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The Most Excellent (Spanish: Excelentísimo Señor (male) or Excelentísima Señora (female), literally "Excellent Sir/Mister") is an honorific prefix that is traditionally applied to certain people in Spain and certain Spanish-speaking countries. Following Spanish tradition, it is an ex officio style (the holder has it as long as it remains in office, in the most important positions of state) and is used in written documents and very formal ocasions.

The prefix is similar (but not equal) to that of "His/Her Excellency", but in the 19th century "The Most Excellent" began to replace the former.

The proper use of the prefix Excellency was re-introduced in Francoist Spain by Generalísimo Francisco Franco himself, who was formally styled as Su Excelencia el Jefe del Estado ("His Excellency The Head of State"), while his ministers and senior government officials continued using the prefix "The Most Excellent".



Household of His Majesty The KingEdit

  • The Head of the Household
  • The Secretary General
  • The Head of the Military Chamber

Executive powerEdit

Central government
  • The President of the Government (Prime Minister) and former Presidents of the Government
  • Vice Presidents of the Government and former vice presidents
  • Government Ministers and former ministers
  • Secretaries of State
  • The Undersecretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Government's Delegates to the Autonomous Communities
Autonomous communities

Legislative powerEdit

  • The President of the Congress of Deputies
  • The President of the Senate
  • Members of the Bureau of the Congress of deputies
  • Members of the Bureau of the Senate
  • Members of the Bureaus of the Autonomic Legislatures

Constitutional Court and judiciaryEdit

  • Justices of the Constitutional Court
  • Members of the General Council of the Judicial Power
  • Justices of the Supreme Court
  • The Attorney General of the State
  • The Head prosecutor of the Supreme Court
  • The Chief justice and the Head prosecutor of the Audiencia Nacional
  • Chief justices and Head prosecutors of the High Courts of Justice of the Autonomous Communities

Local authoritiesEdit

  • The Mayors of Madrid and Barcelona
  • Mayors of cities considered big cities according to the law

Other institutionsEdit

  • Members of the Council of State
  • Members of the Court of Audit
  • Rectors of Universities (it is followed by the title Magnifico)
  • Vicerrectors of Universities
  • Members of the Insituto de España
  • Academics of the eight Royal Academies
  • Members of the Nuclear Security Council
  • Deans of the College of Lawyers of the provinces where a High Court of Justice is Seated
  • The Governor of the Bank of Spain


  • Ambassadors
  • Diplomats with the rank of Minister-Counselor


  • Flag officers of the Spanish Armed Forces and the Civil Guard

Recipients of civilian decorations, awards and ordersEdit

  • Knights/Dames of the Collar and Knights/Dames Grand Cross of any of the military and civilian orders
  • Holders of the Gold Medal of Merit in Labour

Royalty and nobilityEdit


  • Foreign Heads of State not belonging to royalty and their consorts


  1. ^ With the exception of the Catalan-speaking communities which use Molt Honorable Senyor(a) (Spanish: Muy Honorable Señor(a)).