which served several new leisure routes. 2017 saw the bankruptcy of Air Berlin ending a trend of Air Berlin withdrawing service from the airport with the grounding of all Air Berlin flights. In January 2018, Eurowings announced it would establish a base at the airport consisting of one aircraft and four new routes as well as increased frequencies. After the demise of Germania in early 2019, TUI fly Deutschland announced it would base aircraft in Nuremberg to take over several leisure destinations. In late 2019 Ryanair announced the closure of their base in Nuremberg effective with the end of the winter schedule.
In June 2021, Lufthansa announced the termination of its very short route to Munich Airport, a flight covering around 170 km taking less than 30 minutes, and faced criticism from an environmental standpoint.
The runway 10/28 is 2,700 by 45 m (8,858 by 148 ft). Takeoff and landing of all current aircraft, including widebody aircraft (e.g. Boeing 747) or cargo planes (e.g. Antonov An-124 Ruslan) are possible. However, Nuremberg Airport is not licensed for the Airbus A380. Starting in July 2009, the runway was refurbished gradually in several phases. The surfaces of the runway and taxiways were renovated using the latest technology. A new flare-path, drainage channels and a new electric ring surrounding the entire runway were added. In 2010, the runway was shortened to 2,300 m (7,500 ft) temporarily to allow construction to continue. In 2011, work on the centerpiece of the runway began. The work was completed in 2015.
The apron is 246,845 m2 (2,657,020 sq ft) in space and provides parking positions for 37 planes.
The passenger terminal consists of two departure halls and one arrival hall which are all linked landside and airside. The check-in area features 40 desks. In December 2015 the new security control between departure halls 1 and 2 on the ground floor opened, replacing earlier facilities upstairs in hall 2 as machines had gotten too heavy.
The extension of departure hall 2 was inaugurated on 30 April 1992 and was originally dimensioned for 2.8 million passengers per year. Now there is room for 5 million passengers per year. Daylight dominates the transparent construction made of steel and glass drafted by Nuremberg architects Grabow and Hoffmann. The construction phase took three years and cost about 100 million Deutsche Mark. The extension of the apron was included in the building costs as well as three modern air bridges. Today, there are four finger docks available.
On 25 January 2007 the newest addition, the Transfer-Control-Terminal (TCT) was opened. It not only serves as a capacity extension but it also allows for new legislation concerning security measures: since EU Regulation 2320/2002 airports have to make sure that non-EU passengers are controlled before continuing their trip to countries of the European Union and don't get mixed up with passengers who have already been checked. There is a second security control for the stricter security procedures for flights to Israel inside the TCT when fights to Israel operate.
In 1987, Cargo Center Nuremberg (CCN) was put into operation. When the Cold War ended and after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Nuremberg won back its central location in Europe. As a consequence Nuremberg Airport and air freight quickly gained in importance in the 1990s.
Nuremberg is also the economic and service metropolis of Franconia with approximately 150,000 companies and enterprises taking advantage of the locality of Nuremberg as a traffic junction of highways and railroads. The region's export share of 42% is remarkably high and above German average. In addition, several headquarters of internationally operating companies are located in the region, for example Siemens, Adidas, Bosch, Puma and Faber-Castell.
Due to the positive trend, Cargo Center II (CCN II) was built in 2003. Today, almost 13,317 m2 (143,340 sq ft) storage space and 7,000 m2 (75,000 sq ft) of office space is available at Nuremberg Airport. 107,123 tons of cargo were handled in 2010.
Deutsche Flugsicherung (DFS), which is in charge of air traffic control in Germany, moved into the 48-metre-high (157 ft) tower in November 1998. The control tower at Nuremberg Airport was designed by architect Günther Behnisch and has become the architectural landmark of the airport with its dynamic silhouette. It was built because the original control tower was only 18 meters high. The project cost approximately 30 million Deutsche Mark.
There are about 8,000 car parking spaces at Nuremberg Airport. Apart from three car parks, there are various parking lots in close vicinity to the terminals. The newest facility is car park P3 with seven levels and 2,200 parking spaces. There are different tariffs to choose from, for example "BusinessParken" (business parking) or "UrlauberParken" (holiday parking). Nuremberg Airport also offers valet parking with additional services, like refueling, car wash, maintenance or safekeeping of valuables. As of 2019 another multistorey car parking structure is being built east of the existing ones, closer to the main access road. All parking facilities are no more 5 minutes' walking distance from the terminals. There are short-term parking spots directly on the airport forecourt in front of the terminals.
Nuremberg Airport is also a center for Deutsche Rettungsflugwacht e.V (DRF) and HDM Flugservice air rescue services which operate a rescue helicopter and an intensive care helicopter, respectively. Furthermore, several ADAC air ambulances and Flight Ambulance International (FAI) are based in Nuremberg.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Nuremberg Airport:
The U-Bahn (Metro) line U2 serves the airport at the Flughafen station. Trains connect the airport with the centre of the city every 10 minutes. The ride to the Hauptbahnhof (Central Railway Station) and the nearby Altstadt (historic old town) only takes 13 minutes. Nuremberg Airport is the only airport in Germany to be served by U-Bahn rather than S-Bahn, Tramway or Deutsche Bahn.
Bus number 30 connects the airport with bus and tram stop "am Wegfeld" before continuing to Erlangen. Since December 2015 new line 33 was installed, allowing passengers from Nuremberg's west-neighbouring city Fürth getting to the airport quicker without taking a detour via Nuremberg Central Station. Since the extension of Tram Line 4 from Thon to am Wegfeld, Bus line 30 which formerly terminated in Thon has been rerouted to the airport, thus offering a direct connection to downtown Erlangen from the airport for the first time.
Because of the airport's close-in location and its direct connections to local streets, it is also possible to walk or ride a bicycle from nearby neighborhoods right up to the terminal.
In addition to developing strategies to reduce noise pollution the department also implements regular measurements of air pollutants and soil analyses. In 2003, a biomonitoring campaign with honey bees was launched at the airport.
The water collected on the 70 ha of sealed or covered areas is being filtered and analyzed before it gets fed into receiving water courses, to prevent pollution due to oils or fuels. If the analyzed TOC value is above the threshold level, the water is discharged into the sewerage. Over the years, surface and aircraft de-icing fluids have been replaced by substances with higher biodegradability.
Airport Business CenterEdit
In 2009, it was decided that a new hotel with conference rooms and offices will be built at the airport roundabout. ConTech GmbH and the architect's office Christ, both from Nuremberg, will realize the project with investor ZBI. In 2011 the plans were put on hold until the motorway connection is completed.
Direct access to motorway A3 has been planned for several years. A direct route to the airport with a tunnel under the runway to reduce traffic through city district Ziegelstein is favored and spatial planning has already been completed. However, further planning has been delayed as environmental organization Bund Naturschutz and alliance Nein zur Flughafen-Nordanbindung! are vehemently against the plans. While the decision to construct motorway access is ultimately taken at the federal level, ahead of the 2020 mayoral elections candidates of CSU, SPD and Greens have all voiced their opposition to the plans of constructing such a road.
Accidents and incidentsEdit
- airliners.de – Eurowings opens base in Nuremberg Archived 28 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine (German) 21 January 2018
- "ADV Monthly Traffic Report 12/2019" (PDF). www.adv.aero. Arbeitsgemeinschaft Deutscher Verkehrsflughäfen e.V. 13 February 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
- "EAD Basic – Error Page". www.ead.eurocontrol.int. Archived from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2013. Retrieved 31 March 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) airport-nuremberg.de – Summer 2013 schedule
- "Best Airport in Germany 9th successive Business Traveller award for Nuremberg Airport". airport-nuernberg.de/en. Flughafen Nürnberg GmbH. 14 July 2016. Archived from the original on 18 January 2018. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
for the 9th time in a row, Albrecht Dürer Airport Nuremberg was voted the Best Airport in Germany for business travellers.
- "Air Berlin streicht Touristik-Drehkreuz in Nürnberg". airliners.de. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 February 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Ryanair bringt sich als Air-Berlin-Alternative ins Gespräch". aero.de. 5 October 2016. Archived from the original on 6 February 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- rbb-online.de – "Air Berlin wants to cancel nearly 500 staff nationwide" (German) 14 October 2016
- "Germania eröffnet Basis am Airport Nürnberg". airliners.de. Archived from the original on 6 February 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- aerotelegraph.com – "Sundair and TUIfly help at Dresden and Nuremberg" 7 Februar 2019
- businessinsider.de (German) 24 June 2021
- "Airport Maps". airport-nuernberg.de. Archived from the original on 26 June 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 August 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Nuremberg Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Retrieved 30 August 2017
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 January 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "FAI Flight Ambulance – 24/7 Patient Transport by Ambulance Jet". www.fai.ag. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Flight Schedule". www.airport-nuernberg.de. Retrieved 30 August 2020.
- "Flight plan". sunexpress.com.
- "Egypt's Air Cairo, SunExpress ink cooperation agreement". ch-aviation.com. 8 March 2021.
- "Search: NUE". Corendon Airlines.
- "Flight". fti.de.
- Liu, Jim (16 February 2021). "Letnie cięcia w siatce połączeń LOT-u". pasazer.com.
- "New cities and impressions: SkyUp announces flights to Hanover and Nuremberg". skyup.aero. 11 February 2021.
- "annual report 2010" (PDF) (in German). Flughafen Nürnberg GmbH. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 September 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- "annual report 2015" (PDF) (in German). Flughafen Nürnberg GmbH. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 September 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- "annual report 2016" (PDF) (in German). Flughafen Nürnberg GmbH. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 September 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- "annual report 2017" (PDF) (in German). Flughafen Nürnberg GmbH. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
- "Monitoring of airborne pollutants". airport-nuernberg.de. Retrieved 22 February 2011.[permanent dead link]
- "Beim Gepäck: Flughafen Nürnberg setzt auf E-Mobilität".
- "Airport Nürnberg setzt auf Elektromobilität". 19 March 2019.
- "Airport setzt auf Nachhaltigkeit: Standort wird mit 100 Prozent Ökostrom versorgt".
- "Flughafen Nürnberg setzt auf Ökostrom".
- nordbayern.de – CSU will Nordanbindung bald – Brehm wettert gegen SPD (German) 11 February 2016
- "Flughafen Nürnberg nach Unfall wieder in Betrieb". Süddeutsche Zeitung. Archived from the original on 12 January 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
- "Flughafen Nürnberg nach Unfall wieder in Betrieb". Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- Bernd Windsheimer: 50 Jahre Airport Nürnberg 1955–2005. Geschichte der Luftfahrt in Nürnberg, Nürnberg 2005
Media related to Nuremberg Airport at Wikimedia Commons