Cluj International Airport

Avram Iancu Cluj International Airport[4] (IATA: CLJ, ICAO: LRCL) is an airport serving the city of Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Initially known as Someșeni Airport, it is located 9 km (5.6 mi) east of the city centre, in the Someșeni area, which is now within the Cluj-Napoca city limits.[2] The airport is named in honour of Romanian revolutionary Avram Iancu.

"Avram Iancu"
Cluj International Airport

Aeroportul Internațional
„Avram Iancu” Cluj
Klausenburg-Kolozsvár, Flughafen 3.jpeg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCluj County Council
OperatorAeroportul Internațional „Avram Iancu” Cluj R.A.
ServesCluj County, Romania
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL1,036 ft / 315 m
Coordinates46°47′06″N 023°41′10″E / 46.78500°N 23.68611°E / 46.78500; 23.68611 (Cluj-Napoca International Airport)Coordinates: 46°47′06″N 023°41′10″E / 46.78500°N 23.68611°E / 46.78500; 23.68611 (Cluj-Napoca International Airport)
Websiteairportcluj.ro
Map
CLJ is located in Romania
CLJ
CLJ
Location within Romania
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25[1] 2,100 6,693 Concrete
Statistics (2019)
Passengers2,923,845
Aircraft movements24,450
Freight3,457
Sources: Romanian AIP at EUROCONTROL,[2] newsair.ro[3]

In terms of passenger traffic, Cluj Airport is the second busiest airport in Romania, after Bucharest Henri Coandă, handling 2.9 million passengers in 2019. Its size and location (on the European route E576 and close to A3 Transylvania Motorway) makes it the most important airport in the historical region of Transylvania.

HistoryEdit

 
A Farman-Goliath aircraft, similar to the one used on the airport's first flight

On 15 December 1917, the County Council of Kolozsvár (today Cluj-napoca) gave a land in the settlement of Szamosfalva (today the Someșeni district of Cluj-Napoca) in order to develop a military airport.[5] The first passenger plane landed on 2 August 1928.[6] Respectively, the Cluj Airport was founded on 1 April 1932 by the Romanian Ministry of Industry and Trade. Until the civil airport was built, the first operations used the Someşeni Military Aerodrome that was founded by the Romanian National Service of Air Navigation (Romanian: Serviciul Naţional de Navigaţie Aerianǎ SNNA) in 1928. The SNNA was set up by the Romanian Ministry of War for opening an air transportation line between Cluj and Bucharest. The first aircraft used was the Farman-Goliath aircraft, a twin-engine plane with space for ten passengers built by the Farman Aviation Works.[citation needed]

In 1933, Cluj Airport was declared an International Airport by the Romanian Government. The first international flight, a CSA Czech Airlines Prague-Cluj-Bucharest flight, took place on 11 September 1933. The aircraft used on this route were eight-seat Avia-Fokker aircraft. In the following years, several new routes were opened, such as the Aeroflot Moscow-Cluj-Prague flight, opened on 15 November 1935, which was operated with 14-seat McDonnell Douglas DC-2 twin-engine aircraft, registered as USSR-M25 and USSR-M26. Internal flights were also operated in this period, such as Cluj-Satu-Mare and Cernăuţi-Cluj-Arad using Lockheed Model 10 Electra ten-passenger aircraft and de Havilland Dragon Rapide aircraft. In the late 1930s, the airport recorded a steady growth and the employees number rose from 6 in 1934 to 16 in 1939. The passenger terminal was also built in this period, being inaugurated in 1939.[citation needed]

During World War II, the airport became again a military airport, as it was considered to be the most important in Transylvania. In 1940, as a result of the Second Vienna Award, Northern Transylvania (including Cluj) was ceded to Hungary and thus the airport was used by the Hungarian Air Force and German Luftwaffe. Malert airline also operated flights to Budapest during these years. In October 1944, the Hungarian forces in the city were defeated by the Romanian and Soviet armies. By the time of the reconquest of the airport by the Romanian No. 4 Fighting Squadron Focşani, in late September 1944, the airport was completely destroyed.

After the war, the airport's operations were resumed with TAROM internal flights connecting Cluj to other major Romanian cities. The aircraft used were the Lisunov Li-2 / Douglas DC-3 and Ilyushin Il-14 aircraft.

In the 1960s, an extensive modernization of the airport began. In 1969, a new passenger terminal was opened. By 1970, the airport was fully equipped with all of the safety facilities.

 
Arrivals terminal

The airport remained a domestic airport until September 1996, when it was once again opened to both international passenger and cargo traffic. The extension of the terminal building was also started in 1996 and since August 1997, it is run by the Cluj County Council. By 2001, the extension of the airport building was finished, the runway lighting system was modernized, and an Instrument Landing System (ILS) CAT I equipment was implemented.

In 2007 and 2008, the Cluj airport had the most spectacular evolution in recent years, with a year-over-year growth of 60% and 93% respectively, reaching over 750,000 passengers in 2008.[7]

The construction of a new terminal, capable of handling 2 million passengers annually, started on 26 June 2007. The 10,812 m2 (116,380 sq ft) arrivals hall was inaugurated on May 22, 2008,[8] followed by the new departures hall, with a total area of 16,000 m2 (170,000 sq ft), inaugurated in May 2009.[9] The connecting building between the two terminals was inaugurated in November 2009. Total project cost was an estimated €40 million.[9][10] In February 2009, the ILS equipment was upgraded to CAT II.

Cluj Airport exceeded the 1,000,000 passenger mark in 2010.[11] On 8 September 2011, the construction works for building a new runway of 2,100 m (6,890 ft) began. The works represented the first phase of the investment that aims at a take-off/landing runway of 3,500 m (11,483 ft).[12] The new runway 07/25 officially went into operation on 26 October 2013.[13] The old runway 08/26 became a taxiway, after the new runway opened.[1]

In 2014, ROMATSA held a competition for the creation of a new control tower for Cluj-Napoca Airport. Of the 22 projects that were submitted in the competition,[14] as winner the project of Outline Architecture Office was chosen,[15] an architectural design office based in Bucharest. The tower resembles a tulnic and will have a height of 42 m. The costs for the construction of new control tower will be borne by ROMATSA.[16]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Cluj-Napoca:[17]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal charter: Heraklion[18]
Air Bucharest Seasonal charter: Antalya,[19] Enfidha,[19] Hurghada[19]
Animawings Charter: Antalya, Zakynthos[20]
Blue Air Amsterdam (begins 28 March 2021),[21] Barcelona (begins 30 March 2021),[21] Bergamo (begins 2 June 2021),[21] Brussels (begins 4 June 2021),[21] Bucharest, Cologne/Bonn (begins 4 June 2021),[21] Dublin, Hamburg (resumes 2 June 2021),[21] Larnaca (resumes 3 June 2021),[21] London-Heathrow (begins 1 March 2021),[22] London–Luton (begins 28 March 2021),[21] Madrid (begins 1 June 2021),[21] Paris–Charles de Gaulle (begins 29 March 2021),[21] Rome–Fiumicino (resumes 1 June 2021),[21] Stuttgart (begins 1 June 2021)[21]
Seasonal charter: Antalya,[18] Heraklion,[18] Hurghada,[18] Zakynthos[18]
Ellinair Seasonal: Heraklion
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya[18]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Ryanair London–Stansted
Sun d'Or Seasonal: Tel Aviv[23]
Swiftair Charter: Budapest
TAROM Bucharest
Seasonal: Constanța
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Wizz Air Abu Dhabi (begins 16 January 2021),[24][25] Alicante, Barcelona, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin–Brandenburg, Birmingham, Bologna, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn (begins 4 June 2021),[26] Doncaster/Sheffield, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Hahn, Hamburg (begins 6 June 2021),[27] Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden (begins 1 June 2021),[28] Larnaca, Liverpool,[29] London–Luton, Lyon, Madrid, Malmö, Memmingen, Nuremberg, Rome–Ciampino, Tel Aviv, Treviso, Valencia, Vienna, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca

StatisticsEdit

Annual revenue passenger, aircraft movements and cargo statistics[3][30][31]
Year Passengers (% change from prior year) Movements (% change from prior year) Tones (% change from prior year)
2004
162,668(+34.4%)
6,697(+52.9%)
138(+29.8%)
2005
202,556(+24.5%)
8,018(+19.7%)
213(+54.3%)
2006
244,366(+20.6%)
8,904(+11.1%)
187(-12.2%)
2007
390,521(+59.8%)
9,206(+3.4%)
254(+35.8%)
2008
752,181(+92.6%)
12,025(+30.6%)
413(+62.6%)
2009
834,400(+10.9%)
13,489(+12.2%)
385(-6.8%)
2010
1,028,907(+23.3%)
16,352(+21.2%%)
354(-8.1%)
2011
1,004,855(-2.3%)
14,064(-13.9%)
744(+101.7%)
2012
931,999(-7.2%)
0(0)
885(+18.9%)
2013
1,036,438(+11.2%)
11,743
1,262(+42.6%)
2014
1,182,047(+14.0%)
12,710(+8.2%)
1,332(+5.5%)
2015
1,487,603(+25.8%)
14,667(+15.4%)
1,680(+26.1%)
2016
1,880,171(+26.5%)
19,152(+30.6%)
2,100(+25%)
2017
2,699,286(+43.6%)
24,476(+27.8%)
2,927(+39%)
2018
2,782,401(+3.1%)
23,880(-2.4%)
2,986(+2%)
2019
2,923,845(+4.9%)
24,450(+2.4%)
3,457(+15.8%)
Monthly traffic figures (2018, 2019 & 2020)[32][33]
Month 2018 2019 Change
(2019 vs. 2018)
2020 Change
(2020 vs. 2019)
YTD (2020)
January 182,333 185,431   1.7% 190,848   2.9% 190,848
February 173,890 177,633   2.2% 180,148   1.4% 370,996
March 203,030 200,022   1.5%
April 231,369 234,610   1.4%
May 242,150 259,347   7.1%
June 266,085 280,557   5.4%
July 296,094 304,585   2.9%
August 296,242 312,214   5.4%
September 277,735 295,643   6.4%
October 245,972 262,055   6.5%
November 179,725 205,780   14.5%
December 187,776 205,967   7.5%
Busiest routes from Avram Iancu International Airport (2018)
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1   Bucharest
490,428
Blue Air, TAROM Wizz Air
2   London - Luton
315,630
Blue Air, Wizz Air
3   Munich
163,917
Lufthansa
4   Bergamo
110,588
Wizz Air
5   Paris - Beauvais
101,013
Wizz Air
6   Barcelona
93,467
Vueling, Wizz Air
7   Bologna
77,194
Wizz Air
8   Rome - Ciampino Airport
69,914
Wizz Air
9   Charleroi
69,507
Wizz Air
10   Madrid
66,463
Wizz Air
11   Dortmund
66,453
Wizz Air
12   Tel Aviv - Ben Gurion Airport
65,944
Blue Air, Wizz Air
13   Eindhoven
50,554
Wizz Air
14   Dublin
48,930
Blue Air
15   Frankfurt am Main Airport
48,732
Lufthansa
16   Basel/Mulhouse Airport
45,367
Wizz Air
17   Valencia
43,355
Wizz Air
18   Zaragoza
43,198
Wizz Air
Source: Eurostat [1]
Busiest routes by country from Avram Iancu International Airport (2018)
Rank Country Passengers 2018 Carriers
1   Romania
506,783
Blue Air, TAROM, Wizz Air
2   Germany
443,020
Lufthansa, Wizz Air
3   United Kingdom
392,728
Wizz Air
4   Italy
314,457
Wizz Air
5   Spain
299,383
Wizz Air
6   France
115,383
Blue Air, Wizz Air
Source: Eurostat [2]

Ground transportationEdit

 
RATUC bus route 8

The airport is located 8 km (5.0 mi) east of the city centre on the European route E576. The drive from the city centre takes about 20 minutes. CTP Cluj Napoca, the local public transport company, operates its Route No. 8 that connects the airport with the Mihai Viteazul Square in the City Center and trolleybus No. 5 to the Main Rail Station.

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On 5 September 1986 at about 19:45, a fully loaded Antonov An-24RV aircraft departed Bucharest Otopeni Airport, bound for Cluj-Napoca. When the landing procedure began, one of the flight attendants, Aurelia Grigore, realized that the aircraft was landing at higher than normal speed. When the main landing gear touched ground, it bounced repeatedly until the aircraft stopped. The front of the aircraft was on fire. Grigore realized they had an emergency situation. With her flight attendant colleague, she decided to start deplaning passengers. She opened the emergency exit and she let the stairs down, but the stairs weren't touching the ground because the front gear was broken. She was helped by Emil Hossu, a famous actor. "He was one of the few people that didn't panic and helped us evacuate the aircraft in safety", said Grigore. After evacuating the passengers they returned to help the pilots who were trapped in the cockpit. "The cockpit was on fire and we lost any faith that we could save them". The next moments were horrible for all passengers and flight crew. The aircraft was destroyed by flames and with the pilots still on board. After 10 minutes, they saw one of the copilots trying to escape through a window. "He told us his foot was stuck and that he couldn't get it out. We tried to help him, but we couldn't. Finally he managed to get out of the aircraft on fire. He was completely burned, you couldn't even look at him. It was terrible. The other 2 pilots burned alive as we watched them, helpless". The copilot died also. He was transported to the ER but died the next day because of the burns. The authorities said that the accident was due to an equipment malfunction. The 3 pilots were the only casualties.[34]
  • On 7 January 2016, a Blue Air Boeing 737-400, reg. YR-BAS, skidded off the runway after landing. No injuries were reported amongst the 116 passengers and crew. The accident's cause was the performance of an extended flare flight, followed by the runway touchdown at a distance of about 2300 ft. (approx. 700 m) measured from runway threshold 25. The wet snow layer present on the runway may have contributed to the accident.[35]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b New RWY at Cluj-Napoca International Airport at Romanian CAA
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". www.ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  3. ^ a b Traffic Data Archived 2018-02-01 at the Wayback Machine (in Romanian)
  4. ^ "Cum se va numi de azi aeroportul din Cluj". Ziua de Cluj. 17 October 2013.
  5. ^ Royal Hungarian Ministry of Defense, under the law. LXVIII, 1912, Art. 19. document No. 447238/1917
  6. ^ Gaal György: Kolozsvár kétezer esztendeje dátumokban, in: Dáné Tibor Kálmán (et. al., szerk.): Kolozsvár 1000 éve (A 2000. október 13–14-én rendezett konferencia előadásai) (Erdélyi Múzeum-Egyesület, Magyar Közművelődési Egyesület, Kolozsvár, 2001) 351. o. ISBN 973-8231-14-0
  7. ^ "Aeroportul clujean, asaltat de pasageri". Citynews. January 5, 2009. Archived from the original on January 11, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
  8. ^ "Aeroportul International Avram Iancu Cluj". Aeroportul International Cluj Napoca. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  9. ^ a b "Cluj-Napoca Airport has a new departures terminal". Archived from the original on 9 June 2009. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  10. ^ The Arrivals hall (in Romanian)
  11. ^ "Cu pasagerul 1.000.000, Aeroportul Cluj devine lider regional". www.ziuadecj.ro. Archived from the original on 22 December 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  12. ^ "Aeroportul International Avram Iancu Cluj". Aeroportul International Cluj Napoca. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  13. ^ Noua pistă a Aeroportului Cluj-Napoca, inaugurată în 26 octombrie (in Romanian)
  14. ^ Bogdan Buburuz (31 March 2014). "Proiect SF al turnului de control de pe Aeroportul Cluj. Urmează modelul unui far în port – FOTO". Vocea Transilvaniei. Archived from the original on 18 August 2016.
  15. ^ "Cum va arăta noul turn de control al Aeroportului "Avram Iancu" Cluj (FOTO)". CityNews.ro. 31 March 2014.
  16. ^ "FOTO - Cum va arăta noul turn de control al Aeroportului Internaţional "Avram Iancu" Cluj". monitorulcj.ro. 31 March 2014.
  17. ^ airportcluj.ro - Flight Schedule retrieved 10 July 2017
  18. ^ a b c d e f "Flight Schedules and Airline Availability". tez-tour.com.
  19. ^ a b c "Charter programme". kusadasi.ro.
  20. ^ https://animawings.com/routes-network/
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Blue Air announces 12 routes from Cluj-Napoca for 2021". anna.aero. 22 October 2020.
  22. ^ https://boardingpass.ro/blue-air-muta-zborurile-cluj-napoca-londra-luton-pe-aeroportul-heathrow/
  23. ^ Liu, Jim. "Sun d'Or adds Cluj seasonal service from late-May 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  24. ^ https://gulfnews.com/uae/transport/wizz-air-to-launch-first-european-low-cost-flights-to-abu-dhabi-1.71303660
  25. ^ Liu, Jim. "Wizz Air 4Q20 new routes launch revision as of 25SEP20". Routesonline. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  26. ^ https://boardingpass.ro/cluj-napoca-hamburg-koln-karlsruhe-cu-wizz-air-din-1-iunie-2021/
  27. ^ https://boardingpass.ro/cluj-napoca-hamburg-koln-karlsruhe-cu-wizz-air-din-1-iunie-2021/
  28. ^ https://boardingpass.ro/cluj-napoca-hamburg-koln-karlsruhe-cu-wizz-air-din-1-iunie-2021/
  29. ^ Liu, Jim. "Wizz Air 4Q20 New routes summary as of 13SEP20". Routesonline. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  30. ^ Plan strategic de dezvoltare a Municipiului Cluj-Napoca - 2005 Archived 2012-02-27 at the Wayback Machine (in Romanian)
  31. ^ ORDIN 169/1.801. Planul national de actiune privind reducerea emisiilor de gaze cu efect de seră în domeniul aviatiei civile (in Romanian)
  32. ^ "Anna.aero database". Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  33. ^ "Anker-report.com EATS-European Airport Traffic Statistics". The Anker Report.
  34. ^ aviation-safety.net - Accident description retrieved 10 July 2016
  35. ^ http://www.cias.gov.ro/images/rapoarte/Final_report_2016.01.07_serious_incident_YR-BAS.pdf

External linksEdit

  Media related to Cluj-Napoca International Airport at Wikimedia Commons