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Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport

Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas [aeɾoˈpweɾto aˈðolfo ˈswaɾeð maˈðɾið βaˈɾaxas]) (IATA: MAD, ICAO: LEMD),[5] commonly known as Madrid–Barajas Airport, is the main international airport serving Madrid in Spain. At 3,050 ha (7,500 acres) in area, it is the second largest airport in Europe by physical size behind Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport.[6][7] In 2018, 57.9 million passengers used Madrid–Barajas, making it the country's largest and busiest airport and Europe's sixth busiest.

Madrid Barajas
Adolfo Suárez Airport[1]

Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez
Madrid-Barajas
Aena Madrid logo.svg
Madrid-Barajas - Aerial photograph.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerENAIRE
OperatorAena
ServesMadrid, Spain
LocationDistrict of Barajas, Madrid
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL610 m / 2,000 ft
Coordinates40°28′20″N 003°33′39″W / 40.47222°N 3.56083°W / 40.47222; -3.56083Coordinates: 40°28′20″N 003°33′39″W / 40.47222°N 3.56083°W / 40.47222; -3.56083
Websiteaena.es
Map
MAD is located in Madrid
MAD
MAD
Location within Madrid
MAD is located in Community of Madrid
MAD
MAD
MAD (Community of Madrid)
MAD is located in Spain
MAD
MAD
MAD (Spain)
MAD is located in Europe
MAD
MAD
MAD (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14R/32L 4,100 13,451 Asphalt
18L/36R 3,500 11,482 Asphalt
14L/32R 3,500 11,482 Asphalt
18R/36L 4,350 14,268 Asphalt / Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers57,891,340
Passenger change 17-18Increase 8.4%
Aircraft Movements409,832
Movements change 17-18Increase 5.7%
Cargo (t)518,859
Cargo change 17-18Increase 9.9%
Economic impact (2012)$10.9 billion[2]
Social impact (2012)130,900[2]
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[3]
Spanish AIP, AENA[4]

The airport opened in 1928, and has grown to be one of the most important aviation centres of Europe. Located within the city limits of Madrid, it is just 9 km (6 mi) from the city's financial district and 13 km (8 mi) northeast of the Puerta del Sol or Plaza Mayor de Madrid, Madrid's historic centre. The airport name derives from the adjacent district of Barajas, which has its own metro station on the same rail line serving the airport. Barajas serves as the gateway to the Iberian peninsula from the rest of Europe and the world, and is a particularly key link between Europe and Latin America. The airport is the primary hub and maintenance base for Iberia and Air Europa. Consequently, Iberia is responsible for more than 40% of Barajas' traffic. The airport has five passenger terminals named T1, T2, T3, T4 and T4S.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

The airport was constructed in 1927, opening to national and international air traffic on 22 April 1931, although regular commercial operations began two years later. A small terminal was constructed with a capacity for 30,000 passengers a year, in addition to several hangars and the building of the Avión Club. The first regular flight was established by Lineas Aéreas Postales Españolas (LAPE) with its route to Barcelona. In the 1930s, flights started to serve some European and African destinations, the first international flights from the airport.

Originally, the flight field was a large circle bordered in white with the name of Madrid in its interior, unpaved, consisting of land covered with natural grass. It was not until the 1940s that the flight field was paved and new runways were designed. The first runway which started operation in 1944 was 1,400 metres long and 45 metres wide.[8] By the end of the decade the airport had three runways, none of which exist today. In the late 1940s, scheduled flights to Latin America and the Philippines started.

In the 1950s, the airport supported over half a million passengers, increasing to five runways and scheduled flights to New York City began. The National Terminal, currently T2, began construction in 1954 and opened later that year. In the Plan of Airports of 1957, Barajas Airport is classified as a first-class international airport. By the 1970s, large jets were landing at Barajas, and the growth of traffic mainly as a result of tourism exceeded forecasts. At the beginning of the decade, the airport reached the 1.2 million passengers, double that envisaged in the Plan of Airports of 1957.

In the 1970s, with the boom in tourism and the arrival of the Boeing 747, the airport reached 4 million passengers and began the construction of the international terminal (current T1). In 1974, Iberia, L.A.E. introduced the shuttle service between Madrid and Barcelona, a service with multiple daily frequencies and available without prior reservation.

The 1982 FIFA World Cup brought significant expansion and modernisation of the airport's two existing terminals.[8]

In the 1990s, the airport expanded further. In 1994, the first cargo terminal was constructed and the control tower was renovated. In 1997, it opened the North Dock, which is used as an exclusive terminal for Iberia's Schengen flights. In 1998, it inaugurated a new control tower, 71 m tall and then in 1999 the new South Dock opened, which implies an expansion of the international terminal. During this time, the distribution of the terminals changed: The south dock and most of the International Terminal were now called T1, the rest of the International Terminal and Domestic Terminal were now called T2 and the north dock was called T3.

In November 1998, the new runway 18R-36L started operations (replacing the previous 18–36), 4,400 m long, one of the largest in Europe under expansion plans called Major Barajas. In 2000, it began the construction of new terminals T4 and its satellite, T4S, designed by architects Antonio Lamela, Richard Rogers and Luis Vidal. Two parallel runways to the existing ones were also built.

Development since the 2000sEdit

The new terminals and runways were completed in 2004, but administrative delays and equipment, as well as the controversy over the redeployment of terminals, delayed service until 5 February 2006.

Terminal 4, designed by Antonio Lamela, Richard Rogers and Luis Vidal, (winning team of the 2006 Stirling Prize) and TPS Engineers, (winning team of the 2006 IStructE Award for Commercial Structures)[9] was built by Ferrovial[10] and inaugurated on 5 February 2006. Terminal 4 is one of the world's largest airport terminals in terms of area, with 760,000 square meters (8,180,572 square feet) in separate landside and airside structures. It consists of a main building, T4 (470,000 m²) and a satellite building, T4S (290,000 m²), which are approximately 2.5 km apart. The new Terminal 4 is designed to give passengers a stress-free start to their journey. This is managed through careful use of illumination, with glass panes instead of walls and numerous skylights which allow natural light into the structure. With this new addition, Barajas is designed to handle 70 million passengers annually.

During the construction of Terminal 4, two more runways (15L/33R and 18L/36R) were constructed to aid in the flow of air traffic arriving and departing from Barajas. These runways were officially inaugurated on 5 February 2006 (together with the terminals), but had already been used on several occasions beforehand to test flight and air traffic manoeuvres. Thus, Barajas came to have four runways: two on a north–south axis and parallel to each other (separated by 1.8 km) and two on a northwest–southeast axis (and separated by 2.5 km). This allowed simultaneous takeoffs and landings into the airport, allowing 120 operations an hour (one takeoff or landing every 30 seconds).

Terminals 1, 2 and 3 are adjacent terminals that are home to SkyTeam and Star Alliance airlines. Terminal 4 is home to Iberia, its franchise Air Nostrum and all Oneworld partner airlines. Gate numbers are continuous in terminals 1, 2 and 3 (A1 to E89), but are separately numbered in terminal 4 (H, J, K and M, R, S, U in satellite building).

The Madrid–Barcelona air shuttle service, known as the "Puente Aéreo" (in Spanish), literally called "Air Bridge", is the busiest route between two European airports[11] with 55 daily flights in 2012.[12] The schedule has been reduced since the February 2008 opening of the Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line which covers the distance in ​2 12 hours.

In 2007, the airport processed more than 52 million passengers. Barajas was voted "Best Airport" in the 2008 Condé Nast Traveller Reader Awards.[13]

In December 2010, the Spanish government announced plans to tender Madrid–Barajas airport to companies in the private sector for a period of up to 40 years.[14]

On 27 January 2012, Spanair suspended all flights affecting Madrid–Barajas as well as other domestic and international connections.[15] On 20 September 2012, both runways 15/33 were renamed as 14R/32L (the longest) and 14L/32R (the shortest).

On 1 August 2015, the first scheduled Airbus A380 flight landed in Madrid-Barajas in a daily service to Dubai by Emirates.

Following the death of former Spanish Prime Minister, Adolfo Suárez, in 2014, the Spanish Ministry of Public Works and Transport announced[16] that the airport would be renamed Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez, Madrid–Barajas. This renaming seeks recognition for Suárez's role as the first Prime Minister of Spain after the restoration of democracy and his key participation in the transition to democracy after the dictatorship of Francisco Franco.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

As of June 2019, the following airlines serve 193 regular scheduled and charter routes to and from Madrid:[17]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
Aeroméxico Mexico City
airBaltic Riga
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Arabia Maroc Tangier
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital, São Paulo–Guarulhos
Air Europa A Coruña, Alicante, Amsterdam, Asturias, Asunción, Barcelona, Bilbao, Bogotá, Brussels, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cancún, Caracas, Casablanca, Cordoba (AR), Düsseldorf, Fortaleza (begins 1 December 2019),[18] Frankfurt, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Guayaquil, Havana, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Lima, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Málaga, Marrakesh, Medellín–JMC, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Montevideo, Munich, New York–JFK, Palma de Mallorca, Panama City–Tocumen, Paris–Orly, Porto, Puerto Iguazú (begins 1 August 2019),[19] Punta Cana, Quito, Recife, Rome–Fiumicino, Salvador, San Pedro Sula, Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru, Santo Domingo–Las Americas, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seville, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–North, Tunis, Valencia, Venice, Vigo, Zürich
Seasonal: Alghero (begins 27 June 2019),[20] Athens, Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle [21]
Air India Delhi
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Montréal–Trudeau[22]
Alitalia Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, New York–JFK, Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte
Avianca Bogotá, Cali, Medellín–JMC
Beijing Capital Airlines Chengdu, Hangzhou
Blue Air Bacău, Bucharest
Boliviana de Aviación Cochabamba, Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Ceiba Intercontinental Airlines Malabo
China Eastern Airlines Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong, Xi'an
Cubana de Aviación Havana, Santiago de Cuba
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York–JFK
easyJet Berlin–Tegel, Bristol, Edinburgh, Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Lyon, Milan–Malpensa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai–International
Estelar Latinoamerica Caracas[23]
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Dublin[24]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Evelop Airlines Cancún, Havana, Punta Cana
Seasonal: Mauritius
Finnair Helsinki
Hainan Airlines Shenzhen
Iberia A Coruña, Asturias, Athens, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Bilbao, Bogotá, Boston,[25] Brussels, Budapest, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Caracas, Chicago–O'Hare, Córdoba, Dakar–Diass, Düsseldorf, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Granada, Guatemala City, Guayaquil (resumes 13 December 2019),[26] Hamburg, Havana, Jerez de la Frontera, Johannesburg–OR Tambo (ends 31 August 2019),[27] Lima, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Marrakesh, Medellín–JMC, Menorca, Mexico City, Miami, Milan–Linate, Milan–Malpensa, Montevideo, Munich, New York–JFK, Oran, Oslo–Gardermoen, Panama City–Tocumen, Paris–Orly, Porto, Prague, Quito, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Rome–Fiumicino, San José, San Juan, San Salvador, Santander, Santiago de Chile, Santiago de Compostela, Santo Domingo–Las Americas, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Shanghai–Pudong, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo–Narita, Venice, Vienna, Vigo, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Bastia (begins 1 August 2019),[28] Bergen, Corfu (begins 1 August 2019),[28] Dubrovnik,[29] Genoa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Olbia, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, Split
Iberia Express Amsterdam, Berlin–Tegel, Birmingham, Copenhagen, Dublin, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Ibiza, La Palma, Lanzarote, London–Gatwick, Lyon, Málaga, Manchester, Nantes, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rennes, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Bari (begins 1 July 2019), Bucharest, Cagliari, Cork, Edinburgh, Heraklion, Kraków, Malta, Menorca, Mykonos, Palermo,[30] Reykjavik–Keflavik, Santorini, Toulouse, Zadar (begins 2 July 2019)[31][32]
Iberia Regional Alicante, Algiers, Almería, Asturias, Badajoz, Bologna, Bordeaux, Casablanca, Châlons–Vatry,[33] Frankfurt, Granada, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Lisbon, Logroño, Lyon, Málaga, Marrakesh, Marseille, Melilla, Menorca, Nantes, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Pamplona, San Sebastián, Santander, Seville, Strasbourg, Tangier, Toulouse, Turin, Valencia, Vigo (resumes 31 August 2019), Zürich
Seasonal: Biarritz, Faro, Funchal, Malta, Split, Verona (begins 4 August 2019)[34]
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM Chile Frankfurt, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM Ecuador Guayaquil (ends 13 December 2019)[35]
LATAM Perú Lima
Lauda Vienna
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Gran Canaria, London–Gatwick, Los Angeles, New York–JFK, Oslo–Gardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, Reykjavik–Keflavik, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tenerife–North
Seasonal: Boston, Catania, Dubrovnik,

Marrakech

Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas Caracas, Guayaquil (begins 11 July 2019),[36] Lima, Quito (begins 11 July 2019)[36]
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Athens (begins 28 October 2019), Bari, Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Birmingham, Bologna, Bratislava (ends 25 October 2019), Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cagliari, Catania, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dublin, Eindhoven, Fes, Frankfurt (ends 25 October 2019), Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hamburg (ends 5 November 2019), Ibiza, Kiev–Boryspil (begins 27 October 2019), Kraków, Lanzarote, London–Stansted, Luxembourg, Malta, Manchester, Marrakech, Marseille, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Nuremberg (ends 5 November 2019), Ouarzazate (ends 5 November 2019), Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Porto, Prague, Rabat, Rome–Ciampino, Santiago de Compostela, Sofia, Tangier, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Vilnius (ends 25 October 2019), Warsaw–Modlin, Wroclaw (ends 26 October 2019)
Seasonal: Menorca
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAP Express Lisbon, Porto
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia France Paris–Orly
TUI fly Belgium Casablanca, Nador
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul[37]
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil, Lviv
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Washington–Dulles
Volotea Bordeaux, Genoa, Nantes
Seasonal: Alghero,[38] Bastia
Vueling Barcelona, Florence, Ibiza, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino
Seasonal: Menorca
Wamos Air Cancún, Punta Cana
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Cluj-Napoca, Craiova, Sibiu, Sofia, Timișoara, Vienna[39]

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
ASL Airlines Belgium Brussels, Liège
Atlantic Airlines Liège
Cygnus Air Frankfurt, Gran Canaria, Tenerife–North
DHL Aviation Beijing–Capital, Casablanca, Copenhagen, East Midlands, Frankfurt, Leipzig/Halle, London–Heathrow, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Emirates Sky Cargo Dubai–Al Maktoum
FedEx Feeder Dublin, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Kalitta Air Miami
MASkargo Frankfurt, Kuala Lumpur–International
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Swiftair Algiers, Athens, Barcelona, Bilbao, Casablanca, Gran Canaria, Larnaca, Lisbon, Milan–Malpensa, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tenerife–North[40]
Turkish Airlines Cargo Algiers, Belgrade, Casablanca, Houston-Intercontinental, Istanbul–Atatürk. Miami[41]
UPS Airlines Casablanca, Chicago–O'Hare, Cologne/Bonn, London–Stansted

Traffic and statisticsEdit

 
old map of the runways
 
Interior of Terminal 4
 
Entrance of Terminal 4 at Madrid Barajas Airport
 
Madrid-Barajas T4 interior
 
Terminal 4 Madrid-Barajas
 
Interior of Terminal 4
 
Barajas Terminal 4 panorama
 
Ground control tower at T4S
 
Terminal 1 interior
 
Terminal T-4 Madrid - Barajas Airport
 
The main control tower

Passenger numbersEdit

Passengers Aircraft Movements Cargo (tonnes)
2001 34,050,215 375,558 295,944
2002 33,915,302 368,029 295,711
2003 35,855,861 383,804 307,026
2004 38,718,614 401,503 341,177
2005 42,146,784 415,704 333,138
2006 45,799,983 434,959 325,702
2007 52,110,787 483,292 325,201
2008 50,846,494 469,746 329,187
2009 48,437,147 435,187 302,863
2010 49,863,504 433,683 373,380
2011 49,671,270 429,390 394,154
2012 45,195,014 373,185 359,362
2013 39,735,618 333,056 346,602
2014 41,833,374 342,601 366,645
2015 46,828,279 366,605 381,069
2016 50,420,583 378,150 415,774
2017 53,402,506 387,566 470,795
2018 57,891,340 409,832 518,858
2019 (MAY YTD) 23,714,335 169,409 218,361
Source: Aena Statistics[3]

Route statisticsEdit

Busiest domestic routes at Adolfo Suárez, Madrid–Barajas International Airport (2017)
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Barcelona 2,341,062 Air Europa, Iberia, Vueling
2 Palma de Mallorca 1,816,204 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
3 Gran Canaria 1,511,303 Air Europa, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
4 Tenerife (North) 1,382,264 Air Europa, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
5 Bilbao 743,844 Air Europa, Iberia, Swiftair
6 Ibiza 730,162 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Ryanair, Vueling
7 A Coruña 621,971 Air Europa, Iberia
8 Santiago de Compostela 608,003 Iberia, Iberia Express, Ryanair
9 Vigo 594,044 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Swiftair
10 Oviedo 479,819 Iberia
Busiest European routes at Madrid–Barajas International Airport (2018)
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1   Lisbon, Portugal 1,518,927 Air Europa, easyJet, Iberia, TAP Express, TAP Portugal
2   London (Heathrow), United Kingdom 1,416,801 British Airways, Iberia
3   Paris (Orly), France 1,331,515 Air Europa, Iberia, Transavia France
4   Rome (Fiumicino), Italy 1,219,320 Air Europa, Alitalia, Iberia, Vueling
5   Paris (CDG), France 1,140,881 Air France, easyJet, Iberia Express, Vueling
6   Frankfurt, Germany 1,084,662 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia, LATAM Chile, Lufthansa, Ryanair
7   Amsterdam, The Netherlands 1,040,832 Air Europa, Iberia Express, KLM
8   London (Gatwick), United Kingdom 1,029,019 Air Europa, easyJet, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International
9   Brussels, Belgium 1,010,197 Air Europa, Brussels Airlines, Iberia, Ryanair
10   Munich, Germany 860,506 Air Europa, Iberia, Lufthansa
11   Porto, Portugal 758,112 Air Europa, Iberia, Ryanair, TAP Express, TAP Air Portugal
12   Zurich, Switzerland 643,336 Air Europa, Iberia, Swiss International Air Lines
13   Geneva, Switzerland 575,329 easyJet Switzerland, Iberia, Swiss International Air Lines
14   Milan (Malpensa), Italy 544,202 Air Europa, easyJet, Iberia
15   Dublin, Ireland 535,487 Aer Lingus, Iberia Express, Ryanair
16   Venice, Italy 472,339 Air Europa, Iberia
17   London (Stansted), United Kingdom 471,436 Ryanair
18   Milan (Linate), Italy 457,564 Alitalia, Iberia
19   Bucharest, Romania 444,589 Blue Air, Iberia Express, Ryanair, TAROM, Wizz Air
20   Düsseldorf, Germany 427,951 Air Europa, Iberia
21   Toulouse, France 392,004 Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Ryanair
22   Rome (Ciampino), Italy 381,112 Ryanair
23   Vienna, Austria 359,128 Eurowings, Iberia, Laudamotion
24   Berlin (Tegel), Germany 354,787 easyJet, Iberia Express
25   Copenhagen, Denmark 339,420 Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
26   Istanbul (Atatürk), Turkey 331,040 Turkish Airlines
27   Athens, Greece 321,265 Aegean Airlines, Iberia
28   Prague, Czech Republic 314,757 Czech Airlines, Iberia, Ryanair
29   Bergamo, Italy 306,054 Ryanair
30   Bologna, Italy 286,816 Air Nostrum, Ryanair
31   Budapest, Hungary 282,094 Iberia, Ryanair, Wizz Air
32   Moscow (Sheremetyevo), Russia 255,373 Aeroflot
33   Lyon, France 237,412 Air Nostrum, easyJet, Iberia Express
34   Naples, Italy 217,273 Iberia Express, Ryanair
35   Marseille, France 208,235 Air Nostrum, Ryanair
36   Stockholm, Sweden 207,568 Iberia, Norwegian Air International
37   Berlin (Schönefeld), Germany 202,765 Ryanair
38   Sofia, Bulgaria 201,828 Bulgaria Air, Ryanair, Wizz Air
39   Helsinki, Finland 196,713 Finnair, Norwegian Air International
40   Hamburg, Germany 194,725 Iberia, Ryanair
Busiest intercontinental routes at Madrid–Barajas International Airport (2018)
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1   Bogotá, Colombia 883,716 Air Europa, Avianca, Iberia
2   Buenos Aires (Ezeiza), Argentina 866,449 Aerolíneas Argentinas, Air Europa, Iberia
3   New York (JFK), United States 849,947 Air Europa, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Iberia, Norwegian Air Shuttle
4   Mexico City, Mexico 782,073 Aeroméxico, Iberia
5   Miami, United States 708,340 Air Europa, American Airlines, Iberia
6   Lima, Peru 663,374 Air Europa, Iberia, LATAM, Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas
7   São Paulo (Guarulhos), Brazil 644,113 Air China, Air Europa, Iberia, LATAM
8   Dubai, United Arab Emirates 521,449 Emirates
9   Tel Aviv, Israel 517,857 Air Europa, El Al, Iberia, Smartwings
10   Havana, Cuba 514,532 Air Europa, Cubana de Aviación, Evelop Airlines, Iberia
11   Santiago, Chile 477,868 Iberia, LATAM
12   Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 393,140 Air Europa, Iberia
13   Marrakesh, Morocco 341,907 Air Europa, Iberia, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
14   Doha, Qatar 339,131 Qatar Airways
15   Cancún, Mexico 310,982 Air Europa, Evelop Airlines, Wamos Air
16   Montevideo, Uruguay 238,613 Air Europa, Iberia
17   Punta Cana, Dominican Republic 226,612 Air Europa, Evelop Airlines, Wamos Air
18   Quito, Ecuador 221,509 Air Europa, Iberia
19   Caracas, Venezuela 215,481 Air Europa, Estelar Latinoamerica, Iberia, Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas
20   Casablanca, Morocco 202,764 Iberia, Royal Air Maroc
21   San José, Costa Rica 201,123 Iberia
22   Tangier, Morocco 193,955 Air Arabia Maroc, Air Nostrum, Royal Air Maroc Express, Ryanair
23   Santa Cruz, Bolivia 187,712 Air Europa, Boliviana de Aviación
24   Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 179,628 Etihad Airways
25   Panama City, Panama 176,991 Iberia
26   Cali, Colombia 173,371 Avianca
27   Newark, United States 169,848 United Airlines
28   Chicago, United States 167,906 Iberia
29   Dallas, United States 156,161 American Airlines
30   Los Angeles, United States 153,778 Iberia, Norwegian Air Shuttle
31   Hong Kong, Hong Kong 152,493 Cathay Pacific
32   Shanghai, China 150,496 China Eastern Airlines, Iberia
33   Medellín, Colombia 145,072 Avianca, Iberia
34   Guayaquil, Ecuador 138,947 Air Europa, LATAM Ecuador
35   Atlanta, United States 135,586 Delta Air Lines
36   Philadelphia, United States 127,709 American Airlines
37   Boston, United States 123,570 Iberia
38   Dakar, Senegal 120,075 Iberia
39   Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 116,632 Iberia
40   Toronto, Canada 113,149 Air Canada

Airline market shareEdit

Largest Airlines at Madrid–Barajas International Airport (2017)
Rank Airline Passengers
1 Iberia 14,055,597
2 Air Europa 7,783,953
3 Ryanair 6,697,100
4 Iberia Express 4,987,319
5 Air Nostrum 2,920,535
6 easyJet 1,495,941
7 Norwegian Air International 1,327,493
8 Vueling 1,223,888
9 Lufthansa 821,380
10 Air France 685,821
11 American Airlines 652,298
12 TAP Portugal 645,461
13 Avianca 586,573
14 KLM 558,590
15 British Airways 540,788

Ground transportEdit

RailEdit

The Madrid Metro Line connects the airport with city centre station Nuevos Ministerios in Madrid's financial district. The Barajas Line 8 provides a fast route from the underground stations at Terminal 2 (access to T1 and T3) and Terminal 4 into central Madrid. The metro also provides links to stations on the Spanish railway network.

In October 2006, a bid was launched for the construction of a Cercanías link between Chamartín Station and Terminal 4. Now finished, this single Cercanías Line (C-1) links Madrid Barajas Terminal 4, with Chamartín Station and Atocha AVE high-speed train stations.[42] In June 2011 a decision was made to equip this link with dual gauge which will allow AVE high-speed trains to reach the airport station.[43]

The Nuevos Ministerios metro station allowed checking-in[44] right by the AZCA business area in central Madrid, but this convenience has been suspended indefinitely after the building of Terminal 4.[45]

EMT BusEdit

EMT (Madrid Municipal Transport Company) runs regular public bus services between the airport and Madrid (Avenida de América station): bus 200 runs as a complete line – dropping passengers at departures of terminals 1, 2 and 4 before collecting passengers in the reverse order at arrivals. The EMT public night bus service N4 (nicknamed "Buho", Owl) also services from Madrid downtown (Plaza Cibeles) to Barajas (Plaza de los Hermanos Falcó y Alvarez de Toledo, 400m from the airport through a passageway above the highway). EMT also have an express bus linking Barajas airport to Renfe's Atocha Station, the main rail station in Madrid, during day and Plaza Cibeles during night. Unlike the two services mentioned above, this line runs 24 hours of the day during all the days of the year.[46]

Airport People MoverEdit

 
Automated People Mover that links Terminal 4 and the Terminal 4 Satellite

In early 2006, the first driverless transit system in Spain and the longest airport people mover system in Europe began transporting passengers between the new terminal (T4) and a new satellite terminal (T4S). Deploying the CITYFLO 550 automatic train control technology, the system is the only mode of transportation for passengers between the two terminals, which are spaced more than two kilometres apart.[47] Bombardier became the only contractor for the completely underground shuttle system, including the construction of the civil works, operation and maintenance of the system.

Airport parkingEdit

Long- and short-term car parking is provided at the airport with seven public parking areas. P1 is an outdoor car park located in front of the terminal building; P2 is an indoor car park with direct access to terminals T2 and T3. A Parking 'Express' facility, available for short periods only, is located at Terminal 2 and dedicated long-term parking is also available with 1,655 spaces; a free shuttle operates between the long-stay car park and all terminals. There are also VIP car parks.

Incidents and accidentsEdit

  • On 30 September 1972, Douglas C-47B EC-AQE of Spantax crashed on take-off. The aircraft was being used for training duties and the student pilot over-rotated and stalled. One of the six people on board was killed.[48]
  • On 29 July 1979, as part of a triple attack, a bomb placed by ETA political-military killed three people.[49]
  • On 27 November 1983, Avianca Flight 011 crashed while attempting to land. Flight 011 struck a series of hills, causing the plane's right wing to break off. The 747 then cartwheeled, shattering into five pieces before coming to rest upside-down. Only 11 of the 169 passengers survived – there were no survivors among the 23 crew.[50]
  • On 7 December 1983, an Iberia 727 operating as Iberia Flight 350[51] collided during takeoff with Aviaco Flight 134, a DC-9[52] The Aviaco DC-9 had accidentally entered the runway as the Iberia flight was taking off.[53] Ninety-three people were killed, including 51 from the Iberia 727 and 42 from the Aviaco DC-9.
  • On 15 July 2006, the winglet of a Thai Airways International Boeing 747-400 HS-TGY operating flight TG943 from Madrid Barajas Airport in Spain to Rome Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport cut off the tail of an Air France ERJ-145 while taxiing to the runway for take-off. No injuries were reported.[54]
  • On the morning of 30 December 2006, an explosion took place in the carpark building module D attached to Terminal 4. Authorities received a bomb threat at approximately 8:15 local time (7:15 GMT), with the caller stating that a car bomb carried with 800 kg of explosive would explode at 9:00 local time (8:00 GMT).[55] After receiving the warning, police were able to evacuate part of the airport.[56] Later, an anonymous caller stated that ETA claims responsibility for the bombing.[57] As a result of the explosion, two Ecuadorians who were sleeping in their cars died. The whole module D of the car park was levelled creating around 40,000 tonnes of debris. It took workers six days to recover the body of the second victim from the rubble.
  • On 20 August 2008, Spanair Flight 5022 which was travelling to Gran Canaria, veered off to the right and into the ground while climbing immediately after lifting off from runway 36L at 14:45 local time. The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) MD-82 with registration "EC-HFP", was carrying 172 people, including 162 passengers.[58] In the accident, 154 people were killed, two were seriously injured and 12 were slightly injured. Prime Minister Zapatero ordered three days of national mourning.[59]
  • On 3 December 2010, during the Spanish air traffic controllers strike, Madrid–Barajas Airport remained inoperative when all Spanish air traffic controllers walked out in a coordinated wildcat strike. Following the walkout, the Spanish Government authorized the Spanish military to assume operation of air traffic control.[60] On the morning of 4 December, the government declared a "State of Alert", ordering on the controllers back to work. Shortly after the measure was implemented, controllers started returning to work and the strike was called off.[61]

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

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External linksEdit

  Media related to Madrid-Barajas Airport at Wikimedia Commons
  Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage