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Práxedes Mariano Mateo Sagasta y Escolar (21 July 1825 – 5 January 1903) was a Spanish civil engineer and politician who served as Prime Minister on eight occasions between 1870 and 1902—always in charge of the Liberal Party—as part of the turno pacifico, alternating with the Conservative leader Antonio Cánovas. A Freemason[citation needed], he was known for possessing an excellent oratorical talent.

The Most Excellent
Don

Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta. Pintado por Casado del Alisal en 1884.jpg
Portrait of Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
Prime Minister of Spain
In office
7 March 1901 – 10 December 1902
Monarch
Preceded by Marcelo Azcárraga
Succeeded by Francisco Silvela
In office
5 October 1897 – 7 March 1899
Monarch Maria Christina of Austria (regent)
Preceded by Marcelo Azcárraga
Succeeded by Francisco Silvela
In office
13 December 1892 – 24 March 1895
Monarch Maria Christina of Austria (regent)
Preceded by Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
Succeeded by Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
In office
28 November 1885 – 8 July 1890
Monarch Maria Christina of Austria (regent)
Preceded by Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
Succeeded by Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
In office
10 February 1881 – 14 October 1883
Monarch Alfonso XII
Preceded by Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
Succeeded by José Posada Herrera
Personal details
Born (1825-07-21)21 July 1825
Torrecilla en Cameros, Logroño, Spain
Died 5 January 1903(1903-01-05)
Madrid, Spain
Nationality Spanish
Political party Liberal Party

Contents

BiographyEdit

Mateo-Sagasta was born on 21 July 1825 at Torrecilla en Cameros, province of Logroño, Spain. As a member of the Progressive Party while a student at the Civil Engineering School of Madrid in 1848, Sagasta was the only one in the school who refused to sign a letter supporting Queen Isabel II.

After his studies, he took an active role in government. Sagasta served in the Spanish Cortes between 1854–1857 and 1858–1863. In 1866 he went into exile in France after a failed coup. After the Spanish Revolution of 1868, he returned to Spain to take part in the newly created provisional government.

He served as Prime Minister of Spain during the Spanish–American War of 1898 (during which time Spain lost its remaining colonies.) Sagasta agreed to an autonomous constitution for both Cuba and Puerto Rico. Sagasta's political opponents saw his action as a betrayal of Spain; they blamed him for the country's defeat in the war and the loss of its island territories in the Treaty of Paris of 1898. He continued to be active in politics for another four years.

Sagasta died on 5 January 1903 in Madrid.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Obituary. Señor Práxedes Mateo Sagasta". Annual Register for 1903. Longmans, Green, and Co. 1904. p. 113. 

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
José Malcampo
President of the Council of Ministers
21 December 1871 – 26 May 1872
Succeeded by
Francisco Serrano
Preceded by
Juan de Zavala y de la Puente
President of the Council of Ministers
3 September 1874 – 31 December 1874
Succeeded by
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
Preceded by
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
President of the Council of Ministers
8 February 1881 – 13 October 1883
Succeeded by
José Posada Herrera
Preceded by
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
President of the Council of Ministers
27 November 1885 – 5 July 1890
Succeeded by
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
Preceded by
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
President of the Council of Ministers
11 December 1892 – 23 March 1895
Succeeded by
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
Preceded by
Marcelo Azcárraga
President of the Council of Ministers
4 October 1897 – 4 March 1899
Succeeded by
Francisco Silvela
Preceded by
Marcelo Azcárraga
President of the Council of Ministers
6 March 1901 – 6 December 1902
Succeeded by
Francisco Silvela