Comarques of the Valencian Community

The comarques of the Valencian Community, form an intermediate level of administrative subdivision between municipalities and provinces. They are used as a basis for the provision of local services by the Generalitat Valenciana, but do not have any representative or executive bodies of their own.

Homologous territorial demarcations according to the Generalitat Valenciana.

In 1987, the Generalitat Valenciana published an official proposal for Homologated Territorial Demarcations, Demarcacions Territorials Homologades (DTH), of three degrees, where the first degree largely coincides with the territorial concept of comarca. Until now, the practice of these demarcations has been limited as a reference to the administrative decentralisation of the different services offered by the Generalitat, such as education, health, or agriculture. In fact, there is no legal provision for these DTHs to ultimately have the intended “territorial impact”, that is, comarca-level political or administrative bodies. Instead, the powers shared between several municipalities are being articulated through mancomunitats, or commonwealths.

Article 65 of the 2006 Statute of Autonomy provides the first legislative foundation for the comarques.

As of 2019, there are thirty-four comarques (including the city of Valencia), with a median population of 147,227.55 and a median area of 685.43 km².

List of comarquesEdit

Comarca Population (2019)[1] Area (km²)[1] Density
(i./km²)
Capital
Alacantí 487,113 673.57 723.15 Alicante
Alcalatén 15,585 648.68  24.02 Alcora
Alcoià 109,196 539.66 202.33 Alcoy/Alcoi
Alt Maestrat 6,657 663.16 10.03 Albocàsser
Alto Mijares 3,908 667.06 5.85 Cirat
Alto Palancia 23,753 965.15 24.61 Segorbe
Alto Vinalopó 52,401 644.76 81.27 Villena
Baix Maestrat 81,871 1,221.32 67.03 Vinaròs
Baix Vinalopó/Bajo Vinalopó 293,775 488.78 601.03 Elche
Camp de Morvedre 91,662 271.20 337.96 Sagunto
Camp de Túria 162,991 823.37 197.96 Llíria
Canal de Navarrés 15,687 709.29 22.11 Enguera
Comtat 28,096 377.77 74.37 Cocentaina
Costera 71,522 528.26 130.47 Xàtiva
Horta Nord 228,424 140.51 1626.48 Burjassot
Horta Oest 354,334 178.84 1888.77 Catarroja
Horta Sud 178,118 166.19 1071.96 Torrent
Hoya de Buñol 42,598 817.37 52.08 Buñol
Marina Alta 175,156 758.02 228.30 Dénia
Marina Baixa/Marina Baja 188,623 578.67 338.04 Villajoyosa/La Vila Joiosa
Ports 4,400 904.07 4.84 Morella
Plana Alta 252,828 957.29 264.10 Castellón de la Plana
Plana Baixa 190,925 605.15 315.50 Burriana/Borriana
Requena-Utiel 37,753 1,721.03 21.87 Requena
Ribera Alta 220,366 970.04 227.17 Alzira
Ribera Baixa 79,869 276.81 288.50 Sueca
Rincón de Ademuz 2,266 370.22 6.12 Ademuz
Los Serranos 16,159 1,405.28 11.49 Chelva
Safor 171,903 429.80 400.12 Gandia
Valencia 794,288 134.63 5.89 Valencia
Vall d'Albaida 87,349 722.22 120.63 Ontinyent
Valle de Ayora-Cofrentes 9,835 1,141.15 8.61 Cofrentes
Vega Baja del Segura 355,257 957.28 362.24 Orihuela
Vinalopo Mitjà/Medio Vinalopó 171,069 797.99 214.74 Elda
Total 5,005,737 23,254.49 214.79

SubcomarquesEdit

Some comarques are made up of two or more subcomarques. Most of them correspond with local geographical features. For instance, Alcoià is made up of two subcomarques: Foia de Castalla and Valls d'Alcoi.

Historical comarquesEdit

Historical comarques refer to former comarques that are no longer extant.

Some historical comarques of the Valencian Community are now part of other comarques in the new territorial demarcation, such as Tinença de Benifassà and Ports de Morella.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Populations and areas are taken from the INE(INE website).

BibliographyEdit

  • Proposta de demarcacions territorials homologades, Direcció General d'Administració Local, València, D.L. 1988. Conselleria d'Administració Pública. ISBN 84-7579-587-0