Comarcas of Spain

In Spain, a comarca (Spanish: [koˈmaɾkas], sing. comarca)[a] is either a traditional territorial division without any formal basis, or a group of municipalities, legally defined by an autonomous community for the purpose of providing common local government services.[1][2] In English, a comarca is equivalent to a district, county, area or zone.

Comarca
Mapa comarcal de España (vers. 2022-09-29).svg
CategoryComarca
LocationSpain
Found inautonomous communities
Number83 (as of 20 June 2022)
Government
  • Comarcal council
Subdivisions
Comarcas of Spain

Legally defined comarcasEdit

The large majority of legally defined comarcas are in Catalonia (42) and Aragon (33)), and are regulated by law and are governed by a comarcal council with specified powers. There are seven comarcas formally registered in Basque Country and one in Castile and León.[2] In Andalusia and Asturias, comarcas are defined by law but lack any defined function.

Informal comarcasEdit

In other regions, comarcas are traditional or historical or in some cases, contemporary creations designed for tourism promotions. In some other cases (e.g. La Carballeda) a comarca may correspond to a natural area, like a valley, river basin and mountainous area, or even to historical regions overlapping different provinces and ancient kingdoms (e.g. Ilercavonia).[3]

In such comarcas or natural regions municipalities have resorted to organizing themselves in mancomunidad (commonwealth), like the Taula del Sénia, the only legal formula that has allowed those comarcas to manage their public municipal resources meaningfully.[citation needed]

There is also a comarca, the Cerdanya that is divided between two states, the southwestern half being counted as a comarca of Spain, while the northeastern half is part of France.

Relationship to other groups of municipalitiesEdit

There are also other groupings of municipalities in Spain including provinces, mancomunidades, metropolitan areas and the major islands of the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands.

Legally defined comarcas have their boundaries and functions defined by the relevant regional government (autonomous community) and so do not necessarily have boundaries consistent with provinces which are defined by the State.[4] The remit of comarcas is very similar to that of the provinces and has been criticised for duplication.[5] However in Catalonia, the comarca (and not the province) has been the traditional territorial organisation.[6]

List of comarcas of Spain by autonomous communitiesEdit

Comarcas of AndalusiaEdit

 
Comarcas of Andalusia

Comarcas of the province of AlmeríaEdit

Comarcas of the province of CádizEdit

 
Comarcas of Cádiz

Comarcas of the province of CórdobaEdit

Comarcas of the province of GranadaEdit

 
Comarcas of Granada

Comarcas of the province of HuelvaEdit

Comarcas of the province of JaénEdit

 
Comarcas de Jaén

Comarcas of the province of MálagaEdit

Comarcas of the province of SevillaEdit

Comarcas of AragonEdit

 
Comarcas of Aragon

Comarcas of the province of Huesca/UescaEdit

Comarcas of the province of TeruelEdit

Comarcas of the province of ZaragozaEdit

Comarcas of AsturiasEdit

 
Comarcas of Asturias

Comarques of the Balearic IslandsEdit

MallorcaEdit

MenorcaEdit

PitiüsesEdit

Eskualdeak / Comarcas of the Basque CountryEdit

Eskualdeak / Cuadrillas of the province of Álava-ArabaEdit

Eskualdeak / Comarcas of the province of BiscayEdit

 
Eskualdeak of Biscay

Eskualdeak / Comarcas of the province of GipuzkoaEdit

Comarcas of the Canary IslandsEdit

Comarcas of the province of Las PalmasEdit

Comarcas of the province of TenerifeEdit

Comarcas of CantabriaEdit

 
Comarcas of Cantabria.

Comarques of CataloniaEdit

 
Comarques of Catalonia

Reference:[7]

Comarques of the province of BarcelonaEdit

Comarques of the province of GironaEdit

Comarques of the province of LleidaEdit

Comarques of the province of TarragonaEdit

Comarcas of Castile–La ManchaEdit

Comarcas of the province of AlbaceteEdit

Comarcas of the province of Ciudad RealEdit

Comarcas of the province of CuencaEdit

Comarcas of the province of GuadalajaraEdit

Comarcas of the province of ToledoEdit

Comarcas of Castile and LeónEdit

Comarcas of the province of ÁvilaEdit

Comarcas of the province of BurgosEdit

 
Comarcas of Burgos.

Comarcas of the province of LeónEdit

Comarcas of the province of PalenciaEdit

Comarcas of the province of SalamancaEdit

 
Comarcas of Salamanca.

Comarcas of the province of SegoviaEdit

An official classification establishes three comarcas:

or sometimes four:

However, historic approaches (before the national classification into provinces) establish six comarcas:

Comarcas of the province of SoriaEdit

Comarcas of the province of ValladolidEdit

Comarcas of the province of ZamoraEdit

 
Comarcas of Zamora.

Comarcas of ExtremaduraEdit

Comarcas of the province of BadajozEdit

Comarcas of the province of CáceresEdit

Comarcas of GaliciaEdit

 
Comarcas in Galicia

Comarcas of the province of A CoruñaEdit

Comarcas of the province of LugoEdit

Comarcas of the province of OurenseEdit

Comarcas of the province of PontevedraEdit

Comarcas of La RiojaEdit

Comarcas of MadridEdit

Comarcas of Region of MurciaEdit

 
Comarcas de Murcia

Eskualdeak / Comarcas of NavarreEdit

 
Eskualdeak/Comarcas of Navarre

Comarques of the Valencian CommunityEdit

 
Comarcas of the Comunitat Valenciana

Comarques of the province of AlicanteEdit

Comarques of the province of CastellónEdit

Comarques of the province of ValenciaEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In other languages of Spain:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Local Government Act 1985, Article 42.
  2. ^ a b Register of Local Entities.
  3. ^ Cools & Verbeek 2013, Explanatory Memorandum paragraph 33 on page 11.
  4. ^ Cools & Verbeek 2013, Explanatory Memorandum paragraph 221 on page 38.
  5. ^ Cools & Verbeek 2013, Explanatory Memorandum paragraph 221 on page 38 and paragraph 2 of the Summary.
  6. ^ Albet i Mas 2019, p. 27.
  7. ^ "Idescat. Anuari estadístic de Catalunya. Nombre de municipis i població. Comarques i Aran". www.idescat.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 2020-07-14.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit