Ramón Castroviejo

Ramón Castroviejo Briones (1904–1987) was a Spanish and American eye surgeon remembered for his achievements in corneal transplantation.

Ramón Castroviejo
Ramon Castroviejo.jpg
Ramon Castroviejo in 1928
Ramón Castroviejo Briones

August 24, 1904
DiedJanuary 2, 1987 (aged 82)
Years active1927-1975
Known forImproving corneal transplantation technique
Medical career
ResearchCorneal transplantation


Born in Logroño, Spain he received his medical education at the University of Madrid. He graduated in 1927 and worked at the Chicago Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital and the Mayo Clinic before, in 1931, he came to Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center in New York. He became the director of Ophthalmology at St. Vincent's Hospital before he opened his own hospital when he bought the Hammond House. After his retirement he moved to Madrid where he died.


While not being the first to successfully graft human cornea, he improved the technique of the operation in the 1930s and 1940s, prompting the worldwide adoption of corneal transplantation as a standard way to deal with severe corneal pathology. His keratoplasty technique remained standard until more efficient suture materials became available.[1]

Castroviejo designed the Castroviejo needle holder, an instrument used in eye, dental and other forms of microsurgery.

See alsoEdit

  • Vladimir Filatov - a Soviet contemporary of Castroviejo that was also a pioneer in corneal transplantation.

Books, articles by CastroviejoEdit


  1. ^ «RAMON CASTROVIEJO, md» by Arthur Gerard DeVoe; Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 1987; 85: 6-8.

External linksEdit