Memmingen Airport (IATA: FMM, ICAO: EDJA), also known as Allgäu Airport Memmingen, is an international airport in the town of Memmingerberg near Memmingen, in the Swabia region of Germany. It is the smallest of the three commercial airports in Bavaria after Munich Airport and Nuremberg Airport and has the highest altitude of any commercial airport in Germany. It is operated by Flughafen Memmingen GmbH, a limited partnership of mostly local, medium-sized companies and public shares.
|Serves||Memmingen and the Allgäu, Germany|
|Focus city for||Ryanair and Wizz Air|
|Elevation AMSL||633 m / 2,077 ft|
Located about 3.8 km (2.4 mi) from the centre of Memmingen and 110 km (68 mi) from the city centre of Munich, it serves Memmingen and the Allgäu area and offers easy access to regions in Southern Germany, Vorarlberg and Tirol in Austria and Eastern Switzerland. It also provides a low-cost alternative to Munich Airport and therefore is sometimes referred to as Memmingen/Munich-West Airport. It features flights to European leisure and some metropolitan destinations and handled nearly 1,18 million passengers in 2017 and nearly 1,5 million passengers in 2018.
A military airfield was built at Memmingerberg in 1935. It was used during World War II. After being rebuilt, it was used for US Air Force training flights from 1956. From 1959 to 2003, it was the home base of German Air Force fighterbomber wing 34 ("Allgäu").
The airport was certified as a regional commercial airport on 20 July 2004 and commenced operation on 5 August 2004, but there were no scheduled or regular chartered flights. Scheduled flights to the 2005 Hanover Fair were cancelled due to lack of demand. In June 2005, the district of Oberallgäu granted initial finance of €480,000. A further sum of €200,000 was granted by the city of Memmingen after a popular vote on 25 September 2005. In 2006, scheduled flights to Dortmund and Rostock were planned but cancelled because the carrier became insolvent. In autumn 2006, Luftfahrtgesellschaft Walter offered chartered flights to Dortmund for two months, during which only 100 passengers were carried.
On 28 June 2007, TUIfly started offering domestic flights to Berlin, Hamburg and Cologne/Bonn and also flights to holiday destinations such as Mallorca, Crete, Naples, Rome, Venice and Antalya. In March 2009, Ryanair announced seven new routes to/from Memmingen starting May 2009. They have continued to announce new routes and from May 2010 Ryanair operated 14 routes to and from Memmingen. Wizz Air also started serving Memmingen and has established eight routes since then. On 24 October 2013, Ryanair announced a new seasonal service to Shannon, while Palermo was added as a destination from the summer season of 2015. On 9 September 2016, Ryanair has also included the Bulgarian city ov Sofia in its flight schedule. Since 7 August 2009, the Hungarian airline Wizz Air connects Memmingen with Kiev and from 22 September 2009 to February 2010 the Polish Katowice was also offered. Since 1 November 2014, Wizz Air has been flying twice a week to the Romanian city of Timisoara. For the 2015 summer schedule, Wizz Air announced that it would expand its commitment and serve the cities of Tuzla in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Bulgarian city of Sofia and the Lithuanian capital Vilnius. With the new destinations Sibiu, Kutaisi, Nis and Podgorica, Wizz Air replaced Ryanair as the most active airline at Memmingen airport in its summer schedule 2016.
On 5 June 2014, the airport welcomed its five-millionth passenger.
In December 2014, InterSky announced that it would be taking over the domestic flights from Memmingen to Berlin and Hamburg by 1 March 2015, as Germanwings had announced that it would cease the same services just a few days earlier. In earlier years, these routes had already been unsuccessfully served by TUIfly, Air Berlin and Avanti Air.
In May 2015, InterSky announced that it would have a presence at Memmingen Airport by October 2015 consisting of one aircraft, adding a new route to Cologne and increasing frequencies on the already existing services to Berlin and Hamburg. Later, that plan was changed as a triangular route of Friedrichshafen - Memmingen - Cologne/Bonn will be established instead of basing an aircraft in Memmingen. However, on 6 November 2015, InterSky ceased all operations due to financial difficulties, leaving Memmingen again without any domestic connections.
Ryanair announced in March 2017 plans to establish its second Bavarian base (after Nuremberg Airport) in Memmingen from October 2017 consisting of one aircraft and seven additional routes. Since 31 March 2019, another Ryanair aircraft has been stationed in Memmingen and the workforce has been increased to 70 employees.
2017 has been announced the first business year in which the airport achieved a profit at year end since the start of public services. In August 2018, the airport announced the schedule for its planned expansion which will take place from September 2018 until 2020. While the runway will be widened and its guidance system and lightning upgraded, the luggage facilities will see an expansion.
On 6 December 2018, the 10 millionth passenger was welcomed.
Memmingen Airport has one passenger terminal building equipped with 10 check-in counters and 7 departure gates used for Schengen flights (1-3) on the ground floor and non-Schengen flights (4-7) on the upper floor. The building has no jet bridges, therefore walk-boarding and bus-boarding is used. There is also a duty-free shop, as well as some restaurants and car-hire facilities at the airport. The terminal has a capacity of two million passengers per year.
Runway and apronEdit
Memmingen Airport has an Instrument Landing System (ILS) Category 1 for runway 24 and is equipped with NDB/DME and GPS RNAV. Although the runway length of nearly 3 km (1.9 mi) would allow larger planes to take off and land, the airport's operations certificate only allows planes with wingspans up to 36 m due to the narrow taxiways originally designed to accommodate Lockheed F-104G Starfighters and Panavia Tornados. Additionally, the runway is 30 metres (98 ft) wide due to its former use as a facility for jet fighter aircraft. However, an expansion to the international standard 45 metres (148 ft) has been granted and was under preparation as of 2016 with construction to begin in spring 2019.
Two aprons provide parking spaces for five mid-sized aircraft such as the Airbus A320, Airbus A321 and Boeing 737 at a time as well as some smaller business jets. There is an additional smaller apron for general aviation aircraft located on the other side of the runway.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Memmingen Airport:
|Corendon Airlines||Seasonal: Antalya|
|People's||Seasonal charter: Calvi, Naples|
|Ryanair|| Alicante, Athens, Banja Luka, Edinburgh, Fez, Faro, London–Stansted, Lviv, Málaga, Marrakesch, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Sevilla, Sofia, Stockholm-Skavsta, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki, Warsaw–Modlin |
Seasonal: Alghero, Brindisi, Burgas, Chania, Dublin, Girona, Zadar
|Wizz Air||Belgrade, Bucharest, Chișinău, Cluj–Napoca, Kiev–Zhuliany, Kutaisi, Niš, Ohrid (begins 1 July 2019), Podgorica, Pristina, Sibiu, Skopje, Sofia, Târgu Mureș, Timișoara, Tirana, Tuzla, Varna|
The airport is located close to the A96 motorway (Memmingen Ost exit) and its intersection with the A7 motorway. The A96 leads directly to Munich, Lake Constance and Switzerland, while the A7 leads to Ulm, Flensburg and Austria. Taxis as well as several car-hire companies are available at counters in the terminal building.
There are coach services from Memmingen Airport directly to Munich (journey time approx. 90 minutes) with the Allgäu Airport Express and to many different destinations with Flixbus. The stop of all busses are directly in front of the terminal.
Local bus lines 2 and 810/811 connect the airport within a 15-minute drive with Memmingen town centre, including Memmingen railway station, from where frequent Deutsche Bahn regional services depart for Munich (journey time approx. 1:35) and Augsburg, as well as some long-distance Swiss Federal Railways services to Bregenz and Zürich.
- br.de - "Over one million passengers at Allgäu Airport Memmingen 8 January 2017
- "Allgäu Airport begrüßt den fünfmillionsten Passagier - Allgäu Airport". www.allgaeu-airport.de.
- "Memmingen erhält neue Verbindung ins Baltikum".
- "Memmingen - Intersky statt Germanwings". 22 December 2014.
- "Intersky kehrt nach Köln zurück". 18 May 2015.
- "Intersky verlinkt Friedrichshafen mit Memmingen". 16 June 2015.
- austrianaviation.net - "InterSky is grounded" Archived 8 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine (German) 6 November 2015
- antenne.de - "Allgäu Airport becomes second Bavarian Ryanair base" (German) 21 March 2017
- allgaeu-airport.de - Flughafen erhält EASA-Zertifikat (German) 21 December 2017
- aerotelegraph.com - Flughafen Memmingen schreibt erstmals Gewinn (German) 16 August 2018
- airliners.de - Zeitplan für Memmingen-Ausbau abgesteckt (German) 2 August 2018
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 February 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- all-in.de - Längere Betriebszeiten und Verbreiterung der Startbahn: Gericht weist Klagen gegen Allgäu Airport ab 14 July 2015
- allgaeu-airport.com - Destinations from Memmingen Airport retrieved 17 April 2019
- austrianaviation.net - "People's presents summer schedule" (German) 28 November 2017
- "Flughafen Memmingen: 75 Prozent mehr Passagiere". 7 January 2010.
- "Bilanz 2011: Allgäu Airport legt eine Wachstumspause ein - Allgäu Airport". www.allgaeu-airport.de.
- "Bilanz 2013: Bessere Auslastung, leichter Rückgang bei den Fluggastzahlen - Allgäu Airport". www.allgaeu-airport.de.
- "Flughafen Memmingen verbucht zweistelliges Minus bei Passagierzahlen".
- austrianaviation.net - Memmingen mit knapp 18% Passagierplus (German) 5 January 2016
- GmbH, Südwest Presse Online-Dienste (5 January 2017). "Airport: Allgäu Airport ständig im Aufwind".
- GmbH, Südwest Presse Online-Dienste (5 January 2017). "Airport: Allgäu Airport ständig im Aufwind".
- "With bus and train to Memmingen Airport". www.allgaeu-airport.com.