Vladimir Filatov

Vladimir Petrovich Filatov (Russian: Владимир Филaтoв, 15 [O.S. 27] February 1875 in Mikhaylovka, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire – 30 October 1956 in Odessa, Ukrainian SSR) was a Russian Empire and Soviet ophthalmologist and surgeon best known for his development of tissue therapy.[1] He introduced the tube flap grafting method, corneal transplantation and preservation of grafts from cadaver eyes. He founded the Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy in Odessa, Soviet Union (today Ukraine).[2] Filatov is also credited for restoring Vasily Zaytsev's sight when he suffered an injury to his eyes from a mortar attack during Battle of Stalingrad.

Vladimir Petrovich Filatov
Born(1875-02-15)February 15, 1875
DiedOctober 30, 1956(1956-10-30) (aged 81)
EducationAcademician of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences
Alma materImperial Moscow University (1897)
Scientific career
Філатов Володимир Петрович автограф 1943.png
Coin of Ukraine Filatov R.jpg

First corneal transplantation was attempted by Filatov on 28 February 1912, but the graft grew opaque.[3] After numerous attempts over the course of many years, Filatov achieved a successful transplantation of cornea from a diseased person on 6 May 1931.[4]

The tomb of Vladimir Filatov. 2nd Christian Cemetery in Odessa.

Throughout his life, Filatov made no secret of the fact that he was a faithful Orthodox Christian. The Communist Party honoured him for his medical work, but pretended not to notice his faith.[2] A large group of official representatives from the Kremlin came for his funeral, which was to be a majestic affair, ending with the bier being burned. His widow asked that his will be read out in front of everyone. He asked for an Orthodox funeral conducted by a bishop, and he wanted to be buried, with the tomb stone proclaiming "I look for the resurrection of the dead." The Kremlin gave permission for his wishes to be fulfilled.[5]

After Filatov's death in 1956, his apprentice Nadezhda Puchkovskaya led the Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy in Odessa, which was renamed in honour of Filatov as The Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy.

See alsoEdit

  • Ramón Castroviejo – a Spanish contemporary of Filatov that was also a pioneer in corneal transplantation.
  • David Bushmich – an ophthalmologist under Filatov, worked closely with Dr. Puchkovskaya.


  1. ^ Mirskiĭ, M. (Mark). Istorii︠a︡ medit︠s︡iny i khirurgii : uchebnoe posobie. Moskva. ISBN 978-5-9704-1429-3. OCLC 971612561.
  2. ^ a b Каликинская, Екатерина (2013-06-10). "Врач Владимир Филатов. Какие открытия сделали его знаменитым". aif.ru. Retrieved 2020-12-15.
  3. ^ "Филатов (1875–1956) - 100 великих врачей". www.e-reading.by. Retrieved 2020-12-15.
  4. ^ Vladimir Filatov, peoples.ru
  5. ^ p.121-2. The Blessed Surgeon by Archdeacon Vasiliy Marushchak. published by Divine Ascent Press. 2008

External linksEdit