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Memmingen Airport (IATA: FMM, ICAO: EDJA), also known as Allgäu Airport Memmingen, is an international airport in the town of Memmingerberg near Memmingen, the third-largest city in the Swabia region of Bavaria. It is the smallest of the three commercial airports in the state after Munich Airport and Nuremberg Airport and has the highest altitude of any commercial airport in Germany. It is operated by Flughafen Memmingen GmbH, a limited partnership of mostly local, medium-sized companies and public shares.

Memmingen Airport

Flughafen Memmingen
Memmingen Airport logo.png
FlughafenMemmingenVorfeldRyanair.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
ServesMemmingen and the Allgäu
LocationMemmingerberg
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL633 m / 2,077 ft
Coordinates47°59′33″N 10°14′37″E / 47.99250°N 10.24361°E / 47.99250; 10.24361Coordinates: 47°59′33″N 10°14′37″E / 47.99250°N 10.24361°E / 47.99250; 10.24361
Websiteallgaeu-airport.de
Map
FMM is located in Bavaria
FMM
FMM
Location of the airport in Bavaria
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,981 9,777 Asphalt

Located about 3.8 km (2.4 mi) from the centre of Memmingen and 110 km (68 mi) from the city centre of Munich, it serves Memmingen and Allgäu. It also provides a low-cost alternative to Munich Airport and therefore is sometimes referred to as Memmingen/Munich-West Airport. It features flights to European leisure and some metropolitan destinations and handled nearly 1,5 million passengers in 2018.[1]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Aerial view of Memmingen Airport

A military airfield was built at Memmingerberg in 1935. It was used during World War II. After being rebuilt, it was used for the US Air Force training flights from 1956. From 1959 to 2003, it was the home base of German Air Force fighterbomber wing 34 ("Allgäu").

The airport was certified as a regional commercial airport on 20 July 2004 and commenced operation on 5 August 2004, but there were no scheduled or regular chartered flights. Scheduled flights to the 2005 Hanover Fair were cancelled due to lack of demand. In June 2005, the district of Oberallgäu granted initial finance of €480,000. A further sum of €200,000 was granted by the city of Memmingen after a popular vote on 25 September 2005. In 2006, scheduled flights to Dortmund and Rostock were planned but cancelled because the carrier became insolvent. In autumn 2006, Luftfahrtgesellschaft Walter offered chartered flights to Dortmund for two months, during which only 100 passengers were carried.

In March 2007, a subsidy of €7,500,000 promised by the Bavarian government was approved by the European Commission. Until 25 September 2008 it was known as Allgäu Airport/Memmingen.

On 28 June 2007,[2] TUIfly started offering domestic flights to Berlin, Hamburg, and Cologne, and also flights to holiday destinations such as Palma de Mallorca, Heraklion, Naples, Rome, Venice, and Antalya. In March 2009, Ryanair announced seven new routes serving Memmingen starting May 2009. They have continued to announce new routes and from May 2010 Ryanair operated 14 routes to and from Memmingen. Wizz Air also started serving Memmingen and has established eight routes since then. On 24 October 2013, Ryanair announced a new seasonal service to Shannon, while Palermo was added as a destination from the summer season of 2015. For the 2015 summer schedule, Wizz Air announced that it would expand its commitment and serve the cities of Tuzla in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Bulgarian city of Sofia and the Lithuanian capital Vilnius.[3]

On 5 June 2014, the airport welcomed its five-millionth passenger.[2]

In December 2014, InterSky announced that it would be taking over the domestic flights from Memmingen to Berlin and Hamburg by 1 March 2015, as Germanwings had announced that it would cease the same services just a few days earlier.[4] In earlier years, these routes had already been unsuccessfully served by TUIfly, Air Berlin, and Avanti Air. In May 2015, InterSky announced that it would have a presence at Memmingen Airport by October 2015 consisting of one aircraft, adding a new route to Cologne and increasing frequencies on the already existing services to Berlin and Hamburg.[5] Later, that plan was changed as a triangular route of Friedrichshafen - Memmingen - Cologne/Bonn will be established instead of basing an aircraft in Memmingen.[6] However, on 6 November 2015, InterSky ceased all operations due to financial difficulties, leaving Memmingen again without any domestic connections.[7]

Ryanair announced in March 2017 plans to establish its second Bavarian base (after Nuremberg Airport) in Memmingen from October 2017 consisting of one aircraft and seven additional routes.[8] Since 31 March 2019, another Ryanair aircraft has been stationed in Memmingen and the workforce has been increased to 70 employees.[9] In December 2017, Memmingen Airport received its safety certification by the European Aviation Safety Agency.[10] 2017 has been announced the first business year in which the airport achieved a profit at year end since the start of public services.[11] In August 2018, the airport announced the schedule for its planned expansion which will take place from September 2018 until 2020. While the runway will be widened and its guidance system and lightning upgraded, the luggage facilities will see an expansion.[12]

On 6 December 2018, the 10 millionth passenger was welcomed.[13] In early 2019 the planned expansion works began to widen the runway and expand the handling facilities with the airport being closed for several weeks in September of the same year.[14]

InfrastructureEdit

 
Check-in area inside the main hall

TerminalEdit

Memmingen Airport has one passenger terminal building equipped with 10 check-in counters and 7 departure gates[15] used for Schengen flights (1-3) on the ground floor and non-Schengen flights (4-7) on the upper floor. The building has no jet bridges, therefore walk-boarding and bus-boarding is used. There is also a duty-free shop, as well as some restaurants and car-hire facilities at the airport. The terminal has a capacity of two million passengers per year.[15]

Runway and apronEdit

Memmingen Airport has an ILS Category 1 for runway 24 and is equipped with NDB/DME and GPS RNAV. Although the runway length of nearly 3 km (1.9 mi) would allow larger planes to take off and land, the airport's operations certificate only allows planes with wingspans up to 36 m due to the narrow taxiways originally designed to accommodate Lockheed F-104G Starfighters and Panavia Tornados. Additionally, the runway is only 30 metres (98 ft) wide due to its former use as a facility for jet fighter aircraft. However, an expansion to the international standard 45 metres (148 ft) has been granted and was under preparation as of 2016[16] while construction began in autumn 2018.

Two aprons provide parking spaces for five mid-sized aircraft such as the Airbus A320 and Boeing 737 at a time as well as some smaller business jets. There is an additional smaller apron for general aviation aircraft located on the other side of the runway.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Memmingen Airport:[17]

AirlinesDestinations
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya
Corendon Airlines Europe Seasonal: Heraklion (begins 3 May 2020),[18] Hurghada (begins 6 May 2020),[18] Rhodes (begins 2 May 2020)[18]
People's[19] Seasonal charter: Calvi, Naples
Pobeda Moscow–Vnukovo
Ryanair Alicante, Amman–Queen Alia (begins 29 October 2019), Banja Luka, Faro, Lisbon (begins 27 October 2019), London–Stansted, Lviv, Málaga, Marrakesh, Palermo, Porto, Seville (ends 24 October 2019), Sofia, Stockholm–Skavsta, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Alghero, Athens, Brindisi, Chania, Dublin, Edinburgh, Fez, Girona, Palma de Mallorca, Stockholm–Skavsta, Zadar
TUI Airways Seasonal charter: Bristol, London–Gatwick (both begin 21 December 2019)[20]
Wizz Air Belgrade, Bucharest, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Kiev–Zhuliany, Kutaisi, Niš, Ohrid, Podgorica, Pristina, Sibiu, Skopje, Sofia, Suceava, Târgu Mureș, Timișoara, Tirana, Tuzla, Varna

StatisticsEdit

 
Ryanair Boeing 737-800 at Memmingen Airport with the Bavarian Alps visible in the background
Passengers
2008 462,000[21]
2009   810,000[21]
2010   911,609[22]
2011   764,782[22]
2012   869,937[23]
2013   838,971[23]
2014   750,000[24]
2015   883,490[25]
2016   996,714[26]
2017   1,179,875[1]
2018   1.492.553[27]

Ground transportationEdit

RoadEdit

The airport is located close to the A96 motorway (Memmingen Ost exit) and its intersection with the A7 motorway. The A96 leads directly to Munich, Lake Constance, and Switzerland, while the A7 leads to Ulm, Flensburg, and Austria. Taxis as well as several car-hire companies are available at counters in the terminal building.[28]

CoachEdit

There are coach services from Memmingen Airport directly to Munich (journey time approx. 90 minutes), the Alps, other towns in Bavaria, and Eastern Germany.[28]

BusEdit

Local bus lines 2 and 810/811 connect the airport within a 15-minute drive with Memmingen town centre, including Memmingen railway station, from where frequent Deutsche Bahn regional services depart for Munich (journey time approx. 1:35) and Augsburg, as well as some long-distance Swiss Federal Railways services to Bregenz and Zürich.[28]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b br.de - "Over one million passengers at Allgäu Airport Memmingen 8 January 2017
  2. ^ a b "Allgäu Airport begrüßt den fünfmillionsten Passagier - Allgäu Airport". www.allgaeu-airport.de.
  3. ^ "Memmingen erhält neue Verbindung ins Baltikum".
  4. ^ "Memmingen - Intersky statt Germanwings". 22 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Intersky kehrt nach Köln zurück". 18 May 2015.
  6. ^ "Intersky verlinkt Friedrichshafen mit Memmingen". 16 June 2015.
  7. ^ austrianaviation.net - "InterSky is grounded" Archived 8 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine (German) 6 November 2015
  8. ^ antenne.de - "Allgäu Airport becomes second Bavarian Ryanair base" (German) 21 March 2017
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ allgaeu-airport.de - Flughafen erhält EASA-Zertifikat (German) 21 December 2017
  11. ^ aerotelegraph.com - Flughafen Memmingen schreibt erstmals Gewinn (German) 16 August 2018
  12. ^ airliners.de - Zeitplan für Memmingen-Ausbau abgesteckt (German) 2 August 2018
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ flymemmingen.de retrieved 24 August 2019
  15. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 February 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ all-in.de - Längere Betriebszeiten und Verbreiterung der Startbahn: Gericht weist Klagen gegen Allgäu Airport ab 14 July 2015
  17. ^ allgaeu-airport.com - Destinations from Memmingen Airport retrieved 17 April 2019
  18. ^ a b c austrianaviation.net 28 August 2019
  19. ^ austrianaviation.net - "People's presents summer schedule" (German) 28 November 2017
  20. ^ Liu, Jim. "TUI Airways UK W19 new short-haul routes". Routesonline. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  21. ^ a b "Flughafen Memmingen: 75 Prozent mehr Passagiere". 7 January 2010.
  22. ^ a b "Bilanz 2011: Allgäu Airport legt eine Wachstumspause ein - Allgäu Airport". www.allgaeu-airport.de.
  23. ^ a b "Bilanz 2013: Bessere Auslastung, leichter Rückgang bei den Fluggastzahlen - Allgäu Airport". www.allgaeu-airport.de.
  24. ^ "Flughafen Memmingen verbucht zweistelliges Minus bei Passagierzahlen".
  25. ^ austrianaviation.net - Memmingen mit knapp 18% Passagierplus (German) 5 January 2016
  26. ^ GmbH, Südwest Presse Online-Dienste (5 January 2017). "Airport: Allgäu Airport ständig im Aufwind".
  27. ^ GmbH, Südwest Presse Online-Dienste (5 January 2017). "Airport: Allgäu Airport ständig im Aufwind".
  28. ^ a b c "With bus and train to Memmingen Airport". www.allgaeu-airport.com.

External linksEdit