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Logroño (UK: /lɒˈɡrɒnj/, US: /ləˈɡrnj, lˈ-/,[2][3][4] Spanish: [loˈɣɾoɲo] (About this soundlisten)) is a city in northern Spain, on the Ebro River. It is the capital of the province of La Rioja.

Logroño
Co-Cathedral of Santa María de la Redonda
Roundabout in the crossing between Gran Vía Rey Juan Carlos I Avenue, Jorge Vigón Avenue and General Vara de Rey street
Espolón park and monument to Baldomero Espartero
Church of San Bartolomé
Riojaforum, La Rioja Congress center
Train station
Casa de las Ciencias and Ebro river
Flag of Logroño
Flag
Coat of arms of Logroño
Coat of arms
Logroño is located in La Rioja, Spain
Logroño
Logroño
Location of Logroño within La Rioja
Logroño is located in Spain
Logroño
Logroño
Logroño (Spain)
Coordinates: 42°27′54″N 2°26′44″W / 42.46500°N 2.44556°W / 42.46500; -2.44556Coordinates: 42°27′54″N 2°26′44″W / 42.46500°N 2.44556°W / 42.46500; -2.44556
Country Spain
Autonomous community La Rioja
ComarcaRioja Media
Government
 • MayorPablo Hermoso de Mendoza (PSOE)
Area
 • City79.57 km2 (30.72 sq mi)
Elevation
384 m (1,260 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • City151,113
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
 • Metro
197,000
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Websitewww.logro-o.org
336 km (209 mi) to Madrid; Fuero given in 1095

The population of the city in 2008 was 153,736 while the metropolitan area included nearly 197,000 inhabitants. The city is a centre of the trade in Rioja wine, for which the area is noted, and produces wood, metal and textile products.

EtymologyEdit

Origin of the nameEdit

The origin of this toponym is, as for many other places, unknown. The name Lucronio is first used in a document from 965 where García Sánchez I of Pamplona donates the so-called place to the Monastery of San Millán. In the fuero from 1095 it appears under the name Logronio, except once when it is called illo Gronio. The most broadly accepted theses seem those which indicate it is a late latinización by prefixing of the article "lo/illo" of the old toponym Gronio/Gronno,[5] word of Celtic origin which means the ford or the pass. It is believed that this name was due to the frequent use of this place to cross the Ebro river.

Other historians have proposed alternative theories, like a possible derivation of Lucus Brun/Lucus Beronius ("Sacred place in the Beronian forest").[6]

TitlesEdit

John II of Castile granted it 7 February 1431 in Palencia the title of "City" and ratified it the day 20 of the very same month in Valladolid,[7] thus it stopped being called "Village", despite there is no explicit justification of the reasons for that change. 20 July 1444 the same king adds the titles of "Very noble", Spanish: Muy Noble, and "Very loyal", Spanish: Muy Leal, which up until today appear in the seal of the city. In this case, the reason was the loyalty of the habitants against the homonymous king John II of Aragon, because despite the «long war, and wounds and deaths, and robberies, and fires, and damages and oppresions», the city remained loyal to the service of the king of Castile.

5 July 1523, the king Charles I granted it the three fleurs-de-lis for the shield of the city for its resistance during the french siege in 1521.

It also received by Royal Decree the title of "Excellence" 6 December 1854 from Isabella II, as a reward for its behavior during the cholera epidemy which devastated the city.

GeographyEdit

Logroño is located in the northern region of La Rioja, on the river Ebro, 384 metres (1,260 feet) above sea level. The Camino de Santiago passes through the city. The geographical coordinates of the city are: 42° 27′ N, 2° 29′ W.

The city lies 152 km (94 mi) from Bilbao, 172 km (107 mi) from Zaragoza, 336 km (209 mi) from Madrid and 468 km (291 mi) from Barcelona.

HistoryEdit

 
Puente de Piedra.

Logroño was an old settlement, first of the Romans, under the name of Vareia,[8] a commercial port, and then of the Celts[dubious ]. From the 10th century, possession of Logroño was disputed between the kings of Navarre and those of Castile; the region was finally annexed to Castile. The name is a combination of le and Groin, mashed together as Logroño over time. Alfonso VI of Castile granted Logroño in 1095 a charter of rights that served as a model for other Spanish cities. In 1609 and 1610 Logroño was the main seat of the Basque witch trials, part of the Spanish Inquisition.

Famous people from Logroño include Manuel Bretón de los Herreros, Fausto Elhúyar, Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, Rafael Azcona, Ramón Castroviejo, Pedro J. Ramírez, Navarrete "El Mudo".

DemographicsEdit

Population centresEdit

PoliticsEdit

List of mayors since the democratic elections of 1979
Term Name of Mayor Political Party
1979–1983 Miguel Ángel Marín UCD
1983–1987 Manuel Sainz Ochoa PSOE
1987–1991 Manuel Sainz Ochoa PSOE
1991–1995 Manuel Sainz Ochoa PSOE
1995–1999 José Luis Bermejo PP
1999–2003 Julio Revuelta PP
2003–2007 Julio Revuelta PP
2007–2011 Tomás Santos PSOE
2011–2015 Cuca Gamarra PP
2015–2019 Cuca Gamarra PP
2019– Pablo Hermoso de Mendoza PSOE

EconomyEdit

Logroño is the shopping and financial capital of La Rioja. Its economy is heavily reliant on wine. It is twinned with Dunfermline, Darmstadt, Libourne, Dax, Rancagua, Ciudad de La Rioja, Brescia, El Hagounia. The new airport Logroño-Agoncillo connects the city with Madrid.

FoodEdit

There are over 50 taperías (tapas restaurants) located within a four-block area near the town center. The traditional tapas restaurants often serve only one tapa [such as seta (mushroom), served as pincho - pintxo in Basque - meaning one serving, or media ración ("half portion"), a small plate of tapas, but offer the Rioja D.O..

ClimateEdit

The weather in Logroño —mostly due to its peculiar location, both in terms of distance to the Atlantic coast and in the situation along the course of the Ebro river, is characterized by values ranging from those typically found in temperate oceanic climates to the warmer and drier ones observed in southeastern mediterranean regions of the river's valley. The average annual temperature is 13.9 °C (57 °F).[9][10] Although much infrequent, unusually low temperatures during the winter can drop to −5 °C (23 °F), and as low as −10 °C (14 °F); while daily high averages may exceptionally exceed the mark of 35 °C (95 °F) in a particularly hot summer. The average annual precipitation is about 400 mm (15.75 in), regularly spread over the whole year: from 20 mm (0.79 in)–25 mm (0.98 in) in drier periods to the 45 mm (1.77 in)-50 mm (1.97 in) range in the rainiest.[10]

Climate data for Logroño
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.3
(66.7)
23.0
(73.4)
27.6
(81.7)
31.2
(88.2)
37.6
(99.7)
42.2
(108.0)
42.8
(109.0)
40.6
(105.1)
39.0
(102.2)
31.4
(88.5)
27.4
(81.3)
21.4
(70.5)
42.8
(109.0)
Average high °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
12.0
(53.6)
15.9
(60.6)
17.8
(64.0)
22.0
(71.6)
26.9
(80.4)
30.1
(86.2)
29.8
(85.6)
25.8
(78.4)
20.1
(68.2)
13.8
(56.8)
10.2
(50.4)
19.5
(67.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
7.2
(45.0)
10.2
(50.4)
12.0
(53.6)
15.9
(60.6)
20.1
(68.2)
22.8
(73.0)
22.7
(72.9)
19.3
(66.7)
14.7
(58.5)
9.5
(49.1)
6.5
(43.7)
13.9
(57.0)
Average low °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
2.4
(36.3)
4.6
(40.3)
6.3
(43.3)
9.7
(49.5)
13.3
(55.9)
15.6
(60.1)
15.6
(60.1)
12.9
(55.2)
9.2
(48.6)
5.3
(41.5)
2.8
(37.0)
8.3
(46.9)
Record low °C (°F) −11.6
(11.1)
−9.6
(14.7)
−8.8
(16.2)
−3.6
(25.5)
0.6
(33.1)
4.8
(40.6)
7.2
(45.0)
6.2
(43.2)
3.0
(37.4)
−1.2
(29.8)
−8.2
(17.2)
−11.6
(11.1)
−11.6
(11.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 28
(1.1)
23
(0.9)
26
(1.0)
46
(1.8)
47
(1.9)
44
(1.7)
30
(1.2)
21
(0.8)
26
(1.0)
37
(1.5)
40
(1.6)
38
(1.5)
405
(15.9)
Average relative humidity (%) 78 72 65 64 62 57 55 58 64 72 77 80 67
Mean monthly sunshine hours 105 133 189 198 225 270 312 285 220 164 113 93 2,305
Source: AEMET[10][11]

Places of interestEdit

 
Façade of Parliament of La Rioja in Logroño.
 
Santa María de Palacio Church.

Recreation (plazas and parks)Edit

  • Paseo del Príncipe de Vergara (El Espolón): Located in the financial center of the capital and positioned in the center by the statue of General Espartero.
  • Plaza del Ayuntamiento: Located on the Avenue of Peace, the modern Town Hall of Logroño, designed by architect Rafael Moneo, is in a large plaza where in years past it has seen numerous public acts, festivals, expositions, concerts, and in the last few years, during Christmas, a life size reconstruction of the nativity scene.
  • Parque del Carmen: Located near the bus station, this park has a variety of flora and fauna including several ducks and birds.[citation needed]
 
One of the Palaces of Espolón.
  • Plaza del Mercado: Located somewhere near Calle Portales, one of the most famous avenues of the city, at the foot of the Round Cathedral. This is where the nightly festivals of Logroño occur, near Calle Mayor (Marqués de San Nicolas Street).
  • Parque del Ebro: Located near the Ebro, an extensive park full of vegetation ideal for relaxing. Also has a bike path traversing through the park.
  • Parque de la Ribera: Next to Parque del Ebro, recently constructed. Here many gardens are found alongside the Plaza de Toros de la Ribera. Also: Riojaforum. Palacio de Congresos y Auditorio de La Rioja
  • Parque de San Miguel
 
Parque del Ebro.

Social lifeEdit

Calle del Laurel, known as "the path of the elephants" and Calle San Juan are typical streets where various restaurants and tapas bars offer some of the best pinchos and tapas in northern Spain. Calle Portales is the main street in the old town, where people like to walk and sit in the terraces to eat a meal or drink wine. Calle Marqués de San Nicolás (otherwise known as Calle Mayor) is the main area where people spend weekend nights.

Broadcasting stationsEdit

Southwest of Logroño, at 42°26'34"N 2°30'43"W, there is a mediumwave broadcasting station with a transmission power of 20 kW. There may exist a longwave transmitter with 300 metres tall masts at Logroño with 300 metres tall masts transmitting RNE Todo Noticias on 207 kHz.

SportsEdit

Festivals and traditionsEdit

 
Arch of Saint Barnabas.

The patron saint of Logroño is Santa María de la Esperanza.

The most important festivals are:

  • San Bernabé (Saint Barnabas), celebrated on June 11, commemorating the victory and resistance of Logroño against French invaders under Francis I that besieged the city in May and June 1521. During this celebration, fried trout is typically served by the Fish Brotherhood, along with bread and wine, allegedly the only foodstuffs available in Logroño during the siege.
  • San Mateo, celebrated between September 20 and September 26. Since 2006 the celebrations start the Saturday before September 21 (the day of Saint Matthew) and last for a week.

During the first week of January there is a cultural festival known as "ACTUAL" with music, theater and art.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns and sister citiesEdit

Logroño is twinned with:

Logroño is associated with:

TransportEdit

The city is served by the new Logroño railway station.

In popular cultureEdit

In the 4th season of the HBO television series True Blood, the witch Antonia is from Logroño. She refers to herself as Antonia Galván de Logroño.

Notable peopleEdit

Some notable people from Logroño are:

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Logroño". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  3. ^ "Logroño" (US) and "Logroño". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  4. ^ "Logroño". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  5. ^ I. Rodríguez y R. de Lama, Colección diplomática medieval de La Rioja, vol. I, Logroño 1979, 272-293
  6. ^ The Beronian demonym in the Logroño toponym, Urbano Espinosa
  7. ^ Rolled leather parchment sealed with lead and the royal seal. Valladolid, 20 February 1431. Logroño municipal register
  8. ^ Keay, S.; R. Mathisen; H. Sivan; R. Talbert; T. Elliott; S. Gillies. "Places: 246729 (Vareia?)". Pleiades. Retrieved August 27, 2013.
  9. ^ "Weather in Logroño". Archived from the original on 1 May 2013. Retrieved 12 June 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. ^ a b c "Standard Climate Values for Logroño". Agencia Estatal de Meteorología. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  11. ^ "Extreme Climate Values for Logroño". Agencia Estatal de Meteorología. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  12. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften und Internationales". Büro für Städtepartnerschaften und internationale Beziehungen (in German). Retrieved 2013-07-26.
  13. ^ Rioja, La. "Actos del 50 Aniversario del hermanamiento entre Dax y Logroño - laRioja.com. Foto 1 de 38". www.larioja.com.
  14. ^ A-Z Twinning and Networking (. Accessed 2010-11-02.)
  15. ^ "Ayuntamiento de Logroño | Hagunia" (in Spanish). Xn--logroo-0wa.es. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  16. ^ "Ayuntamiento de Logroño | Libourne" (in Spanish). Xn--logroo-0wa.es. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  17. ^ "Ayuntamiento de Logroño | Rancagua" (in Spanish). Xn--logroo-0wa.es. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  18. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-12-26. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

External linksEdit