Dax (French pronunciation: ​[daks]; Occitan: Dacs; Basque: Akize) is a commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, southwestern France, sub-prefecture of the Landes department.[3]

Dax
La Fontaine Chaude
Coat of arms of Dax
Location of Dax
Dax is located in France
Dax
Dax
Dax is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Dax
Dax
Coordinates: 43°43′N 1°03′W / 43.71°N 1.05°W / 43.71; -1.05Coordinates: 43°43′N 1°03′W / 43.71°N 1.05°W / 43.71; -1.05
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentLandes
ArrondissementDax
CantonDax-1 and 2
IntercommunalityCA Grand Dax
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Julien Dubois[1]
Area
1
19.70 km2 (7.61 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
20,843
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
40088 /40100
Elevation2–46 m (6.6–150.9 ft)
(avg. 9 m or 30 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

It is known as a spa destination, specialising in mud treatment for rheumatism and similar ailments. Dax is also known for its tauromachy culture, especially during the August ferias, one of the most crowded festival events in France with 800,000 people attending over five days.[4] It is also a market town, former bishopric and busy local centre, especially for the Chalosse area.

GeographyEdit

Dax lies on the river Adour, 30 km from the Atlantic Ocean and 42 km northwest of Bayonne. Dax station has rail connections to Paris, Hendaye, Tarbes, Bordeaux, Bayonne and Pau.

HistoryEdit

It was first established by the Romans, and its reputation is supposed to date from a visit by Julia, the daughter of the first Emperor Octavian Augustus. Its Roman name was Civitas Aquensium. In the Middle Ages, it was administered by viscounts until 1177. With the acquisition of Aquitaine by Henry II Plantagenet, later King of England, Dax remained under English rule until 1451, when it was conquered by French troops before the end of the Hundred Years' War. It successfully withstood a Spanish siege in 1521-1522.

 
Splendid Hotel, 1928
 
Neurisse Hotel, XVIIth century.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 3,391—    
1800 3,398+0.03%
1806 3,179−1.10%
1821 4,948+2.99%
1831 4,716−0.48%
1836 4,776+0.25%
1841 5,842+4.11%
1846 5,615−0.79%
1851 5,805+0.67%
1856 6,125+1.08%
1861 9,856+9.98%
1866 9,469−0.80%
1872 9,062−0.73%
1876 10,250+3.13%
1881 10,218−0.06%
1886 10,858+1.22%
1891 10,240−1.17%
1896 10,196−0.09%
1901 10,329+0.26%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1906 11,210+1.65%
1911 11,387+0.31%
1921 11,047−0.30%
1926 12,385+2.31%
1931 12,663+0.44%
1936 13,056+0.61%
1946 14,113+0.78%
1954 14,557+0.39%
1962 17,051+2.00%
1968 19,348+2.13%
1975 19,137−0.16%
1982 18,648−0.37%
1990 19,309+0.44%
1999 19,515+0.12%
2007 20,860+0.84%
2012 20,364−0.48%
2017 20,681+0.31%
2019 20,843+0.39%
Source: EHESS[5] and INSEE (1968-2017)[6]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Dax, Landes (1981–2010 averages, extremes 1958–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
27.2
(81.0)
29.9
(85.8)
32.7
(90.9)
36.2
(97.2)
40.3
(104.5)
40.8
(105.4)
41.1
(106.0)
39.0
(102.2)
34.7
(94.5)
28.1
(82.6)
23.9
(75.0)
41.1
(106.0)
Average high °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
13.1
(55.6)
16.4
(61.5)
18.1
(64.6)
21.7
(71.1)
24.7
(76.5)
27.0
(80.6)
27.2
(81.0)
25.0
(77.0)
20.6
(69.1)
14.8
(58.6)
11.6
(52.9)
19.3
(66.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.2
(45.0)
8.2
(46.8)
11.0
(51.8)
12.8
(55.0)
16.4
(61.5)
19.5
(67.1)
21.5
(70.7)
21.7
(71.1)
19.1
(66.4)
15.5
(59.9)
10.5
(50.9)
7.6
(45.7)
14.3
(57.7)
Average low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
3.3
(37.9)
5.5
(41.9)
7.5
(45.5)
11.1
(52.0)
14.2
(57.6)
16.1
(61.0)
16.1
(61.0)
13.3
(55.9)
10.4
(50.7)
6.1
(43.0)
3.7
(38.7)
9.2
(48.6)
Record low °C (°F) −16.2
(2.8)
−9.5
(14.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−1.8
(28.8)
0.3
(32.5)
3.8
(38.8)
3.4
(38.1)
6.8
(44.2)
2.2
(36.0)
−1.7
(28.9)
−7.2
(19.0)
−10.2
(13.6)
−16.2
(2.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 106.3
(4.19)
95.8
(3.77)
82.8
(3.26)
107.5
(4.23)
90.2
(3.55)
69.8
(2.75)
57.9
(2.28)
70.3
(2.77)
89.6
(3.53)
117.0
(4.61)
145.7
(5.74)
118.4
(4.66)
1,151.3
(45.33)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12.4 10.4 10.8 12.9 12.1 8.5 7.6 8.8 8.7 11.4 12.6 12.1 128.4
Average relative humidity (%) 87 82 78 79 79 79 78 81 82 87 88 89 82.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 95.1 108.2 166.0 171.2 196.7 206.6 219.7 212.7 190.2 142.2 93.5 80.2 1,882.4
Source 1: Météo France[7][8][9]
Source 2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity, 1961–1990)[10]

SightsEdit

 
Place de la cathédrale.
  • Roman archaeological crypt, including the foundations of a Roman temple from the second century AD
  • Remains of the Gallic-Roman walls (4th century)
  • Cathedral of Notre-Dame Ste-Marie
  • Church of Saint-Vincent-de-Xaintes
  • Fontaine Chaude ("Hot Fountain")
  • Château de Dax, former castle where is now Hôtel Splendid [fr]

SportsEdit

The US Dax rugby club founded in 1904 is an important historical team, as many other town in south west of France. Many famous French rugby players comes from Dax and its suburbs such as Pierre Albaladejo, Raphaël Ibanez, or Richard Dourthe for example.

Twin townsEdit

PersonalitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ INSEE commune file
  4. ^ "Dax : Sécurité renforcée pour la féria".
  5. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Dax, EHESS. (in French)
  6. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  7. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Dax" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  8. ^ "Climat Aquitaine" (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original on May 20, 2019. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  9. ^ "Dax (40)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 April 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Dax-Seyresse (40) - altitude 31m" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on 15 March 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2015.

External linksEdit