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Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces (Spanish: provincias, IPA: [pɾoˈβinθjas]; sing. provincia).[note 1] Spain's provencal system was recognized in its 1978 constitution but its origin dates back to 1833. Ceuta, Melilla and the Plazas de soberanía are not part of any provinces.

Provinces of Spain
Blank Spain Map (Provinces).svg
Category Province
Location Spain
Found in Autonomous community
Created by Royal Decree (30/11/1833)
Created 1833
Number 50
Populations 95,258–6,458,684
Areas 1,980–21,766 km²
Government Provincial council
Subdivisions Municipality

Contents

Provincial organizationEdit

The layout of Spain's provinces closely follows the pattern of the territorial division of the country carried out in 1833. The only major change of provincial borders since that time has been the subdivision of the Canary Islands into two provinces rather than one.

Historically, the provinces served mainly as transmission belts for policies enacted in Madrid, as Spain was a highly centralised state for most of its modern history. The importance of the provinces has declined since the adoption of the system of autonomous communities in the period of the Spanish transition to democracy. They nevertheless remain electoral districts for national elections and as geographical references: for instance in postal addresses and telephone codes.

A small town would normally be identified as being in, say, Valladolid province rather than the autonomous community of Castile and León. The provinces were the "building-blocks" from which the autonomous communities were created. Consequently, no province is divided between more than one of these communities.

Most of the provinces—with the exception of Álava, Asturias, Biscay, Cantabria, Guipúzcoa, Balearic Islands, La Rioja, and Navarra — are named after their principal town. Only two capitals of autonomous communities — Mérida in Extremadura and Santiago de Compostela in Galicia — are not also the capitals of provinces.

Seven of the autonomous communities comprise no more than one province each: Asturias, Balearic Islands, Cantabria, La Rioja, Madrid, Murcia, and Navarra. These are sometimes referred to as "uniprovincial" communities.

 
A map of Spain's provinces.

The table below lists the provinces of Spain. For each, the capital city is given, together with an indication of the autonomous community to which it belongs and a link to a list of municipalities in the province. The names of the provinces and their capitals are ordered alphabetically according to the form in which they appear in the main Wikipedia articles describing them. Unless otherwise indicated, their Spanish-language (Castilian) names are the same; locally valid names in Spain's other co-official languages (Asturian, Basque, Catalan, Galician) are also indicated where they differ.

ProvincesEdit

Province name Capital Autonomous community Lists of municipalities
  A Coruña (Galician); La Coruña (Spanish); Corunna (English, archaic) A Coruña (Galician); La Coruña (Spanish); Corunna (English, archaic)   Galicia Municipalities
  Álava; Araba (Basque) Vitoria-Gasteiz; Gasteiz (Basque); Vitoria (Spanish)   Basque Country Municipalities
  Albacete Albacete   Castilla-La Mancha Municipalities
  Alicante; Alacant (Catalan) Alicante; Alacant (Catalan)   Valencian Community Municipalities
  Almería Almería   Andalusia Municipalities
  Asturias; Asturies (Asturian) Oviedo; Uviéu (Asturian)   Asturias Municipalities
  Ávila Ávila   Castile and León Municipalities
  Badajoz Badajoz   Extremadura Municipalities
  Balearic Islands; Illes Balears (Catalan); Islas Baleares (Spanish) Palma   Balearic Islands Municipalities
  Barcelona Barcelona   Catalonia Municipalities
  Biscay; Bizkaia (Basque); Vizcaya (Spanish) Bilbao; Bilbo (Basque)   Basque Country Municipalities
  Burgos Burgos   Castile and León Municipalities
  Cáceres Cáceres   Extremadura Municipalities
  Cádiz Cádiz   Andalusia Municipalities
  Cantabria Santander   Cantabria Municipalities
  Castellón; Castelló (Catalan) Castellón de la Plana; Castelló de la Plana (Catalan)   Valencian Community Municipalities
  Ciudad Real Ciudad Real   Castilla-La Mancha Municipalities
  Córdoba Córdoba; Cordova (English, archaic)   Andalusia Municipalities
  Cuenca Cuenca   Castilla-La Mancha Municipalities
  Gipuzkoa (Basque); Guipúzcoa (Spanish) San Sebastián (Spanish); Donostia (Basque)   Basque Country Municipalities
  Girona (Catalan); Gerona (Spanish) Girona (Catalan); Gerona (Spanish)   Catalonia Municipalities
  Granada Granada   Andalusia Municipalities
  Guadalajara Guadalajara   Castilla-La Mancha Municipalities
  Huelva Huelva   Andalusia Municipalities
  Huesca Huesca (Spanish); Uesca (Aragonese)   Aragon Municipalities
  Jaén Jaén   Andalusia Municipalities
  La Rioja Logroño   La Rioja Municipalities
  Las Palmas Las Palmas   Canary Islands Municipalities
  León León   Castile and León Municipalities
  Lleida (Catalan); Lérida (Spanish) Lleida (Catalan); Lérida (Spanish)   Catalonia Municipalities
  Lugo Lugo   Galicia Municipalities
  Madrid Madrid   Community of Madrid Municipalities
  Málaga Málaga   Andalusia Municipalities
  Murcia Murcia   Region of Murcia Municipalities
  Navarre; Nafarroa (Basque); Navarra (Spanish) Pamplona; Iruña (Basque)   Navarre Municipalities
  Ourense (Galician); Orense (Spanish) Ourense (Galician); Orense (Spanish)   Galicia Municipalities
  Palencia Palencia   Castile and León Municipalities
  Pontevedra Pontevedra   Galicia Municipalities
  Salamanca Salamanca   Castile and León Municipalities
  Santa Cruz de Tenerife Santa Cruz de Tenerife   Canary Islands Municipalities
  Segovia Segovia   Castile and León Municipalities
  Seville; Sevilla (Spanish) Seville; Sevilla (Spanish)   Andalusia Municipalities
  Soria Soria   Castile and León Municipalities
  Tarragona Tarragona   Catalonia Municipalities
  Teruel Teruel   Aragon Municipalities
  Toledo Toledo   Castilla-La Mancha Municipalities
  Valencia; València (Catalan) Valencia; València (Catalan)   Valencian Community Municipalities
  Valladolid Valladolid   Castile and León Municipalities
  Zamora Zamora   Castile and León Municipalities
  Zaragoza; Saragossa (English) Zaragoza; Saragossa (English)   Aragon Municipalities

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In other languages of Spain:

External linksEdit