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Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza

Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza (Albanian: Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Tiranës Nënë Tereza, IATA: TIA, ICAO: LATI), often referred to as the Rinas International Airport, is the main international airport of the Republic of Albania. It serves the city of Tirana, its metropolitan area, and surrounding region in the county of Tirana.

Tirana International Airport
Mother Teresa

Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Tiranës
Nënë Tereza
Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar Nënë Tereza.svg
Terminal jashte.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorTirana International Airport SHPK and China Everbright Limited
ServesTirana, Albania
LocationRinas, Albania
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL108 ft / 33 m
Coordinates41°24′53″N 19°43′14″E / 41.41472°N 19.72056°E / 41.41472; 19.72056Coordinates: 41°24′53″N 19°43′14″E / 41.41472°N 19.72056°E / 41.41472; 19.72056
Websitetirana-airport.com
Map
TIA is located in Europe
TIA
TIA
Location in Europe and Albania
TIA is located in Albania
TIA
TIA
TIA (Albania)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17/35 2,750 9,022 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers2,947,172[1]
Passenger change 17–18Increase12%
Aircraft movements25,426[1]
Movements change 17–18Increase3%
Source: Albanian AIP at EUROCONTROL[2] Landings.com[3]

The airport is named in honour of the Albanian Roman Catholic nun and missionary, Mother Teresa. It is located 6 nautical miles (11 kilometres; 6.9 miles) northwest of Tirana, in the municipality of Krujë, Durrës County.[4][5] It offers international connections primarily within Europe, whereas the most frequent routes are to Milan, Rome and Istanbul.

The airport serves as the main hub for the country's flag carrier, Air Albania and Albawings. It serve as a focus city for Adria Airways, Blue Panorama Airlines and Ernest Airlines.[6] In terms of passenger volume, it is the only airport in Albania and the 12th in Balkan Peninsula.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

The airport was constructed during a period of two years, from 1955 to 1957. However, Tirana had commercial airline services before. Domestic aviation starts in 1926 when German airline Adria-Aero-Lloyd obtained a monopoly for all domestic air routes in the country and begin servicing Tirana, Shkodër, Korçë and Vlorë. These operations proved unprofitable, and the airline sold its rights to Italian company Ala Littoria which opened regular routes in 1935 between Tirana to Shkodër, Kukës, Peshkopia, Kuçova, Vlorë, and Gjirokastra.[7] In 1938, the Yugoslav carrier Aeroput introduced regular commercial flights linking Tirana with Belgrade, Serbia with a landing in Dubrovnik, Croatia.[8]

After the end of the Second World War and installation of an isolationist communist regime in Albania, air transportation was rare. From 1944 and 1948 there was a service to Belgrade, but after the break of relations with Yugoslavia, until 1953, there was only a twice-a-month connection to Budapest operated by Soviet-Hungarian company Maszovlet.[7] From 1953 and 1955 there was no air service, until February 1955 when a route to Moscow was inaugurated, followed thereafter to other Eastern-European capitals. In the 1970s, Tirana was one of the first European cities to be served by China's CAAC Airlines, with a weekly flight to Beijing via Bucharest and Tehran. In the late 1980s there were six airlines flying to Tirana, with a total of nine round-trips per week.[7]


With the collapse of communism in Albania in 1991 and subsequent liberalization of travel restrictions abroad for Albanians, the number of airlines operating at the airport increased rapidly. In 1999 there were 8,249 flights and 356,823 passengers, seven times more than in 1991.[7]

Post-communismEdit

The air traffic equipment and facilities of the airport have been heavily modernised, following investments by Tirana International Airport SHPK, a consortium led by Hochtief AirPort. Hochtief assumed management of the airport on 23 April 2005, for a 20-year concession period.[9]

The concession included the construction of a completely new passenger terminal and various infrastructure improvements, among them the construction of a new access road, new parking lots, and a bridge over the old airport access road.[10] The expansion resulted in an increased number of passengers per annum, estimated at 1.5 million passengers for 2009.[11][12] The number of passengers effectively increased to more than 1.5 million in 2010.[13]

The Terminal building and its second expansion, the Cargo building, its landscaping and carpark canopies was designed by Malaysian architect Hin Tan of Hintan.[14]

In December 2016, the Airport announced that it has served 2 million passengers during 2016, reaching its second milestone.[15]

OwnershipEdit

As of 2017, China Everbright Limited is the sole owner of Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza. After reaching an agreement with the Albanian Government to end its monopoly on international flights from Albania, Hochtief AirPort sold the operating of Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza to China Everbright Limited,[16] a company specializing in asset management, direct investment, brokerage and investment banking.[17] China Everbright Limited has the right to operate Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza until 2027.[citation needed]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Adria Airways Frankfurt, Ljubljana, Munich
Aegean Airlines Athens
Air Albania Istanbul[18]
Air Serbia Belgrade
Albawings Bari, Basel/Mulhouse (begins 6 June 2019), Düsseldorf (begins 2 June 2019), Florence, London-Stansted (begins 13 June 2019), Perugia, Pisa, Rimini, Venice
Seasonal: Heraklion (begins 8 June 2019)
Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion[19]
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Belavia Seasonal charter: Minsk
Blue Panorama Airlines Ancona, Bergamo, Bologna, Genoa, Milan–Malpensa, Rome–Fiumicino, Turin, Verona
Seasonal charter: Katowice (begins 18 June 2019),[20] Vilnius (begins 18 June 2019),[21] Warsaw–Chopin (begins 4 June 2019)[20]
BRA Braathens Regional Airlines Seasonal charter: Copenhagen[22]
British Airways London–Gatwick
Corendon Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Edelweiss Air Zürich[23]
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Gdańsk, Katowice, Poznań, Prague, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław
Ernest Airlines Ancona (begins 31 May 2019), Bari (begins 31 May 2019), Bergamo, Bologna, Florence (begins 24 June 2019), Genoa, Milan–Malpensa, Pisa, Rome–Fiumicino, Venice, Verona
Eurowings Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf (begins 15 July 2019),[24] Stuttgart
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Germania Flug Seasonal: Zürich (begins 30 May 2019)[25]
GetJet Airlines Seasonal charter: Vilnius (begins 5 July 2019),[26]
Israir Seasonal charter: Tel−Aviv-Ben Gurion[27]
LOT Polish Airlines Seasonal charter: Katowice (begins 25 May 2019),[28]
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Copenhagen (begins 19 June 2019),[29] Oslo–Gardermoen
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal charter: Antalya
Ryanair Sun Seasonal charter: Katowice,[30] Warsaw-Chopin[30]
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal charter: Gothenburg,[22] Helsinki,[31] Oslo–Gardermoen,[32] Stavanger (begins 25 June 2019),[32] Stockholm-Arlanda,[33] Trondheim (begins 22 June 2019) [32]
SkyUp Seasonal charter: Kharkiv (begins 7 June 2019),[34] Kiev–Boryspil[34]
SmartLynx Airlines Seasonal Charter: Riga[26]
SmartLynx Airlines Estonia Seasonal charter: Tallinn[26]
Smartwings Seasonal: Prague[35]
Smartwings Hungary Seasonal charter: Budapest[36]
Transavia Amsterdam
Transavia France Seasonal: Paris–Orly
TUI fly Belgium Brussels[37]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul[38]
Wizz Air Budapest, Dortmund, London–Luton, Memmingen (begins 3 July 2019)

StatisticsEdit

 
Old picture of the Airport in 1978
 
Terminal interior

TrafficEdit

Passenger, aircraft operations and cargo statistics at Nënë Tereza Airport
Year Passenger Change Aircraft Operations Change Cargo
(metric tons)
Change
2005 785,000  20.77% 15,400 N.A. N.A. N.A.
2006 906,103  15.43% 15,856   2.96% 2,435 N.A.
2007 1,105,770  22.04% 18,258  15.15% 3,832  57.37%
2008 1,267,041  14.58% 19,194   5.13% 2,497  34.84%
2009 1,394,688  10.07% 20,064   4.53% 2,265   9.29%
2010 1,536,822  10.19% 20,768   3.51% 2,355   3.97%
2011 1,817,073  18.24% 22,988  10.69% 2,656  12.78%
2012 1,665,331   8.35% 20,528  10.70% 1,875  29.41%
2013 1,757,342   5.53% 19,942   2.85% 2,164  15.41%
2014 1,810,305   3.02% 17,928   3.02% 2,324  13.53%
2015 1,997,044   10.3% 20,876   16.4% 2,229  4.1%[5]
2016 2,195,100   9.9% 22,352   7.1% 2,200  1%[39]
2017 2,630,338   19.8% 24,336   9% 2,266  3%[1]
2018 2,947,172   12% 25,462   3% 2,245   0.9%[40]
2019 610,332 (01.01 - 31.03)   8.8% 5,523   1.8% 565   8%[41]

Busiest RoutesEdit

Most frequent routes at Tirana Airport
Rank Destination Airport(s) Number of
Passengers
2018[42]
Top carriers
1   Milan MXP, BGY 425.780 Blue Panorama Airlines, Ernest Airlines
2   Rome FCO 329.032 Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines
3   Istanbul IST, SAW 264.133 Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
4   Vienna VIE 168.029 Austrian Airlines
5   London LGW, LTN 145.591 British Airways, Wizz Air, Enter Air
6   Verona VRN 142.010 Blue Panorama Airlines, Ernest Airlines
7   Bologna BLQ 140.866 Blue Panorama Airlines, Ernest Airlines
8   Pisa PSA 138.275 Albawings, Ernest Airlines
9   Athens ATH 99.983 Aegean Airlines
10   Frankfurt FRA 93.899 Adria Airways, Lufthansa
Routes by country
Rank Destination Number of
Passengers
2018[42]
1   Italy 1.586.981
2   Turkey 327.941
3   Austria 168.029
4   United Kingdom 145.591
5   Germany 134.245
6   Poland 115.361

Top CarriersEdit

Rank Carrier Market share (2018[43])
1   Blue Panorama Airlines 24%
2   Ernest Airlines 13%
3   Albawings 10%
4   Alitalia 9%
5   Turkish Airlines 7%

Ground transportationEdit

 
Taxi rank at the airport
 
SH60 linking Tirana Airport with SH2 Tirana-Durrës Highway

CarEdit

The airport is linked with motorway SH60 (10 kilometres (6.2 mi) away) to SH2 Durres -Tirana access road. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport. Taxis are available at the airport. The journey from Tirana to the airport takes 20–25 minutes, depending on traffic. Many taxi companies offer a flat rate for to/from Airport trips (the rate is usually 1,500 ALL.)

BusEdit

An airport bus, located outside Arrivals terminal, leaves on the hour every hour (7am to 11pm), to the city centre, and the trip takes around 30 minutes.[44] The shuttle runs an hourly service between the Airport and the back of the Opera building in the centre of Tirana. The single fare is 300 Albanian Lek.

From Durres the single fare is 480 Albanian Lek.

Incidents and accidentsEdit

  • October 3, 2006: Turkish Airlines Flight 1476, flying from Tirana to Istanbul, was hijacked by Hakan Ekinci in Greek airspace. The aircraft, with 107 passengers and six crew on board, transmitted two coded hijack signals which were picked up by the Greek air force; the flight was intercepted by military aircraft and landed safely at Brindisi, Italy.
  • June 30, 2016: Three armed and masked people entered the cargo terminal, where they stole a huge amount of money that was to be transported abroad on airplanes. The amount of cash could have been up to 3 million euros. The incident caused national security concerns.[45][46]
  • April 9, 2019: An Austrian airlines flight headed to Vienna was delayed for 3 hours, following an armed robbery. Aircraft’s engines were running when three men wearing masks and military fatigues stepped up to the belly of the plane, stealing 6 million Euros. One of the robbers was shot dead in an exchange of fire with police about one kilometre from the airport.[47]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  3. ^ Airport record for Nënë Tereza/Rinas International Airport at Landings.com. Retrieved 1 August 2013
  4. ^ Wragg, David (November 2009). The World's Top 500 Airports (2nd ed.). Sparkford, Yeovil, Somerset BA22 7JJ, UK: Haynes Holdings. p. 13. ISBN 978 184425 632 7.
  5. ^ a b "Facts and Figures about Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza - Tirana International Airport".
  6. ^ "Local-based carrier Albawings continues to grow successfully in the market - Tirana International Airport". Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d Historical Dictionary of Albania by Robert Elsie, pages 5 and 6
  8. ^ "DRUSTVO ZA VAZDUSNI SAOBRACAJ A D – AEROPUT (1927-1948)". europeanairlines.no. Retrieved 17 June 2010. In addition a new air service (No.2008) to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia's small narbour(sic, probably neighbor), Albania, was opened. From August Aeroput flew from Beograd with a landing at Ragusa to Tirana, the capital of Albania.
  9. ^ "HOCHTIEF AirPort Signs Concession Agreement for Tirana Airport". hochtief.com. Retrieved 15 October 2004. The agreement, signed today in the presence of the Albanian Prime Minister Fatos Nano in Tirana, seals the airport takeover in the context of a BOOT (Build Own Operate Transfer) concession with a duration of 20 years.
  10. ^ "HOCHTIEF AirPort Signs Concession Agreement for Tirana Airport". hochtief.com. Retrieved 15 October 2004. Construction work for a new terminal is to commence right from the first year of operation.
  11. ^ "Tirana International Airport". Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  12. ^ "Tirana International Airport, Albania". HOCHTIEF. Archived from the original on 23 April 2011.
  13. ^ "Facts and Figures about Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza". tirana-airport.com. Traffic Results: 2010 Passengers - 1,536,822
  14. ^ "TIRANA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT" (PDF). tirana-airport.com. p. 9. The tall, bright and spacious building, designed by the renowned Malaysian architect Hin Tan, is a symbol of Albania's new self-confidence.
  15. ^ "Tirana International Airport reaches two millionth passenger milestone". ata.gov.al. Retrieved 3 December 2016. Tirana International Airport (TIA) announced on Friday the achievement of two major passenger traffic milestones in welcoming its two millionth passenger and recording the largest ever number of customers served at the airport.
  16. ^ "Shqiptarja.com - Aeroporti i Rinasit kalon 100% tek kompania kineze". Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  17. ^ "irasia.com - China Everbright Limited". Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  18. ^ "Air Albania launches flights from New Istanbul Airport". DailyNews. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  19. ^ "TIA: Flights connecting Tirana with Zurich started today - Tirana International Airport". www.tirana-airport.com.
  20. ^ a b "air and charter tickets". itaka.pl.
  21. ^ "Our directions". itaka.lt.
  22. ^ a b [2][dead link]
  23. ^ "Edelweiss to Launch Zurich – Tirana Direct Flights in April 2019". 6 July 2018.
  24. ^ Ltd. 2019, UBM (UK). "Eurowings files additional short-haul routes in S19". Routesonline.
  25. ^ "Germania - Book cheap flights - flygermania.com". www.flygermania.com.
  26. ^ a b c "Novaturas flights - Novaturas Flights en". flights.novatours.eu.
  27. ^ Liu, Jim (11 May 2018). "Israir adds Tirana charter from late-June 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  28. ^ "LOT will make charter flights for Katowice from Rainbow Tours".
  29. ^ Liu, Jim (5 February 2019). "Norwegian expands Danish network in S19". Routesonline. UBM (UK) Ltd. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  30. ^ a b "Charter flights". tui.pl.
  31. ^ "Upeat lomamatkat sinulle! – Kaikki matkat Apollomatkoilta". www.apollomatkat.fi.
  32. ^ a b c "Reiser til hele verden! Pakkereiser, storbyferie & cruise - Apollo". www.apollo.no.
  33. ^ "Resor till hela världen – boka din resa på Apollo.se". www.apollo.se.
  34. ^ a b "freight monitor". online.joinup.ua.
  35. ^ "Tirana International Airport Emergency Plan Exercise - Tirana International Airport". www.tirana-airport.com.
  36. ^ Ltd. 2019, UBM (UK). "Travel Service Hungary schedules new charter routes in S18". Routesonline.
  37. ^ "Jetairfly Flight Plan". Jetairfly.
  38. ^ "Istanbul New Airport Transition Delayed Until April 5, 2019 (At The Earliest)".
  39. ^ "Facts and Figures about Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza - Tirana International Airport". www.tirana-airport.com.
  40. ^ "Statistics" (PDF). www.instat.gov.al.
  41. ^ "Statistics" (PDF). www.instat.gov.al.
  42. ^ a b "Market Statistics - Tirana International Airport" (PDF). 29 January 2019.
  43. ^ "Market share" (PDF). www.tirana-airport.com. 2018.
  44. ^ "Bus - Tirana International Airport". www.tirana-airport.com. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  45. ^ Times, Tirana (30 June 2016). "Spectacular airport robbery raises national security concerns". Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  46. ^ "Huge amount of money stolen at the Tirana Airport". Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  47. ^ https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-albania-robbery/albanian-police-kill-gunman-in-airport-cash-heist-idUKKCN1RL243

External linksEdit