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Santiago de Compostela Airport (Galician: Aeroporto de Santiago de Compostela, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Santiago de Compostela) (IATA: SCQ, ICAO: LEST) is an international airport serving the autonomous community and historical region of Galicia in Spain. It is the 2nd busiest airport in northern Spain after Bilbao Airport.

Santiago de Compostela Airport

Aeroporto de Santiago de Compostela
Aeropuerto de Santiago de Compostela
Aena Santiago logo.png
Santiago de Compostela - LEST Terminal.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic/Military
OwnerENAIRE
OperatorAena
ServesSantiago, Galicia, Spain
LocationSantiago de Compostela
Focus city for
Built1932
Elevation AMSL1,213 ft / 370 m
Coordinates42°53′47″N 08°24′55″W / 42.89639°N 8.41528°W / 42.89639; -8.41528Coordinates: 42°53′47″N 08°24′55″W / 42.89639°N 8.41528°W / 42.89639; -8.41528
Websitewww.aena-aeropuertos.es/santiago/en
Map
SCQ is located in Galicia
SCQ
SCQ
Location in Galicia
SCQ is located in Spain
SCQ
SCQ
SCQ (Spain)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
17/35 10,499 3,200 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers2,724,750
Passengers change 17-18Increase3.0%
Aircraft movements21,839
Movements change 17-18Increase1.5%
Control tower

The airport is located in the parish of Lavacolla, 12 km from Santiago de Compostela and handled 2,724,750 passengers in 2018. It is the main focus city of Vueling in the northwest Iberian Peninsula, and Ryanair's only focus city in Northern Spain. The Christian pilgrimage route of the Camino de Santiago runs near the airport.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The airport was set up by a group of aviation enthusiasts in October 1932 and two months directors were chosen to select where the airport was going to be built. In 1935 construction work started at the airport where two years later on 27 September 1937 the first scheduled flight from Santiago de Compostela took place.[citation needed] After the Spanish Civil war, political prisoners (who were held in the concentration camp of Lavacolla) were forced to work in the construction of the airport.[1]

In 1969 a new terminal was built at the airport. It has had several expansions taking place since it opened.[citation needed] It closed in 2011 following a brand new terminal being built at the airport. In 1981, a cargo terminal was built, giving the airport capacity to handle cargo flights.[2] During the 1990s, the airport had non-stop service to South America operated by Viasa.[3]

On 13 October 2011 a new passenger terminal opened at the airport, replacing the old terminal, opened in 1969 and remodeled in 1993.

TerminalEdit

The airport currently has one operating terminal. The Old terminal at Santiago de Compostela airport opened in 1969 and had lots of expansions during its lifetime. The terminal closed on the night of 13 October 2011 where operations transferred to the new terminal.

The New terminal at Santiago de Compostela Airport officially opened on 13 October 2011 and passenger operations transferred there the following day. It is adjacent to the old terminal and has a size of 74,000 sq m. It has 22 check-in desks, 3 security checkpoints, 13 gates of which 5 have airbridges and 4 baggage carousels. The baggage hall is split into two zones, one for Schengen flights and one for Non-Schengen. It can handle as many as 4 million passengers per year.[4] The terminal is due to be expanded in the future. This includes adding another 5 airbridges to 5 of the current gates as well as 3 more baggage carousels and an expanded shopping area.[5]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

StatisticsEdit

During the early 2000s, numbers increased significantly at the airport, from 1.24 million in 2002 to peak at 2.46 million in 2011. Because of the financial crisis in Spain, those numbers decreased to 2.1 million in 2014. Cargo has decreased significantly over the last ten years. The Spanish economic recovery in the mid-2010s and the rise of Santiago de Compostela as an international destination are again increasing passenger numbers, breaking the 2.50 million mark for the first time in 2016.[7]

Traffic figures by yearEdit

Santiago de Compostela Airport Passenger Totals 2000-2018 (millions)
 
Updated: 15 January 2019.[7]
Passengers handled Passengers % Change Aircraft movements Aircraft % Change Freight (tonnes) Freight % Change
2000 1,332,893 - 19,660 - 6,773 -
2001 1,281,334   3.86% 19,084   2.92% 6,228   8.04%
2002 1,240,730   3.16% 17.362   9.02% 5,716   8.22%
2003 1,381,826   11.37% 18,454   6.28% 5,318   6.96%
2004 1,580,675   14.39% 21,593   17.00% 4,938   7.14%
2005 1,843,118   16.60% 25,693   18.98% 3,805   22.94%
2006 1,994,519   8.21% 24,719   3.79% 2,587   32.01%
2007 2,050,172   2.79% 24,643   0.30% 2,749   6.26%
2008 1,917,466   6.47% 21,945   10.94% 2,418   12.04%
2009 1,944,068   1.38% 20,166   8.10% 1,988   17.78%
2010 2,172,869   11.76% 21,252   5.38% 1,964   1.20%
2011 2,464,330   13.41% 22,322   5.03% 1,787   9.01%
2012 2,194,611   10.94% 19,511   12.59% 1,815   1.56%
2013 2,073,055   5.53% 18,688   4.21% 1,929   6.28%
2014 2,083,873   0.52% 19,431   3.97% 2,095   8.60%
2015 2,296,248   10.20% 20,540   5.70% 2,311   10.10%
2016 2,510,740   9.30% 21,227   3.60% 2,936   27.04%
2017 2,644,925   5.34% 21,520   1.38% - -
2018 2,724,750   3.01% 21,839   1.50% - -

Traffic figures by monthEdit

2018 Passengers 2019 Passengers Passengers % Change
January 177,018 178,769   1.0%
February 167,158 165,186   1.2%
March 214,110 211,525   1.2%
April 232,963 -
-
May 245,963 -
-
June 262,159 -
-
July 265,768 -
-
August 267,549 -
-
September 257,990 -
-
October 245,707 -
-
November 187,961 -
-
December 200,404 -
-

Route statisticsEdit

 
Diagram of the airport
Busiest domestic routes at Santiago de Compostela Airport (2018)[8]
Rank City Passengers % Change
2017 / 18
Carriers
1   Madrid 673.936   9.13% Iberia, Iberia Express, Ryanair
2   Barcelona 433.678   2.80% Ryanair, Vueling
3   Palma de Mallorca 158.247   2.35% Air Europa, Iberia Regional, Ryanair, Vueling
4   Alicante 122.280   2.75% Ryanair, Vueling
5   Málaga 115.579   7.16% Ryanair, Vueling
6   Valencia 94.387   6.28% Ryanair
7   Gran Canaria 92.585   2.75% Air Europa, Iberia Regional, Ryanair
8   Tenerife (South) 88.724   9.64% Air Europa, Ryanair
9   Sevilla 75.652   10.60% Ryanair
10   Lanzarote 75.517   1.49% Air Europa, Ryanair, Vueling


Busiest International routes at Santiago de Compostela Airport (2018)[8]
Rank City Passengers % Change
2017 / 18
Carriers
1   Geneva 98.585   3.74% easyJet Switzerland
2   London (Stansted) 77.043   0.56% Ryanair
3   Paris (Charles de Gaulle) 53.381   13.20% Vueling
4   Milan (Bergamo) 45.844   8.91% Ryanair
5   Basel 44.504   6.36% easyJet Switzerland
6   Dublin 44.024   34.91% Aer Lingus
7   Frankfurt (Hahn) 42.359   16.39% Ryanair
8   Frankfurt 41.047   37.82% Lufthansa
7   Zürich 39.505   8.16% Swiss, Vueling
10   London (Gatwick) 34.484   41.45% easyJet, Vueling


Busiest countries of destination at Santiago de Compostela Airport (2018)[8]
Rank Country Passengers % Change
2017 / 18
Scheduled Carriers
1   Spain 2.069.556   2.75% Air Europa, Iberia, Iberia Express, Iberia Regional, Ryanair, Vueling
2   Switzerland 182.606   1.96% easyJet Switzerland, Swiss, Vueling
3   United Kingdom 113.272   23.06% easyJet, Ryanair, Vueling
4   Germany 102.318   38.27% Lufthansa, Ryanair
5   Italy 100.173   0.60% easyJet, Ryanair, Vueling
6   France 53.853   13.60% Vueling
7   Ireland 44.024   34.91% Aer Lingus
8   Netherlands 28.735   27.30% Vueling
9   Belgium 16.847   4.58% Vueling
10   Portugal 3.130   23.86% Iberia Regional


Busiest Carriers at Santiago de Compostela Airport (2018)[8]
Rank Carriers Passengers % Change
2017 / 18
1   Ryanair 1.110.368   0.12%
2   Vueling 602.817   0.94%
3   Iberia Express 448.465   10.30%
4   easyJet Switzerland 143.058   0.36%
5   Air Europa 108.032   8.73%
6   Iberia Regional 84.422   11.67%
8   Lufthansa 58.393   56.70%
7   easyJet 54.489   8.09%
9   Aer Lingus 43.806   34.25%
10   Swiss International Air Lines 24.099   18.63%

Ground transportationEdit

RoadEdit

The airport is linked with Santiago de Compostela (13 km) by the Autovía A-54. This motorway is currently being extended to Lugo (94.5 km) where it will connect with the Autovía A-6, providing toll-free motorway access to the rest of Spain; and to the French border through the Autovía A-8 that intersects with the Autovía A-6 near Lugo. Nearby Autopista AP-9 connects the airport directly to A Coruña (66 km), Ferrol (88 km), Pontevedra (75 km), Vigo (100 km) and the Portuguese border. Ourense (116 km) is reachable through the Autopista AP-53 that connects with the Autopista AP-9.

There are several major car rental companies at the airport. The airport has more than 5,000 short and long-term covered parking spaces in the new terminal building. In addition, there are several low-cost, long-term private parking facilities around the airport.

Bus servicesEdit

A city bus service operated by Empresa Freire every 30 minutes connects the airport with the center of Santiago de Compostela, and the bus and train terminals in the city. From the station in Santiago de Compostela, private coach operators run direct services in a multiple daily basis to most cities and towns in Galicia, including A Coruña, Ferrol, Lugo, Ourense, Pontevedra and Vigo, as well as long-distance services to the rest of Spain, and international services. In addition, three regional services link the airport directly to A Coruña, to Lugo, including several stops in the French Way of the Camino de Santiago, and to the A Mariña coastal area (home to As Catedrais beach) in the province of Lugo.

RailEdit

There are no rail facilities at the airport. However the train station in Santiago de Compostela, located 12 km. away, is connected to the airport by the city bus service every 30 minutes. There are combined available train+bus tickets to and from the airport. The train station in Santiago de Compostela has medium and long-distance high-speed Alvia and AVE services to most cities in Galicia, including A Coruña, Ferrol, Ourense, Pontevedra, Vilagarcía and Vigo; and further to Madrid Chamartín and the rest of Spain.

Foot and bikeEdit

The Camino de Santiago runs next to the runway of the airport. This is the busiest and final journey in the Camino de Santiago that goes through the famous Monte do Gozo. There are dedicated pathways for both pedestrians and bikers towards the city. The walking distance from the runway to the Cathedral is estimated at 10.90 km.

Accidents and IncidentsEdit

  • On 3 March 1978, a McDonnell Douglas DC-8-63 operated by Iberia from Madrid–Barajas Airport with 211 passengers and 11 crew members, registration EC-BMX. The aircraft touched down far down the runway after a high approach, aquaplaned off the runway, dropped into a hollow 20m deep and caught fire. The crash was settled with 70 injured people, 10 of them seriously injured, and no fatalities.[9]
  • On 7 June 2001, a Beechcraft B300C Super King Air 350, registration F-GOAE, departed from Le Mans-Arnage Airport (LME), France, to Santiago De Compostela Airport (SCQ), Spain, on a cargo flight according to instrument flight rules. Near the destination airport, the meteorological conditions were reported to be good, and the crew requested a visual approach to runway 17, even though the active runway was 35. Once cleared to land, the aircraft encountered a fog patch and from this moment it began a high ate descent (2000 to 3000 ft/min). A minute after entering an unexpected and unforeseen fog patch, the aircraft struck some trees in level flight and with an airspeed of 148 kt. The wings and engines detached from the fuselage, and they dragged along a scrubland area until they came to a stop. The crew suffered minor injuries and the aircraft was completely destroyed.[10]
  • On 2 August 2012, an Airnor Cessna 500 Citation I, registration EC-IBA, flying from Asturias crashed whilst on approach to the airport with the loss of both crew members.[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.laopinioncoruna.es/galicia/2010/03/13/miles-presos-construyeron-obras-civiles-militares-galicia-1960/366159.html
  2. ^ History of Santiago de Compostela Airport
  3. ^ http://airline-memorabilia.blogspot.com/2011/08/viasa-1995-espana.html
  4. ^ New Terminal
  5. ^ New Terminal Expansion
  6. ^ https://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20190314/local/ryanair-launches-15-new-routes-for-winter.704505
  7. ^ a b "Annual Statistics" (in Spanish). Aena Aeropuertos S.A. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Estadísticas aena-aeropuertos.
  9. ^ http://www.aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19780303-0
  10. ^ http://www.aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20010607-0
  11. ^ Santiago de Compostela accident

External linksEdit

  Media related to Santiago de Compostela Airport at Wikimedia Commons